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Victims of Expansion Outline

David Liu Period 5

Colonization was not a peaceful process. There were many conflicts for land and power and oppression and revolts against the oppressors were common. Deaths in battles and wars were unnecessary
A. The British forced the British to conform to their culture while colonizing and most Indians were of "lower class." Oppression led to revolt. 1. The Hindu tradition forbade people to eat cow and the Muslims did not allow eating pigs. British forced the Sepoys (Indian soldiers who fought for the British Imperial Army) to bite the seals off of their guns, which were made out of cow and pig fat. 2. This lead to the Sepoy Mutiny, a rebellion of the Sepoys, causing many deaths. 3. Even after the rebellion, the Sepoys were subject to the blood-lick law where they had to lick the blood of the dead British soldiers. Some Sepoys were killed by being tied to a cannon and launched. B. China was infiltrated by the British and this led to its downfall 1. British brought opium to China which led to many in China becoming addicted to it
Led to the Opium Wars in which China lost both times China implodes upon itself and more and more in China become addicted.

2. Many people of China resented the special privileges granted to foreigners. They eventually formed a secret organization called the Boxers. These Boxers, angry about the new laws created for the foreigners, threw off a rebellion called the Boxer Rebellion 3. China rebelled also in the Taiping Rebellion. C. The Sino-Japanese War between China and Japan, and the RussoJapanese War between Russia and Japan were both fought for the control over Korea. D. When the elephants fight, it is the grass that suffers. E. Ethiopia was never industrialized, and never colonized and it was able to fend off the European imperialists without colonization. It did go through war because of the power hungry Europeans, however, this shows that it was unnecessary to fight if a country needed to progress.

The people of the colonized country themselves were mistreated

F. Many slaves were sent from Africa in the Atlantic Slave Trade, the buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas. 1. Many of these slaves were prisoners from tribal wars in Africa. 2. During the middle passage they stayed in crowded quarters and were thrown off the ship if necessary to keep the ship afloat 3. During slavery, these Africans were treated inhumanely and were forced back breaking labor. G. In Congo, King Leopold II of Belgium promised to abolish slavery 1. forced the Africans to collect sap from the rubber plants. 2. tortured them, cut the Africans hands off. 3. blood spilling on the rubber gave this incident the name red rubber. H. In India the Indians were all of lower class than the British 1. British were always wealthier than an Indian 2. Rebuttal could be that Indians were allowed to gain wealth among themselves if they were low in the caste system, they could be high in British Class system. However, this didn't matter if all the Indians basically couldn't attain any advanced form of wealth I. Koreans were harshly mistreated by the Japanese when they were under Japanese control J. Slavery is unjustified process for progress (besides self progress). Yet Africans were enslaved by several European Countries

The colonized were forced to give up their parts of their culture which was conceived as "barbaric" by Europeans
K. Native Americans lost homes as America expanded westward. This was called Manifest Destiny L. In the Native American tribe of the Sioux, young men went through rituals of manhood, which were considered barbaric by the Americans 1. Hooks were pierced through their chests, and they would run around a pole until they pass out. This tearing or the flesh supposed to stimulate the feeling a woman has when giving birth and was to ensure the young men honored the pain the women felt. 2. Americans thought this was barbaric and forced them to stop this ritual. 3. Rebuttal could be that this was unnecessary pain, but it is the culture of the Natives, and the ritual was justified as it probably made disciplined young men. M. In Australia, 100,000 Aboriginal children were relocated into British families in an attempt to raise the living standards of Aborigines. They would never again see their birth parents. 1. These children were called the Stolen Generation. 2. Though intentions were good, the children could no longer share a bond with the mother who brought them to the world 3. Burnam Burnam stood up for the Aborigines by claiming the cliffs of Dover for the Aborigines and eventually the Australian government "apologized." N. Widow burning was outlawed in India 1. It was known as Suttee, 2. It was the traditional practice in which the widow of a man that has recently passed away burns herself on his funeral pyre on top of her husband. 3. It was outlawed by the British during the Raj (British occupation in India). O. China was fine without being industrialized, but because of British intervention (Opium Wars), China was eventually torn apart by Europeans.