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A. Leader and Leadership defined as:

-Leadership is the art of influencing people to get the necessary support and
cooperation in community affairs to maintain solidarity among people, or
doing the “doing the right things.”

-Leader is one who helps/facilitates communities of people, takes risks and

envisions a better future for his group, encourages commitment and helps
people move a head along a path to accomplish a goal.

-A leader has followers.

-Peter Drucker said a leader is someone who has follower because the goal of
leadership is to get result.

B. Virtues as a Foundation of Leadership

1. Virtue is defined as conformity to a standard of right and morality.
2. The following virtues are considered the foundation of leadership:

a. Prudence- the habit w/c enables man to direct his actions to human
life’s goal s.
b. Justice- the habit of giving each one his due with constant and
perpetual will.
c. Fortitude- the habit of overcoming the difficulties and pressures of
life in the pursuit of good.
d. Temperance- the habit of bringing the desire and natural
inclination of man under the control of reason.
e. Industry- the habit of working hard and working under pressure.
f. Loyalty- the habit of remaining true to your friends.
g. Responsibility- the habit of being accountable for one’s action,
duties, obligations; readiness to answer for the consequences of
one’s action.
h. Cheerfulness- the habit of being optimistic, positive, always seeing
the bright side of things.
i. Generosity- the habit of sharing the good that one has with other
j. Magnanimity- the habit of having great ideals and ambitions of
doing good.

C. Traits of leadership
1. True leadership is the art of changing a group from what it is into
what it ought to be.
2. Leadership is the ability to recognize a problem before it becomes
an emergency.
3. Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other.
4. Leadership is learning to give whether you get anything or not.
5. Leadership is the other side of the coin of loneliness, and he who is
the leader must always act alone, and acting alone means accepting
everything alone.
6. Leadership is the ability to handle uncertainty.
7. What is “it”? This is the aspect of leadership that is concerned with
outward appearance.
8. Leadership has nothing to do with ordering people around or
directing their every move.
9. The climax of leadership is to know when to do what.

D. Qualities of a Good Leader

-Good leaders enable people to feel and become empowered.
-Good leaders inspire values of caring.
-Good leaders ensure that learning and competence matter.
-Good leaders, particularly those in administration, create an atmosphere
where work is stimulating, challenging and fun.
-Good leaders help people feel a sense of unity
-Good leaders help members develop a sense of security and trust not only
in the leader but also in one another.
-A good leader displays reliability and integrity.
-A good leader is honest and trust worthy, and has integrity.
-The best leaders use thinking to help members develop a set of intentions,
outcomes, goals and directions.

E. Characteristics of a Leader
-have the will to lead rather than manage;
-maintain high morale among their people;
-inspire commitment and teamwork;
-display, at times, energy, passion and enthusiasm;
-are focused and able to focus those they lead;
-take prudent risks;
-Are honest with themselves;
-carry on despite setbacks;
-invite input;
-tolerate mistakes;
-don’t blame others;
-want to win.
No one will display all these characteristics, but good leaders seem to
display most of them at one time or another.

F. Leadership Styles

1, Authoritarian Leadership (survival)

A leader makes a decision and announces it.

-a leader announces his decision with no feeling of responsibility or
accountability to share the reasons.

A leader presents decision but “Sells it to Members.”

-a leader announces his decision and shares the reason behind it, w/c has
been prepared in advance.

A leader presents a decision and invites questions for

- a leader announces his decision, but responds to question for
clarification on an impromptu basis with a rationale to explain to

2, Consultative Leadership (security)

A leader presents tentative decision subject to change.

-a leader announces his tentative decision and announces that he is open
Question for clarification and discussion.

A leader presents a situation, gets input , makes a decision.

-a leader identifies a situation or problem and moves into a facilitating rule
surface assumptions and suggestions, then moves out of facilitating role
makes a decision.

A leader calls on members to make a decision, but holds on

-a leader calls on the group to identify situations and limitations, explores
make a decision contingent on leader’s veto power.

3. Enabling Leadership (Participation)

A leader defines limits, calls on members to make a decision.

- a leader shares any givens and facilitates a decision by a members on
basis of

A leader calls on members to identify limits, explore situation,

and make a decision.
-a leader maintains a facilitating role by allowing members to identify a
or problem, identify limits, explore and make a decision.