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MONITORS

THE WORLD OF LTE IN YOUR NETWORK


LTE Protocols LTE Interfaces
Interfaces S6a, S6d, S13, S13 , SWa/d/m/x, STa, S6b, H2, Pi, Gx, Gxa, Gxc, Gy Rx, S9 S1-U, X2-U, S4-U, S5/8-U, S12-U S3-C, S4-C, S5/8-C, S10, S11 S2a-C LTE-Uu, S1-MME LTE-Uu S2a-C, S2b-C, S5/8-C LTE-Uu LTE-Uu, S1, X2, S3 S1-C S1-MME, X2, SBc, Diameter-based interfaces X2-C Description Authentication, Authorization and Accounting Protocol Interface Cx Gxa/S7 Gxc GPRS Tunneling Protocol User Plane Protocol GPRS Tunneling Protocol for Control Plane Mobile IPv4 Protocol Non-Access-Stratum Protocol Packet Data Convergence Protocol Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol Radio Link Control Protocol Radio Resource Control Protocol E-UTRAN S1 Application Protocol (S1AP) Stream Control Transport Protocol Gy LTE-Uu Rx+ SBc SGi SGs S1-MME S1-U S2a S2b S2c S3 S4 E-UTRAN X2 Application Protocol S5 S6a S7/Gxa S8 S9 S10 S11 S13 S13 S101 S102 S103 Sv SWa SWd SWm SWx Description CSCF PCRF PCRF P-GW UE PCRF MME P-GW MME eNB eNB P-GW P-GW P-GW SGSN SGSN S-GW MME P-GW Visited PCRF MME MME MME SGSN MME MME S-GW MME AAA Proxy AAA Server ePDG HSS eNB AAA eNB MME S-GW EIR EIR eAN/PCF MSC [1xRTT ] HSGW MSC [ WCDMA] untrusted non-3GPP access AAA Proxy AAA Proxy Cx ISC Ma Mg Mi Mj Mn Mr Mw Rf/Ro Sh HSS P-GW S-GW OCS eNB AF CBC PDN VLR MME S-GW HSGW [trusted non-3GPP IP access] ePDG UE [untrusted non-3GPP and/or 3GPP access] MME S-GW P-GW HSS PCRF Home P-GW Home PCRF AF CBC eAN/ePCF EIR eNB ePDG GGSN HSGW HSS MME MSC OCS PDN PCRF P-GW SGSN S-GW UE VLR

LTE Entities
Entity Name AAA Description Authentication, Authorization and Accounting server Application Function Cell Broadcast Center Evolved AN/Packet Control Function Equipment Identity Register eNodeB Evolved/Enhanced Packet Data Gateway Gateway GPRS Support Node HRPD Serving Gateway Home Subscriber Server Mobility Management Entity Mobile Switching Center Online Charging System Packet Data Network Policy and Charging Rules Function Packet Data Network (PDN) Gateway Serving GPRS Support Node Serving Gateway User Equipment Visitor Location Register

UE

NAS IP RRC P PDC RLC MAC l ca hysi P

LT (A E-U
ir In terf a

ce)

B ode eN
NAS IP RRC P PDC RLC MAC l ca hysi P v1 GTP DP IP U rnet Ethe al sic Phy P X2A P CT S

P X2A TP SC IP rnet Ethe al sic Phy

v1 GTP UDP

v1 GTP UDP IP net ther l E sica Phy

NAS P S1-A TP SC IP net ther al E sic Phy

S1-M

ME
NAS P S1-A TP SC IP net ther al E sic Phy

LTE
v2 GTP DP U IP net ther al E sic Phy eter Diam P SCT IP et hern l Et ica s Phy

Name Diameter

3GPP / ITU Standard RFC 3588, 29.272, 29.273, 29.212, 29.214, 29.215, 32.299 29.281 29.274 29.279 24.301 36.323 29.275 36.322 36.331 36.413 RFC 2960

GTPv1 GTPv2 MIPv4 NAS PDCP PMIPv6 RLC RRC S1AP SCTP

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eB Nod

v1 GTP DP U IP rnet Ethe cal si Phy

NAS P S1-A CTP S IP rnet Ethe al sic Phy

X2
M
NAS P S1-A TP SC IP net ther l E sica Phy v2 GTP DP U IP rnet Ethe ical s Phy

X2AP

36.423

S1-M ME

ME

S6a

S1-U

S1-U
v1 GTP UDP IP net ther l E sica Phy

eter Diam P SCT IP rnet Ethe ical s Phy

Visited S-GW

IMS Interfaces
Interface Description I-CSCF, S-CSCF S-CSCF I-CSCF MGCF S-CSCF BGCF MGCF S-CSCF P-CSCF CSCF AS HSS AS AS I-CSCF BGCF MGCF IM-MGW MRFC I-CSCF BGCF S-CSCF MRFC MGCF AS HSS

E MM

LTE Network Planes


Control Plane User Plane Non-Access Stratum

ervin S

v1 GTP DP U IP rnet Ethe cal si Phy

v2 GTP DP U IP net ther al E sic Phy

eter Diam P SCT IP et hern l Et ica s Phy

S10 S6a
v1 GTP DP U v2 GTP UDP IP/P PP

HSS

g GW
v1 GTP UDP

v2 GTP DP U

IP net ther l E ica s Phy

v2 GTP DP U IP net ther al E sic Phy

S11 S5/S 8

IP rnet Ethe al sic Phy eter Diam P T SC IP net ther al E sic Phy

X2

N GW PD

r2 Laye al ic s Phy

SGi
IP/P PP

t erne Int W -MG IM


co) ega 8 (M CTP H.24 CP/S /T UDP IP rnet Ethe ical s Phy

IMS Entities
Entity Name BGCF HSS I-CSCF IM-MGW MGCF Description Breakout Gateway Control Function Home Subscriber Service Interrogating Call Session Control Function IP Multimedia Media Gateway Media Gateway Control Function Media Resource Function Proxy Call Session Control Function Serving Call Session Control Function

F PCR
Typical LTE Procedures
UE eNodeB New MME Old MME/SGSN EIR Attach Procedure
Attach Request Attach Request Identi cation Request Identi cation Response Identity Request Identity Response Authentication/Security Identity Request/Response ME Identity Check Ciphered Options Request Ciphered Options Response Update Location Request Cancel Location Cancel Location Ack Update Location Ack Create Session Request Create Session Request PCEF Initiate IP-CAN Session Termination Create Session Response

eter Diam P SCT IP rnet Ethe ical s Phy

7/Gx S

SGi
P-C
r2 Laye al sic Phy

SCF

Serving GW

PDN GW

PCRF

HSS

SDP SIP TCP/S / UDP IP net ther E l sica Phy

Med

RTP CTP

ia E

nco

ding odin g

Mn Mg
SDP SIP TCP/ / UDP IP rnet Ethe al sic Phy
Med

co) ega 8 (M CTP H.24 CP/S /T UDP IP rnet Ethe ical s Phy

MRF
E edia ncod ing

P-CSCF S-CSCF

Mw

SDP SIP TCP/S / UDP IP net ther E l sica Phy

ia Med

RTP CTP
g codin

Enc

MGC

SDP SIP TCP/ / UDP IP net ther E l sica Phy

RTP P SCT

IMS Network Planes


Control Plane User Plane

CF I-CS

RTP P SCT

ia E

eter Diam P UD IP et hern l Et ica s Phy

Mj
eter Diam P UD IP et hern l Et ica s Phy
Med

Cx Mw
M RTP SDP TP SIP TCP/SC DP/ IP U rnet Ethe al sic Phy e nc dia E odin g

HSS
Diam UDP IP rnet Ethe ical s Phy eter

eter Diam UDP IP rnet Ethe ical s Phy

RTP SDP TP SIP TCP/SC P/ UD IP t erne Eth cal si Phy

ia E

ncod

ing

Med

ia

Cx
RTP SDP TP SIP TCP/SC / UDP IP net ther E l sica Phy
Med ia E ncod ing

BGC

RTP TCP/ / UDP IP rnet Ethe al sic Phy

od Enc

ing

SDP SIP P SCT

IMS

Mi
RTP SDP TP SIP TCP/SC / UDP IP net ther E l sica Phy
Med ia E ncod ing

IP k r etwo N

F -CSC S

Mr

MRF

LTE - CDMA2000/eHRPD Connectivity

LTE - UMTS Connectivity


HSS

Attach
First Downlink Data Create Session Response
Initial Context Setup Req./Attach Accept RRC Connection Recon g. RRC Connection Recon g. Complete Initial Context Setup Resp.

LTE E-UTRAN SAE-EPC

PSTN

LTE E-UTRAN SAE-EPC


LTE-Uu eNB S1-MME S1-U X2 LTE-Uu

HSS

PSTN

PDP Context activation

S6a

S6a

Internet

Internet

Direct Transfer Attach Complete

LTE-Uu

eNB

S1-MME S1-U

MME
S11

S10

SGi

MME
S11

S10

SGi

Dedicated Bearer Activation Procedure


IP-CAN Session Modi cation Create Bearer Request

MME
S11 SGi S5/S8

IMS

MME
S11 SGi S5/S8

IMS

LTE-Uu

X2

Bearer Setup Req. Session Management Req. RRC Connection Recon g. RRC Connection Recon g. Complete

Closing session

Create Bearer Request

eNB

Serving GW

PDN GW

S7/Gxa

eNB

Serving GW
S3 S4

PDN GW
S7/Gxa Go

S101
Bearer Setup Response

S103

S2a

S7a/Gxa

PCRF

Gi

Go

PCRF

Gi

Direct Transfer
Session Management Response

CDMA2000/eHRPD
Create Bearer Response Create Bearer Response IP-CAN Session Modi cation

UMTS
eAN/ePCF
A10/A11

HSGW

Iu-PS

SGSN

Gn

GGSN

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W W W. R A DCOM . COM

RA - PLTE Revision A

RAN

PS-Core

UTRAN