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Aesthetics and perception of Form

MDI Gustavo Vctor Casillas Lavn


CIDI FACULTAD DE ARQUITECTURA UNAM MEXICO

Gestalt

Proportions

Semiotics

Visual Structures

German: Gestalt essence or shape of an entity's complete form Theories of visual perception, developed by German Psychologists in the early 20th century. The operational principle of the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies. The whole is greater than the sum of the parts

Gestalt

Emergence Emergence is the process of complex pattern formation from simpler rules.

Gestalt

Reification Reification is the constructive or generative aspect of perception.

Gestalt

Multistability Multistability (or multistable perception) is the tendency of ambiguous perceptual experiences to pop back and forth unstably between two or more alternative interpretations.

Gestalt

Figure/Ground The mind differentiate and also interchange the figure and the background. Closure The mind may experience elements it does not perceive through sensation, in order to complete a regular figure (that is, to increase regularity). Similarity The mind groups similar elements into collective entities or totalities. This similarity might depend on relationships of form, color, size, or brightness. Proximity Spatial or temporal proximity of elements may induce the mind to perceive a collective or totality. Symmetry Symmetrical images are perceived collectively, even in spite of distance. Continuity The mind continues visual, auditory, and kinetic patterns. Common Fate Elements with the same moving direction are perceived as a collective or unit.

Gestalt

Figure/Ground The mind differentiates and also interchanges the figure and the background.

Gestalt

Figure/Ground The mind differentiates and also interchanges the figure and the background.

Gestalt

Closure The mind may experience elements it does not perceive through sensation, in order to complete a regular figure (that is, to increase regularity).

Gestalt

Closure The mind may experience elements it does not perceive through sensation, in order to complete a regular figure (that is, to increase regularity).

Coffe table Louis van Teeffelen

Gestalt

Similarity The mind groups similar elements into collective entities or totalities. This similarity might depend on relationships of form, color, size, or brightness.

Gestalt

Similarity The mind groups similar elements into collective entities or totalities. This similarity might depend on relationships of form, color, size, or brightness.

Nio tea and coffee set Oliver Hemming

Gestalt

Proximity Spatial or temporal proximity of elements may induce the mind to perceive a collective or totality.

Coffee table Knut Hesterberg

Gestalt

Proximity Spatial or temporal proximity of elements may induce the mind to perceive a collective or totality.

Lounge chair Charles & Ray Eames

Gestalt

Symmetry Symmetrical images are perceived collectively, even in spite of distance.

Tension table Alain Gilles

Gestalt

Symmetry Symmetrical images are perceived collectively, even in spite of distance.

Grand Prix chair Arne Jacobsen

Gestalt

Continuity The mind continues visual, auditory, and kinetic patterns.

Gestalt

Continuity The mind continues visual, auditory, and kinetic patterns.

Sofa table Paul Schneider von Esleben

Gestalt

Common Fate Elements with the same moving direction are perceived as a collective or unit.

Gestalt

Common Fate Elements with the same moving direction are perceived as a collective or unit.

Konkylie lamp Louis Weisdorf

Gestalt

Gestalt

Gestalt

Proportions

Semiotics

Visual Structures

A ratio is a relationship between two numbers of the same kind, usually expressed as "a to b" or a:b

a:b = 1:1
b

Proportions

a b Proportions

a:b = 1:1
Ashtray 4638 Anna Castelli

1:2 1:3
Proportions

A Proportion is the ratio of one quantity to another, especially the ratio of a part compared to a whole. Also is the relationships between elements of a design. Body proportions, in art, are the study of relation of human body parts to each other and the whole. The geometric aspect ratio.

Proportions

Golden proportion The relation of the sum of the quantities to the larger quantity is equal to the relation of the larger quantity to the smaller one. The golden ratio is an irrational mathematical constant, approximately 1.618, related to of the Fibonacci sequence:

0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144

Proportions

Golden proportion

Proportions

Dining Table Sergio & Giorgio Saporiti

Proportions

Dining Table Sergio & Giorgio Saporiti

Proportions

Grand Prix chair Arne Jacobsen

Proportions

Module From Middle French module from Latin modulus, diminutive of modus (measure)

Proportions

Tessellation From Latin tessella, "small square From Greek tessera, number "4"

Proportions

Gestalt

Proportions

Semiotics

Visual Structures