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# HT.

NO: 08F41F0040 Program No:-1 Program Name: Write a Java program that prints all real solutions to the quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c =0. Read in a,b,c and use the quadratic formula. If the discriminate b2 - 4ac is negative; display a message stating that there are no real solutions. class roots { public static void main(String args[ ]) { int a,b,c,n; double sol,root1,root2; a=Integer.parseInt(args[0]); b=Integer.parseInt(args[1]); c=Integer.parseInt(args[2]); n=(b*b)-(4*a*c); sol=Math.sqrt(n); if(n>0) { System.out.println("The roots are real and equal"); root1=(-b+Math.sqrt(n))/2*a; root2=(-b-Math.sqrt(n))/2*a; System.out.println("The solution set is ("+root1+","+root2+")"); } else { System.out.println("The solution is not exit"); } } /**********Output********* D:\dslab>javac roots.java D:\dslab>java roots 1 7 6 The roots are real and equal The solution set is (-1.0,-6.0) D:\dslab>java roots 1 2 1 No real solutions exits*/

Program No:-2

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 Program Name: The Fibonacci sequence is defined by the following rule. The first two values in the sequence are 1 and 1. Every subsequent value is the run of the two values preceding it. Write a Java program that uses both recursive and non-recursive functions to print the nth value in the Fibonacci sequence. /* Fibonacci series by using recursion*/ import java.io.*; class fib1 { public static void main(String args[])throws IOException { fib1 f=new fib1(); BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader (new InputStreamReader(System.in)); System.out.print("Enter the series range : "); int n=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); System.out.print("Enter the sequence position : "); int m=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); for(int i=0;i<=n;i++) { if(i==m) System.out.print("The fibonacci number at position "+m+" is "+f.fib(i)); } } int fib(int n) { if(n==1) return 1; if (n==0) return 0; return (fib(n-1)+fib(n-2)); } }

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 Enter the sequence position : 9 The fibonacci number at position 9 is 34 D:\dslab\varun>java fib1 Enter the series range : 30 Enter the sequence position : 7 The fibonacci number at position 7 is 13 */ /* Fibonacci series by using non-recursion*/ import java.io.*; class fib { int prev=0,cur=1; public static void main(String args[])throws IOException { int n,i,j; fib f=new fib(); BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader (new InputStreamReader(System.in)); System.out.println("Series Range"); n=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); System.out.println("Enter the sequenc position "); j=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); i=1; while(true) { i++; int k=f.fibonac(); if(k<n) { if(j<=i) if(i==j) { System.out.println("the fibonaci no. of"+j+"is "+k); break; } } else if(j> i) { System.out.println("not in fib range"); break; } } } int fibonac()

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 { int temp=prev; prev=cur; cur=cur+temp; return cur; } } /**********OUTPUT********** D:\dslab>javac fib.java D:\dslab>java fib Series Range 10 Enter the sequenc position 5 the fibonaci number of 6 is 8. D:\dslab>java fib Series Range 10 Enter the sequenc position 9 not in fib range */

Program No:-3 Program Name: Write a Java program that prompts the user for an integer and then prints out all prime numbers up to that Integer. import java.io.*; class prime { public static void main(String args[])throws IOException { int count=0,n,i,j; BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); n=Integer.parseInt(args[0]); for(i=2;i<=n;i++) { count=0; for(j=1;j<=n;j++)

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 { if(i%j==0) { count++; } } if(count==2) System.out.print(" "+i); } } } /**********Output********** D:\dslab>javac prime.java D:\dslab>java prime 5 The prime number series is 2 3 5 D:\dslab>java prime 15 The prime number series is 2 3 5 7 11 13 */

Program No:-4 Program Name: Writa a Java program that checks whether a given string is a palindrome or not Ex: MADAM is a palindrome. import java.io.*; class palindrome { public static void main(String args[ ])throws IOException { String Str2=new String(); String Str1=new String(); BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); System.out.print("Enter string : "); Str1=br.readLine(); for(int i=(Str1.length())-1;i>=0;i--) Str2=Str2+Str1.charAt(i); if(Str1.equals(Str2)) System.out.println(Str1+ " is palindrome"); else System.out.println(Str1+ " is not palindrome");

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 } } /********Output************ D:\dslab>javac palindrome.java D:\dslab>java palindrome Enter the string : MALAYALAM MALAYALAM is palindrome D:\dslab>java palindrome Enter the string: SREENATH SREENATH is not palindrome */

Program No:-5 Program Name: Write a Java program for sorting a given list of names in ascending order. import java.io.*; class sorting { public static void main(String args[])throws IOException { BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); System.out.print("enter the array size : "); int n=Integer.parseInt (br.readLine()); String Str[]= new String[n]; System.out.println("enter the name"); for(int k=0;k<n;k++) Str[k]=br.readLine(); for(int i=0;i<Str.length;i++) for(int j=i+1;j<Str.length;j++) { if(Str[j].compareTo(Str[i])<0) { String temp=Str[i]; Str[i]=Str[j]; Str[j]=temp; } }

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 System.out.println(" stings ascending order is"); for(int i=0;i<n;i++) System.out.println(" "+Str[i]); } }

/*********Output********** D:\dslab>javac sorting.java D:\dslab>java sorting 5 Enter the array size : 5 Enter the names : Sreenath Hari Chandu Varun Bhanu Stings ascending order is Bhanu Chandu Hari Sreenath Varun */

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Program No:-6 Program Name: Write a Java program to multiply two given matrices import java.io.*; class matrix1 { public static void main(String args[])throws IOException { BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader (new InputStreamReader(System.in)); System.out.println("enter array size"); int n=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); int a[][]=new int[n][n]; int b[][]=new int[n][n]; int c[][]=new int[n][n]; System.out.println("enter matrix A"); for(int i=0;i<n;i++) { for(int j=0;j<n;j++) { a[i][j]=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); } } System.out.println("enter matrix B"); for(int i=0;i<n;i++) { for(int j=0;j<n;j++) { b[i][j]=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); } } System.out.println("Matrix multiplication is "); for(int i=0;i<n;i++) { for(int j=0;j<n;j++) {c[i][j]=0; for(int k=0;k<n;k++)

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 { c[i][j]=c[i][j]+(a[i][k]*b[k][j]); } System.out.println(c[i][j]+" "); } } } } /*********Output********* D:\dslab>javac matrix1.java D:\dslab>java matrix1 Enter array size 2 Enter matrix A 2 2 2 2 Enter matrix B 2 2 2 2 Matrix multiplication of A and B is 8 8 8 8 */

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 Program No:-7 Program Name: Write a Java program reads a line integers, and then displays each integer, and the sum of all integers (use String Tokenizer class) /* To find sum of numbers using StringTokenizer*/ import java.io.*; import java.util.*; class tokens { public static void main(String args[])throws IOException { int n=0; BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); String a=br.readLine(); StringTokenizer stoken=new StringTokenizer(a); while(stoken.hasMoreTokens()) { n=n+Integer.parseInt(stoken.nextToken()); } System.out.println("sum of no: "+n); } } /*********Output************ D:\dslab>javac tokens.java D:\dslab>java tokens : 6 8 10 Sum of numbers is : 24 */

Program No:8 Program Name :Write a Java program reads a file name from the user then displays information about whether the file exists,

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 whether the file is readable, whether the file is writable, the type of file and the length of the file in bytes. import java.io.*; class Filedemo { static void print(String s) { System.out.println(s); } public static void main(String args[]) { String filename=args[0]; File f1=new File(filename); print("filename :"+f1.getName()); print("pathname:"+f1.getPath()); print(f1.exists()?"exist": "Does not exist"); print(f1.canWrite()? "Writable": "is not writable"); print(f1.canRead()?"readable": "is not readable"); print("filesize:"+f1.length()+"Bytes"); } } / ********************OUTPUT***************************************** D:\dslab>javac Filedemo.java D:\dslab>java Filedemo fib.java filename :fib.java pathname:fib.java exist Writable readable filesize:810Bytes D:\dslab>java Filedemo fibretw.java filename :fibretw.java pathname:fibretw.java Does not exist is not writable is not readable filesize:0Bytes */ Program No:-9 Program Name: Write a Java program that reads a file and displays a file and displays the file on the screen, with a line number before each line import java.io.*; class AddLinenumbers

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 { public static void main(String args[]) { if(args.length<1) { System.out.println("File name not specified"); System.exit(0); } try { File f=new File(args[0]); FileReader fin=new FileReader(f); BufferedReader in= new BufferedReader(fin); String line=" "; int count=1; while((line=in.readLine())!=null) { System.out.println(count+":"+line); count++; } in.close(); } catch(IOException e) { System.out.println("Error opening file:"+e); } } }

/***********OUTPUT***************** D:\gaja>javac AddLinenumbers.java D:\gaja>java AddLinenumbers prime.java 1:class prime 2:{ 3:public static void main (String args[ ]); 4:{ 5:int prime=0,num; 6:num=Integer.parseInt(args[]); 7:for(int i=2;i<=num-1;i++) 8:{ 9:for(int j=2;j<30;j++)

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 10:if(i!=j) 11:{ 12:if(i%j==0) 13:{ 14:prime=0; 15:break; 16:} 17:else 18:prime=1; 19:} 20:if(prime==1) 21:System.out.println(i); 22:} 23:} 24:} */

Program No:-10 Program Name: Write a Java program that displays the number of characters, lines and words in a text file. // Display no.of lines,characters and words in a text file import java.lang.*; import java.io.*; import java.util.*; class WordCount { public static int words=0; public static int lines=0; public static int chars=0; public static void wc(InputStreamReader isr) throws IOException { int c = 0; boolean lastWhite = true; String WhiteSpace = "\t\n\r"; while((c=isr.read()) != -1) { chars++;

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 if(c=='\n') { lines++; } int index = WhiteSpace.indexOf(c); if(index == -1) { if(lastWhite == true) { ++words; } lastWhite = false; } else lastWhite = true; } if(chars != 0) ++lines; } public static void main(String args[]) { FileReader fr; try { InputStreamReader in = new InputStreamReader(System.in); BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(in); System.out.println("Enter the Filename: "); String fname = br.readLine(); fr = new FileReader(fname); wc(fr); } catch(IOException e) { System.out.println("caunght Exception: " + e); } System.out.println("Lines: " + lines + "\n Words: " + words + "\n Chars: " + chars); } } /********OUTPUT********** D:\java>javac WordCount.java D:\java>java WordCount Enter the Filename: totalmemory.txt Lines: 4

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

## HT.NO: 08F41F0040 Words: 4 Chars: 119 */

Program No:-11 Program Name: Write a Java Program for creating multiple threads a) Using Thread class b) Using Runnable interface. // 11) a). Using Thread Class import java.io.*; class Thread2 extends Thread { public void run() { for(int i=11;i<20;i++) System.out.print(i+ ); } } class thread1 { public static void main(String args[]) { Thread2 t=new Thread2(); t.start(); for(int i=0;i<10;i++) System.out.print(i+ ); } } /*********OUTPUT********** D:\dslab>javac thread1.java D:\dslab>java thread1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 11 9 12 13 15 16 17 18 19

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

*/

// b) Using Runnable interface. import java.io.*; class thread1 implements Runnable { public void run() { for(int i=11;i<20;i++) System.out.print(i+ ); } } class thread { public static void main(String args[]) { thread1 t1=new thread1(); Thread r=new Thread(t1); r.start(); for(int i=0;i<10;i++) System.out.print(i+ ); } }

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Program No:-12 Program Name: Write a Java Program that illustrates how run time polymorphism is achieved class super1 { int x; super1(int x) { this.x=x; } void display() { System.out.println("class super1 - variable X= "+x); } } class sub extends super1 { int y; sub(int x,int y) { super(x); this.y=y; } void display() { System.out.println("class super1 - variable x= "+x); System.out.println("class sub - variable y= "+y); } } class runtime { public static void main(String args[]) { sub s1=new sub(10,20); s1.display(); } } /***********Output********** D:\dslab>javac runtime.java D:\dslab>java runtime class super1 - variable x= 10 class sub variable y= 20 */ Program No:-13 Program Name: Write a Java program that illustrates the folloiwng

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 a) Creation of simple packagae b) Accessing a package c) Implementing interface Package structure Mypack(folder) | |--------mca(folder) | | | |-------a.java(interface) | |--------mba(folder) | | | |-------b.java(abstract class implementing interface a) | |--------c.java(class extending to class b) // a.java package mypack.mca; public interface a { public void print(); public void sum(int a,int b); } // b.java package mypack.mba; import mypack.mca.a; public abstract class b implements a { public void print() { System.out.println("iam in abstract class B"); } }

// c.java package mypack; import mypack.mba.b; public class c extends b { public void print1() {

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 print(); System.out.println("iam in Class c"); } public void sum(int a, int b) { System.out.println("The sum of the numbers is :" + (a + b)); } public static void main(String args[]) { c c1=new c(); c1.print1(); c1.sum(10, 20); } }

/*********OUTPUT************ D:\dslab\varun>javac mypack/c.java D:\dslab\varun>java mypack.c iam in abstract class B iam in Class c The sum of the numbers is :30 */

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Program No:-14 Program Name: Writa a Java program that illustrates the following a) Handling predefined exceptions b) Handling user defined exceptions // a) Handling predefined exceptions import java.io.*; class pd { public static void main(String args[]) throws ArithmeticException { int n=Integer.parseInt(args[0]); int a=Integer.parseInt(args[1]); pd d=new pd(); d.div(n,a); } void div(int n,int a)throws ArithmeticException { System.out.println("division:"+(n/a)); } } /*********Output********* D:\dslab>javac pd.java D:\dslab>java pd 6 2 Division of number is : 3 1D:\dslab>java pd 6 0 Exception in thread "main" java.lang.ArithmeticException: / by zero at pd.div(pd.java:13) at pd.main(pd.java:8) */

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 public static void main(String args[]) { int age; age=Integer.parseInt(args[0]); if(age<0) { try { throw new AgeNegative("Age should be +ve"); } catch(AgeNegative an) { an.printStackTrace(); } } else System.out.println("Age is "+age); } } class AgeNegative extends Exception { AgeNegative(String s) { super(s); } } /**********Output*********** D:\dslab>javac user.java D:\dslab>java user : 15 Age is 15 D:\dslab>java user -15 AgeNegative: Age should be +ve at user.main(user.java:12) */

Program No:-15 Program Name: Write a Java program that use both recursive and non-recursive functions for implementing the following searching methods. a. Linear Search b. Binary Search import java.io.*; public class search

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 { public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException { search s=new search(); int a[]; int ele,size,opt; BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); System.out.print("Enter the Size : "); size=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); a=new int[size]; System.out.println("Enter the elements in sorted order\n"); for(int i=0;i<size;i++) a[i]=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); do { System.out.print("Enter the number to search : "); ele=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); System.out.println("\n\tSearching techniques"); System.out.println("1. Linear Search 2. Binary Search"); System.out.print("Choose the searching technique : "); int ch=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); switch(ch) { case 1:s.LSearch(a,ele); break; case 2:s.BSearch(a,size,ele); break; default:System.out.println("Choose the Correct option"); } System.out.print("\nDo you want to continue (0 - false & 1 true): "); opt=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); }while(opt==1); } public void LSearch(int[] a,int ele) { for(int i=0;i<=a.length-1;i++)

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 if(a[i]==ele) System.out.println("\nEle. found at location "+(i+1)); } public void BSearch(int[] a,int size,int ele) { int lb=0,ub=size; while(lb<=ub) { int mid=(lb+ub)/2; if(a[mid] == ele) System.out.println("Element is found at "+(mid+1)); if(a[mid]<ele) lb=mid+1; else ub=mid-1; } } }

/********OUTPUT********* D:\mca_I_year>javac search.java D:\mca_I_year>java search Enter the Size : 8 Enter the elements in sorted order 12 14 28 29 35 38 67 79 Enter the number to search : 79 Searching techniques 1. Linear Search 2. Binary Search Choose the searching technique : 2 Element is found at 8

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 Do you want to continue (0 - false & 1 - true): 1 Enter the number to search : 14 Searching techniques 1. Linear Search 2. Binary Search Choose the searching technique : 1 Ele. found at location 2 Do you want to continue (0 - false & 1 - true): 0 */

Program No:-16 Program Name: Write a Java program to implement the following using arrays List ADT import java.util.*; class Listmethods { Scanner input = new Scanner (System.in); int n; int[] List = new int[10]; void Create() { int n,i; System.out.print("Enter LIST SIZE [== 10]: "); n = input.nextInt(); for(i=0;i<n;i++) { System.out.print("Enter Element "+i+" :"); List[i] = input.nextInt(); System.out.println("i= "+List[i]); } System.out.println(" The List has been Successfully Created: "); } void Display( ) { int i; System.out.println("\n The Created List is ...\n"); for( i=0; i<List.length; i++)

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 System.out.println(List[i]); } void Reverse() { int i; System.out.println("\n The Reverse List is ...\n"); for(i=List.length-1;i>=0;i--) System.out.println(List[i]); }

void Search() { int i,si; System.out.print("Enter Element to Search: "); si = input.nextInt(); for(i=0; i<List.length;i++) if(List[i] == si) { System.out.println("Search Element Found at Index: "+i); return; } System.out.println("Search Element Not Found"); } void Delete() { int i,si; System.out.print("Enter Element to DELETE: "); si = input.nextInt(); for(i=0;i<List.length;i++) if(List[i] == si) { List[i] = -1; System.out.println("ELEMENT DELETED"); System.out.println("[-1 indicates as DELETED]"); return; } System.out.println("Search Element Not Found - can't Delete."); } } class ListADT { public static void main(String args[]) { Listmethods s = new Listmethods();

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 Scanner input = new Scanner(System.in); int i = 1; int[] List = new int[10]; int choice; do { System.out.println("\n 1.CREATE \n 2.DISPLAY \n 3.REVERSE "); System.out.println("\n 4.SEARCH \n 5.DELETE \n 6.QUIT "); System.out.print("Enter your choice(1-6) : "); choice = input.nextInt(); switch(choice) { case 1: s.Create(); break; case 2: s.Display(); break; case 3: s.Reverse(); break; case 4: s.Search(); break; case 5: s.Delete(); break; case 6: System.exit(0); break; default: System.out.println("Invalid Choice. Try 1-6\n"); } }while(i<=choice); } } /********OUTPUT********** D:\JAVA>javac ListADT.java D:\JAVA>java ListADT 1.CREATE 2.DISPLAY 3.REVERSE 4.SEARCH 5.DELETE 6.QUIT Enter your choice(1-6) : 1 Enter LIST SIZE [== 10]: 10 Enter Element 0 :10 i= 10 Enter Element 1 :20 i= 20 Enter Element 2 :30 i= 30 Enter Element 3 :40 i= 40 Enter Element 4 :50 i= 50 Enter Element 5 :60

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 i= 60 Enter Element 6 :70 i= 70 Enter Element 7 :80 i= 80 Enter Element 8 :90 i= 90 Enter Element 9 :100 i= 100 The List has been Successfully Created: 1.CREATE 2.DISPLAY 3.REVERSE 4.SEARCH 5.DELETE 6.QUIT Enter your choice(1-6) : 2 The Created List is ... 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1.CREATE 2.DISPLAY 3.REVERSE 4.SEARCH 5.DELETE 6.QUIT Enter your choice(1-6) : 3 The Reverse List is ... 100 90 80 70 60 50 40

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 30 20 10 1.CREATE 2.DISPLAY 3.REVERSE 4.SEARCH 5.DELETE 6.QUIT Enter your choice(1-6) : 4 Enter Element to Search: 50 Search Element Found at Index: 4 1.CREATE 2.DISPLAY 3.REVERSE 4.SEARCH 5.DELETE 6.QUIT Enter your choice(1-6) : 5 Enter Element to DELETE: 50 ELEMENT DELETED [-1 indicates as DELETED] 1.CREATE 2.DISPLAY 3.REVERSE 4.SEARCH 5.DELETE 6.QUIT Enter your choice(1-6) : 2 The Created List is ... 10 20 30 40 -1 60 70 80 90 100 1.CREATE 2.DISPLAY 3.REVERSE 4.SEARCH 5.DELETE

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

*/

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Program No:-17 Program Name: Write a Java program to implement the foloiwng using an array. a) Stack ADT b) Queue ADT // a) Stack ADT using array import java.util.*; class Stackmethods { Scanner input = new Scanner (System.in); int top = -1; int data[ ] = new int[5]; void push() { if(top==4) System.out.print("Stack OverFlow"); else { System.out.print("Enter Data: "); top++; data[top] = input.nextInt(); } } void pop( ) { if(top==-1) System.out.println("Stack Underflow"); else { System.out.println("Poped element is: " + data[top]); top = top -1; } } void display() { if(top==-1) System.out.println("Stack Underflow"); else { for(i=top;i>=0;i--) { if(i==top) System.out.print("Top -> " + data[i]); else

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 System.out.print(" } } } } class StackADT { public static void main(String args[]) { Stackmethods s = new Stackmethods(); Scanner input = new Scanner(System.in); int i = 1; int data[i] = new int[10]; System.out.println("\n 1.PUSH \n 2.POP \n 3.DISPLAY \n 4. EXIT \n "); System.out.println("\n 4.SEARCH \n 5.DELETE \n 6.QUIT "); int choice; do { System.out.println("Enter your Choice: " ); choice = input.nextInt(); switch(choice) { case 1: s.push(); break; case 2: s.pop(); break; case 3: s.display(); break; case 4: System.exit(0); break; default: System.out.println("Invalid Choice"); } }while(i<=choice); } } " + data[i]);

/*******OUTPUT******

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Enter your Choice: 1 Enter Data: 10 Enter your Choice: 1 Enter Data: 20 Enter your Choice: 1 Enter Data: 30 Enter your Choice: 3 Top -> 30 20 Enter your Choice: 2 Poped element is: 30 Enter your Choice: 3 Top -> 20 10 Enter your Choice: 4 */ 10

// b) Queue ADT import java.util.*; import java.io.*; class Queue { BufferedReader br; private int maxsize,front,rear,nitems; private int[] qarray; public Queue(int n) {

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 maxsize=n; qarray=new int[maxsize]; front=0; rear=-1; nitems=0; } public void insert() throws IOException { if(isFull()!=true) { int data; System.out.println("Enter element to insert : "); br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); data=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); if(rear==(maxsize-1)) rear=-1; qarray[++rear]=data; nitems++; System.out.println("New element is inserted\n"); } else System.out.println("Queue is full. can't perform Insertion."); } public void delete() { if(isEmpty()!=true) { front++; if(front==maxsize) front=0; nitems--; System.out.println("First element is deleted\n"); } else System.out.println("Queue is empty."); } public boolean isEmpty() { return(nitems==0); } public boolean isFull() { return(nitems==maxsize); }

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

public void display() { if(isEmpty()!=true) { System.out.println("Queue : "); for(int i=front;i<=rear;i++) System.out.println(qarray[i]); } else System.out.println("Queue is empty."); } } class q { public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException { BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); System.out.print("Enter the Queue size : "); int n=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); Queue q1=new Queue(n); int i=1; int ch; do { System.out.println("\nQUEUE"); System.out.println("--------"); System.out.println("1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit"); System.out.print("Enter the choice : "); ch=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); switch(ch) { case 1:q1.insert(); break; case 2:q1.delete(); break; case 3:q1.display(); break; case 4:System.exit(0);

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

## HT.NO: 08F41F0040 default:System.out.println("Invalid choice"); } }while(1<=ch); } }

/***********OUTPUT********** D:\mca_I_year>java q Enter the Queue size : 3 QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit Enter the choice : 1 Enter element to insert : 34 New element is inserted QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit Enter the choice : 1 Enter element to insert : 23 New element is inserted QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit Enter the choice : 1 Enter element to insert : 56 New element is inserted

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit Enter the choice : 1 Queue is full. can't perform Insertion. QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit Enter the choice : 3 Queue : 34 23 56 QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit Enter the choice : 2 First element is deleted QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit Enter the choice : 3 Queue : 23 56 QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit Enter the choice : 4 */

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Program No:-18 Program Name: Write a Java program that reads a infix expression, converts the expression to postfix and postfix evaluation(use stack ADT) a. Infix to Postfix conversion import java.io.*; import java.util.*; class Intopost { java.util.Stack<Character> s = new java.util.Stack<Character>(); public String topost(String infix) { infix = "(" + infix + ")"; String postfix = ""; for (int i = 0; i < infix.length(); i++) { char ch, item; ch = infix.charAt(i); if (isOperand(ch)) postfix = postfix + ch; if (ch == '(') s.push(ch); if (isOperator(ch)) { item = s.pop(); if (isOperator(item)) { if (precedence(item) >= precedence(ch)) { s.push(item); s.push(ch); } else {

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

## HT.NO: 08F41F0040 postfix = postfix + item; s.push(ch); } } else { s.push(item); s.push(ch); } }

if (ch == ')') { item = s.pop(); while (item != '(') { postfix = postfix + item; item = s.pop(); } } } return postfix; } public boolean isOperand(char c) { return (c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z'); } public boolean isOperator(char c) { return (c == '+' || c == '-' || c == '*' || c == '/'); } public int precedence(char c) { int rank = 1; if (c == '+' || c == '-') rank = 2; return rank; } } class Postfix { public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 { BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); Intopost p=new Intopost(); String s; System.out.print("Enter the Infix expression : "); s=br.readLine(); System.out.println("Infix expression : " + s); System.out.println("Postfix expression : "+p.topost(s)); } }

/**********OUTPUT*********** D:\java\mca_I_year>java Postfix Enter the Infix expression : (A*(B+C)-D) Infix expression : (A*(B+C)-D) Postfix expression : ABC+*DD:\java\mca_I_year>java Postfix Enter the Infix expression : A*((B+C)-D) Infix expression : A*((B+C)-D) Postfix expression : ABC+D-* */ b. Postfix Evaluation import java.io.*; class Peval { public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException { java.util.Stack<Integer> stk= new java.util.Stack<Integer>();

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 char ch; BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); String p=br.readLine(); for(int i=0;i<p.length();i++) { ch=p.charAt(i); if(isDigit(ch)) stk.push(new Integer(Character.digit(ch,10))); if(isOperator(ch)) { int tmp1=stk.pop(); int tmp2=stk.pop(); int result=evaluate(tmp2,tmp1,ch); stk.push(result); } } System.out.println("Value of Postfix = " + stk.pop()); } static boolean isDigit(char c) { return(c>='0' && c<='9'); } static boolean isOperator(char c) { return(c=='+' || c=='-' || c=='*' || c=='/'); } static int evaluate(int a,int b,char op) { int res=0; switch(op) { case '+': res=(a+b); break; case '-': res=(a-b); break; case '*': res=(a*b); break; case '/': res=(a/b); break; }

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

## /***********OUTPUT********* D:\mca_I_year>javac Peval.java D:\mca_I_year>java Peval 234+5*+ Value of Postfix = 37

*/

Program No:-19 Program Name: Write a java program that determines whether parenthetic symbols (), {} and <> are nested correctly in a string of characters (use stack ADT) import java.io.*; class Astack { private Object a[]; private int top; public Astack(int n) { a=new Object[n]; top=-1; } public void push(Object item) { if(top==a.length-1)

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 { System.out.println("Stack is full"); return; } top++; a[top]=item; } public Object pop() { if(isEmpty()) { System.out.println("stack is empty"); return null; } Object item=a[top]; top--; return item; } public Object peek() { if(isEmpty()) return null; return a[top]; } public boolean isEmpty() { return(top==-1); } } class Astackdemo { public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException { Astack a=new Astack(6); Object item; BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); String s=br.readLine(); for(int i=0;i<s.length();i++)

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 { if(s.charAt(i)=='(' || s.charAt(i)=='[' || s.charAt(i)=='{' || s.charAt(i)=='<') a.push(s.charAt(i)); char c=(Character)a.peek(); if(s.charAt(i)==')') { if(c=='(') a.pop(); else { System.out.println("Not Correctly Nested Parenthesis"); System.exit(0); } } else if(s.charAt(i)==']') { if(c=='[') a.pop(); else { System.out.println("Not Correctly Nested Parenthesis"); System.exit(0); } } else if(s.charAt(i)=='}') { if(c=='{') a.pop(); else { System.out.println("Not Correctly Nested Parenthesis"); System.exit(0); } } else if(s.charAt(i)=='>') { if(c=='<') a.pop(); else { System.out.println("Not Correctly Nested Parenthesis"); System.exit(0);

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 } } } if(a.isEmpty()) System.out.println("Correctly Nested Parenthesis"); else System.out.println("Not Correctly Nested Parenthesis"); } } /***********OUTPUT************ D:\mca_I_year>javac Astackdemo.java D:\mca_I_year>java Astackdemo (hello.ho[w are] Not Correctly Nested Parenthesis D:\mca_I_year>java Astackdemo (hello.ho[w are]) Correctly Nested Parenthesis D:\mca_I_year> D:\mca_I_year>java Astackdemo (hello.ho[w are) Not Correctly Nested Parenthesis */

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Program No:-20 Program Name: Write a java program that uses queue to test whether the given string is palindrome. import java.util.*; import java.io.*; class Queue { BufferedReader br; private int maxsize,front,rear,nitems; private char[] qarray; public Queue(int n) { maxsize=n; qarray=new char[maxsize]; front=0; rear=-1; nitems=0; } public void insert() throws IOException { if(isFull()!=true) { char data; System.out.println("Enter element to insert : "); br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); data=(char)br.read(); if(rear==(maxsize-1)) rear=-1; qarray[++rear]=data; nitems++; System.out.println("New element is inserted\n"); } else System.out.println("Queue is full. can't perform Insertion."); } public void delete() { if(isEmpty()!=true)

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 { front++; if(front==maxsize) front=0; nitems--; System.out.println("First element is deleted\n"); } else System.out.println("Queue is empty."); } public boolean isEmpty() { return(nitems==0); } public void isPal() { int i,j,count=0,n=nitems; for(i=front,j=rear;i<=n/2 && j>=n/2;i++,j--) if(qarray[i]==qarray[j]) count++; if((n%2)!=0) count--; if(count==(n/2)) System.out.println("palindrome"); else System.out.println("Not a palindrome"); } public boolean isFull() { return(nitems==maxsize); } public void display() { if(isEmpty()!=true) { System.out.println("Queue : "); for(int i=front;i<=rear;i++) System.out.println(qarray[i]); } else

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 System.out.println("Queue is empty."); } } class qu { public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException { BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); System.out.print("Enter the Queue size : "); int n=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); Queue q1=new Queue(n); int i=1; int ch; do { System.out.println("\nQUEUE"); System.out.println("--------"); System.out.println("1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome"); System.out.print("Enter the choice : "); ch=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); switch(ch) { case 1:q1.insert(); break; case 2:q1.delete(); break; case 3:q1.display(); break; case 4:System.exit(0); break; case 5:q1.isPal(); break; default:System.out.println("Invalid choice"); } }while(1<=ch); } }

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 /***********OUTPUT********** D:\mca_I_year>java qu Enter the Queue size : 5 QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome Enter the choice : 1 Enter element to insert : m New element is inserted QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome Enter the choice : 1 Enter element to insert : a New element is inserted QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome Enter the choice : 1 Enter element to insert : d New element is inserted QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome Enter the choice : 1 Enter element to insert : a New element is inserted QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome Enter the choice : 1 Enter element to insert : m New element is inserted

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome Enter the choice : 3 Queue : m a d a m QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome Enter the choice : 5 palindrome QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome Enter the choice : 2 First element is deleted QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome Enter the choice : 3 Queue : a d a m QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome Enter the choice : 5 Not a palindrome QUEUE -------1.Insert 2.Delete 3.Display 4.Quit 5. Palindrome Enter the choice : 4 */

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Program No:-21 Program Name: Write a java program to implement Stack ADT using a singly linked list import java.io.*; class Node { int data; Node next; Node(int d) { data=d; } } class Lstack { Node top; Node p; public void push(int item) { p=new Node(item); p.next=top; top=p; } public Node pop() {

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 if(isEmpty()) { System.out.println("Stack is empty"); return null; } Node tmp=top; top=tmp.next; return tmp; } public Node peek() { if(isEmpty()) { System.out.println("Stack is empty"); return null; } return top; } public void display() { p=top; System.out.println("Contents of stack"); while(p!=null) { System.out.print(p.data+" "); p=p.next; } } public boolean isEmpty() { return(top==null); } } // End of class class Linkstack { public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException { Lstack ls=new Lstack(); Node item; int ch,n,ch1;

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); do { System.out.println("\nStack process\n"); System.out.println("1.Push 2.Pop 3.Peek 4.Display 5.Exit"); System.out.print("Enter your choice : "); ch=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); switch(ch) { case 1:System.out.print("\nEnter element to push into stack : "); n=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); ls.push(n); break; case 2:ls.pop(); break; case 3: ls.peek(); break; case 4:ls.display(); break; case 5:System.exit(0); } System.out.print("\nDo you want to continue (1-Yes,0-No): "); ch1=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); }while(ch1==1); } } /***********OUTPUT******** D:\mca_I_year>javac Linkstack.java D:\mca_I_year>java Linkstack Stack process 1.Push 2.Pop 3.Peek 4.Display 5.Exit Enter your choice : 1 Enter element to push into stack : 12 Do you want to continue (1-Yes,0-No): 1 Stack process 1.Push 2.Pop 3.Peek 4.Display 5.Exit

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 Enter your choice : 1 Enter element to push into stack : 23 Do you want to continue (1-Yes,0-No): 1 Stack process 1.Push 2.Pop 3.Peek 4.Display 5.Exit Enter your choice : 1 Enter element to push into stack : 34 Do you want to continue (1-Yes,0-No): 1 Stack process 1.Push 2.Pop 3.Peek 4.Display 5.Exit Enter your choice : 4 Contents of stack 34 23 12 Do you want to continue (1-Yes,0-No): 1 Stack process 1.Push 2.Pop 3.Peek 4.Display 5.Exit Enter your choice : 2 Do you want to continue (1-Yes,0-No): 1 Stack process 1.Push 2.Pop 3.Peek 4.Display 5.Exit Enter your choice : 4 Contents of stack 23 12 Do you want to continue (1-Yes,0-No): 5 */

Program No:-22 Program Name: Write a Java program to implement the dequeue (double ended queue) ADT using Singly Linked List

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

class LinkedDeque { public class DequeNode { DequeNode prev; Object data; DequeNode next; DequeNode( Object item) // constructor { data = item; } } private DequeNode first,last; private int count; public void addFirst(Object item) { if(isEmpty()) first = last = new DequeNode(item); else { DequeNode tmp = new DequeNode(item); tmp.next = first; first.prev = tmp; first = tmp; } count++; } public void addLast(Object item) { if( isEmpty() ) first = last = new DequeNode(item); else { DequeNode tmp = new DequeNode(item); tmp.prev = last; last.next = tmp; last = tmp; } count++; } public Object removeFirst() { if( isEmpty() ) { System.out.println("'Deque is empty"); return null;

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 } else { Object item = first.data; first = first.next; first.prev = null; count --; return item; } } public Object removeLast() { if(isEmpty()) { System.out.println("Deque is empty"); return null; } else { Object item = first.data; first = first.next; first.prev = null; count--; return item; } } public Object getFirst() { if( !isEmpty() ) return(first.data); else return null; } public Object getLast() { if( !isEmpty()) return (last.data); else return null; } public boolean isEmpty() { return(count == 0); } public int size() { return(count); } public void display() { DequeNode p = first; System.out.print("Deque: [ ");

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 while( p!= null ) { System.out.print( p.data + ""); p = p.next; } System.out.println("]"); } } public class LinkedDequeDemo { public static void main( String args[]) { LinkedDeque dq = new LinkedDeque(); dq.addFirst('A'); dq.addFirst('B'); dq.display(); dq.addLast('D'); dq.addLast('E'); System.out.println("getFirst():" + dq.getFirst()); System.out.println("getLast():" + dq.getLast()); dq.display(); System.out.println("removeFirst():" + dq.removeFirst()); System.out.println("removeLast():" + dq.removeLast()); dq.display(); System.out.println("size():" + dq.size()); } }

/********OUTPUT*********** D:\java>javac LinkedDequeDemo.java D:\java>java LinkedDequeDemo Deque: [ BA] getFirst():B getLast():E Deque: [ BADE] removeFirst():B removeLast():A Deque: [ DE] size():2

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

*/

Program No:-23 Program Name: Write a java program to implement priority queue ADT. import java.util.*; class PQueue { Scanner input = new Scanner (System.in); private int maxsize; private int[] quearray; private int nitems; public PQueue() { maxsize = 5; quearray = new int[maxsize]; nitems = 0; } public void insert() { if(isFull() != true) { int data,temp; System.out.print("Enter Element to Insert: "); data = input.nextInt(); quearray[nitems++] = data; for(int i=nitems-1; i>=1;i--) for(int j=0;j<i;j++)

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 if(quearray[j] > quearray[j+1]) { temp = quearray[j]; quearray[j] = quearray[j+1]; quearray[j+1] = temp; } System.out.println("New Element INSERTED. \n"); } else System.out.println("QUEUE is Full. can't perform INSERT "); } public void delete() { if(isEmpty() != true) { nitems--; System.out.println("First Element DELETED"); } else System.out.println("Queue is Empty. can't perform DELETE"); } public boolean isEmpty() { return (nitems == 0); } public boolean isFull() { return(nitems == maxsize); } public void display() { if(isEmpty() != true) { System.out.println("THE PRIORITY QUEUE IS :"); for(int i=0;i<nitems; i++) System.out.println(quearray[i]); } else System.out.println("Queue is Empty. can't perform TRAVERSE"); } } class pq { public static void main(String[] args) { PQueue tpq = new PQueue(); Scanner input = new Scanner(System.in); int i =1;

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 int choice; do { System.out.println("\n PRIORITY QUEUE "); System.out.println("------------------------------------"); System.out.println(" 1.INSERT \n 2.DELETE \n 3.DISPLAY "); System.out.println("4.Quit"); System.out.print("Enter your choice (1-4): "); choice = input.nextInt(); switch(choice) { case 1: tpq.insert(); break; case 2:tpq.delete(); break; case 3:tpq.display();break; case 4:System.exit(0);break; default: System.out.println("Invalid choice. Try 1-4 \n"); } }while(i<=choice); } } /*****OUTPUT****** D:\JAVA>javac pq.java D:\JAVA>java pq PRIORITY QUEUE -----------------------------------1.INSERT 2.DELETE 3.DISPLAY 4.Quit Enter your choice (1-4): 1 Enter Element to Insert: 5 New Element INSERTED. PRIORITY QUEUE -----------------------------------1.INSERT 2.DELETE 3.DISPLAY 4.Quit Enter your choice (1-4): 1 Enter Element to Insert: 20 New Element INSERTED.

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 PRIORITY QUEUE -----------------------------------1.INSERT 2.DELETE 3.DISPLAY 4.Quit Enter your choice (1-4): 1 Enter Element to Insert: 6 New Element INSERTED. PRIORITY QUEUE -----------------------------------1.INSERT 2.DELETE 3.DISPLAY 4.Quit Enter your choice (1-4): 3 THE PRIORITY QUEUE IS : 5 6 20 PRIORITY QUEUE -----------------------------------1.INSERT 2.DELETE 3.DISPLAY 4.Quit Enter your choice (1-4): 2 First Element DELETED PRIORITY QUEUE -----------------------------------1.INSERT 2.DELETE 3.DISPLAY 4.Quit Enter your choice (1-4): 3 THE PRIORITY QUEUE IS : 5 6 PRIORITY QUEUE -----------------------------------1.INSERT 2.DELETE 3.DISPLAY 4.Quit Enter your choice (1-4): 4 Program No:-24

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 Program Name: Write a Java program to perform the following operations: a) Insert an element into a binary search tree. b) Delete an element from a binary search tree. c) Search for a key element in a binary search tree. import java.io.*; class BSTNode { int data; BSTNode left; BSTNode right; BSTNode(int d) { data = d; } } class BST { public BSTNode insertTree(BSTNode p, int key) { if (p == null) p = new BSTNode(key); else if (key < p.data) p.left = insertTree(p.left, key); else p.right = insertTree(p.right, key); return p; } public BSTNode search(BSTNode root, int key) { BSTNode p = root; while (p != null) { if (key == p.data) return p; else if (key < p.data) p = p.left; else p = p.right; } return null; }

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 public BSTNode delTree(BSTNode root, int key) { BSTNode p; BSTNode parent = root; BSTNode inorderSucc; if (root == null) { System.out.println("Tree is empty"); return null; } p = root; while (p != null && p.data != key) { parent = p; if (key < p.data) p = p.left; else p = p.right; } if (p == null) { System.out.println("TNode not found : " + key); return null; } if (p.left != null && p.right != null) { parent = p; inorderSucc = p.right; while (inorderSucc.left != null) { parent = inorderSucc; inorderSucc = inorderSucc.left; } p.data = inorderSucc.data; p = inorderSucc; } if (p.left == null && p.right == null) { if (parent.left == p) parent.left = null; else parent.right = null;

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 } if (p.left == null && p.right != null) { if (parent.left == p) parent.left = p.right; else parent.right = p.right; } if (p.left != null && p.right == null) { if (parent.left == p) parent.left = p.left; else parent.right = p.left; } return root; } public void preorder(BSTNode p) { if (p != null) { System.out.print(p.data + " "); preorder(p.left); preorder(p.right); } } } class BinarySearchTree { public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException { int barr[]; BST b = new BST(); BSTNode root = null; BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)); System.out.print("Enter the size of the tree : "); int n = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); barr = new int[n];

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

for(int i=0;i<n;i++) barr[i] = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) root = b.insertTree(root, barr[i]); System.out.println("Preorder of tree : "); b.preorder(root); System.out.print("\nEnter the element to search : "); n = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); BSTNode item = b.search(root, n); if (item != null) System.out.println("\n Searching item "+ item.data +" found." ); else System.out.println("\n Item not found"); System.out.print("\nEnter the node element to delete : "); n = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine()); b.delTree(root, n); System.out.println("\nAfter deleting the node \nPreorder of tree : "); b.preorder(root); } } /***********OUTPUT*********** D:\java\mca_I_year>java BinarySearchTree Enter the size of the tree : 8 12 45 78 89 56 23 15 35 Preorder of tree : 12 45 23 15 35 78 56 89 Enter the element to search : 15

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 Searching item 15 found. Enter the node element to delete : 15 After deleting the node Preorder of tree : 12 45 23 35 78 56 89 D:\java\mca_I_year>java BinarySearchTree Enter the size of the tree : 8 12 45 78 89 56 23 15 35 Preorder of tree : 12 45 23 15 35 78 56 89 Enter the element to search : 91 Item not found Enter the node element to delete : 98 TNode not found : 98 After deleting the node Preorder of tree : 12 45 23 15 35 78 56 89

*/

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Program No:-25 Program Name: Write a Java program that use recursive and non recursive functions to traverse the given binary tree in a) Preorder b) Inorder and c) Postorder class Node { Object data; Node left; Node right; Node(Object d) { data=d; } } class BinaryTree { Object tree[]; int maxsize; java.util.LinkedList<Node> que=new java.util.LinkedList<Node>(); BinaryTree(Object a[],int n) { maxsize=n; tree=new Object[maxsize]; for(int i=0;i<maxsize;i++) tree[i]=a[i]; } public Node buildTree(int index) { Node p; p=null; if(tree[index]!=null) { p=new Node(tree[index]); p.left=buildTree(2*index+1); p.right=buildTree(2*index+2); } return p; }

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

public void inorder(Node p) { if(p!=null) { inorder(p.left); System.out.print(p.data+" "); inorder(p.right); } } public void preorder(Node p) { if(p!=null) { System.out.print(p.data+" "); preorder(p.left); preorder(p.right); } } public void postorder(Node p) { if(p!=null) { postorder(p.left); postorder(p.right); System.out.print(p.data+" "); } } } public class BinaryTreeTraversal { public static void main(String args[]) { Object arr[]={'E','C','G','A','D','F','H',null,'B',null,null,null,null,null, null,null, null,null,null}; BinaryTree t=new BinaryTree(arr,19); Node root=t.buildTree(0); System.out.print("\nInorder : "); t.inorder(root); System.out.print("\nPreorder : "); t.preorder(root); System.out.print("\npostorder : "); t.postorder(root);

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

*/

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Program No:-26 Program Name: Write Java program for the implementation of bfs and dfs for a given graph. a. Breadth-First Search class Queue { private final int SIZE = 20; private int[] queArray; private int front; private int rear; public Queue() // constructor { queArray = new int[SIZE]; front = 0; rear = -1; } public void insert(int j) // put item at rear of queue { if(rear == SIZE-1) rear = -1; queArray[++rear] = j; } public int remove() // take item from front of queue { int temp = queArray[front++]; if(front == SIZE) front = 0; return temp; } public boolean isEmpty() // true if queue is empty { return ( rear+1==front || (front+SIZE-1==rear) ); } } // end class Queue class Vertex { public char label; // label (e.g. 'A') public boolean wasVisited; public Vertex(char lab) // constructor { label = lab; wasVisited = false; } } // end class Vertex

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 b. Depth First Search class StackX { private final int SIZE = 20; private int[] st; private int top; public StackX() // constructor { st = new int[SIZE]; // make array top = -1; } public void push(int j) // put item on stack { st[++top] = j; } public int pop() // take item off stack { return st[top--]; } public int peek() // peek at top of stack { return st[top]; } public boolean isEmpty() // true if nothing on stack { return (top == -1); } } // end class StackX class Vertex { public char label; // label (e.g. 'A') public boolean wasVisited; public Vertex(char lab) // constructor { label = lab; wasVisited = false; } } // end class Vertex class Graph { private final int MAX_VERTS = 20; private Vertex vertexList[]; // list of vertices private int adjMat[][]; // adjacency matrix private int nVerts; // current number of vertices private StackX theStack; public Graph() // constructor { vertexList = new Vertex[MAX_VERTS]; // adjacency matrix adjMat = new int[MAX_VERTS][MAX_VERTS]; nVerts = 0; for(int j=0; j<MAX_VERTS; j++) // set adjacency for(int k=0; k<MAX_VERTS; k++) // matrix to 0 adjMat[j][k] = 0;

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 theStack = new StackX(); } // end constructor public void addVertex(char lab) { vertexList[nVerts++] = new Vertex(lab); } public void addEdge(int start, int end) { adjMat[start][end] = 1; adjMat[end][start] = 1; } public void displayVertex(int v) { System.out.print(vertexList[v].label); } public void dfs() // depth-first search { // begin at vertex 0 vertexList[0].wasVisited = true; // mark it displayVertex(0); // display it theStack.push(0); // push it while( !theStack.isEmpty() ) // until stack empty, { // get an unvisited vertex adjacent to stack top int v = getAdjUnvisitedVertex( theStack.peek() ); if(v == -1) // if no such vertex, theStack.pop(); else // if it exists, { vertexList[v].wasVisited = true; // mark it displayVertex(v); // display it theStack.push(v); // push it } } // end while // stack is empty, so we're done for(int j=0; j<nVerts; j++) // reset flags vertexList[j].wasVisited = false; } // end dfs // returns an unvisited vertex adj public int getAdjUnvisitedVertex(int v) { for(int j=0; j<nVerts; j++) if(adjMat[v][j]==1 && vertexList[j].wasVisited==false) return j; return -1;

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Program No:-27 Program Name: A Java program for implementing KMP pattern matching algorithm. Note : // Define a command line test: java KMP <text> <pattern> public class KMP { public static void main(String[] args) { String txt = args[0], pat = args[1]; System.out.printf("Searching for %s in text of length %d\n",pat, txt.length()); int result = match(txt, pat); if (result < 0) System.out.println("No match."); else System.out.println("Found first match at position= " + result); } static int match(String text, String pattern) { int n = text.length(); int m = pattern.length(); int[] fail = failFunction(pattern); int i = 0, j = 0; // index in text, index in pattern while (i < n) { if (pattern.charAt(j) == text.charAt(i)) { // Our match extends to length j+1 if (j == m-1) return i-m+1; // found full match i++; j++; } else if (j > 0) { j = fail[j - 1]; // try again for a shorter match } else { i++; // no match here at all } } return -1; // no match } // Compute the failure function for this pattern. static int[] failFunction(String pattern) { int[] fail = new int[pattern.length()]; fail[0] = 0; int m = pattern.length(); int i = 1, j = 0; // index in pattern(+1), index in pattern while (i < m) { if (pattern.charAt(j) == pattern.charAt(i)) { fail[i] = j+1; // Our match extends to length j+1

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 i++; j++; } else if (j > 0) { j = fail[j - 1]; // try again for a shorter match } else { fail[i] = 0; // no match here at all i++; } } return fail; } } /****************OUTPUT*********** D:\mca_I_year>javac KMP.java D:\mca_I_year>java KMP hello,how he Searching for he in text of length 9 Found first match at shift=0 D:\mca_I_year>java KMP hello,how h Searching for h in text of length 9 Found first match at shift=0 D:\mca_I_year>java KMP hello,how l Searching for l in text of length 9 Found first match at shift=2 D:\mca_I_year>java KMP hello,how x Searching for x in text of length 9 No match.*/

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040

Program No:-28 Program Name: Write a Java program that displays node values in a level order traversal for a binary tree. class Node { Object data; Node left; Node right; Node(Object d) { data=d; } } class BinaryTree { Object tree[]; int maxsize; java.util.LinkedList<Node> que = new java.util.LinkedList<Node>(); BinaryTree(Object a[], int n) { maxsize = n; tree = new Object[maxsize]; for (int i = 0; i < maxsize; i++) tree[i] = a[i]; } public Node buildTree(int index) { Node p; p = null; if (tree[index] != null) { p = new Node(tree[index]); p.left = buildTree(2 * index + 1); p.right = buildTree(2 * index + 2); } return p; } public void levelorder(Node p)

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A

HT.NO: 08F41F0040 { que.addLast(p); while( !que.isEmpty() ) { p = que. removeFirst(); System.out.print(p.data + " "); if(p.left != null) que.addLast(p.left); if(p.right != null) que.addLast(p.right); } } } public class BinaryTreeDemo { public static void main(String args[]) { Object arr[]={'E','C','G','A','D','F','H',null,'B',null,null,null,null,null, null, null, null,null,null}; BinaryTree t=new BinaryTree(arr,19); Node root=t.buildTree(0); System.out.print("\nLevel order : "); t.levelorder(root); } } /********OUTPUT********* D:\java>javac BinaryTreeDemo.java D:\java>java BinaryTreeDemo Level order : E C G A D F H B

## Data Structures through java Lab

Department of M.C.A