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INTRODUCTION

Distributed generation can be considered as taking power to the load. Distribution generator promises to generate electricity with high efficiency and low pollution. Unlike large central power plants, Distribution generator can be installed at or near the load. Distribution generator ratings range from 5 kW up to 100 MW. Maintenance cost for

Distribution generator such as fuel cells and photovoltaics is quite low because of the absence of moving parts. Several recent developments have encouraged the entry of power generation and energy storage at the Distributed level. Some of the major ones are listed below. . 1. With expanded choice, customers are demanding customized power supplies to suit their needs. 2. Advent of several technologies with reduced environmental impacts and high conversion efficiencies. 3. Advent of efficient and cost-effective power electronic interfaces to improve reliability and power quality. 4. Ability to effectively control a number of components and subsystems using state-ofthe-art computers to manage loads, demands, power flows, and customer requirements. Several Distributed generation technologies are under various stages of development. They include micro turbines, photovoltaic systems (PV), wind energy conversion systems (WECS), gas turbines, gas-fired IC engines, diesel engines, and fuel cell systems. At present, wind energy has become the most competitive among all renewable energy technologies. Integration of Distribution generator into an existing utility can result in several benefits. These benefits include line loss reduction, reduced environmental impacts, increased overall energy efficiency, relieved transmission and Distributed congestion.

LITERATURE SURVEY
P.Chiradeja[1] The impending deregulated environment facing the electric utilities in the twenty first century is both a challenge and an opportunity for a variety of technologies and operating scenarios. The need to provide acceptable power quality and reliability will create a very favorable climate for the entry of distributed resources and innovative operating practices. Of all the different parts of an electric power system, customers identify closely with the Distributed subsystem due to its proximity and visibility on a daily basis. Several recent developments have encouraged the entry of power generation and energy storage at the Distributed level. A distributed utility will use both distributed resources and load

management to achieve its goal. In addition, several compact distributed generation technologies are fast becoming economically viable. Integration of Distributed generator into an existing utility can result in several benefits. These benefits include line loss reduction, improved voltage profile, reduced environmental impacts, peak shaving, increased overall energy efficiency, relieved transmission and Distributed congestion and deferred investments to upgrade existing generation, transmission, and Distributed systems. Benefits are not limited to utility. Customers also benefit from distributed generation in term of better quality of supply at lower cost. H.S Manougian[2] The power systems of the twenty first century promise to differ significantly from those of the past. Increasing significance is being given to non-traditional sources of energy, such as wind and solar. As new sources of generation are connected at the Distributed level, a number of potential benefits arise, as well as multiple challenges. Among the potential benefits of installing new distributed generation onto the network are increased reliability, deferral of capital expenditures, decreased environmental impact, and a savings in losses as the transportation of power over long distances is avoided. Loss reduction is often a major goal in the planning of distributed generation on a given feeder and different methods

have been developed to minimize power losses by selecting the appropriate capacity and placement of new distributed generation. The fact that introducing distributed generation will affect system losses is clear [3]. The resistance of an electric cable is not negligible. As power flows along the length of the line, some power will be lost as heat according to (1) Power loss = current square * resistance--------------------1 One must note therefore, that the ability of distributed generation to affect line losses lies in its ability to change the current flowing through the system. If the current is halved power losses are reduced by a factor of four. However, if the current flowing were actually to increase because of the new distributed generation, power losses would also increase by the square of the change. It can be concluded, therefore, that the addition of distributed generation has the potential to either increase or decrease power line losses or even both as system parameters change. An economic analysis of installing distributed generation on a given feeder is carried out. The objective of the exercise is to determine the optimal sizing and sating of new wind turbines. It is assumed that the power production of the wind turbines is the main source of uncertainty. Distributed line losses are an important factor, which are minimized by executing a genetic algorithm.

PROBLEM FORMULATION
3.1 Introduction Distributed generation can be considered as taking power to the load. Distribution generator promises to generate electricity with high efficiency and low pollution. Unlike large central power plants, Distributed generator can be installed at or near the load. Distribution generator ratings range from 5 kW up to 100 MW. Maintenance cost for

Distribution generator such as fuel cells and photovoltaics is quite low because of the absence of moving parts. Voltage level is reduced due to long length of the feeder, voltage drop due to losses or by any other relevant reasons. Distribution generator promises to generate electricity with high efficiency and low pollution. So as at load end, if the Distributed generator integrated between the load and source. The voltage level will be definitely improved and supply delivered to load will be proper magnitude and quality. Reliability of the system will also improve.

OBJECTIVES
Objectives: 1. To improve the voltage level by use of the Distribution generator, this is integrated between source and load or at load end. 2. Supply delivered to load more uniformly.
3. Comparison of the improvement of voltage level at various buses of the test network.

METHODOLOGY Methodology: 1. Use the Newton- Raphson method algorithm for load flow on test system. 2. Insert the Distributed generator between the source where there is fall in voltage level at buses and load or at load end. 3. Control the voltage level by use of Distributed generator voltage. 4. Select the place of Distributed generator.