4 views

Uploaded by Olyves

- OPTICAL DIAGNOSTICS FOR THIN FILM processing
- 2.IJAERDJUN20172
- Nano-Magnetic Materials Synthesis Using Plasma Focus Device
- A_Física_Quântica_e_o_Esoterismo.doc
- Physical Properties of Dense Low Temperature Plasmas.pdf
- Document 2 (3)
- Chemistry
- Pmfias.com-Sun Internal Structure Atmosphere
- top-20-physics-interview-questions
- plasma generation and plasma sources
- Band Theory 1
- 10.1063@1.4995510.pdf
- States of Matter
- IIT JEE Advanced Sample Question Paper With Detailed Solutions 1
- Electron Movement
- Campbell Stress-Tensor 1989
- p1 us1 2015
- lap reoprt 1
- 269fc7b5d673c4f7845be04ab516ac26
- Diffusion-in-Polymers.pdf

You are on page 1of 4

207 (2004)

S. Mesbah1, K. Bendib-Kalache1, A. Bendib1 and G. Matthieussent2

1

Laboratoire Electronique Quantique, Facult de Physique, USTHB, BP 32 El-Alia, 16111 Bab Ezzouar Alger, Algrie. 2 Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Plasmas, Universit Paris-Sud XI, Bt. 210, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France. Abstract The nonlocal electron transport is analyzed to construct hydrodynamic equations to study the non equilibrium behavior of a degenerate electron gas in plasmas. Electron transport is modeled by the semiclassical Boltzmann equation where collisions processes are described by the relaxation operator. The Boltzmann equation is analytically solved in the diffusive approximation and the nonlocal transport coefficients are deduced.

I Introduction Understanding nonlocal transport in a degenerate electron gas is of a great importance in many physical situations such as in inertial confinement fusion, in white dwarf stars and in metal surface. The hydrodynamic equations provide a powerful tool in analyzing the properties of an inhomogeneous degenerate electron system. These equations are obtained by taking different velocity moments of the Boltzmann kinetic equation which E E describe at time t the evolution of the one-particle distribution function in phase space *r , p + . The untruncated hierarchy of such equations is completely equivalent to the Boltzmann equation and all kinetic informations are not lost in such a hierarchy. Usually, the infinite E system is truncated to the first three equations, for the density n*r , t + , the flow velocity E E E V *r , t + and the temperature T *r , t + . The higher order moments computed from the kinetic theory in terms of the lower moments constitute the closure relations of these fluid equations. The aim of this work is to compute the nonlocal transport coefficients of partially degenerate electron gases.

II. The kinetic model The basic equation of our model is the Boltzmann equation that include the electronelectron and the electron-ion collision contributions. In planar geometry and steady state approximation it reads

31st EPS 2004; K.Bendib-Kalache et al. : Nonlocal electron transport in degenerate plasmas

2 of 4

vx

f e f E / ? C ei * f +- C ee * f + x me v x

(1)

where f *x, v x , v + is the electron distribution function (DF) and the other variables have their usual meaning. In Eq. (1) the collisions relaxes the DF towards the Fermi-Dirac distribution function g /o f FD ? 1- exp T e

/1

(2)

where g , is the electron kinetic energy and o is the chemical potential. The anisotropic electron-ion collision operator is modeled by the Lee and More model [1], i.e., C ei * f +? /p ei *v + f , where p ei *v +? ne Ze ln N / 4rg 0 me v

4 2 2

frequency, Z is the ion charge, n e is the electron density and ln N is the Coulomb logarithm. The quantum effects in the cross section are included in ln N [1]. For simplicity

1/ 2 we assume that C ee * f +? /p ee * f / f FD + and p ee ?c *Z +p ei *v t + where v t ? *Te / me + is the

thermal velocity. The parameter c *Z + is defined to recover the transport properties in the nondegenerate electron gas limit [2]. We rewrite Eq. (1) on the fluid velocity frame E V * x +?V * x +x and expand the DF on the Legendre polynomial basis

E f *v, x +? f n *v +Pn *v x / v + obtaining, in the diffusive and the Lorentz approximations, the n ?0

following set of equations, 2 M 1 f FD */10 F3/ 2 - 6 F1/ 2 y + 2 M 1 f FD *6 F1/ 2 / 2 F/1/ 2 y + 2 1/ 2 f 1 vt y / vt / vt 2 3 3 3 x y 5F/1/ 2 F3/ 2 / 9*F1/ 2 + x y 5 F/1/ 2 F3/ 2 / 9*F1/ 2 +2 x (3) ? /p ee * f 0 / f FD +

2 1

2 ev t y 8 2 1/ 2 f 0 1/ 2 f 2 vt y vt y / 3 Te 15 3 x x

1/ 2

f FD y

E ? /p ei *v + f 1

(4)

m Mn m

(5) ? y f n dy .

0

We should note that the invariance properties of the collision operators have been included in Eq. (3).

31st EPS 2004; K.Bendib-Kalache et al. : Nonlocal electron transport in degenerate plasmas

3 of 4

III The transport coefficients We have solved analytically Eqs. (3)-(5) for weak nonlocal effects, i.e., n ei >1 , x where n ei ? v t /p ei *v t + , and computed the explicit expression of the components of the DF, f 0 / f 2 . Then we have deduced the non-vanishing components of the stress tensor R xx , the electron-ion momentum transfer R x and of the heat flux q x . For convenience we present the results in the Fourier space

2

*x

loc qx 2 40 F4 16*F3 + 1/ *k +? / 3 2 F1/ 2 15F2 F4

n e Te ikT mep ei *v t + e

(6)

loc

(7)

*k +? / /

5 F3/ 2 3F1/ 2

(8)

2 Taking into account the nonlocal contributions proportional to *kn ei + , we obtain 2 /13F - 88 F3 F9 / 2 / 16 F7 / 2 *F3 + 11/ 2 3F2 2 2 *F2 +2 nloc loc q x *k +? q x *~ Te +1/ 16*F3 +2 15 F4 1/ 15 F2 F4

2 2 k n / c *Z + ei / (9)

n T *kn +2 V e e ei

16F3 11F9/ 2 11F9/ 2 2F7/ 2 *kn +2 / ei 6F / F 5F3 loc 16 2 3F1/ 2 nloc loc 3 2 2 *knei + (10) Rx *k +? Rx *~V +1/ - Rx *~T +1/ 5F *F/1 / F1/2 + 15 3 3/ 2 4F3 / 3F1 3F2

R xx

nloc

*k +? R loc *~V +/ xx

n T *kn +2 . e e ei

(11)

31st EPS 2004; K.Bendib-Kalache et al. : Nonlocal electron transport in degenerate plasmas

4 of 4

The nonlocal part of the viscosity coefficient less important than the other contributions has been neglected in Eq. (11). We note in Eqs. (9)-(11) that the nonlocal effects reduce the transport coefficients and that the off-diagonal coefficients verify the Onsager symmetry. Converting back to the real space Eqs. (9)-(11) we obtain expressions corresponding to integro-differential operators. The resulting transport quantities constitute reliable closure relations for the hydrodynamic equations to describe inhomogeneous degenerate electron gas.

References [1] Y. T. Lee and R. M. More, Phys. Fluids 27, 1273 (1984). [2] L. Spitzer and R. Hrm, Phys. Rev. 89, 977 (1953).

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Comit Mixte dEvaluation et de Prospective (CMEP project 02 MDU 548).

- OPTICAL DIAGNOSTICS FOR THIN FILM processingUploaded bypasargad135106
- 2.IJAERDJUN20172Uploaded byTJPRC Publications
- Nano-Magnetic Materials Synthesis Using Plasma Focus DeviceUploaded byiwpda2009
- A_Física_Quântica_e_o_Esoterismo.docUploaded bycarlosgiganteuolcombr
- Physical Properties of Dense Low Temperature Plasmas.pdfUploaded byAjit Upadhyay
- Document 2 (3)Uploaded bySagar K Rao
- ChemistryUploaded byAman Shah
- Pmfias.com-Sun Internal Structure AtmosphereUploaded byChandra Rao
- top-20-physics-interview-questionsUploaded byapi-275621984
- plasma generation and plasma sourcesUploaded byXtramad
- Band Theory 1Uploaded byAchmad Ariebyo
- 10.1063@1.4995510.pdfUploaded byManendra Chaudhry
- States of MatterUploaded byIoan Matei
- IIT JEE Advanced Sample Question Paper With Detailed Solutions 1Uploaded byManish Pilania
- Electron MovementUploaded byBobby Black
- Campbell Stress-Tensor 1989Uploaded byAinu
- p1 us1 2015Uploaded byjgd2080
- lap reoprt 1Uploaded byapi-350815927
- 269fc7b5d673c4f7845be04ab516ac26Uploaded byJuan Jerez
- Diffusion-in-Polymers.pdfUploaded byJavier Francesconi
- 2d collision examplesUploaded byNaveed Ahmed
- AQA-PA01-W-QP-Jun02Uploaded bybruce almighty
- vir thmUploaded byjohnsmith37758
- Test Collisions to Stiffness CoefficientsUploaded byAndre Silva
- SPLBE Civil Engineering Review -TerminologiesUploaded byFred Anthony A. Uera
- AirTrackCollisionsMC-11b.pdfUploaded byLiya Kholida
- 97_physUploaded byLani Lizza Buela
- Multiple Choice Exam Sheet Final 2015Uploaded bySyamala Natarajan
- BPHE-101_ 2014__EUploaded bySourabh Hajra
- Sample-Questions.pdfUploaded byAmit D J

- G. Kulcsár et al- Intense Picosecond X-Ray Pulses from Laser Plasmas by Use of Nanostructured “Velvet” TargetsUploaded byOlyves
- Jaroslav Kuba et al- Modeling of the transient nickellike silver x-ray laserUploaded byOlyves
- J. J. Rocca- Table-top soft x-ray lasersUploaded byOlyves
- Y. Wang et al- High-Brightness Injection-Seeded Soft-X-Ray-Laser Amplifier Using a Solid TargetUploaded byOlyves
- J. J. Rocca et al- Soft-x-ray laser interferometry of a plasma with a tabletop laser and a Lloyd’s mirrorUploaded byMutrexcz
- L. Rymell, M. Berglund, and H. M. Hertz- Debris-free single-line laser-plasma x-ray source for microscopyUploaded byOlyves
- G.H. Tallents et al- A review of X-ray laser development at Rutherford Appleton LaboratoryUploaded byOlyves
- J. Trebes et al- Progress Report on the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Soft X-Ray Laser ProgramUploaded byOlyves
- Kengo Moribayashi, Takashi Kagawa and Dong Eon Kim- X-ray emission from inner-shell ionization of Ne-like ionsUploaded byOlyves
- J. N. Corlett et al- Techniques for synchronization of X-ray pulses to the pump laser in an ultrafast X-ray facilityUploaded byOlyves
- Paul L. Csonka- Suggestion for X-ray laser holographyUploaded byOlyves
- David E. Moncton- X-ray Laser User Facility at Bates LaboratoryUploaded byOlyves
- V.Yu. Politov and M.K. Shinkarev- An x-ray laser operating on 2S-2P transitions of a Ne-like ionUploaded byOlyves
- Wen-zhong Huang et al- Ti X-ray laser shadowgraphy experimentUploaded byOlyves
- R. Kuroda et al- Development of Photocathode RF Gun and Laser System for Multi-Collision Laser Compton ScatteringUploaded byOlyves
- J.Ramírez, J.Sanz and R.Ramis- Numerical simulation with MULTI code vs. analytical model in ablative Rayleigh Taylor mode gener ationUploaded byOlyves
- Joseph Nilsen- Legacy of the X-Ray Laser ProgramUploaded byOlyves
- F I Allen et al- Charge exchange of highly charged argon ions as a function of projectile energyUploaded byOlyves
- J.J. Rocca et al- Extremely compact soft X-ray lasers based on capillary dischargesUploaded byOlyves
- Joseph Nilsen et al- Self-photopumped neonlike x-ray laserUploaded byOlyves
- J.S. Helman, C. Rau and C.F. Bunge- X-ray laser implementation by means of a strong source of high-spin metastable atomsUploaded byOlyves
- Max Seminario et al- Characterization of diffraction gratings by use of a tabletop soft-x-ray laserUploaded byOlyves
- Zhanshan Wang et al- Fabrication of the beam splitters for soft X-ray laser applicationUploaded byOlyves
- A. S. Wan et al- Electron Density Measurement of a Colliding Plasma Using Soft X-Ray Laser InterferometryUploaded byOlyves
- J. Filevich et al- Observation of multiply ionized plasmas with dominant bound electron contribution to the index of refractionUploaded byOlyves
- Jorge Filevich et al- Prediction and observation of tin and silver plasmas with index of refraction greater than one in the soft X-ray rangeUploaded byOlyves
- S. Suckewer et al- Recent Progress in Soft X-Ray Laser Development at PrincetonUploaded byOlyves
- J. Dunn et al- Picosecond 14.7 nm interferometry of high intensity laser-produced plasmasUploaded byOlyves
- B. Aurand et al- X-ray laser developments at PHELIXUploaded byOlyves

- Computer Software-PPT.pptUploaded bymarieta bandiala
- SIBL Final Copy CopyUploaded byAsiburRahman
- DissertationUploaded bydctora2013
- globalissuesreport rubio finalUploaded byapi-439568976
- Kaspersky Internet Security ReportUploaded byAkhil Raju
- Harmonic Reactor - Marina JacobiUploaded bymikinote
- Foti Et Al-2017-Bulletin of Earthquake EngineeringUploaded bySantino
- SETEC Candidature - Fondation Louis Vuitton _1Uploaded bySneha Susan John
- Civ Str April 2015 Combined2Uploaded byMohamed Omer Hassan
- Various Types of Faults and Their Detection Techniquesin Three Phase Induction Motors FaultUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- As 2134.3-1994 Recommended Practice for Chemical Analysis by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Vapour GenerationUploaded bySAI Global - APAC
- Guide 51Uploaded byPlinio Cabrera
- Azure IaaS Overview.pdfUploaded byjimmy_sam001
- February 21, 2015Uploaded byThe Delphos Herald
- Psych118_journal critique.docxUploaded byM Lapuz
- Giorgio Ciucci - The Invention of the Modern MovementUploaded bymarianacontasete
- Reducing Wear of a Coal Reclaimer Belt Feeder Through DEM AnalysisUploaded byBin Chen
- Teacher's EditionUploaded byBeymarFloresLizarazu
- HVAC Controls Operation and Maintenance 3edUploaded byPrecisionetics
- CADvent 5.0 UK manual.pdfUploaded byAndreea Jitarasu
- Know about Unique Device Identifier (UDI) | DDiUploaded byDDi
- Review PaperUploaded byPradeep Dwivedi
- ASMUploaded byMerryll Capucao
- SOLIDARITY CADRE SCHOOLUploaded bymatthewharrell
- Final_JEMA_TumbatuAssessment.pdfUploaded bymomo177sasa
- GISUploaded bynomoreeg
- SIX SIGMAUploaded byJnnrsh
- Beyond BudgetingUploaded byantishrillwebdesign
- ICT in English LearningUploaded byyessi
- Waifu Manifesto 20171215Uploaded byDany Tomoe