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PREPARED BY: Pratima Pawar Dhawal Patel Ganesh Mansingh Gorakha Neil Barochia

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Q.1) QUALITY OF PUBLIC SPEAKER


Ans:- we are all aware of the importance of public speaking in our

professional as well as personal & social life. Public speaking is all about sharing your mind with a group of individuals. The success of public speaker lies in his ability to communicate his point of view with the members of audience.
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The public speaker should be confident, positive & pleasant. The speaker was able to extend his passion in the minds of people who listened to his speech. This is essence of public speaking. Get the audience agree with what you have tried to accomplish and make them think about it over and over again. Speaker should also maintain confidence and energetic body language it adds speaker credibility. Speaker should have good vocal quality. he should have mastery over language. This does not mean he have to be PhD in English literature. This simply implies that he should be skillful enough to to use the words properly to create impact on his speech. He should know subject well before presenting so people can easily convinced or agreed.

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Speaker should be extreme knowledgeable and his speech should be informative and should contribute audience knowledge bank. Maintain humor in language and keep formal not stern, because it make unapproachable and in that case audience not connect with speaker. Maintain proper eye contact between speech so it connect with audience. Speaker also take care of time speech should not too long it create bad impression and audience get boar.

Finally there is nothing like a perfect speaker. The skill of public speaking is something that improves with a lot of experience.

Q.2) EFFECTIVE PRESENTATION SKILL IS NECCESARY TO MANAGER DO YOU AGREE OR NOT ?


ANS;- YES, I am agree with that effective presenatation skill is necessary to managers . A presentation is a heavy talk and is delivered to a small, Knowledgeable audience at a conference,a seminar or a business meating it in a purpose is to inform, explain, persuade or present a point of view it is followed by question from the audience Persons in responsible position must be a good Speakers as there one many occasion when they are required to address on audience. Being able to speak well is an as self In any profession. Speaking skills can be cultivated and developed with some knowledge of the found aspects of public speaking and with practice.

A effective speaker must follow the four stage Finding out about the enviorment in which the talk is to be deliverd. Preparing the text and the requiedvisuah Taking care of ones physical appearance and body language. Practicing delivery of the talk. This four major point can be brwadly classified further. Finding out about the environment.

FINDING OUT ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENT


The enviornment includes the venue, the organizers, the time available other speaker if any, the audience and ones position in relation to the audience. 1) The venue:- the speaker should be familiar with the physical environment. if it is your home down checked all equipment before and if it is outside you must make effort to get familiar with the room. 2) The organizers:- as speaker should find out everthing about organizers. Like, name of organizers, the president and other important points.
3) The occasions:-it is important to know what is occasion for which the

function and talk has been organized. e.g: is the training session for freshers or new employees etc. 4) Time available:- always ckeck before time is allotted to you. It is necessary to keep stuck watch the time. 5) Other speaker:- it is useful to know about all the people who are involved. Finding about the other speaker and their background and topic which they are going to present.

6) Audience:- this is the largest group it is the most important for any speaker and require careful analysis. 7) Age group:- age group must be taken into consideration before giving speech or presentation. PREPARING THE TEXT The most important thing in the preparing the text is to decide exactly what to say, finding the require information and give it proper shape. It must be logical and have smooth flow from one point to another. For beginning it is advisable to write down the whole speech including address the opening sentence and ending sentence. Talk must fit comfortably and time available . the talk not written text or just read out. It must sound like conversation. The style of speech different from style of writing. given the oral communication follows the traditional beginning. middle and the end the introductory remarks, the main body of the speech and closing remark. the closing must leave clear message.

Speakers appearance and personality


Oral communication come with the speakers physical appearance persons and personality make an important impact. your body language is notice by the audience before you begin to speak

The environment includes the venue,the organizer,the time available other speakers if any, the audience and ones position in relation the audience. The venue. The speaker should be familiar with the physical enviorment. If it is on your home ground,a cheak of the room and all the required equipment must be checked well to befor. And if it outside you must make efforts toget familiar with the room,the speaker position seating arrangement.

Q.3) TYPES OF SPEECHES

Informational: this is the most prevalent type of speech. Your goal is to provide information to your audience. It is often presented with a series of numbers, statistics, and many PowerPoint slides... which tend to make it overdrawn and boring. Inspiring: in this type of speech, you seek to inspire your audience to change something in their lives. This is often called a "motivational speech". In fact, that is a misnomer. Motivation comes from within, nobody can give it to you. Inspiration seeks to draw that motivation from audience members in order to get them to act. Entertaining: the main goal of this speech is to make the audience laugh and to enjoy themselves. These ais the format of most after-dinner speeches. Notice that an entertaining speech is not the same as a standup routine. It is much smoother and logical in its flow. In an entertaining speech, the message comes second to the enjoyment of the audience. Persuasive: it aims to convince an audience of your point of view. Typically, this is a sales presentation. Your goal is to convince an audience of the benefits of your product or service, and your speech is constructed accordingly. Farewell Speech: A Farewell speech is written to extend good wishes at a special milestone in someone's life when leaving an organization, community, company, role or place. It provides an opportunity to thank people who have provided help and support. These occasions are generally informal but it is always helpful to plan what you are going to say in advance

so that the content of your speech is not just left to chance and special references might be made to people who have played an important role. This type of speech should also be short and remember to try to inject some humor Introduction Speech: An Introduction speech is an opener written to introduce the speaker and the subject they will be talking about. It is helpful to provide the audience with details of the speaker's background and achievements in order to establish the speakers credibility with respect to the topic Anniversary Speech: An Anniversary speech is written to extend congratulations at reaching a special milestone in a marriage. These occasions are generally informal but it is always helpful to plan what you are going to say in advance so that the content of your speech is not just left to chance, or just a couple of words like "Happy Anniversary!". Motivational Speech: Motivational speech is written to persuade, or convince the listeners, to take action to improve. This might involve convincing someone that increased effort and energy will lead to improved performance. A motivational speech should provide an outline of the problem and the benefits of change which will require elements of conviction, direction, intensity and persistence from the speaker in their efforts to persuade the listener to take a pro-active approach.

Q.4) Abstract good speaker in brief?


Definition: One who utters or pronounces a discourse; usually, one who utters a speech in public; as, the man is a good speaker, or a bad speaker.

1) Barack Obama is a good spekar After studying the speeches of Martin Luther King Jr. and John F. Kennedy, linguist Mark Liberman found that their speaking styles are radically different. Then theres Barack Obama. His keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention instantly earned him a reputation as one of the Democratic Partys great contemporary orators. And that reputation has only been further hyped since the beginning of the presidential campaign, most recently because of the wildly popular music video, Yes We Can, which set to music ObamaS primary night speech in New Hampshire. The video, created by Black Eyed Peas front man will. I am, was released on Feb. 2 and has been viewed almost 10 million times on You Tube and yeswecansong.com. Liberman, a linguistics professor at the University of Pennsylvania, thinks the most distinctive thing about Obamas speeches isnt the delivery, but the lyricism in the writing. You can take a short phrase like that, spoken any kind of way as long as its not dragged out, and sing over it, he said. Theres also a certain amount of repetition the Yes We Can theme that allows this kind of weaving of vocal lines. But if thats right, then whats really musical about that speech was not so much its delivery, but its composition. It was written like a song, but not performed like a song.

Linguist Geoff Nunberg, too, sees elements of Obamas speeches that he says lend themselves to song. He does these parallel constructions, said Nunberg, a researcher at Stanford Universitys Center for the Study of Language and Information. For example, he says, Its not because of this, its not because of that. In a Jan. 20 New York Times story, Obamas head speechwriter, 26year-old Jon Favreau, said when writing speeches for Obama, he draws inspiration from John Kennedy, King and Robert F. Kennedy, suggesting, again, that Obamas reputation as a master speechmaker owes a large debt to the simple act of borrowing devices from great public speakers of the past. But Nunberg said theres more to it than the writing. Hes mastered a certain cadence thats very effective, said Nunberg. He turns to the right to make his first point with a rise, then he turns to his left with a fall to close. Nunberg said these engaging cadences are similar to those of Dr. King. Though the movement helps hold the audiences attention, too much movement, Nunberg said, can convey a lack of control. Obama, he said, has been able to balance the extremes like Kennedy. When Obama is speaking, Nunberg said, his arms move, but his body orientation does not change. Also, he doesnt let his arms get too far away from his body and he keeps his hands closed, instead of open. Hes very cool in a sense that Kennedy was cool, Nunberg said.

His gesture and his posture are controlled. Another similarity Obama has with Kennedy is his limited pitch range, which enables him to convey passion without exhibiting it, Nunberg said. Hillary Clinton, on the other hand, raises her pitch noticeably when trying to draw a response from her crowd. Also, she bobs her head and she has a way with her eyeballs to signal a kind of exclamation point, Nunberg explained. But, he added, Clinton is much better in smaller settings, like debates, where the candidates are improvising. She goes straight to the answer, while Obama often starts his sentences one way, and restarts them with different structure. Nunberg suggested that much of the excitement Obama has been able to generate in large gatherings has had to do with voters attending his events with the idea that he will deliver excitement. If you come with the idea or hope of being engaged, or sufficient numbers of people come with the hope of being engaged, it is engaging, he said. Liberman said, Theres no silver bullet. I dont think the answer is something so superficial as sentence structure, intonation, that kind of stuff. You couldnt say if you adapted his style then you would be successful. I wish I could say otherwise, because then I could go into business as a political consultant. Good speaker can be a good leader

Home Articles Good speaker can be a good leader A good and successful speaker must be aware two important things the content and structure of his speech. The speech must contain the right and relevant information and presented in a manner that sustains the hearer's attention. A successful speaker also knows how much information the audience can absorb in one sitting without losing interest. The presentation must be cogent with a logical beginning and an appropriate ending. It must be sequenced and paced so that the audience truly enjoys the speech. The speaker must not digress too much and lose the main thrust of his speech. The voice is probably the most valuable tool for any speaker. The listeners may have difficulty and feel uncomfortable hearing voices that are too fast, too loud, too soft, etc. A good speaker knows how to modulate his voice without changing the original nature of his voice. Experienced speakers lower their voice to draw the audience in, and raise their voice to stress a point. A voice that carries fear can frighten the audience, while a voice that sounds humorous can get the audience to smile and remain cheerful. Your body communicates different impressions to the audience. People not only listen to you, they also watch your body language. Adopting a good posture tells your audience that you know what you are doing and you care deeply about it. Also, a good posture helps you to speak more clearly and effectively. If you fail to gesture while speaking, you may be perceived as a bit stiff and monotonous speaker. Instead a lively speaking style captures attention makes the speech more interesting, and facilitates better understanding. Smiling while speaking is a powerful method to transmit happiness

and spread warmth. Smiling is also contagious and others will react favorably. They will be more comfortable around you and will want to listen to you more. Lean forward when speaking as it gives hearers the impression that you are receptive, and amiable. Interpersonal closeness results when you and your audience face each other. Speaking with your back turned or looking away from the audience should be avoided as it communicates disinterest. The main negative factors of a speaker can be diffidence and nervousness which can affect voice clarity, posture, and spontaneity. The voice begins to tremble,shoulders tighten up and legs start to shake and cause unsteadiness. Always allow time at the end of the speech for listeners to raise questions. After inviting questions, do not rush ahead if no one asks a question. Pause for a while to allow the audience to regroup their thoughts. When a question is asked, repeat the question to ensure that everyone hears it and also to make sure you heard it right. When answering, direct your remarks to the entire audience and not merely to the questioner. Answers that last up to 40 seconds work best. If they are too short, they seem abrupt; while long answers appear too elaborate. If you are invited to deliver special speeches or keynote addresses, then you need to take time to prepare. Speeches, on such occasions, must follow a format and preferably contain interesting anecdotes, pleasant humor, quotations etc to sustain audience interest. Most of us are aware of the power of an audience. It is often a frightening experience when looking at of several pairs of eyes looking at us expectantly and in silence. It takes a little courage, but the

rewards are enormous. Whether you are managing a business, heading an institution or running a home, you need leadership qualities to excel. Once you are able to see what others expect of you, then you can move on to developing all essential skills of leadership such as good communication skills, gift of expression, ability to think spontaneously, sense of humor, compelling presence etc.

Q.5 RIGHT START OF SPEECH AND END AND HOW TO RIGHT SPEECH ANS:- The

Right Start

Plunge into the subject directly and immediately Read The Right Start fer to the speech of previous speaker Some occurrence of the day Identify yourself with the audience A story from a personal experience Shocking statistics Question/humour/quotation Not too formal The Right Ending End in a climax

Dont end with This is all I have to say Plan your end in advance Summarize the main points/appeal for action/giving audience sincere compliment/joke/poem How to write speech ?
Having good speech is a lot like making a good cack .having the right ingredients is key for its success . Before you start speech first you have to ask yourself what your main idea is. Outline the key components of your main idea and the ultimate goal of your speech . it looks something like this .. Main idea :- what is the main idea I want to get across ? Goal :- what to I want people to learn from my speech ? This is should be simple people should learn atleast two or three key points. It is better to do a speech which is clear and well thought out with couple simple points than a long speech which confuse the people. A basic speech consists of three main elements Introduction:A summary of what the points you want to get across. This gets the attention early on and it sets the tone for your speech It should be a couple of points for a ten minute talk. For example 1. What sailing is ? 2. Why I like it.?
After you are ready for the Conclusion- This should sum up all of your key points and serves as a reminder of what you just talked about.

Dos and Donts


Use simple, direct words Know exactly what you want to say Cut words wherever possible, be brief Use everyday English, not jargon Vary the length of your sentences Use active verbs Dont use passive tense Dont use modifiers