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Lectures on Quantum Mechanics for Mathematics Students STUDENT MATHEMATICAL LIBRARY Volume 47 Lectures on Quantum Mechanics for Mathematics Students L. D. Faddeev O. A. Yakubovskii Translated by Harold McFaden @AMS American Mathematical Society Editorial Board Gerald B, Folland Brad G. Osgood (Chair) Robin Forman Michael Starbird ‘The cover graphic was generated by Matt Strassler with help from Peter Skands. Processed through CMS by Albert De Roeck, Christophe Saout and Joanna Weng. Visualized by Janna Osborne. Copyright CERN. 2000 Mothematics Subject Classification. Primary 81-1, 81Qxx. For additional information and updates on this book, visit ‘ Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Faddeev, L. D. [Lektsit po Kvantovoi mekhanike diia studentov-maatematikov. English] Lectures on quantum mechanics for mathematical students / I. D. Faddeev, 0. A. Yakuborsisi. — [English ed | cm. — (Student mathematical library jv. 47) ISBN 978.0.8218-4609-5 (alk. paper) 1, Quantuin theory. T. Takubovski, Oley Aleksandrovich, Il. Title, gc174.125.F3213 2009 580,12 ~de22 2008052885, Copying and reprinting. Individual readers of ths publication, and nonprofit "ibrares acting for them, are permitted to make fair use of the maiefal, such as Lo ‘copy & chapter for use in teaching or research. Periusslon is granted to quot brief passages from this publication in teviews, provided the customary acknowleigment of {he source fe give: Republication, systematic copying, or multiple reproduction of any mater inthis publication ix permitted only under license from the American Matheinatial Society. Requests for sch permission should be addremed to the Acquisitions Departient, American Mathematical Society, 201 Charles Street, Providence, Rhode Island 02904. 2294, USA. Requests can also be made by email to reprint. perbiseiontaae.or2 2009 by the American Mathematical Society. All rghts reserved. ‘The American Mathematieal Society retains all rights ‘except thoso granted to the United States Government Printed in the United States of America. © The paper used in this book is acid-free and falls within the guidelines ‘established to ensure permanence and durability Visit the AMS home page at http: //wew.ans.ore/ 10987654321 141312111009 Contents Preface Preface to the English Edition §L. The algebra of observables in classical mechanics §2. States §3. Liouville's theorem, and two pietures of motion in classical mechanics §4. Physical bases of quantum mechanics §5. A finite-dimensional model of quantum mechanies §6. States in quantum mechanics §7. Heisenberg uncertainty relations §8. Physical meaning of the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of observables §9. Two pictures of motion in quantum mechanics. The Schrédinger equation. Stationary states §10. Quantum mechanics of real systems, The Heisenberg commutation relations §11. Coordinate and momentum representations §12. “Bigenfunctions” of the operators Q and P §13. The energy, the angular momentum, and other examples of observables 13 15 aT 36 39 44 49 ge 63