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Laporan Pratikum

Practicum Report

Practicum Report

Individual Praticum:Titration
Nanda Hadi Gustian XI.IA.4

Practicum Report

Practicum Report

Laporan Pratikum

Nanda Hadi Gustian Laporan Individu Pratikum XI.IA.4 1

INTRODUCTION

Assalamualaikum Wr. Wb. Alhamdulillah, our gratitude Allah SWT Because of the grace and the gift was praticum report this chemical can be resolved. Thanks to Ms. Khaira Rawita which has led authors to compile the report. This report contains statements about practices of the titration. Acids and bases has been known since ancient times. The term acid derived from the Latin meaning acetum vinegar. The term basic (alkaline) derived from the Arabic meaning of ash. Bases used in the manufacture of soap. Also has long been known that acids and bases neutralize each other. In nature, the acid found in fruits, such as citric acid in citrus fruit serves to give a sharp taste of lemonade. Vinegar contains acetic acid, and acid Tanak of bark used for tanning leather. Stronger mineral acids have been made since the Middle Ages, one of which is aqua Forti (nitric acid) are used by researchers to separate gold and silver. The report is structured in such a way so that readers can understand the contents of the report. Hopefully this report will add insight readers as well. So is the report was made, apologize for any shortcomings. Wassalamualaikum Wr.WB Pekanbaru, 20 November 2011

Writter

Nanda Hadi Gustian Laporan Individu Pratikum XI.IA.4 2

TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 2 Table of Contents ................................................................................................................ 3 1. Landasan teori................................................................................................................. 4 A. Konsep PH .................................................................................................................. 4 B. Pengukuran PH ........................................................................................................... 4 2. Pratikum .......................................................................................................................... 8 A. Tujuan Penelitian .................................................................................................... 8 B. Alat dan Bahan ........................................................................................................ 8 C. Cara Kerja ................................................................................................................ 8 D. Hasil Pratikum ......................................................................................................... 9 3. Analisis data .................................................................................................................... 10 4. Kesimpulan ...................................................................................................................... 10

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1.

BASIS OF THEORY

Eg 1 mL solution of substance A is equivalent to 0.010 grams of NaOH. It is said that the titer of the NaOH standard solution A was 0.010 grams. Titration is the way of analysis of the measurement of the amount of solution needed to react with substances that are fixed in other solutions. The analysis relates with the volumes of reagent solution called volumetric analysis. In volumetric terms are also used to mean titer equivalent weight of a substance with 1 mL of standard solution. Equivalent point Alpha Volumetric determination of levels of substance B as follows. On the solution of substance B from a burette titration dropwise) A standard solution until the equivalent point is reached, namely to:

Banyak mol zat A : banyak mol zat B = perbandingan koefisiennya menurut persamaan reaksi.
In the titration equivalent point was determined by using an indicator is a substance that must be changed at the equivalent point is reached. change indicator can be a color change. For the titration of acids and bases: When performed in a solution of strong acids with strong bases swapped an acidic one, or a strong acid with strong base swapped two acidic two formulas are applied as follows.

Nanda Hadi Gustian Laporan Individu Pratikum XI.IA.4 4

2.
A. B.

PRATICUM

Aim : To determine the concentration of acetic acid. Solution using the titration method. Apparatus and Material Apparatus: 1. Burrete 2. Conical flask 3. Volumetric pippete 4. Baker glass 5. Funnel 6. Retort stand with clamps 7. Graduated cylinder of 10 mL 8. White tile Material 1. Vinegar (acetic acid) 2. Sodium hydroxide 0,1 M solution 3. Phenolplathalein indicator 4. Distilled water Procedure 1. Take 1 mL of vinegar using graduated cylinder and add distilled water until 10 mL 2. Transfer the solution into conical flask, then add 2 drop of pheenophthalein 3. The conical flask inshaken so that both solution are mixed well 4. The burrete is rinsed with Sodium hydroxide 0,1 M solution and filled with the same base 5. The conical flask containing vinegar is placed on top of the white tile at the base of the retort stand 6. Initial volume of sodium hydroxide in the burrete is recorded 7. Sodium hydroxide is added slowly into the conical flask while the conical flask is shaken until the colour of solution change to pink (end point/neutral point) 8. The final volume of sodium hydroxide on the burette is recorded 9. The titration process is repeated 2-3 times to abstain the averagee volume of sodium hydroxide that is more accurate

C.

Nanda Hadi Gustian Laporan Individu Pratikum XI.IA.4 5

D.

Ressult Number of Titration 1. 2. 3. Average Volume of Vinegar 10 10 10 10 Volume of Sodium Hydroxide solution V initial 42 mL 53,6 mL 69,8 mL 55,13 mL V final 53,6 mL 69,8 mL 84,4 mL 69,27 mL V = Vf-Vi 11,6 mL 16,2 mL 14,6 mL 14,14 mL Molarity of Vinegar 0,116 M 0,162 M 0,146 M 0,141 M

3.
1. N1 V1 = N2 V2 0,1*11,6 = N2 10 N2 = 0,116 M 2. N1 V1 = N2 V2 0,1*16,2 = N2 10 N2 = 0,162 M

DATA ANALYSIS 3. N1 V1 = N2 V2 0,1*14,6 = N2 10 N2 = 0,146 M

M 1 V1 1*M1 M1

= M2 V2 = 10*0,141 = 1,41

4.

CONCLUSION

With Titration experiment, we can know concentration of the substance with doing the reaction some volume of that substance with other volume of substance that we know it concentration. Reaction That Always happen in titration is neutralization reaction. Titration reaction always using acid and base indicator that can show changing of the colour substance and it helps in understanding the science behind the pH.As you can find now,whether your area water has some stagnate water mixed with it or not could be determined by you,Instead of going to any government labs or technologies.It is something practical and the other is it is the basic and important step to start chemistry.

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