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Waqar Habib 4th, Runyon Literary Terms for Quiz Anaphora: The intentional repetition of beginning clauses in order

r to create an artistic effect. Example: Churchill declared, "We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on the end. We shall fight in France. We shall fight on the seas and oceans. Antithesis: Using opposite phrases in close conjunction. Example: "I burn and I freeze," or "Her character is white as sunlight, black as midnight." Analogy: A comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for purpose of explanation or clarification. Example: "MTV is to music as KFC is to chicken." Asyndeton: using no conjunctions to create an effect of speed or simplicity. Example: "I came. I saw. I conquered." Anadiplosis: repeating the last word of a clause at the beginning of the next clause. Example: As Nietzsche said, "Talent is an adornment; an adornment is also a concealment." Antimetabole: repetition in reverse order. Example: "One should eat to live, not live to eat." Appositive: a noun or noun substitute placed next to (in apposition to) another noun to be described or defined by the appositive. Example: Henry Jameson, the boss of the operation, always wore a red baseball cap. Apophasis: asserts or emphasizes something by pointedly seeming to pass over, ignore, or deny it. Example: She's bright, well-read, and personable--to say nothing of her modesty and generosity. Hypophora: consists of raising one or more questions and then proceeding to answer them, usually at some length. Example: What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather, discovered in this matter? What does the Scripture say? "Abraham believed God. --Rom. 4:1,3 (NIV) Ask Q1 followed by Q2, and then answer both with one answer. Litotes: a particular form of understatement, is generated by denying the opposite or contrary of the word which otherwise would be used. Example: Heat waves are not rare in the summer. (are not rare, instead of common)

Waqar Habib 4th, Runyon Metaphor: A comparison or analogy stated in such a way as to imply that one object is another one, figuratively speaking. Example: Then Jesus declared, "I am the bread of life." --John 6:35 Metonymy: Using a vaguely suggestive, physical object to embody a more general idea. Example: The orders came directly from the White House. (W.H. = President) Parallelism: is recurrent syntactical similarity. Example: "King Alfred tried to make the law clear, precise, and equitable." Polysyndeton: is the use of a conjunction between each word, phrase, or clause. Example: They read and studied and wrote and drilled. I laughed and played and talked and flunked. (Pattern 5) Parenthesis: consists of a word, phrase, or whole sentence inserted as an aside in the middle of another sentence. (Usually an authors thoughts). Example: But in whatever respect anyone else is bold (I speak in foolishness), I am just as bold myself 2 Cor. 11:21. Rhet. Ques.: differs from hypophora in that it is not answered by the writer, because its answer is obvious or obviously desired, and usually just a yes or no. Example: But how can we expect to enjoy the scenery when the scenery consists entirely of garish billboards? Simile: is a comparison between two different things that resemble each other in at least one way. Example: The soul in the body is like a bird in a cage. Zeugma: Artfully using a single verb to refer to two different objects in an ungrammatical but striking way, or artfully using an adjective to refer to two separate nouns, even though the adjective would logically only be appropriate for one of the two. Example: "Kill the boys and the luggage."