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West Centre for West Asian Studies School of International Studies Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi - 110067 2010


The Gulf Studies Programme (GSP) is an autonomous unit in the Centre for West Asian Studies (CWAS), School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. It was established in March 1978. Following the approval of the University Grants Commission (UGC), the GSP has developed into a vibrant centre of activities organizing seminars, symposia and lectures besides teaching, research and publications. Initially, the focus of its activities was confined to the Gulf Cooperation Countries, i.e. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, U.A.E., Oman, Qatar and Bahrain, now, Iran, Iraq and Yemen are also covered to provide a holistic perspective. According to UGC guidelines an advisory committee of eminent scholars, policy makers and representatives from industry and trade, provide the guidelines, and steers the academic agenda of the programme as per the UGC recommendations. It is run by a Director appointed by the JNU Vice-Chancellor for two years term. The programme since its inception has been promoting studies on issues of contemporary relevance and of academic importance. In promoting these studies, the focus is not only on the historical, political, economic and strategic dimension of emerging bilateral relations but also on policy framework. Other areas include Religious Revivalism in the Gulf Region; Non-Resident Indian Entrepreneurs from the Gulf; Democratic Movements and Processes; Arms Race in the region and India; and Indias Energy Security. Thrust Areas: Political Reform process in the Gulf countries: The Gulf countries are engaged in reform process. In the preliminary stage, the reforms have acquired recognition both as pace setter as well as legitimizing instrument of external stakes. Either ways the implications are significant in contributing towards the stability and security of the region. The nature and pace of the reforms are not only matter of academic interest in terms of democracy discourse but have policy consequences especially with reference to religion and democracy. The GSP attempts to map these developments and make an assessment. Globalization and Regionalism in the Gulf: Though Globalization remains the dominant mode in determining international relations, the regional pressures seems to be pushing for articulating the local interest in regional format. While at West Asian level initiatives are on, the Gulf countries too have worked out a road map towards regional common market. The GCC monetary union is on card. These are indeed developments of serious implications for country like India having high economic stakes in the region. GSP is involved in academic research to understand the studies reflecting the dynamics of the new regionalism in the region and its impact on India. Gulf Energy and Asian Regional Energy Cooperation: The growing reliance of Asia on the Gulf hydrocarbon and the recognition of Asia as emerging market have brought a qualitative shift in global energy balance. It is even apprehended that competition for Gulf Energy could lead to conflicts. In the context of the new political economy of energy, the synergy between buyers and sellers are emphasized. OPEC

and IEA are making strong plea for consumer-producer dialogue. Asian stakeholders too need to explore the frame of cooperation ensuring mutual energy security. The GSP having initiated a step in this direction would like to focus on charter for Asian energy cooperation in the coming years. Gulf society in information age: The cyber revolution has opened the information space confronting the Gulf societies with new realities. The new interface with the information flow is transforming the social dynamics be in war and peace times. Empowered with information and knowledge, the Gulf societies are going to witness a silent revolution of values, norms, and ethics in social domain. This could be an unprecedented phase in social transformation. It could also be a gateway to enhance the engagement of the Gulf societies with the dissenting voices of the region. GSP delves academically into the social fabric of the region to comprehend these changes in the otherwise closed society of the Gulf and tries to look beyond the parameter of human rights. Indians in the Gulf: Of late overseas Indians have acquired their own identity and importance. Besides contributing remittances, the Gulf Indians are emerging as ambassadors in forging new linkages with the region. While localization of Gulf labor market might shrink the space for low skilled workers, the rise of non oil economy is opening opportunities of enduring nature. The Arab Human Development Report has underlined the deficit in human resources in the region as factor affecting the development pace of the region. India with its quality and cost effective human resource could be a big source in bridging the deficit. The GSP proposes to examine the potential and prospects of Indian workers/expatriates in the Gulf. GSP Faculty: The faculty under the GSP has been drawn from different disciplines such as Political Science, Economics, History and Sociology. This has contributed in promoting interdisciplinary research and teaching on the region. It is reflected in the composition of the courses offered at M.A, M.Phil and Ph.D levels of the Centre. The following is the faculty under GSP. Faculty: Dr. Gulshan Dietl Dr. Girijesh Pant Dr. A. K. Pasha Dr. Prakash C. Jain Sima Baidya Professor Professor Professor Professor Assistant Professor

Director: AK Pasha, M.A., M.A., M. Phil., Ph.D. (2009-2010) Former Directors : Prof. M S Agwani, Founder Director (1978-88); Prof. A H H Abidi (1988-91); Prof. K R Singh (1991-93); Prof. Gulshan Dietl (1993-94; 2005-07); Prof. Girijesh Pant (1994-96; 1999-2002; 2008); Prof. AK Pasha [199799; 2002-2003]; Dr S N Malakar [2003-05].

Courses Offered: Title of the Courses West Asian Economics: Issues in Development Political Economy of the Gulf States Wars in the Gulf: Causes, Courses and Consequences Politics and Foreign Policy of Iran since the Revolution Social Systems in the Arabian Peninsula Research Methodology West Asian Political Systems Government and Politics in GCC States India, West Asia and North Africa

Course-in-Charge Prof. Girijesh Pant Prof. Girijesh Pant Prof. Gulshan Dietl Prof. Gulshan Dietl Prof. Prakash C. Jain Prof. Prakash C. Jain Prof A.K. Pasha Prof. A.K.Pasha Prof. A.K.Pasha

Publications under the Auspices of the Programme: Books M.S. Agwani, ed., The Gulf in Transition (New Delhi: South Asian Publishers, 1987). A.H.H. Abidi, ed., Indo-Gulf Economic Relations: Patterns, Prospects and Policies (New Delhi: Intellectual Publishing House, 1989). A.H.H. Abidi & K.R.Singh, eds., The Gulf Crisis (New Delhi: Lancers Books, 1992). K.R.Singh, ed., Post War Gulf: Implications for India (New Delhi: Lancers Books 1993). G.Pant, A.K.Pasha & P.C. Jain, Contemporary Iran and Emerging Indo-Iranian Relations (New Delhi: Neelkanth Publishers, 1996). A.K. Pasha, ed., India and Oman: History, State, Economy and Foreign Policy (Delhi: Gyan Sagar Publications, 1999). A.K. Pasha, ed., India, Bahrain and Qatar: Political, Economic, and Strategic Dimensions, (Delhi: Gyan Sagar Publications, 1999). A.K. Pasha. ed., India, Kuwait: Strategic, Economic and Political Developments, (New Delhi: Gyan Sagar Publications, 1999). A.K. Pasha, ed., Perspectives on India and the Gulf States, (New Delhi: Dtente Publications, 1999) A.K. Pasha, ed., Contemporary Gulf: State, Society, Economy and Foreign Policy, (Delhi: Dtente Publications, 1999) S.N.Malakar, Sreedhar, ed., The Second Coming, US War on Iraq 2003: An Indian Perspective, [Delhi: Academic Excellence, 2004). S.N.Malakar, ed., Indias Energy Security and the Gulf, [Delhi: Academic Excellence, 2006). Contemporary Saudi Arabia and the Emerging Indo-Saudi Relations, [New Delhi: Shipra Publications, 2007] (Co-Editors: Gulshan Dietl, G.Pant, A.K.Pasha and P.C. Jain).


GSP Faculty and Publications on the Gulf Region

He has served as Chairperson and is now Director, Gulf Studies Programme at the CWAS, SIS, JNU. He has been Director, Maulana Azad Centre for Indian Culture, Cairo, Egypt. He has authored, edited and co-edited and contributed chapters to over sixty books published in India and abroad on India, Gulf, West Asia and North Africa. His research articles have been published in over twenty national and international journals. He holds M.A. Degrees in Middle Eastern Studies and Political Science from Mysore University; M. Phil and Ph.D from CWAAS/SIS, Jawaharlal Nehru University. He has previously taught at the Centre of West Asian Studies, Aligarh Muslim University, India. He had been a Research Fellow at the Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University, Egypt. He is associated with the Gulf Research Centre, Dubai, UAE. His research, teaching and writing focused on Gulf/West Asia and North Africa. He is on the editorial board of several national and international journals. He is a frequent commentator/analyst on international affairs especially on West Asian and North African issues for Radio and TV in India and abroad. He can be contacted at AK Pasha, The Gulf in Turmoil: A Global Response (New Delhi: Lancers Books, 1992) Editor. AK Pasha, India and OIC: Strategy and Diplomacy (New Delhi: Centre for Peace Studies, 1995) AK Pasha, Kuwait: Strategies of Survival (New Delhi: Har Anand, Publications, 1995) AK Pasha, India and West Asia: Continuity and Change (Delhi: Gyan Sagar Publications, 1999) AK Pasha, Aspects of Political Participation in the Gulf States (New Delhi: Kalinga Publications, 1999) AK Pasha, ed., India and Oman: History, State, Economy and Foreign Policy (Delhi: Gyan Sagar Publications, 1999). AK Pasha, ed., India, Bahrain and Qatar: Political, Economic, and Strategic Dimensions, (Delhi: Gyan Sagar Publications, 1999). AK Pasha. ed., India, Kuwait: Strategic, Economic and Political Developments, (Delhi: Gyan Sagar Publications, 1999). AK Pasha, ed., Perspectives on India and the Gulf States, (Delhi: Dtente Publications, 1999) AK Pasha, ed., Contemporary Gulf: State, Society, Economy and Foreign Policy, (Delhi: Dtente Publications, 1999)

AK Pasha, India, Iran and the GCC States: Political Strategy and Foreign Policy, (New Delhi: Manas Publications: 2000).Editor AK Pasha, Iraq: Sanctions and Wars (New Delhi: Sterling Publications, 2003). AK Pasha, Iran, Iraq and the Gulf [Delhi: Academic Publishers, 2010]. AK Pasha, India and the Gulf Region: Maritime History, Trade, Security and Political Reforms, Forthcoming. AK Pasha, India and the GCC States: Historical, Geopolitical and Strategic Perspectives [Forthcoming] AK Pasha, Indias Relations with West Asia and North Africa: Continuity and Change in Economic, Political and Security Interests [Forthcoming] AK Pasha, Indias Foreign Policy towards the Gulf Region [Forthcoming] AK Pasha, India-Iran Relations: Contemporary Dynamics [Forthcoming] Has published many research articles in journals like Punjab Journal of Politics; Strategic Analysis; India Quarterly; The Middle East; Asian Affairs (London); Dtente; Encounter, Politics India, Third Concept; World Focus; Third World Impact; Hardnews, Mainstream; Journal of Peace Studies; Link, Journal of West Asian Studies; Jadavpur Journal of International Relations (Kolkata); Journal of Gulf and Arabian Peninsula Studies; Strategic Studies Bahrain; Yavanika; Area Studies(Tirupathi); Global Education Society and Development, (New Delhi) India International Center Quarterly, Kuwait News among many others. His articles on contemporary West Asian/and Indo-Gulf issues have appeared in Indian and Gulf newspapers too like the Times of India, The Pioneer, Sunday Mail, The Statesman, Current, Radiance and India Abroad, Arab News, Bahrain Tribune, Khaleej News among others.

She has served as the Chairperson, Centre for West Asian and African Studies and Director of the Gulf Studies Programme at her University. Her areas of teaching and research are domestic developments, foreign policies and security issues in the Gulf and West Asia. She has been a Fulbright Scholar-in-Residence at the Mount Saint Mary College, Newburgh, New York (1993-94), a Guest Research Fellow at the Copenhagen Peace Research Institute (1998-99), a Visiting Professor at the University of Kashmir (2004) a Visiting Professor at the Fondation de la Maison des Sciences de lHomme, Paris (2008) and a Visiting Professor at the University of Southern Denmark (2010). Gulshan Dietl, Through Two Wars and Beyond: A Study of GCC (New Delhi: Lancers Books, 1991)


Gulshan Dietl, Saudi Arabia: People, Politics and Policies (New Delhi: National Book Trust, 2006) Gulshan Dietl, Contemporary Saudi Arabia and the Emerging Indo-Saudi Relations (New Delhi: Shipra Publications, 2007) Co-edited with G Pant, AK Pasha and PC Jain. She has published research papers and articles in journals like International Studies; Man and Development; the Political Science Review; Economic and Political Weekly; The Social Scientist; Secular Democracy; India and Foreign Review: Mainstream; India Quarterly; Punjab Journal of Politics; Quarterly of the Strategic Studies; Arabia; The Middle East, Islamic World Review; Orient; South; Mission Aktuell. Strategic Analysis; and India International Center Quarterly. GIRIJESH PANT He has served as the Chairperson, Centre for West Asian and African Studies and Director, Gulf Studies Programme, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He holds a Masters degree in Economics from Allahabad University and a doctorate from the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He was Vice-Chancellor, GGD University, Bilaspur, India and Vice President, Indian Academy of Social Sciences and Senior Fellow at the University of Illinois, USA. At present he is the Vice Chancellor of Doon University, Uttarakhand. He can be contacted at Girijesh Pant, The Political Economy of West Asia: Demography, Democracy and Economic Reforms (New Delhi: Manak Publications, 1994), Editor. Girijesh Pant, The Arab Gulf Economies (New Delhi: Har Anand Publications, 1996) Girijesh Pant, Contemporary Iran and Emerging Indo-Iranian Relations (New Delhi: Neelkanth Publishers, 1996) Co-edited with A.K.Pasha and P.C. Jain. Girijesh Pant, Indias Energy Security: Prospects for Cooperation with Extended Neighborhood, jointly with Prof. S.D. Muni (New Delhi: Rupa and Co., 2005). Girijesh Pant, India: The Emerging Energy Player, (New Delhi: Pearson Longman, 2008). Has published in research journals like International Studies; Foreign Affairs Reports; (ICWA); The Middle East; The Muslim World Year Book; World Focus; Link; Contemporary Affairs; Think India; Indian Review of African Affairs; Quarterly of Strategic Studies; Mainstream; Social Scientist; Problems of Non Alignment; South Asian Studies; and South Asia Survey.

Earlier he has taught at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi and Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi. Dr. Jain received his M.A. (Sociology) degree from Banaras Hindu University and Ph.D. (Sociology) from Carleton University, Ottawa. He was a recipient of the Canadian Commonwealth Scholarship for his doctoral work. His areas of academic interest include West Asian Social Studies, Indian International Migration and Diaspora and Research Methodology. He can be contacted at Prakash C. Jain, Indian Diaspora in West Asia: A Reader, ed., (New Delhi: Manohar Publishers and Distributors, 2007). Prakash C. Jain, Population and Society in West Asia: Essays in Comparative Demography (Jaipur: National Publishing House, 2002) Prakash C. Jain, Non-Resident Indian Entrepreneurs in the United Arab Emirates, (New Delhi: Manak Publications, 2010) Prakash C. Jain and Kundan Kumar, eds, Indian Trade Diaspora in the Gulf Countries (forthcoming) Prakash C. Jain, Indian Diaspora in the Gulf Region (forthcoming) Has published in research journals like Man and Development, International Studies; Third World Impact; Sociological Bulletin; Journal of Contemporary Asia; Economic and Political Weekly; Mainstream; India Quarterly; and Journal of Peace Studies.

She graduated from Presidency College, Calcutta, holds M. A. from Jadavpur University and M. Phil from Jawaharlal Nehru University. Briefly she taught at the Universities of Kalyani and Calcutta. Her area of teaching and research are Irans Foreign Policy, Energy and Persian Gulf Politics. She is the author of Dissent in the Land of Arab (Delhi: Academic Excellence, 2007). She has published articles in Mainstream; World Focus. She has presented papers in many national and international Seminars. She can be contacted at Monograph: Another academic exercise in the GSP is the occassional publication of Monograph on pertinent issues. The recent onslaught of War on Iraq has raised many questions in the academic circle and this has enthused the Programme faculty to bring out in 2008 a monograph titled War on Iraq, 2003-2008.


Working /Occasional Paper Series

GCC Economies: West Asia and the Changing World Order Girijesh Pant Kuwait: Strategies of Survival A.K.Pasha Aspects of Indian Emigration to the Gulf Countries P.C.Jain From Rentier State to Market: Political Economy in Kuwait Girijesh Pant Relations between India and Iran; 1947-1979 A.H.H.Abidi Aspects of Political Participation in Saudi Arabia A.K.Pasha Human Resource Development in the GCC States P.C.Jain Prospects of Financial Cooperation- India & Gulf Mohammed Azhar Iraq: Facing to Challenges K.R.Singh The Role of Gulf States in the Arab-Israeli Peace Process A.K.Pasha Tipu Sultans Diplomacy in the Gulf Region A.K.Pasha Iraq: Foreign Intervention and Regime Survival A.K.Pasha Security and Stability in the Gulf/West Asian Region A.K.Pasha Indo-Bahrain Relations: Contours of a Stable Partnership Bansidhar Pradhan Bahrain: Threat Perception and Military Response K.R.Singh Indo-Qatari Trade in the Nineties Mohammed Azhar Indo-Kuwait Economic Relations Mohammed Azhar India-Oman Economic Ties in the Nineties Mohammed Azhar Problem and Prospects of HRD in the GCC Countries P.C. Jain India and the Gulf States: Challenges and Opportunities A.K.Pasha Population and Society in Bahrain P.C.Jain and H.Mishra Bahrains Economic Foundations Mohammed Azhar The Omani Economy: An Indian Perception Mohammed Azhar The Qatari Economy: Moving into the Post-Oil Era Mohammed Azhar Indo-Omani Relations: Bansidhar Pradhan Aspects of Political Participation in the GCC States A.K.Pasha The Kuwait Economy: An Indian Perspective Mohammad Azhar Perspectives on Indo-Saudi Relations A.K.Pasha Contemporary Yemen and Indo-Yemeni Relations P.C. Jain and R.A. Laskar GCC Aid to India Mohammad Azhar The Struggle for Political Participation in Bahrain A.K.Pasha GCC Economies: West Asia and the Changing World Order Girijesh Pant Project Market in the Arab Gulf Region and India Girijesh Pant Project Export to the Gulf Countries Girijesh Pant India-Gulf Trade S.N.Yadav Indo-Bahrain Economic Relations in the Nineties Mohammad Azhar India and the Gulf States: Challenges and Opportunities A.K.Pasha Notes on Iranian Emigration and Diaspora P.C. Jain and J.A. Khan Man Power Export and Remittances Girijesh Pant Indo-Saudi Relations: Growing Cooperation A.K. Pasha Indias Energy Security: The Gulf Factor Girijesh Pant

Indo-Gulf Cooperation in Maritime Security K. R. Singh Persian Gulf Security: Past Perspectives, Future Prospects M.H. Ansari Remapping Global Energy: The Iranian Options Gulshan Dietl Indians in Oman P.C.Jain Role of Egypt and India in Euro-Asian Maritime Trade A.K. Pasha Islam in Post Khomeini Iran Anwar Alam Indians in the United Arab Emirates P.C.Jain Indian Ocean and Piracy in the Gulf of Aden. V.S. Seth Political Reforms in GCC States A.K. Pasha Emerging Investment Climate between India and U.A.E Javed Ahmed Khan On the Success of NRI Entrepreneurs in the U.A.E P.C. Jain India-GCC-China and the Emerging Global Order Faisal Ahmed Turmoil in the Gulf Region: Challenges to Indian Foreign Policy A.K. Pasha Lessons from South East Asia to Gulf Maritime Security Rajaram Panda India and GCC Countries Ishrat Aziz India and Oman Ishrat Aziz India and the Gulf: The Maritime Security Dimension G.V. C. Naidu Linking Mecca with the Great Wall Itamar Yong Bin Lee Indo-Iranian Relations: Emerging Issues A.K. Pasha U.A. E: Some Perspectives Ishrat Aziz Gulf Energy Security: The Changing Dynamics B.K. Singh The U.A.E.s Economic Policy Samir Pradhan Indias Cultural Diplomacy in West Asia A.K.Pasha Gulf and Emerging Asia: Defining Regional Architecture Ishrat Aziz Gulf-Asia Contacts: A Historical Overview A.K. Pasha India and U.A.E.: Challenges and Opportunities A.K. Pasha The Jewel of Muscat Faisal Ahmed The Ottomans, India and the Indian Ocean. Pius M.C. Melenkandathil Indias Quest for Energy Security: Situating the Gulf Sanju Gupta Social Demography, Migration, Development in U.A.E Anisur Rahman Maritime Relations: A Study of Tipu Sultans Period C. Gurusiddaiah India and Oman: Energy Security Partnership A.K. Pasha Gulf-Asia Relations Intensifying Cooperation Samir Pradhan Oil as a Factor in West Asia Development B.K. Singh The Portuguese and the Decline of Indo-Arab Maritime Trade A.K. Pasha Oman and Zanzibar : Indo-Arab Cultural Convergence Mukhtar Alam Qatars Sheikh Jassim and India A.K. Pasha Indian Diaspora in the Arab World P.C. Jain & Kundan Kumar Importance of Hormouz in Indo-Arab Trade Sima Baidya The Merchants of Malabar in GCC States Omar Khalidi The Trade of Merchants of Basrah and Surat Omar Khalidi Al Qasimis Resistance against British Imperialism in the Gulf Rafiullah Azmi Indo-Arab Trade Relations Md Azhar

Seminars/Symposiums organised
India and West Asia, held in October, 1981 Dynamics of Development in the Gulf: Social, Economic and Political Dimensions, held on 11-13 January, 1983, Director Dr MS Agwani, Papers published Indo-Gulf Economic Relations, held on 25th April, 1986, Convener Dr G Pant, Papers Published under Dr AHH Abidi Peace in the Gulf: Problems and Prospects, held on 3rd September, 1988 The Gulf Crisis, held on 25-26th October, 1990, Director AHH Abidi, Papers published under AHH Abidi and KR Singh Post-War Gulf, held on 27 March 1992, Director Dr KR Singh, Papers published Indo-Iranian Relations in the Nineties, held on 24 &25 March 1994, Director Dr G Pant, Papers published under G Pant, AK Pasha and PC Jain Iraq in the Nineties, held on 8 November 1994, Convener Dr AK Pasha Bahrain: State, Economy and Foreign Policy, held on 29 March 1997, Director Dr AK Pasha, Papers published Contemporary Qatar and Emerging Indo-Qatari Ties, 9-10 February 1998, Papers Published, Director A. K. Pasha Contemporary Kuwait and Emerging Indo-Kuwaiti Relations, held on 17-18 February 1998, Director Dr AK Pasha, Papers Published Oman: State, Economy and Foreign Policy, held on 30 April & 1 May, 1998, Director Dr AK Pasha, Papers Published Two Day National Seminar on Indias Energy Security and the Gulf, held on 19-20 February, 2004, Director Dr SN Malakar, Papers published One Day National Seminar on Globalisation and Emerging Issues in the Gulf, held on 26 March, 2004 National Seminar on Globalization and Emerging Issues in the Gulf, 26 March, 2004 One day National Seminar on Contemporary Saudi Arabia and the Emerging Indo-Saudi Relations on 31st March, 2006, Director Gulshan Dietl, Papers published under G Dietl, G. Pant, A.K. Pasha and P.C. Jain One Day National Seminar on GCC Investments in Asia: Issues and Prospects on 15th January, 2009 by Prof. Girijesh Pant, Director, Gulf Studies Programme Indian Diaspora in the Gulf countries, 19 March, 2009, Convener Prof. P.C. Jain Contemporary UAE and the Emerging Indo-UAE Relations on 23 March, 2009, Director Prof A.K. Pasha, Select papers published Three day international seminar on Gulf and Emerging Asia: Defining Regional Architecture, 24-26 March, 2009, Director Dr A.K. Pasha. Select papers published Democratization in the Gulf: The Challenges Ahead, 27, March, 2009, Convener Prof. Gulshan Dietl

Two day international seminar on People, Culture and Goods in Motion: IndiaArab Maritime Historical Relations, 3-4 March, 2010, Director Prof. A.K. Pasha, papers published

Projects Under the Programme

Studies on Maritime Resources and Prospects of Cooperation with special reference to Oil and Gas Islamic Groups and ideology Maritime and Gulf Security Defense and Security issues between Gulf and South Asia. India, Iran and Central Asia: Prospects of Cooperation Emergence of Economic Cooperation Organization: Implications for India Non-Resident Indian Entrepreneurs in the Gulf Transnational Gas Pipelines: The case of IPI Chinas Energy Engagement with GCC countries Indian Entrepreneurs in Bahrain and Iran Role of Civil Society in the Political Process: A Comparative Study of UAE and Kuwait *******************

For details contact

Professor A.K. Pasha

Director, Gulf Studies Programme, Room No.354, Centre for West Asian Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi-110067 Phones: 26704371; 26704372 [O]; 26741396 [R]; 9811481704 [M]; Fax: 26741586 Office: Room 360, SIS, JNU Email: 1]; 2]; 3]