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Original Title: BTEC NC - Further Mathematics for Technicians - Applied Calculus

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Applied Calculus

Task 1

1.1 Differentiate the following with respect to x using the Chain Rule

(Function of a Function):

( )

8

2

2 x y

Let 2

2

x u

So

8

1 u y

1

1 2

2

2

2 1

1

x

dx

dy

x

dx

dy

x y

0

0 2

2

1 0

dx

dy

x

dx

dy

y

0 2

1

x

dx

du

x

dx

du

2

1 8

8

8 1

1

u

du

dy

u y

7

8u

du

dy

dx

dy

dx

du

du

dy

1

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

1 7

1 7

16

2 8

x u

dx

dy

x u

dx

dy

Replace u for the initial substitution.

( )

7

2

2 16 x x

dx

dy

2

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

1.2 Differentiate the following function with respect to x using the

Quotient Rule:

( )

2

cos 2

x

x

y

By making a substitution before differentiating I can differentiate the

two separate sections of the equation, as follows:

( )

v x

u x Cos

v

u

y

2

2

( )

( )

( ) x Sin

dx

du

x Sin

dx

du

x Cos u

2

1 1 2

2

( )

( ) ax Sin a K

dx

dy

ax Cos K y

. .

.

x

dx

dv

x

dx

dv

x v

2

2 1

1 2

2

n

n

anx

dx

dy

ax y

Quotient Rule:

2

v

dx

dv

u

dx

du

v

dx

dy

( ) ( )

( )

2

2

2

2 2 2

x

x x Cos x Sin x

dx

dy

( ) ( )

4

2

4 2

x

x xCos x Sin x

dx

dy

3

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

1.3 Differentiate the following function with respect to x using the

Product Rule:

3 2

.x e y

x

two separate sections of the equation, as follows:

v x

u e

v u y

x

3

2

.

x

x

x

e

dx

du

e

dx

du

e u

2

2

2

2

2 1

ax

ax

Kae

dx

dy

e K y

.

2

1 3

3

3

3 1

x

dx

dv

x

dx

dv

x v

n

n

anx

dx

dy

ax y

Product Rule:

dx

du

v

dx

dv

u

dx

dy

. . +

Substitute the above values into the Product Rule Equation:

x x

e x x e

dx

dy

2 3 2 2

2 . 3 . +

( )

3 2 2

2 3 x x e

dx

dy

x

+

4

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

1.4 The brakes are applied to a train and the velocity v at any time t

secs after applying the brakes is given by:

t v 5 . 2 16 m/s

Calculate the distance travelled in 10 seconds after the brakes are

applied.

( )

( ) ( ) [ ]

125 160

0 0 125 160

0

4

5

0 16 10

4

5

10 16

2 2

5

16

1 1

5 . 2 16

5 . 2 16

2 2

10

0

2

10

0

1 1

10

0

1

]

1

,

_

,

_

1

]

1

1

]

1

+

+

S

S

S

t

t S

t

t S

dt t S

metres S 35

5

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

6

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

1.5 A sinusoidal voltage waveform is given by:

t v 6 cos 2 Volts

Determine the mean value of the voltage over a half cycle using

definite integration.

Limits:

T o

0

in Radians

[ ] 0 0

2

6

0 6

6

6 2

6

6

6

6 2

6

1 2

6 2

0

1

0

0

0

1

]

1

,

_

,

_

1

]

1

,

_

,

_

v

Sin Sin

v

t Sin t Sin

v

t Cos v

t Cos v

0 v

Volts

7

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

8

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

1.6 Evaluate the following definite integral to 1 decimal place:

( )

+

2

1

3

2 dx x

( ) ( ) [ ]

25 . 2 8

2 25 . 0 4 4

2

4

1

4

4

16

2

4

1 1 1 1

4

4

2 2 2 2

1 2

4

1

2 2

4

2

2

4

4 4

2

1

4

+ +

1

]

1

,

_

,

_

+

1

]

1

,

_

,

_

1

]

1

,

_

,

_

+

1

]

1

+ x

x

75 . 5

2

UNITS

9

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

10

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

1.7 Find the area under the curve between

0

20 and

0

60 for the

function:

cos 2 y

Limits:

60

20

TO

RADS

RADS

3

60

180

9

20

180

AREA:

( )

( ) [ ]

( ) ( ) [ ]

048010521 . 1

6840402867 . 0 732050808 . 1

9

2

3

2

2

2

3

9

3

9

1

]

1

,

_

,

_

,

_

,

_

Sin Sin

Sin

d Cos

05 . 1

2

UNITS (to 2 decimal places)

11

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

12

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

Task 2

2.1 Find by numerical integration using the trapezoidal rule the area under

the curve using 8 intervals and 2 decimal places:

2

0

dx e

x

25 . 0

8

0 2

d

d

Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4 Y5 Y6 Y7 Y8 Y9

X 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00

X Y=e^-x

0.00 1

0.25 0.78

0.50 0.61

0.75 0.47

1.00 0.37

1.25 0.29

1.50 0.22

1.75 0.17

2.00 0.14

( )

2

2

0

87 . 0

17 . 0 22 . 0 29 . 0 37 . 0 47 . 0 61 . 0 78 . 0 14 . 0 1

2

1

25 . 0

UNITS

ydx

1

]

1

+ + + + + + +

,

_

13

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

14

Brendan Burr BTEC National Certificate in Electronics

Applied Calculus

15

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