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Chapter 10 The Internet Review Questions - P.

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1. What was the precursor to the present day Internet? P. 308 During the 1960s, a branch of the govt titled the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) created the countrys first wide area packet-switched networks, The ARPANET. 2. List the main responsibilities of the Internet Protocol. P. 310 IP primary function is to perform the routing necessary to move data packets across the Internet. It provides a connectionless data transfer service over heterogeneous networks by passing and routing IP diagrams. 3. List the main responsibilities of the Transmission Control Protocol. P. 314 Primary function is to turn an unreliable network into a reliable network that is free from lost and duplicate packets. Others include: Create a connection, release a connection, implement flow control, establish multiplexing, perform error recovery and establish priority. 4. Explain the relationship of the port number to an IP address. P. 315- The IP address identifies a device connected to the Internet, while the port number identifies the application on that device. Working together the two create what is called a socketa precise identification of a particular application on a particular device. 9. What is the relationship between the Internet and the World Wide Web? P. 320-321 The WWW is an Internet serviceits a collection of electronic documents that are located on many different Web servers. To gain access to the WWW you need a connection to the internet and Web browser. 10. What is HTTP used for? P. 321 The entire purpose of HTTP is to send and receive Web pages. 11. How is a Web markup language different from a programming language?

12. What features were added to HTML to produce dynamic HTML? P. 329 Active pop-ups (when a user moves his mouse pointer over an area on a page, additional text can be made to appear on the page), the live positioning of elements or layers (in other words, the placement of an object on a Web page can be specified by using x,y coordinates) and cascading style

Chapter 10 The Internet sheets (CSS), which allow a web page author to incorporate multiple styles (fonts, styles, colors and so on) in an individual HTML page

13. What can a cascading style sheet add to a Web page? P. 329 Cascading Style Sheets allow a web page author to incorporate multiple styles (fonts, styles, colors and so on) in an individual HTML page 14. How does XML differ from HTML and dynamic HTML? P. 329 XML is extensible, meaning a user can define his own tags or create tags that define entire data structures. XML is less forgiving than HTMLthey have many more precise rules for the creation of tags and the elements within a document. A document created in XML will not be displayed if the coding contains a mistake. In HTML, a mistake is ignored by the browser and the rest of the document will be displayed. 15. What is the purpose of the Uniform Resource Locator (URL)? P. 322 Uniquely identifies files, web pages, images or any other types of electronic documents that reside on the Internet. 16. List the four basic parts of URL. P. 322-323 service type- identifies the protocol that is used to transport the requested document domain name- specifies a particular server at a particular site that contains the document directory/subdirectory- provides location where item is located filename- name of the requested object 19. What is the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) used for? P. 331 Its primary functions are to allow a user to download a file from a remote site to the users computer and to upload a file from the users computer to a remote site. 23. List the basic features of a common electronic mail system. P. 330 Creating email message; sending an email message to one recipient, multiple recipients, or a mailing list; receiving storing, replying to, and forwarding email messages; attaching a file, such as a word-processing document, a spreadsheet, an image, or a program to an outgoing email message 24. What are the duties of SMTP, POP3, and IMAP, when referring to email systems?

Chapter 10 The Internet P. 331 SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is an Internet protocol for sending and receiving email and is used to perform the transfer. POP3 (Post Office Protocol version 3) is the software that allows the user to save email messages in a server mailbox and download them when desired from the server. IMAP (Internet Message Access) is a client/server protocol in which email is received and held for you at your Internet server. You can view just the heading of the email or view the sender of the message and then decide if you want to download the mail. 27. How does instant messaging differ from e-mail? P. 337 Instant messages are real-time, you dont store message, and you can carry on a conversation between multiple parties. 29.What is the relationship between electronic data interchange and e-commerce? P. 337-338 E-commerce is a businesss commercial dealing over the Internet. Buying or selling of goods and services via the Internet. Electronic Data Interchange is, the commercial transaction between two or more companies. The security systems that support all internet transactions are considered an important part of e-commerce. 30. What is a cookie? Who makes cookies, and where are they stored? P. 338 Data created by a Web server that is stored on the hard drive of a users workstation. It provides a way for the Web site to track a users web browsing patterns and preferences. 35. What is the difference between VoIP and VoWLAN? P. 335 VoWLAN allows a user to roam within a building or campus and using a wireless handset, communicate with one or more people using the wireless LAN network.