Sie sind auf Seite 1von 100

Relion 615 series

Feeder Protection and Control REF615 ANSI Application Manual

Document ID: 1MAC109554 Issued: 01/20/2010 Revision: C Product version: 2.0

Copyright 2010 ABB. All rights reserved

Copyright
This document and parts thereof must not be reproduced or copied without written permission from ABB, and the contents thereof must not be imparted to a third party, nor used for any unauthorized purpose. The software or hardware described in this document is furnished under a license and may be used, copied, or disclosed only in accordance with the terms of such license.

Trademarks
ABB and Relion are registered trademarks of ABB Group. All other brand or product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

Warranty
Please inquire about the terms of warranty from your nearest ABB representative.
ABB Inc. Distribution Automation 4300 Coral Ridge Drive Coral Springs, FL 33065, USA Toll-free: 1 (800) 523-2620 Phone: +1 954-752-6700 Fax: +1 954 345-5329 http://www.abb.com/substationautomation

Disclaimer
The data, examples and diagrams in this manual are included solely for the concept or product description and are not to be deemed as a statement of guaranteed properties. All persons responsible for applying the equipment addressed in this manual must satisfy themselves that each intended application is suitable and acceptable, including that any applicable safety or other operational requirements are complied with. In particular, any risks in applications where a system failure and/or product failure would create a risk for harm to property or persons (including but not limited to personal injuries or death) shall be the sole responsibility of the person or entity applying the equipment, and those so responsible are hereby requested to ensure that all measures are taken to exclude or mitigate such risks. This document has been carefully checked by ABB but deviations cannot be completely ruled out. In case any errors are detected, the reader is kindly requested to notify the manufacturer. Other than under explicit contractual commitments, in no event shall ABB be responsible or liable for any loss or damage resulting from the use of this manual or the application of the equipment.

Conformity
This product complies with the directive of the Council of the European Communities on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility (EMC Directive 2004/108/EC) and concerning electrical equipment for use within specified voltage limits (Low-voltage directive 2006/95/EC). This conformity is the result of tests conducted by ABB in accordance with the product standards EN 50263 and EN 60255-26 for the EMC directive, and with the product standards EN 60255-6 and EN 60255-27 for the low voltage directive. The IED is designed in accordance with the international standards of the IEC 60255 series and ANSI C37.90.

Table of contents

Table of contents
Section 1 Introduction............................................................................5
This manual..............................................................................................5 Intended audience....................................................................................5 Product documentation.............................................................................6 Product documentation set..................................................................6 Document revision history...................................................................7 Related documentation........................................................................8 Symbols and conventions.........................................................................8 Safety indication symbols....................................................................8 Manual conventions.............................................................................9 Functions, codes and symbols............................................................9

Section 2

REF615 overview................................................................13
Overview.................................................................................................13 Product version history......................................................................14 PCM600 and IED connectivity package version................................14 Operation functionality............................................................................15 Optional features...............................................................................15 Physical hardware..................................................................................15 Local HMI................................................................................................17 LCD....................................................................................................18 LEDs..................................................................................................18 Keypad..............................................................................................19 Web HMI.................................................................................................19 Authorization...........................................................................................20 Communication.......................................................................................21

Section 3

REF615 variants..................................................................23
REF615 variant list.................................................................................23 Presentation of standard configurations.................................................23 Standard configurations ....................................................................24 Connection diagrams.........................................................................27 Standard Configuration FA01: Current inputs only.................................29 Applications.......................................................................................29 Functions...........................................................................................29 Default I/O connections................................................................31

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

Table of contents

Functional diagrams..........................................................................33 Functional diagrams for protection...............................................34 Functional diagrams for digital fault recorder and trip circuit monitoring.....................................................................................40 Functional diagrams for control and interlocking..........................44 Functional diagram for optional ARC flash detection and autoreclosing................................................................................48 Functional diagram for optional additional ground overcurrent protection...................................................................50 Optional sensitive earth fault and high impedance fault detection.......................................................................................52 Standard configuration FA02: Current and voltage inputs......................53 Applications.......................................................................................53 Functions...........................................................................................54 Default I/O connections................................................................56 Functional diagrams..........................................................................58 Functional diagrams for protection...............................................58 Functional diagrams for digital fault recorder and trip circuit monitoring.....................................................................................64 Functional diagrams for control and interlocking..........................67 Functional diagram for voltage protections...................................72 Functional diagram for optional ARC flash detection and autoreclosing................................................................................73 Functional diagram for optional additional ground overcurrent protection...................................................................75 Optional sensitive earth fault and high impedance fault detection.......................................................................................76

Section 4

Requirements for measurement transformers.....................79


Current transformers...............................................................................79 Current transformer requirements for non-directional overcurrent protection........................................................................79 Current transformer accuracy class and accuracy limit factor.............................................................................................79 Non-directional overcurrent protection.........................................80 Example for non-directional overcurrent protection......................82

Section 5

IED physical connections....................................................83


Inputs......................................................................................................83 Energizing inputs...............................................................................83 Phase currents.............................................................................83 Ground current.............................................................................83

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

Table of contents

Phase voltages.............................................................................83 Ground voltage.............................................................................84 Auxiliary supply voltage input............................................................84 Binary inputs......................................................................................84 Optional light sensor inputs...............................................................86 Outputs...................................................................................................86 Outputs for tripping and controlling....................................................86 Outputs for signalling.........................................................................87 IRF.....................................................................................................88

Section 6

Glossary..............................................................................89

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 1 Introduction

Section 1

Introduction

1.1

This manual
The application manual contains application descriptions and setting guidelines sorted per function. The manual can be used to find out when and for what purpose a typical protection function can be used. The manual can also be used when calculating settings.

1.2

Intended audience
This manual addresses the protection and control engineer responsible for planning, preengineering and engineering. The protection and control engineer must be experienced in electrical power engineering and have knowledge of related technology, such as communication and protocols.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

Section 1 Introduction

1MAC109554 C

1.3
1.3.1

Product documentation
Product documentation set
Decommissioning deinstalling & disposal Planning & purchase

Commissioning

Engineering

Engineering manual Installation manual Commissioning manual Operation manual Service manual Application manual Technical manual Communication protocol manual en07000220.vsd
IEC07000220 V1 EN

Figure 1:

The intended use of manuals in different lifecycles

The engineering manual contains instructions on how to engineer the IEDs using the different tools in PCM600. The manual provides instructions on how to set up a PCM600 project and insert IEDs to the project structure. The manual also recommends a sequence for engineering of protection and control functions, LHMI functions as well as communication engineering for IEC 61850 and DNP3. The installation manual contains instructions on how to install the IED. The manual provides procedures for mechanical and electrical installation. The chapters are organized in chronological order in which the IED should be installed. The commissioning manual contains instructions on how to commission the IED. The manual can also be used by system engineers and maintenance personnel for assistance
6 REF615 ANSI Application Manual

Operation

Installing

Maintenance

1MAC109554 C

Section 1 Introduction

during the testing phase. The manual provides procedures for checking of external circuitry and energizing the IED, parameter setting and configuration as well as verifying settings by secondary injection. The manual describes the process of testing an IED in a substation which is not in service. The chapters are organized in chronological order in which the IED should be commissioned. The operation manual contains instructions on how to operate the IED once it has been commissioned. The manual provides instructions for monitoring, controlling and setting the IED. The manual also describes how to identify disturbances and how to view calculated and measured power grid data to determine the cause of a fault. The service manual contains instructions on how to service and maintain the IED. The manual also provides procedures for de-energizing, de-commissioning and disposal of the IED. The application manual contains application descriptions and setting guidelines sorted per function. The manual can be used to find out when and for what purpose a typical protection function can be used. The manual can also be used when calculating settings. The technical manual contains application and functionality descriptions and lists function blocks, logic diagrams, input and output signals, setting parameters and technical data sorted per function. The manual can be used as a technical reference during the engineering phase, installation and commissioning phase, and during normal service. The communication protocol manual describes a communication protocol supported by the IED. The manual concentrates on vendor-specific implementations. The point list manual describes the outlook and properties of the data points specific to the IED. The manual should be used in conjunction with the corresponding communication protocol manual. Some of the manuals are not available yet.

1.3.2

Document revision history


Document revision/date A/03/28/2008 B/12/22/2008 C/01/20/2010 Product version 1.0.1 1.1 2.0 History First release Content updated to correspond to the product version Content updated to correspond to the product version

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

Section 1 Introduction

1MAC109554 C

Download the latest documents from the ABB web site http:// www.abb.com/substationautomation.

1.3.3

Related documentation
Name of the document Modbus Communication Protocol Manual DNP3 Communication Protocol Manual IEC 61850 Engineering Guide Installation Manual Operation Manual Technical Manual Document ID 1MAC052634-MB 1MAC052460-MB 1MAC106231-MB 1MAC051065-MB 1MAC050592-MB 1MAC050144-MB

1.4
1.4.1

Symbols and conventions


Safety indication symbols
The electrical warning icon indicates the presence of a hazard which could result in electrical shock.

The warning icon indicates the presence of a hazard which could result in personal injury.

The caution icon indicates important information or warning related to the concept discussed in the text. It might indicate the presence of a hazard which could result in corruption of software or damage to equipment or property.

The information icon alerts the reader to important facts and conditions.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 1 Introduction

The tip icon indicates advice on, for example, how to design your project or how to use a certain function. Although warning hazards are related to personal injury, it should be understood that operation of damaged equipment could, under certain operational conditions, result in degraded process performance leading to personal injury or death. Therefore, comply fully with all warning and caution notices.

1.4.2

Manual conventions
Conventions used in IED manuals. A particular convention may not be used in this manual. Abbreviations and acronyms in this manual are spelled out in the glossary. The glossary also contains definitions of important terms. Push button navigation in the LHMI menu structure is presented by using the push button icons, for example: To navigate between the options, use and . HMI menu paths are presented in bold, for example: Select Main menu/Settings. LHMI messages are shown in Courier font, for example: To save the changes in non-volatile memory, select Yes and press . Parameter names are shown in italics, for example: The function can be enabled and disabled with the Operation setting. Parameter values are indicated with quotation marks, for example: The corresponding parameter values are "Enabled" and "Disabled". IED input/output messages and monitored data names are shown in Courier font, for example: When the function picks up, the PICKUP output is set to TRUE. Dimensions are provided both in inches and mm. If it is not specifically mentioned then the dimension is in mm.

1.4.3

Functions, codes and symbols


Table 1:
Function Protection Three-phase transformer inrush detector Cold load timer 1 (Seconds) Cold load timer 2 (Minutes) Table continues on next page INRPHAR1 TPSGAPC1 TPMGAPC1 3I2f> TPS(1) TPM(1) INR 62CLD-1 62CLD-2

REF615 functions, codes and symbols


IEC 61850 IEC 60617 ANSI

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

Section 1 Introduction
Function Three-phase non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage Three-phase non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection Three-phase non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 1 Three-phase non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 2 Three-phase non-directional long time overcurrent protection Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage (Calculated) Ground non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection, (Calculated) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 1 (Calculated) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 2 (Calculated) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 1 (Measured) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 2 (Measured) Negative sequence non-directional time overcurrent protection 1 Negative sequence non-directional time overcurrent protection 2 Phase discontinuity protection Three-phase thermal protection for feeders, cables and distribution transformers Circuit breaker failure protection Loss of load protection Three phase overvoltage protection, stage 1 Three phase overvoltage protection, stage 2 Three-phase undervoltage protection, stage 1 Three-phase undervoltage protection, stage 2 Ground overvoltage protection Negative sequence overvoltage protection Directional ground-fault protection, low stage Directional ground-fault protection, high stage 1 Directional ground-fault protection, high stage 2 Three-phase directional overcurrent protection, low stage Table continues on next page 10 IEC 61850 PHLPTOC1 PHIPTOC1 PHHPTOC1 PHHPTOC2 PHLTPTOC1 EFLPTOC2 EFIPTOC2 EFHPTOC3 EFHPTOC4 EFHPTOC1 EFHPTOC2 NSPTOC1 NSPTOC2 PDNSPTOC1 T1PTTR1 CCBRBRF1 LOFLPTUC1 PHPTOV1 PHPTOV2 PHPTUV1 PHPTUV2 ROVPTOV1 NSPTOV1 DEFLPDEF1 DEFLPDEF2 DEFHPDEF1 DPHLPDOC1 IEC 60617 3I>(1) 3I>>>(1) 3I>>(1) 3I>>(2) 3I>(3) I0>(2) I0>>> (2) I0>> (3) I0>> (4) I0>> (1) I0>> (2) I2>(1) I2>(2) I2/I1> 3Ith>F 3I>/IoBF(1) 3I< 3U>(1) 3U>(2) 3U<(1) 3U<(2) U0>(1) U2> I0>->(1) I0>->(2) I0>>->(1) 3I>->(1)

1MAC109554 C

ANSI 51P 50P-3 50P-1 50P-2 51LT 51N 50N-3 50N-1 50N-2 50G-1 50G-2 46-1 46-2 46PD 49F 50BF 37 59-1 59-2 27-1 27-2 59G 47 67/51N 67/50N -1 67/50N -2 67/51P

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 1 Introduction
Function Three-phase directional overcurrent protection, high stage 1 Three-phase directional overcurrent protection, high stage 2 Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage (Measured) Ground non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection, (Measured) Non-directional sensitive earth-fault protection Arc flash detector 1 Arc flash detector 2 Arc flash detector 3 Low impedance restricted ground fault protection High impedance fault detector Control Autoreclosing Circuit Breaker Control Supervision and monitoring Circuit breaker condition monitoring Trip circuit monitoring 1 Trip circuit monitoring 2 Current circuit supervision Fuse failure supervision Measurement Three-phase current measurement Three-phase voltage measurement Sequence current measurement Sequence voltage measurement Three-phase power and energy measurement Ground current measurement Ground voltage measurement Digital fault recorder Sequence of events recorder Fault recorder Electrically latched/self resetting trip output 1 Electrically latched/self resetting trip output 2 CMMXU1 VMMXU1 CSMSQI1 VSMSQI1 PEMMXU1 RESCMMXU1 RESVMMXU1 RDRE1 SER FLTMSTA TRPPTRC1 TRPPTRC2 3I 3U I1,I2,I0 U1,U2,U0 P,E I0 U0 DR SER FR Trip(1) Trip(2) IA, IB, IC VA,VB,VC I1, I2, I0 V1,V2,V0 P,E IG VG DFR SER FLR 86/94-1 86/94-2 SSCBR1 TCSSCBR1 TCSSCBR2 CCRDIF1 SEQRFUF1 CBCM TCS(1) TCS(2) MCS 3I FUSEF 52CM TCM-1 TCM-2 CCM 60 DARREC1 CBXCBR1 O->I I<->O CB 79 52-1 IEC 61850 DPHLPDOC2 DPHHPDOC1 EFLPTOC1 EFIPTOC1 EFLPTOC3 ARCSARC1 ARCSARC2 ARCSARC3 LREFPNDF1 PHIZ1 IEC 60617 3I>->(2) 3I>>->(1) I0>(1) I0>>> (1) I0>(3) ARC(1) ARC(2) ARC(3) dIoLo> PHIZ1 ANSI 67/50P-1 67/50P-2 51G 50G-3 50SEF AFD-1 AFD-2 AFD-3 87LOZREF HIZ

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

11

12

1MAC109554 C

Section 2 REF615 overview

Section 2

REF615 overview

2.1

Overview
REF615 is a dedicated feeder IED (intelligent electronic device) designed for the protection, control, measurement and supervision of utility substations and industrial power systems. REF615 is a member of ABBs Relion product family and part of its 615 protection and control product series. The 615 series IEDs are characterized by their compactness and withdrawable design. Re-engineered from the ground up, the 615 series has been designed to unleash the full potential of the IEC 61850 standard for communication and interoperability between substation automation devices. The IED provides main protection for overhead lines and cable feeders in distribution networks. The IED is also used as back-up protection in applications, where an independent and redundant protection system is required. Depending on the chosen standard configuration, the IED is adapted for the protection of overhead line and cable feeders in isolated neutral, resistance earthed, compensated and solidly earthed networks. Once the standard configuration IED has been given the application-specific settings, it can directly be put into service. The 615 series IEDs support a range of communication protocols including IEC 61850 with GOOSE messaging, Modbus and DNP3.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

13

Section 2 REF615 overview 2.1.1 Product version history


Product version 1.0.1 1.1 Product history Product released 2.0

1MAC109554 C

Circuit breaker condition monitoring Replaced EFIPTOC3 with EFLPTOC3 New communication modules COMB11A, COMB12A, COMB13A and COMB14A IRIG-B CB interlocking functionality enhanced TCS functionality in HW enhanced Non-volatile memory added Serial communications Support for DNP3 serial or TCP/IP Voltage measurement and protection Power and energy measurement Disturbance recorder upload via WHMI Fuse failure supervision

2.1.2

PCM600 and IED connectivity package version


Protection and Control IED Manager PCM600 Ver. 2.0 SP2 or later IED Connectivity Package REF615 ANSI Ver. 1.2 or later Parameter Setting Firmware Update Disturbance Handling Signal Monitoring Lifecycle Traceability Signal Matrix Communication Management Configuration Wizard Label Printing IED User Management IED Users

Download connectivity packages from the ABB web site http:// www.abb.com/substationautomation

14

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 2 REF615 overview

2.2
2.2.1

Operation functionality
Optional features
Arc flash detector with three sensors Optional arc flash detectors can be added to all standard configurations. Optional BIO (7 BI + 3 BO) can be added to all standard configurations. Additional BIOs: 7BI+3BO Autorecloser

2.3

Physical hardware
The IED consists of two main parts: plug-in unit and case. The plug-in unit content depends on the ordered functionality.
Table 2:
Main unit Plug-in unit X100

Plug-in unit and case


Slot ID Content options HMI Auxiliary power/BO module Large (8 lines, 16 characters) 48-250 V DC/100-240 V AC; or 24-60 V DC 2 normally-open PO contacts 1 change-over SO contacts 1 normally-open SO contact 2 double-pole PO contacts with TCS 1 dedicated internal fault output contact Only with configurations FA01 and FA02 8 BIs 4 SO contacts With configurations FA01 and FA02 3 phase current inputs (1/5 A) 1 residual current input (1/5 A or 0.2/1 A) 4 BIs Only with configuration FA01 6 BIs 3 SO contacts Only with configuration FA02 3 phase voltage inputs (100, 110, 115 or 120 V) 1 residual voltage input (100, 110, 115 or 120 V) 4 BIs See technical manual for details about different type of communication modules.

X110

BI/O module

X120

AI/BI module

Case

X130

Optional BI/O module AI/BI module

X000

Optional communication module

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

15

Section 2 REF615 overview

1MAC109554 C

The rated input levels are selected in the IED software for phase current and ground current. The binary input thresholds 18...176 V DC are selected by adjusting the IED's parameter settings. The optional BIO module can be added in the IED to all standard configurations. The connection diagrams of different hardware modules are presented in this manual. See the installation manual for more information about the case and the plug-in unit.

Table 3:
Conf. FA01 FA02

Number of physical connections in standard configurations


CT 4 Analog channels VT 0 4 BI 4 16 Binary channels BO 6 10

3 or 4

16

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 2 REF615 overview

2.4

Local HMI

A070704-ANSI V1 EN

Figure 2:

LHMI

The LHMI of the IED contains the following elements: Display Buttons LED indicators Communication port

The LHMI is used for setting, monitoring and controlling.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

17

Section 2 REF615 overview 2.4.1 LCD

1MAC109554 C

The LHMI includes a graphical LCD that supports two character sizes. The character size depends on the selected language.
Table 4:
Character size Large, variable width (13x14 pixels)

Characters and rows on the view


Rows in view 4 rows 8 rows with large screen Characters on row min 8

The display view is divided into four basic areas.


1 2

A070705-ANSI V2 EN

Figure 3:
1 Header 2 Icon 3 Content

Display layout

4 Scroll bar (displayed when needed)

2.4.2

LEDs
The LHMI includes three protection indicators above the display: Normal, Pickup and Trip. There are also 11 matrix programmable alarm LEDs on front of the LHMI. The LEDs can be configured with PCM600 and the operation mode can be selected with the LHMI, WHMI or PCM600.

18

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 2 REF615 overview

There are two additional LEDs which are embedded into the control buttons . They represent the status of the circuit breaker.

and

2.4.3

Keypad
The LHMI keypad contains push-buttons which are used to navigate in different views or menus. With the push-buttons you can give open or close commands to one primary object, for example, a circuit breaker, disconnector or switch. The push-buttons are also used to acknowledge alarms, reset indications, provide help and switch between local and remote control mode.

A071176-ANSI V1 EN

Figure 4:

LHMI keypad with object control, navigation and command pushbuttons and RJ-45 communication port

2.5

Web HMI
The WHMI enables the user to access the IED via a web browser. The supported web browser version is Internet Explorer 7.0 or later. WHMI is enabled by default.

WHMI offers several functions. Alarm indications and event lists System supervision Parameter settings

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

19

Section 2 REF615 overview

1MAC109554 C

Measurement display Oscillographic records Phasor diagram

The menu tree structure on the WHMI is almost identical to the one on the LHMI.

A070754-ANSI V2 EN

Figure 5:

Example view of the WHMI

The WHMI can be accessed locally and remotely. Locally by connecting your laptop to the IED via the front communication port. Remotely over LAN/WAN.

2.6

Authorization
The user categories have been predefined for the LHMI and the WHMI, each with different rights and default passwords. The default passwords can be changed with Administrator user rights.

20

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 2 REF615 overview

User authorization is disabled by default but WHMI always uses authorization.

Table 5:
Username VIEWER OPERATOR

Predefined user categories


User rights Read only access Selecting remote or local state with (only locally) Changing setting groups Controlling Clearing alarm and indication LEDs and textual indications Changing settings Clearing event list Clearing DFRs Changing system settings such as IP address, serial baud rate or DFR settings Setting the IED to test mode Selecting language All listed above Changing password Factory default activation

ENGINEER

ADMINISTRATOR

For user authorization for PCM600, see PCM600 documentation.

2.7

Communication
The IED supports different communication protocols: IEC 61850, Modbus and DNP 3.0 Level 2 - all using TCP/IP. DNP3 and Modbus also support serial communication. Operational information and controls are available through these protocols. However, some communication functionality, for example, horizontal peer-to-peer communication between the IEDs and parameters setting, is only enabled by the IEC 61850 communication protocol. The IEC 61850 communication implementation supports all monitoring and control functions. Additionally, parameter setting and DFR records can be accessed using the IEC 61850 protocol. Oscillographic files are available to any Ethernet-based application in the standard COMTRADE format. Further, the IED can send and receive binary signals from other IEDs (so called horizontal communication) using the IEC61850-8-1 GOOSE profile, where the highest performance class with a total

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

21

Section 2 REF615 overview

1MAC109554 C

transmission time of 3 ms is supported. The IED meets the GOOSE performance requirements for tripping applications in distribution substations, as defined by the IEC 61850 standard. The IED can simultaneously report events to five different clients on the station bus. All communication connectors, except for the front port connector, are placed on integrated optional communication modules. The IED can be connected to Ethernetbased communication systems via the RJ-45 connector (100BASE-TX) or the fiberoptic LC connector (100BASE-FX). An optional serial interface is available for RS-232/RS-485 communication.

22

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

Section 3

REF615 variants

3.1

REF615 variant list


REF615 is intended for protection and control mainly in MV feeder applications. The product has two standard configurations covering a wide range of primary circuit configurations in distribution networks based on different system grounding methods. Some of the functions included in the IED's standard configurations are optional at the time of placing the order. The description of standard configurations covers the full functionality including options, presenting the functionality, flexibility and external connections of REF615 with a specific configuration as delivered from the factory.

3.2

Presentation of standard configurations


Functional diagrams
The functional diagrams describe the IED's functionality from the protection, measuring, condition monitoring, recording, control and interlocking perspective. Diagrams show the default functionality with simple symbol logics forming principle diagrams. The external connections to primary devices are also shown, stating the default connections to measuring transformers. The positive measuring direction is towards the outgoing feeder, away from the bus bar. The functional diagrams are divided into sections with each section constituting one functional entity. The external connections are also divided into sections. Only the relevant connections for a particular functional entity are presented in each section. Protection function blocks are part of the functional diagram. They are identified based on their ANSI function number/acronym, but the IEC based symbol and the IEC 61850 names are also included. Some function blocks are used several times in the configuration. To separate the blocks from each other, the IEC 61850 name and ANSI function number are appended with a running number, that is an instance number, from one upwards. The IEDs internal functionality and the external connections are separated with a dashed line presenting the IEDs physical casing.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

23

Section 3 REF615 variants


Signal Matrix

1MAC109554 C

With Signal Matrix in PCM600 the user can modify the standard configuration according to the actual needs. The IED is delivered from the factory with default connections described in the functional diagrams for BI's, BO's, function to function connections and alarm LEDs. Signal Matrix has a number of different page views, designated as follows: Binary input Binary output Functions

There are four IED variant-specific setting groups. Parameters can be set independently for each setting group. The active setting group (1...4) can be changed with a parameter. The active setting group can also be changed via a binary input if the binary input is enabled for this. To enable the change of the active setting group via a binary input, connect a free binary input with PCM600 to the ActSG input of the SGCB-block.
Table 6:
BI state OFF ON

Binary input states and corresponding active setting groups


Active setting group 1 2

The active setting group defined by a parameter is overridden when a binary input is enabled for changing the active setting group.

3.2.1

Standard configurations
The feeder protection IED REF615 is available with two alternative standard configurations.
Table 7:
Description Current inputs only Current and voltage inputs

Standard configurations
Std conf. FA01 FA02

24

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

Table 8:

Supported functions
Std config. FA01 Std config. FA02

Standard configuration functionality

Protection Three-phase transformer inrush detector Three-phase non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage Three-phase non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 1 Three-phase non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 2 Three-phase non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection Three-phase non-directional long time overcurrent protection Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage (Measured) Non-directional sensitive earth-fault protection Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 1 (Measured) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 2 (Measured) Ground non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection (Measured) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage (Calculated) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 1 (Calculated) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 2 (Calculated) Ground non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection (Calculated) Three phase overvoltage protection, stage 1 Three phase overvoltage protection, stage 2 Three-phase undervoltage protection, stage 1 Three-phase undervoltage protection, stage 2 Ground overvoltage protection Negative sequence overvoltage protection Directional ground-fault protection, low stage Directional ground-fault protection, high stage 1 Directional ground-fault protection, high stage 2 Three-phase directional overcurrent protection, low stage Three-phase directional overcurrent protection, high stage 1 Three-phase directional overcurrent protection, high stage 2 Negative sequence non-directional time overcurrent protection 1 Negative sequence non-directional time overcurrent protection 2 Phase discontinuity protection Three-phase thermal protection for feeders, cables and distribution transformers Loss of load protection Low impedance restricted ground-fault protection Table continues on next page REF615 ANSI Application Manual 25

Section 3 REF615 variants


Standard configuration functionality

1MAC109554 C

Std config. FA01

Std config. FA02

Cold load timer 1 (Seconds) Cold load timer 2 (Minutes) Arc flash detection with three sensors High impedance fault detector Circuit breaker failure protection Control Autoreclosing Circuit breaker control Supervision and monitoring Circuit breaker condition monitoring Trip-circuit monitoring of two trip circuits Current circuit supervision Fuse failure supervision Measurement Three-phase current measurement Three-phase voltage measurement Sequence current measurement Sequence voltage measurement Ground current measurement Ground voltage measurement Three-phase power and energy measurement Disturbance recorder Sequence of events recorder Fault recorder Electrically latched/self resetting trip output 1 and 2 = Included, = Optional at the time of the order

26

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants Connection diagrams


A B C

3.2.2

REF615
X120 1 2 3 X100

+
BI 1 Vaux

1 2 3

BI 2

IRF 4 5 PO1

IED FAILURE ALARM

4
P1

BI 3

S1 S2

5 6 7 8 9

BI 4 IA

BREAKER CLOSE 6 7 PO2 BREAKER FAILURE 8 9 10 SO1 COMMON PICKUP 11 12 13 SO2 COMMON TRIP 14

P2

IB 10 11 IC 12 13 IG 14

52 A B C

NOT AVAILABLE WITH CONFIGURATION AA

ONLY FOR CONFIGURATION AA

X110 1 2 3 4 5 6 BI 3 PO4 BI 4 TCM-2 BI 5 BI 1 PO3

16 17 15 19 18 20 22 21 23 24 X110 MASTER TRIP 1

BI 2

TCM-1

MASTER TRIP 2

7 8 9

10 11 12

BI 6 SO1 BI 7 SO2

14 16 15 17 19 18 20 SO3 22 21 23 SO4 24 X130 10 SO1 12 11 13 SO2 15 14 16 SO3 18 17

13

BI 8

X130 1 2 BI 1
1)

3 4 5

BI 2

BI 3
1)

6 7 8

BI 4

BI 5

BI 6

X1 LAN
1) 2)

X5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 GND GNDC IRIG-BIRIG-B+ AGND B/- TX A/+ TX B/- RX A/+ RX


1)

X13 Light sensor input 1 X14 Light sensor input 2 X15 Light sensor input 3 1) Optional 2) 100BaseFX / LC or 100BaseTX / RJ-45
1) 1) 1)

GUID-A7A9B265-EF15-4220-8319-7337B50977D0 V1 EN

Figure 6:
REF615 ANSI Application Manual

Connection diagram for configuration FA01


27

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

A B C A N n a da dn X120 1 2 3 4
P1 S1 S2

REF615
BI 1 BI 2 BI 3 PO1 BI 4 IA IB IC IG SO2 14 BI 1 BI 2 BI 3 BI 4 TCM-2 Not in use VA VB VC VG SO2 PO3 16 17 15 19 18 20 22 21 23 24 X110 14 SO1 16 15 17 19 18 20 22 21 23 SO4 BI 1 BI 2 BI 3 BI 4 BI 5 BI 6 BI 7 BI 8 24 MASTER TRIP 1 SO1 11 12 13 6 7 PO2 8 9 10 Vaux

X100 1 2 3 4 5 IED FAILURE ALARM

IRF

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 X13 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

BREAKER CLOSE

P2

BREAKER FAILURE

52 A B C

COMMON PICKUP

COMMON TRIP

TCM-1

PO4

MASTER TRIP 2

SO3

X110 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 X1 LAN X5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X13 X14 X15 GND GNDC IRIG-BIRIG-B+ AGND B/- TX A/+ TX B/- RX A/+ RX
1)

1) 2)

1)

Light sensor input 1

Light sensor input 2 Light sensor input 3

1)

1)

1) Optional 2) 100BaseFX / LC or 100BaseTX / RJ-45

GUID-E3D5CE1A-5EB8-4D7B-B52F-CD420869B354 V1 EN

Figure 7:

Connection diagram for configuration FA02

28

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

3.3
3.3.1

Standard Configuration FA01: Current inputs only


Applications
The standard configuration FA01 is meant for current inputs only. It is mainly intended for cable and overhead-line feeder applications in directly or resistance grounded distribution networks. The IED with this standard configuration is delivered from the factory with the default settings and parameters. The end-user flexibility for incoming, outgoing and internal signal designation within the IED enables this configuration to be further adapted to different primary circuit layouts and the related functionality needs by modifying the internal functionality using PCM600. As a security measure, all functions except 51P are disabled.

3.3.2

Functions
Table 9:
Function Included functions Three-phase current measurement Sequence current measurement Three-phase transformer inrush detector Cold load timer 1 (Seconds) Cold load timer 2 (Minutes) Three-phase non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage Three-phase non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 1 Three-phase non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 2 Three-phase non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection Three-phase non-directional long time overcurrent protection Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage (Calculated) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 1 (Calculated) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 2 (Calculated) Table continues on next page CMMXU1 CSMSQI1 INRPHAR1 TPSGAPC1 TPMGAPC1 PHLPTOC1 PHHPTOC1 PHHPTOC2 PHIPTOC1 PHLTPTOC1 EFLPTOC2 EFHPTOC3 EFHPTOC4 3I I1,I2,I0 3I2f> TPS(1) TPM(1) 3I>(1) 3I>>(1) 3I>>(2) 3I>>>(1) 3I>(3) I0>(2) I0>> (3) I0>> (4) IA, IB, IC I1, I2, I0 INR 62CLD-1 62CLD-2 51P 50P-1 50P-2 50P-3 51LT 51N 50N-1 50N-2

Functions included in the REF615 standard configuration FA01


IEC 61850 IEC 60617 ANSI

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

29

Section 3 REF615 variants


Function Ground non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection, (Calculated) Negative sequence non-directional time overcurrent protection 1 Negative sequence non-directional time overcurrent protection 2 Phase discontinuity protection Three-phase thermal protection for feeders, cables and distribution transformers Circuit breaker failure protection Trip circuit monitoring 1 Trip circuit monitoring 2 Electrically latched/self resetting trip output 1 Electrically latched/self resetting trip output 2 Disturbance recorder Sequence of events recorder Fault recorder Circuit breaker control Loss of load protection Circuit breaker condition monitoring Current circuit supervision Optional functions Ground current measurement Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage (Measured) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 1 (Measured) Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, high stage 2 (Measured) Ground non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection, (Measured) Non-directional sensitive earth-fault protection Autoreclosing Arc flash detector 1 Arc flash detector 2 Arc flash detector 3 Low impedance restricted ground fault protection High impedance fault detector RESCMMXU1 EFLPTOC1 EFHPTOC1 EFHPTOC2 EFIPTOC1 EFLPTOC3 DARREC1 ARCSARC1 ARCSARC2 ARCSARC3 LREFPNDF1 PHIZ1 I0 I0>(1) I0>> (1) I0>> (2) I0>>> (1) I0>(3) O->I ARC(1) ARC(2) ARC(3) dIoLo> PHIZ1 IEC 61850 EFIPTOC2 NSPTOC1 NSPTOC2 PDNSPTOC1 T1PTTR1 CCBRBRF1 TCSSCBR1 TCSSCBR2 TRPPTRC1 TRPPTRC2 RDRE1 SER FLTMSTA CBXCBR1 LOFLPTUC1 SSCBR1 CCRDIF1 IEC 60617 I0>>> (2) I2>(1) I2>(2) I2/I1> 3Ith>F 3I>/IoBF(1) TCS(1) TCS(2) Trip(1) Trip(2) DR SER FR I<->O CB 3I< CBCM MCS 3I

1MAC109554 C

ANSI 50N-3 46-1 46-2 46PD 49F 50BF TCM-1 TCM-2 86/94-1 86/94-2 DFR SER FLR 52-1 37 52CM CCM

IG 51G 50G-1 50G-2 50G-3 50SEF 79 AFD-1 AFD-2 AFD-3 87LOZREF HIZ

30

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants


Default I/O connections
Table 10:
Binary input X120-BI1 X120-BI2 X120-BI3 X120-BI4

3.3.2.1

Default connections for binary inputs


Default usage Blocking of overcurrent instantaneous stage Circuit breaker closed indication Circuit breaker open indication Reset of master trip lockout Connector pins X120-1,2 X120-3,2 X120-4,2 X120-5,6

Table 11:
Binary output X100-PO1 X100-PO2 X100-PO3 X100-PO4 X100-SO1 X100-SO2

Default connections for binary outputs


Default usage Close circuit breaker Circuit breaker failure protection trip to upstream breaker Open circuit breaker/trip coil 1 Open circuit breaker/trip coil 2 General pickup indication General trip indication Connector pins X100-6,7 X100-8,9 X100-16,17,18,19 X100-20,21,22,23 X100-10,11,12 X100-13,14,15

Table 12:
LED label LED label 1

Order codes
Order code options HAFAAAAxxAE1BNNxXC HAFAAAAxxBE1BNNxXC HAFAAAAxx3E1BNNxXC

LED label 2

HAFAAAAxxAE1BANxXC HAFAAAAxxBE1BANxXC HAFAAAAxx3E1BNNxXC

LED label 3

HAFAAAAxxFE1BNNxXC HAFAAAAxxGE1BNNxXC

LED label 4

HAFAAAAxxFE1BANxXC HAFAAAAxxGE1BANxXC

LED label 5

HAFAABAxxAE1BNNxXC HAFAABAxxBE1BNNxXC HAFAABAxx3E1BNNxXC

LED label 6

HAFAABAxxAE1BANxXC HAFAABAxxBE1BANxXC HAFAABAxx3E1BANxXC

Table continues on next page

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

31

Section 3 REF615 variants


LED label LED label 7 Order code options HAFAABAxxFE1BNNxXC HAFAABAxxGE1BNNxXC LED label 8 HAFAABAxxFE1BANxXC HAFAABAxxGE1BANxXC LED label 9 HAFAACAxxAE1BNNxXC HAFAACAxxBE1BNNxXC HAFAACAxx3E1BNNxXC LED label 10 HAFAACAxxAE1BANxXC HAFAACAxxBE1BANxXC HAFAACAxx3E1BANxXC LED label 11 HAFAACAxxFE1BNNxXC HAFAACAxxGE1BNNxXC LED label 12 HAFAACAxxFE1BANxXC HAFAACAxxGE1BANxXC

1MAC109554 C

Table 13:
LED1 LED2 LED3 LED4 LED5 LED6 LED7 LED8 LED9 LED10 LED11

Configuration option LED assignments, LED labels 1...4


LED label 1 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral Time Instantaneous LED label 2 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral Time Instantaneous Recloser lockout Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload alarm/Trip Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload alarm/ Trip Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload alarm/Trip Arc flash detection LED label 3 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral Time Instantaneous LED label 4 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/Ground Time Instantaneous Recloser lockout Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload Alarm/ Trip Arc flash detection

Table 14:
LED1 LED2 LED3

Configuration option LED assignments, LED labels 5...8


LED label 5 Phase A Phase B Phase C LED label 6 Phase A Phase B Phase C LED label 7 Phase A Phase B Phase C LED label 8 Phase A Phase B Phase C

Table continues on next page

32

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants


LED label 5 LED4 LED5 LED6 LED7 LED8 LED9 LED10 LED11 Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload alarm/Trip Neutral/Ground Time Instantaneous LED label 6 Neutral/Ground Time Instantaneous Recloser lockout Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload alarm/Trip Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload alarm/Trip Arc Flash detection LED label 7 Neutral/Ground Time Instantaneous LED label 8 Neutral/Ground Time Instantaneous Recloser lockout Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload alarm/Trip Arc Flash detection

Table 15:
LED1 LED2 LED3 LED4 LED5 LED6 LED7 LED8 LED9 LED10 LED11

Configuration option LED assignments, LED labels 9...12


LED label 9 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/SEF Time Instantaneous LED label 10 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/SEF Time Instantaneous Recloser lockout Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload alarm/Trip Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload alarm/Trip Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload alarm/Trip Arc flash detection HIZ detection HIZ detection HIZ detection LED label 11 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/SEF Time Instantaneous LED label 12 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/SEF Time Instantaneous Recloser lockout Breaker failure/ Alarm Overload alarm/Trip Arc flash detection HIZ detection

3.3.3

Functional diagrams
The functional diagrams describe the default input, output, alarm LED and function to function connections. The default connections can be viewed with the Signal Matrix tool and changed according to the application requirements, if necessary. The analog channels, measurements from CTs, have fixed connections to the different function blocks inside the IEDs standard configuration. The analog channels are assigned to different functions as shown in the functional diagrams. The common signal marked with IA, IB, IC represents the three phase currents. The signal IG represents the measured ground current.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

33

Section 3 REF615 variants


3.3.3.1 Functional diagrams for protection

1MAC109554 C

The following functional diagrams describe the IEDs protection functionality in detail and according to the factory set default connections in the Signal Matrix tool. Five overcurrent stages are offered for phase overcurrent and short-circuit protection. The inrush detection blocks (INR) output BLK2H provides the possibility to either block the function or multiply the active settings for any of the shown protection function blocks.
PHASE OVERCURRENT PROTECTION INDICATION
ANSI Device/Function Number/Acronym IEC60617 symbol IEC61850 identification 51P
NOTE 1
TRIP_PhA TRIP_PhB TRIP_PhC

OR

86/94 LED
TRIP_PhA TRIP_PhA

PHASE A TRIP
LED1

IA, IB, IC BLOCK

3I>(1) PHLPTOC1

PICKUP TRIP

Trip1 LEDPTRC

ENA_MULT

50P-1

NOTE 1

TRIP_PhA TRIP_PhB

OR

86/94 LED
TRIP_PhB TRIP_PhB

IA, IB, IC

3I>>(1) PHHPTOC1

TRIP_PhC

PHASE B TRIP
LED2

PICKUP TRIP

INR
3I2f> INRPHAR1
IA, IB, IC BLOCK BLK2H

BLOCK ENA_MULT

Trip1 LEDPTRC

50P-2

NOTE 1

TRIP_PhA TRIP_PhB

OR

86/94 LED
TRIP_PhC TRIP_PhC

PHASE C TRIP
LED3

IA, IB, IC BLOCK AVAILABLE FOR MAPPING USING SMT TOOL IN PCM TO ANY PROTECTION, DEPENDING ON APPLICATION.

3I>>(2) PHHPTOC2

TRIP_PhC

PICKUP TRIP

Trip1 LEDPTRC

ENA_MULT

50P-3

NOTE 1

OR

TIME TRIP
LED 5

TRIP_PhA TRIP_PhB

IA, IB, IC BLOCK

3I>>>(1) PHIPTOC1

TRIP_PhC

PICKUP TRIP

ENA_MULT

OR

INSTANTANEOUS TRIP
LED6

51LT

NOTE 1

TRIP_PhA TRIP_PhB

IA, IB, IC BLOCK

3I>(3) PHLTPTOC1

TRIP_PhC

PICKUP TRIP

ENA_MULT

NOTE 1: AVAILABLE ONLY FOR LED INDICATION.

GUID-E42BE42B-7540-48EF-88D3-F3EA495494E0 V1 EN

Figure 8:

Phase overcurrent protection

The neutral overcurrent protections 51N, 50N-1/2 can be blocked by energizing the binary input 1 (X120:1-2). Two negative sequence overcurrent stages (46-1 and 46-2) are included for phase unbalance protection along with a separate phase discontinuity protection. The phase discontinuity protection (46PD) provides protection for interruptions in the normal three-phase load supply, like in downed conductor situations. Two separate cold load timers are provided with seconds and minutes
34 REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

ranges to provide utmost flexibility in cold-load inrush protection. Any functions can be selected to be blocked during the cold load timers pickup duration using the Signal Matrix tool.
NEUTRAL OVERCURRENT PROTECTION
51N
I0>(2) EFLPTOC2
IA, IB, IC BLOCK ENA_MULT
TRIP_NEUT TRIP_NEUT

PICKUP TRIP

OR

86/94 LED

NEUTRAL TRIP
LED4

50N-1
I0>>(3) EFHPTOC3
IA, IB, IC PICKUP TRIP

Trip 1 LEDPTRC

TIME TRIP
LED 5

BI 1 (Blocking)

BLOCK ENA_MULT

OR

INSTANTANEOUS TRIP
LED 6

50N-2
I0>>(4) EFHPTOC4
IA, IB, IC BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

50N-3
I0>>>(2) EFIPTOC2
IA, IB, IC BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

GUID-5D3E8AF3-F761-44A7-9C32-5895506023CE V1 EN

Figure 9:

Neutral overcurrent protection

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

35

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

46-1
I2>(1) NSPTOC1
I1, I2, I0 BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

46-2
I2>(2) NSPTOC2
I1, I2, I0 BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

46PD
I2/I1> PDNSPTOC1
I1, I2, I0 BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

GUID-5A283316-A594-476E-9D4E-679F733DD128 V1 EN

Figure 10:

Phase unbalance protection

36

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

COLD LOAD INRUSH PROTECTION


62CLD-1
TPS(1) TPSGAPC1
TRIP TRIP

50P-1
3I>>(1) PHHPTOC1
PICKUP

OR

TRIP BLOCK

BREAKER CLOSE SIGNAL

62CLD-2
TPM(1) TPMGAPC1
TRIP TRIP

50G-1
I0>>(1) EFHPTOC1
PICKUP TRIP BLOCK

Mappable Signal External or internal

50N-1
I0>>(3) EFHPTOC3
PICKUP TRIP BLOCK NOTE: COLD LOAD INRUSH PROTECTION LOGIC MAY BE MODIFIED USING SMT IN PCM TOOL, AS REQUIRED.

GUID-20863AAD-BFF9-4B2C-84AF-E104ABA00DB2 V1 EN

Figure 11:

Cold load inrush protection

The thermal overload protection (49F) provides indication for overload situations.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

37

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

THERMAL OVERLOAD PROTECTION

3Ith>F T1PTTR1
IA, IB, IC TRIP ALARM BLK_OPR ENA_MULT BLK_CLOSE PICKUP

OVERLOAD ALARM
OR
LED9

GUID-CAE27F81-EBCE-4CAC-A59D-3D644A9AB54A V1 EN

Figure 12:

Thermal overload protection

All trip signals are connected to the Master Trip Logic and also to the alarm LEDs. The breaker failure protection (50BF) is initiated via the pickup input by a number of different protection stages in the IED. The breaker failure protection function offers different operating modes associated with circuit breaker position and the measured phase and residual currents. The breaker failure protection has two operating outputs: TRRET and TRBU. The TRRET output is used for retripping its own breaker through the Master Trip. The TRBU output is used to give a back-up trip to the breakers associated with the faulty breaker. For this purpose the TRBU trip output signal is connected to output PO2 (X100: 8-9).

38

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

BREAKER FAILURE PROTECTION


50BF
3I>/Io>BF(1)
51P Trip 50P-1 Trip 50P-2 Trip 50P-3 Trip 51LT Trip 46-1 Trip 46-2 Trip 51N Trip 50N-1 Trip 50N-2 Trip 50N-3 Trip 46PD Trip 49F Trip 50BF Retrip AFD-1 Trip AFD-2 Trip AFD-3 Trip 51G Trip 50G-1 Trip 50G-2 Trip 50G-3 Trip 50SEF Trip 87LOZREF Trip
1)

OR

CCBRBRF1

IA, IB, IC IN PICKUP POSCLOSE CB_FAULT BLOCK

TRRET TRBU CB_FAULT_AL

BREAKER FAILURE LED8

PO2

X100 8 9

Circuit Breaker failure protection trip to associated breaker(s)

NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION.

BI 2 (Breaker Close Status)


GUID-69885C86-76F9-4981-B12F-8A612B83DF29 V1 EN

Figure 13:

Breaker failure protection

Restricted earth-fault protection is used in applications where the IED is used as a backup for transformer protection.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

39

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

RESTRICTED EARTH FAULT PROTECTION

87LOZREF
dIoLo> LREFPNDF1

3I IG

PICKUP TRIP

REF_PICKUP REF_TRIP

LED4
GUID-2B403B4C-8BB3-464F-B483-E69D7FE072F3 V1 EN

Figure 14:

Restricted earth-fault protection

3.3.3.2

Functional diagrams for digital fault recorder and trip circuit monitoring
The digital fault recorder has 64 digital inputs. All pickup and trip signals from the protection stages are routed to trigger the digital fault recorder or alternatively only to be recorded by the digital fault recorder depending on the parameter settings.

40

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

DIGITAL FAULT RECORDER


DFR
IA-A IB-A IC-A IG-A I1-A I2-A I0-A Disabled Disabled Disabled Disabled Disabled AI#1 AI#2 AI#3 AI#4 AI#5 AI#6 AI#7 AI#8 AI#9 AI#10 AI#11 AI#12

DR DREC

NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION.

GUID-5117344E-F9D8-4A21-8C94-A1D76A904FA0 V1 EN

Figure 15:

Digital fault recorder analog inputs

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

41

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

DIGITAL FAULT RECORDER


DFR
51P Trip 51G Trip 51N Trip 50G-1 Trip 50N-1 Trip 50G-2 Trip 50N-2 Trip 50G-3 Trip 50N-3 Trip BI#1 BI#2 BI#3 BI#4 BI#5 BI#6 BI#7 BI#8 BI#9 46-1 Trip BI#10 BI#11 BI#12 BI#13 BI#14 BI#15 BI#16 BI#17 BI#18 BI#19 BI#20 BI#21 BI#22 BI#23 BI#24 BI#25 BI#26 BI#27 BI#28 BI#29 BI#30 BI#31 BI#32 46-2 Trip 46PD Pickup 49F AlmThm 49F Trip 50BF Retrip 50BF Backup Trip INR Pickup AFD-11 FADet AFD-21 FADet AFD-31 FADet AFD-11 Trip AFD-21 Trip AFD-31 Trip 79 PrgRec 79 Trip 79 UnsRec HIZ TCM-1 Alarm TCM-2 Alarm 51G/50G-1 Trip 50G-2/50G-3 Trip 50SEF

DR DREC

OR

50P-1 Trip 50P-2 Trip 50P-3 Trip 51LT Trip

OR

OR

OR

NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION.

GUID-AB84979D-9313-4A32-846A-1EB9E5EADAD0 V1 EN

Figure 16:

Digital fault recorder, binary inputs 1...32

42

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

DIGITAL FAULT RECORDER


DFR
Spare Spare Spare Spare CCM Fail CCM Alarm Spare 37 Trip 87LOZREF Trip CFD Trip 52CM-1 TRV_T_OP_ALM 52CM-1 TRV_T_CL_ALM 52CM-1 CB_LIFE_ALM 52CM-1 Alarm BI#33 BI#34 BI#35 BI#36 BI#37 BI#38 BI#39 BI#40 BI#41 BI#42 BI#43 BI#44 BI#45 BI#46 BI#47 BI#48 BI#49 BI#50 BI#51 BI#52 BI#53 BI#54 BI#55 BI#56 BI#57 BI#58 BI#59 BI#60 BI#61 BI#62 BI#63 BI#64

DR DREC

X120-1

X120-3

X110-1

X110-3

X110-5

X110-7

X130-1

X130-3

X130-5

X120-2

X120-4

X110-2

X110-4

X110-6

X110-8

X130-2

X130-4

X130-6

NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION.

GUID-1A93270E-B5A8-4E23-AD71-8BE3A5A3C547 V1 EN

Figure 17:

Digital fault recorder, binary inputs 33...64

Two separate TCM functions have been included: TCM-1 for PO3 (X100:16-19) and TCM-2 for PO4 (X100:20-23). Both functions are indicated in LED 8.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

43

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

TRIP CIRCUIT MONITORING


TCM-1 BI 2 (CB Close Status) 86/94-1 Trip 86/94-2 Trip OR
TCS(1) TCSSCBR1
BLOCK ALARM

TRIP CIRCUIT FAILURE OR LED8

TCM-2
TCS(2) TCSSCBR2
BLOCK ALARM

GUID-5B908A59-702C-4BD4-8DFA-85B6A1A7E18F V1 EN

Figure 18:

Trip circuit monitoring

3.3.3.3

Functional diagrams for control and interlocking


The trip signals from the protections described above are connected to the two trip output contacts PO3 (X100:16-19) and PO4 (X100:20-23) via the corresponding Master Trip Logics 86/94-1 and 86/94-2. The open control commands to the circuit breaker from local or remote 52-1-exe_op (or from the autorecloser 79-open_cb, when available) are connected directly to the output PO3 (X100:16-19).
MASTER TRIP 1 LOGIC
51P Trip 50P-1 Trip 50P-2 Trip 50P-3 Trip 51LT Trip 46-1 Trip 46-2 Trip 51N Trip 50N-1 Trip 50N-2 Trip 50N-3 Trip 46PD Trip 49F Trip 50BF Retrip AFD-1 Trip AFD-2 Trip AFD-3 Trip 51G Trip 50G-1 Trip 50G-2 Trip 50G-3 Trip 50SEF Trip 87LOZREF Trip

X100 16 17 15 19 18

OR
TRIP

BLOCK

Trip(1) TRPPTRC1

86/94-1

TRIP

CL_LKOUT

OR

PO3

RST_LKOUT

Breaker Open Signal to Trip Coil 1

With lock-out mode selection 2)

TCM-1

NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION. 79 OPEN_CB 52 EXE_OP
GUID-095D3F46-D13E-4826-AAE6-0797F7D401FE V1 EN

2) NON-LATCHED MODE AS DEFAULT.

Figure 19:

Master trip 1

44

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

MASTER TRIP 2 LOGIC


51P Trip 50P-1 Trip 50P-2 Trip 50P-3 Trip 51LT Trip 46-1 Trip 46-2 Trip 51N Trip 50N-1 Trip 50N-2 Trip 50N-3 Trip 46PD Trip 49F Trip 50BF Retrip AFD-1 Trip AFD-2 Trip AFD-3 Trip 51G Trip 50G-1 Trip 50G-2 Trip 50G-3 Trip 50SEF Trip 87LOZREF Trip

OR

Trip(2) TRPPTRC2
BLOCK TRIP RST_LKOUT TRIP CL_LKOUT

86/94-2

+
OR

PO4

X100 Breaker 20 Open 22 Signal to 21 Trip Coil 2 23 24

With lock-out mode selection 2)

TCM-2

79 OPEN_CB 52 EXE_OP

NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION. 2) NON-LATCHED MODE AS DEFAULT.

GUID-57A77F68-3DCA-4471-9F83-6E77DD010693 V1 EN

Figure 20:

Master trip 2

The blocks 86/94-1 and 2 provide the lockout/latching function, event generation and the trip signal duration setting. If the lockout operation mode is selected, one binary input can be reassigned to the RST_LKOUT input of the Master Trip Logics to enable external reset with a push button.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

45

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

CIRCUIT BREAKER CONTROL AND INTERLOCKING


I<->O CB CBXCBR1

52

52-1 EXE_OP

Always True

ENA_OPEN ENA_CLOSE BLK_OPEN EXE_OP

SELECTED EXE_OP EXE_CL CLOSEPOS OKPOS

+ OR PO1

BLK_CLOSE OPENPOS EXE_CL OPENPOS CLOSEPOS

BI 3 (Breaker Open Status) BI 2 (Breaker Close Status) 79 CLOSE_CB X110

X100 6 7

Close Breaker

52CM
SSCBR1 TRV_T_OP_ALM BLOCK POSOPEN TRV_T_CL_ALM POSCLOSE DIFTRVTOPALM PRES_ALM_IN DIFTRVTCLALM PRES_LO_IN SPR_CHR_ALM SPR_CHR_ST SPR_CHR RST_IPOW RST_CB_WEAR OPR_ALM OPR_LO IPOW_ALM IPOW_LO CB_LIFE_ALM MON_ALM PRES_ALM PRES_LO OPENPOS INTERMPOS CLOSEPOS CBCM

GAS Pressure Alarm

5 6

BI 3 BI 4

OR
(CB COND MONITOR)
LED8

CB Spring Charged

GUID-F6999B37-F933-43D0-967B-3FE127FE7811 V1 EN

Figure 21:

Circuit breaker control and interlocking

The ENA_CLOSE input, which enables closing the circuit breaker, in the breaker control function block 52-1, is a combination of the status of the Master Trip Logics. The open operation is always enabled. If the ENA_CLOSE signal is completely removed from the breaker control function block 52-1 with the Signal Matrix tool, the function assumes that the breaker close commands are allowed continuously. The circuit-breaker condition monitoring function (52CM) supervises the circuit breaker status based on the binary input information connected and measured current levels. The function introduces various supervision methods. The corresponding supervision alarm signals are routed to LED 8. The signal outputs from the IED are connected to give dedicated information on pickups and trips. Pickup of any protection function SO1 (X100:10-12) Trip of any protection function SO2 (X100:13-15)

46

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

COMMON PICKUP SIGNAL


86/94 LED
Trip1 LEDPTRC1
PICKUP TRIP PICKUP TRIP TRIP

TP-1

1)

TP-1 TPGAPC1
PICKUP PICKUP TRIP

NOTE: 1) THERE ARE FOUR PULSE TIMERS AVAILABLE -ONE OF THEM IS USED FOR DEFAULT CONFIGURATIONS. ALL PULSE TIMERS INCLUDING TP-1 CAN BE MAPPED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS USING SMT IN PCM TOOLS.
GUID-17F7E87F-230E-496D-94C4-B188BA549CE9 V1 EN

SO#1 (X100:10-11-12) Pickup Signal

Figure 22:

Common pickup signal

The TP-1 is a timer and used for setting the minimum pulse length for the outputs.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

47

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

Trip(1) TRPPTRC1
PICKUP TRIP PICKUP TRIP

Trip(2) TRPPTRC2
PICKUP TRIP PICKUP TRIP

SO#2 (X100:13-14-15) Trip Signal

GUID-7E976C74-3F94-4023-89FD-0E62CC5766C6 V1 EN

Figure 23:

Common trip signal

3.3.3.4

Functional diagram for optional ARC flash detection and autoreclosing


Optional ARC flash detectors (AFD 1-3) are included in the standard configuration. The ARC flash detection offers individual function blocks for each of the three ARC sensors that can be connected to the IED. Each ARC protection function block has two different operation modes, with or without the phase current check.

48

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

ARC(1) ARCSARC1
IA, IB, IC IG BLOCK REM_FLT_ARC OPR_MODE TRIP ARC_FLT_DET

LED10

ARC(2) ARCSARC2
IA, IB, IC IG BLOCK REM_FLT_ARC OPR_MODE TRIP ARC_FLT_DET

ARC(3) ARCSARC3
IA, IB, IC IG BLOCK REM_FLT_ARC OPR_MODE TRIP ARC_FLT_DET

GUID-19A57C71-5055-4521-AA56-C8BD5F51EDA3 V1 EN

Figure 24:

Arc flash detection

Trip signals from the ARC protection function blocks are connected to the Master Trip Logic and also to the alarm LED 10 as a common arc flash detection. The autorecloser is configured to be initiated by operate signals from a number of protection stages through the INIT1-5 inputs. It is possible to create individual autoreclosing sequences for each input.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

49

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

AUTORECLOSING (Optional)
79 OR
O->I DARREC1
PROT_CRD INIT_1 INIT_2 INIT_3 INIT_4 OPEN CB CLOSE CB INPRO UNSUC_RECL AR_ON LOCKED

50P-1 -trip 50P-2 -trip 50N-1 -trip 50N-2 -trip 50G-1 -trip 50G-2 -trip 51P -trip 51N -trip 51G -trip 46-1 -trip 46-2 -trip 50P-3 -trip 50N-3 -trip 50G-3 -trip 52 -selected AFD-1 -trip AFD-2 -trip AFD-3 -trip External AR Blocking X120 BI 4 49F -InhRec X120 BI 3 (CB Open)
GUID-9E712054-3ECA-4AAB-8756-F157B5ACDB2C V1 EN

OR

INIT_5 INIT_6 DEL_INIT_2 DEL_INIT_3 DEL_INIT_4 ON/OFF INHIBIT_RECL

RECLOSER LOCKOUT
LED 7

OR

THERMOVL_BLK CB_POS CB_RDY

OR

Notes: Map PROT_CRD signal to Block 50P-1, 50P-2, 50N-1 and 50N-2 using SMT.
DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION.

Figure 25:

Autoreclosing

The autoreclosing function can be blocked with the INHIBIT_RECL input. As a default, the operation of some selected protection functions are connected to this input. A control command to the circuit breaker, either local or remote, will also block the autoreclose function via the 52-1-selected signal. The circuit breaker availability for the autoreclosure sequence is expressed with the CB_RDY input in 79. In the configuration, this signal is not connected to any of the binary inputs. As a result, the function assumes that the breaker is available all the time.

3.3.3.5

Functional diagram for optional additional ground overcurrent protection


Optional additional ground overcurrent protection provides more sensitive ground overcurrent protection when necessary.

50

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

GROUND OVERCURRENT PROTECTION (OPTIONAL)


51G
I0>(1) EFLPTOC1
IG BLOCK ENA_MULT
TRIP_NEUT TRIP_NEUT

PICKUP TRIP

OR

86/94LED

NEUTRAL / GROUND TRIP


LED4

50G-1
I0>>(1) EFHPTOC1
IG PICKUP TRIP

TRIP(1) LEDPTRC

TIME TRIP
LED5

BI 1 (Blocking)

BLOCK ENA_MULT

OR

INSTANTANEOUS TRIP
LED 6

50G-2
I0>>(2) EFHPTOC2
IG BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

50G-3
I0>>>(1) EFIPTOC1
IG BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

GUID-A251AB3C-8465-441C-8E2E-55335AA2A332 V1 EN

Figure 26:

Ground overcurrent protection

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

51

Section 3 REF615 variants


3.3.3.6

1MAC109554 C

Optional sensitive earth fault and high impedance fault detection


SENSITIVE EARTH FAULT PROTECTION
51N 50SEF
I0>(2) EFLPTOC2
PICKUP BLOCK TRIP BLOCK IG

OR

I0>(3) EFLPTOC3
PICKUP TRIP

NEUTRAL / SEF TRIP


LED 4

50N-1
I0>>(3) EFHPTOC3
PICKUP BLOCK TRIP

50N-2
I0>>(4) EFHPTOC4
PICKUP BLOCK TRIP

50N-3
I0>>>(2) EFIPTOC2
PICKUP BLOCK TRIP

GUID-7B5D6C4F-BC2D-4BD4-A659-5F9329A1C20F V1 EN

Figure 27:

Sensitive earth-fault protection

52

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

PHIZ1 PHIZ1
HIZ DETECTION
BLOCK

TRIP
LED11

GUID-81DC07F7-4A53-4918-8FDD-66BD24B6A191 V1 EN

Figure 28:

High impedance fault detection

The sensitive earth-fault protection (50SEF) and high impedance fault detection (HIZ) provide protection against high impedance faults. If the load unbalance is high, 50SEF needs to be set high to avoid misoperations which renders 50SEF ineffective for such applications. In those cases, HIZ can provide detection which would otherwise be undetected.

3.4
3.4.1

Standard configuration FA02: Current and voltage inputs


Applications
The standard configuration FA02 is meant for voltage and current inputs, intended for cable and overhead-line feeder applications in directly or resistance grounded distribution networks where directional application is a requirement. The IED with this standard configuration is delivered from the factory with default settings and parameters. The end-user flexibility for incoming, outgoing and internal signal designation within the IED enables this configuration to be further adapted to different primary circuit layouts and the related functionality needs by modifying the internal functionality using PCM600.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

53

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

As a security measure, all functions except 51P are disabled.

3.4.2

Functions
Table 16:
Function Included functions Three-phase current measurement Three-phase voltage measurement Sequence current measurement Sequence voltage measurement Three-phase power and energy measurement Three-phase transformer inrush detector Cold load timer 1 (Seconds) Cold load timer 2 (Minutes) Three-phase non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage Three-phase non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage (Calculated) Ground non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection, (Calculated) Negative sequence non-directional time overcurrent protection 1 Negative sequence non-directional time overcurrent protection 2 Phase discontinuity protection Three-phase thermal protection for feeders, cables and distribution transformers Circuit breaker failure protection Trip circuit monitoring 1 Trip circuit monitoring 2 Electrically latched/self resetting trip output 1 Electrically latched/self resetting trip output 2 Disturbance recorder Sequence of events recorder Fault recorder Circuit breaker control Loss of load protection Table continues on next page CMMXU1 VMMXU1 CSMSQI1 VSMSQI1 PEMMXU1 INRPHAR1 TPSGAPC1 TPMGAPC1 PHLPTOC1 PHIPTOC1 EFLPTOC2 EFIPTOC2 NSPTOC1 NSPTOC2 PDNSPTOC1 T1PTTR1 CCBRBRF1 TCSSCBR1 TCSSCBR2 TRPPTRC1 TRPPTRC2 RDRE1 SER FLTMSTA CBXCBR1 LOFLPTUC1 3I 3U I1,I2,I0 U1,U2,U0 P,E 3I2f> TPS(1) TPM(1) 3I>(1) 3I>>>(1) I0>(2) I0>>> (2) I2>(1) I2>(2) I2/I1> 3Ith>F 3I>/IoBF(1) TCS(1) TCS(2) Trip(1) Trip(2) DR SER FR I<->O CB 3I< IA, IB, IC VA,VB,VC I1, I2, I0 V1,V2,V0 P,E INR 62CLD-1 62CLD-2 51P 50P-3 51N 50N-3 46-1 46-2 46PD 49F 50BF TCM-1 TCM-2 86/94-1 86/94-2 DFR SER FLR 52-1 37

Functions included in the REF615 standard configuration FA02


IEC 61850 IEC 60617 ANSI

54

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants


Function Circuit breaker condition monitoring Current circuit supervision Three phase overvoltage protection, stage 1 Three phase overvoltage protection, stage 2 Three-phase undervoltage protection, stage 1 Three-phase undervoltage protection, stage 2 Ground overvoltage protection Negative sequence overvoltage protection Directional ground-fault protection, low stage Directional ground-fault protection, high stage 1 Directional ground-fault protection, high stage 2 Three-phase directional overcurrent protection, low stage Three-phase directional overcurrent protection, high stage 1 Three-phase directional overcurrent protection, high stage 2 Fuse failure supervision Ground current measurement Ground voltage measurement Optional functions Ground non-directional time overcurrent protection, low stage (Measured) Ground non-directional instantaneous overcurrent protection, (Measured) Non-directional sensitive earth-fault protection Autoreclosing Arc flash detector 1 Arc flash detector 2 Arc flash detector 3 Low impedance restricted ground fault protection High impedance fault detector EFLPTOC1 EFIPTOC1 EFLPTOC3 DARREC1 ARCSARC1 ARCSARC2 ARCSARC3 LREFPNDF1 PHIZ1 I0>(1) I0>>> (1) I0>(3) O->I ARC(1) ARC(2) ARC(3) dIoLo> PHIZ1 51G 50G-3 50SEF 79 AFD-1 AFD-2 AFD-3 87LOZREF HIZ IEC 61850 SSCBR1 CCRDIF1 PHPTOV1 PHPTOV2 PHPTUV1 PHPTUV2 ROVPTOV1 NSPTOV1 DEFLPDEF1 DEFLPDEF2 DEFHPDEF1 DPHLPDOC1 DPHLPDOC2 DPHHPDOC1 SEQRFUF1 RESCMMXU1 RESVMMXU1 IEC 60617 CBCM MCS 3I 3U>(1) 3U>(2) 3U<(1) 3U<(2) U0>(1) U2> I0>->(1) I0>->(2) I0>>->(1) 3I>->(1) 3I>->(2) 3I>>->(1) FUSEF I0 U0 ANSI 52CM CCM 59-1 59-2 27-1 27-2 59G 47 67/51N 67/50N -1 67/50N -2 67/51P 67/50P-1 67/50P-2 60 IG VG

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

55

Section 3 REF615 variants


3.4.2.1 Default I/O connections
Table 17:
Binary input X120-BI1 X120-BI2 X120-BI3

1MAC109554 C

Default connections for binary inputs


Default usage Blocking of overcurrent instantaneous stage Circuit breaker closed position indication Circuit breaker open position indication Connector pins X120-1,2 X120-3,2 X120-4,2

Table 18:
Binary output X100-PO1 X100-PO2 X100-PO3 X100-PO4 X100-SO1 X100-SO2

Default connections for binary outputs


Default usage Close circuit breaker Circuit breaker failure protection trip to upstream breaker Open circuit breaker/trip coil 1 Open circuit breaker/trip coil 2 General pickup indication General trip indication Connector pins X100-6,7 X100-8,9 X100-16,17,18,19 X100-20,21,22,23 X100-10,11,12 X100-13,14,15

Table 19:
LED label LED label 1

Order codes
Order code options HAFDDADAxAE1BNNxXC HAFDDADAxBE1BNNxXC HAFDDADAx3E1BNNxXC

LED label 2

HAFDDADAxFE1BNNxXC HAFDDADAxGE1BNNxXC

LED label 3

HAFDDADAxAE1BANxXC HAFDDADAxBE1BANxXC HAFDDADAx3E1BANxXC

LED label 4

HAFDDADAxFE1BANxXC HAFDDADAxGE1BANxXC

LED label 5

HAFDDBDAxAE1BNNxXC HAFDDBDAxBE1BNNxXC HAFDDBDAx3E1BNNxXC

LED label 6

HAFDDBDAxFE1BNNxXC HAFDDBDAxGE1BNNxXC

Table continues on next page

56

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants


LED label LED label 7 Order code options HAFDDBDAxAE1BANxXC HAFDDBDAxBE1BANxXC HAFDDBDAx3E1BANxXC LED label 8 HAFDDBDAxFE1BANxXC HAFDDBDAxGE1BANxXC

Table 20:
LED1 LED2 LED3 LED4 LED5 LED6 LED7 LED8 LED9 LED10 LED11

Configuration option LED assignments, LED labels 1...4


LED label 1 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/Ground Time Instantaneous LED label 2 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/Ground Time Instantaneous LED label 3 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/Ground Time Instantaneous Recloser lockout Voltage Overload alarm/Trip Voltage Overload alarm/ Trip Arc flash detection Voltage Overload alarm/Trip LED label 4 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/Ground Time Instantaneous Recloser lockout Voltage Overload alarm/Trip Arc flash detection

Table 21:
LED1 LED2 LED3 LED4 LED5 LED6 LED7 LED8 LED9 LED10 LED11

Configuration option LED assignments, LED labels 5...8


LED label 5 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/SEF Time Instantaneous LED label 6 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/SEF Time Instantaneous LED label 7 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/SEF Time Instantaneous Recloser lockout Voltage Overload alarm/Trip Voltage Overload alarm/ Trip Arc flash detection HIZ detection HIZ detection HIZ detection Voltage Overload alarm/Trip LED label 8 Phase A Phase B Phase C Neutral/SEF Time Instantaneous Recloser lockout Voltage Overload alarm/Trip Arc flash detection HIZ detection

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

57

Section 3 REF615 variants 3.4.3 Functional diagrams

1MAC109554 C

The functional diagrams describe the default input, output, alarm LED and function to function connections. The default connections can be viewed with the Signal Matrix tool and changed according to the application requirements, if necessary. The analog channels, measurements from CTs, have fixed connections to the different function blocks inside the IEDs standard configuration. The analog channels are assigned to different functions as shown in the functional diagrams. The common signal marked with IA, IB, IC represents the three phase currents. The signal IG represents the measured ground current.

3.4.3.1

Functional diagrams for protection


The following functional diagrams describe the IEDs protection functionality in detail and according to the factory set default connections in the Signal Matrix tool. Five overcurrent stages are offered for phase overcurrent and short-circuit protection. The inrush detection blocks (INR) output BLK2H provides the possibility to either block the function or multiply the active settings for any of the shown protection function blocks. Three of the overcurrent protections have directional feature and these directional protections can also be used as non-directional protection with setting changes.

58

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

PHASE OVERCURRENT PROTECTION INDICATION


ANSI Device/Function Number/Acronym IEC60617 symbol IEC61850 identification 51P
NOTE 1

TRIP_PhA TRIP_PhB

OR

86/94 LED
TRIP_PhA TRIP_PhA

PHASE A TRIP
LED1

TRIP_PhC

IA, IB, IC BLOCK

3I>(1) PHLPTOC1

PICKUP TRIP

Trip1 LEDPTRC

ENA_MULT

67/51P
3I>->(1)
VA,VB,VC IA, IB, IC

NOTE 1

TRIP_PhA TRIP_PhB

OR

86/94 LED
TRIP_PhB TRIP_PhB

PHASE B TRIP
LED2

DPHLPDOC1

TRIP_PhC

PICKUP TRIP

INR
3I2f> INRPHAR1
IA, IB, IC BLOCK BLK2H

BLOCK ENA_MULT

Trip1 LEDPTRC

50P-3

NOTE 1

TRIP_PhA

OR

86/94 LED
TRIP_PhC TRIP_PhC

3I>>>(1) TRIP_PhB PHIPTOC1


IA, IB, IC BLOCK
TRIP_PhC

PHASE C TRIP
LED3

PICKUP TRIP

Trip1 LEDPTRC

AVAILABLE FOR MAPPING USING SMT TOOL IN PCM TO ANY PROTECTION, DEPENDING ON APPLICATION.

ENA_MULT

OR

67/50P-1
DPHLPDOC2

NOTE 1

TIME TRIP
LED 5

TRIP_PhA

3I>>->(1) TRIP_PhB
TRIP_PhC

VA,VB,VC IA, IB, IC BLOCK

PICKUP TRIP

OR

ENA_MULT

INSTANTANEOUS TRIP
LED6

67/50P-2

NOTE 1

TRIP_PhA

3I>>->(2) TRIP_PhB DPHHPDOC1


VA,VB,VC IA, IB, IC BLOCK ENA_MULT
TRIP_PhC

PICKUP TRIP

NOTE 1: AVAILABLE ONLY FOR LED INDICATION.

GUID-7014C373-CE58-4086-85E6-384051F9E999 V1 EN

Figure 29:

Phase overcurrent protection

The neutral overcurrent protection 51N can be blocked by energizing the binary input 1 (X120:1-2). In addition, there are three more directional protection for ground faults. Two negative sequence overcurrent stages (46-1 and 46-2) are included for phase unbalance protection along with a separate phase discontinuity protection. The phase discontinuity protection (46PD) provides protection for interruptions in the normal threephase load supply, like in downed conductor situations. Two separate cold load timers are provided with seconds and minutes ranges to provide utmost flexibility in cold-load inrush protection. Any functions can be selected to be blocked during the cold load timers pickup duration using the Signal Matrix tool. The thermal overload protection (49F) provides indication of overload situations.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

59

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

NEUTRAL OVERCURRENT PROTECTION


51N
I0>(2) EFLPTOC2

BI 1 (Blocking)

IA, IB, IC BLOCK ENA_MULT

PICKUP TRIP

OR

86/94 LED
TRIP_NEUT TRIP_NEUT

NEUTRAL TRIP
LED4

Trip 1 LEDPTRC

50N-3
I0>>>(2) EFIPTOC2
IA, IB, IC BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

TIME TRIP
LED 5

OR

INSTANTANEOUS TRIP
LED 6

GUID-25B47047-EB9A-4262-AEFE-2C3FECC2BAD6 V1 EN

Figure 30:

Neutral overcurrent protection


DIRECTIONAL GROUND FAULT PROTECTION 67/51N
I0>->(1) DEFLPDEF1
IG VG BLOCK ENA_MULT RCA_CTL PICKUP TRIP LED5

TIME TRIP

67/50N-1
I0>>(2) DEFLPDEF2
IG VG BLOCK ENA_MULT RCA_CTL PICKUP TRIP

86/94LED
OR
TRIP_NEUT TRIP_NEUT

GROUND / NEUTRAL PROTECTIONS


LED4

67/50N-2
I0>>->(1) DEFHPDEF1
IG VG BLOCK ENA_MULT RCA_CTL PICKUP TRIP

TRIP(1) LEDPTRC

To SENSITIVE EARTH FAULT PROTECTION

GUID-70E9F754-FE31-4F4A-BC58-191B4217C6D7 V1 EN

Figure 31:

Directional ground overcurrent protection

60

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

46-1
I2>(1) NSPTOC1
I1, I2, I0 BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

46-2
I2>(2) NSPTOC2
I1, I2, I0 BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

46PD
I2/I1> PDNSPTOC1
I1, I2, I0 BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

GUID-5A283316-A594-476E-9D4E-679F733DD128 V1 EN

Figure 32:

Phase unbalance protection

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

61

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

COLD LOAD INRUSH PROTECTION


62CLD-1
TPS(1) TPSGAPC1
TRIP

67/50P-1
3I>>->(1) DPHLPDOC2
PICKUP

OR
TRIP BREAKER CLOSE SIGNAL

TRIP BLOCK

62CLD-2 67/50N-1
TPM(1) TPMGAPC1
Mappable Signal External or internal TRIP BLOCK TRIP

I0>>(2) DEFLPDEF2
PICKUP TRIP

NOTE: COLD LOAD INRUSH PROTECTION LOGIC MAY BE MODIFIED USING SMT IN PCM TOOL, AS REQUIRED.

GUID-E8E78F22-20B2-4D87-91F4-1D7E4FC83E41 V1 EN

Figure 33:

Cold load inrush protection

THERMAL OVERLOAD PROTECTION

3Ith>F T1PTTR1
IA, IB, IC TRIP ALARM BLK_OPR ENA_MULT BLK_CLOSE PICKUP

OVERLOAD ALARM
OR
LED9

GUID-CAE27F81-EBCE-4CAC-A59D-3D644A9AB54A V1 EN

Figure 34:

Thermal overload protection

All trip signals are connected to the Master Trip Logic and also to the alarm LEDs.

62

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

The breaker failure protection (50BF) is initiated via the pickup input by a number of different protection stages in the IED. The breaker failure protection function offers different operating modes associated with circuit breaker position and the measured phase and residual currents. The breaker failure protection has two operating outputs: TRRET and TRBU. The TRRET output is used for retripping its own breaker through the Master Trip. The TRBU output is used to give a back-up trip to the breakers associated with the faulty breaker. For this purpose the TRBU trip output signal is connected to output PO2 (X100: 8-9).
BREAKER FAILURE PROTECTION
50BF
3I>/Io>BF(1)
51P Trip 67/50P-1 Trip 67/50P-2 Trip 50P-3 Trip 67/51P Trip 46-1 Trip 46-2 Trip 51N Trip 67/50N-1 Trip 67/50N-2 Trip 50N-3 Trip 46PD Trip 49F Trip 50BF Retrip AFD-1 Trip AFD-2 Trip AFD-3 Trip 51G Trip 50G-3 Trip 50SEF Trip 67/51N Trip 87LOZREF Trip
1)

OR

CCBRBRF1

IA, IB, IC IN PICKUP POSCLOSE CB_FAULT BLOCK

TRRET TRBU CB_FAULT_AL

PO2

X100 8 9

Circuit Breaker failure protection trip to associated breaker(s)

NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION.

BI 2 (Breaker Close Status)


GUID-64F3E83A-E978-42D4-BA4B-B2C77C16F07F V1 EN

Figure 35:

Breaker failure protection

Restricted earth-fault protection is used in applications where the IED is used as a backup for transformer protection.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

63

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

RESTRICTED EARTH FAULT PROTECTION

87LOZREF
dIoLo> LREFPNDF1

3I IG

PICKUP TRIP

REF_PICKUP REF_TRIP

LED4
GUID-2B403B4C-8BB3-464F-B483-E69D7FE072F3 V1 EN

Figure 36:

Restricted earth-fault protection

3.4.3.2

Functional diagrams for digital fault recorder and trip circuit monitoring
The digital fault recorder has 64 digital inputs. All pickup and trip signals from the protection stages are routed to trigger the digital fault recorder or alternatively only to be recorded by the digital fault recorder depending on the parameter settings.
DIGITAL FAULT RECORDER
DFR
IA-A IB-A IC-A IG-A I1-A I2-A I0-A VA-kV VB-kV VC-kV VG-kV Disabled AI#1 AI#2 AI#3 AI#4 AI#5 AI#6 AI#7 AI#8 AI#9 AI#10 AI#11 AI#12

DR DREC

GUID-478D7109-29FA-4702-8CF8-40EAFCA81206 V1 EN

Figure 37:

Digital fault recorder analog inputs

64

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

DIGITAL FAULT RECORDER


DFR
67/51P Trip 51P Trip 67/50P-1 Trip 67/50P-2 Trip 50P-3 Trip 67/51N Trip 51N Trip

OR
BI#1 BI#2 BI#3 BI#4 BI#5 BI#6 67/50N-1 Trip 67/50N-2 Trip 50N-3 Trip 46-1 Trip 46-2 Trip 46PD Pickup 49F AlmThm 49F Trip 50BF Retrip 50BF Backup Trip INR Pickup AFD-11 FADet AFD-21 FADet AFD-31 FADet AFD-11 Trip AFD-21 Trip AFD-31 Trip 79 PrgRec 79 Trip 79 UnsRec HIZ TCM-1 Alarm TCM-2 Alarm Spare 50G-3 50SEF BI#7 BI#8 BI#9 BI#10 BI#11 BI#12 BI#13 BI#14 BI#15 BI#16 BI#17 BI#18 BI#19 BI#20 BI#21 BI#22 BI#23 BI#24 BI#25 BI#26 BI#27 BI#28 BI#29 BI#30 BI#31 BI#32

DR DREC

OR

51G

NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION.

GUID-14BE59BC-34F1-4AC8-A94C-DAC1790C2343 V1 EN

Figure 38:

Digital fault recorder, binary inputs 1...32

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

65

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

DIGITAL FAULT RECORDER


DFR
59-1 Trip 27-1 Trip 59G Trip 47 Trip CCM Fail CCM Alarm 60 Pickup 37 Trip 87LOZREF CFD 52CM TRV_T_OP_ALM 52CM TRV_T_CL_ALM 52CM CB_LIFE_ALM 52CM Alarm BI#33 BI#34 BI#35 BI#36 BI#37 BI#38 BI#39 BI#40 BI#41 BI#42 BI#43 BI#44 BI#45 BI#46 BI#47 BI#48 BI#49 BI#50 BI#51 BI#52 BI#53 BI#54 BI#55 BI#56 BI#57 BI#58 BI#59 BI#60 BI#61 BI#62 59-2 Trip 27-2 Trip BI#63 BI#64

DR DREC

X120-1

X120-3

X110-1

X110-3

X110-5

X110-7

XA130-1

XA130-3

X120-2

X120-4

X110-2

X110-4

X110-6

X110-8

XA130-2

XA130-4

NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION.


GUID-9F33B297-6E43-44EF-9942-532296092135 V1 EN

Figure 39:

Digital fault recorder, binary inputs 33...64

Two separate TCM functions have been included: TCM-1 for PO3 (X100:16-19) and TCM-2 for PO4 (X100:20-23). Both functions are indicated in LED 9 or 8.

66

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

TRIP CIRCUIT MONITORING


TCM-1 BI 2 (CB Close Status) 86/94-1 Trip 86/94-2 Trip OR
TCS(1) TCSSCBR1
BLOCK ALARM

TCM-2
TCS(2) TCSSCBR2
BLOCK ALARM

GUID-1B534756-98AC-408A-92F1-91ABA66E3A1C V1 EN

Figure 40:

Trip circuit monitoring

3.4.3.3

Functional diagrams for control and interlocking


The trip signals from the protections described above are connected to the two trip output contacts PO3 (X100:16-19) and PO4 (X100:20-23) via the corresponding Master Trip Logics 86/94-1 and 86/94-2. The open control commands to the circuit breaker from local or remote 52-1-exe_op (or from the autorecloser 79-open_cb, when available) are connected directly to the output PO3 (X100:16-19).

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

67

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

MASTER TRIP 1 LOGIC


51P Trip 67/50P-1 Trip 67/50P-2 Trip 50P-3 Trip 67/51P Trip 46-1 Trip 46-2 Trip 51N Trip 67/50N-1 Trip 67/50N-2 Trip 50N-3 Trip 46PD Trip 49F Trip 50BF Retrip AFD-1 Trip AFD-2 Trip AFD-3 Trip 51G Trip 50G-3 Trip 50SEF Trip 67/51N Trip 87LOZREF Trip
1)

X100 16 17 15 19 18

OR
TRIP

BLOCK

Trip(1) TRPPTRC1

86/94-1

TRIP

CL_LKOUT

OR

PO3

RST_LKOUT

Breaker Open Signal to Trip Coil 1

With lock-out mode selection 2)

TCM-1

NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION. 2) NON-LATCHED MODE AS DEFAULT.

79 OPEN_CB 52 EXE_OP
GUID-280A62F0-6D51-4BA4-BFB9-B373E670AADD V1 EN

Figure 41:

Master trip 1

68

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

MASTER TRIP 2 LOGIC


51P Trip 67/50P-1 Trip 67/50P-2 Trip 50P-3 Trip 67/51P Trip 46-1 Trip 46-2 Trip 51N Trip 67/50N-1 Trip 67/50N-2 Trip 50N-3 Trip 46PD Trip 49F Trip 50BF Retrip AFD-1 Trip AFD-2 Trip AFD-3 Trip 51G Trip 50G-3 Trip 50SEF Trip 67/51N Trip 87LOZREF Trip
NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION. 2) NON-LATCHED MODE AS DEFAULT.

OR
TRIP

BLOCK

Trip(2) TRPPTRC2

86/94-2

+
TRIP

CL_LKOUT

OR

PO4

RST_LKOUT

With lock-out mode selection 2)

X100 Breaker 20 Open 22 Signal to 21 Trip Coil 2 23 24

TCM-2

1)

79 OPEN_CB 52 EXE_OP
GUID-F8A675E1-1C31-4C83-9569-CCB85F9ABC0E V1 EN

Figure 42:

Master trip 2

The 86/94-1 and 2 blocks provide the lockout/latching function, event generation and the trip signal duration setting. If the lockout operation mode is selected, one binary input can be re-assigned to the RST_LKOUT input of the Master Trip Logics to enable external reset with a push button.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

69

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

CIRCUIT BREAKER CONTROL AND INTERLOCKING


I<->O CB CBXCBR1

52

52-1 EXE_OP

Always True

ENA_OPEN ENA_CLOSE BLK_OPEN EXE_OP

SELECTED EXE_OP EXE_CL CLOSEPOS OKPOS

+ OR PO1

BLK_CLOSE OPENPOS EXE_CL OPENPOS CLOSEPOS

BI 3 (Breaker Open Status) BI 2 (Breaker Close Status) 79 CLOSE_CB X110

X100 6 7

Close Breaker

52CM
SSCBR1 TRV_T_OP_ALM BLOCK POSOPEN TRV_T_CL_ALM POSCLOSE DIFTRVTOPALM PRES_ALM_IN DIFTRVTCLALM PRES_LO_IN SPR_CHR_ALM SPR_CHR_ST SPR_CHR RST_IPOW RST_CB_WEAR OPR_ALM OPR_LO IPOW_ALM IPOW_LO CB_LIFE_ALM MON_ALM PRES_ALM PRES_LO OPENPOS INTERMPOS CLOSEPOS CBCM

GAS Pressure Alarm

5 6

BI 3 BI 4

OR
(CB COND MONITOR)
LED8

CB Spring Charged

GUID-F6999B37-F933-43D0-967B-3FE127FE7811 V1 EN

Figure 43:

Circuit breaker control and interlocking

The ENA_CLOSE input, which enables closing the circuit breaker, in the breaker control function block 52-1, is a combination of the status of the Master Trip Logics. The open operation is always enabled. If the ENA_CLOSE signal is completely removed from the breaker control function block 52-1 with the Signal Matrix tool, the function assumes that the breaker close commands are allowed continuously. The circuit-breaker condition monitoring function (SSCBR) supervises the circuit breaker status based on the binary input information connected and measured current levels. The function introduces various supervision methods. The corresponding supervision alarm signals are routed to LED 8. The signal outputs from the IED are connected to give dedicated information on pickups and trips. Pickup of any protection function SO1 (X100:10-12) Trip of any protection function SO2 (X100:13-15)

70

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

COMMON PICKUP SIGNAL


86/94 LED
Trip1 LEDPTRC1
PICKUP TRIP PICKUP TRIP TRIP

TP-1

1)

TP-1 TPGAPC1
PICKUP PICKUP TRIP

NOTE: 1) THERE ARE FOUR PULSE TIMERS AVAILABLE -ONE OF THEM IS USED FOR DEFAULT CONFIGURATIONS. ALL PULSE TIMERS INCLUDING TP-1 CAN BE MAPPED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS USING SMT IN PCM TOOLS.
GUID-17F7E87F-230E-496D-94C4-B188BA549CE9 V1 EN

SO#1 (X100:10-11-12) Pickup Signal

Figure 44:

Common pickup signal

The TP-1 is a timer and used for setting the minimum pulse length for the outputs.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

71

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

Trip(1) TRPPTRC1
PICKUP TRIP PICKUP TRIP

Trip(2) TRPPTRC2
PICKUP TRIP PICKUP TRIP

SO#2 (X100:13-14-15) Trip Signal

GUID-7E976C74-3F94-4023-89FD-0E62CC5766C6 V1 EN

Figure 45:

Common trip signal

3.4.3.4

Functional diagram for voltage protections


Two overvoltage (59-1,59-2) protections, two undervoltage (27-1,27-2) protections, one residual overvoltage (59G) protection and one negative-sequence undervoltage (47) protection are provided for alarm purpose only in the default configuration. Users can select any or all of the protections for tripping using the Signal Matrix tool.

72

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

OVER & UNDER VOLTAGE PROTECTION


59-1
3U>(1) PHPTOV1
VA,VB,VC PICKUP BLOCK TRIP

59-2
3U>(2) PHPTOV2
VA,VB,VC PICKUP BLOCK TRIP

59G
U0>(1) ROVPTOV1
VG BLOCK
PICKUP TRIP

OVER & UNDER VOLTAGE PROTECTION


OR
LED8

27-1
3U<(1) PHPTUV1
VA,VB,VC PICKUP BLOCK TRIP

60-Pickup

27-2
VA,VB,VC PICKUP BLOCK TRIP

3U<(2) PHPTUV2

47
VA,VB,VC PICKUP BLOCK TRIP

U2> NSPTOV1

GUID-B8A1B7D7-4F8F-46CE-B2E2-D5AAD79D2219 V1 EN

Figure 46:

Overvoltage, undervoltage, and negative sequence voltage protections

3.4.3.5

Functional diagram for optional ARC flash detection and autoreclosing


Optional ARC flash detectors (AFD 1-3) are included in the standard configuration. The ARC flash detection offers individual function blocks for each of the three ARC sensors that can be connected to the IED. Each ARC protection function block has two different operation modes, with or without the phase current check.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

73

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

ARC(1) ARCSARC1
IA, IB, IC IG BLOCK REM_FLT_ARC OPR_MODE TRIP ARC_FLT_DET

LED10

ARC(2) ARCSARC2
IA, IB, IC IG BLOCK REM_FLT_ARC OPR_MODE TRIP ARC_FLT_DET

ARC(3) ARCSARC3
IA, IB, IC IG BLOCK REM_FLT_ARC OPR_MODE TRIP ARC_FLT_DET

GUID-19A57C71-5055-4521-AA56-C8BD5F51EDA3 V1 EN

Figure 47:

Arc flash detection

Trip signals from the ARC protection function blocks are connected to the Master Trip Logic and also to the alarm LED 10 as a common arc flash detection. The autorecloser is configured to be initiated by operate signals from a number of protection stages through the INIT1-5 inputs. It is possible to create individual autoreclosing sequences for each input.

74

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

AUTORECLOSING (Optional)
79 51P -trip 51N -trip 51G -trip 46-1 -trip 46-2 -trip 67/50P-1 -trip 67/50P-2 -trip 67/50N-1 -trip 67/50N-2 -trip 67/51P -trip 67/51N -trip 50P-3 -trip 50N-3 -trip 50G-3 -trip 52 -selected AFD-1 -trip AFD-2 -trip AFD-3 -trip External AR Blocking X120 BI 4 49F -InhRec X120 BI 3 (CB Open)
GUID-FE025888-1CCB-4B71-9BB5-2F188592AE62 V1 EN

OR
O->I DARREC1
PROT_CRD INIT_1 INIT_2 OPEN CB CLOSE CB INPRO UNSUC_RECL AR_ON LOCKED

OR

INIT_3 INIT_4 INIT_5 INIT_6 DEL_INIT_2 DEL_INIT_3

RECLOSER LOCKOUT
LED 7

OR OR

DEL_INIT_4 ON/OFF INHIBIT_RECL THERMOVL_BLK CB_POS CB_RDY

OR

NOTES: 1) DASHED LINE INDICATES OPTIONAL INPUT BASED ON CONFIGURATION.

Figure 48:

Autoreclosing

The autoreclosing function can be blocked with the INHIBIT_RECL input. As a default, the operation of some selected protection functions is connected to this input. A control command to the circuit breaker, either local or remote, will also block the autoreclose function via the 52-1-selected signal. The circuit breaker availability for the autoreclosure sequence is expressed with the CB_RDY input in 79. In the configuration, this signal is not connected to any of the binary inputs. As a result, the function assumes that the breaker is available all the time.

3.4.3.6

Functional diagram for optional additional ground overcurrent protection


Optional additional ground overcurrent protection provides more sensitive ground overcurrent protection when necessary.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

75

Section 3 REF615 variants

1MAC109554 C

GROUND OVERCURRENT PROTECTION (OPTIONAL)


51G
I0>(1) EFLPTOC1
IG PICKUP TRIP

BI 1 (Blocking)

BLOCK ENA_MULT

OR

86/94LED
TRIP_NEUT TRIP_NEUT

NEUTRAL / GROUND TRIP


LED4

TRIP(1) LEDPTRC

50G-3
I0>>>(1) EFIPTOC1
IG BLOCK ENA_MULT PICKUP TRIP

TIME TRIP
LED5

OR

INSTANTANEOUS TRIP
LED 6

GUID-C91BD513-143F-4154-A045-399457B2D796 V1 EN

Figure 49:

Ground overcurrent protection

3.4.3.7

Optional sensitive earth fault and high impedance fault detection


SENSITIVE EARTH FAULT PROTECTION
51N 50SEF
I0>(2) EFLPTOC2
PICKUP BLOCK TRIP BLOCK IG

OR

I0>(3) EFLPTOC3
PICKUP TRIP

NEUTRAL / SEF TRIP


LED 4

50N-3
I0>>>(2) EFIPTOC2
PICKUP BLOCK TRIP

FROM DIRECTIONAL GROUND FAULT PROTECTION

GUID-D9DBE355-6C7A-4D42-A679-CF3C2FAD22B9 V1 EN

Figure 50:

Sensitive earth-fault protection

76

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 3 REF615 variants

PHIZ1 PHIZ1
HIZ DETECTION
BLOCK

TRIP
LED11

GUID-81DC07F7-4A53-4918-8FDD-66BD24B6A191 V1 EN

Figure 51:

High impedance fault detection

The sensitive earth-fault protection (50SEF) and high impedance fault detection (HIZ) provide protection against high impedance faults. If the load unbalance is high, 50SEF needs to be set high to avoid misoperations which renders 50SEF ineffective for such applications. In those cases, HIZ can provide detection which would otherwise be undetected.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

77

78

1MAC109554 C

Section 4 Requirements for measurement transformers

Section 4

Requirements for measurement transformers

4.1
4.1.1

Current transformers
Current transformer requirements for non-directional overcurrent protection
For reliable and correct operation of the overcurrent protection, the CT has to be chosen carefully. The distortion of the secondary current of a saturated CT may endanger the operation, selectivity, and co-ordination of protection. However, when the CT is correctly selected, a fast and reliable short circuit protection can be enabled. The selection of a CT depends not only on the CT specifications but also on the network fault current magnitude, desired protection objectives, and the actual CT burden. The protection settings of the IED should be defined in accordance with the CT performance as well as other factors. Appropriate 'C' class CT should be used based on the total resistances of the CT secondary circuit. If other accuracy class CTs are used then refer the following discussions.

4.1.1.1

Current transformer accuracy class and accuracy limit factor


The rated accuracy limit factor (Fn) is the ratio of the rated accuracy limit primary current to the rated primary current. For example, a protective current transformer of type 5P10 has the accuracy class 5P and the accuracy limit factor 10. For protective current transformers, the accuracy class is designed by the highest permissible percentage composite error at the rated accuracy limit primary current prescribed for the accuracy class concerned, followed by the letter "P" (meaning protection).
Table 22:
Accuracy class

Limits of errors according to IEC 60044-1 for protective current transformers


Current error at rated primary current (%) 1 3 Phase displacement at rated primary current minutes centiradians 60 1.8 Composite error at rated accuracy limit primary current (%) 5 10

5P 10P

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

79

Section 4 Requirements for measurement transformers

1MAC109554 C

The accuracy classes 5P and 10P are both suitable for non-directional overcurrent protection. The 5P class provides a better accuracy. This should be noted also if there are accuracy requirements for the metering functions (current metering, power metering, and so on) of the IED. The CT accuracy primary limit current describes the highest fault current magnitude at which the CT fulfils the specified accuracy. Beyond this level, the secondary current of the CT is distorted and it might have severe effects on the performance of the protection IED. In practise, the actual accuracy limit factor (Fa) differs from the rated accuracy limit factor (Fn) and is proportional to the ratio of the rated CT burden and the actual CT burden. The actual accuracy limit factor is calculated using the formula:
Fa Fn
A071141 V1 EN

Sin + Sn Sin + S

Fn Sin S

the accuracy limit factor with the nominal external burden Sn the internal secondary burden of the CT the actual external burden

4.1.1.2

Non-directional overcurrent protection The current transformer selection


Non-directional overcurrent protection does not set high requirements on the accuracy class or on the actual accuracy limit factor (Fa) of the CTs. It is, however, recommended to select a CT with Fa of at least 20. The nominal primary current I1n should be chosen in such a way that the thermal and dynamic strength of the current measuring input of the IED is not exceeded. This is always fulfilled when I1n > Ikmax / 100, Ikmax is the highest fault current. The saturation of the CT protects the measuring circuit and the current input of the IED. For that reason, in practice, even a few times smaller nominal primary current can be used than given by the formula.

80

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 4 Requirements for measurement transformers


Recommended pickup current settings
If Ikmin is the lowest primary current at which the highest set overcurrent stage is to trip, the pickup current should be set using the formula: Current pickup value < 0.7 x (Ikmin / I1n) I1n is the nominal primary current of the CT. The factor 0.7 takes into account the protection IED inaccuracy, current transformer errors, and imperfections of the short circuit calculations. The adequate performance of the CT should be checked when the setting of the high set stage overcurrent protection is defined. The trip time delay caused by the CT saturation is typically small enough when the overcurrent setting is noticeably lower than Fa. When defining the setting values for the low set stages, the saturation of the CT does not need to be taken into account and the pickup current setting is simply according to the formula.

Delay in operation caused by saturation of current transformers


The saturation of CT may cause a delayed IED operation. To ensure the time selectivity, the delay must be taken into account when setting the trip times of successive IEDs. With definite time mode of operation, the saturation of CT may cause a delay that is as long as the time the constant of the DC component of the fault current, when the current is only slightly higher than the pickup current. This depends on the accuracy limit factor of the CT, on the remanence flux of the core of the CT, and on the trip time setting. With inverse time mode of operation, the delay should always be considered as being as long as the time constant of the DC component. With inverse time mode of operation and when the high-set stages are not used, the AC component of the fault current should not saturate the CT less than 20 times the pickup current. Otherwise, the inverse operation time can be further prolonged. Therefore, the accuracy limit factor Fa should be chosen using the formula: Fa > 20*Current pickup value / I1n The Current pickup value is the primary pickup current setting of the IED.

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

81

Section 4 Requirements for measurement transformers


4.1.1.3 Example for non-directional overcurrent protection

1MAC109554 C

The following figure describes a typical medium voltage feeder. The protection is implemented as three-stage definite time non-directional overcurrent protection.

A071142-ANSI V2 EN

Figure 52:

Example of three-stage overcurrent protection

The maximum three-phase fault current is 41.7 kA and the minimum three-phase short circuit current is 22.8 kA. The actual accuracy limit factor of the CT is calculated to be 59. The pickup current setting for low-set stage (51P) is selected to be about twice the nominal current of the cable. The trip time is selected so that it is selective with the next IED (not visible in the figure above). The settings for the high-set stage and instantaneous stage are defined also so that grading is ensured with the downstream protection. In addition, the pickup current settings have to be defined so that the IED operates with the minimum fault current and it does not trip with the maximum load current. The settings for all three stages are as in the figure above. For the application point of view, the suitable setting for instantaneous stage (50P-3) in this example is 3 500 A (5.83 x I2n). For the CT characteristics point of view, the criteria given by the current transformer selection formula is fulfilled and also the IED setting is considerably below the Fa. In this application, the CT rated burden could have been selected much lower than 10 VA for economical reasons.

82

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 5 IED physical connections

Section 5

IED physical connections

5.1
5.1.1
5.1.1.1

Inputs
Energizing inputs
Phase currents
The IED can also be used in single or two-phase applications by leaving one or two energizing inputs unoccupied. However, at least terminals X120/7-8 must be connected.
Table 23:
Terminal X120-7, 8 X120-9, 10 X120-11, 12

Inputs for phase currents


Description IA IB IC

5.1.1.2

Ground current
Table 24:
Terminal X120-13, 14

Inputs for ground current


Description IG

5.1.1.3

Phase voltages
Table 25:
Terminal X130-11, 12 X130-13, 14 X130-15, 16

Phase voltage input included in configuration FA02


Description VA VB VC

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

83

Section 5 IED physical connections


5.1.1.4 Ground voltage
Table 26:
Terminal X130-17, 18

1MAC109554 C

Additional ground voltage input included in configuration FA02


Description VG

5.1.2

Auxiliary supply voltage input


The auxiliary voltage of the IED is connected to terminals X100/1-2. At DC supply, the positive lead is connected to terminal X100-1. The permitted auxiliary voltage range is marked on the LHMI of the IED on the top of the HMI of the plug-in unit.
Table 27:
Terminal X100-1 X100-2

Auxiliary voltage supply


Description + Input - Input

5.1.3

Binary inputs
The binary inputs can be used, for example, to generate a blocking signal, to unlatch output contacts, to trigger the digital fault recorder or for remote control of IED settings. Terminals X120/1-6 are binary input terminals. An additional BIO module can be included in slot 110.
Table 28:
Terminal X110-1 X110-2 X110-3 X110-4 X110-5 X110-6 X110-6 X110-7 X110-8 X110-9 X110-9 Table continues on next page

Binary input terminals X110-1...13 included in configurations FA01 and FA02


Description BI1, + BI1, BI2, + BI2, BI3, + BI3, BI4, BI4, + BI5, + BI5, BI6, -

84

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 5 IED physical connections


Terminal X110-10 X110-11 X110-12 X110-12 X110-13 Description BI6, + BI7, + BI7, BI8, BI8, +

Table 29:
Terminal X120-1 X120-2 X120-3 X120-2 X120-4 X120-2 X120-5 X120-6

Binary input terminals X120-1...6


Description BI1, + BI1, BI2, + BI2, BI3, + BI3, BI4, + BI4, -

Table 30:
Terminal X130-1 X130-2 X130-2 X130-3 X130-4 X130-5 X130-5 X130-6 X130-7 X130-8 X130-8 X130-9

Binary input terminals X130-1...9, optional configuration FA01


Description BI1, + BI1, BI2, BI2, + BI3, + BI3, BI4, BI4, + BI5, + BI5, BI6, BI6, +

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

85

Section 5 IED physical connections 5.1.4 Optional light sensor inputs

1MAC109554 C

If the IED is provided with the optional communication module with light sensor inputs, the pre-manufactured lens-sensor fibers are connected to inputs X13, X14 and X15, see the terminal diagrams.For further information, see arc flash detector. The IED is provided with connection sockets X13, X14 and X15 only if the optional communication module with light sensor inputs has been installed. If the arc flash detector option is selected when ordering an IED, the light sensor inputs are included in the communication module.
Table 31:
Terminal X13 X14 X15

Light sensor input connectors


Description Input Light sensor 1 Input Light sensor 2 Input Light sensor 3

5.2
5.2.1

Outputs
Outputs for tripping and controlling
Output contacts PO1, PO2, PO3 and PO4 are heavy-duty trip contacts capable of controlling most circuit breakers. On delivery from the factory, the trip signals from all the protection stages are routed to PO3 and PO4.
Table 32:
Terminal X100-6 X100-7 X100-8 X100-9 X100-15 X100-16 X100-17 X100-18 X100-19 X100-20 X100-21 Table continues on next page

Output contacts
Description PO1, NO PO1, NO PO2, NO PO2, NO PO3, NO (TCM resistor) PO3, NO PO3, NO PO3 (TCM1 input), NO PO3 (TCM1 inputr), NO PO4, NO (TCM resistor) PO4, NO

86

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 5 IED physical connections


Terminal X100-22 X100-23 X100-24 Description PO4, NO PO4 (TCM2 input), NO PO4 (TCM2 input), NO

5.2.2

Outputs for signalling


Output contacts SO1 and SO2 in slot X100 or SO1, SO2, SO3 and SO4 in slot X110 or SO1, SO2 and SO3 in slot X130 (optional) can be used for signalling on pickup and tripping of the IED. On delivery from the factory, the pickup and alarm signals from all the protection stages are routed to signalling outputs. Output contacts of slot X110 are optional. Output contacts of slot X130 are available in the optional BIO module (BIOB02A).
Table 33:
Terminal X100-10 X100-11 X100-12 X100-13 X100-14

Output contacts X100-10...14


Description SO1, common SO1, NC SO1, NO SO2, NO SO2, NO

Table 34:
Terminal X110-14 X110-15 X110-16 X110-17 X110-18 X110-19 X110-20 X110-21 X110-22 X110-23 X110-24

Output contacts X110-14...24


Description SO1, common SO1, NO SO1, NC SO2, common SO2, NO SO2, NC SO3, common SO3, NO SO3, NC SO4, common SO4, NO

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

87

Section 5 IED physical connections

1MAC109554 C

Table 35:
Terminal X130-10 X130-11 X130-12 X130-13 X130-14 X130-15 X130-16 X130-17 X130-18

Output contacts X130-10...18


Description SO1, common SO1, NO SO1, NC SO2, common SO2, NO SO2, NC SO3, common SO3, NO SO3, NC

5.2.3

IRF
The IRF contact functions as an output contact for the self-supervision system of the protection IED. Under normal operating conditions, the IED is energized and the contact is closed (X100/3-5). When a fault is detected by the self-supervision system or the auxiliary voltage is disconnected, the output contact drops off and the contact closes (X100/3-4).
Table 36:
Terminal X100-3 X100-4 X100-5

IRF contact
Description IRF, common Closed; IRF, or Vaux disconnected Closed; no IRF, and Vaux connected

88

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

1MAC109554 C

Section 6 Glossary

Section 6

Glossary

100BASE-FX A physical media defined in the IEEE 802.3 Ethernet standard for local area networks (LANs) that uses fibre-optic cabling 100BASE-TX A physical media defined in the IEEE 802.3 Ethernet standard for local area networks (LANs) that uses twisted-pair cabling category 5 or higher with RJ-45 connectors ANSI BI BI/O BO CB CT DFR DNP3 American National Standards Institute Binary input Binary input/output Binary output Circuit breaker Current transformer Digital fault recorder A distributed network protocol originally developed by Westronic. The DNP3 Users Group has the ownership of the protocol and assumes responsibility for its evolution. Electromagnetic compatibility Generic Object Oriented Substation Event Human-machine interface Hardware International standard for substation communication and modelling Intelligent electronic device A set of four numbers between 0 and 255, separated by periods. Each server connected to the Internet is assigned a unique IP address that specifies the location for the TCP/IP protocol. Inter-Range Instrumentation Group's time code format B Local area network Connector type for glass fiber cable Liquid crystal display
89

EMC GOOSE HMI HW IEC 61850 IED IP address

IRIG-B LAN LC LCD


REF615 ANSI Application Manual

Section 6 Glossary

1MAC109554 C

LED LHMI Modbus

Light-emitting diode Local human-machine interface A serial communication protocol developed by the Modicon company in 1979. Originally used for communication in PLCs and RTU devices. Medium voltage Protection and Control IED Manager Power output Galvanic connector type Serial interface standard Serial link according to EIA standard RS485 Signal output Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol Trip-circuit supervision Wide area network Web human-machine interface

MV PCM600 PO RJ-45 RS-232 RS-485 SO TCP/IP TCS WAN WHMI

90

REF615 ANSI Application Manual

91

Contact us

ABB Inc. Distribution Automation 4300 Coral Ridge Drive Coral Springs, FL 33065, USA Phone +1 (800) 523-2620 Phone +1 954-752-6700 Fax +1 954 345-5329 www.abb.com/substationautomation

1MAC109554 C Copyright 2010 ABB. All rights reserved.