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Development; Production and maintenance; Decommissioning; Abandonment.Specifically the HSE IMS covers the following ASID processes: Scouting; Explorative seismic survey; Seismic survey evaluation; Explorative well survey; Well survey evaluation; Well development. HSE IMSDocumentRevision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE IMS System Guidelines Manual3. DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONSThe principal terms and abbreviations used in the present document are reported below:ALARP As Low As Reasonably PracticableASID Asset HydrocarbonsBU Business UnitCA Corrective action. Action to eliminate the cause of adetected non conformityCOMPANY EDISONCONTRACTOR Any entity or person whom EDISON has awarded a partof the work EERA Evacuation, Escape and Rescue AnalysisENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT Element of an organizations activities or products orservices that can interact with the environmentENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT Any change to the environment whether adverse orbeneficial, wholly or partially resulting from anorganizations environmental aspectEIA Environmental Impact AssessmentsE&P Exploration and ProductionESD Emergency Shut DownHAZID Hazard IdentificationHAZOP Hazard and Operability StudyHSE Health, Safety and EnvironmentIMS Integrated Management SystemJHA Job Hazard AnalysisLTIF Lost Time Injury FrequencyNC Non conformit. Non-fulfillment of a HSE requirementNGO Non Governative OrganisationPA Preventive action. Action to eliminate the cause of apotential non conformityPDCA Plan, Do, Check, ActP&IDs Process and Instrumentation DiagramsQRA Quantitative Risk AssessmentSUBCONTRACTOR Any entity or person whom CONTRACTOR hassubcontracted a part of the work TRCF Total Reportable Case Frequency HSE IMSDocumentRevision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE IMS System Guidelines Manual4. REFERENCES AND OTHER RELEVANT DOCUMENTSFor the development of the HSE IMS, reference has been made to the available internationallyacknowledged standards covering the HSE aspects, to the approaches adopted by other Oil&GasCompanies.Specifically the following Standards have been considered:No. Title1 ISO 14001: 2004 Environmental Management System2 OHSAS 18001: 1999 Occupational Health and Safety Management System3 ISO17776: Petroleum and natural gas industries Production installations Guidelines and tools for hazard identification and risk assessment HSE IMSDocumentRevision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE IMS System Guidelines Manual5. HSE IMS OVERVIEWThe development of the HSE IMS has been carried out following the PDCA cycle (Figure 5.1-1)approach which concepts are here below briefly summarized: Plan: analyze activities to establish the processes (objectives, actions etc.) required to continuallyimprove you performance; Do: implement the processes; Check: monitor and measure the processes to verify its effectiveness and report the results todecision makers; Act: decide changes needed to continually improve the processes;.Fig. 5-1 PDCATaking the PDCA cycle as a reference led to the identification of the fundamentals on which HSEIMS has been defined. These fundamentals are: An HSE Policy where the Edison ASID reports its commitments towards HSE performancecontinual improvement; The HSE risk assessment and the environmental impact evaluation of all Edison ASID E&Pactivities, including activities managed by contractors and subcontractors; Identification and planning of specific strategic HSE objectives and targets both at BU and locallevel; HSE IMSDocumentRevision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE IMS System Guidelines Manual Identification, dissemination and periodical updating of the legal and non-legal requirementsapplicable to activities carried out; Definition of Edison ASID HSE roles and responsibilities both at BU and local level; Definition and implementation of the HSE requirements for the operational control of day-to-dayactivities; Definition and implementation of training cycles (identification of needs, planning and execution of training sessions, effectiveness verification) to ensure competence and awareness of concernedpersonnel; Identification, planning and implementation of all the surveillance, monitoring, maintenance andreview activities required to verify

that the HSE management is in line with the defined IMSprinciples and rules and is in compliance with the legal applicable requirements, and necessary toguarantee the efficiency and efficacy of the system itself. HSE IMSDocumentRevision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE IMS System Guidelines Manual6. IMS STRUCTUREThe further elaboration of such fundamentals within the PDCA frame yield to an HSE IMSstructure as reported in Figure 5.2-1.Fig. 6-1 HSE IMS StructureConsidering otherwise the vertical dimension of its structure, the HSE IMS is organized in severaldocumentation levels as depicted in Figure 5.2-2 and described here below: First level documentation: Edison ASID Policy already previously cited; Second level documentation: System Guidelines regulating the management activities requiredto guarantee the IMS efficiency and effectiveness (e.g.: risk assessment, improvement program,training, surveillance) ; Third level documentation: Operational Guidelines setting the minimum health, safety andenvironmental requirements to comply with while carrying out the day-to-day operationalactivities; Fourth level documentation: Project/Branch specific procedures and working instructionstailoring at local level the IMS according to country/branch/site/project specifities. HSE IMSDocumentRevision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE IMS System Guidelines ManualFig. 6-2 HSE IMS document levelsThe present manual reports in the following sections the contents of the HSE IMS SystemGuidelines while the Operational Guidelines are reported in another dedicated document. HSE IMSDocumentRevision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE IMS System Guidelines Manual7. HSE POLICYEdison ASID manages its activities pursuing excellence in the field of health, safety andenvironment. In this light, Edison ASID is committed to: Ensure compliance with health, safety and environment legislation applicable to all its activities inItaly and abroad; Prevent health and safety risks and environmental pollution; Seek a continuous improvement of the HSE performance of its activities through the definition of clear and quantified objectives, both at BU and local level; Identify key HSE indicators to monitor the progress of continuous improvement process; Sensitize, inform and train personnel to ensure its involvement in the continuous HSEimprovement process; Seek and take into consideration the standpoint of stakeholders while defining HSE managementstrategies, objectives and requirements; Request the participation and support of contractors for the fulfillment of the commitments abovelisted.All Edison ASID employees, and especially its executives and managers in their respective areas of authority, must remain vigilant and regularly check that these commitments are complied with. HSE IMSSection 8Revision 023/02/07BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE IMS System Guidelines Manual8. PLANNING HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 1 of 52HSE Risk Assessment HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 2 of 52SUMMARY1. DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVATIONS.................................................................... .....................................................................4 2. INTRODUCTION.................................................................... ................................................................................ ...........................5 2.1 PURPOSE......................................................................... ................................................................................ .................................5 2.2 OBJECTIVE....................................................................... ................................................................................ ...............................5 3. REFERENCES AND OTHER RELEVANT DOCUMENTS.......................................................................

..................................6 4. RISK MANAGEMENT APPROACH........................................................................ ......................................................................7 4.1 RISKTEAMCOMPOSITION ANDSKILLS....................................................................... .............................................................8 4.2 TOOLS FORHAZARDIDENTIFICATION ANDRISKASSESSMENT............................................................... ............................9 4.2.1 Experience/Judgement............................................................ ................................................................................ ............10 4.2.2 Checklists...................................................................... ................................................................................ .........................10 5. HAZARD AND RISK TERMINOLOGY..................................................................... .................................................................13 5.1 HAZARDS......................................................................... ................................................................................ ..............................13 5.2 RISK............................................................................ ................................................................................ ....................................13 5.3 ACCEPTANCECRITERIA.............................................................. ................................................................................ ..............14 5.4 ALARP........................................................................... ................................................................................ ...............................14 6. RISK MANAGEMENT PROCESS......................................................................... ......................................................................16 6.1 HAZARDIDENTIFICATION............................................................ ................................................................................ .............18 6.2 RISKEVALUATION.................................................................. ................................................................................ ....................19 6.3 RISKACCEPTANCE.................................................................. ................................................................................ ...................21 6.4 RISKREDUCTIONMEASURES........................................................... ................................................................................ .........24 7. RISK DOCUMENTATION AND REPORTING....................................................................... ..................................................26 7.1

RISKASSESSMENTREPORT............................................................ ................................................................................ ...........26 7.2 RISKREGISTER.................................................................... ................................................................................ .........................27 7.3 RESPONSEACTIONSHEET............................................................. ................................................................................ ...........28 8. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION TECHNIQUES...................................................................... .......................................................29 8.1 HAZARDIDENTIFICATION(HAZID)..................................................... ................................................................................ ...29 8.2 HAZARD ANDOPERABILITYANALYSIS(HAZOP)................................................... .............................................................30 8.3 QUANTITATIVERISKASSESSMENT(QRA)................................................. ............................................................................30 8.4 JOBHAZARDANALYSIS(JHA).......................................................... ................................................................................ ........32 9. CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT..................................................................... ............................................................................35 10. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES................................................................ ........................................................................36 10.1 ASID BU DIRECTOR........................................................................ ................................................................................ ...........36 10.2 ASID HSEANDRISKCOORDINATOR........................................................... ............................................................................36 10.3 ASID BRANCHHSEANDRISKMANAGERS........................................................ .....................................................................36 10.4 LEGALCONSUEL.................................................................... ................................................................................ ......................37 APPENDICES:..................................................................... ................................................................................ .......................................38 APPENDIX A CHECKLIST....................................................................... ................................................................................ ...........39 HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 3 of 52APPENDIX B HAZARD IDENTIFICATION MATRIX.......................................................................... ..........................................44

APPENDIX C CONSEQUENCE CATEGORY DEFINITION...................................................................... ....................................45 APPENDIX D LIKELIHOOD SCALE DEFINITION...................................................................... ..................................................46 APPENDIX E RISK ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET....................................................................... .................................................47 APPENDIX F RISK REGISTER........................................................................ ................................................................................ ...48 APPENDIX G RESPONSE ACTION SHEET........................................................................... .........................................................49 APPENDIX H HAZID WORKSHEET....................................................................... ..........................................................................50 APPENDIX I HAZOP WORKSHEET....................................................................... ..........................................................................51 APPENDIX J JHA WORKSHEET....................................................................... ...............................................................................5 2 HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 4 of 521. DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVATIONSThe principal terms and abbreviations used in the present document are reported below:ALARP As Low As Reasonably PracticableASID Asset HydrocarbonsBU Business UnitCOMPANY EdisonCONTRACTOR Any entity or person whom Edison has awarded a part of the WORKEERA Evacuation, Escape and Rescue AnalysisEIA Environmental Impact AssessmentsE&P Exploration and ProductionFEED Front End Engineering DesignHAZID Hazard IdentificationHAZOP Hazard and Operability StudyHSE Health, Safety and EnvironmentHSEMS Health, Safety and Environment Management SystemJHA Job Hazard AnalysisP&IDs Process and Instrumentation DiagramsQRA Quantitative Risk AssessmentSUBCONTRACTOR Any entity or person whom CONTRACTOR hassubcontracted a part of the WORK HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 5 of 522. INTRODUCTION2.1 PurposeEdison is aware of the importance to identify and manage risks throughout all stages of thebusiness lifecycle. All HSE risks associated with operations should be managed to a consistentand acceptable level.Edison ASID has developed this HSE Risk Assessment guideline to provide the overallframework for the management of HSE risks within the business and operations in order toidentify, prevent, control and mitigate risks to personnel, property, the environment and publicarising from processes, activities and materials used or encountered in them.The purpose of this guideline is to: Establish a common and consistent approach to HSE risk management; Ensure that all risks to people, environment, assets/production loss and public have beensystematically identified and assessed; To provide a means to monitor and reduce risks to As Low As Reasonably Practicable(ALARP) throughout the activities execution; To outline the documents to be produced to report risk control activities.2.2 ObjectiveThe objective of the HSE Risk Assessment guideline is to identify the methodology and criteriato manage risks at appropriate level of accuracy to be performed during Edison ASID E&Pactivities in Italy and abroad such as: Acquisition; Exploration; Appraisal; Development; Production and maintenance; Decommissioning; Abandonment.Specifically the risk assessment should cover the following ASID

processes: Scouting; HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 6 of 52 Explorative seismic survey; Seismic survey evaluation; Explorative well survey; Well survey evaluation; Well development.Edison is committed to systematically identify and assess risks arising from its activities andoperations, under normal, abnormal and emergency conditions. Besides, the risk assessmentmust include all the temporary phases that are foreseen in the life of the installation such asanomalous conditions dictated by maintenance activities.Comprehensive risk control measures will be identified to control and mitigate possibleconsequences of adverse hazardous scenarios through specific design features and applicationof appropriate standards and procedures.3. REFERENCES AND OTHER RELEVANT DOCUMENTSNo. Title1 ISO 14001: 2004 Environmental Management System4.5.1 2 OHSAS 18001: 1999 Occupational Health and Safety ManagementSystem4.5.1 HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 7 of 524. RISK MANAGEMENT APPROACHEdison ASID approach to the Risk Management can be summarized as follows: Risk Analysis:Systematic identification of the Hazards which may affect or arise fromEdison ASID activities and from the materials which are used or encountered in them; Risk Evaluation:Assessment of the associated risk arising from the identified hazards; Risk Reduction/control:Identification and implementation of risk-reduction measures inorder to eliminate or at least reduce the risks where this is deemed to be necessary; Documentationof the Hazards and Risks together with the risk-reduction measures (Risk Assessment Report, Risk Register, Response Action Sheets).The following Figure outlines Edison ASID Risk Management approach.Fig.4-1 Risk Management ApproachIs Edison ASID interest to reduce risks to ALARP and in compliance with EdisonASID Risk acceptance criteria(refer to section 6.4 for more information) which reflect HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 8 of 52local conditions and circumstances, the balance of cost and benefits and the current state of scientific and technical knowledge.The above risk management approach must be applied to all the following Edison ASIDprocesses: Scouting; Seismic Survey; Seismic Survey Evaluation; Well Survey; Well Survey Evaluation; Well development.Edison approach for hazard identification and risk assessment must: Be proactive in its scope and not applied only once incidents have occurred; Be consistent with operating experience and risk control measures employed; Be as early as possible in order that sufficient time can be given to the study beforedetermining the most appropriate solution to manage; Provide input into the determination of facility requirements (training needs, administrative,engineering or operational controls etc.); Involving personnel at all organisational levels.4.1 Risk Team Composition and SkillsHazards and risk identification is normally performed by a specific Risk Team. The Risk Teamis composed by an adequate number of members and should have the followingcharacteristics: Sufficient knowledge to recognise and identify all the HSE issues related with Edison ASIDactivities and operations subjected to the Risk Assessment; Skilled in the Risk techniques and objectives of the Risk Assessment; Knowledgeable about the design, operation and maintenance of the facilities and activitiesunder consideration.The Risk Team is usually composed by aTeam Leaderwho leads the Risk Team and theRisk Assessment session, aSecretarywho records accurately the discussions to ensure thatthe minutes fully reflect the points identified during the Risk Assessment and thePartecipants who contribute and give inputs to the discussion. HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 9 of 52The Team Leader requires a high level of technical and managerial skills and sufficient years of experience in the Risk Management. The

role of the Team Leader is critical to the success of the Risk Assessment since he is required to: Lead the team through the Risk Management Process; Prompt the brainstorming effort; Manage the discussion without compromising the creativity of the process; Identify the key issues as they are raised by the team.The Secretary and Participants should include experienced personnel (with experience inEdison ASID activities such as seismic survey, exploration activities, drilling campaign,abandonment etc.) available from the following disciplines: Project engineering; Process engineering; Production engineering; Operations; Specialists such as Reservoir Engineers and HSE Advisers.It is preferable but not essential that some of the Partecipants have been to a Risk Assessmentmeetings before. If a large number of the team are new to the Risk Management or have notattended a meeting for a long time, then a short pre-meeting should be held to describe anddemonstrate the basic techniques and principles of the Risk Assessment.4.2 Tools for Hazard Identification and Risk AssessmentThe level and extent of hazard identification and risk assessment activities vary depending onthe scale of the installation and the stage in the installation life cycle when the identification andassessment process is undertaken. For example for complex installations (e.g. large productionwell) detail studies are required while for simpler installation or installation in the early designphases it may be possible to rely on application of recognized codes and standards.Hazard identification and risk assessment activities may need to be reviewed and updated if significant new issues are identified or if there is significant change to the installation.Hazards can be identified and assessed in a numbered of ways. Hazard identification and risk assessment tools are the following (Fig.4.2-1): Experience/judgement; Checklists; HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 10 of 52 Codes and standards; Hazard identification techniques.Figure 4.2-1 Hazard Identification and Assessment Tools4.2.1 Experience/JudgementThe knowledge and expertise of staff, having appropriate experience, is used for hazardidentification and assessment. This is particularly useful where the activity under considerationis similar to E&P business activities undertaken previously at the same or different locations.Practical staff experience gained in the field and feedback from incidents and near misses isinvaluable. Refer to section 4.1 for more information on the Risk Team skills.4.2.2 ChecklistsChecklists ensure that known hazards and threats have all been identified and assessed. Theuse of checklists, however, must not be allowed to limit the scope of review. They arenormally drawn up from standards and operational experience and focus on areas where thepotential for mistakes is high or where problems have occurred in the past. Checklists are easyto apply and can be used at any stage in the project life cycle. HAZARDIDENTIFICATIONTECHNIUESCODES ANDSTANDARDCHECKLISTSEXPERIENCE/ JUDGEMENTIncreasingLevel of Detail HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 11 of 52Main categories of a typical checklist can be:External and environmental hazards Natural and Environmental Hazards; Created (Man-made) Hazards; Effect of the Facility on the Surroundings; Infrastructure; Environmental Damage.Facility hazards Control Methods/Philosophy; Fire and Explosion Hazards; Process Hazards; Utility Systems; Maintenance Hazards; Construction/Existing Facilities.Health hazards Health Hazards.Project implementation issues Contracting Strategy; Hazards Recognition and Management; Contingency Planning; Competency.Refer to Appendix A for a checklist model reporting the above mentioned categories andguide work examples.4.2.3 Codes and StandardsCodes and Standards reflect collective knowledge and experience, accumulated on the basisof national or international operations.They generally focus on hazard assessment and control, since the

hazard have already beenidentified and the standard methods for their control and mitigation defined. Codes andstandards usually contain information on hazards applicable to a particular type of operation.For example for drilling and production equipment an ISO Standard can be use. In somecases compliance with prescriptive standards alone will reduce risk to 'as low as reasonably HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 12 of 52practicable'. Similarly, the acceptability of emissions or discharges to the environment orrelease of agents harmful to health can be assessed by reference to environmental qualitystandards and occupational health exposure limits.The following list gives an example of Codes and Standards useful in the Risk Analysis: IEC 60300-3-9: Risk analysis of technological systems; EN1050: Safety of machinery Risk assessment; ISO17776: Petroleum and natural gas industries Production installations Guidelines andtools for hazard identification and risk assessment; NORSOK Z-013: Risk and emergency preparedness analysis; EN1441: Medical Devices - Risk Analysis.4.2.4 Hazard Identification TechniquesIdentification of the main hazards is important in the early stages of a design, in order to allowdesign decisions to be made which reduce risk. HAZID may be useful to achieve thisobjective, while at later stages in a design QRA and HAZOP may be found useful.Evaluation of hazards and risks associated with construction tasks and operations, includinginspection, testing and maintenance are undertaken using JHA and HAZOP techniques.All evaluation techniques provide results which are themselves subject to a range of uncertainty and consequently the results should be compared with the judgement of experienced personnel.Where there is felt to be potentially significant uncertainty in a key element of the evaluation,the use of alternative techniques should be investigated to validate results.Section 8 of this document describe some Hazard Identification Techniques in current use. HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 13 of 525. HAZARD AND RISK TERMINOLOGYThis section provides an overview of the more common terminology and concepts used in theanalysis of hazards and the determination of risk.5.1 HazardsAhazardis defined as:The potential to cause harm, ill health or injury, damage to property, plant, productsor the environment, production losses or increased liabilities.The concept that a hazard has the potential for something undesirable to happen rather thanthe actual event itself is important in understanding the approach to be adopted toward hazardidentification and risk assessment.The terms acute andchronicare often used to differentiate between hazards with thepotential to cause harm as a result of relatively short-term events such as oil spills, fires andexplosions (acute hazards) and hazards which arise from long-term events such as continuousdischarge and occupational exposure (chronic hazards). Ahazardous eventoccurs when the hazards potential to cause harm is realized.5.2 RiskRiskis define as:the product of the probability that a specified undesired event will occur and theseverity of the consequences of the event.Risk = Probability x Severity of the consequences To determine the risk of a specific hazardous event taking place therefore requiresinformation on the likelihood (possibility of something happening) of the event taking place andthe severity of the adverse consequences that could be expected to follow from it. Risk is aterm which combines the chance that a specified undesired event will occur and the severity of the consequences of the event. HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 14 of 525.3 Acceptance CriteriaIn order for Edison ASID to make decisions on the results of a risk assessment (determinewhether the risk is

fully acceptable, completely intolerable or somewhere in between)acceptance criteria are established. Edison ASID Acceptance Criteria express:the level of health, safety and/or environmental performance deemed acceptable for agiven period or phase of activities.They may be defined both in quantitative and qualitative terms. Edison ASID acceptancecriteria: Reflect best practice as contained in national or international standards reflect Edison ASID strategic and organisational objectives Take local condition under consideration in order to reflect differing approaches to risk management; factors which have an effect on the criteria are geographical location,environmental conditions, political and/or economic constrains and societal attitudes Are acceptable to Edison S.p.a., financial investors, regulators and society.5.4 ALARPEdison ASID requires that residual risks associated with Facilities or activities have beenreduced to ALARP. The definition of ALARP is:As low as reasonably practicableTo reduce a risk to a level which is as low as reasonably practicable involves balancingreduction in risk against the time, trouble, difficulty and cost of achieving it.The ALARPlevel represents the point, objectively assessed, at which the time, trouble, difficultyand cost of further reduction measures become unreasonably disproportionate to theadditional risk reduction obtained.ALARP principle is represented graphically in the Figure below: HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 15 of 52Figure 5.4-1 ALARP principle HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 16 of 526. RISK MANAGEMENT PROCESSTo identify and assess risks, Edison ASID shall implement the following Risk ManagementProcess, a continuous process, which typically implies four major steps:1 - Identification and definition of hazards and their potential effects;2 Evaluation (assessment) of risks and effects arising from the identified hazards eitherqualitatively or quantitatively in terms of the likelihood/probability of occurrence and severity of the consequences;3 Assessment of tolerability of risk to personnel, environment, assets and public bycomparing risk level with Edison ASID relevant acceptance criteria;4 Identification of risk reduction measures needed to reduce the likelihood/probability(prevention) and/or the consequences of an accident (control and mitigation).This Process must be conducted regularly on all Edison ASID Projects and existing Facilitysoperations and shall also be initiated when activities change.The above risk management process must be conducted during all Edison ASID processesand specific phases as shown in the following Table:Table 6-1 Edison ASID main processes and phases Process PhasesScoutingSiesmic Survey- Desk study and Field Trip- Contractor selectionOperative phase- DecommissioningSeismic Survey EvaluationWell SurveyPre-engineering- Technical feasibility Study- FEED- Operative planningContractor selection- Operative phase- DecommissioningWell Survey Evaluation HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 17 of 52Well Development- Well development study- Contractor selection- Design- Project Management TeamSelection- Operative phase- Well production- DecommissioningThe Risk Management Process is represented graphically in Figure 6-1. Guidance on eachstep is provided in the following sections.Fig. 6-1 - Risk Assessment Process HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 18 of 526.1 Hazard IdentificationBefore the risks associated with a particular activity can be assessed, it is first necessary tosystematically identified the hazards which may affect, or arise from, the particular operationunder consideration. The identification of potential HSE hazards and effects covers all phasesof Edison ASID processes and related activities at the appropriate level of accuracy, takingalso into account all phases in the life of any installation including temporary conditions dictatedby maintenance

activities.For each activity, the most significant hazards should be identified in terms of: Potential sources of incidents; Human health hazards; Environmental hazards; Company Reputation hazards; Possibility of breaching applicable laws and rules; Possibility of violating Edison Policy, assigned objectives and targets; Possibility of violating identified expectancy of stakeholders; Potential sources of economic loss.Example of HSE aspects to be considered are: Fire and explosion; Exposure to chemical; Driving; Asphyxiation and electrocution; Human factors; Emissions; Wastes; Noise; Vibration; Water; Atmosphere; Ecosystems alteration.It is important to underline that the hazard indentification addresses specific projectactivities. For each project the main activities and subactivities should be defined inorder to easily identify the specific related hazards.An example of matrix for the hazardidentification is provided in Appendix B. HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 19 of 52This task is often an iterative process and discussions and decisions must be recorded. Thisstage can be the most cost-effective time to eliminate potential major hazards.The identification of the hazards and effects should be performed using adequate personalexperiences (Refer to section 4.1 for more information on the Risk Team skills), checklists,codes and standards references and specialized hazard identification techniques. Refer toSection 8 of this document for more information on the different techniques for hazardidentification.6.2 Risk EvaluationOnce the hazards have been identified, the risks they present to personnel, environment, assetsand people are evaluated. Risk evaluation requires consideration of both the severity of consequences of the potential hazard and the likelihood of the realisation.6.2.1 Consequence EvaluationThe consequences are those of credible scenarios (taking the prevailing circumstances intoconsideration) that can develop from the release of a hazard. The consequence estimates arebased on envisaged scenarios of what might happen. Hazards can have consequences in allfour consequence categories: Personnel:Harm to the health and safety of personnelinvolved in Edison ASID operationsand activities; Property Damage and/or Loss of Revenue:Damage to Edison ASID physical assetand/or impacts on projects (failure to meet project objectives) and/or production losses; Environmental:Damage to the environment deriving from Edison ASID operational activitiesor from incidents; Public:Damage to the general public which may produce adverse public reaction withconsequences on Edison S.p.a.reputation.It is important to remember that most activities which carry some degree of risk, entail risk tomore than one of the above categories. All possible effects of a hazard must be consideredtogether.Refer to Appendix C for Edison ASID detailed definitions of the consequence categories. HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 20 of 526.2.2 Frequency/Likelihood EvaluationThe frequency estimates are based on historical information that such a scenario has happenedunder similar conditions in the same business and/or within Edison ASID, knowing full well thatcircumstances will never be exactly the same.Examples of likelihood scale definitions are provided in Appendix D.6.2.3 Risk DeterminationHaving determined the probability of the different scenario and the consequences arising fromthat event, it is possible to represent the severity of the risk graphically using a Risk Matrix. Toassess the risk the following sequence should be followed:first the potential consequencesare estimated and only thereafter the likelihood of such consequences occurring areestimated.Edison ASID developed the following Risk Assessment Matrix (Table

6.2.3-1) where: The verticalaxis represents the measure of likelihood of the occurrence of an undesired event.The scale of likelihood from 0.5 to 10 is used to indicate the increasing likelihood; The horizontalaxis represents the consequence severity that could occur with that event. Thescale of consequences from "1" to "100" is used to indicate increasing severity.The intersection of the chosen column with the chosen row is the risk level.The overallrisk is classified according to which of the consequences has the highest rating.The numbers in each box of the matrix give an index of the severity of the determined risks anda priority order for their management. High numbers correspond to more severe risks whichneed to be managed firstly. HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 21 of 52Table 6.2.3-1 Risk Matrix6.3 Risk AcceptanceAs soon as the level of risk is defined in the risk matrix, its necessary to assess itsacceptability (tolerability) which means thecomparison of the risk level with EdisonASID identified acceptability/tolerability thresholdsin order to determine whether therisk is fully acceptable, completely intolerable or somewhere in between.The Risk Matrix and Risk Acceptability criteria have been defined and approved after adetailed analysis of Edison ASID Management of the historical databases and pastexperiences of Companies and industries operating in the same business. ASID BU presentand past experiences, HSE Policy and strategic objectives have also been considered.6.3.1 Risk Acceptability CriteriaEdison ASID established three Risk acceptability thresholds which are clearly indicated on theRisk Assessment Matrix by the three different shaded-in areas (Fig. 6.3.1-1). HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 22 of 52Fig. 6.3.1-1 Risk Matrix with Risk Acceptability CriteriaEach of the three coloured regions in the Risk Matrix identify the limits of EdisonASID risk acceptability/tolerability(Table 6.3.1-1). The three different colours classifyrisks as Low , Medium orHigh.Table 6.3.1-1 Risk Acceptability CriteriaThe numbers in each box of the risk matrix give an index of the severity of the determined risksand a priority order for their management. High numbers correspond to a major severity of risk. For example if two risks follow in the red area (high risk) one in the 160 box and theother one in the 500 box, the second risk is the most severe and need to be manage firstly.The level of risk is acceptableand generic controlmeasures are required to avoid deterioration.LOW RISK(Continuous Improvement)The level of risks can be acceptable only oncerisk-reduction measureshave been identified andimplemented. Application of ALARP.MEDIUM RISK(Risk reduction Measures/ALARP)The level of risk is not acceptableand risk controlmeasures are required to mitigate the effects and to movethe risk level to the yellow area. Complementary risk analysis required (QRA, HAZOP etc.) HIGH RISK(Intolerable Risk) HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 50 of 52APPENDIX H HAZID WORKSHEET HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/07BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 51 of 52APPENDIX I HAZOP WORKSHEET HSE IMSSection 8.1Revision 023/02/07BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE Risk AssessmentPage 52 of 52APPENDIX J JHA WORKSHEET HSE IMSSection 8.2Revision 023/02/07BU Hydrocarbons AssetEnvironmental Aspects in NormalOperating ConditionsPage 1 of 7Environmental Aspects in Normal Operating Conditions HSE IMSSection 8.2Revision 023/02/07BU Hydrocarbons AssetEnvironmental Aspects in NormalOperating ConditionsPage 2 of 7SUMMARY1. DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVATIONS.................................................................... ....................................................................3 2. PURPOSE......................................................................... ................................................................................

..................................4 3. REFERENCES AND OTHER RELEVANT DOCUMENTS....................................................................... ..................................4 4. ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS IN NORMAL OPERATING CONDITIONS...................................................................... ..5 4.1. IDENTIFICATION.................................................................. ................................................................................ ..........................5 4.2. CHARACTERIZATION................................................................ ................................................................................ ....................5 4.3. EVALUATION...................................................................... ................................................................................ ............................5 4.4. PROCEDURES...................................................................... ................................................................................ .............................6 4.5. TRAINING........................................................................ ................................................................................ ................................6 4.6. UPDATING........................................................................ ................................................................................ ...............................6 5. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES................................................................ ...............................................................................7 5.1. ASID BU DIRECTOR........................................................................ ................................................................................ ..............7 5.2. ASID HSECOORDINATOR.................................................................. ................................................................................ .........7 5.3. BRANCHHSEMANAGER................................................................ ................................................................................ ..............7 HSE IMSSection 8.2Revision 023/02/07BU Hydrocarbons AssetEnvironmental Aspects in NormalOperating ConditionsPage 3 of 71. DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVATIONSThe principal terms and abbreviations used in the present document are reported below:ASID Asset HydrocarbonsBU Business UnitE&P Exploration and ProductionHSE Health, Safety and EnvironmentIMS Integrated Management SystemNGO Non governmental organizationCONTRACTOR Any entity or person whom Edison has awarded apart of the work SUBCONTRACTOR Any entity or person whom CONTRACTOR hassubcontracted a part of the work ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT Element of an organizations activities or productsor services that can interact with the environmentENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT Any change to the environment whether adverse orbeneficial, wholly or partially resulting from anorganizations environmental aspect

HSE IMSSection 8.4Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetImprovement ProgramPage 5 of 84. IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMThe preparation and implementation of an HSE improvement program shall address, at a minimum,the topics here below summarized.4.1. Objectives and TargetsHSE objectives and targets shall be defined taking into account at a minimum the followingtopics/documents: HSE Policy; Stakeholders expectations and requests; Significant environmental impacts and health and safety risks associated to the E&P activitiescarried out (see guidelines Environmental Aspects in Normal Operating Conditions and HSERisk Assessment); HSE legal and non-legal requirements (see guideline Legal and other requirements); Results of the Management Review.Objectives and targets shall be defined, as far as it is achievable depending on technical,economic and organizational constraints, in order to ensure at a minimum: Minimisation of environmental impacts (harmful discharges, emissions, wastes, etc.) fromoperational activities; Minimisation of accidental losses (e.g. injuries, equipment damages, product losses, etc.) Efficient use of energy and natural resources; Improvement of the relationship with stakeholders.The objectives and targets shall be: Relevant to all levels and functions of Edison ASID E&P; Relevant to activities carried out by contractors and subcontractors; Quantified, wherever practicable; Associated to a defined timescale; Realistic and achievable with respect to technical, economic, organizational and time constraints; Divulgated and promoted at all Edison ASID levels, including contractors and subcontractors. HSE IMSSection 8.4Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetImprovement ProgramPage 6 of 84.2. Performance indicatorsPerformance indicators shall be defined and periodically monitored in order to continually assessthe degree to which objectives and targets are achieved.Such indicators shall be: Simple to identify, collect, measure, understand and use; Objective, verifiable and reproducible.Typical world-wide accepted performance indicators for HSE matters are: Lost Time Injury Frequency (LTIF); Total Reportable Case Frequency (TRCF); Injury Severity; Total Reported Sickness Absence; Total New Cases of Occupational Health; Incident Total and Potential; Emergency Shut Down (ESD) Trips and Alarms; Environmental inputs (e.g.: energy consumption) and outputs (e.g.: waste) during normal operatingactivities; Environmental accidents occurrence (e.g.: spills).4.3. Improvement ProgramIdentified HSE objectives and targets shall be documented via an Improvement Program (refer toAnnex A for an example of Improvement Program) that shall contain at a minimum the followinginformation: Clear description of the objectives and targets; The defined Performance indicators to monitor the achievement of the objectives; Time scales for the implementation; Roles and responsibilities for the implementation of the activities required to achieve theobjectives; Economic resources when required.The Improvement Program shall be review periodically, at least yearly, during the ManagementReview (see guideline Management Review) in order to monitor the implementation andachievement level of the defined objectives and targets. HSE IMSSection 8.4Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetImprovement ProgramPage 7 of 85. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES5.1. ASID BU DirectorThe BU Director shall: Approve the improvement program at BU and Branch level; Ensure the availability of the economic, human and technical resources for the achievement of theobjective and targets defined in the programs.5.2. ASID HSE CoordinatorASID HSE Coordinator shall: Define an improvement program at BU leveland for activities carried out at locations where thereare no branches being effective; Monitor the work in progress of such programs on a periodical basis; Support the Branch HSE Managers for the identification of the objectives and associatedperformance indicators at branch level.5.3. ASID Branch HSE ManagersASID Branch HSE Managers shall: Define an improvement program at the Branch level; Monitor the work in progress of such program on a periodical basis.5.4. Operational ManagerOperational Manager shall: Support the HSE Branch Manager/ASID HSE coordinator for the definition of the improvementprogram;

Ensure the implementation and monitoring the progress of the improvement program regardinghis/her competence area; HSE IMSSection 8.4Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons Asset Improvement ProgramPage 8 of 8ANNEX A IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMObjective Target1Activity2Phases of the activityPhasesImplementationDeadlinesResponsibilities(job position andname)Resources3 1Quantification and deadline of the general objective identified.2Activity required to achieve the target3Human and/or economic resources HSE IMSSection 9Revision 023/02/07BU Hydrocarbons AssetHSE IMS System Guidelines Manual9. IMPLEMENTING HSE IMSSection 9.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetOrganization structure and resourcesallocationPage 1 of 9Organization structure and resources allocation HSE IMSSection 9.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetOrganization structure and resourcesallocationPage 2 of 9SUMMARY1. DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVATIONS.................................................................... ....................................................................3 2. PURPOSE......................................................................... ................................................................................ ..................................4 3. REFERENCES AND OTHER RELEVANT DOCUMENTS....................................................................... ..................................4 4. ORGANIZATION AND RESOURCES DEFINITION...................................................................... ...........................................5 4.1. RESOURCES IDENTIFICATION.................................................................. ................................................................................ ....5 4.2. ORGANIZATION DEFINITION...................................................................... ................................................................................ .5 4.3. JOB DESCRIPTIONS.................................................................... ................................................................................ .....................5 4.4. TRAINING........................................................................ ................................................................................ ................................6 4.5. REVIEW.......................................................................... ................................................................................ ..................................6 5. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES................................................................ ...............................................................................7 5.1. ASID BU DIRECTOR........................................................................ ................................................................................ ..............7 5.2. CORPORATEPASQ...................................................................

................................................................................ .....................7 5.3. ASID HSECOORDINATOR.................................................................. ................................................................................ .........7 5.4. BRANCHMANAGER................................................................... ................................................................................ ....................7 5.5. BRANCHHSEMANAGER................................................................ ................................................................................ ..............8 ANNEX A EDISON ASID ORGANIZATION CHART........................................................................... ............................................9 HSE IMSSection 9.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetOrganization structure and resourcesallocationPage 3 of 91. DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVATIONSThe principal terms and abbreviations used in the present document are reported below:ASID Asset HydrocarbonsBU Business UnitCONTRACTOR Any entity or person whom EDISON has awardeda part of the work E&P Exploration and ProductionHSE Health, Safety and EnvironmentIMS Integrated Management System HSE IMSSection 9.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetOrganization structure and resourcesallocationPage 4 of 92. PURPOSEThe purpose of this guideline is to give an overview of the essential topics to be addressed whendefining HSE IMS responsibilities and HSE IMS allocate resources allocation.3. REFERENCES AND OTHER RELEVANT DOCUMENTSNo. Title1 ISO 14001: 2004 Environmental Management System4.5.1 2 OHSAS 18001: 1999 Occupational Health and Safety ManagementSystem4.5.1 HSE IMSSection 9.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetOrganization structure and resourcesallocationPage 5 of 94. ORGANIZATION AND RESOURCES DEFINITIONThe definition of Edisons organization structure and the allocation of resources throughoutEDISON ASID shall address, at a minimum, the topics here below summarized.4.1. Resources identificationAppropriate resources shall be made available to establish, implement and maintain the HSEintegrated management system.Identification of resources shall take into account the following items: Human resources and training; Infrastructure and technologies; Information systems; Financial and other resources specific to operations.Resources allocation shall consider both the current and future needs when predictable.4.2. Organization definitionAppropriate assignment of HSE responsibilities and authorities within EDISON ASID at all BUlevels is essential to ensure successful establishment, implementation and maintenance of the HSEmanagement system.In the light of what above mentioned, an Edison ASID HSE Organization Chart has been definedas reported in ANNEX AContractors and subcontractors key HSE staff shall be identified in order to ensure an effectivecoordination and co-operation with EDISON HSE personnel.4.3. Job descriptionsPotential needs to draw up dedicated job descriptions in order to properly describe skills andcompetences of HSE key figures shall be evaluated. HSE IMSSection 9.1Revision 023/02/2007BU Hydrocarbons AssetOrganization structure and resourcesallocationPage 6 of 9The preparation and management of the job descriptions shall comply with the minimumrequirements set in the guideline Documentation management;4.4. TrainingNeeds in terms of training with respect to responsibilities/roles definition and assignment shall beevaluated.Training shall then be planned and carried out in compliance with the minimum requirements set inguideline HSE Training.4.5.

ReviewResponsibilities and resources allocation shall be reviewed periodically (see the guidelinemanagement review) and anyhow whenever a change in the activities carried out or in theEDISON ASID organizational structure occurs. HSE IMS System Manual Download this Document for FreePrintMobileCollectionsReport DocumentReport this document?Please tell us reason(s) for reporting this document Spam or junk Porn adult content Hateful or offensiveIf you are the copyright owner of this document and want to report it, please follow these directions to submit a copyright infringement notice.Report Cancel This is a private document. Info and Rating Reads:56Uploaded:01/23/2012Category:Uncategorized.Rated:Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial FollowdzeligShare & Embed Related Documents PreviousNext 17 p. 54 p. 13 p. 30 p. 25 p. 67 p. 67 p. 67 p. 10 p. 9 p. 10 p. 2 p. 6 p. 8 p. 2 p. 24 p. 39 p. 1 p. 26 p. 31 p. 2 p. 5 p.More from this user PreviousNext 172 p.Add a Comment SubmitCharacters: 400 Print This DocumentHigh QualityOpen the downloaded document, and select print from the file menu (PDF reader required).Download and Print Use your Facebook login and see what your friends are reading and sharing.Other login optionsLogin with FacebookSignupI don't have a Facebook account email address (required) create username (required) password (required) Send me the Scribd Newsletter, and occasional account related communications. Sign Up Privacy policy You will receive email notifications regarding your account activity. You can manage these notifications in your account settings. We promise to respect your privacy. Why Sign up?1. Discover and Connect With people of similar interests2. Publish Your Documents Quickly and easily3. Share Your Reading Interest On Scribd and social sites like Facebook and TwitterAlready have a Scribd account?email address or username password Log In Trouble logging in? Login SuccessfulNow bringing you back...

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