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Method Statement

FOR

Soil Investigation

PREPARED BY

JUNE 2010

Infratech ASTM CO., LTD.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter

Title

Page

Table of Contents..1
List of Appendix....................................................................................................................................... 2
List of Table............................................................................................................................................. 2
List of Figures.......................................................................................................................................... 2

1.0

INTRODUCTION AND BACK GROUND OF THE PROJECT ....................................................... 3

2.0

SCOPE OF WORK ............................................................................................................................... 3

3.0 FIELD INVESTIGATION AND BOUNDARY SURVEY ..3


3.1 General .................................................................................................................................. 3
3.2 Boring and Sampling .4
3.4 Groundwater Measurement................................................................................................ ...4
3.5
Field permeability Test ..4
3.6
Soil Resistivity Test ...5
3.7 Test Pit.5
3.8
Down Hole Seismic Test .5
3.9
Dutch Cone Penetration Test .....5
3.10 Site Boundary Survey
4.0
LABORATORY TEST ..6
4.1 Unconfined Compression test .6
4.2 Atterberg Limits .6
4.3 Particle Size Analysis ...6
4.4 Unit Weight and Water Content Determination.7
4.5 Oedometer test ..7
4.6 Compaction Test and CBR Test 7
4.7
Water Analysis .7
5.0

REPORT ....8

Figures
Appendix
Tables

Infratech ASTM CO., LTD.

List of Appendix
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D
Appendix E

Sample of Soil Boring Log data sheet


Sample of Summary of general laboratory test data sheet
Sample of Pile calculation data sheet
Sample of Shallow Foundation Bearing Capacity Analysis
Sample of Prediction of long term settlement calculation

List of Table
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4
Table 5
Table 6
Table 7
Table 8
Table 9
Table 10
Table 11
Table 12

Sample of Unconfined Compression Test data sheet


Sample of Atterberg Limit Test data sheet
Sample of Sieve Analysis Test data sheet
Sample of Unit Weight data sheet
Sample of Water content Test data sheet
Sample of Consolidation Test data sheet
Sample of Field Permeability test data sheet
Sample of soil resistivity test data sheet
Sample of down hole seismic test data sheet
Sample of Dutch cone penetration test data sheet
Sample of compaction and CBR test data sheet
Sample water analysis test data sheet

Infratech ASTM CO., LTD.

1.0

INTRODUCTION AND BACK GROUND OF THE PROJECT

This method statement will summarizes the procedure on the subsoil investigation works and
boundary survey to be conducted by Infratech ASTM Company Limited for the
construction
..

2.0

SCOPE OF WORK
The scope of work for the geotechnical consultancy services of the project are summarized as

follows:

Soil boring, field testing and carrying out sufficient in-situ testing and sampling.

Laboratory testing of obtained samples to determine the properties of the subsoil.

Determination of geotechnical parameters required for foundation analyses.

Carrying out engineering analyses for foundation design.

3.0

FIELD INVESTIGATION

3.1

General

The investigation program included drilling boreholes and collecting soil samples at desired
intervals for subsequent observation and laboratory testing.
The investigation program will consist of soil boring and sampling at desired intervals for
subsequent observation and laboratory testing to determine the capacity of pile foundation economically
and safely.

3.2

Boring and Sampling


The boreholes will be made by the rotary drilling machine.

Undisturbed sample will be taken in the soft and medium clay at 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 3.0 m depths
and at 1.5 m intervals thereafter using a thin-walled sampler with dimensions conforming to standard
sampling tubes specification (ASTM D 1587).
Disturbed samples for very stiff clay to hard clay layer will be collected during Standard
Penetration Testing at 1.5 m intervals. (ASTM D 1586)
The borings shall be drilled vertically through soil approximately 30 meters deep or stop in firm
layer when SPT N-value is greater than 50 blows/ft.
Accuracy of bore hole position will be not more than 2.0 m. in horizontal direction and 0.20 in
vertical direction.

3.3

Standard Penetration Testing

Standard Penetration Tests (SPT) will be carried out to provide an indication of the density
and/or consistency of the ground and to obtain disturbed samples for visual inspection and laboratory
testing and classification. The results of the tests will be given on the boring logs in Appendix A and will
3

Infratech ASTM CO., LTD.


be expressed as an N value. The N value is defined as the blow-count for 12 (300mm) penetration
recorded after the seating drive of 15 cm. In the case of premature refusal conditions, the number of
blows for a recorded penetration (including the seating drive) is noted.
In SPT testing, the rope-and-pulley (R-P) method will be used. This consisted of a hollow
cylindrical mass sliding over a steel rod. It is operated by lifting the mass with a rope over a cat head. At
the instant the mass reached the required height (760 mm), the mass will be released manually driving
the split spoon into the soil. Disturbed samples collected from the split-spoon sampler during Standard
Penetration Test will be visually inspected before storing in a polyethylene bag for laboratory testing. A
graphical representation of the changes in the soil strata, water levels and SPT N values will be given in
the boring logs.

3.4

Groundwater Measurement

Groundwater is one element that affects in the stability and foundation analyses. The
groundwater level was measured 24 hours after completion of the borehole.
However, the low permeability of the soil will mean that the water level in the borehole is
controlled more by drilling fluid rather than by the ground water itself. Significant fluctuations in the
location of ground water table should be anticipated throughout the year, depending upon the amount of
precipitation, evaporation and surface runoff.

3.5

Field Permeability Test

Permeability test of soil in the field will be performed at the depth of 2,4,6,8 and 10 m. by
constant head method.

3.6

Soil Resistity Test (Provisional)

The purpose of this test is to investigate for the need of cathode protection and to have data
necessary for the design of an adequate grounding system.
The soil Resistivity measurement shall be carried out in accordance with IEEE 81 standard
Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance and Earth Surface Potentials of a Ground
System . The measurement shall be done using Wenner Four Points Method with equal test rods
spacing.
The area to be measured shall be the power block area of power plant, terminal substation and
switchyard. Before carrying out the measurement, the rectangular grid shall be drawn for the testing
areas with mesh spacing at approximately 5-10 m. The measurement shall be made at every intersection
point of grid lines. The measurement at any point shall be done for two directions, one from the
measured point along the direction from east to west and another shall be from the measured point
along the direction from north to south. The measurement at any point shall consist of the measured data
at the varying space between test rods for the following distance; 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0 m. For each
area of measurement, the results of measurement shall be shown in the table for each point of
measurement for each direction and every designated space of measurement. The measured resistivity
data shall be averaged for each of the same spacing of measured data. The overall averaged resistivity
of each area shall also be reported.

3.7

Test Pit (Provisional)

Test pit shall be preformed 3 points of 1x1m size 3 m deep, by mean of hand excavation. Bulk
sample taken from the test pits of not less than 50 kg each shall be sent to test at laboratory for
compaction and CBR test.

Infratech ASTM CO., LTD.

3.8

Seismic down hole test (Provisional)

The down hole Test is a method which determines soil stiffness properties by analyzing direct
compression and shear waves along a borehole.
Seismic down hole test shall be performed at 1.0 meter intervals to the depth of 30.0 m. or to the
same depth of soil bore hole (where SPT N-value is greater than 50 blows/ft)

The test shall be intended to collect shear wave velocity information that will be used in dynamic
analysis. The testing location shall be located in the power block area and close to expected location of
Steam Turbine foundation.

3.9

Dutch Cone Penetration Test (Provisional)

Dutch cone penetration test shall be preformed depth 30m. or to the depth when the total
resistant of the cone penetrometer reach 4.0 tons.
The test shall be carried out in accordance with the ASTM D 3441.
The cone penetration test shall be consists of pushing into the soil, at a sufficiently slow rate, a
series of cylindrical rods with a conical tip at the base for measuring the cone resistance and friction
resistance every 20 cm intervals.

4.0

LABORATORY TESTING

Geotechnical laboratory tests will be performed on the soil samples to classify soil and to
determine their engineering characteristics. All laboratory tests will be conducted in accordance with
ASTM Standards. The soils will be also classified based on the Unified Soil Classification System
(USCS).

4.1

Unconfined Compression Tests

Unconfined compression test will be conducted in accordance with ASTM D2166. The tests will
be performed by compressing cylindrical samples to failure. Failure generally occurs when the greatest
ratio of shear stress to shear strength occurs. The cohesion (c) of the sample is taken as half the
unconfined compressive strength.
Sample of test results and data sheet has been shown in Table 1

4.2

Atterberg Limits

Atterberg limits will be determined (ASTM D 4318) on representative soil samples of cohesive
soils. The Atterberg limits refer to arbitrarily defined boundaries between the liquid and plastic states,
and between the plastic and brittle states of grained soils, expressed as water content, in percentage.
The liquid limit is the water content at which a part of soil placed in a standard cup, cut by a standard
grooving tool, will flow together at the base of the groove when the cup is subjected to 25 standard
shocks. The one-point liquid limit test is usually carried out and distilled water may be added during soil
mixing to achieve a desired consistency.
Sample of test results and data sheet has been shown in Table 2

Infratech ASTM CO., LTD.

4.3

Particle Size Analysis

Particle size analysis will be performed by means of sieving (ASTM D 422). For oven-dry
materials, sieving is carried out for particles that are being retained on a 0.063 mm sieve. In sieve
analysis, the mass of soil retained on each sieve is determined and expressed as a percentage of the
total mass of the sample. The particle size is plotted on a logarithmic scale so that two soils having the
same degree of uniformity are represented by curves of the distribution plot. In Hydrometer analysis is
based on the principle of sedimentation of soil grains in water. When a soil specimen is dispersed in
water, the particles settle at different velocities, depending on their shape, size, and weight. For
simplicity, it is assumed that soil particles are spheres and the velocity of soil particles can be express by
Stokes law.
Sample of test results and data sheet has been shown in Table 3

4.4

Unit Weight and Water Content Determination

As a routine laboratory test, unit weights of soils will be determined based on the mass of soil in
a standard volume steel cylinder with cutting edge. The unit weight refers to the unit weight of the soil at
the sampled water content. The dry unit weight is determined from the mass and the water content of the
specimen.
Water content (ASTM D 2216)is determined by oven-drying a moist/wet soil at a constant
temperature of 105 C for 18 - 24 hours. The difference in mass before and after drying is used as the
mass of water in the specimen, while the mass of remaining material is used as the mass of solid
particles. The ratio between the mass of water and the mass of solid particles is the water content of the
soil material
Sample of test results and data sheet has been shown in Table 4 and Table 5

4.5

Oedometer Test /Consolidation test (Provisional)

In case of soft clay layer has been encountered, 1 undisturbed sample will be collected from mid
layer of soft clay for Oedometer test.
Oedometer tests will be conducted (ASTM D 2435) to determine the rate and magnitude of
consolidation of a laterally restrained soil specimen which is axially loaded in increments of constant
stress until the excess pore water pressures have dissipated for each increment. Each load increment is
maintained for at least 24 hours. The test is generally carried out on undisturbed cohesive specimens.
Sample of test results and data sheet has been shown in Table 6

4.6

Compaction Test and CBR Test (Provisional)

Bulk sample taken from the test pits of not less than 20 kg each shall be sent to test at laboratory
for compaction and CBR test conformed to ASTM D1883.

4.7

Ground Water Analysis

The bored hole shall be drilled at depth approximate 3 m. without bentonite and leave it 7 days
for collecting underground water to do water analysis test.
The test parameters are listed below:

Infratech ASTM CO., LTD.

5.0

REPORT

Confirmed Preliminary Report findings along with the remainder of test results to be
Submitted in a Final Report.
The Final Report shall include but not limited to:

Results of all of the above mentioned tests.

Result of graph to show Cumulative Ultimate Skin Friction & Ultimate End
Bearing Capacity & Depth for driven pile for each borehole.

Recommendations for :
1. Bearing capacity for shallow foundation.
2. Pile capacity resistance to compression and tension.
3. Settlement for shallow foundation.

Underground water level and borehole elevation.

Licensed engineer sign up responsible for the report

APPENDIX A

SOIL BORING LOG


Sample Sheet

ASTM TESTING CO., LTD.

ASTM

BORING LOG
BH-0

Borehole No. BH-08

SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT


BANGKLA CHACHOENGSAO

24

Page 1 of 1

Atterberg Limits
40
80

Recovery

Method

Sample No.

Graphic Log

Depth (m)

PROJECT:
LOCATION:

SOIL DESCRIPTION

t
1.0

SPT-N (Blow/30cm.)
20 40 60 80 100
Su (t/m2)
4 6 8

(t/m3)
2.0

1.49

1.01

1.6

1.3

10

Borehole Elevation = 1.99 m.


0.80 m. Top soil
2.00 m.

ST 1
ST 2
5

ST 3

Brown,
moist to saturated, medium plasticity,
very soft to soft, Sandy Clay.
(CL)

1.69

SS 1

1.7

6.50 m.

ST 4

1.81

Brown, moist, high plasticity,


stiff, Sandy Clay.
(CH)
9.45 m.

SS 2

2.14

0.54

10

10

SS 3

1.96

Brown, moist, medium plasticity,


very stiff to hard, Sandy Clay.
(CL)

1.85

12.45 m.

SS 4

1.89

SS 5
15

SS 6
SS 7

1.96

Brown, moist, high plasticity,


stiff to very stiff,
Sandy Clay.
(CH)
trace gravel.

31

14

16

15

SS 8
20

22

17
19.95 m.

SS 9

22

SS 10
SS 11

58
Brown, moist, medium plasticity,
hard, Sandy Clay.
(CL)

76
1.93

24.45 m.

SS 12
End of Boring = 24.45 m.

Start date:
Finished date:
Borehole Depth:
Observed GWL.
Drilling Foreman:

8-..-09
8-..-09
24.45 m.
-1.50 m.
Thawatchai

ABBREVIATIONS:
ST = Undisturbed Sample
SS = Split Spoon Sample

PL

W n LL

Su (UC)
Su (FV)

Total Unit Weight

Su (PP)
SPT, N
(Blow/30 cm.)

LL = Liquid Limit
PL = Plastic Limit

gt = Total Unit Weight


SPT = Standard Penetration Test

APPENDIX B

SUMMARY OF GENERAL LABORATORY TEST


Sample sheet

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

SUMMARY OF TEST RESULTS

PROJECT:

BORE HOLE NO.

BH - 8

LOCATION:

Water Level :

-1.50 M.

Depth. (m.)
Sample No

From

To

USCS

Wn,at

UC Test

wet,

Soil

Received

SU

gm./cc.

Atterberg Limits

Nspt

Gradation % Passing

LL

PL

PI

(%)

(%)

(%)

#4

# 10

# 40

# 200

(Blow /

Soil Description

group

(%)

(T / m )

Foot)

0.00

1.50

Top Soil

ST - 1

1.50

2.00

88.34

1.01

1.49

ST - 2

3.00

3.50

61.41

1.30

1.60

ST - 3

4.50

5.00

55.20

2.14

1.69

ST - 4

6.00

6.50

54.24

0.54

1.70

SS - 1

7.50

7.95

SS - 2

9.00

9.45

SS - 3

10.50

10.95

SS - 4

12.00

12.45

1.85

31

SS - 5

13.50

13.95

1.89

14

SS - 6

15.00

15.45

1.96

16

SS - 7

16.50

16.95

SS - 8

18.00

18.45

17

SS - 9

19.50

19.95

22

SS - 10

21.00

21.45

58

SS - 11

22.50

22.95

SS - 12

24.00

24.45

CL

CH

31.07

1.81

40.05

24.33

15.72

97.74

93.07

86.41

75.43

100.00

99.77

98.51

94.33
Sandy Clay (CL,CH).

56.08

23.51

32.56

99.04

98.92

98.11

91.63

9
10

CL

CH

CL

22.04

1.96

32.88

48.11

60.30

17.82

41.11

21.29

28.53

18.58

26.82

31.77

22.54

100.00

93.45

99.70

1.93

99.85

91.79

99.30

99.29

89.23

96.57

95.86

85.09

82.52

22

15

76
89

END OF BORING AT 24.45 M.

Sandy Clay (CH)


trace gravel.

Sandy Clay (CL).

Appendix C
Pile Calculation
Sample sheet

Appendix B 1 - BH-1

(Estimation of Soil Bearing Capacity)


Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.
Saraburi
BH-1

LOCATION :

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

BOREHOLE NO.:

BH-1

PROJECT :

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90 100

Depth (m)

Ultimate End Bearing(t/sq.m.)

SOIL BEARING CAPACITY VS DEPTH FOR SHALLOW FOUNDATION

SHALLOW FOUNDATION SOIL BEARING CAPACITY


Project:

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.

Location:

Saraburi

Borehole No.:

Depth

Soil Description

Df
0.0

Factor of safety :

3.00

Allowable settlement, Se

25.0

mm.

Depth of water =

1.53

Unit weight

USCS S=Sand

BH-1

vo,base

SPT (N-value)
Field

'vo,base

below ground level


Cohesion, Su

Correct Design

FDN Dimension

NET SOIL BEARING CAPACITY

CLAY
qu (kPa) qall (kPa) qall (t/m2)

C=Clay

t/m2

kN/m2

NF

Ncor.

Ndesign

t/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

m.

m.

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

SUMMARY

SAND

Fd
-

qall (kPa) qall (t/m2)


-

Depth

qall

(m)

(t/m2)

1.0

CL

2.0

19.6

20

13

2.00

2.00

19.62

7.89

77.39

1.0

1.0

572.8

190.9

19.5

1.0

19.5

2.0

CL

2.0

19.6

12

20

15

4.00

3.53

34.63

9.15

89.80

1.0

1.0

775.4

258.5

26.3

2.0

26.3

3.0

CL

2.0

19.6

15

22

17

6.00

4.53

44.44

10.83

106.28

1.0

1.0

1048.8

349.6

35.6

3.0

35.6

4.0

CL

2.1

20.2

20

26

22

8.06

5.59

54.84

13.83

135.72

1.0

1.0

1506.8

502.3

51.2

4.0

51.2

Remark:

1) qall = Net allowable soil bearing capacity


2) Corected Standard Penetration, N correct = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), After Liao and Whitman (1986)
3) The net ultimate bearing capacity for clayey soil ( = 0 condition), qnet(u) = 5.14cu(1+0.2Df/B)(1+0.2B/L) , After Skempton (1951)
4) The net ultimate bearing capacity for sand, After Bowles (1977)
qnet(u) = 19.16Ncor Fd (Se /25.4)
(for B < 1.22 m.)
qnet(u) = 11.98Ncor [(3.28B+1)/3.28B]2 Fd (Se /25.4)
(for B > 1.22 m.)

Appendix B 2 - BH-1

(Recommendation for Pile Capacity and length)


Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.
Saraburi
BH-1

RECOMMENDED PILE LENGTH AND CAPACITY FOR FOR SINGLE PILE


Project: Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.
Location: Saraburi
Borehole No.:

BH-1

Soil Capacity F.S. =2.5(Tons)

Pile Structural

Pile Type

Pile Size

Length(m.)

Compression

Tension

Lateral

Capacity(Tons)

Driven Pile

0.25x0.25

12.0

39

32

0.2

40

Can not be installed when SPT>=Limit

Driven Pile

0.30x0.30

12.0

48

38

0.3

55

Can not be installed when SPT>=Limit

Driven Pile

0.35x0.35

12.0

58

45

0.5

70

Can not be installed when SPT>=Limit

Driven Pile

0.40x0.40

12.0

68

51

0.6

80

Can not be installed when SPT>=Limit

Bored Pile

Dia.0.35

10.0

44

35

0.3

48

Bored Pile

Dia.0.40

11.5

61

49

0.4

63

Bored Pile

Dia.0.50

13.0

94

74

0.5

98

Bored Pile

Dia.0.60

14.5

140

105

0.7

141

Driven Pile may not be installed pass through depth where SPT limit >=

50

REMARK

RECOMMENDED ALLOWABLE LOAD FOR SINGLE SQUARE DRIVEN PILE

Location:

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

Borehole No.:

BH-1

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water :

1.53

Project:

Depth

25 x 25 cm. Square Driven Pile

m. below ground level

30 x 30 cm. Square Driven Pile

35 x 35 cm. Square Driven Pile

40 x 40 cm. Square Driven Pile

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

4.0

19.4

8.3

0.5

10.9

23.3

11.9

0.6

13.8

27.2

16.2

0.9

17.0

31.1

21.2

1.2

20.4

5.0

25.5

10.0

0.6

14.0

30.6

14.5

0.9

17.7

35.8

19.7

1.2

21.7

40.9

25.7

1.5

26.0

7.5

42.0

11.6

1.0

21.1

50.4

16.7

1.4

26.3

58.9

22.7

1.9

31.9

67.3

29.6

2.5

37.8

9.0

54.5

16.3

1.2

27.9

65.5

23.5

1.7

34.9

76.4

32.0

2.4

42.4

87.3

41.8

3.1

50.4

10.5

66.7

15.9

1.4

32.4

80.0

22.9

2.1

40.3

93.4

31.1

2.8

48.7

106.7

40.6

3.6

57.5

12.0

79.9

18.1

1.7

38.6

95.9

26.1

2.4

47.9

111.9

35.6

3.2

57.7

127.9

46.4

4.2

68.0

13.5

94.9

21.4

1.9

45.8

113.9

30.8

2.7

56.8

132.9

41.9

3.7

68.4

151.9

54.7

4.8

80.7

15.0

112.2

24.5

2.1

53.8

134.6

35.3

3.0

66.7

157.0

48.1

4.1

80.4

179.4

62.8

5.4

94.7

(meters)

REMARK : 1. Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation

2. Pile cut-off elevation -1.00 m. below ground level

RECOMMENDED ALLOWABLE LOAD FOR SINGLE BORED PILE

Location:

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

Borehole No.:

BH-1

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water :

1.53

Project:

35 cm. Dia. Bored Pile

Depth

m. below ground level

40 cm. Dia. Bored Pile

50 cm. Dia. Bored Pile

60 cm. Dia. Bored Pile

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

4.0

31.2

12.8

0.7

17.3

35.7

16.7

0.9

20.6

44.6

26.0

1.4

27.7

53.6

37.5

2.0

35.6

5.0

41.1

15.5

0.9

22.3

47.0

20.2

1.2

26.4

58.7

31.5

1.9

35.4

70.5

45.4

2.7

45.3

7.5

67.7

17.8

1.5

33.6

77.3

23.3

2.0

39.5

96.7

36.4

3.1

52.0

116.0

52.4

4.4

65.6

9.0

87.8

25.1

1.8

44.4

100.4

32.8

2.4

52.3

125.5

51.3

3.8

69.2

150.5

73.9

5.4

87.6

10.5

107.4

24.4

2.2

51.8

122.7

31.9

2.9

60.7

153.4

49.9

4.5

79.5

184.0

71.8

6.4

99.8

12.0

128.7

27.9

2.5

61.6

147.1

36.5

3.3

72.1

183.8

57.0

5.2

94.3

220.6

82.1

7.5

118.1

13.5

152.8

32.9

2.9

73.1

174.6

43.0

3.8

85.5

218.3

67.1

5.9

111.8

261.9

96.7

8.5

140.1

15.0

180.6

37.8

3.2

86.0

206.4

49.3

4.2

100.6

257.9

77.1

6.6

131.4

309.5

111.0

9.5

164.4

(meters)

REMARK : 1. Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation

2. Pile cut-off elevation -1.00 m. below ground level

Appendix B 3 - BH-1

Graph
(Cumulative Ultimate Skin Friction & Ultimate End
Bearing Capacity & Depth)

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


BH-1

LOCATION :

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

BOREHOLE NO.:

BH-1

PROJECT :

50

100

150

200

Depth (m)

Depth (m)

200

400

600

800

1,000

10

10

12

12

14

14

16

16

Ultinate Skin Friction(t/m.Perimeter)

Ultimate End Bearing(t/sq.m.)

CUMMULATIVE ULTIMATE SKIN FRICTION AND ULTIMATE END BEARING CAPACITY VS DEPTH OF DRIVEN PILE

LOCATION :

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

BOREHOLE NO.:

BH-1

PROJECT :

50

100

150

200

Depth (m)

Depth (m)

200

400

600

800

1,000

10

10

12

12

14

14

16

16

Ultinate Skin Friction(t/m.Perimeter)

Ultimate End Bearing(t/sq.m.)

CUMMULATIVE ULTIMATE SKIN FRICTION AND ULTIMATE END BEARING CAPACITY VS DEPTH OF BORED PILE

Appendix B

( Driven Pile Calculation)


Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.
Saraburi
BH-1

SINGLE SQUARE DRIVEN PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

Project:
Location:

Depth
To

Soil Description

Unit

Unit

USCS S=Sand Weight Weight


C=Clay

t/m2

Borehole No.:

BH-1

Pile size :

0.25

Area:

0.063

m2

Perimeter :

1.000

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

1.53

vo

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

'tip

'tip

0.25

m.

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

Corr.

kN/m2

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor
t/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

tons

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

CL

2.0

19.62

20

13

2.00

2.00

19.62

1.00

9.81

7.89

0.55

73.0

4.4

4.6

4.4

4.4

4.4

0.0

8.9

3.6

2.0

CL

2.0

19.62

12

20

15

4.00

3.53

34.63

2.77

27.12

9.15

0.50

86.4

4.5

5.4

4.5

8.9

8.9

0.2

9.8

5.7

3.0

CL

2.0

19.62

15

22

17

6.00

4.53

44.44

4.03

39.53

10.83

0.46

103.5

4.9

6.5

4.9

13.9

13.9

0.3

11.1

8.0

4.0

CL

2.1

20.21

20

26

22

8.06

5.59

54.84

5.06

49.64

13.83

0.40

132.6

5.6

8.3

5.6

19.4

19.4

0.5

13.4

10.9

5.0

CL

2.1

20.21

25

30

27

10.12

6.65

65.24

6.12

60.04

16.72

0.37

160.6

6.1

10.0

6.1

25.5

25.5

0.6

15.6

14.0

7.5

CL

2.1

20.40

30

31

30

15.32

9.35

91.72

8.00

78.48

18.88

0.35

185.2

6.6

11.6

16.5

42.0

42.0

1.0

27.1

21.1

9.0

SC

2.1

20.60

44

41

43

18.47

11.00

107.91

10.18

99.82

26.96

0.31

261.1

8.3

16.3

12.5

54.5

54.5

1.2

27.6

27.9

10.5

SC

2.0

19.62

43

38

41

21.47

12.50

122.63

11.75

115.27

25.83

0.31

253.9

8.1

15.9

12.1

66.7

66.7

1.4

26.6

32.4

12.0

SC

2.0

19.42

50

42

47

24.44

13.97

137.05

13.24

129.84

29.53

0.30

290.2

8.8

18.1

13.2

79.9

79.9

1.7

29.7

38.6

13.5

CL

2.0

19.42

60

48

56

27.41

15.44

151.47

14.71

144.26

34.93

0.29

341.8

10.0

21.4

15.0

94.9

94.9

1.9

34.5

45.8

15.0

SG

2.1

20.11

70

53

64

30.49

17.02

166.92

16.23

159.19

40.20

0.29

392.3

11.5

24.5

17.2

112.2

112.2

2.1

39.7

53.8

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0
15.0
15.0

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 1000 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

SINGLE SQUARE DRIVEN PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

Project:
Location:

Depth
To

Soil Description

Unit

Unit

USCS S=Sand Weight Weight


C=Clay

t/m2

Borehole No.:

BH-1

Pile size :

0.30

Area:

0.090

m2

Perimeter :

1.200

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

1.53

vo

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

'tip

'tip

0.30

m.

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

Corr.

kN/m2

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor
t/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

tons

0.0

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

CL

2.0

19.62

20

13

2.00

2.00

19.62

1.00

9.81

7.89

0.55

73.0

4.4

6.6

5.2

5.2

4.4

0.0

11.8

4.7

2.0

CL

2.0

19.62

12

20

15

4.00

3.53

34.63

2.77

27.12

9.15

0.50

86.4

4.5

7.8

5.5

10.7

8.9

0.2

13.0

7.3

3.0

CL

2.0

19.62

15

22

17

6.00

4.53

44.44

4.03

39.53

10.83

0.46

103.5

4.9

9.3

5.9

16.6

13.9

0.4

14.8

10.2

4.0

CL

2.1

20.21

20

26

22

8.06

5.59

54.84

5.06

49.64

13.83

0.40

132.6

5.6

11.9

6.7

23.3

19.4

0.6

17.9

13.8

5.0

CL

2.1

20.21

25

30

27

10.12

6.65

65.24

6.12

60.04

16.72

0.37

160.6

6.1

14.5

7.4

30.6

25.5

0.9

20.9

17.7

7.5

CL

2.1

20.40

30

31

30

15.32

9.35

91.72

8.00

78.48

18.88

0.35

185.2

6.6

16.7

19.8

50.4

42.0

1.4

35.1

26.3

9.0

SC

2.1

20.60

44

41

43

18.47

11.00

107.91

10.18

99.82

26.96

0.31

261.1

8.3

23.5

15.0

65.5

54.5

1.7

36.8

34.9

10.5

SC

2.0

19.62

43

38

41

21.47

12.50

122.63

11.75

115.27

25.83

0.31

253.9

8.1

22.9

14.6

80.0

66.7

2.1

35.4

40.3

12.0

SC

2.0

19.42

50

42

47

24.44

13.97

137.05

13.24

129.84

29.53

0.30

290.2

8.8

26.1

15.9

95.9

79.9

2.4

39.6

47.9

13.5

CL

2.0

19.42

60

48

56

27.41

15.44

151.47

14.71

144.26

34.93

0.29

341.8

10.0

30.8

18.0

113.9

94.9

2.7

46.0

56.8

15.0

SG

2.1

20.11

70

53

64

30.49

17.02

166.92

16.23

159.19

40.20

0.29

392.3

11.5

35.3

20.7

134.6

112.2

3.0

53.0

66.7

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0
15.0
15.0

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 1000 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

SINGLE SQUARE DRIVEN PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

Project:
Location:

Depth
To

Soil Description

Unit

Unit

USCS S=Sand Weight Weight


C=Clay

t/m2

Borehole No.:

BH-1

Pile size :

0.35

Area:

0.123

m2

Perimeter :

1.400

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

1.53

vo

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

'tip

'tip

0.35

m.

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

Corr.

kN/m2

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor
t/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

tons

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

CL

2.0

19.62

20

13

2.00

2.00

19.62

1.00

9.81

7.89

0.55

73.0

4.4

8.9

6.1

6.1

4.4

0.0

15.1

6.0

2.0

CL

2.0

19.62

12

20

15

4.00

3.53

34.63

2.77

27.12

9.15

0.50

86.4

4.5

10.6

6.4

12.5

8.9

0.3

16.7

9.1

3.0

CL

2.0

19.62

15

22

17

6.00

4.53

44.44

4.03

39.53

10.83

0.46

103.5

4.9

12.7

6.9

19.4

13.9

0.6

19.0

12.6

4.0

CL

2.1

20.21

20

26

22

8.06

5.59

54.84

5.06

49.64

13.83

0.40

132.6

5.6

16.2

7.8

27.2

19.4

0.9

23.1

17.0

5.0

CL

2.1

20.21

25

30

27

10.12

6.65

65.24

6.12

60.04

16.72

0.37

160.6

6.1

19.7

8.6

35.8

25.5

1.2

27.1

21.7

7.5

CL

2.1

20.40

30

31

30

15.32

9.35

91.72

8.00

78.48

18.88

0.35

185.2

6.6

22.7

23.1

58.9

42.0

1.9

43.9

31.9

9.0

SC

2.1

20.60

44

41

43

18.47

11.00

107.91

10.18

99.82

26.96

0.31

261.1

8.3

32.0

17.5

76.4

54.5

2.4

47.1

42.4

10.5

SC

2.0

19.62

43

38

41

21.47

12.50

122.63

11.75

115.27

25.83

0.31

253.9

8.1

31.1

17.0

93.4

66.7

2.8

45.3

48.7

12.0

SC

2.0

19.42

50

42

47

24.44

13.97

137.05

13.24

129.84

29.53

0.30

290.2

8.8

35.6

18.5

111.9

79.9

3.2

50.9

57.7

13.5

CL

2.0

19.42

60

48

56

27.41

15.44

151.47

14.71

144.26

34.93

0.29

341.8

10.0

41.9

21.0

132.9

94.9

3.7

59.2

68.4

15.0

SG

2.1

20.11

70

53

64

30.49

17.02

166.92

16.23

159.19

40.20

0.29

392.3

11.5

48.1

24.1

157.0

112.2

4.1

68.1

80.4

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0
15.0
15.0

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 1000 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

SINGLE SQUARE DRIVEN PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

Project:
Location:

Depth
To

Soil Description

Unit

Unit

USCS S=Sand Weight Weight


C=Clay

t/m2

Borehole No.:

BH-1

Pile size :

0.40

Area:

0.160

m2

Perimeter :

1.600

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

1.53

vo

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

'tip

'tip

0.40

m.

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

Corr.

kN/m2

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor
t/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

tons

0.0

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

CL

2.0

19.62

20

13

2.00

2.00

19.62

1.00

9.81

7.89

0.55

73.0

4.4

11.7

7.0

7.0

4.4

0.0

18.7

7.5

2.0

CL

2.0

19.62

12

20

15

4.00

3.53

34.63

2.77

27.12

9.15

0.50

86.4

4.5

13.8

7.3

14.3

8.9

0.4

20.7

11.1

3.0

CL

2.0

19.62

15

22

17

6.00

4.53

44.44

4.03

39.53

10.83

0.46

103.5

4.9

16.6

7.9

22.2

13.9

0.8

23.7

15.2

4.0

CL

2.1

20.21

20

26

22

8.06

5.59

54.84

5.06

49.64

13.83

0.40

132.6

5.6

21.2

8.9

31.1

19.4

1.2

28.9

20.4

5.0

CL

2.1

20.21

25

30

27

10.12

6.65

65.24

6.12

60.04

16.72

0.37

160.6

6.1

25.7

9.8

40.9

25.5

1.5

34.0

26.0

7.5

CL

2.1

20.40

30

31

30

15.32

9.35

91.72

8.00

78.48

18.88

0.35

185.2

6.6

29.6

26.4

67.3

42.0

2.5

53.5

37.8

9.0

SC

2.1

20.60

44

41

43

18.47

11.00

107.91

10.18

99.82

26.96

0.31

261.1

8.3

41.8

20.0

87.3

54.5

3.1

58.7

50.4

10.5

SC

2.0

19.62

43

38

41

21.47

12.50

122.63

11.75

115.27

25.83

0.31

253.9

8.1

40.6

19.4

106.7

66.7

3.6

56.4

57.5

12.0

SC

2.0

19.42

50

42

47

24.44

13.97

137.05

13.24

129.84

29.53

0.30

290.2

8.8

46.4

21.2

127.9

79.9

4.2

63.4

68.0

13.5

CL

2.0

19.42

60

48

56

27.41

15.44

151.47

14.71

144.26

34.93

0.29

341.8

10.0

54.7

24.0

151.9

94.9

4.8

73.9

80.7

15.0

SG

2.1

20.11

70

53

64

30.49

17.02

166.92

16.23

159.19

40.20

0.29

392.3

11.5

62.8

27.6

179.4

112.2

5.4

85.0

94.7

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0

392.3

112.2

15.0
15.0
15.0

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 1000 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

Appendix B

( Bored Pile Calculation)


Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.
Saraburi
BH-1

SINGLE BORED PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

Project:
Location:

Depth
To

Soil Description

Unit

Unit

USCS S=Sand Weight Weight


C=Clay

t/m2

Borehole No.:

BH-1

Pile Dia.(m.) :

0.35

Area:

0.096

m2

Perimeter :

1.400

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

1.53

vo

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

'tip

'tip

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

Corr.

kN/m2

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor
t/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

tons

0.0

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

CL

2.0

19.62

20

13

2.00

2.00

19.62

1.00

9.81

7.89

0.55

73.0

5.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

5.0

0.0

14.1

5.6

2.0

CL

2.0

19.62

12

20

15

4.00

3.53

34.63

2.77

27.12

9.15

0.50

86.4

5.2

8.3

7.3

14.4

10.3

0.2

15.4

9.0

3.0

CL

2.0

19.62

15

22

17

6.00

4.53

44.44

4.03

39.53

10.83

0.46

103.5

5.7

10.0

8.0

22.3

15.9

0.5

17.5

12.7

4.0

CL

2.1

20.21

20

26

22

8.06

5.59

54.84

5.06

49.64

13.83

0.40

132.6

6.4

12.8

8.9

31.2

22.3

0.7

21.0

17.3

5.0

CL

2.1

20.21

25

30

27

10.12

6.65

65.24

6.12

60.04

16.72

0.37

160.6

7.0

15.5

9.9

41.1

29.4

0.9

24.4

22.3

7.5

CL

2.1

20.40

30

31

30

15.32

9.35

91.72

8.00

78.48

18.88

0.35

185.2

7.6

17.8

26.6

67.7

48.3

1.5

42.9

33.6

9.0

SC

2.1

20.60

44

41

43

18.47

11.00

107.91

10.18

99.82

26.96

0.31

261.1

9.6

25.1

20.1

87.8

62.7

1.8

43.4

44.4

10.5

SC

2.0

19.62

43

38

41

21.47

12.50

122.63

11.75

115.27

25.83

0.31

253.9

9.3

24.4

19.5

107.4

76.7

2.2

41.8

51.8

12.0

SC

2.0

19.42

50

42

47

24.44

13.97

137.05

13.24

129.84

29.53

0.30

290.2

10.2

27.9

21.3

128.7

91.9

2.5

46.7

61.6

13.5

CL

2.0

19.42

60

48

56

27.41

15.44

151.47

14.71

144.26

34.93

0.29

341.8

11.5

32.9

24.1

152.8

109.1

2.9

54.1

73.1

15.0

SG

2.1

20.11

70

53

64

30.49

17.02

166.92

16.23

159.19

40.20

0.29

392.3

13.2

37.8

27.8

180.6

129.0

3.2

62.3

86.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0
15.0
15.0

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 400 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

SINGLE BORED PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

Project:
Location:

Depth
To

Soil Description

Unit

Unit

USCS S=Sand Weight Weight


C=Clay

t/m2

Borehole No.:

BH-1

Pile Dia.(m.) :

0.40

Area:

0.126

m2

Perimeter :

1.600

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

1.53

vo

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

'tip

'tip

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

Corr.

kN/m2

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor
t/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

tons

0.0

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

CL

2.0

19.62

20

13

2.00

2.00

19.62

1.00

9.81

7.89

0.55

73.0

5.0

9.2

8.0

8.0

5.0

0.0

17.2

6.9

2.0

CL

2.0

19.62

12

20

15

4.00

3.53

34.63

2.77

27.12

9.15

0.50

86.4

5.2

10.9

8.4

16.4

10.3

0.3

18.9

10.8

3.0

CL

2.0

19.62

15

22

17

6.00

4.53

44.44

4.03

39.53

10.83

0.46

103.5

5.7

13.0

9.1

25.5

15.9

0.6

21.5

15.2

4.0

CL

2.1

20.21

20

26

22

8.06

5.59

54.84

5.06

49.64

13.83

0.40

132.6

6.4

16.7

10.2

35.7

22.3

0.9

26.0

20.6

5.0

CL

2.1

20.21

25

30

27

10.12

6.65

65.24

6.12

60.04

16.72

0.37

160.6

7.0

20.2

11.3

47.0

29.4

1.2

30.3

26.4

7.5

CL

2.1

20.40

30

31

30

15.32

9.35

91.72

8.00

78.48

18.88

0.35

185.2

7.6

23.3

30.4

77.3

48.3

2.0

51.7

39.5

9.0

SC

2.1

20.60

44

41

43

18.47

11.00

107.91

10.18

99.82

26.96

0.31

261.1

9.6

32.8

23.0

100.4

62.7

2.4

53.4

52.3

10.5

SC

2.0

19.62

43

38

41

21.47

12.50

122.63

11.75

115.27

25.83

0.31

253.9

9.3

31.9

22.3

122.7

76.7

2.9

51.4

60.7

12.0

SC

2.0

19.42

50

42

47

24.44

13.97

137.05

13.24

129.84

29.53

0.30

290.2

10.2

36.5

24.4

147.1

91.9

3.3

57.5

72.1

13.5

CL

2.0

19.42

60

48

56

27.41

15.44

151.47

14.71

144.26

34.93

0.29

341.8

11.5

43.0

27.6

174.6

109.1

3.8

66.8

85.5

15.0

SG

2.1

20.11

70

53

64

30.49

17.02

166.92

16.23

159.19

40.20

0.29

392.3

13.2

49.3

31.7

206.4

129.0

4.2

76.8

100.6

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0
15.0
15.0

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 400 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

SINGLE BORED PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

Project:
Location:

Depth
To

Soil Description

Unit

Unit

USCS S=Sand Weight Weight


C=Clay

t/m2

Borehole No.:

BH-1

Pile Dia.(m.) :

0.50

Area:

0.196

m2

Perimeter :

2.000

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

1.53

vo

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

'tip

'tip

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

Corr.

kN/m2

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor
t/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

tons

0.0

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

CL

2.0

19.62

20

13

2.00

2.00

19.62

1.00

9.81

7.89

0.55

73.0

5.0

14.3

10.1

10.1

5.0

0.0

24.4

9.8

2.0

CL

2.0

19.62

12

20

15

4.00

3.53

34.63

2.77

27.12

9.15

0.50

86.4

5.2

17.0

10.5

20.5

10.3

0.5

27.0

14.8

3.0

CL

2.0

19.62

15

22

17

6.00

4.53

44.44

4.03

39.53

10.83

0.46

103.5

5.7

20.3

11.4

31.9

15.9

0.9

30.7

20.5

4.0

CL

2.1

20.21

20

26

22

8.06

5.59

54.84

5.06

49.64

13.83

0.40

132.6

6.4

26.0

12.8

44.6

22.3

1.4

37.4

27.7

5.0

CL

2.1

20.21

25

30

27

10.12

6.65

65.24

6.12

60.04

16.72

0.37

160.6

7.0

31.5

14.1

58.7

29.4

1.9

43.8

35.4

7.5

CL

2.1

20.40

30

31

30

15.32

9.35

91.72

8.00

78.48

18.88

0.35

185.2

7.6

36.4

37.9

96.7

48.3

3.1

71.3

52.0

9.0

SC

2.1

20.60

44

41

43

18.47

11.00

107.91

10.18

99.82

26.96

0.31

261.1

9.6

51.3

28.8

125.5

62.7

3.8

76.3

69.2

10.5

SC

2.0

19.62

43

38

41

21.47

12.50

122.63

11.75

115.27

25.83

0.31

253.9

9.3

49.9

27.9

153.4

76.7

4.5

73.3

79.5

12.0

SC

2.0

19.42

50

42

47

24.44

13.97

137.05

13.24

129.84

29.53

0.30

290.2

10.2

57.0

30.5

183.8

91.9

5.2

82.3

94.3

13.5

CL

2.0

19.42

60

48

56

27.41

15.44

151.47

14.71

144.26

34.93

0.29

341.8

11.5

67.1

34.5

218.3

109.1

5.9

95.7

111.8

15.0

SG

2.1

20.11

70

53

64

30.49

17.02

166.92

16.23

159.19

40.20

0.29

392.3

13.2

77.1

39.7

257.9

129.0

6.6

110.1

131.4

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0
15.0
15.0

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 400 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

SINGLE BORED PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Saraburi A Cogeneration Co.,ltd.


Saraburi

Project:
Location:

Depth
To

Soil Description

Unit

Unit

USCS S=Sand Weight Weight


C=Clay

t/m2

Borehole No.:

BH-1

Pile Dia.(m.) :

0.60

Area:

0.283

m2

Perimeter :

2.400

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

1.53

vo

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

'tip

'tip

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

Corr.

kN/m2

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor
t/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

tons

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

CL

2.0

19.62

20

13

2.00

2.00

19.62

1.00

9.81

7.89

0.55

73.0

5.0

20.6

12.1

12.1

5.0

0.0

32.7

13.1

2.0

CL

2.0

19.62

12

20

15

4.00

3.53

34.63

2.77

27.12

9.15

0.50

86.4

5.2

24.4

12.6

24.6

10.3

0.7

36.3

19.3

3.0

CL

2.0

19.62

15

22

17

6.00

4.53

44.44

4.03

39.53

10.83

0.46

103.5

5.7

29.3

13.6

38.2

15.9

1.4

41.5

26.5

4.0

CL

2.1

20.21

20

26

22

8.06

5.59

54.84

5.06

49.64

13.83

0.40

132.6

6.4

37.5

15.3

53.6

22.3

2.0

50.8

35.6

5.0

CL

2.1

20.21

25

30

27

10.12

6.65

65.24

6.12

60.04

16.72

0.37

160.6

7.0

45.4

16.9

70.5

29.4

2.7

59.6

45.3

7.5

CL

2.1

20.40

30

31

30

15.32

9.35

91.72

8.00

78.48

18.88

0.35

185.2

7.6

52.4

45.5

116.0

48.3

4.4

93.5

65.6

9.0

SC

2.1

20.60

44

41

43

18.47

11.00

107.91

10.18

99.82

26.96

0.31

261.1

9.6

73.9

34.5

150.5

62.7

5.4

103.0

87.6

10.5

SC

2.0

19.62

43

38

41

21.47

12.50

122.63

11.75

115.27

25.83

0.31

253.9

9.3

71.8

33.5

184.0

76.7

6.4

98.9

99.8
118.1

12.0

SC

2.0

19.42

50

42

47

24.44

13.97

137.05

13.24

129.84

29.53

0.30

290.2

10.2

82.1

36.6

220.6

91.9

7.5

111.2

13.5

CL

2.0

19.42

60

48

56

27.41

15.44

151.47

14.71

144.26

34.93

0.29

341.8

11.5

96.7

41.3

261.9

109.1

8.5

129.5

140.1

15.0

SG

2.1

20.11

70

53

64

30.49

17.02

166.92

16.23

159.19

40.20

0.29

392.3

13.2

111.0

47.6

309.5

129.0

9.5

149.1

164.4

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0

392.3

129.0

15.0
15.0
15.0

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 400 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

Appendix C
Pile Calculation
Sample sheet

SINGLE SQUARE DRIVEN PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Location:

Nong Saeng Power Plant - Saraburi


Factory Area

Borehole No.:

BH-2

Project:

Soil Description

Depth

Avg.

USCS S=Sand

To

Depth

C=Clay

Unit

Unit

Weight Weight
t/m^3

Pile size :

0.25

Area:

0.063

m2

Perimeter :

1.000

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

-0.80

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

vo

'tip

'tip

0.25

m.

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

t/m2

kN/m^3

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor

Corr.
t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

0.0

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

tons

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

CH

3.0

1.50

2.12

20.80

15

0.59

6.36

3.36

32.96

1.68

16.48

2.25

1.00

183.9

2.3

11.5

6.8

6.8

6.8

0.0

18.2

7.3

CH

7.0

3.50

2.12

20.80

15

17

0.90

14.84

7.84

76.91

5.60

54.94

3.75

0.95

200.7

3.6

12.5

14.2

21.0

21.0

0.6

32.9

13.2

CL

13.5

6.75

2.12

20.80

24

19

1.25

28.62

15.12

148.33

11.48

112.62

6.00

0.64

231.2

3.8

14.5

25.0

45.9

45.9

1.6

58.8

23.5

SM

16.0

8.00

2.13

20.90

51

38

1.36

33.95

17.95

176.04

16.53

162.18

12.75

28

0.50

22

451.0

6.8

28.2

17.0

63.0

63.0

2.0

89.2

35.7

SP

17.5

8.75

2.13

20.90

80

56

1.42

37.14

19.64

192.67

18.79

184.35

20.00

42

80

0.50

34

676.2

12.5

42.3

18.7

81.7

81.7

2.2

121.8

48.7

SP-SM

18.5

9.25

2.13

20.90

100

68

1.46

39.27

20.77

203.75

20.21

198.21

25.00

51

108

0.50

41

822.0

17.4

51.4

17.4

99.1

99.1

2.3

148.2

59.3

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 1000 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

SINGLE SQUARE DRIVEN PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Location:

Nong Saeng Power Plant - Saraburi


Factory Area

Borehole No.:

BH-2

Project:

Soil Description

Depth

Avg.

USCS S=Sand

To

Depth

C=Clay

Unit

Unit

Weight Weight
t/m^3

Pile size :

0.30

Area:

0.090

m2

Perimeter :

1.200

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

-0.80

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

vo

'tip

'tip

0.30

m.

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

t/m2

kN/m^3

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor

Corr.
t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

0.0

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

tons

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

CH

3.0

1.50

2.12

20.80

15

0.59

6.36

3.36

32.96

1.68

16.48

2.25

1.00

183.9

2.3

16.6

8.1

8.1

6.8

0.0

24.7

9.9

CH

7.0

3.50

2.12

20.80

15

17

0.90

14.84

7.84

76.91

5.60

54.94

3.75

0.95

200.7

3.6

18.1

17.1

25.2

21.0

0.9

42.4

16.9

CL

13.5

6.75

2.12

20.80

24

19

1.25

28.62

15.12

148.33

11.48

112.62

6.00

0.64

231.2

3.8

20.8

30.0

55.1

45.9

2.3

73.7

29.5

SM

16.0

8.00

2.13

20.90

51

38

1.36

33.95

17.95

176.04

16.53

162.18

12.75

28

0.50

22

451.0

6.8

40.6

20.4

75.6

63.0

2.8

113.3

45.3

SP

17.5

8.75

2.13

20.90

80

56

1.42

37.14

19.64

192.67

18.79

184.35

20.00

42

80

0.50

34

676.2

12.5

60.9

22.5

98.0

81.7

3.1

155.8

62.3

SP-SM

18.5

9.25

2.13

20.90

100

68

1.46

39.27

20.77

203.75

20.21

198.21

25.00

51

108

0.50

41

822.0

17.4

74.0

20.9

119.0

99.1

3.3

189.6

75.8

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 1000 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

SINGLE SQUARE DRIVEN PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Location:

Nong Saeng Power Plant - Saraburi


Factory Area

Borehole No.:

BH-2

Project:

Soil Description

Depth

Avg.

USCS S=Sand

To

Depth

C=Clay

Unit

Unit

Weight Weight
t/m^3

Pile size :

0.35

Area:

0.123

m2

Perimeter :

1.400

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

-0.80

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

vo

'tip

'tip

0.35

m.

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

t/m2

kN/m^3

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor

Corr.
t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

tons

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

CH

3.0

1.50

2.12

20.80

15

0.59

6.36

3.36

32.96

1.68

16.48

2.25

1.00

183.9

2.3

22.5

9.5

9.5

6.8

0.0

32.0

12.8

CH

7.0

3.50

2.12

20.80

15

17

0.90

14.84

7.84

76.91

5.60

54.94

3.75

0.95

200.7

3.6

24.6

19.9

29.3

21.0

1.2

52.8

21.1

CL

13.5

6.75

2.12

20.80

24

19

1.25

28.62

15.12

148.33

11.48

112.62

6.00

0.64

231.2

3.8

28.3

35.0

64.3

45.9

3.1

89.5

35.8

SM

16.0

8.00

2.13

20.90

51

38

1.36

33.95

17.95

176.04

16.53

162.18

12.75

28

0.50

22

451.0

6.8

55.2

23.8

88.2

63.0

3.8

139.6

55.8

SP

17.5

8.75

2.13

20.90

80

56

1.42

37.14

19.64

192.67

18.79

184.35

20.00

42

80

0.50

34

676.2

12.5

82.8

26.2

114.4

81.7

4.3

193.0

77.2

SP-SM

18.5

9.25

2.13

20.90

100

68

1.46

39.27

20.77

203.75

20.21

198.21

25.00

51

108

0.50

41

822.0

17.4

100.7

24.4

138.8

99.1

4.6

234.9

94.0

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 1000 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

SINGLE SQUARE DRIVEN PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION-STATIC FORMULA

Location:

Nong Saeng Power Plant - Saraburi


Factory Area

Borehole No.:

BH-2

Project:

Soil Description

Depth

Avg.

USCS S=Sand

To

Depth

C=Clay

Unit

Unit

Weight Weight
t/m^3

Pile size :

0.40

Area:

0.160

m2

Perimeter :

1.600

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water =

-0.80

SPT (N-value)
Field

Liao

vo

'tip

'tip

0.40

m.

from ground level

'ave

'ave

Su

Nq

Ks

t/m2

kN/m^3

Adh.

qb

qs

Qb

Qs

Factor

Corr.
t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

kN/m2

t/m2

0.80

Qs

Qs

Wp

Qu

Qa

tons

tons

tons

Cumm. Cumm.
t/m2

t/m2

tons

tons

tons

t/m. peri

0.0

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

CH

3.0

1.50

2.12

20.80

15

0.59

6.36

3.36

32.96

1.68

16.48

2.25

1.00

183.9

2.3

29.4

10.8

10.8

6.8

0.0

40.2

16.1

CH

7.0

3.50

2.12

20.80

15

17

0.90

14.84

7.84

76.91

5.60

54.94

3.75

0.95

200.7

3.6

32.1

22.7

33.5

21.0

1.5

64.1

25.6

CL

13.5

6.75

2.12

20.80

24

19

1.25

28.62

15.12

148.33

11.48

112.62

6.00

0.64

231.2

3.8

37.0

40.0

73.5

45.9

4.0

106.5

42.6

SM

16.0

8.00

2.13

20.90

51

38

1.36

33.95

17.95

176.04

16.53

162.18

12.75

28

0.50

22

451.0

6.8

72.2

27.3

100.8

63.0

5.0

167.9

67.2

SP

17.5

8.75

2.13

20.90

80

56

1.42

37.14

19.64

192.67

18.79

184.35

20.00

42

80

0.50

34

676.2

12.5

108.2

30.0

130.7

81.7

5.6

233.3

93.3

SP-SM

18.5

9.25

2.13

20.90

100

68

1.46

39.27

20.77

203.75

20.21

198.21

25.00

51

108

0.50

41

822.0

17.4

131.5

27.9

158.6

99.1

6.0

284.2

113.7

Remark:

1) Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation


2) Pile cut-off level is at - 1.00 m. below ground level
3) Limited maximum end bearing, qb = 1000 t/sq.m. for sand (Reese and O' Neill, 1989)
4) Corected Standard Penetration, Ncorrect = NF*sqrt(95.6/'v), (Liao and Whitman, 1986)

RECOMMENDED ALLOWABLE LOAD FOR SINGLE SQUARE DRIVEN PILE

Location:

Nong Saeng Power Plant - Saraburi


Factory Area

Borehole No.:

BH-2

Factor of safety :

2.50

Depth of water :

-0.80

Project:

25 x 25 cm. Square Driven Pile

Depth

m. below ground level

30x30 cm. square Driven Pile

35x35 cm. square Driven Pile

40x40 cm. square Driven Pile

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

Cumm.Skin
Friction

End
Bearing

Pile
Weight

Allowable
Load

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

(tons)

13.5

46

14

24

55

21

29

64

28

36

73

37

43

16.0

63

28

36

76

41

45

88

55

56

101

72

67

17.5

82

42

49

98

61

62

114

83

77

131

108

93

18.5

99

51

59

119

74

76

139

101

94

159

132

114

(meters)

REMARK : 1. Negative skin friction is not consider in the calculation

2. Pile cut-off elevation -1.00 m. below ground level

LOCATION :

Nong Saeng Power Plant - Saraburi


Factory Area

BOREHOLE NO.:

BH-2

PROJECT :

Cumm. Ultimate Skin Friction


(t/m of Perimeter)
20

40

60

80

100

120

10

Depth (m)

Depth (m)

Ultimate End Bearing


(t/sq.m)
200

400

600

800

1,000

10

12

12

14

14

16

16

18

18

20

20

CUMMULATIVE ULTIMATE SKIN FRICTION AND ULTIMATE END BEARING CAPACITY VS DEPTH OF SINGLE SQUARE DRIVEN PILE

Appendix D
Bearing Capacity and
Shallow Foundation
Sample sheet data

SPT Correlation Program - NovoSPT(Pro) 1.8.0.51


Novo Tech Software Ltd.
www.NovotechSoftware.com
Developed by : Alireza Afkhami-Aghda
This copy of program is licensed to : Poosit Sunlakaviset

all calculations are done for SPT blow count N60=15 at depth 7.92 m; Corrected SPT N1(60)~13 after Liao and Whitman 1986
Table i : Input data and assumptions.

Table ii : Soil layers from existing ground.

Input Parameter
Footing B (m)
Footing L (m)
Footing Df (m)
Footing P (kPa)
Safety factor FS
Apply ground water
ti water level
Ground
(Pile
) length (m)
Pile diameter (m)

Thickness
( )
3

Unit
W
16.5i ht

4.3
5

18.7
17.5

Value
1
1
0.9
100
3
No
5
0.4

Table iii : In-situ SPT test results.


Depth (m)
0.3
0.61
0.91
1.22
1.52
1.83
2.13
2.44
2.74
3.05
3.35
3.66
3.96
4.27
4.57
4.88
5.18
5.49
5.79
6.1
6.4
6.71
7.01
7.32
7.62
7.92

SPT
N60
Bl
C 32
34
12
11
18
17
26
25
23
22
25
24
43
41
22
21
21
20
17
16
18
17
20
19
19
18
25
24
23
22
24
23
25
24
22
21
24
23
24
23
26
25
28
26
18
17
20
19
24
23
16
15

Table 16 : Young's Modulus (Es).


Source
Schultze and Muhs, 1967

Young's Modulus Es Comments


(kPa)
36409
Sand

Ref#

Var.

41

N1(60)

D'Appolonia et al., 1970

35772

Sand (normally consolidated)

41

N1(60)

Tan et al., 1991

15000

Sand (normally consolidated)

Bowles, 1996 and Denver, 1982

27111

Sand (normally consolidated)

25

N60

Bowles, 1996

90000

Sand (normally consolidated)

25

N60

Bowles, 1996

50099

Sand (normally consolidated)

25

N60

Bowles, 1996

7500

Sand (saturated)

25

N60

Bowles, 1996

41250

Sands (all normally consolidated): average value

25

N60

Bowles, 1996

55750

Sand (over consolidated) OCR=1

25

N60

Bowles, 1996

25200

Gravelly sand

25

N60

Kulhawy and Mayne, 1990

7500

Sands with fines

N60

Kulhawy and Mayne, 1990

15000

Clean sands (normally consolidated)

N60

Kulhawy and Mayne, 1990

22500

Clean sands (over consolidated)

N60

Tan et al., 1991

12600

Gravelly sand

N60

Tan et al., 1991

9600

Clayey sand

N60

Tan et al., 1991

6300

Silts, sandy silt, or clayey silt

N60

Ghahramani and Behpoor, 1989

2550

Saturated clays, N60<25

Skempton, 1986

23550

Papadopoulos, 1992

19500

25

N60

Mezenbach, 1961

10150

Fine sand (above water level)

25

N60

Mezenbach, 1961

14450

Fine sand (below water level)

25

N60

Mezenbach, 1961

10650

Sand (medium)

25

N60

Mezenbach, 1961

19550

Coarse sand

25

N60

Mezenbach, 1961

22000

Sand and gravel

25

N60

Mezenbach, 1961

10350

Silty sand

25

N60

Mezenbach, 1961

9900

Silt

25

N60

Stroud, 1988

~ 7500 to 30000

Weak rocks

47

N60

N60

N60
N60

Table 17 : Undrained Shear Strength (Su) of Clays.


Source
Terzaghi and Peck, 1967

Undrained shear
strength Su (kPa)
98

Comments

Ref#

Var.

Meyerhof, 1956

150

N60

Peck et al., 1974

75

N1(60)

Ghahramani and Behpoor, 1989

112

based on over 100 data in Iran, N60<25

N60

Decourt, 1989

158

from triaxial UU tests

47

N60

Stroud, 1974

68

Insensitive overconsolidated clays

47

N60

Stroud, 1989

68

PI=15%

N60

Stroud, 1989

82

PI=50%

N60

Stroud, 1989

75

In-sensitive weak rock with N60<200

N60

Sowers, 1979

~ 38 to 69

Clayey sands (SC) and Silts (ML)

N60

Sowers, 1979

~ 69 to 150

Lean clays (CL)

N60

Sowers, 1979

~ 150 to 259

Fat clays (CH)

N60

Stroud and Butler, 1975

~ 60 to 90

valid for N60>5

N60

Japanese Road Association

valid for N60<5

N60

Reese, Touma and O'Neill, 1976

105

Kulhawy and Mayne, 1990

90

30

N60

Hara et al., 1974

204

30

N60

Ajayi and Balogun, 1988

95

39

N60

Hatef and Keshavarz, 2004

104

N60

105

based on 482 SPT and unconfined compression tests in Shiraz


city (Iran)
for clays in Brazil

39

Tavares, 1988

39

N60

Source

Correction Factor

Comments

Ref#

Var.

Skempton, 1986

Borehole Diameter Factor, Cb

Skempton, 1986

Sampling Method Factor, Cs

N60

Skempton, 1986

0.94

Rod Length Factor, Cr

N60

Skempton, 1986

Energy Ratio Factor, Ce

N60

N60

N60

Table 18 : Other Correction Factors.

N60

Table 19 : Depth Correction Factor (Cn).


Source
Gibbs and Holtz, 1957

Depth Correction
Factor Cn
1.64

Comments

Ref#

Samson et al., 1986

0.82

N60

Peck and Bazaraa, 1969

0.85

N60

Peck, Hanson and Thornburn, 1974 0.88

N60

Seed, 1976

0.8

N60

Tokimatsu and Yoshimi, 1983

0.8

N60

Liao and Whitman, 1986

0.83

N60

Skempton, 1986

0.82

N60

Canadian Foundation Engineering


Manual, 2006

0.87

equation by Teng, 1962

Var.
N60

4th Edition

N60

Table 20 : Relative Density (Dr) of Sands.


Source

Relative Density (%) Comments

Gibbs and Holtz, 1957

59.8

Meyerhof, 1957

54

Yoshida et al., 1988

48

Idriss and Boulanger, 2003

52.2

Skempton, 1986

Ref#

Linear Interpolation

Var.
N60

with Co=25, C1=0.12, C2=0.46

N60

19

N1(60)

47.7

Fine sands

42

N1(60)

Skempton, 1986

43.9

Coarse sands

42

N1(60)

Cubrinovski and Ishihara, 1999

56.7

All sands

42

N1(60)

Cubrinovski and Ishihara, 1999

49.5

Clean sands

42

N1(60)

Cubrinovski and Ishihara, 1999

69.4

Silty sands

42

N1(60)

Table 21 : Bearing Capacity of Footings on Sands (qa).


Source
Burland and Burbidge, 1985

Allowable Bearing
Capacity qa (kPa)
662.77

Comments

Ref#

Var.

Terzaghi

247.57

T=2.23, based on 25 mm allowable settlement

N60(ave)

Meyerhof, 1976

390

Parry, 1977

490.91

in cohesionless soils (valid for Df<B)

Peck et al., 1974

132.71

in cohesionless soils

Ng from Brinch and Hansen 1970, Nq from Bowles 1996, Fi from


Hatanaka and Uchida, 1996

Table 22 : Settlement of Footing on Sands (S).


Source

Settlement (cm)

Comments

modified Meyerhof, 1965

0.36

revised method after Meyerhof, 1956

N60ave

modified Meyerhof (based on


Terzaghi and Peck)
Terzaghi and Peck, 1967

for sands, B>1.2 m

N60ave

Peck and Bazaraa, 1969

0.2

0.61

Ref#

Var.

N60ave
N60ave

Peck, Hanson and Thornburn, 1974 2.34

valid for B>0.9 m

N60ave

Burland and Burbidge, 1985

0.28

for normally consolidates sands

N60ave

Burland and Burbidge, 1985

0.03

for over consolidates sands

N60ave

Duncan and Buchignani, 1976

0.65

modified from Meyerhof 1965, for 1 year time effect

N60ave

Alpan, 1964

1.53

Anagnostropoulos et al., 1991

0.28

database of 150 cases

N60ave

N1(60)

Table 23 : Becker Hammer Test (BPT).


Source

Comments

Ref#

Var.

Harder and Seed, 1986

Equivalent BPT
(Nb30)
15

does not consider friction of casing

15

N60

Alex Sy and Campanella, 1994

36

Rs = 0 kN

15,18

N60

Alex Sy and Campanella, 1994

20

Rs = 45 kN

15,18

N60

Alex Sy and Campanella, 1994

12

Rs = 90 kN

15,18

N60

Alex Sy and Campanella, 1994

Rs = 135 kN

15,18

N60

Alex Sy and Campanella, 1994

Rs = 180 kN

15,18

N60

Alex Sy and Campanella, 1994

Rs = 225 kN

15,18

N60

Alex Sy and Campanella, 1994

Rs = 270 kN

15,18

N60

Alex Sy and Campanella, 1994

Rs = 315 kN

15,18

N60

Alex Sy and Campanella, 1994

Rs = 360 kN

15,18

N60

Comments

Ref#

Var.

University of California, Davis

Cyclic Stress Ratio


(CSR)
0.14

based on on-going works

19

N1(60)

Chinese Code

0.2

uses 0.833*N1(60)

N1(60)

Kokusho

0.23

uses 0.833*N1(60)

N1(60)

Seed

0.24

uses 0.833*N1(60)

N1(60)

Shibata

0.25

uses 0.833*N1(60)

N1(60)

Tokimatsu

0.22

uses 0.833*N1(60)

N1(60)

NCEER 1997 Workshop

0.14

for clean sand

N1(60)

Source

Consistency

Comments

Meyerhof, 1965

Stiff

for fine-grained soils

N60

Meyerhof, 1965

Medium

for coarse-grained soils

N60

Table 24 : Liquefaction (CRR).


Source

Table 25 : Consistency.
Ref#

Var.

Table 26 : Friction Angle of Sands.


Source

Comments

Ref#

Peck et al., 1953

Internal Friction
Angle (deg)
29.1

N60

Terzaghi, Peck and Mesri, 1996

35

Fine-grained sands

23,27

N60

Terzaghi, Peck and Mesri, 1996

31.8

Coarse-grained sands

23,27

N60

Hatanaka and Uchida, 1996

34.7

for Sands

N1(60)

Hatanaka and Uchida, 1996

35.8

30

N1(60)

Ohsaki et al., 1959

32.3

N60

JRA, 1990

30

for N60>5 , Fi<=45

N60

Dunham, 1954

38.4

Angular and well-graded soils

N60

Dunham, 1954

33.4

Round and well-graded OR Angular and uniform-graded soils

N60

Dunham, 1954

28.4

Round and uniform-garded soils

N60

Shioi and Fukui, 1954

25.8

in general

N70

Shioi and Fukui, 1954

30.2

for roads and bridges

N70

Shioi and Fukui, 1954

31.6

for buildings

N70

Meyerhof, 1959

35.2

Dr from Yoshida, 1988

Peck, Hanson and Thornburn, 1974 31.7

is not recommended for shallow depths (less than 1 to 2 metres)

Var.

N60
12

N1(60)

Kampengsen

36.7

24

N60

Kampengsen

38.3

24

N1(60)

Chonburi

35.4

24

N60

Chonburi

35.7

24

N1(60)

Ayuthaya

36.2

24

N60

Ayuthaya

34.7

24

N1(60)

Wolff, 1989

30.8

30

N1(60)

Kulhawy and Mayne, 1990

35.4

Moh, Chin, Lin and Woo, 1989

32.7

Halanakar and Uchida, 1996

32.8

Duncan, 2004

45

Duncan, 2004
Duncan, 2004

an approximation based on Peck et al., 1974

N60
granular soils in Taipei

33

N1(60)

25

N1(60)

Gravel, Cu>4

45

Dr

38.6

Sand, Cu<6

45

Dr

43.6

Sand, Cu>6

45

Dr

Table 27 : Shear Wave Velocity (Vs).


Source

Vs (m/s)

Comments

Kanai et al., 1966

96

for all soils

Ref#

Var.

Imai et al., 1975

227

for all soils

N60

Imai, 1977

212

Holocene clay

N1(60)

Imai, 1977

187

Holocene sand

N1(60)

Imai, 1977

237

Pleistocene clay

N1(60)

Imai, 1977

218

Pleistocene sand

N1(60)

Imai and Yoshimura, 1970

186

for all soils

N60

Imai and Yoshimura, 1975

224

from 192 samples

N60

Imai and Tonouchi, 1982

176

for gravelly soils

N60

Imai and Tonouchi, 1982

207

for all soils

N60

Ohta et al., 1972

231

for sands

N60

Ohta and Goto, 1978

85

for Holocene clays

34

N60

Ohta and Goto, 1978

91

for Holocene sands

34

N60

Ohta and Goto, 1978

97

for Holocene sands and gravels

34

N60

Ohta and Goto, 1978

123

for Holocene gravels

34

N60

Ohta and Goto, 1978

110

for Pleistocene clays

34

N60

Ohta and Goto, 1978

118

for Pleistocene sands

34

N60

Ohta and Goto, 1978

127

for Pleistocene sands and gravels

34

N60

Ohta and Goto, 1978

160

for Pleistocene gravels

34

N60

JRA, 1980

247

for clays

40

N60

JRA, 1980

197

for sands

40

N60

Ohba and Toriuma, 1970

186

Iyisan

208

13

N60

N60

N1(60)

Tomio Inazaki, 2006

254

Public Works Research Institute of Japan

Baziar, Fallah, Razeghi and


Khorasani
Okamota et1998
al., 1989

413

for all soils in Iran (function of depth)

N1(60)

267

Pleistocene sand

N1(60)

Tamura and Yamazaki, 2002

246

function of depth

Ulugergerli and Uyanik, 2004

~ 63 to 469

Clay, slit and gravel in western Turkey

31

N60

Jafari, Shafiee and Razmkhak,


2002
Jafari, Shafiee and Razmkhak,

195

Clayey soils in Tehran (uses N60)

35

N60

177

Silty soils in Tehran (uses N60)

35

N60

190

Fine-grained soils in Tehran (uses N60)

35

N60

220

for all soils

Yokota et al., 1991

251

for all soils

N60

Lee, 1990

333

for clays

N60

Lee, 1990

252

for silts

N60

Lee, 1990

215

for sands

N60

Sykora and Stokoe, 1983

219

for coarse-grained soils

N60

Seed et al., 1983

217

for sands

N60

Seed and Idriss, 1981

236

for all soils

N60

Shibata, 1970

124

for sands

N60

Ohsaki and Iwazaki, 1973

211

for coarse-grained soils

N60

Ohsaki and Iwazaki, 1973

236

for all soils

Anbazhagan and Sitharam, 2008

214

based on 58 sites in Banglore

2002
Jafari, Shafiee and Razmkhak,
2002
Jafari et al., 1997

36

N60

N1(60)

N60

N60
43

N1(60)

Table 28 : Shear Modulus (Gmax).


Reference
Imai and Tonouchi, 1982

Shear Modulus
Gmax (MPa)
173

Comments

Ref#

Var.

Seed, Idriss and Arango, 1983

98

37

N1(60)

Anbazhagan, Sitharam and Diryac,


2007
Wroth et al., 1979

66

data gathered from Turkey

37

N1(60)

105

based on Ohsaki and Iwasaki, 1973

44

N60

Ohsaki and Iwasaki, 1973

97

38

N60

Seed et al., 1986

124

using Japanese data

38

N1(60)

Seed et al., 1986

103

46

N60

Randolph, 1981

15

44

N60

N60

is conservative

Table 29 : Bearing Capacity of Piles.


Ref#

Var.

GEO, 1996 and Yau 2000

Unit Ultimate Bearing Comments


of Pile (kPa)
16
fs for bored piles in saprolites

10

N60

Meyerhof, 1976

22

fs for small displacement piles (bored)

28

N60

Meyerhof, 1976

45

fs for large displacement piles (driven)

28

N60

Yves Robert, 1997

28

fs in granular soil

28

N60

Quiros and Reese, 1977

56

fs for drilled piles

46

N60

Reese and Wright, 1977

42

fs for drilled piles

46

N60

Reese and O'Neill, 1988

192

fs for drilled piles (beta method, function of depth)

46

Hassan and O'Neill, 1994

192

fs for drilled piles (modified beta method, function of depth)

46

N60

Meyerhof, 1976

1502

qp for small displacement piles (bored) with upper limit cut-off

28

N1(60)

Meyerhof, 1976

5008

qp for large displacement piles (driven) with upper limit cut-off

28

N1(60)

Yves Robert, 1997

1440

qp for bored piles in granular soil

28

N1(60)

Yves Robert, 1997

2379

qp for driven piles in granular soil

28

N1(60)

Reese and O'Neill, 1988

900

qp with upper limit of 4300 KPa in drilled shafts

46

N60

Detta et al., 1980

~ 2625 to 8750

qp in calcareous sands

39

N60

Reese and Wright, 1977

958

qp for drilled piles

46

N60

Source

Table 30 : Misc..
Source

Value

Parameter

Ref#

Var.

Meyerhof, 1965

CPT tip resistance (qc), in MPa

N60

J. Fred Triggs and Paul D.


Simpson, 1990
Stroud, 1989

25

Wildcat Dynamic Penetrometer blow counts /10cm

N60

~ 133.12 E-6

mv for PI=15%, in 1/kPa

N1(60)

Stroud, 1989

~ 199.68 E-6

mv for PI=50%, in 1/kPa

N1(60)

Ohya, 1982

5424

Pressuremeter horizontal modulus (E_PMT) in sands, in kPa

N60

Kulhawy and Mayne, 1990

17.3

Saturated unit weight for Sands, in kN/m3

N60

Kulhawy and Mayne, 1990

18.9

Saturated unit weight for Clays, in kN/m3

N60

Ulugergerli and Uyanik, 2004

~ 16.6 to 19.4

N60

Ziaie Moayed and Naeini, 2006

106.1

Unit weight for clay, slit and gravel in western Turkey (using
average Vs), in kN/m3
Modulus of subgrade reaction Ks30 in gravely soils, in MN/m3

Mayne and Kemper, 1984

6.2

Over Consolidation Ratio (OCR) for clays

Muayed Ismail, 2008

~ 1.3 E-3

Schnaid et al., 2004

29

N1(60)

D10 for granular soil near Baghdad N60<35, in mm

32

N60

~ 55.2 to 124.3

initial stiffness modulus (Go) for un-cemented soils, in MPa

47

N60

Schnaid et al., 2004

~ 124.3 to 331.5

initial stiffness modulus (Go) for cemented soils, in MPa

47

N60

Sandorni, 1991

20.6

operational stiffness modulus (E) for cemented soils, in MPa

47

N60

N60

APPENDIX E
Sample Sheet for
Long Term Settlement Calculation

Materials

Stiff Clay

Very Stiff Clay

VEHICLE LOAD
EMBANKMENT LOAD 1

Height 5.0 m.

P.O. Box 69
2600 AB Delft

Phone

+31 15 261 08 21

+31 15 269 35 00

Very Stiff Clay


Fax

date

MSettle 7.3 : RoadWidth12.0m.sli

30/10/2009

Sand
Annex

100.000
0.000

2
1

Sand

PGS Power Plant Nongsaeng


Road width 12.0 m.. Settlement Prediction

Input View

Stiff Clay

105.921730

P.O. Box 69

Loading [kPa]

105.921725

2600 AB Delft

PGS Power Plant Nongsaeng


Road width 12.0 m.. Settlement Prediction

Height 5.0 m.

Time-History

105.921720

105.921715

10

100

1000

10000

1000

10000

Time [days]
Phone

+31 15 261 08 21

+31 15 269 35 00

0.200000

Settlement [m]

Fax

0.000000

0.400000

0.600000

0.800000

date

MSettle 7.3 : RoadWidth12.0m.sli

30/10/2009

Annex

1.000000

Vertical 2 (X = 50.000 m; Z = 0.000 m)


Method = Isotache with Terzaghi (Natural strain)

10

100

Depth = 0.000 (-) [m]


Settlement after 10000 days = 1.082 [m]

2.633325

P.O. Box 69

Loading [kPa]

2.633320

2600 AB Delft

PGS Power Plant Nongsaeng


Road width 12.0 m.. Settlement Prediction

Height 5.0 m.

Time-History

2.633315

2.633310

10

100

1000

10000

1000

10000

Time [days]
Phone

+31 15 261 08 21

+31 15 269 35 00

0.100000

Settlement [m]

Fax

0.000000

0.200000

0.300000

date

MSettle 7.3 : RoadWidth12.0m.sli

30/10/2009

Annex

0.400000

Vertical 1 (X = 34.000 m; Z = 0.000 m)


Method = Isotache with Terzaghi (Natural strain)

10

100

Depth = 0.000 (-) [m]


Settlement after 10000 days = 0.453 [m]

Report for MSettle 7.3

Filename:

Date of calculation:
Time of calculation:

Date of report:
Time of report:

D:\..\00-IPP-PhaseII\01-Soil-Report\SettlementAnalysis\RoadWidth12.0m

30/10/2009
12:36:06

30/10/2009
12:58:40

Settlement Calculations
Developed by GeoDelft

Project identification:

PGS Power Plant Nongsaeng


Road width 12.0 m.. Settlement Prediction
Height 5.0 m.

1 Echo of the Input


1.1 Layer Boundaries
Boundary number
3 -X3 -Y2 -X2 -Y1 -X1 -Y0 -X0 -Y0.000
0.000
0.000
-6.000
0.000
-16.000
0.000
-18.600

OCR
[-]

1
1
1

PL-line
bottom
1
1
1

Vert. consolid.
coefficient Cv
[m2/s]
7.31E-08
7.31E-08
1.00E-01

Co-ordinates [m]
100.000
0.000
100.000
-6.000
100.000
-16.000
100.000
-18.600

PL-line
top

1.30
1.30
1.30

X co-ordinates [m]
34.000
50.000

Secular
comp. index
b [-]
1.000E-01
1.000E-01
1.000E-01

0.000

Secular
comp. rate
c [-]
5.000E-03
5.000E-03
5.000E-03

Unit weight
Unsaturated
Saturated
[kN/m]
[kN/m]
21.00
21.00
22.00
22.00
21.00
21.00

Material name
Stiff Clay
Very Stiff Clay
Sand

1.2 Soil Profiles


Layer
number
3
2
1

Direct
comp. index
a [-]
1.000E-02
1.000E-02
1.000E-02

POP
[kN/m]

No
No
Yes

Drained

1.3 Soil Properties


Layer
number
3
2
1
Layer
number
3
2
1
Layer
number
3
2
1

1.4 Verticals
Vertical number
1-3

D:\..\SettlementAnalysis\RoadWidth12.0m

Calculation cross section at Z = 0.000 m

30/10/2009

MSettle 7.3

Page 2

2 Results per Vertical

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.981
1.962
2.943
3.924
4.905
14.715
24.525
34.335
44.145
53.955
87.293
101.637
115.825
129.847
143.702
157.391
170.920
184.297
197.530
210.630
223.605

2.633
4.733
6.837
8.949
11.078
13.229
14.425
15.649
16.898
18.170
19.461
32.882
46.549
60.215
73.810
87.293

S-eff.
[kN/m]

2.633
4.733
6.837
8.949
11.078
13.229
15.406
17.611
19.841
22.094
24.366
47.597
71.074
94.550
117.955
141.248
53.955
63.765
73.575
83.385
93.195
103.005
112.815
122.625
132.435
142.245
152.055

Final stress
S-water
[kN/m]

0.000
2.100
4.200
6.300
8.400
10.500
11.619
12.738
13.857
14.976
16.095
27.285
38.475
49.665
60.855
72.045
141.248
165.402
189.400
213.232
236.897
260.396
283.735
306.922
329.965
352.875
375.660

S-total
[kN/m]

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.981
1.962
2.943
3.924
4.905
14.715
24.525
34.335
44.145
53.955
72.045
84.235
96.425
108.615
120.805
132.995
145.185
157.375
169.565
181.755
193.945
223.605
231.918
239.002
246.048
254.225

S-eff.
[kN/m]

0.000
2.100
4.200
6.300
8.400
10.500
12.600
14.700
16.800
18.900
21.000
42.000
63.000
84.000
105.000
126.000
53.955
63.765
73.575
83.385
93.195
103.005
112.815
122.625
132.435
142.245
152.055
152.055
158.922
164.808
170.694
177.561

Initial stress
S-water
[kN/m]

126.000
148.000
170.000
192.000
214.000
236.000
258.000
280.000
302.000
324.000
346.000
375.660
390.840
403.810
416.742
431.786

Page 3

10000
55.86
100.00

MSettle 7.3

Degree of consolidation [%]


10
100
1000
1.78
5.61
17.72
100.00 100.00 100.00

193.945
201.778
208.492
215.206
223.039

1
0.57
100.00

152.055
158.922
164.808
170.694
177.561

Type of drainage
undrained, single drainage
drained

D:\..\SettlementAnalysis\RoadWidth12.0m

Time
[days]
81066

346.000
360.700
373.300
385.900
400.600

S-total
[kN/m]

2.1 Results for Vertical 1 (X = 34.00 m; Z = 0.00 m)

Depth
[m]
Layer 3
0.00
-0.10
-0.20
-0.30
-0.40
-0.50
-0.60
-0.70
-0.80
-0.90
-1.00
-2.00
-3.00
-4.00
-5.00
-6.00
Layer 2
-6.00
-7.00
-8.00
-9.00
-10.00
-11.00
-12.00
-13.00
-14.00
-15.00
-16.00
Layer 1
-16.00
-16.70
-17.30
-17.90
-18.60
Layers
3-2
1-1

30/10/2009

3 Settlements
3.1 Settlements
Vertical
number
1
2

End of Report

30/10/2009

X co-ordinate
[m]
34.00
50.00

Surface level
[m]
0.00
0.00

Settlement
[m]
0.453
1.082

D:\..\SettlementAnalysis\RoadWidth12.0m

MSettle 7.3

Page 4

TABLE 1

UNCONFINED COMPRESSION TEST


Sample Sheet

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT


BANGKLA CHACHOENGSAO
Boring No.
BH-1
Sample No.
1

UNCONFINED COMPRESSION TEST

Project :
Location.

Testing Date

PR constant

Strain Rate

Deform Reading

: 2.54E-05 mm./div.

13/06/52
0.2262 kg./div.
0.05 mm./min.

Depth, m.

:
:

Wet Dens.:

Height(H), cm.

3.00-3.50
5.65
: 11.83

Init. Area :

Dia.(D), cm.

Soil Weight, gm.

Sample Description:

Water Cont, %
Cap +PR Load, kg. :
Tested by

Dry Dens. :

455.43
9.24
0.208
VERAPOL

sq.cm.

25.04
1.538
1.408

gm/cc
gm/cc

SAMPLE AFTER TEST

Deform.

Load

Strain

Cor.

Axial

Dev.

Tangent

Secant

Area

Load

Stress

Modulus

Modulus

sq.cm

kPa

MPa

0.000

Rdg.

mm.

(div.)

0.0

0.000

20

4.0

0.000

25.04

11

4.4

0.00

40

5.8

0.001

25.04

15

6.0

371.21

692.88

60

7.8

0.001

25.04

19

7.7

412.45

599.40

qu =

46.0

kPa

80

9.4

0.002

25.04

23

9.1

329.96

532.04

cor. qu =

46.4

kPa

100

10.9

0.002

25.04

26

10.5

309.33

487.50

c = qu/2 =

23.0

kPa

120

12.3

0.003

25.04

29

11.7

288.71

454.37

cor. c =

140

13.9

0.003

25.04

33

13.1

329.95

436.59

160

15.3

0.003

25.04

36

14.4

288.70

418.11

180

16.9

0.004

25.04

40

15.8

329.94

408.31

200

18.4

0.004

25.04

43

17.1

309.32

398.41

250

21.2

0.005

25.04

49

19.6

230.95

364.92

300

25.7

0.006

25.04

59

23.6

371.17

365.96

350

29.5

0.008

25.04

67

26.9

313.42

358.46

400

32.9

0.009

25.04

75

30.0

280.42

348.70

450

36.5

0.010

25.04

83

33.1

296.91

342.95

500

40.0

0.011

25.04

91

36.2

288.66

337.52

550

43.0

0.012

25.05

97

38.90

247.41

329.33

600

45.0

0.013

25.05

102

40.67

164.92

315.63

650

47.0

0.014

25.05

106

42.44

164.92

304.03

700

48.7

0.015

25.05

110

43.95

140.17

292.33

750

50.0

0.016

25.05

113

45.10

107.18

279.99

800

51.0

0.017

25.05

115

45.98

82.43

267.64

850

51.0

0.018

25.05

115

45.98

-0.05

251.89

900

51.0

0.019

25.05

115

45.98

-0.05

237.90

950

50.0

0.020

25.05

113

45.10

-82.52

221.03

1000

49.0

0.021

25.05

111

44.21

-82.52

205.85

0.0

Strength

MPa

Properties

0.0

H/D ratio=

2.09

cor.factor =

0.990

2
2.37 T/m

Tangent Modulus at 50 % qu
=

230.95 MPa

Secant Modulus at 50 % qu
=

364.92 MPa

45.0

40.0

35.0

DEVIATER STRESS, kPa

25.04

Summary of

30.0

25.0

20.0

15.0

10.0

5.0

0.0
0

0.005

0.01

0.015

STRAIN, %

0.02

0.025

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT


BANGKLA CHACHOENGSAO
Boring No.
BH-1
Sample No.
1

UNCONFINED COMPRESSION TEST

Project :
Location.

Testing Date

PR constant

Strain Rate

Deform Reading

: 2.54E-05 mm./div.

13/06/52
0.2262 kg./div.
0.05 mm./min.

Depth, m.

:
:

Wet Dens.:

Height(H), cm.

6.00-6.50
5.41
: 12.06

Init. Area :

Dia.(D), cm.

Soil Weight, gm.

Sample Description:

Water Cont, %
Cap +PR Load, kg. :
Tested by

Dry Dens. :

453.36
10.04
0.208
VERAPOL

sq.cm.

22.99
1.635
1.486

gm/cc
gm/cc

SAMPLE AFTER TEST

Deform.

Load

Strain

Cor.

Axial

Dev.

Tangent

Secant

Area

Load

Stress

Modulus

Modulus

sq.cm

kPa

MPa

0.000

Rdg.

mm.

(div.)

0.0

0.000

20

3.6

0.000

22.99

10

4.4

0.00

40

5.5

0.001

22.99

14

6.2

435.41

735.56

60

7.2

0.001

22.99

18

7.8

389.57

620.23

qu =

23.1

kPa

80

8.7

0.002

22.99

21

9.3

343.73

551.11

cor. qu =

23.6

kPa

100

10.1

0.002

22.99

24

10.6

320.82

505.05

c = qu/2 =

11.5

kPa

120

11.2

0.003

22.99

27

11.7

252.06

462.88

cor. c =

140

12.0

0.003

22.99

29

12.5

183.31

422.95

160

13.2

0.003

22.99

31

13.6

274.98

404.45

180

14.0

0.004

22.99

33

14.4

183.31

379.88

200

14.9

0.004

22.99

35

15.3

206.23

362.51

250

15.9

0.005

22.99

37

16.2

91.65

308.34

300

17.0

0.006

22.99

40

17.3

100.81

273.75

350

17.9

0.007

22.99

42

18.2

82.48

246.43

400

18.7

0.008

22.99

44

18.9

73.31

224.79

450

19.0

0.009

22.99

44

19.2

27.48

202.86

500

19.9

0.011

22.99

46

20.1

82.47

190.82

550

20.5

0.012

22.99

48

20.67

54.97

178.47

600

20.9

0.013

22.99

48

21.05

36.64

166.65

650

21.7

0.014

22.99

50

21.83

73.30

159.47

700

22.5

0.015

22.99

52

22.60

73.30

153.32

750

22.9

0.016

22.99

53

22.98

36.64

145.54

800

23.0

0.017

22.99

53

23.08

9.14

137.01

850

23.0

0.018

22.99

53

23.08

-0.02

128.95

900

22.7

0.019

22.99

52

22.79

-27.52

120.26

950

22.0

0.020

22.99

51

22.11

-64.18

110.55

1000

21.0

0.021

22.99

49

21.15

-91.67

100.44

0.0

Strength

MPa

Properties

0.0

H/D ratio=

2.23

cor.factor =

0.976

1.21 T/m2

Tangent Modulus at 50 % qu
=

320.82 MPa

Secant Modulus at 50 % qu
=

505.05 MPa

25.0

20.0

DEVIATER STRESS, kPa

22.99

Summary of

15.0

10.0

5.0

0.0
0

0.005

0.01

0.015

STRAIN, %

0.02

0.025

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT


BANGKLA CHACHOENGSAO
Boring No.
BH-1
Sample No.
1

UNCONFINED COMPRESSION TEST

Project :
Location.

Testing Date

PR constant

Strain Rate

Deform Reading

: 2.54E-05 mm./div.

13/06/52
0.2262 kg./div.
0.05 mm./min.

Depth, m.

:
:

Wet Dens.:

Height(H), cm.

7.50-8.00
6.08
: 11.81

Init. Area :

Dia.(D), cm.

Soil Weight, gm.

Sample Description:

Water Cont, %
Cap +PR Load, kg. :
Tested by

Dry Dens. :

663.01
24.97
0.208
VERAPOL

sq.cm.

29.00
1.935
1.549

gm/cc
gm/cc

SAMPLE AFTER TEST

Deform.

Load

Strain

Cor.

Axial

Dev.

Tangent

Secant

Area

Load

Stress

Modulus

Modulus

sq.cm

kPa

MPa

0.000

Rdg.

mm.

(div.)

0.0

0.000

20

4.0

0.000

29.00

11

3.8

0.00

40

6.0

0.001

29.00

15

5.3

355.75

615.40

60

8.5

0.001

29.00

21

7.2

444.68

558.50

qu =

48.1

kPa

80

10.3

0.002

29.00

25

8.6

320.16

498.91

cor. qu =

47.8

kPa

100

12.8

0.002

29.00

30

10.5

444.67

488.06

c = qu/2 =

24.1

kPa

120

14.8

0.003

29.00

35

12.0

355.73

466.01

cor. c =

140

16.0

0.003

29.00

38

12.9

213.43

429.93

160

17.0

0.003

29.00

40

13.7

177.86

398.42

180

20.6

0.004

29.00

48

16.5

640.31

425.30

200

23.2

0.004

29.00

54

18.4

462.44

429.01

250

28.0

0.005

29.00

64

22.1

341.48

411.51

300

36.0

0.006

29.00

82

28.2

569.14

437.78

350

42.0

0.008

29.00

95

32.8

426.84

436.22

400

48.0

0.009

29.00

109

37.4

426.83

435.04

450

50.0

0.010

29.00

113

38.9

142.25

402.51

500

54.0

0.011

29.00

122

42.0

284.53

390.71

550

58.0

0.012

29.00

131

45.06

284.53

381.06

600

60.0

0.013

29.01

135

46.59

142.24

361.16

650

62.0

0.014

29.01

140

48.12

142.23

344.32

700

62.0

0.015

29.01

140

48.12

-0.05

319.72

750

61.0

0.016

29.01

137

47.36

-71.19

293.66

800

60.0

0.017

29.01

135

46.59

-71.19

270.86

0.0

Strength

MPa

Properties

0.0

H/D ratio=

1.94

cor.factor =

1.008

2
2.44 T/m

Tangent Modulus at 50 % qu
=

341.48 MPa

Secant Modulus at 50 % qu
=

411.51 MPa

50.0

40.0

DEVIATER STRESS, kPa

29.00

Summary of

30.0

20.0

10.0

0.0
0

0.005

0.01

STRAIN, %

0.015

0.02

TABLE 2

ATTERBERG LIMIT TEST


Sample Sheet

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

ATTERBERG LIMITS TEST

Project.

SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT

Location.

BANGKLA CHACHOENGSAO

Test No.

Boring. No.

BH - 1

Tested by.

LAMPRAI

Check by.

PANYA

Depth. (m.)

1.50-1.95
Water Content Determination

Liquid Limit Wl

Date.

16/6/2552

Plasttic Limit Wp

Container Number

B-27

B-28

B-59

B-21

Number of Blows

19

24

32

40

A-67

A-22

A-3

Plasticity index Ip = Wl - Wp

Wt. Wet Soil+Container

gm.

40.950 38.860 35.530 30.950 21.560 21.540 19.580 Flow Index If = Slope of Flow Curve

Wt. Dry Soil+Container

gm.

35.540 32.260 29.990 26.830 18.890 18.980 16.820

Wt. Water

gm.

5.410

6.600

5.540

4.120

2.670

2.560

2.760 Toughness Index It = Ip / If

Wt. Container

gm.

24.310 18.360 18.080 17.820

9.350

9.590

6.560

Wt. Dry Siol

gm.

11.230 13.900 11.910

9.010

9.540

9.390

10.260

Water Content

%.

48.17

45.73

27.99

27.26

26.90

Average (%)

47.48

46.52
47.34

Plasticity Index (lp) =

27.38
(WL)-(Wp) =

Activity of Clay A = Ip / (% by wt.<2u)

19.95

(%)

Water Content (%)


(Liquid Limit WL)

49.00

48.00
47.34

47.00

46.00

45.00
10

Number of Blows.

100

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

ATTERBERG LIMITS TEST

Project.

SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT

Location.

BANGKLA CHACHOENGSAO

Test No.

Boring. No.

BH - 1

Tested by.

LAMPRAI

Check by.

PANYA

Depth. (m.)

3.00-8.00
Water Content Determination

Liquid Limit Wl

Date.

16/6/2552

Plasttic Limit Wp

Container Number

B-61

B-55

B-34

B-73

Number of Blows

18

24

32

40

A-69

A-19

A-24 Plasticity index Ip = Wl - Wp

Wt. Wet Soil+Container

gm.

46.030 40.900 35.450 32.340 20.980 21.880 21.400 Flow Index If = Slope of Flow Curve

Wt. Dry Soil+Container

gm.

39.210 35.750 30.190 27.990 18.880 19.520 19.110

Wt. Water

gm.

6.820

5.150

5.260

4.350

2.100

2.360

2.290 Toughness Index It = Ip / If

Wt. Container

gm.

24.210 24.170 18.050 17.710

9.570

9.500

9.450

Wt. Dry Siol

gm.

15.000 11.580 12.140 10.280

9.310

10.020

9.660

Water Content

%.

45.47

22.56

23.55

23.71

Average (%)

44.47

43.33

42.32

44.27
Plasticity Index (lp) =

23.27
(WL)-(Wp) =

Activity of Clay A = Ip / (% by wt.<2u)

21.00

(%)

Water Content (%)


(Liquid Limit WL)

46.00

45.00
44.27

44.00

43.00

42.00
10

Number of Blows.

100

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

ATTERBERG LIMITS TEST

Project.

SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT

Location.

BANGKLA CHACHOENGSAO

Test No.

Boring. No.

BH - 1

Tested by.

LAMPRAI

Check by.

PANYA

Depth. (m.)

8.00-12.45
Water Content Determination

Liquid Limit Wl

Date.

16/6/2552

Plasttic Limit Wp

Container Number

B-44

B-24

B-17

B-19

Number of Blows

18

24

33

40

A-36

A-46

A-62 Plasticity index Ip = Wl - Wp

Wt. Wet Soil+Container

gm.

44.750 40.710 35.320 33.040 21.490 18.170 18.280 Flow Index If = Slope of Flow Curve

Wt. Dry Soil+Container

gm.

38.250 35.520 29.950 28.380 19.450 16.070 16.160

Wt. Water

gm.

6.500

5.190

5.370

4.660

2.040

2.100

2.120 Toughness Index It = Ip / If

Wt. Container

gm.

24.480 24.300 18.030 17.860

9.330

6.500

6.490

Wt. Dry Siol

gm.

13.770 11.220 11.920 10.520 10.120

9.570

9.670

Water Content

%.

47.20

21.94

21.92

Average (%)

46.26

45.05

44.30

20.16

46.08
Plasticity Index (lp) =

21.34
(WL)-(Wp) =

Activity of Clay A = Ip / (% by wt.<2u)

24.74

(%)

Water Content (%)


(Liquid Limit WL)

48.00

47.00

46.08

46.00

45.00

44.00
10

Number of Blows.

100

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

ATTERBERG LIMITS TEST

Project.

SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT

Location.

BANGKLA CHACHOENGSAO

Test No.

Boring. No.

BH - 1

Tested by.

LAMPRAI

Check by.

PANYA

Depth. (m.)

12.45-15.45
Water Content Determination

Liquid Limit Wl

Date.

16/6/2552

Plasttic Limit Wp

Container Number

B-38

B-42

B-26

B-80

Number of Blows

18

24

33

40

A-54

A-4

A-13 Plasticity index Ip = Wl - Wp

Wt. Wet Soil+Container

gm.

43.880 39.060 36.550 34.380 19.320 19.180 20.920 Flow Index If = Slope of Flow Curve

Wt. Dry Soil+Container

gm.

36.740 33.570 30.290 28.590 16.550 16.400 18.350

Wt. Water

gm.

7.140

5.490

6.260

5.790

2.770

2.780

2.570 Toughness Index It = Ip / If

6.510

6.540

9.430

Wt. Container

gm.

24.160 23.680 18.730 17.670

Wt. Dry Siol

gm.

12.580

9.890

11.560 10.920 10.040

9.860

8.920

Water Content

%.

56.76

55.51

54.15

28.19

28.81

Average (%)

53.02

27.59

55.34
Plasticity Index (lp) =

28.20
(WL)-(Wp) =

Activity of Clay A = Ip / (% by wt.<2u)

27.14

(%)

Water Content (%)


(Liquid Limit WL)

57.00

56.00
55.34

55.00

54.00

53.00
10

Number of Blows.

100

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

ATTERBERG LIMITS TEST

Project.

SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT

Location.

BANGKLA CHACHOENGSAO

Test No.

Boring. No.

BH - 1

Tested by.

LAMPRAI

Check by.

PANYA

Depth. (m.)

15.45-21.45
Water Content Determination

Liquid Limit Wl

Date.

16/6/2552

Plasttic Limit Wp

Container Number

B-52

B-48

B-43

B-25

Number of Blows

18

24

33

40

A-9

A-47

A-74 Plasticity index Ip = Wl - Wp

Wt. Wet Soil+Container

gm.

40.170 36.050 34.100 33.690 18.630 18.410 19.670 Flow Index If = Slope of Flow Curve

Wt. Dry Soil+Container

gm.

34.430 29.690 28.470 28.240 16.590 16.280 17.450

Wt. Water

gm.

5.740

6.360

5.630

5.450

2.040

2.130

2.220 Toughness Index It = Ip / If

Wt. Container

gm.

24.110 18.080 17.990 17.940

6.480

6.430

6.450

Wt. Dry Siol

gm.

10.320 11.610 10.480 10.300 10.110

9.850

11.000

Water Content

%.

55.62

21.62

20.18

Average (%)

54.78

53.72

52.91

20.18

54.61
Plasticity Index (lp) =

20.66
(WL)-(Wp) =

Activity of Clay A = Ip / (% by wt.<2u)

33.95

(%)

Water Content (%)


(Liquid Limit WL)

56.00

55.00
54.61

54.00

53.00

52.00
10

Number of Blows.

100

TABLE 3

SIEVE ANALYSIS
Sample Sheet

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.


Project :

SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT

Sample :

BH-1

Tested by: Lamprai

Location :

Bangkla Chachoengsao

Date of Test:

Depth,m :
1.50-1.95
Before Washing(Sieve No.200)

11-6-52

Water Content,% :
After Washed and Oven Dry

Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm
Wt.Container,gm
Wt.Dry Soil,gm

179.98 Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm


64.31 Wt.Container,gm
115.67 Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Wt.Dry Soil,gm

115.67 Washing Loss,gm

Sieve
Size
1 in.
3/4 in.
1/2 in.
3/8 in.
# 4
# 10
# 20
# 40
#100
#200

Sieve Wt.Soil Adj.Wt.


Oprning Retain Soil Ret.
mm.
gm
gm
25.40
19.05
12.70
9.53
4.75
2.00
0.85
0.17
0.17
0.42
0.75
0.74
0.15
2.30
2.27
0.075
1.10
1.08

Pan

0.02

Total

Wt.Soil
Retain
%

0.02

4.34

4.28

0.14
0.64
1.96
0.94

0.14
0.78
2.74
3.68

96.32

100.00

Weighted Error,%

BH-1

Tested by: Lamprai

Location :

Bangkla Chachoengsao

Date of Test:

Depth,m :

8.00-12.45

Wt.Dry Soil,gm

380.26 Washing Loss,gm

Sieve
Size

Sieve Wt.Soil
Adj.Wt.
Opening Retain Soil Ret.
mm.
gm
gm
1 in.
25.40
3/4 in.
19.05
1/2 in.
12.70
3/8 in.
9.53
# 4
4.75
17.87
17.81
# 10
2.00
25.11
25.02
# 20
0.85
12.50
12.46
# 40
0.42
8.16
8.13
#100
0.15
16.03
15.97
#200
0.075
25.12
25.03
0.14
104.93

Tested by: Lamprai

Bangkla Chachoengsao

Date of Test:

Depth,m :
3.00-8.00
Before Washing(Sieve No.200)

Wt.Soil
Retain
%

0.14
104.57

Cumulative
Soil Ret.
%

4.68
6.58
3.28
2.14
4.20
6.58

4.68
11.26
14.54
16.68
20.88
27.46

72.54

100.00

Weighted Error,%

1" 3/4" 1/2"3/8"

4#

10#

11-6-52

Water Content,% :
After Washed and Oven Dry

Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm
Wt.Container,gm
Wt.Dry Soil,gm

252.33 Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm


58.11 Wt.Container,gm
194.22 Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Wt.Dry Soil,gm

194.22 Washing Loss,gm

Sieve
Size

Sieve
Wt.Soil Adj.Wt.
Opening Retain Soil Ret.
mm.
gm
gm
25.40
19.05
12.70
9.53
4.75
0.31
0.31
2.00
2.55
2.56
0.85
2.97
2.98
0.42
2.93
2.94
0.15
21.52
21.57
0.075
7.97
7.99

1 in.
3/4 in.
1/2 in.
3/8 in.
# 4
# 10
# 20
# 40
#100
#200

-0.05

Pan

0.12

0.12

Total

38.37

38.46

Wt.Soil
Retain
%

0.16
1.32
1.53
1.51
11.11
4.11

0.16
1.48
3.01
4.52
15.63
19.74

80.26

100.00

Weighted Error,%

Sample :

BH-1

Tested by: Lamprai

Bangkla Chachoengsao

Date of Test:

Depth,m :

12.45-15.45

Before Washing(Sieve No.200)

275.69

Wt.Dry Soil,gm

245.69 Washing Loss,gm

95.32
88.74
85.46
83.32
79.12
72.54
-0.09

20#

40#

Sieve
Wt.Soil
Adj.Wt.
Opening Retain Soil Ret.
mm.
gm
gm
25.40
19.05
12.70
9.53
4.75
0.39
0.38
2.00
1.46
1.42
0.85
3.84
3.75
0.42
2.50
2.44
0.15
2.44
2.38
0.075
1.71
1.67

Pan

0.02

0.02

Total

12.36

12.06

100#

0.05

After Washed and Oven Dry

313.06 Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm


67.37 Wt.Container,gm
245.69 Wt.Dry Soil,gm

1 in.
3/4 in.
1/2 in.
3/8 in.
# 4
# 10
# 20
# 40
#100
#200

99.84
98.52
96.99
95.48
84.37
80.26

11-6-52

Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm
Wt.Container,gm
Wt.Dry Soil,gm
Sieve
Size

Percent
Finer
%

Water Content,% :

170.02
65.45
104.57
Percent
Finer
%

96.57
58.11
38.46
155.76

Cumulative
Soil Ret.
%

Location :

After Washed and Oven Dry

445.71 Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm


65.45 Wt.Container,gm
380.26 Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Pan

BH-1

Location :

99.86
99.22
97.26
96.32

Water Content,% :

Before Washing(Sieve No.200)

Sample :

Percent
Finer
%

11-6-52

Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm
Wt.Container,gm
Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Total

68.59
64.31
4.28
111.39

Cumulative
Soil Ret.
%

Sample :

100

SIEVE ANALYSIS (ASTM D-422)

Wt.Soil
Retain
%

Cumulative
Soil Ret.
%

0.15
0.58
1.53
0.99
0.97
0.68

0.15
0.73
2.26
3.25
4.22
4.90

95.10

100.00

Weighted Error,%

79.44
67.37
12.07
233.62
Percent
Finer
%

99.85
99.27
97.74
96.75
95.78
95.10
-0.12

200#

90

% Passing by Weight

80
70
60

Sample No.1

50

Sample No.2

40
30

Sample No.3

20

Sample No.4

10
0
100.00

10.00

1.00

GRAIN SIZE DISTRIBUTION CURVE

0.10

0.01

Diameter in Milimeter

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.


Project :

SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT

Sample :

BH-1

Tested by: Lamprai

Location :

Bangkla Chachoengsao

Date of Test:

Depth,m :
15.45-21.45
Before Washing(Sieve No.200)

Tested by:

Location :

Date of Test:

Depth,m :
Before Washing(Sieve No.200)

Water Content,% :
After Washed and Oven Dry

147.04
68.29
78.75

Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm
Wt.Container,gm
Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm
Wt.Container,gm
Wt.Dry Soil,gm

160.36

Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Washing Loss,gm

Water Content,% :
After Washed and Oven Dry

307.40 Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm


68.29 Wt.Container,gm
239.11 Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Wt.Dry Soil,gm

239.11 Washing Loss,gm

Sieve Wt.Soil Adj.Wt.


Oprning Retain Soil Ret.
mm.
gm
gm
25.40
19.05
12.70
9.53
4.75
6.73
6.73
2.00
18.01
18.01
0.85
18.21
18.21
0.42
10.64
10.64
0.15
14.88
14.88
0.075
10.25
10.25

1 in.
3/4 in.
1/2 in.
3/8 in.
# 4
# 10
# 20
# 40
#100
#200

Sample :
11-6-52

Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm
Wt.Container,gm
Wt.Dry Soil,gm
Sieve
Size

SIEVE ANALYSIS (ASTM D-422)

Pan

0.04

0.04

Total

78.76

78.75

Wt.Soil
Retain
%

Cumulative
Soil Ret.
%

2.81
7.53
7.61
4.45
6.22
4.29

2.81
10.35
17.96
22.41
28.63
32.92

67.08

100.00

Weighted Error,%

Percent
Finer
%

Sieve
Size

Sieve
Wt.Soil Adj.Wt.
Opening Retain Soil Ret.
mm.
gm
gm
25.40
19.05
12.70
9.53
4.75
2.00
0.85
0.42
0.15
0.075

1 in.
3/4 in.
1/2 in.
3/8 in.
# 4
# 10
# 20
# 40
#100
#200

97.19
89.65
82.04
77.59
71.37
67.08

Wt.Soil
Retain
%

Cumulative
Soil Ret.
%

Pan
0.00

Total

0.00

0.00

Weighted Error,%

Sample :

Tested by:

Sample :

Tested by:

Location :

Date of Test:

Location :

Date of Test:

Depth,m :

Water Content,% :

Before Washing(Sieve No.200)

Depth,m :

After Washed and Oven Dry

Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm
Wt.Container,gm
Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm
Wt.Container,gm
Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Washing Loss,gm

Sieve
Size

Sieve Wt.Soil
Adj.Wt.
Opening Retain Soil Ret.
mm.
gm
gm
1 in.
25.40
3/4 in.
19.05
1/2 in.
12.70
3/8 in.
9.53
# 4
4.75
# 10
2.00
# 20
0.85
# 40
0.42
#100
0.15
#200
0.075

Wt.Soil
Retain
%

Cumulative
Soil Ret.
%

Percent
Finer
%

Water Content,% :

Before Washing(Sieve No.200)

After Washed and Oven Dry

Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm
Wt.Container,gm
Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Wt.Cont.+Dry Soil,gm
Wt.Container,gm
Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Wt.Dry Soil,gm

Washing Loss,gm

Percent
Finer
%

Sieve
Size

Sieve
Wt.Soil
Adj.Wt.
Opening Retain Soil Ret.
mm.
gm
gm
25.40
19.05
12.70
9.53
4.75
2.00
0.85
0.42
0.15
0.075

1 in.
3/4 in.
1/2 in.
3/8 in.
# 4
# 10
# 20
# 40
#100
#200

Pan

#DIV/0!

Wt.Soil
Retain
%

Cumulative
Soil Ret.
%

Percent
Finer
%

Pan

Total

0.00

100

0.00

Weighted Error,%

1" 3/4" 1/2"3/8"

4#

10#

#DIV/0!

20#

Total

40#

0.00

100#

0.00

Weighted Error,%

#DIV/0!

200#

90

% Passing by Weight

80
70
60

Sample No.1

50

Sample No.2

40
30

Sample No.3

20

Sample No.4

10
0
100.00

10.00

1.00

GRAIN SIZE DISTRIBUTION CURVE

0.10

0.01

Diameter in Milimeter

TABLE 4

UNIT WEIGHT TEST


Sample Sheet

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.


Project : SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT

Job No.:

Location : BANGKLA CHACHOENGSAO

Tested by:

UNIT WEIGHT

Date: 16 / 06 / 52

SIRIPORN

Checked by:

Unit Weight
(gm/cm3)

Depth

Wt. of soil

Height.

Diameter

(m)

(gm)

(cm)

(cm)

Volume.
(cm3)

BH. - 1

1.50-1.95
3.00-3.50
6.00-6.50
7.50-8.00
9.00-9.45
10.50-10.95
12.00-12.45
13.50-13.95
15.00-15.45
18.00-18.45

151.56
455.43
453.36
663.01
149.60
169.23
164.78
157.23
157.18
160.85

7.76
11.83
12.06
11.81
7.57
7.68
7.57
7.34
7.45
7.57

3.67
5.65
5.41
6.08
3.56
3.76
3.76
3.77
3.77
3.77

82.10
296.64
277.26
342.93
75.36
85.29
84.07
81.95
83.17
84.51

1.85
1.54
1.64
1.93
1.99
1.98
1.96
1.92
1.89
1.90

BH. - 2

3.00-3.50 515.23
4.50-5.00 455.03
6.00-6.50 480.98
7.50-8.00 439.19
9.00-9.50 538.22
10.50-10.95 158.25
12.00-12.45 160.74
UNIT WEIGHT =

11.92
11.92
11.97
11.97
12.08
7.63
7.83

5.47
5.21
5.51
5.49
5.69
3.64
3.71

280.15
254.15
285.46
283.39
307.21
79.41
84.66

1.84
1.79
1.68
1.55
1.75
1.99
1.90

Boring No

Wt. of soil.

Volme.

TABLE 5

WATER CONTENT TEST


Sample Sheet

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.


PROJECT : SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT
JOB No.
TESTED BY : LAMPRAI
Sample
No.
BH -1

WATER CONTENT

LOCATION : BANGKLA CHACHOENGSAO


DATE : 11/ 06 / 52
CHECKED BY : PANYA

Depth. Container Wt. Of Cont.


(m.)
No.
(gm.)
0.00-1.95
E-8
64.31
3.00-3.50
C-32
16.82
6.00-6.50
C-15
14.14
7.50-8.00
C-7
13.30
8.00-12.45
E-9
65.45
12.45-15.45 E-13
67.37
15.45-21.45 E-17
68.29

Wt. Of Cont.+ Wt. Of Cont.+ Wt. Of


Wt. Water
Wet Soil(gm.) Dry Soil(gm) Dry Soil(gm) (gm)
215.83
179.98
115.67
35.85
100.57
68.57
51.75
32.00
106.77
72.02
57.88
34.75
175.73
135.19
121.89
40.54
517.88
445.71
380.26
72.17
377.92
313.06
245.69
64.86
355.34
307.40
239.11
47.94

Water
Content %
30.99
61.84
60.04
33.26
18.98
26.40
20.05

BH -2

3.00-3.50
4.50-5.00
6.00-6.50
7.50-8.00
9.00-9.50
9.50-12.45
12.45-16.95

C-109
C-91
C-89
C-92
C-80
E-1
E-11

19.54
16.49
19.00
21.75
18.82
68.66
64.50

215.94
153.42
124.34
199.90
166.73
390.28
441.10

160.58
100.07
86.79
132.11
124.38
327.99
376.88

141.04
83.58
67.79
110.36
105.56
259.33
312.38

55.36
53.35
37.55
67.79
42.35
62.29
64.22

39.25
63.83
55.39
61.43
40.12
24.02
20.56

BH -3

3.00-3.50
4.50-5.00
6.00-6.50
7.50-8.00
8.00-10.95
10.95-18.45

C-18
C-61
C-68
C-105
E-7
E-19

13.73
19.17
18.52
20.38
70.35
70.48

254.37
323.13
317.72
268.74
379.00
675.65

156.88
217.20
208.84
193.34
326.87
556.63

143.15
198.03
190.32
172.96
256.52
486.15

97.49
105.93
108.88
75.40
52.13
119.02

68.10
53.49
57.21
43.59
20.32
24.48

WATER CONTENT

= Wt, of Weter 100


Wt.of Dry Soil

TABLE 6

Consolidation Test
Sample Sheet

CONSOLIDATION TEST (ASTM D 2435)

NONGSAENG SARABURI

SOIL DESCRIPTION
Applied
Scale

Pressure

Dial Reading Dial Change

Load

STIFF CLAY
Final
Cumulative

BORING NO.

: BH-2R

SAMPLE NO.

0.85

DEPTH (m)

: 01.50-02.00

TESTED BY

: RAWAT K.

DATE

: 29/09-02/10/2009

MADE BY

: M. SUKMOL
27.62

Initial Water Content, Wni


Final Water Content, Wnf

22.80

%
%

h, (cm)

Initial Void Ratio, e0

0.807

0.000

0.0000

Initial Total Unit Weight, ti

1.92

t/m

0.650

40

0.0102

Final Total Unit Weight, tf

2.05

t/m

5.00

1.300

100

0.0254

Specific Gravity, Gs

2.689

10.00

2.600

235

0.0597

Liquid Limit, LL

20.00

5.201

440

0.1118

40.00

10.401

688

0.1748

80.00

20.803

995

0.2527

160.00

41.606

1480

40.00

10.401

1360

10.00

2.600

2.50

0.650

(kg)

0.00
2.50

Plasticity Index, PI

Sample Height, H0

2.52

cm

Sample Area, A

21.401

cm

0.3759

Wt.of Dry Sample, Ws

80.25

gm

0.3454

Height of Solid, Hs

1.395

cm

1178

0.2992

Effective Overburden Pressure, 'vo

3.36

t/m

1072

0.2723

Preconsolidation Pressure, 'vm

33.00

t/m

Over Consolidation Ratio, OCR

9.821

Applied

Sample

Void

Pressure

Height

Height

(t/m2)

H, (cm)

Hv, (cm)

0.00

2.5200

1.1255

0.8071

2.50

2.5098

1.1153

5.00

2.4946

1.1001

10.00

2.4603

20.00
33.00

Cv (0.0001 cm/sec)

'vm
0.75

(0.0001")

(t/m )

0.50

Fitting Time

Height

t90

t50

0.848 x Ha

0.197 x Ha

Ha, (cm)

(sec)

(sec)

4 x t90

4 x t50

t90

t50

0.7998

2.5149

1109

420

12.086

7.417

1.949

1.196

0.7889

2.5022

1815

702

7.313

4.393

1.769

1.063

1.0658

0.7643

2.4775

1622

558

8.020

5.417

2.183

1.474

2.4082

1.0137

0.7269

2.4343

821

348

15.294

8.386

3.160

1.733

2.3452

0.9507

0.6818

2.3767

1325

414

9.036

6.720

1.737

1.292

80.00

2.2673

0.8728

0.6258

2.3063

2018

780

5.587

3.358

0.368

0.221

160.00

2.1441

0.7496

0.5375

2.2057

1270

426

8.124

5.624

0.496

0.344

40.00

2.1746

0.7800

0.5594

2.1593

10.00

2.2208

0.8263

0.5925

2.1977

2.50

2.2477

0.8532

0.6118

2.2343

Hs

= Ws / Gw .A

2)

Cv

= 0.848 Ha / 4t90
= 0.197 Ha / 4t50

3)

Coef. of Permea
k x 10-8 (cm/sec)

= (Cv.e.w) / (1+e0)

0.65

0.55

e = Hv/Hs

1)

0.70

0.60

Void Ratio Ave. Sample

Notes :

Cr = 0.058
Cc = 0.292
Cs = 0.041

0.80

Void Ratio, e

LOCATION

POWER GENERATION SUPPLY

Coef. of Consolidation, cv x 10-4


(cm2/sec)

100
t90

t50

t90

t50

10

1
10

Coef. of Permeability, k x 10-8 (cm/sec)

PROJECT

ASTM TESTING CO., LTD.

0.1

10

100

1000

Pressure (t/m2)
FM-GE-05-13

R00

30/05/2005

\\labtest\conso\Lab ConsoBH-2

CONSOLIDATION TEST (ASTM D 2435)

ASTM TESTING CO., LTD.

PROJECT

POWER GENERATION SUPPLY

BORING NO.

: BH-2R

SAMPLE NO.
LOCATION

NONGSAENG SARABURI

DEPTH (m)
SOIL TYPE

WATER CONTENT

BEGIN

END

TESTED BY

: RAWAT K.

DATE

: 29/09-02/10/2009

: 01.50-02.00

CHECKED BY : SOMPOL I.

: STIFF CLAY

DATE

: 05/10/2009

MADE BY

: M. SUKMOL

UNIT WEIGHT

BEGIN

END

APPARATUS

R-5

R-32

A-29

Wt. OF SOIL + RING

(gm)

1111.98

COSOLIDOMETER NO.

R-2

Wt. OF CONTAINER

(gm)

10.57

10.48

24.80

Wt. OF RING

(gm)

1008.50

LEVER ARM RATIO

8.23

Wt. OF WET SOIL + CONTAINER

(gm)

45.32

54.05

123.35

Wt. OF SOIL

(gm)

103.48

98.55

RING NO.

R-2

53.93

48.10

DIAMETER, D

(cm)

21.401
2.52

CONTAINER NO.

Wt. OF DRY SOIL + CONTAINER

(gm)

37.75

44.68

105.05

VOLUME OF SOIL

(cm )
(t/m )

1.919

2.049

SAMPLE AREA, A

(cm )

(%)

27.62

22.80

SAMPLE HEIGHT, H0

(cm)

Wt OF WATER

(gm)

7.57

9.37

18.30

TOTAL UNIT Wt., t

Wt. OF DRY SOIL, Ws

(gm)

27.18

34.20

80.25

AVE. WATER CONTENT

WATER CONTENT, Wn

(%)

27.85

LIQUID LIMIT, LL

PLASTICITY INDEX, PI

27.40

22.80

DRY UNIT Wt., d

(t/m )

SPECIFIC GRAVITY, Gs

1.503

1.668

(cm )

VOLUME, V

2.689

SOLID HEIGHT, Hs

5.22

53.930

= Ws / (Gs . W . A)
=

1.395

cm.

APPLIED

SCALE

FINAL DIAL

CUM. DIAL

SAMPLE HEIGHT

VOID HEIGHT

VOID RATIO

AVERAGE

FITTING TIME

COEF. OF CONSLIDATION

PRESSURE

LOAD

READING

CHANGE

H = H0-h

Hv = H-Hs

e = Hv/ Hs

SAMPLE HEIGHT

(min)

CV, (0.0001 cm2/sec)

(t/m2)

(kg)

(0.0001 in)

h, (cm)

(cm)

(cm)

0.00

0.000

0.0000

2.5200

1.1255

0.8071

2.50

0.650

40

0.0102

2.5098

1.1153

0.7998

2.5149

18.49

5.00

1.300

100

0.0254

2.4946

1.1001

0.7889

2.5022

10.00

2.600

235

0.0597

2.4603

1.0658

0.7643

20.00

5.201

440

0.1118

2.4082

1.0137

0.7269

40.00

10.401

688

0.1748

2.3452

0.9507

80.00

20.803

995

0.2527

2.2673

160.00

41.606

1480

0.3759

40.00

10.401

1360

0.3454

10.00

2.600

1178

2.50

0.650

1072

0.848 x Ha2

0.197 x Ha2

4 x t90

4 x t50

7.00

12.086

7.417

30.25

11.70

7.313

4.393

2.4775

27.04

9.30

8.020

5.417

2.4343

13.69

5.80

15.294

8.386

0.6818

2.3767

22.09

6.90

9.036

6.720

0.8728

0.6258

2.3063

33.64

13.00

5.587

3.358

2.1441

0.7496

0.5375

2.2057

21.16

7.10

8.124

5.624

2.1746

0.7800

0.5594

2.1593

0.2992

2.2208

0.8263

0.5925

2.1977

0.2723

2.2477

0.8532

0.6118

2.2343

Hav, (cm)

t90

t50

datamain\labtest\conso\Lab ConsoBH-2

TABLE 7

Field permeability test


Sample Sheet

Field Permeability Test


(Constant Head)
PROJECT: SIAM ENERGY POWER PLANT

DATE :09 June 2009

Location : Bangkla Chacherngsao

Hole Diameter : 10 cm.


Hole
Depth Casing
No.
of Test Depth
Sample Shee (m.)
(m.)
BH-1

BH-2

BH-3

BH-4

BH-5

BH-6

BH-7

BH-8

BH-17

10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

Height of Casing Above Ground :


Length G.W.L Elapsed Water
of Test
Time
Flow
(m.)
(m.)
(sec)
(cc)
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00

1.10
1.10
1.10
2.00
2.00
2.00
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.96
1.50
1.50
1.50
0.96
0.96
0.96
2.00
2.00
2.00

300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
Average

110
70
60
190
110
90
160
100
80
180
90
80
120
80
50
110
70
70
285
190
110
130
80
70
200
110
80

0.50 m.
Permebility
Coefficient
(cm/sec.)
2.31 E - 06
1.47 E - 06
1.26 E - 06
2.56 E - 06
1.48 E - 06
1.21 E - 06
2.69 E - 06
1.68 E - 06
1.34 E - 06
3.03 E - 06
1.51 E - 06
1.35 E - 06
2.77 E - 06
1.84 E - 06
1.15 E - 06
2.54 E - 06
1.61 E - 06
1.61 E - 06
4.80 E - 06
3.20 E - 06
1.85 E - 06
3.00 E - 06
1.84 E - 06
1.61 E - 06
4.04 E - 06
1.48 E - 06
1.08 E - 06
2.09 E- 06

Table 8
Soil Resistivity Test Data
Sample sheet

SOIL RESISTIVITY TEST

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

TEST NO: R-1

Project: Saraburi B Cogeneration Company Limited


Location: Nong kae Industrial Estate Saraburi Province
Ground Condition: FLAT

Position: N
E
Ground Ele.:
Date: 11/2/53
Test by: Phisit

Machine: Megger DET4TD2


S/N No.1038
Distance (m)
0.50
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00

Measured Resistance ()


E-W
N-S
60.00
38.20
14.00
9.00
5.00
5.00
4.00
0.45
4.00
0.34
3.00
0.30
Average Resistivity

Ground Resistivity (-m)


E-W
N-S
Average
188.496
120.009
154.252
87.965
56.549
72.257
62.832
62.832
62.832
75.398
8.482
41.940
100.531
8.545
54.538
94.248
9.425
51.836
101.578
44.307
72.943

Distance (m)

1
2

E-W

N-S

4
5

Average

6
0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

200

Ground Resistivity (-m)

Note:

The apparent soil resistivity is then given by


=2aR (-m)

where:-

 = ground resistivity in -m


 = 3.1415927
a = electrode spacing in metres
R = measured resistance in  at spacing 'a'

R-1
Inspector: Satit

Project Engineer: Suchat


Project Manager: Weraphol
Project Owner: i-ASTM

Table 9
Down Hole Seismic Test Data
Sample sheet

Summary of Seismic waves travel time and velocityof the site


Saraburi B CoGeneration

Ts
Depth
(m)
1.0

Tp

Shear wave(Vs)

(Milli Sec.) (Milli Sec.) Velocity(m/s)*1000

Comp. wave(Vp)
Velocity(m/s)*1000

1.82

0.31

0.55

5.41

2.99

0.37

0.67

3.0

7.89

3.95

0.38

0.76

4.0

9.52

4.60

0.42

0.87
0.89

2.0

3.23

5.0

11.36

5.62

0.44

6.0

10.34

5.56

0.58

1.08

7.0

12.07

5.69

0.58

1.23
1.49

8.0

10.81

5.37

0.74

9.0

11.69

5.81

0.77

1.55

10.0

11.90

6.29

0.84

1.59
1.45

11.0

13.92

7.59

0.79

12.0

13.48

6.82

0.89

1.76
1.65

13.0

15.48

7.88

0.84

14.0

15.91

7.91

0.88

1.77

15.0

14.29

7.50

1.05

2.00
1.74

16.0

18.60

9.20

0.86

17.0

17.71

8.42

0.96

2.02

18.0

18.75

9.23

0.96

1.95
2.07
1.89

19.0

17.76

9.18

1.07

19.4

20.00

10.26

0.97

Velocity(m./sec.)

500

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

Depth(m.)

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Saraburi B CoGeneration
Down Hole Seismic Results - BH-3

Compression Wave

Shear Wave

Dynamic Elastic Moduli (BH-03) : SBC


Depth (m)

G = Shear modulus, MPa

v = Poisson's ratio

E = Young modulus, MPa K = Bulk modulus, MPa

G = UVs g

v = (0.5-VR^2)/(1-VR^2)

E = 2G.(1+v)

K = UVp2g

1.0

190

0.27

480.85

59.72

2.0

270

0.28

692.25

88.63

3.0

303

0.33

808.26

121.24

4.0

367

0.35

988.39

157.30

5.0

402

0.34

1076.88

164.62

6.0

626

0.30

1623.52

216.95

7.0

668

0.36

1812.06

300.27

8.0

1161

0.34

3102.32

470.61

9.0

1257

0.34

3358.68

509.28

10.0

1422

0.31

3716.51

509.63

11.0

1252

0.29

3226.50

421.65

12.0

1589

0.33

4219.86

621.22

13.0

1408

0.33

3730.73

543.16

14.0

1569

0.34

4192.20

634.81

15.0

2406

0.31

6302.00

872.85

16.0

1614

0.34

4320.02

660.66

17.0

2011

0.35

5446.42

890.40

18.0

2011

0.34

5389.83

829.76

19.0

2451

0.32

6458.94

935.02

19.4

2053

0.32

5425.31

779.48

Table 10
Dutch Cone penetration Test Data
Sample sheet

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

DUTCH CONE
TEST NO. DC-1 (SBC)

Project : Saraburi B Cogeneration Company Limited


Place & location : Nong Kae Industrial Estate
Ground condition : Flat Area
Equipment max. load 5.0 tons :

Coordinate N E ...
Ground ele.,m. .
Total depth,m. 15.00
(G)Gauge no. Pressure correction,ksc.

3.70

Sleeve diam. cm., :

3.70

A :(0-16 ksc.)

1.03*(Reading,div. - 0.65)

Cone project area,cm2 10.75

Sleeve height ,cm.:

13.50

B :(0-80 ksc.)

0.88*(Reading,div.) +1.75

Cone weight ,kg.

Sleeve area,cm2. :

156.92

C :(0-250 ksc.)

0.96*(Reading,div. -2.0)

11.28

D :(0-400 ksc.)

1.04*(Reading,div.)

Cone Diameter

:
:

Rod weight , kg./rod

1.60
1.57

Piston area,cm2

Rod (G) Depth Reading,div.


Qc
no.
m.
a
b
t/m2
1 B
0.0
10
18
112.2
1 B
0.2
10
18
112.2
1 B
0.4
12
22
130.6
1 B
0.6
12
22
130.6
2 B
0.8
12
20
132.1
2 B
1.0
10
22
113.6
2 B
1.2
10
20
113.6
2 B
1.4
10
20
113.6
2 B
1.6
6
20
76.7
3 B
1.8
14
30
152.0
3 B
2.0
12
26
133.6
3 B
2.2
14
32
152.0
3 B
2.4
10
24
115.1
3 B
2.6
10
28
115.1
4 B
2.8
10
22
116.5
4 B
3.0
10
20
116.5
4 B
3.2
16
30
171.9
4 B
3.4
22
44
227.3
4 B
3.6
30
50
301.2
5 B
3.8
32
56
321.1
5 B
4.0
34
64
339.6
5 B
4.2
32
64
321.1
5 B
4.4
32
66
321.1
5 B
4.6
32
58
321.1
6 B
4.8
38
60
378.0
6 B
5.0
32
62
322.6
6 B
5.2
36
58
359.5
6 B
5.4
36
60
359.5
6 B
5.6
34
56
341.1
7 B
5.8
36
58
361.0
7 B
6.0
36
60
361.0
7 B
6.2
42
76
416.4
7 C
6.4
60
70
594.5
7 C
6.6
55
90
544.1
8 C
6.8
60
85
595.9
8 C
7.0
60
85
595.9
8 C
7.2
65
105
646.3
8 C
7.4
70
100
696.7
8 C
7.6
60
85
595.9
9 C
7.8
60
90
597.4
9 C
8.0
70
110
698.1
9 C
8.2
65
90
647.8
9 C
8.4
75
105
748.5
9 C
8.6
75
105
748.5
10 C
8.8
65
95
649.2
10 C
9.0
75
100
750.0
10 C
9.2
60
90
598.9
10 C
9.4
65
90
649.2
10 C
9.6
60
85
598.9
11 C
9.8
65
90
650.7
11 C 10.0
65
90
650.7
Test date 17/2/2010
Test by: Pisit

Qs
Qs/Qc
Qf
Qb
Rod (G) Depth Reading,div.
Qc
Qs
Qs/Qc
Qf
t/m2
%
t/m
t/m2
no.
m.
a
b
t/m2
t/m2
%
t/m
5.1
4.5
0.9
37.4
11 C 10.0
65
90
650.7
17.3
2.7 133.5
5.1
4.5
1.8
37.4
11 C
10.2
55
100
550.0
31.1
5.6 139.1
6.3
4.8
3.0
43.5
11 C
10.4
55
110
550.0
38.0
6.9 145.9
6.3
4.8
4.1
43.5
11 C
10.6
60
120
600.3
41.4
6.9 153.3
5.1
3.8
5.0
44.0
12 C
10.8
75
125
752.9
34.5
4.6 159.6
7.6
6.7
6.4
37.9
12 C 11.0
80
115
803.2
24.2
3.0 163.9
6.3
5.6
7.5
37.9
12 C
11.2
75
115
752.9
27.6
3.7 168.9
6.3
5.6
8.7
37.9
12 C
11.4
75
115
752.9
27.6
3.7 173.8
8.9
11.5
10.2
25.6
12 C 11.6
70
120
702.5
34.5
4.9 180.0
10.1
6.7
12.1
50.7
13 C
11.8
70
120
704.0
34.5
4.9 186.3
8.9
6.6
13.7
44.5
13 C 12.0
70
115
704.0
31.1
4.4 191.9
11.4
7.5
15.7
50.7
13 C
12.2
85
105
855.1
13.8
1.6 194.3
8.9
7.7
17.3
38.4
13 C
12.4
70
100
704.0
20.7
2.9 198.1
11.4
9.9
19.4
38.4
13 C
12.6
70
100
704.0
20.7
2.9 201.8
7.6
6.5
20.7
38.8
14 C
12.8
60
95
604.7
24.2
4.0 206.1
6.3
5.4
21.9
38.8
14 C 13.0
60
100
604.7
27.6
4.6 211.1
8.9
5.2
23.5
57.3
14 C
13.2
60
105
604.7
31.1
5.1 216.7
13.9
6.1
26.0
75.8
14 C
13.4
60
110
604.7
34.5
5.7 222.9
12.7
4.2
28.2 100.4
14 C
13.6
75
100
755.8
17.3
2.3 226.0
15.2
4.7
31.0 107.0
15 C
13.8
70
105
706.9
24.2
3.4 230.4
19.0
5.6
34.4 113.2
15 C 14.0
75
105
757.3
20.7
2.7 234.1
20.2
6.3
38.0 107.0
15 C
14.2
70
100
706.9
20.7
2.9 237.8
21.5
6.7
41.9 107.0
15 C
14.4
75
95
757.3
13.8
1.8 240.3
16.4
5.1
44.9 107.0
15 C
14.6
65
100
656.5
24.2
3.7 244.6
13.9
3.7
47.4 126.0
16 C
14.8
70
105
708.4
24.2
3.4 249.0
19.0
5.9
50.8 107.5
16 C 15.0
70
110
708.4
27.6
3.9 254.0
13.9
3.9
53.3 119.8
15.2
4.2
56.0 119.8
------------------------------------13.9
4.1
58.5 113.7
Ended of testing at 15.00 meters depth.
13.9
3.9
61.0 120.3
15.2
4.2
63.8 120.3
21.5
5.2
67.6 138.8
6.9
1.2
68.9 198.2
24.2
4.4
73.2 181.4
17.3
2.9
76.3 198.6
17.3
2.9
79.4 198.6
27.6
4.3
84.4 215.4
20.7
3.0
88.1 232.2
17.3
2.9
91.2 198.6
20.7
3.5
95.0 199.1
27.6
4.0
99.9 232.7
17.3
2.7 103.0 215.9
20.7
2.8 106.8 249.5
20.7
2.8 110.5 249.5
20.7
3.2 114.2 216.4
17.3
2.3 117.3 250.0
20.7
3.5 121.0 199.6
17.3
2.7 124.2 216.4
17.3
2.9 127.3 199.6
17.3
2.7 130.4 216.9
17.3
2.7 133.5 216.9
Calculated by : Nontasate
Checked by :
W.Pramot
Qb=*Qc ;
where Qb = Ultimate pile tip bearing capacity,(t/m2)

Qf = L*f*Qs ; where :
Qf = Ultimate pile shaft friction,(t/m)
L = Embedded pile length,(m)
f = Adhesion factor,use 0.9 for all cases
Qs = Local cone shaft friction,(t/m2)
= (b-a)*(gauge correction)/(Sleeve area)

Qb
t/m2
216.9
183.3
183.3
200.1
251.0
267.7
251.0
251.0
234.2
234.7
234.7
285.0
234.7
234.7
201.6
201.6
201.6
201.6
251.9
235.6
252.4
235.6
252.4
218.8
236.1
236.1

 = Cone resistance factor, use 1/3


Qc = Local cone resistance,(t/m2)
=((a*(gauge correction))+(no.rod)*(rod weight))/(cone project area)
a= Cone resistance reading,(div.)
b= a+ Friction reading,(div.)
Sheet1..of1..

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.


PROJECT

LOCATION

DUTCH CONE PENETRATION TEST

Saraburi B Cogeneration Company Limited

Nong Kae Industrial Estate

TEST NO.

DC-1

TESTED BY

Phisit

DEPTH (m)

15.00

DATE

17/02/2010

N :

COMPUTED BY :

Nontasate

E :

DATE

03/03/2010

COORD.

Saraburi Province
:

Flat Area

ELEV. (m)

10

DEPTH (m)

DEPTH (m)

DEPTH (m)

STA.

10

10

11

11

11

12

12

12

13

13

13

14

14

14

15

15

15

16

16

16

17

17

17

18

18

18

19

19

19

20

20

20
0

CONE RESISTANCE
2

Qc ( x1000 t/m )

20

40

60

LOCAL FRICTION
2

Qs (t/m )

80

100

10

15

FRICTION RATIO
Qs/Qc (%)

20

Table 11
Compaction and CBR Test Data
Sample sheet

COMPACTION TEST(ASTM D1140 - 54)

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.


TESTED BY

GROUP LAB

DATE

15-05-53

CHECK BY

SOMCHAI

DATE

17-05-53

TEST PIT NO :
PROJECT

MEGA BANGNA SHOPPING CENTER

DEPTH (m)

BANGKOK - THAILAND
LOCATION

SOURCE

MATERIAL

: EMBANKMENT (CRUSHED ROCK)

TYPE OF TEST

STANDARD PROCTOR

WEIGHT OF HAMMER (lb.)

5.5

MOLD DIAMETER (cm)

10.100

DROP HEIGHT (in.)

12

MOLD HEIGHT (cm)

12.105

NUMBER OF LAYER

970.224

NUMBER OF BLOWS/LAYER

25

MOLD VOLUME (cm

A. WET & DRY DENSITY


1

TEST NO.

WT. OF MOLD + COMPACTED SOIL

(gm)

3767

3905

3926

3868

WT. OF MOLD

(gm)

1661

1661

1661

1661

MOLD NO.

WT. OF COMPACTED SOIL

(gm)

2106

2244

2265

2207

WET DENSITY, WD

(t/m)

2.171

2.313

2.335

2.275

DRY DENSITY, DD = WD/(1+w/100)

(t/m)

2.035

2.131

2.115

2.035

A-29

A-30

A-26

A-37

B. WATER CONTENT
CONTAINER NO.
WT. OF CONTAINER

(gm)

32.40

43.70

26.50

32.00

WT. OF CONTAINER + WET SOIL

(gm)

238.10

188.60

209.30

226.80

WT. OF CONTAINER + DRY SOIL

(gm)

225.20

177.20

192.10

206.30

WT. OF WATER, W w

(gm)

12.90

11.40

17.20

20.50

WT. OF DRY SOIL, W d

(gm)

192.80

133.50

165.60

174.30

WATER CONTENT, w = (W w/Wd)x100

(%)

6.69

8.54

10.39

11.76

C. RESULTS
MAX. DRY DENSITY, MDD (t/m)

2.137

OPT. MOISTURE CONTENT, OMC (%)

9.40

2.2

2.1

Dry Density (t/m)

2.0

1.9

1.8

1.7

1.6
5

10

11

12

13

14

15

Water Content (%)

TP-1

DATAMAIN\LABTEST\COMPACTION\Compaction-Silaporn-15-05-2010.xls

ASTM D 1883 / AASHTO T 193 / .-. 109 (DH-T 109)

CALIFORNIA BEARING RATIO (CBR) TEST


PROJECT

LOCATION

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

TESTED BY

GROUP LAB

DEPTH (m) :

CRUSHED ROCK

DATE

19/05/2553

SOURCE

INPUT BY

DATE

CRUSHED ROCK

CHECKED BY

DATE

MEGA BANGNA SHOPPING CENTER

SAMPLE

BANGKOK-THAILAND

.
TEST CONDITION :

MATERIAL

SOAKED

20/05/2553

21/05/2553

TEST NO. 1

TEST NO. 2

TEST NO. 3

T-99

T-99

T-99

NO. OF LAYER

NO. OF BLOWS / LAYER

12

25

56

1. COMPACTION DATA (BEFORE SOAKING)


COMPACTION TYPE(MODIFIED OR STANDARD)

DIAMETER OF MOLD,

(cm)

15.21

15.13

15.16

HEIGHT OF SAMPLE,

(cm)

17.82

17.81

17.80

WT. OF SAMPLE,

W1

(kg)

4.429

4.849

5.210

VOLUME OF SAMPLE,

(m)

0.0022

0.0022

0.0022

WET DENSITY,

t =

(t/m)

2.013

2.204

2.368

Optimum Water Content(From Compaction test)

(%)

9.40

9.40

9.40

DRY DENSITY,

(t/m)

1.840

2.015

2.165

d =

W1 / V

t / (1+ w/100)

2. WATER ABSORPTION (AFTER SOAKING)


WATER CONTENT

(%)

9.82

9.51

9.45

WT. OF SAMPLE,

W2

(kg)

4.540

4.915

5.240

% ABSORPTION,

{(W 2-W 1) / W 1} * 100

(%)

2.51

1.36

0.58

3. SWELLING MEASUREMENT
DATE

TIME

ELAPSED TIME

GAGE RDG.

(hrs)

(div)

% SWELL

GAGE RDG.

% SWELL

GAGE RDG.

(div)

% SWELL

(div)

15/05/2553

09.40

0.000

0.000

0.000

16/05/2553

09.40

24

0.009

0.004

0.001

18/05/2553

09.40

24

0.010

0.004

0.001

19/05/2553

09.40

24

0.010

0.004

0.001

20/05/2553

09.40

24

0.010

0.004

0.001

LOAD, R

PRESSURE

56Blows(div)

(psi)

GAGE ACCURACY (in./div)

SURCHARGE (lbs)

0.001

10

4. PENETRATION TEST
PENETRATION

LOAD, R

PRESSURE

LOAD, R

(in)

12Blows(div)

(psi)

25Blows(div)

0.000

0.025

120

17.52

390

109.04

450

129.38

0.050

150

27.69

490

142.94

570

170.06

0.075

230

54.81

610

183.62

810

251.41

0.100

310

81.92

680

207.35

1090

346.33

0.200

380

105.65

730

224.30

1570

509.04

0.300

450

129.38

1000

315.82

1990

651.41

0.400

590

176.84

1190

380.23

2300

756.50

0.500

770

237.86

1400

451.41

2900

959.88

PROVING RING NO.

PR-5

LOAD

1.0305R - 70.404

(lbs)

PRESSURE
(psi)

(R = Guage Reading in division, 0.0001 in/div)

PISTON DIA.

(in)

1.967

PISTON AREA

(sq.in)

3.040

DATAMAIN\LABTEST\LAB CBR\CBR-Silaporn-19-02-2010.xls

ASTM D 1883 / AASHTO T 193 / .-. 109 (DH-T 109)

CALIFORNIA BEARING RATIO (CBR) TEST


PROJECT

LOCATION

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.

TESTED BY

GROUP LAB

DEPTH (m) :

CRUSHED ROCK

DATE

19/05/2553

SOURCE

INPUT BY

DATE

CRUSHED ROCK

CHECKED BY

CRUSHED ROCK

DATE

SAMPLE

MEGA BANGNA SHOPPING CENTER

TEST CONDITION :

MATERIAL

SOAKED

20/05/2553

21/05/2553

% CBR
1

SOAKED

SOAKED

SOAKED

TEST NO.
TEST CONDITION
PENETRATION

(in)

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.2

PISTON PRESSURE, A

(psi)

81.92

105.65

207.35

224.30

346.33

509.04

STANDARD UNIT LOAD,B

(psi)

1,000

1,500

1,000

1,500

1,000

1,500

8.19

7.04

20.73

14.95

34.63

33.94

% CBR = ( A/B )x100


1000

12 BLOWS/LAYER

900

25 BLOWS/LAYER
56 BLOWS/LAYER

800

PISTON PRESSURE (psi)

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

0
0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.50

PENETRATION (in)

DATAMAIN\LABTEST\LAB CBR\CBR-Silaporn-19-02-2010.xls

ASTM D 1883 / AASHTO T 193 / .-. 109 (DH-T 109)

CALIFORNIA BEARING RATIO (CBR) TEST


PROJECT

ASTM TESTING CO.,LTD.


SAMPLE

MEGA BANGNA SHOPPING CENTER

DEPTH (m) :
LOCATION

TEST CONDITION :

SOURCE

t/m3

2.030

CRUSHED ROCK

DATE

19/05/2553

INPUT BY

DATE

CHECKED BY

DATE

CRUSHED ROCK

20/05/2553

21/05/2553

1.840

2.015

2.165

8.19

20.73

34.63

T-99

AT 95% MDD, DRY DENSITY

GROUP LAB

% CBR (SOAKED)
COMPACTION METHOD

TEST NO
DRY DENSITY

TESTED BY

MATERIAL

SOAKED

MAX. DRY DENSITY (MDD)

2.137

t/m3

CBR

22.30

t/m3

2.50
2.45
2.40
2.35
2.30
2.25
2.20
2.15

DRY DENSITY (t/m)

2.10
2.05
2.00
1.95
1.90
1.85
1.80
1.75
1.70
1.65
1.60
1.55
1.50
1.45
1.40
5.0

15.0

25.0

35.0

45.0

CBR (%)

DATAMAIN\LABTEST\LAB CBR\CBR-Silaporn-19-02-2010.xls

Table 12
Water Analysis Test Data
Sample sheet

GROUND WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS REPORT


Coordination
Sampling Source
Monitoring Date
Monitored by
Report Date
Ref. No.

: INFRATECH ASIM CO., LTD.


: Saraburi B Cogeneration Co., Ltd. (Saraburi)
: February 25, 2010
: Health & Envitech Co., Ltd.
: March 6, 2010
: H.E. 371/2010

STANDARD METHOD OF GROUND WATER SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS


PARAMETER
pH
Calcium (Ca)
Magnesium (Mg)
Manganese (Mn)
Chloride (Cl)
Total Hardness (as CaCO3)
Iron (Fe)
Potassium (K)
Sodium (Na)
Nitrate (NO3)
Sulfate (SO4)
Carbon dioxide (CO2) as Carbonate (CO3)
Phosphate (PO4)
Silica (Si)

...
(Prasart Chiaplaem)
Laboratory No. -152--3213

SAMPLING AND ANALYTICAL METHOD


Grab Sampling, pH Meter
Grab Sampling, Direct Aspiration, Atomic Absorption
Grab Sampling, Direct Aspiration, Atomic Absorption
Grab Sampling, Direct Aspiration, Atomic Absorption
Grab Sampling, Ion-Selective Electrode
Grab Sampling, EDTA Titrimetric
Grab Sampling, Direct Aspiration, Atomic Absorption
Grab Sampling, Direct Aspiration, Atomic Absorption
Grab Sampling, Direct Aspiration, Atomic Absorption
Grab Sampling, Nitrate Electrode Method
Grab Sampling, Iodometric
Grab Sampling, EDTA Titrimetric
Grab Sampling, Vanadomolybdophosphoric acid, Colorimetric
Grab Sampling, Molybdosilicate Method, Direct Aspiration, Atomic
Absorption

...
(Rung Rittiyan)
Laboratory No. -152--3214

GROUND WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS RESULTS


STARDARD
SOURCE

PARAMETER

UNIT

DETECTED
VALUE

Suitable
allowance
7.0 8.5
-

Max.
allowable
6.5 9.2
-

Saraburi B Cogeneation Co., Ltd. pH


6.7
Calcium (Ca)
mg/l
0.186
Magnesium (Mg)
mg/l
2.400
Manganese (Mn)
mg/l
*2.234
d 0.3
d 0.5
Chloride (Cl)
mg/l
42
d 250
d 600
Total Hardness (as CaCO3)
mg/l
152
d 300
d 500
Iron (Fe)
mg/l
*2.421
d 0.5
d 1.0
Potassium (K)
mg/l
0.038
Sodium (Na)
mg/l
1.502
Nitrate (NO3)
mg/l
0.280
d 45
d 45
Sulfate (SO4)
mg/l
4.276
d 200
d 250
Carbon dioxide (CO2) as
mg/l
253
Carbonate (CO3)
Phosphate (PO4)
mg/l
4.276
Silica (Si)
mg/l
35.783
*Over standard limit
Remark
1. Standard: Notification of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment B.E. 2551 (2008), issued under The
Ground Water Act B.E. 2520 (1977), published in the Royal Government Gazette, Vol. 125, Special Part 85 . dated May 21, B.E.
2551 (2008).
2. Test results will be applicable only for the brought samples.
3. Do not copy partial of this analysis report without official approval.
4. Definition
mg/l
: milligrams per liter

...
(Prasart Chiaplaem)
Registered Lab. Controller
Laboratory No. -152--3213

...
(Rung Rittiyan)
Managing Director
Health & Envitech Co., Ltd.
Registered Lab No. -152