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"Oculus reledioptricus
sive tele-scopium" 1685.
(Johannes Zahna) ,

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. To je ( )
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"De radio astronomico et geometrico liber"
- (Reiner
Ge-mma-Frisius) 1545.

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. 1525.
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(Albreht Duerer)

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(Giovanni Battista
della Porta) 1558. "Magiae
nuturalis"

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1545. .

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(Robert Hooke),
1604. .


(Joseph
Nicepho- Niepce), je ,
Chalone-sur-Saone,
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1839.



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"The Pencil of Nature",
1844.
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1845. . "Sun
Pictures in Scotland",
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"The Pencil of Nature"

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(David
Octavius Hill) (Robert
Adainson)
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1851. ,, ",

"La Lumiere" (),
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(Gros),
(Bayard),

(Becquerel),

(Mestral),

. 1865. .

. . (. R. de Monfort),
- (Niepce de Saint-Victor).

(Delacroix)
, (Reynault),
(Champfleury),
(Lemaitre), (Francis Way)
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(De Secque) .

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(Gustav le
Gray) 1850. ,

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(Scott Archer) 1851. .
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(Andreas von Ettinghausen).

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(Jozef
Max Petzval).

(Peter
von
Voigtiandera),

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60
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1854.
(Roger
Fenton). -

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Gardner) (Matiew Brady)


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1867.

(Carleton Watkins)
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, 40 50 cm,
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(Edweard
Maybridge).
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(Halleck) 1868.

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(William Henry Jackson).

-,
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' (Timothy O'Sullivan)
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1870.
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(Cheelle).


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. (Charles Negre)

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(Eugene
Atget).

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(Berenice Abbot).


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carte-devisite".
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, 1851.
(Louis Dodero),

(Andre Adolphe Eugene Disderi; 1819 1890)
1854.
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6 9 cm,
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carte-de-visite"
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1888.


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(Gaspard Felix
Tournachon), (1820 - 1910),
(Nadar),
1850.
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(Lesepse), ,
, , "Revue
comique", "Charivari"
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(Etienne Carjat; 1828 1906). (Charlesa
Baudelairea)
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"Le Boulevard",
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(Adam Salomon)
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(Julia Margaret Cameron;
1815 - 1879). 48.


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(Alfred Tennyson), (Darwina),
(Carlyl)

(Joseph Joachim),


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(Charles Lutwidge Dogson)
(Lewis Caroll),
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(Alfred Stieglitz),
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(Imogen Cuningam),
(Clarence White), (Gertrude
Kasebier) .

(Edward
Steichen),



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"Museum of modern
Art". je



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(Cecil Beaton)
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(Phillippe Halsmann).
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(Jousuf Karsh).

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(Le Gray) (Russel).
. . (B. J.
Sayce) . . (W. B. Bolton)
, je
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1851.
(Poitevin), 1871.
(dr Richard Leach Maddox),
,

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1880. .
1874.
"Liverpool dry Plate Company".
1882. ,
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1880.
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1891, , 1893.
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(George Eastmann).

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1877.
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1881. "The Eastmann dry Plate
Company"
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(Leon Warnerke) ,

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100 .

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1894.
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(Moisson).
je
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23.03.1895.
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1884.

(John
Wesley Hyatt).

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(Reichenbacha)
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(Goodwin) 1887. ,
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je ,
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(Edwearda Maybridgea),
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.
Edison),

, (Louis Lumiere)

28.12.1895.
" " cafea".
, 1900.
.
21 m 16 m ,
20.000

(Auguste),
.

" ,
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(Charles) (Emile
Pathe). , ,
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"Vincennesu". 1904.
"Pathe cinema"

. "Pathe cinema"

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"Pathe"

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. ",

(Schott)

14

,
(Abbe), 1866.
"Zeiss", a 1875. .

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-. ,
, ,

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"Zeiss"
(dr Paul Rudolph) je 1890.

(Protar). - ,
-
(Dubl-protar), (Goertz)
(Dagor),
(Emil von Hoegh).

.
je
,


(Gauss).

(Harold Denis Taylor)


"Cooke & Sons" 1894.

,
Cooke-lens".
,
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. "Zeiss"
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(Tessar),
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je


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je
"Zeiss".

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, . "
, -"
,

-" .

,

- (Leica).
(Oskar Barnack)
"E.Leitz
Wetzlar". 1924. ,
1930. .

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"Zeiss"
(Contax) , ,
.
, 1928.

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(Rolleiflex), & (Francke &
Heidecke), -
6x6 cm.

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, "Zeiss"- ,
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1948.

(Hasselblad),
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(Isaak
Newton)


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(James
Clerk Maxwell).
1861.
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(Ducos du
Hauron; 1873 - 1900) (Charles
Cross; 1842 - 1888). ,
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(Autochrom) . (Louis
Lumiere), ,
(Augusteom),
.
1904.

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16

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Press- 4 5 (9 12), "Graflex"


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-

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(Rudolf Fischer).
(Siegrist)
1912. ,

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"Agfa",
"Agfacolor".
,
(Leopold Mannes)
(Leopold
Godowsky)



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. 1935.

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"Kodachrome" 1936. .
, "Agfa"
"Agfacolor".

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2 2,8/50, . Leitz. Vetzlar.

35 mm ,
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17


"Agfa-colora"
, "Kodachroma"
.

.
, 1900.
256 ,
29, 23.



.
,
(David Octavius Hill)
(Robert Adamson),
.
(Oscar Gustav Rejiander; 1813 -1875)

-.
.

",

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(Henry Peach Robinson). ,
,
. "Pictorial Photography".

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. The
photographic News" (Peter
Henry Emerson; 1856 - 1936),


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, (Courbet).

(George Davison),
(Benjamin Gay Wilkinson), (Joseph
Gale) . (Franc M. Sutcliff).


Linked Ring" ,

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. "carte-de-visite"

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18

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1894.
(Demachy)
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(Kuehn),

(Hennenberg) (Watzek).

" ,

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1905. 1914. ,
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(Alfred Stieglitz),
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. 1902.
" (Coburne),
(Frank Eugen), . (G.
Kasebier), (Steichen),
(Clarens White) .
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"Camera Work",

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"Camera Work"
,
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. 291
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(Toulouse Lautrec),
(Henri Rosseau),
(Cezanne), (Picasso) (Braque).
1912.
, 1914.
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(Jacques Henri Lartigue).

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(Roger Fenton)

"Illustrated London Newsu". ,
"Le journal illustre",
(Marie Eugene
Chevreil),
,
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-
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21. 1897.
"Tribune" .

- .

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1910.

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1910.
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1917.
,
1919.
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1920. ,
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. (Ermanox)

, ,
,
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,
,
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(dr Erich Salomon),
. (Felix H. Mann)
(Wolfgang Weber). je
.
"Ermanoxom" ,
,

. "Berliner
Ilustrierte"
,
.
1943. .

"Berliner
Ilustrierte" "Muenchner Ilustrierte Presse".
"
. .
"Muenchner Ilustrierte", (Stefan
Lorant)
, "life"
.

20

"Weekly Illustrated",

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(Brassai) ,
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, 1935. ,

, "Farm Security Administration".
(Roy
Stryker)
.
,
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, e
.
(Walker Evans), (Dorothea Lange),
(Carl Mydens),
(Arthur Rotstein), (Jacques Delano),
(Roussel Lee),
(Gordon Roger Parks).


(Ben Shan).

,
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150.000
,
.

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1936. "Life".

:

"Life" je
.
"Look", "See", "Photo", "Picture Post"
.

(Margaret
BourkeWhite)
.
(Fort Pecku)
,
,

"Taxi-Dancers".
(John Shaw Billings)


-

.
(Alfred
Eisenstaedt) Lifeovog
Staffa".

.

.

,
(Andreas Feininger),
(David Douglas Dunkan),
(Eugen Smith),

21

(Lionel Me Combe)
,

(Philipp
Halsmann)
ca


"Life"-.

- (Cartier-Bresson),
(Robert ), (David
Seymor) (George Roger) 1947.
"Magnum Photos",
"Magnum Press".

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-,
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je
- ,
je
.
1912. "Vogue"

,

(Adolphe de Meyer),
. 1930.
"Vogue" "Vanity Fair"
.
,

, (Edward
Steichen), (Cecil Beaton)
(George Hoyningen
Huene),
.
1945.
"Harper's Bazaara"
(Alexey Brodvitch).

,


.
"New Scool for social
Research", "Yale Scool of Design"
"American
Institute
of
Graphic
Art".

(Avedon),
(Irwing Penn), (Hiro) (Art
Kane).
(Trumana
Capota) -
, ,
,

,

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,
,
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je cy
,
22

, , , ,
, , , , , ,
(Helmut Newton),
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