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Ambedkarism

Naxalism
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Global Ethic

TBMSG
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Naxalism

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A Perspective of Global Ethic on Ambedkarism,


Human Right Revolution and Buddhist Revival
in India
Yo, Hsiang-chou

ABSTRACT:
Dr. Babasaheb Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar1891-1956 A.D.was the
leader for the human right movement of Indian Dalit people in the 20th
century. His strategy of cultural innovation and political action to release the
Dalit people from the suppressions of over three thousand years caste system
were called Ambedkarism.
Fundamentally, Ambedkarism is based on Buddhism and the ideal of
French revolution. Four criteria were highly emphasized. Dr. Ambedkar
himself took three steps to actualize his goal. In 1927, he burned the Manu
script in which the caste system was formed. In 1947, the discrimination on
Untouchables was formally removed from India constitution. And finally
in 1956, he leaded more than three million Dalit people to convert to
Buddhism.
By doing so, the human right movement and Buddhist revival in India
become one. But Dr. Ambedkar died in 1956. After that, the Naxalism of
radical violence oriented Maoist started in 1967 in India. It has become one
of the biggest threats to Indias national security in the past few years.
In 1956, Dr. Ambedkar was in question whether he should follow
Buddhism or Communism? Now India has come to the same point again:
Peace or violence?

Associate professor, Department of Life and Religious Studies, Fo Guang University

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The human right situation in India should not be treated as a regional


case. If the conflicts are not properly resolved, India would become a big
bomb in Asia. Global Ethic is an important issue in this new century. By
seeing the Human right crisis in India, people around the world should take
more positive action to help.

Keywords: Ambedkarism, Caste System, Untouchables, Engaged Buddhism,


Naxalism, Global Ethic, Human Right, Buddhist Revival

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1947

Mohandas
Karamchand Gandhi 1869 1948 A.D. Dr.
Babasaheb Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar1891-1956 A.D.

John Dewey
1859-1952

Ambedkarism

1927
Manusmruti 1947

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1947 1956

12

1967

Naxalism

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21931
31935

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41956
51956
61956

71967

Naxalism
81993

92004
102005

Global Ethic

Orientalism

1947

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Waiting for a Visa1

Waiting for a Visa, http://www.ambedkar.org/ambcd/.

I was a boy of nine when it happened, Chapter one of Waiting for a Visa.

169

Candala

1986 6
Manusmrti With the Manubhasya of Medhatithi, edited by Ganganatha jha,
Bibliotheca Indica, Work 256, Calcutta, Vol. 1, 1932; Vol 2, 1939.

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Untouchables
Untouchables

Untouchables

2006

171

SARS
SARS

1927

1927
1789

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1922

1931
5

criteria

THE MEETING BETWEEN GANDHI AND


AMBEDKAR ON AUGUST 14, 1931http://ambedkarism.wordpress.com/

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1956

Buddha or Karl Marx, http://www.ambedkar.org/ambcd/20. Buddha or Karl


Marx.htm#a1.

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1908
Dada
Keluskar Guruji

1935

1946

Siddharth
1950 5
Ceylon, Sri Lanka,
Colombo

1935

1951 Buddha Upasana

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Patha
Buddha and His
Dharma
1956 2
1954
Utan

Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha

1956

Buddha or Karl Marx

1956
7
1
2
3

Buddha or Karl Marx http://www.ambedkar.org/ambcd/20. Buddha or Karl


Marx.htm#a1.

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5
6
7
8

9
10

11

12
13
14
15
16
17

18

19

20

21
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23
8
24
25

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Dalit

Being is always becoming.

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1951

1956 10 15 9 11

Nagpur

22 Vows

Chapter Two of Waiting for a Visa. http://www.ambedkar.org/ambcd/.

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181

10

Om Mani
Padme Hum

10

1997

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1956 12
6
64

Maharashtra

Jai Bhim!
11 Jai
Bhim

12

11

1995

12

1936 1

183

2001

13

2000 5

Ambedkar Center For Justice And PeaceACJP


9 International Conference on Dalit
Human RightsDalits in the new millennium
Sangharakshita, 1986, Ambedkar and Buddhism, pp. 73-74.
13

The National Plan To Succeed in Ambedkarism http://aimbscs.org/web/


National_plan.html

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village

14
1967
Naxalites

14

1993

185

red corridor
602 170

Naxalism

2006 8 Manmohan Singh


15

15

Indias Naxalites: A spectre haunting India, Maoist rebels are fighting a brutal
low-level war with the Indian state

The Economist2006
8 17

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Dharmachari Lokamitra16
Sangharakshita

1964
Western Buddhist Order
Ambedkar and Buddhism17
1977
18

TBMSG

16

17

Sangharakshita, 1986, Ambedkar and Buddhism. London, Windhorse


Publications.

18

Lokamitra bio data, 2002

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1978 PUNE
TBMSGTrailokya Bauddha Mahasangha, Sahayaka Gana

1989
1985 1989

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2003

1994 Nagarjuna
Training Institute

2001

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TBMSG
TBMSG

NGO NPO

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19

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2007

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Engaged Buddhism

18911956 A.D.
18891947 A.D.
20

1992 TBMSG
1994
21
1995 2003
20

2004

21

1994

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2005 INEB
2006

2007 INEB

2007 22

2008

22

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23

24 2005

INEB 2011 10

25
23

24

2009 INEB
2010
WFB
1950 WFB
WFB

25

2002
2002

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2003 Deepa Metta


Water

Deepa Metta

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2011

2004

2005

2007

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1993

1993
2004

TBMSG

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26

2004 2007
B.R.Ambedkar
2008
B.R.Ambedkar

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1986
Sangharakshita, Ambedkar and Buddhism, London: Windhorse Publications,
1986.

2006

2007

http://ambedkarism.wordpress.com/.
http://aimbscs.org/web/ National_plan.html.
http://www.ambedkar.org/ambcd/.

The Economist
2006.8.17