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1.

Diagram below shows the electron arrangement of a beryllium atom. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi satu atom berilium.

Diagram Rajah Which of the following is true about this atom? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang atom ini? A B C D

2.

Diagram below shows the electron arrangement for the J3+ ion. An atom of element J contains 12 neutrons. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi ion J3+. Atom bagi unsur J mengandungi 12 neutron.

Diagram Rajah What is the nucleon number of element J? Apakah nombor nukleon bagi unsur J? A B C D

3.

Which of the following is a use of cobalt-60 isotope? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah kegunaan isotop kobalt-60? A B C D

4.

Solid X is heated in a boiling tube and the temperature is recorded at regular time intervals. If the melting point of X is 78C, which graph represents the heating curve of X? Pepejal X dipanaskan dalam sebuah tabung didih dan suhu direkodkan pada sela masa yang sekata. Jika takat lebur X ialah 78C, graf manakah yang mewakili lengkung pemanasan bagi X?

5.

Which of the following shows the correct type of particle for each substance? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan jenis zarah yang betul bagi setiap bahan?

6.

The diagram shows a model of an atom. Gambar rajah menunjukkan satu model atom.

Who introduced this model? Siapakah yang memperkenalkan model ini? A Neils Bohr B John Dalton C James D James Chadwick Chadwick

7.

The following statements refer to the contributions of a scientist in the development of ideas aboutBatomic structure. Pernyataan berikut merujuk kepada sumbangan seorang ahli sains dalam perkembangan idea tentang struktur atom.

Who was the scientist? Siapakan ahli sains itu? A Neils Bohr B C J.J. D Thomson

John Dalton Ernest Rutherford

8.

Which of the following electron arrangements has three valence electrons? Antara susunan elektron berikut, yang manakah mempunyai tiga elektron valens?

9.

The table shows the number of electrons and neutrons for ions G2-, H+, L- and M 2+ .These letters are not actual symbols for the elements. Jadual menunjukkan bilangan elektron dan bilangan neutron bagi ion G2- , H+ , L- dan M2+ . Huruf-huruf ini bukanlah simbol sebenar bagi unsur itu.

Which of the following shows the correct nucleon number of the ion? Antara berikut yang manakah menunjukkan nombor nukleon yang betul bagi ion? Ion A B C D G H LM

10.

Element T has the same chemical property as the element with the proton number of 20. The letter T is not the actual symbol of the element. Unsur T mempunyai sifat kimia yang sama dengan unsur yang mempunyai nombor proton 20. Huruf T bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu. Which of the following is the electron arrangement for an atom of element T? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah susunan elektron bagi atom unsur T? A 2 C 2.8.2 B 2.8.4 D 2.8.8

11 Which of the following set ups of apparatus is correct to determine the melting point of . acetamide? Antara susunan radas berikut, yang manakah betul untuk menentukan takat lebur asetamida?

12.

Diagram below shows the cooling curve of liquid Y. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan lengkung penyejukan bagi suatu cecair Y.

Diagram Rajah Which statement can be deduced from Diagram ? Pernyataan manakah yang boleh dirumuskan daripada Rajah di bawah? A B C D

13. The following information is about an atom. Maklumat berikut adalah tentang suatu atom.

Which of the following diagram shows the atom? Antara rajah berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan atom itu?

14.

Table below shows the proton numbers of elements X and Y. X and Y are not the actual symbols of the elements. Jadual di bawah menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur X dan unsur Y. X dan Y bukan simbol sebenar unsur-unsur itu.

Table Jadual Which statements are true about elements X and Y? Pernyataan manakah yang benar tentang unsur X dan unsur Y? I II III IV A I and III I dan III C II and III II dan III B I and IV I dan IV D II and IV II dan IV

15.

Which of the following is a use of carbon-14 isotope? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah kegunaan isotop karbon-14? A B C D

16. A sample of carbon dioxide gas is cooled. Which of the following is true about the velocity and the size of its particles? Satu sampel gas karbon dioksida disejukkan. Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang halaju dan saiz zarahnya?

17. Diagram below shows the electrons arrangement of an atom of Y. Y is not the actual symbol of the element. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi atom Y. Y bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu.

Diagram Rajah Which of the following, is the position of element Y in the Periodic Table? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah kedudukan unsur Y dalam Jadual Berkala?

18.

Which of the following is a use of carbon -14? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah kegunaan karbon -14? A B C D

19.

Which substance is an element? Bahan manakah yang merupakan suatu unsur? A B C D

20.

Diagram below shows the inter-conversion of the states of matter of a substance. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan perubahan keadaan jirim bagi suatu bahan.

Diagram Rajah Which inter-conversion involves the release of energy? Perubahan keadaan manakah yang melibatkan pembebasan tenaga? A B C D

21.

What is the meaning of isotopes? Apakah maksud isotop? A B C D

22.

The diagram shows an experiment to study the particle theory of matter. Gambar rajah menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji teori zarah jirim.

Which of the following is the best explanation of the observation in the experiment? Antara berikut yang manakah penerangan paling baik mengenai pemerhatian dalam eksperimen itu? A B C D

23. Diagram below shows the symbol for element X. X is not the actual symbol of the element. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan simbol bagi unsur X. X bukan simbol sebenar bagi unsur itu.

Diagram Rajah Which of the following shows the electron arrangement and the number of neutrons in an atom of X? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan susunan elektron dan bilangan neutron dalam suatu atom bagiX?

24.

What is the number of neutrons in the isotope of uranium ? Berapakah bilangan neutron dalam isotop uranium ? A B C D

25.

The table shows information about two types of particle. Jadual menunjukkan maklumat bagi dua jenis zarah.

Based on the information in the table, both particles X and Y are Berdasarkan maklumat dalam jadual, zarah X dan zarah Y adalah A B C D

26.

Ammonium sulphate is used as a fertiliser. What is the percentage by mass of nitrogen in ammonium sulphate? [Relative atomic mass: H = 1; N = 14 ; O = 16; S = 32] Ammonium sulfat digunakan sebagai baja. Berapakah peratusan nitrogen mengikut jisim dalam ammonium sulfat? [Jisim atom relatif: H = 1; N = 14; O = 16: S = 32] A B C D

27.

In an experiment to estimate the size of an oil particle, the following data is obtained. Dalam satu eksperimen untuk menganggar saiz satu zarah minyak, data berikut diperoleh. = v cm3 Number of droplets in one drop of oil Bilangan titisan minyak dalam satu titik minyak =n

= a cm2

Assume that the oil patch is cylinder. What is the size of one oil particle? Anggapkan tompok minyak berbentuk silinder. Apakah saiz satu zarah minyak itu?

28.

The electron arrangements of atom U is 2.8.1 and atom V is 2.8.7. What is the molar mass of a compound formed when atom U combine with atom V? [Relative atomic mass: U = 23; V = 35.5] Susunan elektron bagi atom U ialah 2.81 dan atom V ialah 2.8.7. Apakah jisim molar bagi sebatian yang terbentuk apabila atom U bergabung dengan atom V? [Jisim atom relatif: U = 23; V = 35.5] A 152.5 g mol -B 94.0 g mol
1

81.5 g mol - D
1

58.5 g mol

29.

What is the number of moles of copper(II) nitrate in 56.4 g of copper(II) nitrate, Cu(NO3)2? [Relative atomic mass: O = 16, Cu = 64, N= 14] Berapakah bilangan mol kuprum(II) nitrat dalam 56.4 g kuprum(II) nitrat, Cu(NO3)2? [Jisim atom relatif: O = 16, Cu = 64, N = 14] A B C D

30.

The relative molecular mass of M2(SO4)3 is 342. What is the relative atomic mass of element M? [Relative atomic mass: O = 16, S = 32] Jisim molekul relatif bagi M2(SO4)3 ialah 342. Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi unsur M? [Jisim atom relatif: O = 16, S = 32] A B C D

31.

How many molecules are there in 150 cm3 of carbon dioxide, CO2 at room conditions? [Avogadro's constant = 6.02 1023 mol-1; Molar volume of gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 at room conditions] Berapakah bilangan molekul 150 cm3 karbon dioksida, CO2 pada keadaan bilik? [Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 1023 mol-1; Isi padu molar gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 pada keadaan bilik] A B C D

32.

Which of the following gases contains 0.4 mol of atoms at room temperature and pressure? [1 mol of gas occupies the volume of 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure] Antara gas berikut, yang manakah mengandungi 0.4 mol atom pada suhu dan tekanan bilik? [1 mol gas menempati isipadu sebanyak 24 dm3 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik] A B C D

33.

Element J and element Q have proton number of 12 and 9 respectively. What is the relative formula mass of a compound formed between J and Q? [Relative atomic mass: J = 24; Q = 19] Unsur J dan unsur Q masing-masing mempunyai nombor proton 12 dan 9. Berapakah jisim formula relatif bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara J dan Q? [Jisim atom relatif: J = 24; Q = 19] A 30 B 43 C 62 D 67

34.

The following chemical equation shows the reaction between iron and chlorine. Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan tindak balas antara ferum dan klorin.

1.12 g of iron burns completely in chlorine. What is the mass of the product? [Relative atomic mass: Cl = 35.5, Fe = 56] 1.12 g ferum terbakar lengkap dalam klorin. Berapakah jisim hasil tindak balas itu? [Jisim atom relatif: Cl = 35.5, Fe = 56] A B C D

35.

The proton number of atom R is 14 and its relative atomic mass is 28. Which statement is correct about R? Nombor proton bagi atom R ialah 14 dan jisim atom relatifnya ialah 28. Pernyataan manakah yang betul tentang R? A B C D

36.

The chemical formula for potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) is K3Fe(CN)6. What is its relative formula mass? Formula kimia bagi kalium heksasianoferat(III) adalah K3Fe(CN)6. Berapakah jisim formula relatifnya? [Relative atomic mass of C = 12, N = 14, K = 39 and Fe = 56] [Jisim atom relatif C = 12, N = 14, K = 39 dan Fe = 56] A 121 C 199 B 251 D 329

37.

The following equation represents a reaction. Cu(OH)2(s) + 2HNO3(aq) Cu(NO3)2(aq) + 2H2O(l) What are the reactants in this equation? Persamaan berikut mewakili satu tindak balas. Cu(OH)2(p) + 2HNO3(ak) Cu(NO3)2(ak) + 2H2O(ce) Apakah bahan-bahan tindak balas dalam persamaan ini? A B C D

38.

5 g of element X reacted with 8 g of element Y to form a compound with the formula XY2. What is the relative atomic mass of element X? 5 g unsur X bertindak balas dengan 8 g unsur Y untuk membentuk satu sebatian yang mempunyai formula XY2. Berapakah jisim atom relatif unsur X? Given that the relative atomic mass of Y = 80. Diberi jisim atom relatif Y = 80. A B C D

39. One mole of a substance is defined as the quantity of a substance that contains the same number of particles as in m g of element Y. What are m and Y? Satu mol bahan ditakrifkan sebagai kuantiti bahan yang mengandungi bilangan zarah yang sama seperti yang terdapat dalam m g unsur Y. Apakah m dan Y?

40.

The following equation shows the reaction between copper(II) oxide and sulphuric acid. Persamaan berikut menunjukkan tindak balas kuprum(II) oksida dengan asid sulfurik. CuO + H2SO4 CuSO4 + H2O 6.0 g copper(II) oxide is added to 50.0 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sulphuric acid. What is the mass of copper(II) oxide left at the end of the reaction? [Relative atomic mass: O = 16, Cu = 64] 6.0 g kuprum(II) oksida ditambah kepada 50.0 cm-3 asid sulfurik 1.0 mol dm-3. Berapakah jisim kuprum(II) oksida yang tinggal pada akhir tindak balas itu? [Jisim atom relatif: O = 16, Cu = 64] A B C D

41.

Diagram below shows three types of substances. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan tiga jenis bahan.

Diagram Rajah Which of the following is true about the substances in Diagram above? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang bahan-bahan pada Rajah di atas? I II III IV

A I and II only I dan II sahaja C I, II and IV only I, II dan IV sahaja

B III and IV only III dan IV sahaja D I, III and IV only I, III dan IV sahaja

42.

Sodium reacts with chlorine to form sodium chloride. Natrium bertindak balas dengan klorin untuk membentuk natrium klorida.

What is the mass of sodium chloride formed when 2.30 g of sodium reacts with excess chlorine? [Relative atomic mass: Na = 23, Cl = 35.5] Berapakah jisim natrium klorida yang terbentuk apabila 2.30 g natrium bertindak balas dengan klorin berlebihan? [Jisim atom relatif: Na = 23, Cl = 35.5] A B C D

43. Which compound has the correct formula? Sebatian manakah yang mempunyai formula yang betul?

44.

The empirical formula of copper oxide is determined by its reaction with hydrogen. The heating, cooling and weighing steps are repeated several times but a constant mass of the product is still not obtained. Formula empirik kuprum oksida ditentukan dengan tindak balasnya dengan hidrogen. Langkah pemanasan, penyejukan dan penimbangan diulang beberapa kali tetapi jisim hasil yang tetap masih tidak diperoleh. Which of the following can be done to get a constant mass of the product? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah boleh dilakukan untuk mendapat jisim hasil yang tetap? A B C D

45.

A sample of iron oxide contains 5.6 g of iron and 2.4 g of oxygen. What is the empirical formula of this compound? [Relative atomic mass: O = 16, Fe = 56] Suatu sampel ferum oksida mengandungi 5.6 g ferum dan 2.4 g oksigen. Apakah formula empirik bagi sebatian ini? [Jisim atom relatif: O = 16, Fe = 56] A B C D

46.

Which substance contains the same number of atoms as in 12 g of carbon? [Relative atomic mass: H = 1, C = 12, O = 16, Mg = 24, S = 32] Bahan manakah yang mengandungi bilangan atom yang sama dengan 12 g karbon? [Jisim atom relatif: H = 1, C = 12, O = 16, Mg = 24, S = 32] A B C D

47.

Which of the following statements is true for one mole of a substance? Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar bagi satu mol bahan? A B C D

48.

What is the minimum mass of zinc required to react with excess dilute nitric acid to produce 240 cm3 of hydrogen at room conditions? [Molar volume of gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 at room conditions; Relative atomic mass: Zn = 65] Berapakah jisim minimum zink yang diperlukan untuk bertindak balas dengan asid nitrik cair yang berlebihan untuk menghasilkan 240 cm3 hidrogen pada keadaan bilik? [Isi padu molar gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 pada keadaan bilik; Jisim atom relatif: Zn = 65] A 0.33 g B 0.65 g C 1.30 g D 6.50 g

49.

The following equation shows the decomposition reaction of copper(II) carbonate when heated at room temperature and pressure. Persamaan berikut menunjukkan tindak balas penguraian kuprum(II) karbonat apabila dipanaskan pada suhu dan tekanan bilik. CuCO3 CuO + CO 2 Which of the following is not true when 1 mol of copper(II) carbonate is decomposed? [Relative atomic mass: C = 12, O = 16, Cu = 64 and 1 mol of gas occupies the volume of 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure.] Antara yang berikut, yang manakah tidak benar apabila 1 mol kuprum(II) karbonat terurai? [Jisim atom relatif: C = 12, O = 16, Cu = 64 dan 1 mol gas menempati isipadu sebanyak 24 dm3 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik] A B C D

50.

A hydrocarbon compound is burnt completely in air to form 17.6 g of carbon dioxide gas and 7.2 g of water. What is the molecular formula of the hydrocarbon compound? Satu sebatian hidrokarbon dibakar dengan lengkap di udara menghasilkan 17.6 g gas karbon dioksida dan 7.2 g air. Apakah formula molekul sebatian hidrokarbon itu? Given that the relative atomic mass of C = 12, H = 1, O = 16. Diberi jisim atom relatif C = 12, H = 1, O = 16. A C2H6 C C3H8 B C4H8 D C4H10