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402

IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 8, 2009

A New Printed Antenna for Multiband Wireless Applications

Yi-Chieh Lee, Student Member, IEEE, and Jwo-Shiun Sun

Abstract—This study presents a new design of a printed an- tenna with simply shaped radiator element for multi-operating bands of the wireless communication systems. With a simple design configuration and slot form on a printed circuit board, the proposed antenna can be used in multiband wireless operations, covering the GSM (880–960 MHz), DCS (1710–1880 MHz), PCS (1850–1990 MHz), UMTS (1920–2170 MHz), 2.4-GHz WLAN (2400–2484 MHz), Mobile-WiMAX (IEEE 802.16e in the Taiwan:

2500–2690 MHz) and 5-GHz WLAN (5150–5350/ 5725–5825 MHz) bands. Several properties of the proposed printed antenna in multiband operation, such as impedance bandwidth, radiation pattern and measured gain are numerically and experimentally investigated.

Index Terms—Multiband, printed antenna, slot, wireless com- munication.

I. INTRODUCTION

M ULTIBAND operations of wireless communication systems have developed rapidly, increasing the need for

low-profile, low-cost, multiband antennas for mobile terminals. Many antennas with broadband and multiband functionality, including inverted-F antennas, monopole antennas, planar antennas and slot antennas, have been described in recent years [1]–[7]. Printed antennas with moderate radiating characteris- tics can be operated at multiple frequency bands. They support dual-band operation in the wireless local area network (WLAN) communication systems [1]–[3]. However, in other antenna designs, a slot patch and a broad ground plane are required for broadband and multiband systems, including the global system for mobile communications (GSM), the digital communication system (DCS), the personal communication system (PCS), the universal mobile telecommunication system (UMTS) and the 2.4- and 5-GHz WLAN bands. The printed antenna presented herein has a simple configu- ration and slot form. It is applied to improve upon the narrow band of the printed monopole antenna with a ground plane for use in GSM (880–960 MHz), DCS (1710–1880 MHz), PCS (1850–1990 MHz), UMTS (1950–2170 MHz), 2.4-GHz WLAN (2400–2484 MHz), Mobile-WiMAX (IEEE 802.16e in the Taiwan: 2500–2690 MHz) and 5-GHz WLAN (5150–5350/ 5725–5825 MHz) applications.

Manuscript received May 30, 2008; revised July 01, 2008 and August 03, 2008. First published August 15, 2008; current version published May 28, 2009. The authors are with the Graduate Institute of Computer and Communica- tion Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei City, Taiwan (e-mail: s3419003@ntut.edu.tw).

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/LAWP.2008.2004634

402 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 8, 2009 A New Printed Antenna for Multiband

Fig. 1.

The geometry of the proposed antenna.

402 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 8, 2009 A New Printed Antenna for Multiband

Fig. 2.

The simulated and measured return loss of the proposed antenna.

Fig. 3. The simulated return losses with different slot form width ( ) of the proposed
Fig. 3. The simulated return losses with different slot form width ( ) of the
proposed antenna.

II. ANTENNA DESIGN

Fig. 1 shows the geometry of the proposed printed antenna with a single-layered metallic structure for multiband applica-

1536-1225/$25.00 © 2009 IEEE

LEE AND SUN: A NEW PRINTED ANTENNA FOR MULTIBAND WIRELESS APPLICATIONS

403

LEE AND SUN: A NEW PRINTED ANTENNA FOR MULTIBAND WIRELESS APPLICATIONS 403 Fig. 4. The simulated
Fig. 4. The simulated return losses with different U-shaped patch length ( ) of the proposed
Fig. 4.
The simulated return losses with different U-shaped patch length ( ) of the proposed antenna.
Fig. 5.
Measured radiation patterns of the proposed antenna at 1900 MHz.

tions. It is printed on a 1.6-mm-thick FR4 substrate with a rel- ative permittivity of 4.4 and dimensions 112 15 mm . The simple design of the printed antenna includes a slot-form patch, a U-shaped ground plane, and a feed microstrip line between the patch and the ground plane. This structure is fed by a 50 coaxial cable. The length of the proposed printed antenna is less than the half-wavelength measured at lower frequency opera- tion. The optimal dimensions of proposed antenna were

LEE AND SUN: A NEW PRINTED ANTENNA FOR MULTIBAND WIRELESS APPLICATIONS 403 Fig. 4. The simulated
LEE AND SUN: A NEW PRINTED ANTENNA FOR MULTIBAND WIRELESS APPLICATIONS 403 Fig. 4. The simulated
LEE AND SUN: A NEW PRINTED ANTENNA FOR MULTIBAND WIRELESS APPLICATIONS 403 Fig. 4. The simulated
LEE AND SUN: A NEW PRINTED ANTENNA FOR MULTIBAND WIRELESS APPLICATIONS 403 Fig. 4. The simulated
LEE AND SUN: A NEW PRINTED ANTENNA FOR MULTIBAND WIRELESS APPLICATIONS 403 Fig. 4. The simulated

mm,

mm, mm, mm, mm, mm, mm,
mm,
mm,
mm,
mm,
mm,
mm,

mm,

mm,

mm,

mm,

mm,

mm, and mm. The dimensions of the antenna were firstly determined using Ansoft HFSS simulation electro- magnetic software, and then verified experimentally.

III. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

Fig. 2 shows the simulated and measured return loss of the proposed printed antenna with simple and low profile structures for multiband applications. Five distinct resonant

modes at around 900, 1900, 2600, 5200, and 5800 MHz are excited with 2.5:1 VSWR, indicating the significant effects on the bandwidth. The measured return loss of the operating

bandwidth is 220 MHz from 760 MHz to 980 MHz in the

first resonance mode. Nevertheless, this resonance bandwidth

is important in the GSM system between 880 MHz and

960 MHz. The slot form of the radiator patch significantly

affects the variation of the second and third resonance modes of 1070 MHz form 1620 MHz to 2690 MHz, which covers the DCS (1710–1880 MHz)/PCS (1850–1990 MHz)/UMTS

404

IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 8, 2009

404 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 8, 2009 Fig. 6. Measured radiation patterns of
Fig. 6. Measured radiation patterns of the proposed antenna at 2600 MHz. Fig. 7. Measured radiation
Fig. 6.
Measured radiation patterns of the proposed antenna at 2600 MHz.
Fig. 7.
Measured radiation patterns of the proposed antenna at 5800 MHz.

(1950–2170 MHz)/2.4-GHz WLAN (2400–2484 MHz)/ resonance modes exhibit a bandwidth of 1840 MHz from

Mobile-WiMAX

(IEEE

802.16e

in

the

Taiwan:

2500–2690 MHz) bands, and it also influences the first low-band operation of the proposed antenna. The two higher

4370 MHz to 6210 MHz, covering the 5-GHz WLAN operation (5150–5350 MHz and 5725–5825 MHz). The measured bandwidth of the proposed antenna covers five resonance

LEE AND SUN: A NEW PRINTED ANTENNA FOR MULTIBAND WIRELESS APPLICATIONS

405

modes 25.3%, corresponding to the first mode, covers the fifth operation frequency bands. The proposed antenna not only

GSM system, 49.6%, corresponding to the second and the exhibits the multiband effect but also satisfies the operating re-

third modes, covers the DCS/ PCS/ UMTS/ 2.4-GHz WLAN/ Mobile-WiMAX systems, and 34.8%, corresponding to the fourth and the fifth modes, covers the 5-GHz WLAN system, respectively. The return loss is measured using an HP8720C vector network analyzer. The simulation demonstrates that the design parameters affect the impedance bandwidth, impedance matching and the reso- nance modes of the proposed antenna in a manner that depends critically on the width of the slot form at the radiator metal plane ( ) and the width of the U-shaped patch on the ground plane ( ). The width of the slot was studied and the results in Fig. 3 obtained. Other parameters were fixed at the optimal values. If the antenna is studied completely, then the impedance band- width of the upper band will be suitable for broadband opera- tion. Modifying the width of the slot slightly affects the middle band operation. However, variation in the width of the U-shaped patch on the ground plane was studied, yielding the results in Fig. 4. Other parameters were fixed at their optimal values. The width of the U-shaped patch influences the impedance matching and bandwidth under all operating conditions. Figs. 5–7 display the measured radiation patterns of the pro- posed printed antenna at 1900, 2600, and 5800 MHz, respec- tively. The radiation patterns with the three planes at 1900 MHz are the same as those of the conventional dipole antenna. The

-
-

plane radiation pattern is omnidirectional at 1900 MHz and

distorted slightly at 2600 MHz. Accordingly, the radiation pat- terns are generally omnidirectional over the entire bandwidth, like those of a conventional dipole antenna. The maximum mea- sured gain in all radiation planes varied from 3.2 to 5.7 dBi in the range 800 1000 MHz in the first operation frequency band, from 1.6 to 6.3 dBi in the range 1700 2700 MHz in the second and the third operation frequency bands, and from 1.6

to 4.2 dBi in the range 5100 5900 MHz in the fourth and the

quirements for wireless communication systems.

IV. CONCLUSION

A new printed antenna was developed for multiband opera- tion. Its simple design strongly affects the antenna’s resonant modes. Experimental results demonstrate that the simple de- sign with the slot form and U-shaped ground plane, and with the appropriate tuning of dimensions, the appropriate operating bandwidth, measured gain and radiation patterns for GSM/DCS/ PCS/UMTS/2.4-GHz WLAN/Mobile-WiMAX/5-GHz WLAN applications can be obtained.

REFERENCES

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