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# STAT 350

PRACTICE EXAM 1

1. Consider the Histograms for random samples for size of wineries. (5 points)

a. b. 2.

Describe the shape (commenting on the number of modest present, symmetry or skewness and presence of any outliers) of the frequency histogram. For the previous data set which is larger the mean or the median? Why?

Measures of center and measures of spread (10 points) Consider the following data set of a sample of 10 exam scores 9.7 6.3 5.4 4.8 7.2 8.5 8.1 Where a. b. What is the median of the sample data set? What is the mean of the sample data set?

x = 74.4 x

7.6

9.0

7.8

= 575.28

c.

## What is the standard deviation of the sample data set?

3. An instructor gives Exam 1 in Stat 350. She grades the exam out of 10 points. The exam has a mean of 8.5 points and a standard
deviation of 1.6 points. The instructor later learns that all the exams are graded out of 100 points. So she rescales all grades by multiplying each one by 10 (ie if the original grade was 7.8 points, the new grade would be 78 points 7.8 10 = 78 points). What are the new mean and standard deviation? [5 points]

4.

A research facility has a position open. The probability that an applicant has had lab safety training is 0.78. The probability that an applicant has had hazardous material training is 0.56. The probability that an applicant has had either safety training or hazardous material training is 0.90. a. b. What is the probability that an applicant has had both safety training and hazardous material training? [5 points] Are safety training and hazardous material training mutually exclusive? Why or why not? [5 points]

5. a.

The population of registered voters in a large city is known to be 45% Republican and 55% Democrat. We know that 30% of the Republican voters support candidate A for mayor. We know 70% of Democrat voters support candidate A for mayor. What is the probability that a randomly selected voter in this city supports candidate A for mayor? [7 points] Given that a randomly selected person voted for candidate A, what is the probability that they are a Democrat? [8 points] Are the events of support for the candidate for mayor and being a Democrat independent? Why or why not? [5 points]

b. c.

6. Component Problem [10 points] Consider the system of components connected as in the accompanying picture. Components 1 and 2 are connected in parallel so that the system works if and only if either 1 or 2 works. Since 3 and 4 are connected in series, that subsystem works if and only if 3 and 4 both work. If components work independently of one another and P (component works) = 0.8, calculate the probability the system works. SEE PICTURE FOR #80 ON PAGE 81

7. An automobile service facility specializing in tune ups knows that 50% of all tune-ups cost \$40.00, 40% of all tune-ups cost \$56.00,
and 10% of all tune-ups cost \$76.00. Let X = cost of the tune-up. The probability mass function of X, pmf of X, is: x P(x) a. b. c. 8. 40 0.50 56 0.4 0 76 0.1 0

Find P(45 < x) [5 points] Find E(X) [5 points] Find the Standard deviation of X. [5 points]

A certain class is given a multiple choice exam of 20 questions with each question having four possible answers. A student does not study and randomly guesses on all of the questions. Let X = the # of questions the student gets correct. a. b. c. d. e. What is the distribution of X? Why? [4 points] What is the probability that a student answers at most 5 questions correctly? [5 points] What is the probability that the student answer exactly 5 questions correctly? [5 points] What is the mean of X, E(X)? [5 points] What is the standard deviation of X? [6 points]