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Software Requirements Specification

for

Online Voting

Group Members
Rupendra Gautam Sadashiv Srishti Bisaria Sudham Gaur Upasna Kumari

Roll Number
1009414090 1009414091 1009414101 1009414102 1009414109

Email I.D
rupendra.gautam@gmail.com sadashiv04@gmail.com srishtibisaria@gmail.com sudhamgaur@gmail.com upasna.kumari990@gmail.com

Instructor- Mr. Himashu Pathak(Lecturer)


GIMT( MCA ) Dated 20-03-2012

1. Introduction
The main project objective is to build a secure online voting system, which would be used by the students of the University for student union elections. The aim of the project is to convert the current use of paper based voting to an Online form of voting. Research was carried out on the different forms of online voting systems that currently exist, noting their features, and how to influence the participation of voters to an election. Security issues that may affect the integrity of the online voting system were addressed and counter measures on how to project the systems security were researched. The testing phase of the project will be used to rigorously exercise the system to expose any deficiencies and short comings which the system may have possessed. .The system to be created will meet its objectives, by being simple to use and secure, which is important due to the fact that it would be used for the student union electoral process.

1.1 Document Purpose


The aims and objectives of the system to be produced have been stated below:
ONLINE-VOTING has ease the overall process of voting. Moreover , it would be the preferred choice among the students for University Union elections. Through the use of online voting , the voter navigates to the designated election site using web browser. There is proper scope of authentication for each user. Therefore Online voting systems can be considered safety critical, time saving and cost effective too. To build an online system this would enable voters to cast their votes on chosen Candidates and create a secure authentication facility to check validate users logging into the voting system. Create a database to be used to stored votes, and user information on the system. Enable the system to tally votes cast according to candidate voted for. Create a backend administration section which will be used to enable the administration manage the election system effectively Create tools for the administrator to add, delete and update details of voters, candidates on the system. Enable voters to view some details of the candidates being voted for in the election. Timestamp votes cast to the database to know when each vote was cast Enable administrators to generate reports on the vote results Prevent voters from voting more than once for their choose candidates.

1.2 Intended Audience and Document Overview


The Online Voting System to be built will be used by two sides, the students who would be voting and the administrators who are in charge of creating and maintaining information on the system. This SRS document contains an over-view to the project that serves the purpose for understanding about the project. The sequential ordering is provided in whole document to analyze about the project. User Case diagrams would be used to how a graphical representation of how the users will be able to interact and operate the system. Data flow diagrams would be used to showcase the entire architecture of the whole system. This form of design would be very helpful to the system developers and would help in engineering the system in a consistent and efficient manner.

1.3 Definitions, Acronyms and Abbreviations


JAVA EE: Java Enterprise Edition 5 is a programming platform part of the Java Platform-for developing and running distributed multi-tier architecture Java applications, based largely on modular software components running on an application server. HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol is a transaction oriented client/server protocol between a web browser & a Web Server. HTTPS: Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol is a HTTP over SSL (secure socket layer). SQL : Structured Query Language IDE : Integrated Development Environment

1.4 Document Conventions


In general this document follows the IEEE formatting requirements. Arial font of size 14 is used for headings, Arial font of size 13 is used for sub-heading throughout the document. Document text is single spaced and 1 margins are maintained. Arial font of size 12 is used for inner text.

1.5 References

Ben Galbraith, Romin Irani, Krishnaraj Perrumal, , Beginning JSP Web Development,Wrox. Tomcat Security Overview and Analysis URL:http://www.cafesoft.com/products/cams/tomcat-security.html URL: http://www.geotrust.com/resources/white_papers/pdfs/QuickSSLWP.pdf 25. URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apache_Tomcat URL: http://www.answers.com/topic/cryptography?method=22

2. Overall Description
2.1 Product Perspective The main project objective was to build a secure online voting system, which would be used by the students of the University of Westminster of the student union elections. The aim of the project was to convert the current use of paper based voting to an Online form of voting, which would enable voters to vote remotely from any location through the use of the internet. Research was carried out on the different forms of online voting systems that currently exist, noting their features, and how to influence the participation of voters to an election. Various forms of server side technologies where investigated in order to choose the right programming language to use for the development of the online voting system. Security issues that may affect the integrity of the online voting system where addressed and counter measures on how to project the systems security where researched. A number of software development methodologies where reviewed, upon careful consideration, the waterfall methodology was chosen as the most appropriate development method to use for this particular project. During the design and development of the system, the main effort was focused on designing and developing the system to achieve a solution based on the concepts of the system proposal. This phase provided a clear description of how the system was to be created. The main emphasis was on creating an intuitive user interface for retrieving information, querying the database. The testing phase of the project was used to rigorously exercise the system to expose any deficiencies and short comings which the system may have possessed. The results of the test showed if they system was ready to be delivered to its end users. The system created met its objectives, by being simple to use and secure, which was important due to the fact that it would be used for the student union electoral process. All the eligible students(as per the rules and regulations) will be registered for the Online Voting process by the admin. Admin can monitor the whole process of voting. He can declare the voting results and view the voting details.

2.2 Product Functionality


Permit users to gain access and utilize information conveyed on the website to be implemented. Enable secure form of authenticating users who would like to gain access into the voting system. Enable a secure mode of communication between the client and server. Permit the system administrator to access and manipulate system users information. Permit system administrator to dynamically add candidates to be voted for in the system. Permit voters to login to the system and vote for their chosen candidate. Restrict voters from voting more than once. Permit a limited number of graphical images on website.

The forms to be used for the online voting system would be as follows.
Add candidates : this form will be used for adding the details of the elections Candidates. Add Voter: This form will be used for adding the details of the elections voters into the database. Add Administrator: This form will be used to add the administrators to the database system Voter Login: This form will be used for voter access into the system Admin Login: This form will be used for administrator access into the system.

Fig: Voter use Case Diagram

Fig: Admin use Case Diagram

2.3 User and Characteristics


Administrator : This user of the system can be regarded as the most esteemed , crucial module of the project. The Administrator possess the most powerful effectual responsibilities , for example , The Administrator can register voters but can also delete certain voters from the list if found any distortion of rules.Some of the functions of Administrator are discussed in the above section. Voters : The Voters are the participative members of the project for whom this project was designed. They can View the candidate profiles and view for their desirable candidate.

2.4 Operating Environment


RECOMMENDED HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
Processor : Intel Core I3 RAM : 2 GB HDD : 500 GB

RECOMMENDED SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS Operating System :


Software used IDE Database Browser : Windows 7 JSP, Servlet, Java-Beans : Apache Tomcat : SQL : Internet Explorer , Mozilla Firefox

2.5 Design and Implementation Constraints


Display voting results in a graphical fashion for the administrator to analyze. RSA algorithm couldnt be implemented.

2.6 User Documentation


Only SRS is sufficient for understanding of the system and in functionality to the users.

2.7 Assumptions and Dependencies


The used world limit in most of the forms is 20 characters. The software will function effectively as per the software and hardware requirements. Some of the forms are dependent are on each other for the proper functioning of the software.

3. System Features
Administrator 3.1 Description
This is the most critical module of the project. The administrator will perform the major functions. Some of the functions are to Register for new Voters, Delete them in case of any violations.

3.2 Response Sequences Administrator first login through the login page by supplying his proper username & password. The Administrator can then view different functions as per the module and then select the submit button. As per the choices made, The page will redirect to next page which contains the functionality for the option made. 3.3 Functional requirements Data is fetched from the tables which are made differently for different purpose. For example the Administrator table will contain Admin username and their password. The Admin will be responsible for registering candidate in Registration For Candidate page & that page is linked to the table Candidate_registration page.

User
3.1 Description The Use voter module includes designing of the main login page. The User module is also responsible for encryption and decryption of passwords of the Admin and The Voter for security purpose. 3.2 Responses Sequences The login page will redirect as per the choices made. 3.3 Functional requirements The login module will work effectively if the encryption-decryption module will be implemented effectively.

Voter
3.1 Description The Voter can access the project by two ways Either by viewing the candidate or by voting for the desirable candidate.

The Voter can vote after logging to the project by supplying correct username and password.

3.2 Response Sequences The Voter login page will redirect to Cast Vote page after logging to the system by putting up username and password. After the vote is casted once , the page will redirect to the home page & the vote will be stored in database. 3.3 Functional Requirements The registration for voters will be done through the Voter_Registration page & after clicking on the submit button , the data will be stored in the corresponding table.

Candidate
3.1 Description This module has comparatively least priority. . The Candidate Module is represented by the Candidate Profile page which is a dynamic page , which will get updated whenever the new candidate will be registered by the admin.

3.2 Response Sequences The Candidate Module is represented by the Candidate Profile page which is a dynamic page , which will get updated whenever the new candidate will be registered by the admin after clicking on the submit button. 3.3 Functional Requirements The Candidate Module is represented by the Candidate Profile page which is a dynamic page , which will get updated whenever the new candidate will be registered by the admin after clicking on the submit button.

4. External Interface Requirements


4.1 User Interface: A user interface prototype is very useful, because it forms a means of visualizing what the proposed system is going to look like, and how the system is going to work to the potential users. The user interface is the primary element between user and computer.User interface for the voting system has to be designed to make it appealing to the prospective user. The considerations to be taken into account when building the systems graphic user interface are stated below. The system user interface should be clear and consistent The system should be easy to navigate by the user The system should be simple to use, and complexity should be hidden from the user.

By creating a decent user interface, the systems users would easily operate the system without the necessity of having any help. Well structured GUI helps the user to remember how to navigate and operate the system easily and it also reduces the risk of user error on the system.

4.2 Hardware Interface

RECOMMENDED HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS


Processor RAM HDD : Intel Core I3 : 2 GB : 500 GB

4.3 Software Interface

Operating System : Windows 7 Software used : JSP, Servlet, Java-Beans IDE : Apache Tomcat Database : SQL Browser : Internet Explorer , Mozilla Firefox

4.4 Communication Interface

Encryption Technique Selection will be decided in the near future. Language used English