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Today, I will tell you a story. Once there was a family of Natural numbers where all counting numbers used to live. One day a guest named zero visited the house and requested for a permission to stay there. All were happy; they requested the eldest member of the family Mr. infinite (∞) to grant the permission for 0.

Definition of Rational Number

In mathematics, Rational Numbers can be defined as a ratio of two integers. Rational numbers can be expressed in form of fraction 'a/b' in which 'a' and 'b' are integers where denominator 'b' not equal to zero. We also have set of rational number and 'Q' is used to represent it.

Positive Rational Numbers

Positive rational numbers can be expressed as the ratio 'p/q' where, 'p' and 'q' are both positive integers. Any positive rational number can be expressed as a sum of distinct reciprocals of positive integers like: 3/5 = 1/3+2/6+1/18. A positive rational number has infinitely many different such representations called Egyptian

Negative Rational Numbers

The numbers which are written in form of a/b where a and b are integers such that b≠0 all comes in the family of Rational Numbers. Positive Rational Numbers are those which have both numerators and denominators as positive or negative. Example: 5/7, 6/5 or (-3/-4) are positive rational numbers.

Properties of Rational Numbers

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The rational numbers are closed under addition, subtraction, multiplication and division by nonzero rational numbers. The properties are called closure properties of rational numbers.

Operations on Rational Numbers

In mathematics, we generally deal with four types of basic operations called as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. We can easily perform these four kinds of operations on different type of Rational Numbers.

Rational Numbers on a Number Line

A number line is graphical representation of numbers from negative infinity to positive infinity in a single line. Rational numbers can be expressed in fraction (a/b) form, where 'b' is not equation.

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