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Baheehir University Faculty of Engineering Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department Electromechanical Energy Conversion Laboratory

Name & Surname: ID: Date:

Experiment 2
PRELIMINARY STUDIES

Magnetizing Characteristics of DC Generator

In this section you should read your lecture notes and answer following questions before coming to the laboratory. There may be a quiz concerning these questions. Q1.What are the types of DC machines according to their excitation circuits?

Q2.Draw the equivalent circuit of separately excited DC machine, and show current and power paths for generator operation.

Q3.What are the ratings of the DC machine we study? How can we make use of them?

EXPERIMENT
A prime mover (a DC motor this week) will be employed to provide mechanical power input. It will be rotating at two constant speeds (1200[rpm], 1500[rpm]) and these speed levels will be adjusted by instructors. The main point is to operate a seperatly excited DC generator. So from our generators armature terminals we will just read the produced voltage, thus only a voltmeter connection is needed. To obtain magnetization characteristic of a seperatly excited DC generator, we must determine the induced voltage as a function of the field current. So, armature voltage values at different excitation current settings are to be acquired. For seperate excitation, an independent DC source is needed and for different values of excitation current a rheostat is to be connected between the field terminals and the DC source. The DC source for excitation must be constant at its rated value and field current must vary between 0.25 - 0.45[A]. Induced voltage versus field current values must be recorded both when increasing and decreasing the excitation current. Everyone has to fill Tables. Part.1. Simulation In first part experiment will be simulated using Matlab/Simulink. Using the given machine and simulation diagram in the figure below, adjust field current to the mentioned values by changing resistance and record your readings to the table.

Prepared by F.Kemal BAYAT

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Baheehir University Faculty of Engineering Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department Electromechanical Energy Conversion Laboratory

Q4.Plot measurements of at two different speeds below, increasing and decreasing readings together on the same graph.

@ 1000 rpm
Prepared by F.Kemal BAYAT

@ 1800 rpm
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Baheehir University Faculty of Engineering Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department Electromechanical Energy Conversion Laboratory

Q5.For both of the graphs you plotted, is there a difference between the increasing curve and the decreasing curve? If there exists a difference, try to comment.

Part.2. Hardware In this section you will do the experiment in a same manner with the simulation. The difference in the configuration is the prime mover which substitutes speed input of the generator.

Q6.Plot measurements of at two different speeds below, increasing and decreasing readings together on the same graph.

@ 1200 rpm

@ 1500 rpm

Q7.For both of the graphs you plotted, is there a difference between the increasing curve and the decreasing curve? If there exists a difference, try to comment.

Prepared by F.Kemal BAYAT

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