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Question 1 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

In the long run, which strategy would be most appropriate for dealing with the stress that Tom is experiencing because he failed to make the football team? Answer Find some manner or means of seeking revenge on those responsible. Learn to play some other sport or activity. Keep trying and trying until he makes the team. Deny to others and to himself that he ever wanted to play in the first place. 4 points Question 2 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Persons of higher socioeconomic status are ___________ likely than persons of low socioeconomic status to experience negative life events and have ___________ resources available to deal with those events. Answer less; fewer less; more. more; fewer more; more 4 points Question 3 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Which of the following is NOT a very effective means of dealing with stress? Answer

making a cognitive reappraisal of the situation modifying ones own behaviors seeking social support changing the other persons behaviors by behaving aggressively 4 points Question 4 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Of these ethnic/racial groups, a person of which is the MOST likely to be diagnosed with cancer? Answer Asian Americans African Americans Caucasian Americans Latino Americans 4 points Question 5 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. The two basic types of frustration are Answer central and peripheral. primary and secondary. personal and environmental. surface and deep. 4 points

Question 6 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

A real or perceived threat to ones sense of well-being is the definition of Answer anxiety. frustration. stress. a stressor. 4 points Question 7 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Stress caused by the blocking of goal-directed behavior is ___________ stress. Answer physiologically-induced frustration-induced conflict-induced life-change-induced 4 points Question 8 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Differences between people with Type A personalities and those with Type B personalities Answer

show up mostly when people are exposed to stressors. are less extensive than personality differences between men and women. are present in nearly all situations. sound sensible, but really do not exist. 4 points Question 9 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Which of the following is really NOT a prerequisite for success at giving up smoking? Answer having the right time frame in which to try. a willingness to keep trying after an initial failure. having someone else to monitor and prod cessation. giving it up for one's own reason(s). 4 points Question 10 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. A sexually transmitted disease which, at the moment, has no cure is Answer syphilis. chlamydia. gonorrhea. AIDS. 4 points

Question 11 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by Answer blood and sperm cells. unknown factors. bacteria. a virus. 4 points Question 12 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. You could sit at home and be bored watching TV, or you could do your homework. The alternative is to baby-sit for your nephew, who you think is a brat. You are in the grips of a(n) ___________ conflict. Answer multiple approach-avoidance avoidance-avoidance frustrating approach-avoidance 4 points Question 13 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Of these, which method for treating physical diseases that are at least partially due to psychological factors is most cost effective? Answer

surgery behavioral interventions drugs or medications all are equally cost effective 4 points Question 14 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Biofeedback is a(n) ___________-focused technique for dealing with stress. Answer problem cognitively emotion avoidance 4 points Question 15 Choose the alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. When Selye wrote about a "general adaptation syndrome," what was it that was adapting? Answer the balance between conscious and unconscious reactions to stress internal physiological processes the person's cognitive networks of stress reactions the balance between affective, cognitive, and behavioral reactions to stress 4 points

Question 16 The three successive phases of the general adaptation syndrome are: Answer attention, comprehension, and resistance. alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion. adrenal release, cognitive appraisal, and stomach ulceration. reactive frustration, sympathetic arousal, and parasympathetic inhibition. 4 points Question 17 Resistance to stress is greatest during ________ of the GAS. Answer Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 4 points Question 18 The threat to one's immune system is greatest during ________ of the GAS. Answer Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4

4 points Question 19 Research on stressful life events indicates that: Answer those who live a relatively peaceful, monastic life actually suffer a higher-than-average rate of heart attacks. those who have been recently widowed or divorced are more vulnerable to disease and death. survivors of a natural disaster are immunized against stress and have fewer long-term health problems. all of the above are true. 4 points Question 20 Based on our discussion in class on stress and SES, you would figure that life expectancy is ________ correlated with wealth and ________ correlated with income inequality. Answer positively; positively. negatively; negatively positively; negatively negatively; positively 4 points Question 21 Who is the best example of a Type A personality? Answer Philip, a competitive, hard-driving corporation president

Kane, a relaxed, easy-going mail carrier Valentin, a self-confident, intelligent journalist Thomas, an introverted, inhibited mental patient 4 points Question 22 Who is the best example of a Type B personality? Answer George, a self-confident, time-conscious mail carrier Wang Lung, a relaxed, easy-going dentist Henry, an irritable, impatient college professor Stasio, a fun-loving, hard-driving corporation president 4 points Question 23 Chronic anger ________ the risk of heart disease, and chronic depression ________ the risk of heart disease. Answer increases; decreases increases; increases decreases; decreases has no effect on; increases increases; has no effect on 4 points Question 24 Stress (the big bad psychological wolf) lowers the body's resistance to:

Answer viral infections. bacterial infections. cancer. heart disease. all of the above. 4 points Question 25 Bernard is an ambitious, highly competitive corporation lawyer who recently had a heart attack. He tends to be impatient and a perfectionist, and he gets angry over little things. Research suggests that Bernard's susceptibility to heart attacks may be most closely linked to his: Answer ambition. anger. impatience. perfectionism. competitiveness.