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Induction motor

PT. Abdibangun Buana


Brain Power TM

Asynchronous squirrel cage motor


Used in the majority of industrial applications. Motors represent 2/3 of all electricity consumption To convert electrical energy into rotational energy ! Simple, economical and rugged motor
Ventilation 13% Others 37% Pumping 20%

Compression 30%
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Construction
Most often totally enclosed construction
IP 44 IP 55

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Key Gasket V-ring D end shield Stator winding Terminal board Terminal box gasket Terminal box cover D eng bearing

9.

Inner bearing cover

10. Rotor with shaft 11. N end bearing 12. Spring washer 13. N end shield 14. Fan 15. Fan cover 16. Stator frame

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Frame materials

Frame size / Shift height 63 71 80 90 100 112 132 160

Output power [kW] 0,18 0,25 0,55 0,55 1,1 1,1 1,5 4 3 5,5 5,5 11 11 - 18,5

Frame size / Shift height 180 200 225 250 280 315 355 400

Output power [kW] 18,5 30 30 - 48 37 - 73 55 - 95 75 160 110 315 200 400 450 - 630

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Frame materials

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Type of motor based on application


Standard type Ex Explosion proof motor for hazardous area

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Poles
Operation 3-phase motor with one pair of poles. N (rpm) = 120.f / p 2 poles = 3000 rpm, 4 poles = 1500 rpm, 6 poles = 1000 rpm, 8 poles = 750 rpm

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Cycles
Operation of 3 phase motor with one pair of poles The currents are offset by an electrical angle of 120
I1 + I maxi I2 I3

I maxi

The rotating field makes 1 revolution in 1 cycle

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Type of mounting
Mounting of motor should be defined to load position or type of applications otherwise the life time of motor bearing will be short.

IM 1 00 1 Designation for international mounting Type of construction, foot mounted with 2 bearing end shields Mounting arrangement, horizontal mounting with feet downwards External shaft extension, one cylindrical shaft extension

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IM mounting arrangement

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Bearings
Motors

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Connection terminals

Terminal boxes are mounted either on the top of the motor, or an either side of the motor. Degree of protection of standard terminal box is IP 55.

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Motor efficiency
Hi-efficiency will give energy saving consumption. It will cut the overhead of productions cost.

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Question - 1
Question : A 3 induction motor has 3 slot per poles per phase. If supplied frequency is 50 Hz, then please calculate : a) No. of stator poles ? b) No. overall stator slot ? c) Rotation speed of stator ?

Answer : a) p = 2n = 2x3 = 6 poles b) p = 6 poles x 3 phase = 18 slot c) Ns = 120f/p = 120x50/6 = 1000 rpm

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Question - 2
Question : A 3 induction motor operates a frequency 50 Hz. Please calculate : a) speed of stator magnetic field at rotation ? b) speed of rotor when slip 4%. c) frequency of rotor current when slip 3% Answer : a) Ns = 120f /p = 120 x 50/4 = 1500 rpm b) N = Ns(1 s) = 1500(1 0.04) = 1440 rpm c) f = sf = 0,03 x 50 = 1,5 rps = 90 rpm

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Question - 3
Question : A 3 induction motor is connected in delta 380 VAC, the rotor has resistance and reactance in succession 1 and 4 . Please calculate the torque of induction motor when starting!

Answer : Tst = k2E22R2/(R22+X22) = 380x1/(1+42) = 8494 Nm

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Question - 4
Question : A 3 induction motor is connected in delta 380 VAC with the nominal power 10 HP and rotate with speed 1500 rpm. Please calculate the torque of induction motor! If the starting is 1.3Tn, calculate the starting torque. Answer : P = T = T . 2n / 60 a) T = 60 P/(2n) = 60x746x10 / (2x3,14x1500) = 47,5 Nm b) Ts = 1,3 x Tn = 1,3 x 47,5 = 61,75 Nm

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Brain Power TM