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al-Qawaa`id al-Muthlaa
by Shaykh Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Ustaadh Moosaa Richardson
Class 07













Notes by Umm Sufyaan Faatimah













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9.
THE SEVENTH PRINCIPLE
CONCERNING ALLAAH'S ATTRIBUTES

2.7. THE ATTRIBUTES OF ALLAAH ARE TAWQEEFIYYAH -
THERE IS NO PLACE FOR INTELLECTUAL FREE-THINKING
REGARDING THEM

Knowledge of Allaah's Attributes is tawqeefiyyah, meaning that you do not seek to establish attributes for
Allaah, except that which is affirmed in the Book and the Sunnah.

Imaam Ahmad, may Allaah have Mercy on him, said: "Allaah may not be described except with what He has
described His own Self with, or with what His Messenger has described him with. This can not go beyond the
Qur`aan and the hadeeth." Refer back to 'The Fifth Principle Concerning Allaah's Names.'

Attributes are established for Allaah from the Book and the Sunnah by one of three ways:
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One: The Attribute is clearly mentioned, like Honor, Strength, Mercy, His Striking, His Face, His two Hands,
etc.

Two: It is derived from one of His Names, like how al-Ghafoor (the Ever-Forgiving) includes Forgiveness,
and as-Samee` (the All-Hearing), includes Hearing, and so on. Review 'The Third Principle Concerning Allaah's
Names.'

Three: It is directly understood from an Action or a Description, like:

(1) His Ascension over the Throne;

(2) His Descent to the lowest Heaven

(3) His Coming to judge between the servants on the Last Day

(4) His Retribution for the acts of the criminals.

The proofs for these Attributes are as follows, in order:

[1] Allaah, the Exalted, has said:

m } |{z y l
The All-Merciful ascended above the Throne. [Soorah Taa-Haa (20):5]


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Shaykh `Ubayd al-Jaabiree (may Allaah preserve him) points out here that it is as if the author (may Allaah have Mercy on him) was
answering a question that could be asked here, "If there is no intellectual free-thinking regarding the Attributes of Allaah, the
Honored and Exalted, and one must rely solely on textual evidences, then how can one use texts from the Book and the Sunnah to
know about the Attributes?"
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10.
[2] The Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) said:

,,

=|

.| _|

_ ,

, ,,...
Our Lord descends to the lowest heaven...
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[3] Allaah has said:

m l
And (when) your Lord has come with the Angels,
rank after rank. [Sooratul-Fajr (89):22]

[4] Allaah has said:

m YX WV U l

Verily, We will get retribution from the criminals. [Sooratus-Sajdah (32):22]












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Collected by al-Bukhaaree no. 1145 and Muslim no. 758 on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him).