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# Section -1 (

## straight objective type )

1- A straight smooth tunnel is dug in the earth which can be assumed as a uniformly dense sphere of mass M and radius R. The distance of the tunnel from earth center is X. A particle of mass m is placed in the tunnel an allowed to move. The particle , during its motion presses the tunnel wall with force which is (a) zero (b) constant at all positions in the tunnel and directly proportional to X (c) directly proportional to distance from the center of earth. (d) constant at all positions in the tunnel and inversely proportional to X 2-In the arrangement shown, a uniformly dense rod of mass MR is hinged at one end and its other end is tied to a massless string which is passing over a fixed pulley as shown and other end of the string carry a block of mass m. In the equilibrium , the rod makes angle from the horizontal and the string makes angle from the horizontal. Read following statements : (i) m g sin = MR g (ii) 2m sin( + ) = M cos (a) only (i) is correct (c) both (i) and (ii) are correct (b) only (ii) is correct (d) none of (i) and (ii) is correct.

3- A uniformly dense cylinder is projected horizontally with some speed without rotational velocity on a horizontal uniformly rough ground at time t =0.The rolling of the cylinder gets established at time t = T. If the rotational kinetic energy of the cylinder at times t = T/2 , 2T and 3 T are RE1 , RE2 and RE3 respectively then (a) RE1 =RE2 = RE3 (c) 4 RE1 = RE2 = RE3 (b) RE1 =2RE2 > RE3 (d) 2 RE1 =RE2 > RE3

4- When a particle of mass m moves on the equator from east to west with velocity v relative to the earth surface, it presses the earth with a force F1 and when it moves west to east with same relative speed v, it presses the earth with force F2 . If angular speed of earth is we , F2 F1 = (a) 2m v we (b) 4m v we (c) -2m v we (d) -4 m v we

5- A particle is taken from surface of the earth to height H above the earth surface by spending energy E1 against gravity and then it is projected by imparting additional energy E2 so that the particle starts rotating in circular path around the earth. Then (a) E1 > E2 for any value of H (c) E1 > E2 only if H < Re / 2 (b) E1 > E2 only if H > Re / 2 (d) E1 = E2 for any value of H

6- A particle is rotating in circular path around the center of earth with some speed v . The orbit of the particle is at height 1.5 Re from the earth surface. The particle is stopped in the orbit and then projected towards earth center with same speed v with which it was rotating. The particle will hit the earth surface with speed (a) v (b) v 2 (c) 4 v (d) 2 v

7- A projectile of mass 0.1 kg , is projected horizontally from the highest point of a tower, with speed 30 m/s. Angular momentum of the projectile about the point of projection, 4 second after the projection is (a) 120 kg-m2 s-1 (b) 720 kg-m2 s-1 (c) 240 kg-m2 s-1 (d) zero

8- A uniform rod of length L and mass M hinged at one end , is released from the horizontal position. The rod begins to rotate about the hinged end. Read the following two statements: (i) Just after its release the resultant acceleration of the COM of the rod will be lesser than g (ii) When the rod becomes vertical, the resultant acceleration of the COM of the rod will be directed upward. (a) only (i) is correct (c) both (i) & (ii) are correct (b) only (ii) is correct (d) none of (i) and (ii) is correct.

9- A uniform rod of length d and mass m is allowed to fall freely for some time under gravity. When velocity of the rod is v then suddenly, one end of the rod is caught by a man and the man did not allow this end to move at all. Just after one end of the rod is caught, its angular momentum about the COM of the rod will be (a) zero SECTION-2 (b) m v d/2 (c) m v d /12 (d) m v d /8

## ( Assertion & Reason type )

In this section four questions are given and each question is followed by two statements. In the answer sheet, mark (a) if both the statements are true and statement 2 is correct explanation of the statement 1 (b) if both the statements are true but statement 2 is not correct explanation of the statement 1 (c) if the statement 1 is true but the statement 2 false (d) if the statement 1 is false but the statement 2 is true.
10- Statement 1 : The angular momentum, about the origin ,of any particle moving under the influence of the only force F = - (2 x) i + ( -2y) j will remain constant.

## because Statement 2 : The force

F = - (2 x) i + ( -2y) j is a central force and under central forces , angular momentum remains constant. 11- Statement 1 : A disc with center C is rolling without slip on a fixed surface. The speed of point P will be greater than the velocity of point Q.

because Statement 2 : In rolling motion without slip, speed of any point is proportional to the distance
from the center. 12- Statement 1 : Gravitational potential on the earths center is lesser than that of its surface. because Statement 2 : Gravitational potential of the point will be more if positive external work is required against the gravitational field to reach at the point.. 13- Statement 1: A rod of non uniform density , having its center of mass not at the center, will fall without rotation if released freely from horizontal orientation. because Statement 2 : The gravitational force will not provide any torque on the rod about its center of mass as the gravitational force has its line of action passing from the center of mass it self.

## SECTION-3 ( Linked Comprehension Type )

This section contains two paragraphs P14-16 and P17-19 .Each paragraph is followed by 3 questions with their multiple options for their answers. Choose the only one options which is most correct. P14-16 : Paragraph for the Q. No 14 to 16 There is a solid sphere of uniform density and radius R. Assume the gravitational potential at infinity to be zero. The center of the sphere is at C 14-Consider the masses in the portion in a region enclosed by a very thin spherical shell of mean radius R /2 and thickness x ( << R/2) around the center C. The gravitational potential due to these masses only, at distance R/4 from the center C will be nearly (a) -2G R x (b) -4G R x (c) zero (d) -G R x

15- Due to the whole mass of the sphere, let the gravitational potentials at distances r1 and r2 from the center C are 1 and 2 respectively. Then if both r1 and r2 are lesser than R, then | 1 - 2 | will be (a) zero (c) proportional to | 1/r1 - 1/r2 | (b) proportional to | r12 - r22 | (d) proportional to | r1 - r2 |

16-Let there be a point P at distance R /2 from the center C. If the masses contained in the region between radius R /2 to R is removed , then at the point P (a) gravitational field is not affected but gravitational potential increases. (b) both the gravitational field & gravitational potential decreases. (c) both the gravitational field & gravitational potential increases. (d) gravitational field is not affected but gravitational potential decreases.

P17-19 : Paragraph for the Q. No 17 to 19 In the fig shown, a ring ( in fig-1) and a uniform disc ( in fig-2) are placed in vertical plane with their centers fixed. Both are being rotated with the help of massless in extensible strings wrapped around them as shown by the two persons. Both persons are apllying constant and equal down ward forces on the strings. Initially both bodies are at rest. Both ring and disc have equal mass and equal radii.
17- At any time t ( > 0) , ratio of the angular momentum of the ring to that of the disc about their centers will be (a) 1 : 1 (b) 1 : 2 (c) 2 : 1 (d) 1 : 4

18- The ratio of the kinetic energy of the ring to that of the disc at any time t will be (a) 1:1 (b) 1 : 2 (c) 2 : 1 (d) 4 : 1 19- The number of revolutions of the ring to that of disc up to certain time t will be (a) 4 : 1 (b) 1 : 2 (c) 2 : 1 (d) 1:4

SECTION-4 ( Matrix- Match Type ) 20-A particle of mass m ,is moving on a circular path of radius R with constant speed. The time

period of the motion is T. Let the center is at point C and there is a fixed point P located on the circumference of the circle and the at time t =0, the particle at distance 2R from the P .Some physical quantities related to the particle are mentioned in the column I and their description are

given in the column II. Match the items in the column I with the correct descriptions given in the column II and indicate your answer by darkening appropriate bubbles in the 4 x4 matrix given . Column I Column II (A) Angular momentum about C (p) becomes zero twice in each cycle (B) Torque about C (C) Angular momentum about P (D) Torque about P (q) is always zero (r) remains constant and non zero (s) is 2 m R2 / T at the time t =T/4

21-Four identical , uniformly dense rods , each of mass M and length L are lying on smooth horizontal table. They are subjected to the forces as shown in the column I. The center of each rod is represented by the point c and in the second and third fig i.e. (B) and (C) , the forces P/2 are at equal distances L /4 from the center c . Based on the response of the rods , the possible features of the motion of the rod are given in the column II. Match the items in the column I with the correct descriptions in the column II and indicate your answer by darkening appropriate bubbles in the 4 x4 matrix given . Column I Column II (A) (p) the rod moves without rotation c P
(B) c P/2 P (C) (r) the rod both rotates and translates P/2 (q) the rod rotates without translation

P (D)

c
(s) acceleration of the point c is P/M

22- Satellites A and B of masses M and 2M respectively, are rotating in the circular orbit of radii Re
i.e. very close to earth and 2Re respectively , under the effect of earths force. The orbit of the satellite A is in equatorial place and the orbit of satellite B contains poles of the earth In the following column I, some physical quantity related to the satellites is mentioned and in the column II, some statement or value of these quantities in relation to A and B are given .Match the items in the column I with the correct descriptions in the column II and indicate your answer by darkening appropriate bubbles in the 4 x4 matrix given. Column I Column II (a) kinetic energy of A and B (p) are of same magnitude

## (b) square of the speed of A & B

(q ) are in ratio 2 : 1