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Peak o A e age Po

e Ra io fo OFDM

Posted By Krishna Sankar On February 24, 2008 @ 7:51 am In Transmitter | 245 Comments

Let us try to understand peak to average power ratio (PAPR) and its typical value in an OFDM system specified per IEEE 802.11a specifications [1] .

Wha i PAPR?
The peak to average power ratio for a signal , where corresponds to the conjugate operator. Expressing in deciBels, . is defined as

## PAPR of a ingle ine one

Consider a sinusoidal signal having the period The peak value of the signal is . The mean square value of the signal is, .

Fig %E

## e: Wa e fo m of ingle ine one M / O

= (* **016:.9]; 2 1[:/4099) ( , .'' ' -,L W '4 ,) ( ' ( ' ( ' S V V = ' ) ' ) ' ) = * ' / ( ) ( . * ( ) )

PAPR of a comple

in
.

oidal

Consider a sinusoidal signal having the period The peak value of the signal is .

Fig

## e: Wa efo m a ingle comple

in

oidal

% % + 1 F=[ (,) 16 (,6 01 12) =6* 4 ( (F) ); S V = * ' / ( ) V = ( . * ( ) ) ( ( )''' , ,L W '2 ,) ( ( ' ( ' ( ' ( ' ( )''' , ,L ' ) ' ) ' ' , ' ) W ' ) '2 ,)

(,5 12)

(,)] 15 ;

## Ma im m e pec ed PAPR f om an OFDM

sinusoidals having frequency seperation independent information

a efo m

From the previous post (here), we have learned that an OFDM signal is the sum of multiple where each sinusoidal gets modulated by . Mathematically, the transmit signal is,

## The mean square value of the signal is,

Given so, the peak to average power ratio for an OFDM system with subcarriers are given the same modulation is, .

## subcarriers and all

It is reasonably intuitive that the above value corresponds to the maximum value of PAPR (when all the subcarriers are equally modulated, all the subcarriers align in phase and the peak value hits the maximum).

## PAPR in IEEE 802.11a OFDM

an mi

ion

Per the IEEE 802.11a specifications [1] , we have used subcarriers. Given so, the maximum expected PAPR is 52 (around 17dB!!). However, thanks to the scrambler, all the subcarriers in an OFDM symbol being equally modulated is unlikely. Using a small script, the cumulative distribution of PAPR from each OFDM symbol, modulated by a random BPSK signal is obtained. Click here to download [2] .

Fig

e: C m la i e di

ib

## ion (CDF) plo of PAPR f om a andom BPSK ignal

As can be observed, the observed PAPR seems to be distributed from around +3.5dB to a maximum value of 10dB.

Refe ence
[802.11A] Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical (PHY) Layer specifications High speed physical layer in 5GHz band [1] Hope this helps. Krishna

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[1] IEEE 802.11a specifications: h p:// anda d .ieee.o g/ge ieee802/do nload/802.11a1999.pdf [2] download: h p:// .d plog.com/db-in all/ pcon en / pload /2008/02/pap ofdmbp k.m [3] click here to SUBSCRIBE : h p:// .feedb ne .com/fb/a/email e if S bmi ? feedId=1348583&loc=en_US