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A Achilles Aegisthus Aeneas Aeolus Agamemnon Ajax son of Oileus Ajax son of Telemon Alexandros Amazons Anchises Andromache

Antenor Antilochus Antinous Aphrodite Apollo Ares Argos Artemis Athene Aulis Briseis Calchas Calypso Cassandra Castor and Pollux Charybdis Chiron Chryseis Chryses Clytemnestra Corax Cressida Creusa Cycnus Deidamia

B Son of Peleus and Thetis. Greatest Greek hero. Cousin of Agamemnon and lover of Clytemnestra Son of Aphrodite and Anchises, destined to survive Troy's fall. King of the winds, visited by Odysseus King of Mycenae, overlord of Greece The lesser Ajax, a swift runner The greater Ajax, most powerful Greek hero after Achilles Another name for Paris A nation of women fighters Father of Aeneas and cousin of Priam Wife of Hector Counselor of Priam and leader of the peace party in Troy Eldest son of Nestor Handomest of Penelope's suitors Goddess of beauty, chief supporter of the Trojans God of the sun, supporter of the Trojans God of war, supporter of the Trojans Diomede's kingdom Goddess of the moon, supporter of the Trojans Goddess of wisdom, chief supporter of the Greeks Place where the Greek fleet gathered, and where Agamemnon sacrificed his daughter. Captive assigned to Achilles as a prize, and taken from him by Agamemnon Greek prophet, father of Cressida and originally a Trojan Nymph who kept Odysseus with her for many years on an island Prophetess who was never believed, daughter of Priam Brothers of Helen A whirlpool crossed by Odysseus on his travels Old centaur who was tutor to Achilles and other heroes Daughter of Chryses and captive of Agamemnon Priest of Apollo and father of Chryseis Wife of Agamemnon and his murderess Place where the herdsmen of Odysseus fed his swine Daughter of Calchas, loved by Troilus Wife of Aeneas, lost in the taking of Troy Ally of the Trojans, son of Poseidon, strangled by Achilles Wife of Achilles and mother of Pyrrhus

Deiphobus Demeter Diomedes Discord Elysium Ethiopia Eurymachus Hades Hebe Hector Hecuba Helen Hephaistos Hera Hercules Hermes Hermione Hydra Ida Iphigenia Iris Ithaca Laertes Laocoon Laodamia Leto Lykaeon Medon Melanthius Memnon Menelaus Mentor Mycenae Myrmidons Nauplius Nestor Odysseus Oenone

Son of Priam who was third husband of Helen Goddess of the harvest A Greek hero, the charioteer, lover of Cressida and companion of Odysseus The goddess who threw down the golden apple. The dwelling place of the happy dead The kingdom of Memnon, which was at the eastern end of the Earth Leader of Penelope's suitors Home of the dead Goddess of youth Most important son of Priam, chief Trojan hero Wife of Priam and queen of Troy Wife of Menelaus who eloped with Paris. The face that launched a thousand ships. God of fire Queen of the gods and a chief supporter of the Greeks The strongest hero who ever lived Messenger god Only child of Menelaus and Helen Poisonous serpent killed by Heracles Name of the mountain behind Troy Daughter of Agamemnon sacrificed by him to get a fair wind. Rainbow goddess The kingdom of Odysseus The father of Odysseus Trojen priest of Poseidon, killed for attacking the Trojan horse Wife of Protesilaus, who died of grief at his death Mother of Apollo and Artemis Young son of Priam, who was caught twice by Achilles Faithful servant of Telemachus Goatherd and faithless servant of Odysseus King of Ethiopia and son of the goddess of dawn, ally of the Trojans Brother of Agamemnon, husband of Helen, and king of Sparta An old advisor of Telemachus, whose form Athene used. The kingdom of Agamemnon The kingdom of Peleus and Achilles Father of Palamedes, who took revenge on the Greeks for his son's death Oldest of the Greek heros Wisest of the Greek heroes, king of Ithaca Nymph whom Paris loved before he met Helen

Oileus Olympus Orestes Palamedes Palladium Pandarus Paris Patroclus Peleus Penelope Penthesilea Polyxena Poseidon Priam Protesilaus Pyrrhus Rhesus Salamis Scyros Sinon Skamander Sparta Styx Telamon Telemachus Thebe Thetis Tithonus Troilus Tyndareus Zeus

Father of the lesser Ajax Where the gods lived Son of Agamemnon, who avenged his father by killing his mother Ambitious hero who was put to death on a false charge of dealing with the Trojans The sacred image of Athena which stood in the citadel of Troy Trojan, uncle of Cressida Beautiful son of Priam, who stole Helen from Menelaus Beloved friend of Achilles, who was killed by Hector Husband of Thetis and father of Achilles Faithful wife of Odysseus Amazon queen, ally of the Trojans, killed by Achilles Daughter of Priam sacrificed at the tomb of Achilles God of the sea, friend of the Greeks King of Troy The first Greek to land on the shore of Troy, and the first to be killed Son of Achilles King of Thrace, ally of the Trojans, killed by Odysseus and Diomede Kingdom of Telamon, father of the greater Ajax Island where Achilles was concealed by his mother Liar who persuaded the Trojans to accept the horse River running by Troy Kingdom of Menelaus River bordering the land of the dead Father of Ajax and Teucer Son of Odysseus and Penelope Andromache's native city Sea nymph, mother of Achilles Brother of Priam, married to the goddess of the dawn Son of Priam who loved Cressida Helen's father Father of gods and men

Summary of Events
Part 1: Prologue
Chapter 1 - The Golden Apple
Zeus, father of the gods, desired the nymph Thetis. However, a prophecy said she would have a son who was greater than his father. Zeus decided to marry her to Peleus, king of the Myrmidons. At the wedding dinner, the goddess Discord (Eris), angry she was not invited, threw an apple on the table. On it was written, "For the Fairest." The three goddesses Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite fought over who was most beautiful, they even asked Zeus to judge who the most beautiful is; however, the god chose the young shepherd Paris as the judge. Paris was actually the son of the king and queen of Troy. A prophecy said he would cause Troy's destruction, so his parents Priam and Hecuba abandoned him in the wilds of Mount Ida, where he lived with the nymph Oenone. The three goddesses appeared before him and bribed him to be chosen, Hera promised him to a powerful ruler, Athena offered him great wisdom but Paris chose Aphrodite as the fairest goddess and she promised him the most beautiful woman in the world as his wife.

Chapter 2 - Helen
The most beautiful woman in the world was Helen, wife of King Menelaus of Sparta. Paris came to visit and fell in love with Helen when he saw her. She left with him in the middle of the night, and they returned to Troy.

Chapter 3 - The Madness of Odysseus


Menelaus was the overlord of Greece. When the Trojans would not return Helen, Agamemnon, the brother of Menelaus and king of Mycenae, told him to call all the kings of Greece to Aulis to get ready for war against Troy. Many kings did not want to come, including Odysseus. Agamemnon sent Palamedes to bring Odysseus to Aulis. Odysseus pretended to be insane, driving his oxen on the seashore, plowing the sand, and throwing salt on the ground. Palamedes threw Odysseus's son under the feet of the oxen and Odysseus had to stop.

Chapter 4 - The Discovery of Achilles


Achilles was the son of Thetis and Peleus. His mother tried to protect him from a prophecy of early death by dipping him into the River Styx, which would make him invulnerable. However, she held him by the heel so his heel was unprotected. She sent him to hide in the court of the king of Scyros, where he was disguised as a girl and married the princess Deidamia. Odysseus disguised himself as a traveling merchant, and tempted Achilles into revealing himself using a beautiful sword.

Chapter 5 - Iphigenia
In Aulis, the wind was coming from the wrong direction. The prophet Calchas told Agamemnon the gods wanted him to sacrifice his daughter Iphigenia in order to get a fair wind. When Agamemnon ordered Iphigenia killed, his wife Clytemnestra swore vengeance.

Part 2: Opening
Chapter 1 - The Trojan Princes
The Trojan princes argued over what they should do. Priam's son Hector said war was inevitable. Antenor thought Hector just wanted revenge against the Greeks. Aeneas thought Troy would win because a prophecy foretold success for him. Priam said there was no choice.

Cassandra, Priam's daughter, was a priestess of Apollo with a gift of prophecy. She was cursed by Apollo so that no one would ever believe what she said. She predicted that Hector would die and Troy would burn.

Chapter 2 - The Foremost Man


The Greeks Laodamia and Protesilaus were married. Protesilaus joined the war against Troy but left a sculpture of himself to keep his wife company. One night she dreamed that she was with him as they approached Troy. He was the "foremost man" to leap from his ship onto the shore, and was killed. Laodamia knew this was a vision of the future. She prayed to Zeus, and he granted her three hours with her husband before he died, by making the statue come to life. Then Laodamia died by killing herself.

Chapter 3 - The Host Musters


Agamemnon walked through his forces on the shore of Troy. He argued with Achilles and accused Achilles of holding back a prisoner. Achilles said he had captured the boy, Priam's son Lykaon, the night before behind Troy. The gods too watched the war. The battle began. Achilles fought with Cycnus, the son of Poseidon. No weapon could pierce him. However, Achilles strangled Cycnus by the straps of his helmet.

Chapter 4 - Troilus and Cressida


Cressida was the daughter of Calchas, the Trojan prophet who joined the Greeks. He left his daughter behind with her uncle Pandarus. Troilus, a prince of Troy, fell in love with her and gave her his shield. The Greeks exchanged a captive for Cressida and though she swore to return to Troilus, she gave the shield to the Greek hero Diomede instead.

Chapter 5 - The Time of Discouragement


After many years, the war was still not over. Palamedes seized power over the Greeks while Agamemnon was away. Odysseus told Agamemnon he would spread a rumor and plant evidence that Palamedes had sold out to the Trojans, and Agamemnon agreed to the plan.

Part 3: The Wrath of Achilles


Chapter 1 - The Quarrel
The god Apollo made the Greeks sick. Calchas said it was because Agamemnon refused to release a captive girl (Chryseis) who was the daughter of a priest of Apollo (Chryses). Agamemnon said if he had to give up his captive, he would take Achilles' favorite captive Briseis. Achilles said if that happened, he would refuse to fight for Troy.

Chapter 2 - The Combat


Paris challenged Menelaus in single combat for Helen. They fought, and Menelaus was winning, but Aphrodite saved him.

Chapter 3 - Hector and Andromache


The mighty Hector rallied the Trojans and they fought off the Greeks. Hector and his wife Andromache talked. She asked him if he could say, but he told her he was fated to be killed, and she was fated to end her days as a slave. He returned to the battle.

Chapter 4 - A Night Adventure


Odysseus and Diomedes set off by night to do something to encourage the Greeks. Meanwhile, the Trojans sent Dolon the Wolf as a scout to find out what the Greeks were planning. Odysseus and Diomede captured Dolon, got information about the Trojans (including their password) and killed him. Then they killed the Thracian king, who was coming to help the Trojans, and stole the king's horses.

Chapter 5 - The Death of Patroclus


Agamemnon, Diomede, and other Trojans were wounded in battle, but Achilles still refused to fight. He sent his friend Patroclus, wearing the armor of Achilles, to lead the Myrmidons in battle. Patroclus killed Sarpedon and then chased after the Trojans. Hector killed Patroclus and took his armor.

Chapter 6 - The Death of Hector


Achilles mourned the death of Patroclus, and rejoined the battle. He confronted Hector, and chased him around the walls of Troy. Hector asked him to return his body to the Trojans if he was killed, but Achilles refused and killed him. Then he dragged Hector's body behind his chariot, and decided to give Patroclus a great funeral.

Chapter 7 - Funeral Games


After the funeral pyre of Patroclus, the Greeks held funeral games. In the chariot race, Diomede won and Antilochus edged out Menelaus with reckless driving. Menelaus refused to take last place because he said it was unfair, and Antilochus let him have second prize. In the wrestling, Odysseus defeated Ajax by hitting him behind the knee. Odysseus also beat Ajax in the foot-race. Achilles was still mourning the death of Patroclus.

Chapter 8 - The Ransom


Achilles still refused to release the body of Hector. Priam drove out by himself in a chariot and threw himself in front of Achilles in his tent, asking Achilles to think of his own father. Achilles gave Priam the body and finally was at peace.

Part 4: The Close of the War


Chapter 1 - The Queen of the Amazons
Penthesilea, Queen of the Amazons, joined the Trojans with her army of women warriors. She killed the men of Protesilaus and pushed the Greeks back to their camp. Achilles killed her with a spear. He realized that he could have loved her.

Chapter 2 - The Last Fight of Achilles


Memnon, king of the Ethiopians, killed Nestor's son Antilochus. Achilles fought and killed Memnon. Then he chased the Trojans back to the gates of Troy. Apollo tells Paris to shoot a poisoned arrow at Achilles. It would have fallen short, but Achilles turned and the point of the arrow entered his heel. He fell and his body was trampled.

Chapter 3 - The Armor of Achilles


Thetis commanded the Greeks to burn her son's body, and she gave his possessions as prizes in the funeral games for Achilles. The Greeks awarded Achilles' armor to Odysseus because the Trojans said they feared Odysseus more than Ajax. Ajax plotted to kill Odysseus and Agamemnon, but Athene made him go insane instead, and he attacked the sheep and captured the rams. When dawn arrived, he regained his sanity and killed himself.

Chapter 4 - Pyrrhus
Calchas told the Greeks a prophecy said they must be led by the son of Achilles, Pyrrhus. Odysseus went to Scyros to get Pyrrhus, and recognized him by his speed and strength. Pyrrhus returned with Odysseus despite Deidamia's pleas.

Chapter 5 - The Bow of Heracles


Calchas says the Greeks still needed the Bow of Heracles. It was in the possession of Philoctetes, who was abandoned by Odysseus on a deserted island. Odysseus and Pyrrhus went to get the bow. Odysseus told Pyrrhus to lie to Philoctetes and say he had fought with Odysseus. When Odysseus appeared, Pyrrhus felt sorry for Philoctetes, but the dead hero Heracles appeared himself and told Philoctetes to go along with the Greeks.

Chapter 6 - Oenone
Paris was wounded, and had himself carried up to Mount Ida to ask the nymph Oenone to heal him. Oenone was still angry with him for leaving her for Helen, but even as he was dying he could not tell her she was more beautiful than Helen. She sent him away, and he died on the way back to Troy, even though she changed her mind and followed him.

Chapter 7 - The Taking of the Palladium


A prophecy said that Troy could not be taken as long as the Palladium stood in the citadel. Odysseus entered Troy disguised as a beggar, and Helen took him in. She told him how the Palladium was guarded, and he escaped out the Skaian Gate. On the first dark night, Odysseus and Diomede approached Troy. Odysseus gave Diomede a boost up the wall but Diomede refused to pull Odysseus after him, going on by himself to get the Palladium. Odysseus was angry with Diomede.

Part 5: The Fall of Troy


Chapter 1 - The Trojan Horse
The Greeks built a wooden horse, which they filled with warriors. Then they sailed away and hid. The Trojans came out and argued whether to take it inside the city. The Greek spy Sinon told them it was a gift from the Greeks, and would make the Trojans rulers of all Greece. Laocoon, the priest of Poseidon, warned them not to take it in, but Poseidon sent serpents to kill Laocoon's sons and Laocoon himself. The Trojans took the horse into the city.

Chapter 2 - The Sack of Troy


At night, Sinon lit the signal and released the heroes from the horse. Priam and Hecuba took refuge on the altar, but Pyrrhus killed Priam's son and then Priam himself. Aeneas and most of his family managed to escape and left to become the founder of a great city.

Chapter 3 - The Women


The Trojan women were divided up as prizes. Hecuba was to be the slave of Odysseus. Hecuba's youngest son was killed by the King of Thrace, who was supposed to be keeping him safe. Hecuba would kill the Thracian king herself later on. Agamemnon took Cassandra, who didn't mind because she could see his future. Troy was demolished, but the Trojan Antenor (who had helped the Greeks) was allowed to move to a nearby city.

Part 6: The Return of the Heroes


Chapter 1 - Agamemnon's Death
In Mycenae, Clytemnestra had taken a lover, Agamemnon's cousin Aegisthus. When Agamemnon returned with Cassandra, Clytemnestra made a big fuss over him. She had him walk on a red carpet, and invited him in for a bath. She took his sword, threw a net over him, and killed him with an axe. Then she set off with the axe to Cassandra, who knew what was going to happen and was happy because she had her revenge on Agamemnon.

Chapter 2 - The Adventures of Menelaus


Menelaus took Helen and headed for home. His ships were scattered by a storm and he ended up in Egypt, but could not get any further. A sea nymph told him to ask the god Proteus for help, but he had to catch and hold the god in order to get his aid. Menelaus grabbed Proteus, who turned into a snake, a leopard, a board, water, and finally a tree while Menelaus held on. Proteus told him to return to Egypt and make offerings to the gods for a fair wind, and told him of the deaths of Ajax Oileus and Agamemnon. Menelaus returned home and lived happily ever after with Helen.

Chapter 3 - Nestor at Home


Odysseus's son Nestor visited Nestor of Pylos, accompanied by the mysterious Mentor. Penelope, the wife of Odysseus, was being pestered by suitors who want to marry her because they believed Odysseus was dead, but she was stalling them by pretending to weave a shroud for her father. Nestor gave Telemachus news of the Greek heroes. After this, Mentor rose into the air, turning into a black eagle, and Nestor and Telemachus realized he had been a god (it was actually Athene).

Chapter 4 - In the House of the Swineherd


A mysterious old beggar visited the house of Eumaeus, the swineherd of Odysseus. The beggar told the swineherd about the wanderings of Odysseus, and said Odysseus will take revenge on the suitors. Eumaeus did not believe him but gave him a bed for the night. The next day Telemachus came to the swineherd's house and the beggar reveals himself as Odysseus.

Chapter 5 - The Bow Is Bent


Penelope said she would marry the man who could string the bow of Odysseus and send an arrow through the holes of twelve axes set in a row. The suitors tried but failed, and the beggar asked if he could try. He did easily, and then shot Antinous, and then he and Telemachus killed the rest of the suitors. Penelope did not believe it was her husband, and tried to trick him by asking that the marriage bed be brought out, but Odysseus knew it had been built around a living tree. Now that Odysseus had returned home, the Trojan War was truly over.