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Recruit Davis, D.

16814 LD 2: Criminal Justice System

For my LD 2 essay I chose an article from starnewsonline.com, which is a newspaper in Wilmington, N.C. The article is a synopsis of the state of North Carolina and its proposal for overhauling the states criminal justice system. If the proposal is adopted it would change the way in which lawbreakers are sentenced, supervised and treated. There are many provisions of the proposal including: a mandatory nine months of state supervision of all released inmates, new powers for officers to crack down on probation violators and stiffer penalties for people convicted of multiple break ins. The other criminal justice system related provisions are: - Probationers would be classified based on their risk of re-offending, and those who post a low risk would be assigned limited treatment and reporting requirements. - Probation officers could respond to some probation violations by putting the offender in jail for three days without a court hearing. - Those convicted of a felony would serve a period of supervision after their release from prison. People convicted of low-level drug possession would have incentives to complete

their probation successfully. An inmate could reduce their prison sentence by completing programs designed to

reduce the likelihood of them re-offending.

The reason I chose this article is that encompasses the criminal justice systems three branches of Law Enforcement, Judicial, and Corrections, which includes Parole and Probation. For law enforcement officers in North Carolina is will change how they apprehend certain offenders as well as how they prevent crime. It will also alter how they enforce certain laws based on the specific criminal history of the offender. It would also allow for peace officers to have more powers in the crack down of probation violators. For the Judicial branch these new provisions should impact components including fair judgments and just punishments. The branch most affected by the new provisions would be the Corrections branch. Corrections, which includes Parole and Probation should see the most change because the provisions have more specific guidelines for this branch. Those inmates released without parole would still be supervised by the state for a mandatory term of nine months following release. Probation officers would be able to lessen case loads and supervision based on offender risk of re-offending which allow them to focus more on high risk reoffenders. Probation officers could also detain an offender for three days without a hearing, this may be a point that could be challenged because the argument could be made that this is a denial of offenders 14th Amendment right to due process. However no mention was made of that possibility. Lastly the provision of allowing inmates to reduce their prison sentence by completing programs designed to reduce the likelihood of them re-offending could potentially aid in prison overcrowding, which puts a strain on the entire corrections branch.