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The benchmark Standardless analysis

Analytical strategies Introduction standardless analysis Omnian advantages Omnian features

Omnian - The benchmark

Analytical strategies
Conventional calibration or Standardless analysis? PK?
Highest precision Highest accuracy

Highest measurement efficiency

Full traceability

Full flexibility

Good accuracy without in-type standards Good comparative data/trend analysis / Ideal screening tool

Omnian - The benchmark

Introduction Standardless analysis

Complete composition of most types of unknown materials can be quantified with a single calibration program
Calibration set up with a selected range of reference materials to calibrate the instrument response

Covers all common elements that can be measured by XRF: by default O-U O-UXRF Makes use of (a form of) Fundamental Parameter (FP) calculations to correct for all sample-matrix specific properties Handles most types of samples, including solids, pressed powders, fused beads, loose powders and liquids
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Introduction Standardless analysis

How is a quantitative result obtained?

Two steps:
1. Determine which elements are present in the sample 2. Calculate the concentration of each element that is present. This gives the total sample composition
NOTE: A conventional analysis only has to deal with step 2, because the elements of interest are already known.

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Omnian advantages
The right result every time

Easy to use Problem solving power for your analytical challenges

Omnian - The benchmark

The right result every time

The basis of a good result is to obtain accurate net intensities

Having advanced algorithms for the determination of background, peak search & match and lineoverlaps

Using a scan-based measurement program, for a comprehensive picture of the sample

but can be combined with peak measurements for higher precision and lower detection limits for key elements
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The right result every time

By using scans a comprehensive picture of the sample is given:
Allowing both qualitative and quantitative analysis

Quick visual screening or full quantification

Providing an accurate background profile Superior to the estimations obtained from fixed background positions Providing a view of all peaks and backgrounds across the periodic table Reduces the chance of incorrect element identification

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The right result every time

Omnians advanced FP algorithms deal with:
Finite thickness characteristics of thinner samples Fluorescence Volume Geometry (FVG)
Contribution to the analysis of deeper layers in light-matrix samples

Unmeasured Dark Matrix compound by using the Compton scatter

Allowing accurate quantification of total sample composition

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Easy to use
Handles almost all sample types with one calibration program
Solids, pressed powders, fused beads, loose powders and liquids

Omnian - The benchmark


Easy to use
Scaleable from routine to advanced usage

Easy operation procedure for daily routine usage

Advanced functions for experienced users to fine tune analytical parameters

Results can be viewed in the SuperQ results viewer


Easy comparison of data

Print or transfer to LIMS system LIMS

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Easy to use daily operation process

1. Place your sample on the Axios changer 1. Simply assign the Omnian application to the chosen sample location Omnian 2. Fill in sample preparation details if applicable 1. Measure!

Omnian - The benchmark


Easy to use daily operation process

After measurement completion the result is displayed automatically

For further results evaluation, the SuperQ results viewer is used

For comparison of different analyses For applying statistics For editing of results

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Problem solving power

Quantitative analysis
In case a non-routine sample has to be analyzed In case no reference materials are present

Quick screening
For determination of the sample type (e.g. for further processing steps) For screening on presence of specific elements
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Problem solving power

R&D analysis tool
For analyses of all types of samples For detailed investigation of results

Failure analysis

To identify steps in a process where things might go wrong, e.g by analyzing: A particular bolt or screw A powder that was found in an instrument; it might come from components wear

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Problem solving power

Comparative analysis
For comparison of different samples To distinguish samples on matrix differences (e.g. stainless vs. low-alloy steel or PE vs. PVC polymer) PE PVC Helps to monitor and steer your process by comparing samples from different batches

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Omnian features
Advanced technology Boosting the accuracy with ASC

FastScan analysis Easy data retrieval

Omnian - The benchmark


Advanced technology
Omnians advanced FP algorithms deal with:
Finite thickness characteristics
High-energy lines will have a larger penetration depth in the sample than low energy lines The penetration depth in light matrices is larger than in heavy matrices

Irradiated and detected (Penetration depth) Not irradiated and detected

FP corrects in case the sample is not infinite thick for all measured energies

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Advanced technology
Omnians advanced FP algorithms deal with:
Fluorescence Volume Geometry (FVG)

The irradiated area of a light-matrix sample is not only determined by the penetration depth
It is also determined by the geometry of the optical path

FP corrects for the FVG effect It takes into account the real geometry of the irradiated area, which is far more complex than the wedge-shape as drawn in the picture

Irradiated and detected Not irradiated and detected


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Example FVG and Finite Thickness effect

FVG Polymer CRM: BCR681k
2 mm FT
BCR 681k Certified
Element Conc. (ppm)

(16 mm)Cd-Ka ( )

Cd-Ka in thick PE sample
160 140 120 Concentration (ppm) 100 80 60 40 20 0 With FVG and FT No FVG, with FT No FVG, No FT Measured

1 disc

1 disc, no FT

S Cl Cr As Br Cd Sb (La) Hg Pb

630 800 100 29.1 770 137 99 23.7 98

Conc. (ppm) Conc. (ppm) 589 581


927 102 38 809 148 77 20 108

914 98 18 300 19 75 10 36

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Example FVG and Finite Thickness effect

The scans show the big differences in intensity between the 1 and 8 disc measurements
This all needs to be corrected for! 1 8

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Advanced technology
FP calculates the Dark Matrix compounds from the measured Compton-scattered tube intensity

This Compton intensity is reversely proportional to the density of the sample

A heavy matrix (e.g. Copper) will have low Compton scatter whereas a light matrix (e.g. B4C) will have a high Compton scatter: B4C

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Example Calculation of Dark Matrix compound

Example: B in glass
This clearly indicates that using the Compton intensity gives a far more accurate result Example: LOI in Limestone There is not much difference between calculating LOI as balance or from the Compton line, but: this comparison gives a clear indication of the correctness of the results! ,
GBW07215a, Limestone fused bead Certified Measured Measured (wt%) (wt%) (wt%) 0.072 0.072 Na2O MgO 2.29 2.266 2.262 0.77 0.812 0.811 Al2O3 SiO2 1.8 1.951 1.947 SO3 0.755 0.716 0.714 0.168 0.134 0.133 K2O CaO 51.2 51.31 51.041 0.446 0.571 0.562 Fe2O3 SrO 0.041 0.039 Compton 40.549 Balance 42.42 L.O.I.:

NBS 1411, glass Certified Measured Measured (wt%) (wt%) (wt%) 10.94 Compton 10.1 Balance 20.2 B2O3 F ~0.5 0 0 10.14 11.1 10.3 Na2O MgO 0.33 0.32 0.29 5.68 6.04 5.43 Al2O3 SiO2 58.04 57.9 51.6 K2O 2.97 2.7 2.33 2.18 2.2 1.89 CaO Fe2O3 0.05 0.059 0.049 3.85 4.04 3.36 ZnO SrO 0.09 0.092 0.076 5 5.33 4.35 BaO TiO2 0.02 0 0
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Boosting the accuracy

Adaptive Sample Characterization (ASC)
Seamlessly bridges the gap between standardless and conventional analysis

ASC automatically selects the calibration line that best corrects for: Specific sample matrices or concentration ranges Variations in sample preparation methods Enhancing the accuracy while maintaining the flexibility of standardless analysis

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Example Using ASC

Use ASC for calibration lines of Al, Si and Ca
All results clearly improve! ASC AlSi Ca
Rawmix pressed pellet ASC Default Certified Measured Measured (wt%) (wt%) (wt%) Na2O 0.202 0.206 0.205 1.504 1.267 1.252 MgO Al2O3 3.194 3.358 2.591 12.726 13.331 10.547 SiO2 P2O5 0.118 0.082 0.077 SO3 0.631 0.595 0.56 0.608 0.529 0.494 K2O CaO 44.06 44.778 39.85 0.314 0.307 0.278 TiO2 MnO 0.054 0.043 0.038 2.035 2.063 1.673 Fe2O3 SrO 0.074 0.07 0.063 34.48 33.159 42.177 CO2
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Use of ASC increases the accuracy

Especially for Si

CKD 238 Al alloy Certified (wt%) 0.32 11.78 0.16 0.145 0.56 0.03 0.37 0.32 ASC Default Measured Measured (wt%) (wt%) 0.296 0.301 12.083 13.949 0.163 0.14 0.004 0.004 0.138 0.133 0.584 0.579 0.021 0.025 0.395 0.474 0.236 0.307 0.008 0.008 0.001 0.001 0.007 0.007 86.064 84.071

Mg Si Ti Cr Mn Fe Ni Cu Zn Ga Zr Pb Al (bal)

FastScan analysis
FastScan analysis is a unique feature of Omnian coupled with an Axios spectrometer OmnianAxios
For a quick determination of all majors and minors

For samples that are likely to be damaged by X-rays


With a measurement time of about 1 minute the scan program covers the complete periodic table 1 Combining FastScan with selected peak measurements, the accuracy for critical or lowconcentration elements can be increased

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Easy data retrieval

Omnian is built into the proven SuperQ analysis software platform

Omnian SuperQ Results fully integrate into SuperQ results viewers

Easy comparison of data Print or transfer to files or LIMS LIMS Default measurement program can be easily extended with extra scans or peak measurements

Omnian - The benchmark


Omnian the benchmark

With Omnian: Omnian You get the right results every time
with an easy to use package with problem solving power for your analytical challenges!

Omnian - The benchmark


Application examples

Application example Aluminum alloys

Default calibration is used

CKD 236 Al alloy CKD 240 Al alloy CKD 242 Al alloy CKD 245 Al alloy Default Default Default Default Certified Measured Certified Measured Certified Measured Certified Measured (wt%) (wt%) (wt%) (wt%) (wt%) (wt%) (wt%) (wt%) Mg 0.21 0.212 0.66 0.669 7.50 7.533 4.39 4.491 7.46 7.849 10.13 11.468 0.33 0.376 1.80 1.932 Si Ti 0.025 0.027 0.07 0.058 0.10 0.087 0.095 0.088 0.27 0.27 0.01 0.005 0.52 0.498 Mn Fe 0.23 0.227 0.45 0.452 0.05 0.051 0.74 0.727 Ni 0.36 0.361 0.91 1.069 0.209 0.21 0.237 0.7 0.831 0.005 0.008 0.19 0.225 Cu Zn 0.05 0.041 0.06 0.059 0.01 0.019 0.14 0.198 0.007 0.006 0.006 0.008 Ga Zr 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.023 90.945 85.1 92.001 91.588 Al (bal)

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Application example failure analysis

Metal drillings

Certified Element Si P S V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu As 0.04 6.26 15.2 0.78 (%) 0.42 0.016 0.016

Measured (%) 0.889 0.01 0.058 0.029 16.008 0.789 74.701 0.034 7.003 0.175 0.023

Pressed in boric acid Default calibration is used

The results are obtained by normalizing to 100 % 100%

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Application example ASC

Manganese Ore Pressed Powder Low Si Aluminum Alloy

Omnian - The benchmark