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Connect to the Internet by using a modem

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Updated: January 21, 2005 Applies To: Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2003 with SP1, Windows Server 2003 with SP2

To connect to the Internet by using a modem


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Install the modem hardware on your computer. Add the modem to your computer. In Control Panel, double-click Phone and Modem Options. If you are prompted to provide location information, do so and then click OK. On the Modems tab, click Add. Follow the steps in the Add Hardware Wizard. After the modem is added, verify that the modem appears as a port under Ports in Routing and Remote Access. To configure the modem port, right-click Ports, and then click Properties. In the Port Properties dialog box, select the modem you want to configure, click Configure, select the Demand-dial routing connections (inbound and outbound) check box, and then click OK. To create a demand-dial interface and configure it to use the modem to dial in to the ISP, rightclick Network Interfaces, and then click New Demand-dial interface. Add a default network route that uses the newly created demand-dial interface.

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9. Note

A default network route has a Destination of 0.0.0.0, a Network mask of 0.0.0.0, and a Metric of 1. Because the dial-up connection to the ISP is a point-to-point link, the Gateway IP address is not configurable.

Information about functional differences


Your server might function differently based on the version and edition of the operating system that is installed, your account permissions, and your menu settings. For more information, see Viewing Help on the Web.

See Also

Concepts Working with MMC console files Internet Connection Sharing and network address translation Routed Connection to the Internet Add a demand-dial interface Add a default static IP route
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Install an Internal Modem

Tutorial Home >Hardware >Components >Modems >Installing a Modem >Install an Internal Modem

Introduction

If both of your serial ports are in usesuch as by mice and other devicesyou have to install an internal modem. If you have an older computer and want to install a high-speed modem, you might need to install an internal modem as well. That's because you need a special serial port, called a 16550 UART, if you want to send and receive data at high speeds, and many older computers don't have that kind of port.

Step 1: Find Free COM Ports

In order to communicate with the outside world, your computer uses a communications port, also called a serial port or COM port. You won't be able to configure your internal modem to use a COM port that's already in use. To find out what COM ports are in use in your computer, in Windows, right-click the My Computer icon and choose Properties. Choose the Device Manager tab and click the + sign next to the Ports item. You will see a list of the COM ports that are in use.

Step 2: Find a Free Slot

You'll be plugging your modem into a free slot. You can either use the slot that your existing internal modem uses, or if you don't yet have an internal modem, you can plug it into an empty slot. If you don't yet have an internal modem, find a free slot. Then remove the bracket in front of it. If you already have an internal modem, take it out and use that slot.

Step 3: Set the Jumpers

Some internal modems require that you set jumpers to configure them for certain COM ports, or other hardware configurations such as IRQ. Set them now. Sometimes you can set the jumpers to Plug-and-Play (PnP) mode, which enables Windows to set up your modem for you.

Step 4: Install Modem into the Slot

The modem should slide into the free slot fairly easily. Press down gently but firmly. You might have to use two hands. After you are sure the modem is plugged all the way in, screw the modem into the spot where the bracket used to be, using the screw you previously removed.

Step 5: Connect the Phone Cord

If you're dedicating a phone line to your modem, plug one end of the phone cord into the phone jack, and the other end into the modem's connector. If your modem is going to share a phone line with your telephone, you have to use two jacks on the modem. One jack will say phone and the other will say line or telco. Attach a phone cord from the phone jack on the back of the modem to the telephone, and a phone cord from the line jack on the back of the modem to the wall jack. Then close the case and turn on your PC.

Step 6: Install the Modem Drivers

After you turn your computer on, Windows should launch an installation wizard. If it doesn't, go to the Control Panel, double-click the Modems icon, and then double-click the Add button. Windows will probably detect your model of modem and which port you're using. If it doesn't, add them manually. When prompted for a driver, use the driver disk or CD that came with the modem. In some cases, you need to run an installation program from the CD to install the drivers.

A modem is a computer device that allows you to browse the Internet or a network. Modems can send or receive faxes and telephone calls. Most personal computers have an internal modem installed inside the computer case. External modems are portable devices that you can attach to a serial or USB (Universal Serial Bus) port on your computer. External modems can be disconnected from your computer and used with other computers. Related Searches:

1. Function
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Internal modems are built into the motherboard or a circuit board that plugs into an expansion slot inside a computer. Internal modems are also known as analog or dial-up modems. Modern analog modems transfer information at about 56 kilobits per second (56K) over a telephone line. Analog dial-up modems are susceptible to phone-line noise or interference from electrical devices and slower Internet connection speeds. However, 56K dial-up modems can be used anywhere a phone line is available. Also, internal and external modems can be used to establish a wireless dial-up connection. With the support of special hardware, such as a Network Interface Card (NIC) and wireless router, several computers can share information on a network.

Facts
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Today, several types of external modems are used for high-speed and broadband Internet connections. They are much faster than phone-line modems and you can receive information up to 100 times faster.

Types
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Cable modems allow you to connect to the Internet with a coaxial cable. Contact a cable company to find out if they provide this type of service for your area. Digital-subscriber-line (DSL) modems allow you to connect to the Internet using a digital phone line. Contact your telephone company to find out if they provide high-speed digital phone-line service. Satellite modems allow you to connect to the Internet via satellite. They are most useful when you

are unable to access the Internet from a phone line, cable or DSL connection. Wireless PC cards are external devices with modem capabilities. PC cards use radio signals to access the Internet by a wired or wireless network connection.

Benefits
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The advantage of high-speed and broadband connections is 24-hour Internet access. You won't receive a busy signal and don't have to wait to establish an Internet connection. Your standard phone line is available to accept or receive telephone calls. Web browsing is faster and significantly improved. Streaming videos and audio files download more smoothly with fewer interruptions.

Warning
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Keep in mind, high-speed and broadband modems are always turned on, and over time, they can wear out. Typically, the lifetime of an external modem is about two to five years, depending upon the make and model. If your modem develops problems, you should contact your Internet service provider and ask for a replacement.

Related Searches

Read more: Differences Between an External & Internal Modem | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_5188687_differences-between-external-internalmodem.html#ixzz1nC4InWqA