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Implementing LTE with IMS

Rebecca Copeland Head of Strategic Solutions European Core Networks

ETSI IMS Implementation Deployment and Testing Sophia Antipolis France, 24/25 November 2010

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

www.huawei.com

Implementing LTE with IMS

Content
Role of IMS in LTE Handover SRVCC and ICS QoS Evolution Migration to a Universal User Database Interoperating IM with SMS

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Rebecca Copeland Head of Strategic Solutions European Core Networks

Huawei is Leading in LTE/EPC Deployments


18+ commercial contracts
Sweden Norway Oslo

60 trials ongoing
Armenia , Uzbekistan USA

Worlds 1st LTELTEEPC Commercial Launch

Latvia

Poland

Germany Kuwait

Major partnership from 2G/3G to LTELTEEPC

Shanghai, Guangzhou

Worlds 1st Commercial PCC deployment in EPC

Worlds 1st EPC commercial site with end to end QoS

T-Mobile: major Migration Partner from 2/3G to LTE/EPC China Mobile: Worlds 1 end to end QoS EPC Cox: 1st Commercial PCC deployment in EPC TeliaSonera: Worlds 1 commercial launched EPC
st st

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Huawei IMS is now rolling


52%
60% 40% 20% 0% Fixed FMC Mobile More than 120 (10Q2) contracts globally
Europe 19% China 30%

25%

23%

CIS 8% Asia Pacific 14% American 11% Middle East & Africa 18%

Hungary - the earliest large-scale commercial deployment of IMS Commercial TAS for DT Germany Large IMS PSTN Migration in Asia, within 4M subscribers North America, large VoCable network with PC2.0 architecture compliant An overwhelming market share in China, more than 12M IMS subscribers

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Evolution from GPRS/CS to LTE


LTE

separates the signalling path from the media path LTE allows one MME to be paired with any available S-GW

IMS
CSCF PCRF

WiMax

HSS

WLAN

LTE
MME S-GW

DSL

IP Bearer
PDN S-GW

GPRS
SGSN GGSN

The Role of IMS Provide Common Core for LTE as Another Access Network
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OneVoice to VoLTE IMS is Now Mandatory


RCS
Rich Communication Suite NAB XDMS IM Presence Sharing

ISC

Legacy SCP or NGIN

eMSS
Mc

I3

CSCF
ISC

cTAS

IMS-SSF

Roaming & HO

2G/3G MGW

I2

IMS
SIP Diameter

Sv SGs

SBC

PCRF

HLR/HSS

LTE
All the components are ready:

EPC

MME SAE GW

IMS AS: Common TAS for 2G/3G/LTE/PES/PSS IMS AS: RCS service experience SDB: HLR/HSS convergence data synchronization CS: Enhanced MSS for SRVCC & ICS PS: EPC for E2E QoS and SRVCC collaboration Terminals: Unified Soft Client for MMTel and RCS

The Role of IMS Voice Session Control and service environment


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SR-VCC: Single Radio Voice Call Continuity


Attributes
Based

on LTE/IMS Voice & IMS services MMTel Uses IMS AS (the SCC) for transition solution Parallel handover of signalling and media for faster call set-up Low cost terminals that save battery life (Single Radio) Can start to retire GPRS as both Voice & Data move to LTE

Service Centralisation & Continuity

IMS
HSS CSCF

Initiate Handover to GPRS Data ICS AS

Impact
Requires IMS handover service from day 1 Needs handover client Has impact on OSS/BSS.
Sv

PCRF

IP Bearer

CS Network

LTE
MME S-GW

PDN

eMSC

1
LTE, IMS, GPRS clients LTE Data & Voice media

media is NOT interrupted

Voice 2 Handover to CS

GPRS
3
SGSN GGSN

The Role of IMS Provide Seamless & Efficient Anchor for Handover
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IMS Centralized Services Not Just Voice


MMTEL SCC: Service Continuity Control HLR/HSS

Efficient anchor mechanism Ensures consistent service Ready for user migration Centralizes users services to save OPEX

I/S-CSCF
eMSS for ICS & SRVCC

SIP
A-SBC A-SBC

Mobile CS Core

EPC & MBB

xPON & FBB

Roaming & Handover

LTE

HGW

2G/3G
CS/LTE Dual mode terminal Fixed SIP Phone

Implementation options: SRVCC IWF can be integrated in MSC-Server or enhanced MSS Centralized (in a separate NE) for several MSC servers.

The Role of IMS Provide IMS Centralised Services for a Range of Applications
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Consistent Convergent Policy from the Core

Applications Session Control

Policy Control Server


Single Manager

xDSL/LAN

IMS

2G/3G

CDMA 1X Evdo-Rev

LTE/SAE

BRAS

SBC

GGSN

PDSN

UGW

The Role of IMS Access Agnostic Policy and QoS


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Session Based QoS for Fine Tuning


Connection Based QoS
Absolute bandwidth as requested by devices Inefficient Input and Output Expensive and not scalable
QoS Control

IntServ

Simple Classification

Flow Based QoS


Controlled by edge devices Relative Priority Policy only Cannot avoid congestion Low precision control

QoS Control

Rough Classification DiffServ

IMS
QoS Control

Session Based QoS


Controlled by Core server Differentiated Policy with CAC Per session, user and service Best network resource usage
QoS Request Session Flow A
PCRF

Precision Classification

Session Flow B

The Role of IMS Finely Tuned User/Session based Policy


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E2E QoS Functions Distribution


LTE UE RAN EPC
MME P-CSCF Rx E-UTRAN

IMS

IP Network
Network Centric Unified Dynamic QoS Control

Radio Bearer QoS

End-to-End QoS
SAE Bearer QoS

PCRF Gx

IP Transport Network
Transport Bearer QoS

S/P-GW

QoS Functions VQE functions, e.g. jitter buffer, etc Radio optimization tech for VoIP Service QoS request initiation

QoS Functions Radio resource allocation, packet scheduling, filtering Radio optimization for VoIP

QoS Functions EPS bearer setup PCEF functions VQE functions QoS mapping IP filtering, traffic shaping, etc

QoS Functions PCC QoS policy/rules control Retrieve user QoS profile for Policy

QoS Functions Enforce given policy & QoS profile IP transport QoS control and guarantee

The Role of IMS Provide open standard QoS E2E


Page 11 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Challenges of Subscriber Data Management


AS AS AS AS AS AS AS AS AS

BOSS

Network Operations

MMS

SMSC

AS

SDP

AAA

HLR

PCRF

Other DB

High OPEX
Many separate Databases Complex IMSI/MSISDN segment management

Complex Provisioning Mesh provision connections Complex provisioning procedures Long Time-To-Market Inconsistent data, duplications

Information Silo
Isolated silo data, not open Hard to deploy new services and facilitate service innovation Difficult to share with other applications

The Role of IMS Create Network Based Data Repository


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Unified Subscriber DB - Reliable, Unified and Open User DB


Open to External Parties
Terminals

Diverse Application (Front End)


Access HLR FE HSS FE AAA FE

Status

Insight Personal info

ID Location

LDAP FE

Unified Data Base (back end)


User Profile APP DB ID management

Subscription information On-line update

eGUP

Create a 360user profile


External Data Source

The Role of IMS Enable all-round user knowledge for context based applications allHUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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Versatile Application Server for All Domains


Challenges Need to support CS-SMS, IP- SMS and web IM
IM ICT

Challenges Too many AS, many similar services for different domains

3rd Applications
APIs

Service Gateway Profiles HSS HLR


Sh MAP

HTTP/SOAP/SMPP

Charging TAS ATS9900


Reachability RCS IP Centrex MMTel
E/ Gd Ro Rf

OCS CCF

Legacy IN & NGIN

SCP

IM-SSF IM-

ICS: Service Continuity

IP-SMS-GW IP-SMS-

Converged Messaging

SMS

SIP

Challenges Need to keep VAS services going for a while yet


mAGCF/MSS

ISC

Cr

Challenges Must re-create CS services & provide service continuity

Mr

S-CSCF

MRFC

The Role of IMS Supports common AS for Mobile/Fixed, PES/PSS


Page 14 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Using IMS for Seamless Messaging over LTE


IM MMTel SCC AS IP-SM-GW

Messaging AS
2

CS Domain
SMSC

Issues Need to support SMS on SGs (CSFB), IP-SMS and web IM, plus interworking

ISC

Transport Level Interworking

CSCF

ISC

IMS
Sh

Sh/J

Rx SGi

PCRF

Cx

Service Level Interworking

E/ Gd

SMS-IW-MSC
C/D

S7

HSS / HLR
S6a

PS Domain
1
Non-IMS Scenario
SGSN

S4

Solution
S-GW

IP-SM-GW functionality is mainly responsible for IM/SMS interworking Fully compliant with 3GPP (TS23.204) and OMA standards

P-GW
S11

MME
S3

MGW

EPC
S1-U S1-MME

PC Client with Datacard / dongle

GPRS
UTRAN GERAN CS Handset

E-UTRAN

The Role of IMS Supports handover and session control for IP Messaging & SMS
Page 15 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Using IMS Functions for non-Voice

Video Streaming

Location Services

Monitoring
QoS per service per user Policy & Charging Rules

Session Control

Gaming
User Profiles & service profiles

CSCF PCRF

HSS

IMS

Centralised Handover

Secure Authentication

On-line Purchasing Micropayments

Data Sharing

Messaging

The Role of IMS IMS based enablers supporting non-Voice services nonHUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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VoLTE /IMS are Complex? Make it Simpler

Converged Data Converged Fix/Mobile Converged Session Converged Services Converged Provisioning Converged QoS & Policy Converged Charging Converged platform Converged Management Converged Gateways Converged Core

Single Core

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Conclusions

Voice for LTE technical issues have been essentially resolved IMS plays a major role for session control, QoS/Policy and User Data IMS functions can support non-IMS LTE services too

The key is to

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Thank You!

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