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Simplex transmission Simplex transmission is a mode of data transmission in which a transmission path can carry information in one direction

only-from the source to the sink. For example, a print job is only sent from the computer to the printer Simplex transmission allows data to travel only in a single, pre specified direction. An example from everyday life is doorbell the signal can go only from the button to the chime. Two other examples are television and radio broadcasting. The simplex standard is relatively uncommon for most types of computer-based telecommunications applications; even devices that are designed primarily to receive information, such as printers must be able to communicate acknowledgement signals back to the sender devices. In half duplex transmission messages can move in either direction , but only one way at a time. The press to talk radio phones used in police cars employ the half-duplex standard; only one person can talk at a time. Often the line between a desktop workstationand a remote CPU conforms to the half duplex patterns as well. If another computer is transmitting to a workstation, the operator cannot send new messages until the other computer finishes its message to acknowledge an interruption. A half-duplex (HDX) system provides communication in both directions, but only one direction at a time (not simultaneously). Typically, once a party begins receiving a signal, it must wait for the transmitter to stop transmitting, before replying (antennas are of trans-receiver type in these devices, so as to transmit and receive the signal as well). An example of a half-duplex system is a two-party system such as a "walkie-talkie" style two-way radio, wherein one must use "Over" or another previously designated command to indicate the end of transmission, and ensure that only one party transmits at a time, because both parties transmit and receive on the same frequency. A good analogy for a half-duplex system would be a one-lane road with traffic controllers at each end. Traffic can flow in both directions, but only one direction at a time, regulated by the traffic controllers. In automatically run communications systems, such as two-way data-links, the time allocations for communications in a half-duplex system can be firmly controlled by the hardware. Thus, there is no waste of the channel for switching. For example, station A on one end of the data link could be allowed to transmit for exactly one second, and then station B on the other end could be allowed to transmit for exactly one second. And then this cycle repeats over and over again.

Full duplex transmission works like traffic on a busy two way street the flow moves in two directions at the same time. Full-duplexing is ideal for hardware units that need to pass large amounts of data between each other as in mainframe-to-mainframe communications.

Full Duplex transmission indicates the transmission of data in two directions simultaneously. For example, on a local area network with full-duplex transmission, one workstation can be sending data on the line while another workstation is receiving data. On the other hand, a half duplex transmission indicates that data transmission happens only in one direction at a time. The most common example of a full-duplex network is the telephone system. Both parties can speak simultaneously during a telephone call and each party can also hear the other at the same time. An example of a half-duplex communication system is a two-way radio like a CB radio, in which only one party can transmit at any one time, and each party must say "over" to signal that he or she has finished talking. With the right equipment, full-duplex communication is possible on certain types of LANs. The first requirement is a separate channel for traffic running in each direction. Whether this is possible depends on the network medium. Coaxial cable, for example, contains a single conductor and a ground, so there is no physical way that traffic could run in both directions, unless you were to install two cable runs for each connection. Twisted pair cable, on the other hand, contains four separate wire pairs within a single sheath, one of which is dedicated to incoming traffic and one to outgoing. Networks that use this type of cable can therefore theoretically operate in full-duplex mode, and some manufacturers are making Ethernet equipment that makes this possible. Full-duplex Ethernet essentially doubles the throughput of the existing network.