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Offshore Windfarm Planning

Learning by doing in the Netherlands Ernst Bolt

Ministry of Infrastucture and Environment Rijkswaterstaat Centre for Shipping andTransport

15 February 2012

Contents
Spatial plans First offshore windfarms Second round applications Preparing the third round

Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Spatial plans
National Spatial Strategy (Nota Ruimte) Structure plan of Military Areas (Structuurschema Militaire Terreinen) Policy statement Water Management (Nationaal Waterplan) water quality management, fresh water safety against flooding anticipating climate changes recreation inland water transport Integral Management Policy North Sea (IBN)

Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Spatial planning policy


National Spatial Strategy
Vision statement for spatial development into 2020/2030. North Sea: key area of the National Ecological Network. strengthening the economic significance, linked to preservation and development of nature and landscape values

Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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National Spatial Strategy

Principal spatial structure: Water, Nature and Landscapes

Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Spatial planning policy


National Spatial Strategy Structure scheme Military Areas National Water Plan
(elaboration of the North Sea paragraph)

Spatial policy for water areas EU guidelines National legislation Functions of National Waters

Integrated Management Plan North Sea


Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning 15 February 2012

Integrated Management Plan North Sea (IBN)


Elaboration of North Sea paragraph of the Water Plan Coproduction of Ministries of Transport, Public Works and Water Management 1 Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality 2 Housing, Spatial planning and Environment3 Economic Affairs4 Defense 2,4):Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation 1,3):Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment Functions: shipping oil and gas sand fishing nature renewable energy

Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Water quality

Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Shipping
Clearways corridors free of obstacles for the passage of ship traffic. Logical routes, connecting the existing TSSs. All oil&gas rigs have to stay out of these areas.

Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Wind energy areas

Existing Permits Prospect areas

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Clearways and traffic density

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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First offshore windfarms


Egmond aan Zee (2006) 36 x 3 MW = 108 MW Q7 Amalia (2008) 60 x 2 MW = 120 MW

Egmond aan Zee / Noordzeewind Q7 / Amalia

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Second Round Wind farms


Boundary condition: no constructions in the clearways No turbines within 12 nm from coastline Financial support for maximum 1000 MW Invititation to apply for financial support: Apply for permit Environmental impact study - including shipping safety effects - SAMSON model had to be used Ministry of Economic Affairs would choose the most cost-effective initiatives that received a permit Result: 80 applications!

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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2nd round applications

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Finally, 12 permits
Key issues: Ecological impact Safe helicopter flight paths Shipping safety

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Permits round 2

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Ecological impact Natura 2000


Distance to lesser seagull colony Underwater noise Disturbance of seals and fish larvae No pile driving January - July

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Helicopter-approach availability of the platform

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Rijkswaterstaat Wind op wind Offshore Zee farm planning

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Shipping safety / efficiency

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Rijkswaterstaat Wind op wind Offshore Zee farm planning

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Shipping safety points of discussion


Does SAMSON produce representative figures? Influence on radar image Influence of complex traffic situations Visual disorientation in combination with anchorage area and onshore lights Minimum safe distance between shipping route and wind farm? Which accident probability can be accepted Political damage Economical consequences Casualties Legal procedures

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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BARD/TYPHOON BUITENGAATS 300 MW

AND THE WINNERS ARE

BARD/TYPHOON ZEE-ENERGIE 300 MW

ENECO Q10 120 MW

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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3rd Round
Political goal: 6000 MW to be created by 2020 Indicate possible areas in Integral Management Plan North Sea Coastal area determined by clearways Modification of shipping routes affects granted permits of 2nd round

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Variant 2a

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Variant 4a

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Variant 5a

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Variant 6a

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Routes variant 2a

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Routes variant 5a

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Routes variant 6a

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Current routes Maas

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Routes Maas variant 5a

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Cost effectiveness (subsidies for production)

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Formal Safety Assessment


Navigational Risk Review Hazard workshop SAMSON Variant 5 favourable Less complex traffic pattern in Maas Junction Accident frequency (SAMSON) no significant change Combined with new TSS IJmuiden

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Cost effectiveness (shipping)

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Total costs

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Current proposal for IMO approval

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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Current state
Modification of shipping routes proposal to IMO Modification of granted round 2 plan New government since 2010 No funds/subsidy for round 3 New energy policy expected 2014/15

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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To be continued

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Rijkswaterstaat Offshore wind farm planning

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