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# 6. During the 1988 Olympic Games an Australian athlete was sent home for drug taking.

He claimed to have drunk up to 40 cups of coffee during a days competition, but also claimed that his drinks had been tampered with by an official from another country. Caffeine is a stimulant found in drinks such as tea and coffee and the following facts are known about the drug: After one hour about 25% of an initial intake has been cleared: A cup of coffee contains 100 to 150mg of caffeine. The convulsive dosage (level that can cause death is about 10 grams. The renal clearance rate dy/dt, is proportional to the amount of drug, y, in the body.

An investigation into the effected of repeated intakes of the drug of caffeine has been undertaken, and if a person drinks 40 cups of coffee over an eight hour period, the saturation level of caffeine in the person's body has been determined. If:

Assume the model of Exponential Decay is (this is only valid for one dose):

It will be assumed the first cup is drunk at t=0 and the first cup contains 100mg of coffee. When the second cup of coffee is drunk, there will already some of the previous dose still in the bloodstream. This means that in order to find the concentration after the second dose is given, the previous Y(t) saturation must be added to the concentration after the second cup is drunk. If the athlete was to consume 40 cups of coffee in 8 hours he/she would need to consume one drink every 12 minutes. Assume the second cup is drunk at t=c and t=12), (containing the same amount of coffee as the first). Where: Y(n-) denotes the point in time before the n+1 cup has been consumed and Y(n+) denotes after the n+1 cup has been consumed where the first cup of coffee is n=0.

And thus: The concentration after the second coffee is drunk is given by the equation:

This function is only valid for the concentration directly after the second cup has been drunk and before the third. Suppose a third dose is taken at t=2c. The concentration before the third cup is drunk is given by would be (Y(2-)):

Thus, when the third cup is drunk the concentration would be added to the concentration already in the body, and thus:

Suppose a forth dose is given at t=3c. The concentration before the forth dose is given is (Y(3-)):

Thus, when the fourth dose is given the concentration would be:

Suppose a fifth dose is given at t=4c. The concentration before the fifth dose is given is (Y(4-)):

Thus, when the fifth dose is given, the concentration would be:

However, one hour has passed since the initial cup was drunk and thus, 75% of the first cup of caffeine remains in the body, and thus:

Suppose a sixth dose is given at t=5c. The concentration before the sixth dose is given is (Y(5c-)):

Thus when the sixth dose is given, the concentration would be:

However, one hour has passed since the second cup was drunk, and thus 75% of the caffeine from the second cup of caffeine remains in the body, and thus:

Suppose a seventh dose is given at t=6c. The concentration before the sixth dose is given is (Y(6c-)):

Thus, when the 7th dose is given, the concentration would be:

However, one hour has passed since the third cup was drunk, and thus 75% of the third cup of caffeine remains in the body, and thus:

Suppose a 8th dose is given at t=7c. The concentration before the sixth dose is given is (Y(7c-)):

Thus, when the 8th dose is given, the concentration would be:

However, one hour has passed since the fourth cup was drunk, and thus 75% of the fourth cup of caffeine remains in the body, and thus:

Suppose a 9th dose is given at t=8c. The concentration before the ninth dose is given is (Y(8c-)):

Thus, when the 9th dose is given, the concentration would be:

However, one hour has passed since the fifth cup was drunk, and thus 75% of the fifth cup of caffeine remains in the body, and thus:

Suppose a 10th dose is given at t=9c. This concentration before the tenth dose is given is (Y(9c-)):

Thus, when the 10th dose is given, the concentration would be: