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SPM2005 PHYSICS P3

SectionA

[28 marks]

Answer all questions.

rtJ.rrr.t

The time suggestedto answer this section is 60 minutes.

A studentcarriesout an experimentto study the relationshipbetweenthe speed,v, of

a trolley with the distanceof compression,e, of a spring that pushesthe trolley down a track.

A piece of ticker tape is fixed to the trolley which is placed on a friction

compensatedtrack. The trolley is pushed back to compressthe spring to a distance

2.0 cm, as shown in Figure 1.1. The trolley is then

releasedand it moves down the track with speedu.

of compression,e, eqtalto

Tickertape

Distanceof compression,e

End of the track

FIGURB1.1

A section of the ticker tape which representsthe movement of the trolley when it

reachedthe end of the track, is taken. The actual size of the ticker tape is shown in Figure I.2 on page6.

The aboveprocedureis repeatedby varying the values of e, to be 3.0 cm, 4.0 cm,

5'0 cm and 6'0 cm. The actual sizesof the sectionsof the ticker tapesare shown

in Figures 1.3, I.4, 1.5 and 1.6 on pages6 and 7 respectively.

The speed,u, when the trolley reachedthe end of the track can be calculated using the formula below;

X_l

^

v=-cms

0'2

where x is length for 10 ticks as shown in Figure 1.7. One tick is the time taken for the trolley to move betweentwo consecutivedots.

t

I

tl

t2t3t4

t5

t6t7

FIGI]RE 1 7

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sebelah

EX.AtWners

Use

(a) For the experimentdescribedon page5, identify;

1(aXr)

E

1(a[ii)
E

1(a{iii)

tl

r(b)

t_l

(i)

themanipulatedvariable,

(ii)

therespondingvariable,

(O

a fixed variable.

lI

markl

$

markl

ll markl

(b) using the methodshownin Figurer.7 on page5, determinex, for everyticker tapeon Figures1.2,1.3,I.4, 1.5and1.6.

(i)

(ii)

Detachthe scaleon page6 anduseit to measurex for everyticker tapeon FiguresI.2, L.3,1.4,1.5and1.6.

Write the valuesof x on the spacesprovidedon pages6 and7.

Calculatethevaluesof v for everytickertapeusingtheformula v=+

0.2

Tabulateyour resultsfor x andv for everyvalueof e in the spacebelow.

[7 marksl

1(c)

r(d)

Total

(c) On the graphpaperon page11,draw a graphof v againste.

15 marksl

@ Use your graphin (c), to statethe relationshipbetweenv ande.

}

markl

ll,ihat sebelah

A student carried out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the

resistance,R, and diameter, d, for a constantanwire, and determine the resistivity,p, of constantan.

The student used five constantanwires with different

length, l, of eachwire as 2x103mm.

The results of the experiment are shown in the graph R

nyo

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

Graphof R against

r_!

:'r

l'

1

a

d"

1-j

,.-i

.!

0.3

'

''t,

0.4

FIGURE2.1

diameters and fixed the

I

asainst -

d'

in Fisure2.1.

I

.,.

:-:

I

0.6

1-)

0.7

-lmm'

ll-ihat sebelah

(a)

(b)

Statethe relationship betweenR anddz

lI

markl

A constantanwire of unknown diameterhas a length of 2xI03 mmand a resistance of 0.5Q.

I

Using the graph of R against rt

on page 13, determinethe diameterof the wire.

Examiner

Use

?9L

2(b)

E

Show on the graph how you determinedthe diameter.

(c)

The resistivity, p , of constantanis given by the formula:

If

/^tr\

p = o'7861!i-,

'

tI)

m = Rd.2,thenp = 0.7g6(Y),

'

\t

)

wherem is thegradientof the graphof R

ugurnt j

.

13 marksl

z(c)(i)

(i) Calculatethe gradient,m,of the graphof R against #

Showon the graphhow you determinedrn.

13 marksl

ll-ihat sebelah

@

(ii) Using the formula

of constantan.

Use/-

2x103mm.

' pt=0.786 (t)

\I

)

, calculate the resistivity, p,

P -

12 marksl

Anotherconstantanwire hasa diameterof 2.5 mm anda lengthof 500mm. r)

, Usingtheformulap = 0.736[ !4-

\r

)

I andthevalueof p in (c)(ii),calculatethe

resistanceof the wire.

R = """"'

 

lz marksl

(e)

Stateoneprecautionthat shouldbe takenduringthis experiment.

 

ll mark)

If

ihof

coholoh

2@

E

2(e)

Total

Section B

[12 marksl

Answer any one question.

The time suggestedto answer this sectionis 30 minutes.

the tyre of her

car' as shownin Figure 3.1. Shefound that the air pressurein the tyre was 190kpa.

A.fterthejourney, Shareenameasuredagun the air

Figure 3.2. She found that the air presiure in the tyre had increasld b 235kpa.

Shareenaalsofound that tyre remainedthe same.

Before going on a long journey, Shareenameasuredthe air

pressurein

pressurein

the tyre as shownin

the tyre

becamehot after the journey. However the sizeof the

FIGURE3.I

Insfrument

for

measunngarr

pressure

Using the informationon Shareena'sobservationon

(a)

(b)

Make one suitableinference.

Stateone appropriatehypothesisthat could be

FIGURE3.2

the air pressure

investigated.

in thetyre;

l1 markl

[1 mark]

(c) Designan experimentto investigatethe hypothesisstatedin (b).

Choosesuitableapparatussuchas a prcssuregauge,a roundbottomflask and others.

In your description,stateclearly the following;

(i)

aim of the experiment,

variablesin the experiment,

list of apparatusandmaterials,

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

arrangementof the apparatus,

&e pnocedureofdre experiment,whichincludesthemethodof

manipulatedvariableandthe methodof measuringthe respondingvariible,

the way you would tabulatethe data,

the way you would analysethe data.

controllingthe

(vi)

(vii)

ll0 marksl

Figure4.1 showsa cross-sectionof a bicycledynamowhichhasa magnctanda coil oflnsulatedcopperwire. Theoutputof the dynamois connectedto a bicyclelamp. The lampwill light up whenthe magnetis rotatedby turningthe wheel.The light getsbrighterwhenthe wheelturnsfaster.

Bicycle wheel

I^arrp

Bicycledynamo

Magnet

FIGURE 4.1

Usingyour knowledgeof elecffomagnetism;

(a)

Make one suitableinference.

(b)

Stateone appropriatehypothesisthat could be investigated.

(c)

Designan experimentto investigatethe hypothesisstatedin (D).

tl markl

U markl

Choosesuitableapparatussuchas a bar magnet,a coil of copperwire andothers.

In your description,stateclearly the following;

(i)

aim of the experiment,

(ii)

variablesin the experiment,

(iii)

list of apparatusandmaterials,

(iv)

arrangementof the apParatus,

(v)

thepnocedureof theexperiment,whichincludesthemethodof controllingthe manipulatedvariableandthe methodof measuringthe respondingvariable,

(vi)

the way you would tabulatethe data,

(vi|

the way you would analysethe data.

lLO marksj

RUANG JAWAPAN/SPACE FOR ANSWERS No. Soalan/QuestionNo:

tlihat

sebelah

Kegunaan

Pemeriksa/

For

Exatniner's

Use

Paper 3

Seetion A

1

(a)

(b)

(i)

l.t.ngtlr o{ spring compression"

rir)

Vr:lot:it,.y

tiir)

Mirss tt1'che trolley/spring

{rulicnt of the sloPe.

constant/

L";

ngth

utt

pring

of

I-ength

ticker

of

tape

[-

I

lcCImp

le

pressiein,

:l:*

-

2.{)

3.0

4.0

_

5.0

6.0

1O dots'

xlem

5.5

7.5

11.3

L2.B

15.5

,_

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r-- I

I

L

l

i

!

i

:

il

a

t l t
i

t

i

v

I

t

t

i

:

I

F

t

(c) Graph u versus e

o'r i

:-l'

i

.

i

:i:: :i:l;"1

,,

?

*

I

t

!.

::

F:

F

I

a

:

a

:

+

F

F

c

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g

*

"T$

:

'6*

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lit;

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p
*

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i

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t

rlelocity

u/cm s-r

27.5

37.5

56.5

64.O

77.5

1:

,'.,,

irla:i

H

ij,i';;

;#

:"

l.i:

1

tif:j

J

eJ

ir:

m

s (d) Velocity varies directly with the length of spring
*

*

t:

z

$

i.

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t

F

eompression"

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1

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-:

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1.

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Graphfi u".r,ru ;!

i,

':-::

:

t

:l-,

.,

:l

i

2b.,0.9)

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|

-

i

-

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,.1

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rll;

1 : ::r'l

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I

il

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,:

r

':::::::::*-:':11

i ':,

I

1i

:,.:

',

:i

j

0 0ra:0

:t:'itlt

:

!,tl:t,,,

i::.':i:.:

i'^il; :l

!;:::::,i111

2:. q, Ii:,:rO -:':1

'a:.

4.,,:

-ra:-

t::ii

(a)

(b)

R is inversely ProPortional to d2'

b = o'41mm-z

d2 = of, **-,

d2

d

(c) (il

=

=

Gradient, nz

2.43 rrrm2

1.56 mm

=

=

0.61- 0.3

g;:

gr25

12.4Clmm2

(ii) l=2xl-03mm

rl

p =o.?86(###Hxro')

=

4.87 Omm

(d) d =2.5mm,1 4.87 A mm

R

:

= 500 mm 0.7S6 (R x (2.5 mm)'z)

500 mm 4.87 Q mm x 500 mm

- 0.786x (2.5mm)' = 495.67Q

(e) Securely fasten the connecting wire'

Section

3

(a)

(b)

B

Inferenee:

When the temperature of gas enclosed in a container increases, the pressure of the gas increases and vice-versa'

HsrPothesis:

Wh"tt the temperature of gas enclosed in a container increases, the pressure of the gas increases.

Retort

Airn of cxperiment:

'l'o sttrti-ythe relationship between t'he

pr()ssure cxertedby a gasand its temperature ;rt,ctnstant voiurne.

Variables

Manipulated:

'lemperature.

Responding:

Pressure.

Constant:

Volume of the gas.

List of apparatus and the materials:

Pressure gauge, round

thermometer, glass tube, rubber tube, heat insulator, retort stand, tripod, wire mesh, rubber stopper, beaker, stirrer and Bunsen burner.

Arrangement

in the exPeriment.

bottom

flask,

of aPParatus:

stand

Ice

Thermometer

Rubber tube

Clamp

Stirrer

Beaker

Wire

mesh

Bourdon

gauge

Bunsenburner

Proeedure:

The apparatus as shown is prepared' Some

ice is inserted into the water solution to lower the temperature of water. Water is stirred to maintain a uniform temperature. When the thermometer reading indicates 40 'C,the pressure reading from the Bourdon gauge is recorded.The stepsrepeatedat 45 "C,50 "C,

55 "C,

obtained, a graph of pressure (P) against

temperature

60 "C and 65 "C. From the results

(t) in

degrees Celsius and the

pressure (P) against (?) in Kelvin

graph of

are plotted.

Temperature,

TI"C

40

45

50

55

60

65

Temperature,

TII(

Pressure'

P/]\[

m-2

4

(a)

P/N

m-2

-273"C

Figure

P/N

m-'z

(i)

Figure

*TIK

(ii)

Discussions:

against

temperature, / in "C is as shown in th* Figure (i). If the origin of the graph is shifted

K) as shown in Figure (ii), the

graph of

Kelvin is a straight line that passesthrough the origin. The straight-line graph that passesthrough the origin indicates that the pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature ?. Conclusion:

The pressure exerted by a gas, P having a constant mass is directly proportional to its absolute temperature, f provided that its volume is maintained constant.

The

graph

of

Pressure,

P

to -273 "C(0

graph of pressure, P against, T in

Inference:

When a magnet movesin acoil of wire rapidly,

the

of the induced curuent

magnitude

increases or the bulb becomesbrighter-

(b) Hypothesis:

(c.)

The more rapidly a magnet moves through a coil, the greater is magnitude of the induced current produced. Aim of experiment:

To study the relationship between the motion of a magnet in a coil and the induced current produced.

Variables

of the exPeriment:

Manipulated:

Height of the magnet (height of magnet from the coil determines the velocity of the magne[ in the coil). Responding:

Galvanometer reading. Constant:

No of turns in the coil.

Arrangement

of :tpparattts:

Coil of wirtr

{ ialvzrnometer

List of apparatus and materials. Bar magnet, coil of'wire, galvanometerand

connecting wire. Procedure:

Apparatus as shown in the figure above is prepared. The height of the bar magnet from the tatrle is set as20.0cm. The magnet is then dropped into the coil of wire. The deflection of the galvanometer is recorded in a table. The experiment is repeated with heights of 30.0cm,40.0cm,50.0cm and 60.0cm.From the results obtained, a graph of the galvanometer, 1 against height of the bar magnet from the surface of the table, r is plotted. Discussion:

Graph of galvanometer reading, 1 against height of the bar magnet from the surface of the table, r is a straight-line graph through Lheorigin. The straight- line graph through [he origin shows that magnitude of the induced current, 1 varies directly with the velocity of the magnet, represented by the h*ight of the bar magnet from the surface of t.hetable, r. ea*clucion:

'l'he magnitude of the induced current will

i;r*reage when the th* g:il increases.

motion of the magnet in