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External Measurement of Student Achievement May 2010

Grade

Science

TEST INSTRUCTIONS
Please make sure that you have a separate answer sheet with this test paper. Please check that the answer sheet has your details printed on it. If not, print your name and date of birth on your answer sheet in the area provided. Please check that the subject and grade number on your answer sheet matches this question paper. This test has 35 QUESTIONS. Each question has four possible answers. Only one is correct. Please use a pencil only to shade in the answer bubble of your choice on your answer sheet. Choose the correct answer from A, B, C or D and shade this bubble in on your SCIENCE ANSWER SHEET. If you make a mistake then rub out your answer completely and shade in the bubble of your new answer. All answers must be marked on your ANSWER SHEET. You are allowed 65 minutes for this test.

Grade 6 Science

Ahmed collected a sample of soil. It contained two sizes of particle. Here is a magnified drawing of each. 0.8mm 2mm Which sieve would be the best to separate these types of particle? 2mm 1.5mm 0.8mm 3mm A B C

2
Why is it easier to move furniture which has casters or small wheels?

A B C D

A rolling object creates less friction. The wheels help to make the furniture lighter. The effect of gravity is less when furniture moves. There is less air-resistance under the furniture.

Grade 6 Science

ioxide air

Carbon dioxide from the air Chlorophyll in leaf helps plant make its food Water from the roots ? What does stand for?

Chlorophyll in leaf helps plant make its food

A B C D
4

oxygen enters the air oxygen is absorbed carbon dioxide is made carbon dioxide turns into chlorophyll

Which effects create the length of a day and a year on Earth? Length of Earths Day Length of Earths year Spinning of Earth Spinning of Sun A

B C D
5

Orbit of Earth Spinning of Earth Orbit of Sun

Orbit of Sun Orbit of Earth Spinning of Earth

Mixtures can be a combination of solids, liquids or gases. Mixture Solid-liquid Gas-liquid Gas gas Solute Solid Gas Gas Solvent Liquid Liquid Gas Example Salt water ? Air

What mixture could complete the table?

A B C D

rain ice blue ink fizzy drink

Grade 6 Science

Fatima wanted to see which ball would bounce the most. To do this she dropped three balls from a height of 1 metre and counted how many times they bounced. Number of bounces Type of ball Basketball Golf ball Tennis ball Which is the best conclusion to draw from this experiment?

A B C D
7

all balls bounce the same number of times balls containing more air bounce more small balls bounce more than big balls balls made of rubber bounce more

Khalid made these notes about an object he was observing over a few days. Which observation gives the best evidence that the object is living?

cool to touch wly get bigge r moves away fr om strong lig ht makes low hum ming noise is moist appears to slo

A B C D
8

cool to touch makes low humming noise feels moist moves away from strong light

This cyclist is travelling at the same speed as the bus. Which statement is true?

A B C D

Both are easy to stop because they have wheels. The bus takes more force to stop because it is heavier. The bike needs a bigger force to stop it because it is lighter than the bus. Both need the same force to stop because they are moving at the same speed.
4

Grade 6 Science

Land is completely cleared to make way for a new power plant. How might local birds be affected?

A B C D
10

bird numbers decrease because the weather changes the birds will produce more eggs and chicks bird numbers will increase, as there is more space the birds will have less food and shelter

= is consumed by sun grass zebra lion In this ecosystem the climate has changed, resulting in less grass. What will this mean for other animals?

KEY

A B C D
11

There will be fewer zebras and fewer lions. There will be fewer zebras, but more lions. There will be more zebras and more lions. There will be no change in the number of zebras or lions.

Cows are a large source of greenhouse gases. How can the amount of this gas from cows be reduced?

A B C D

make sure that farmers keep their farms clean make sure that cows are kept inside barns have fewer cows on farms improve the pasture which cattle eat

Grade 6 Science

12

Sherrines class is trying to reduce the amount of litter at her school. In November her class picked up and counted all the kinds of litter that was in the playground. Then they told other students how litter can hurt other animals and the environment. They asked everyone to try not to litter. In December they picked up and counted all the litter again. Here is a graph of their results:
80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Food packages Papers Food scraps

November

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Food packages

December

Papers

Food scraps

Did their school reduce litter?

A B C D
13

Yes, because the amount of food packages and paper went down in December. Yes, because there was less of all kinds of litter in December. No, because there was still too much litter in November. No, because the number of pieces of food scrap litter was the same in both months.

Bilal is a bird watcher. He sketched this bird he saw on his holiday. Which description of a bird does his sketch match?

A B C D

sharp hooked beak, smallish head, streamlined shape fat bird, large head, short neck, medium length tail, long broad beak large, mostly white, yellow crest on top of head, medium sized curved beak stocky, medium sized, large round head, ring of dark feathers around its face, small hooked beak
6

Grade 6 Science

14

What part of a birds body would best help it to fly at high speeds?

A B C D
15

a large, broad beak a head covered in large feathers short but heavy bones a narrow, thin body

Sana went for a trek in the desert. Which object would she rely on to find her way?

A B C D
16

a magnet a compass a ruler a measuring tape

Which of the following correctly completes the table? WATER Boiling Point Freezing Point 0 C 100 C A

B C D

100 C 100 C 100 C

0 C 100 C 100 C

Grade 6 Science

17

Trachea Alveoli Bronchi Bronchioles Bronchioles Alveoli Diaphragm When a foreign object is accidentally inhaled, it blocks the rest of the air passages which are smaller than it. These smaller passages do not inflate with air. Where would be the most dangerous place for a foreign object to lodge?

Human Lungs

A B C D
18

alveoli bronchioles bronchus trachea

Solar power is classified as a renewable energy source because it

A B C D

is NOT made from oil. comes from the sun and will never run out. does NOT have any negative side effects. helps to reduce pollution.
8

Grade 6 Science

19

A group of students was discussing density. The teacher asked the students these two questions: "How much space would 1 kilogram of gold take up?" "How much space would 1 kilogram of feathers take up?" Here is how four students responded. 1 kg of feathers 1 kg of gold is would take up slightly more about the size of a mobile phone. space than 1 kg of gold. 1 kg of feathers is about the size of a large pillow. Ali Mahmoud 1 kilogram of gold would Both the gold and the be about the size of a large suitcase. feathers would take up the 1 kilogram of feathers is about the same amount of space. size of a refrigerator. Mustafa Bilal Who is correct?

A B C D

Ali Bilal Mahmoud Mustafa

Grade 6 Science

20

When an electric current passes through metal, it causes a magnetic field. This is called electromagnetism. Which explanation shows how an electromagnetic crane works?

A Electricity allows the crane to pick up very heavy objects not made of metal. B Electricity is switched on to pick up heavy metal objects and switched off to drop
them.

C When electricity is passed through a magnet, it repels metal objects, making them
move.

D Electromagnets can crush metals, helping to make more room in a scrap metal yard.
21
Deserts are harsh environments for animals to survive in. Which adaptation of the camel best helps it to survive in this environment?

A B C D
22

Camels give birth to many live babies. Camels have heavy bony skeletons. Camels can store nutrients in their humps. Camels can run at moderately high speeds.

Which diagram shows the movement of the Earth and the Moon around the Sun?

SunSun Sun Sun


Moon Moon Moon Moon Moon Earth EarthEarth Earth Earth

SunSun Sun Sun Sun


Moon Moon Moon Moon Moon Earth EarthEarth Earth Earth

SunSun Sun Sun Sun Moon Moon Moon Moon Earth EarthEarth Earth Earth

SunSun Sun Sun Sun


Earth EarthEarth Earth Earth

Moon Moon Moon Moon Moon

AA A A

BBBB

CCCC C

DD DD D

10

Grade 6 Science

23

Sand does not dissolve in water. Copper sulphate dissolves easily in water. Which statement describes the separation of sand and dissolved copper sulphate?

A A new substance has been formed so the substances cannot be separated. B Sand can be removed by filtering the water then the copper sulphate can be
removed by evaporating the water.

C The sand can be removed since it is insoluble, but the copper sulphate cannot be
removed from the water.

D Both the sand and the copper sulphate can be removed by using filter paper.
24
UAE Summer days are slightly longer than winter days Sri Lanka Similar length of day all year Equator Antarctica Very long summer days Very short winter days Which explanation describes why day length differs in different places on Earth?

A B C D

the amount the Earth is tilted the distance from the Earth to the Sun the rate the Earth spins on its axis the shadow of the Moon

11

Grade 6 Science

25

Which diagram shows the magnetic field around a magnet? N N N S S S A B C

N S

26

20 10 0 Everlast Enviro Gold Plus Battery Type Which statement is a fair conclusion?

Time (minutes)

Khaliq wanted to know which brand of battery would last longest. He tested the batteries by running a battery-operated toy car. He used the car until the car stopped and timed the results. Length of Battery Operation 70 60 50 40 30

Durable

A B C D

It is impossible to tell which battery is best to use. The Enviro Battery probably gave more energy for less time. Gold Plus provided the most energy, Enviro and Durable the least. Unless he used a number of different cars, you cannot draw an overall conclusion.

12

Grade 6 Science

27

Mona placed each of these three substances into the same container which holds 1 L of water: Each substance has a mass of 100 g. Substance II Substance III Substance I Water displaced Water displaced Water displaced 100mL 96mL 100mL She recorded how much water spilt out of the container when each substance was placed in a full container of water. Which substance has the greatest density?

A B C D
28

Substance I because its mass is 100 g and 100 mL was displaced. Substance II because it displaced the smallest volume of water. Substance III because it displaced the largest volume of water. As all three substances have the same mass, their densities are equal.

Group 1 6 legs No wings

Group 2 6 legs 2 wings

Group 3 6 legs 4 wings

Which of these animals should be classified into Group 1?

13

Grade 6 Science

29 Why is it important to recycle aluminium cans?


A B C D
30

It is a non-renewable resource; so we should not waste it. It is a non-renewable resource; so it should be kept out of the environment. It is a renewable resource; so it is easier to recycle. It is a renewable resource; so it is cheaper to recycle.

What is the best explanation of the processes at work in this landscape?

A B C D

This landscape will remain unchanged since it is made of solid rock. Over time this landscape will keep changing because of erosion. Molten rock will break through the thin layer of rock under the river. The steep cliffs were probably caused by volcanic eruptions.

14

Grade 6 Science

31

Which diagram shows the flow of energy in an ecosystem in which falcons eat mice? solar energy solar absorbed heat energy by plants released heat absorbed reabsorbed by plants by sun heat falcon released falcon mouse mouse heat released A B absorbed by plants heat mouse heat solar absorbed solar energy by plants energy mouse falcon heat falcon

32

Water does not appear in the Periodic Table. Why?

A B C D

water can form large icebergs salt will dissolve in water it can occur as steam, water or ice it is a combination of elements

15

Grade 6 Science

33

Fatima conducted an experiment to see how far a spring could be stretched by applying different weights (masses) to the spring. metre ruler spring pointer weight Fatima entered her data into a table. Weight (Newtons) 100 200 300 400 Stretch (cm) 12 24 ? 48

Based on Fatima's findings, predict how much a 300 N weight would stretch the spring.

A B C D
34

28 cm 30 cm 36 cm 44 cm

Abiotic features of an ecosystem are those that are non-living. What does this mean?

A B C D
35

Grass is abiotic but it can still affect living organisms. Chemicals in the soil are abiotic but can still affect living organisms. Grass is biotic and cannot be affected by abiotic features. Chemicals in the soil are biotic but cannot affect other living organisms.

During a total solar eclipse, the sun cannot be seen from Earth for a short time. What causes this to happen?

A B C D

It is night-time on both Earth and the Sun at the same time. The solar systems largest planet, Jupiter, blocks the Suns rays. The eclipse is seen from the side of the Earth facing away from the Sun. The moon is between the Earth and the Sun, blocking some of the light.
16

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