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No 146
2010 Edition
Editor: Ian Macrory
Office for National Statistics

ISBN 978-0-230-24316-3

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Contents

Contents Whether items are National Statistics, non National Statistics


Page
Acknowledgements

xi

Units of measurement

xii

Introduction

xiii

Type*

1: Area
1.1

Area of the United Kingdom, 2007

NS

6
6
7
7

Non NS
Non NS
Non NS
Non NS

Gross public expenditure on aid (GPEX)


Total bilateral gross public expenditure on aid (GPEX):
by main recipient countries and regions

12

NS

12

NS

UK Defence expenditure
Intake of UK regular forces from civilian life: by service
Formation of the UK armed forces
Outow of UK regular forces: by service
UK Defence: service manpower strengths
UK Defence: civilian manpower strengths
Family accommodation and defence land holdings
Location of UK service personnel
UK regular forces: deaths
Strength of uniformed UK medical staff
UK Defence services and the civilian community

18
18
19
20
20
21
21
22
22
23
24

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

29
30
31
34
35
36
36
37

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

38
40

NS
NS

41

NS

2: Parliamentary elections
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4

Parliamentary elections
Parliamentary by-elections
Devolved assembly elections (Wales and Scotland)
Devolved assembly elections (Northern Ireland)

3: International development
3.1
3.2

4: Defence
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11

5: Population
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11

Population summary: by country and sex


Population changes : by country
Age distribution of the resident population: by sex and country
Marital condition (de jure): estimated population: by age and sex
Geographical distribution of the population
Population: by ethnic group and age, 2007
Total international migration estimates: citizenship
Estimates of migration into and out of the UK: by usual occupation and sex
Estimates of migration into and out of the UK by citizenship and country of last
or next residence
Grants of settlement by country of nationality
Applications received for asylum in the UK, excluding dependants, by country of
nationality

iii

Contents

5.12
5.13
5.14
5.15
5.16
5.17
5.18
5.19
5.20
5.21
5.22
5.23

Marriages: by previous marital status, sex, age and country


Divorce: by duration of marriage, age of wife and country
Divorce proceedings: by country
Births: by country and sex
Birth occurrence: inside and outside marriage by age of mother
Live births: by age of mother and country
Legal abortions: by age for residents
Deaths: by sex and age
Infant and maternal mortality
Death rates: by sex and age
Interim life tables
Adoptions by date of entry in Adopted Children Register: by sex, age and country

Page

Type*

42
44
46
48
50
51
53
54
58
60
61
62

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

87
88
89
90
91
95
96
97
97
98
98
100
101
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
109
109
110
114

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

6: Education
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10
6.11

Number of schools by type and establishments of further and higher education


Full-time and part-time pupils in school by age and sex
Number of pupils and teachers, and pupil:teacher ratios by school type
Full-time and part-time pupils with special educational needs (SEN)
GCE, GCSE,SCE/NQ and vocational qualications obtained by pupils and students
Students in further education by country, mode of study, sex and age
Students in further education by country, mode of study, sex and area
Students in higher education by level, mode of study, sex and age
Students in higher education by level, mode of study, sex and subject group
Students obtaining higher education qualications: by level, sex and subject group
Qualied teachers: by type of school and gender

7: Labour market
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13
7.14
7.15
7.16
7.17
7.18
7.19
7.20
7.21
7.22
7.23
7.24

iv

Labour Force summary: by sex


Employment status, full-time, part-time and temporary employees
Employment: by sex and age
Distribution of the workforce:by sex
Employee jobs by industry
Weekly hours worked: by sex
International comparisons: Employment and unemployment rates
Civil Service employment by department
Unemployment: number by sex and age group
Unemployment: percentage by sex and age group
Duration of unemployment: by sex
Claimant count: by age and duration
Unemployment rates: by region
Claimant count rates: by region
Claimant count: by region
Economic activity: by sex and age
Economically inactive: by sex and age
Economically inactive: by reason and sex
Labour disputes: by industry
Median weekly and hourly earnings of full-time employees by industry division
Median weekly and hourly earnings and total paid hours of full-time employees
Average weekly earnings: main industrial sectors
Average weekly earnings: by industry
Median gross weekly and hourly earnings of full-time employees by sex

Contents

7.25
7.26

Page

Type*

115
116

NS
Non NS

120
122
122
123
124

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

128
129
130
131
132

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

133
136

NS
NS

137
138
138

NS
NS
NS

145
145
146
147
150
151

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

152
152
153
153
153
154

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

155
156
157

NS
NS
NS

157
157
158
158
158
159

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

Median weekly and hourly earnings of full-time employees by age group


Trade Unions

8: Income and wealth


8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5

Distribution of total income before and after tax


Average incomes of households before and after taxes and benets
Sources of gross household income
Household expenditure based on FES classication
Percentage of households with certain durable goods

9: Health
National Health Service
9.1
Ambulance service staff by type: by country
9.2
Hospital and primary care services: Scotland
9.3
Hospital and general health services: Northern Ireland
9.4
Health services: workforce summary, England
9.5
Health services: workforce summary, Wales
Public Health
9.6
Deaths: by cause
9.7
Notications of infectious diseases: by country
9.8
Estimated number of cases of work-related disease reported by specialist physicians
to THOR
9.9
Deaths due to occupationally related lung disease
9.10
Injuries to workers: by industry and severity of injury

10: Social Protection


10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.9
10.10
10.11
10.12
10.13
10.14
10.15
10.16
10.17
10.18
10.19
10.20
10.21

National Insurance Fund


Persons who paid National Insurance contributions in a tax year: by sex
National Insurance contributions
Weekly rates of principal social security benets
Social Security Acts: number of persons receiving benet
Jobseekers Allowance claimants: by benet entitlement
Employment and support allowance and incapacity benet claimants: by sex, age
and duration of spell
Attendance allowance - cases in payment: Age and gender of claimant
Child benets
Family Credit/Working Families' Tax Credit
In-work Families with Child or Working Tax Credit awards.
Widows Benets (excluding bereavement payment): by type of benet
Bereavement Benets (excluding bereavement payment): by sex, type of benet and
age of widow/er
Contributory and non-contributory retirement pensions: by sex and age of claimant
War pensions: estimated number of pensioners
Income support (excluding MIG) by statistical group: number of claimants receiving
weekly payment
MIG/Pension Credit: number of claimants
Income support: average weekly amounts of benet
MIG/Pension Credit: average weekly amounts of benet
Summary of government expenditure on social services and housing
Summary of government expenditure on education

Contents

Page
10.22
10.23
10.24
10.25

Summary of government expenditure on Health


Summary of government expenditure on personal social services
Summary of government expenditure on social security benets and administration
Summary of government expenditure on housing

Type*

160
160
161
162

NS
NS
NS
NS

167
168

NS
NS

England and Wales


11.3
Recorded crime statistics: by offence group
11.4
Offenders found guilty: by offence group
11.5
Offenders cautioned: by offence group
11.6
Offenders found guilty of offences: by age and sex
11.7
Persons cautioned by the police: by age and sex
11.8
Sentence or order passed on persons sentenced for indictable offences: by sex
11.9
Persons sentenced to life imprisonment or immediate custody : by sex and age
11.10
Receptions and average population in custody
11.11
Prison population serving sentences: by age and offence
11.12
Expenditure on prisons

169
170
171
172
172
173
174
175
176
178

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

Scotland
11.13
11.14
11.15
11.16
11.17
11.18
11.19

179
180
180
181
181
182
182

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

183
183
183
184
185

NS
Non NS
Non NS
Non NS
NS

189
189
190
190
190
191
191
192
192
192
193
193
194

Non NS
Non NS
Non NS
Non NS
Non NS
Non NS
Non NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

11: Crime and justice


11.1
11.2

Police force strength: by country and sex


Prison Population international comparisons

Crimes and offences recorded by the police: by crime group


Persons with a charge proved: by crime group
Persons with a charge proved: by court procedure
Persons with charge proved: by main penalty
Persons with charge proved: by age and sex
Penal establishments: average daily population and receptions
Expenditure on penal establishments

Northern Ireland
11.20
Recorded crime statistics: by offence group
11.21
Persons found guilty at all courts: by offence group
11.22
Juveniles found guilty at all courts: by offence group
11.23
Disposals given to those convicted by court
11.24
Prisons and Young Offenders Centres

12: Lifestyles
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
12.8
12.9
12.10
12.11
12.12
12.13

vi

Expenditure by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport


Estimates of average issue readership of national daily newspapers
Employment in creative industries
Cinema statistics
Films
Box ofce top 20 lms released
Activities undertaken by visitors from overseas during visit: by region
International tourism
Holidays abroad by UK residents: by destination
Domestic tourism
Attendance at leisure and cultural activities
Gambling
Most popular boys and girl baby names in England and Wales, 2008

Contents

Page

Type*

203
203
204
204
204
205
205
205
206
206

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
Non NS
Non NS

207
208
208
209
209
210
210
211
212

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
Non NS

213
213
214

Non NS
NS
NS

217
217
218
219
219
220
221
221
221

Non NS
NS
NS
Non NS
Non NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

227
228
229
230

NS
NS
NS
NS

230
231
231
232
232
232

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

13: Environment
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6
13.7
13.8
13.9
13.10
13.11
13.12
13.13
13.14
13.15
13.16
13.17
13.18
13.19
13.20
13.21
13.22

Government revenues from environmental taxes


Atmospheric emissions on a National Accounts basis 2007
Greenhouse gas emissions: weighted by global warming potential
Greenhouse gas emissions bridging table
Estimated emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2)
Estimated emissions of methane (CH4)
Estimated emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O)
Road Transport emissons by pollutant
Annual rainfall: by region
UK annual weather summary
Biological and chemical water quality of rivers and canals - England, Wales and
Northern Ireland
Chemical and biological water quality - Scotland
Reservoir stocks in England and Wales: by month
Water industry expenditure - England and Wales
Water pollution incidents
Bathing water: by region
Estimated abstractions from all surface and groundwater sources: by purpose
Estimates of remaining recoverable oil and gas reserves
Muncipal waste disposal:by method
Amounts of different materials from household sources collected for recycling by
collection method 2008/09
Noise incidents received by Environmental Health Ofcers - England and Wales
Material ows

14: Housing
14.1
14.2
14.3
14.4
14.5
14.6
14.7
14.8
14.9

Stock of dwellings: by tenure and country


Type of accommodation by Tenure 2007
Permanent dwellings completed: by tenure and country
Stock of dwellings: Estimated annual gains and losses
Housebuilding completions: by number of bedrooms
County Court mortgage possession actions: by region
Mortgages
Sales and transfers of local authority dwellings
Households living in temporary accommodation

15: Transport and communications


15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4

Trips per person per year: by sex, main mode and trip purpose
Retail Prices Index: transport components
Domestic freight transport: by mode
Passenger transport: by mode

Road Transport
Great Britain
15.5
Motor vehicle trafc: by road class
15.6
Public road length: by road type
15.7
Road trafc: by type of vehicle
15.8
Motor vehicles currently licenced
15.9
New vehicle registration: by taxation class
15.10
Driving test pass rates: by sex and type of vehicle licence

vii

Contents

Page

Type*

233
234

NS
NS

Northern Ireland
15.13
Vehicles with current licences
15.14
New vehicle registrations

235
235

NS
NS

Great Britain
15.15
Local bus services: passenger journeys: by area
15.16
Local bus services: fare indices: by area
15.17
Road accident casualties: by road user type and severity
15.18
Freight transport by road: goods moved by goods vehicles over 3.5 tonnes
15.19
Freight transport by road: goods lifted by goods vehicles over 3.5 tonnes

235
236
236
237
238

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

Rail Transport
Great Britain
15.20
Rail systems summary
15.21
National railways freight

239
240

NS
NS

Northern Ireland
15.22
Railways: permanent way and rolling stock
15.23
Operating statistics of railways

240
241

Non NS
Non NS

Air Transport
15.24
Main output of United Kingdom airlines
15.25
Air trafc between the United Kingdom and abroad
15.26
Operations and trafc on scheduled services: revenue trafc
15.27
Activity at civil aerodromes

241
241
242
243

Non NS
Non NS
Non NS
Non NS

Communications
15.28
Household digital television:by type of service
15.29
Telephones and the internet
15.30
Postal Services and television licences

243
244
246

Non NS
Non NS
Non NS

251
252
253
254
255
256
256
257
258

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

259

NS

260

NS

260
261
262
263

NS
NS
NS
NS

264

NS

15.11
15.12

Full car driving licence holders: by sex and age


Households with regular use of cars

16: National accounts


16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
16.5
16.6
16.7
16.8
16.9
16.10
16.11
16.12
16.13
16.14
16.15
16.16

viii

United Kingdom national and domestic product: Main aggregates


United Kingdom gross domestic product and national income: Current prices
United Kingdom gross domestic product: Chained volume measures
Gross value added at current basic prices: by industry
Gross value added at basic prices: by industry: Chained volume indices
Non-nancial corporations: allocation of primary income account
Non-nancial corporations: secondary distribution of income account
General government: allocation of primary income account
General government: secondary distribution of income account
Households and non-prot institutions serving households: allocation of primary
income account
Households and non-prot institutions serving households: secondary distribution
of income account
Households and non-prot institutions serving households: use of disposable
income account
The sector accounts: key economic indicators
Household nal consumption expenditure at current market prices: by purpose
Household nal consumption expenditure: by purpose: Chained volume measures
Individual consumption expenditure by households, NPISHs and general
government: Current market prices

Contents

Page

Type*

266
267

NS
NS

268
268

NS
NS

269
269

NS
NS

274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

282

NS

287
288
289
290
292
293
295

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

296
297
297
298
298

NS
NS
NS
NS
Non NS

United Kingdom
18.13
Local authorities: gross loan debt outstanding

299

NS

England and Wales


18.14
Rateable values
18.15
Revenue expenditure of local authorities
18.16
Finance of revenue expenditure
18.17
Capital expenditure and income
18.18
Local authority capital expenditure and receipts (England)
18.19
Local authority capital expenditure and receipts (Wales)

299
300
302
302
303
303

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

16.17
16.18
16.19
16.20
16.21
16.22

Individual consumption expenditure: by households, NPISHs and general


government: Chained volume measures
Change in inventories: Chained volume measures
Gross xed capital formation at current purchasers prices: by broad sector and
type of asset
Gross xed capital formation at current purchasers prices: by type of asset
Gross xed capital formation: by broad sector and type of asset: Chained volume
measures
Gross xed capital formation: by type of asset: Chained volume measures

17: Prices
17.1
17.2
17.3
17.4
17.5
17.6
17.7
17.8
17.9

Producer price index of materials and fuels purchased: by all manufacturing and
selected industries SIC(92)
Producer price index of output: by all manufacturing and selected industries SIC(92)
Internal purchasing power of the pound
Consumer Prices Index: detailed gures by division
Retail Prices Index
Tax and Price Index
Index of purchase prices of the means of agricultural production
Index of producer prices of agricultural products
Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICPs) International comparisons: EU
countrries

18: Government nance


Central government
18.1
Sector analysis of key scal balances
18.2
Public sector transactions and scal balances
18.3
Public sector net debt
18.4
Central government surplus on current budget and net borrowing
18.5
National Loans Fund: assets and liabilities
18.6
Taxes paid by UK residents to general government and the European Union
18.7
Borrowing and repayment of debt
18.8
Central Government net cash requirement on own account (receipts and outlays
on a cash basis)
18.9
HM Revenue and Customs taxes and duties
18.10
British government and government guaranteed marketable securities
18.11
Income tax: allowances and reliefs
18.12
Rates of Income tax
Local authorities

ix

Contents

Scotland
18.20
Expenditure of local authorities
18.21
Income of local authorities: classied according to source
18.22
Income of local authorities from government grants
Northern Ireland
18.23
Expenditure of local authorities

Page

Type*

304
305
305

NS
NS
NS

306

NS

312
313
315
316
317
318
319
320
322
323
324

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

325
326

NS
NS

327
328

NS
NS

329

NS

330

NS

331

NS

335
335

NS
NS

335

NS

336
336

NS
NS

340
342
344
345
346
347
348
348

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

19: External trade and investment


19.1
19.2
19.3
19.4
19.5
19.6
19.7
19.8
19.9
19.10
19.11
19.12
19.13
19.14
19.15
19.16
19.17
19.18

Trade in goods
Import penetration and export sales ratios for products of manufacturing industry
United Kingdom exports: by commodity
United Kingdom imports: by commodity
United Kingdom exports: by area
United Kingdom imports: by area
Services supplied (exports) and purchased (imports)
International trade in services: by country
Summary of balance of payments
Summary of balance of payments: balances (credits less debits)
Balance of payments: current account
Balance of payments: summary of international investment position, nancial
account and investment income
Net Foreign Direct Investment ows abroad analysed by area and main country
Net Foreign Direct Investment international investment position abroad analysed by
area and main country
Net Foreign Direct Investment abroad analysed by area and main country
Net Foreign Direct Investment ows in the United Kingdom analysed by area and
main country
Net Foreign Direct Investment international positions in the United Kingdom
analysed by area and main country
Net earnings from Foreign Direct Investment in the United Kingdom analysed by
area and main country

20: Research and Development


20.1
20.2
20.3
20.4
20.5

Cost of research and development: by sector


Gross central government expenditure on research and development
Net central government expenditure on research and development: by European
Union objectives for research and development expenditure
Intramural expenditure on Business Enterprise research and development: by
industry
Sources of funds for research and development within Business Enterprises

21: Agriculture, sheries and food


21.1
21.2
21.3
21.4
21.5
21.6
21.7
21.8

Production and income account at current prices


Output and input volume indices
Agriculture land-use
Estimated quantity of crops and grass harvested
Cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry on agricultural holdings
Forestry
Sales for food of agricultural produce and livestock
Estimates of producers of organic and in-conversion livestock

Contents

Page

Type*

349
350

NS
NS

351

NS

351
351

NS
NS

Fisheries
21.14
Summary of UK shing industry
21.15
Fishing eet

352
353

NS
NS

Food consumption
21.16
Estimated household food consumption

354

NS

Production and construction: summary table


Manufacturers sales: by industry
Number of local units in manufacturing industries

361
365
370

NS
NS
NS

Production of primary fuels


Total inland energy consumption
Coal: supply and demand
Fuel input and gas output: gas consumption
Electricity: generation, supply and consumption
Electricity: plant capacity and demand
Electricity: fuel used in generation
Indigenous petroleum production, renery receipts, imports and exports of oil
Throughput of crude and process oils and output of rened products from
reneries
Deliveries of petroleum products for inland consumption

371
371
372
372
373
374
374
375

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

375
376

NS
NS

377
378
379
380
382
382

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

21.9
21.10
21.11
21.12
21.13

Producers of organic and in-conversion livestock, Organic producers, growers,


processors and importers
Organic and in-conversion land and land use
Average weekly and hourly earnings and hours of full time male agricultural
workers
Average weekly and hourly earnings and hours of agricultural workers: by
type, 2003
Workers employed in agriculture: by type

22: Production
22.1
22.2
22.3
Energy
22.4
22.5
22.6
22.7
22.8
22.9
22.10
22.11
22.12
22.13

Industrial materials
22.14
Iron and steel: Summary of steel supplies, deliveries and stocks
22.15
Iron and steel: Iron ore, manganese ore, pig iron and iron and steel scrap
22.16
Iron and steel: Furnaces and production of steel
22.17
Non-ferrous metals
22.18
Fertilisers
22.19
Minerals: production
Building and construction
22.20
Building materials and components
22.21
Volume of construction output by all agencies by type of work at constant 2000
prices (seasonally adjusted)
22.22
Value of new orders obtained by contractors for new work at current prices

383

NS

384
384

NS
NS

Manufactured goods
22.23
Total engineering: Total turnover of UK based manufacturers
22.24
Manufacture of machinery and equipment not elsewhere classied
22.25
New car registrations
22.26
Alcoholic drink
22.27
Tobacco products: released for home consumption

385
386
387
388
388

NS
NS
Non NS
NS
NS

xi

Contents

Page

Type*

392
393

NS
NS

394
397
400

NS
NS
NS

402
402
403
404
405
406
407

NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS

408
408

NS
NS

409
409
410

NS
NS
NS

Insolvency
23.18
Individual insolvencies
23.19
Company insolvencies

412
412

NS
NS

23.20
23.21
23.22

413
414
415

NS
NS
NS

419
421
422
425

NS
NS
NS
NS

23: Banking, insurance


23.1
23.2
23.3
23.4
23.5
23.6
23.7
23.8
23.9
23.10
23.11
23.12

Bank of England balance sheet


Value of inter-bank clearings
Monetary nancial institutions (excluding Central Bank) balance sheet, liabilities
and assets
Industrial analysis of bank lending to UK residents
Industrial analysis of bank deposits from UK residents
Public sector net cash requirement and other counterparts to changes in money
stock during the year
Money stock and liquidity
Selected retail banks base rate
Average three month sterling money market rates
Average foreign exchange rates
Average zero coupon yields
Average rates on representative British Government Stocks

Other nancial institutions


23.13
Building societies
23.14
Consumer credit
23.15
End-year assets and liabilities of investment trust companies, unit trusts and
property unit trusts
23.16
Self-administered pension funds: market value of assets
23.17
Insurance companies: balance sheet market values

Selected nancial statistics


Selected interest rates, exchange rates and security prices
Mergers and acquisitions in the UK by UK companies: category of expenditure

24: Service industry


24.1
24.2
24.3
24.4
Sources

428

Index

443

xii

Retail businesses
Retail trade: index numbers of value and volume of sales
Motor trades
Catering and allied trades

This publication contains a mixture of 'National Statistics' and 'Other Ofcial Statistics'. Statistics
accredited as 'National Statistics' (NS) are fully compliant with the Code of Practice for Ofcial Statistics
and carry the National Statistics Kitemark. Statistics labelled as 'Other Ofcial Statistics' (Non NS) follow
many of the best practice principles set out in the Code but have not been accredited as fully compliant.

Contributors and acknowledgements

Contributors and acknowledgements


The editor would like to thank the following people for their help in producing this book:
Production team:

Leah Corten
Tammy Powell
Sue Punt
Dilys Rosen
Karen Whittaker
Andrew White

Contributors
The Editor also wishes to thank all his colleagues in ONS, the rest of the Government Statistical Service and all
contributors in other organisations for their generous support and helpful comments, without whose help this
publication would not be possible.
Design: ONS Design
Typesetting: Kerrypress Typesetters Ltd
Publishing management: Phil Lewin, Brenda Miles



5NITSOFMEASUREMENT








,ENGTH
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 GRAMSORHECTOGRAMS
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 KILOGRAMSORTONNES
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 EGGS
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 TONNES
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FEET
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OFCARGO BUNKERS STORESANDCREW

Introduction

Introduction
Introduction
Welcome to the 2010 edition of the Annual Abstract
of Statistics. This compendium draws together
statistics from a wide range of ofcial and other
authoritative sources. All contributors help is gratefully
acknowledged.
This will be the last print edition of the Annual Abstract.
Future web editions will be available free of charge on
the Ofce for National Statistics (ONS) website:
www.ons.gov.uk.
Regional information, supplementary to the national
gures in Annual Abstract, appear in Regional Trends
online. The latest edition of Regional Trends is available
electronically on the ONS website free of charge. This
can be accessed at:
www.statistics.gov.uk/regionaltrends/data
Print editions are available from Palgrave Macmillan (see
page ii).
Current data for many of the series appearing in
this Annual Abstract are contained in other ONS
publications, such as Economic & Labour Market
Review, Population Trends, Health Statistics Quarterly
and Financial Statistics.
Other ONS publications which contain related data are
the Monthly Digest of Statistics and Social Trends. These
are also published by Palgrave Macmillan or can be
found directly at:
www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product.asp?vlnk=611
www.statistics.gov.uk/socialtrends/
The name (and telephone number, where this is
available) of the organisation providing the statistics are
shown under each table. In addition, a list of Sources is
given at the back of the book, which sets out the ofcial
publications or other sources to which further reference
can be made.

Identication codes
The four-letter identication code at the top of each
data column, or at the side of each row is the ONS
reference for this series of data on our database. Please
quote the relevant code if you contact us requiring any
further information about the data. On some tables it is
not possible to include these codes, so please quote the
table number in these cases.

Denitions and classication


Time series
So far as possible annual totals are given throughout,
but quarterly or monthly gures are given where
these are more suitable to the type of series.
Explanatory notes
Most sections are preceded by explanatory notes
which should be read in conjunction with the tables.
Denitions and explanatory notes for many of the
terms occurring in the Annual Abstract are also
given in the Annual Supplement to the Monthly
Digest of Statistics, published in the January edition.
Detailed notes on items which appear in both the
Annual Abstract and Financial Statistics are given in
an annual supplement to the latter entitled Financial
Statistics Explanatory Handbook. The original sources
listed in the Sources may also be consulted.

Standard Industrial Classication


A Standard Industrial Classication (SIC) was rst
introduced into the UK in 1948 for use in classifying
business establishments and other statistical units by the
type of economic activity in which they are engaged.
The classication provides a framework for the
collection, tabulation, presentation and analysis of data
about economic activities. Its use promotes uniformity
of data collected by various government departments
and agencies.
Since 1948 the classication has been revised in 1958,
1968, 1980, 1992, 2003 and 2007. One of the principal
objectives of the 1980 revision was to eliminate
differences from the activity classication issued by
the Statistical Ofce of the European Communities
(Eurostat) and entitled Nomenclature gnrale
des activits conomiques dans les Communauts
Europennes, usually abbreviated to NACE.
In 1990 the European Communities introduced a new
statistical classication of economic activities (NACE
Rev 1) by regulation. The regulation made it obligatory
for the UK to introduce a new Standard Industrial
Classication SIC(92), based on NACE Rev 1. UK SIC(92)
was based exactly on NACE Rev 1 but, where it was
thought necessary or helpful, a fth digit was added
to form subclasses of the NACE 1 four digit system.
Classication systems need to be revised periodically
because, over time, new products, processes and
industries emerge. In January 2003 a minor revision of
NACE Rev 1, known as NACE Rev 1.1, was published in
the Ofcial Journal of the European Communities.



Introduction

Consequently, the UK was obliged to introduce a new


Standard Industrial Classication, SIC(2003) consistent
with NACE Rev 1.1. The UK took the opportunity of the
2003 revision also to update the national Subclasses.
Full details are available in UK Standard Industrial
Classication of Economic Activities 2003 and the
Indexes to the UK Standard Industrial Classication of
Economic Activities 2003. These are the most recent
that are currently used. The most up to date version is
the UK Standard Industrial Classication of Economic
activities 2007 (SIC2007). It will be implemented in ve
stages and came into effect on 1 January 2008.
For reference year 2008, the Annual Business
Inquiry (parts 1 & 2) will be based on SIC 2007
PRODCOM will also be based on SIC 2007 from
reference year 2008
Other annual outputs will be based on SIC 2007
from reference year 2009, unless otherwise
determined by regulation
Quarterly and monthly surveys will be based on
SIC 2007 from the rst reference period in 2010,
unless otherwise determined by regulation
National Accounts will move to SIC 2007 in
September 2011
ONS is currently working on a detailed implementation
plan for the introduction of the new classication,
covering all of our surveys and outputs. For further
information see:
www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product.asp?vlnk=14012

Revisions to contents
Some of the gures, particularly for the latest year, are
provisional and may be revised in a subsequent issue of
the Annual Abstract.

Symbols and conventions used


Change of basis
Where consecutive gures have been compiled
on different bases and are not strictly comparable,
a footnote is added indicating the nature of the
difference.
Geographic coverage
Statistics relate mainly to the UK. Where gures relate
to other areas, this is indicated on the table.
Units of measurement
The various units of measurement used are listed
after the Contents.



Rounding of gures
In tables where gures have been rounded to the
nearest nal digit, the constituent items may not add
up exactly to the total.
Symbols
The following symbols have been used throughout:
.. = not available or not applicable (also information
supressed to avoid disclosure)
-

= nil or less than half the nal digit shown

Ofce for National Statistics online:


www.ons.gov.uk
Web-based access to time series, cross-sectional data
and metadata from across the Government Statistical
Service (GSS), is available using the site search function
from the homepage. Download many datasets, in
whole or in part, or consult directory information for all
GSS statistical resources, including censuses, surveys,
periodicals and enquiry services. Information is posted
as PDF electronic documents or in XLS and CSV formats,
compatible with most spreadsheet packages.
Complete copies of this publication are available to
download free of charge at:
www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/product.asp?vlnk=94

Contact point
ONS welcomes any feedback on the content of the
Annual Abstract, including comments on the format
of the data and the selection of topics. Comments and
requests for general information should be addressed
to:
Core Table Unit
Societal Wellbeing Division
Room 1.059
Ofce for National Statistics
Government Buildings
Cardiff Road
Newport
South Wales
NP10 8XG
or
Email: info@statistics.gov.uk
July 2010

!REA

#HAPTER

!REA

xi

!REA

!REA
4HE5+COMPRISES'REAT"RITAINAND.ORTHERN)RELAND'REAT
"RITAINCOMPRISES%NGLAND 7ALESAND3COTLAND

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NEARLYKMMILES AREACTUALLYUNDERTHE#HANNEL

Area

1.1

Area of the United Kingdom1,2, 2008


sq km

United Kingdom

243 122

Great Britain

228 972

England and Wales

151 014

sq km
Shropshire
Staffordshire
Warwickshire
West Midlands (Met County)
Worcestershire
East

England
North East
Darlington UA
Har tlepool UA
Middlesbrough UA
Redcar and Cleveland UA
Stockton-on-Tees UA
Durham
Nor thumberland
Tyne and Wear (Met County)
North West
Blackburn with Darwen UA
Blackpool UA
Halton UA
Warrington UA
Cheshire
Cumbria
Greater Manchester (Met County)
Lancashire
Merseyside (Met County)
Yorkshire and the Humber

130 280
8 573
197
94
54
245
204
2 226
5 013
540
14 107
137
35
79
181
2 083
6 767
1 276
2 903
647
15 408

East Riding of Yorkshire UA


Kingston upon Hull, City of UA
Nor th East Lincolnshire UA
Nor th Lincolnshire UA
York UA

2 408
72
192
846
272

Nor th Yorkshire
South Yorkshire (Met County)
West Yorkshire (Met County)

8 038
1 552
2 029

East Midlands
Derby UA
Leicester UA
Nottingham UA
Rutland UA
Derbyshire
Leicestershire
Lincolnshire
Nor thamptonshire
Nottinghamshire
West Midlands
Herefordshire, County of UA
Stoke-on-Trent UA
Telford and Wrekin UA

15 607
78
73
75
382
2 547
2 083
5 920
2 364
2 085
12 998
2 180
93
290

Luton UA
Peterborough UA
Southend-on-Sea UA
Thurrock UA
Bedfordshire
Cambridgeshire
Essex
Hertfordshire
Norfolk
Suffolk
London
Inner London
Outer London
South East
Bracknell Forest UA
Brighton and Hove UA
Isle of Wight UA
Medway UA
Milton Keynes UA
Por tsmouth UA
Reading UA
Slough UA
Southampton UA
West Berkshire UA
Windsor and Maidenhead UA
Wokingham UA
Buckinghamshire
East Sussex
Hampshire
Kent
Oxfordshire
Surrey
West Sussex
South West
Bath and North East Somerset UA
Bournemouth UA
Bristol, City of UA
North Somerset UA
Plymouth UA
Poole UA
South Gloucestershire UA
Swindon UA
Torbay UA
Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly
Devon
Dorset
Gloucestershire
Somerset
Wiltshire

3 197
2 620
1 975
902
1 741
19 109
43
343
42
163
1 192
3 046
3 465
1 643
5 371
3 800
1572
319
1 253
19 069
109
83
380
192
309
40
40
33
50
704
197
179
1 565
1 708
3 679
3 544
2 605
1 663
1 991
23 837
346
46
110
374
80
65
497
230
63
3 563
6 564
2 542
2 653
3 451
3 255

Area

1.1

Area of the United Kingdom1,2, 2008

continued

sq km
Wales

20 733

Blaenau Gwent
Bridgend
Caerphilly
Cardiff1
Carmarthenshire1
1

109
251
277
140
2 371

Ceredigion
Conwy
Denbighshire
Flintshire
Gwynedd

1 785
1 126
837
437
2 535

Isle of Anglesey
Mer thyr Tydl
Monmouthshire
Neath Por t Talbot
Newpor t1
Pembrokeshire1

711
111
849
441
190
1 619

Powys
Rhondda, Cynon, Taff
Swansea
Torfaen
The Vale of Glamorgan1
Wrexham

5 181
424
378
126
331
504

Scotland
Aberdeen City
Aberdeenshire
Angus
Argyll and Bute
Clackmannanshire
1 On boundaries as at 2001.

77 958
186
6 313
2 182
6 908
159

sq km
Dumfries and Galloway
Dundee City
East Ayrshire
East Dunbar tonshire
East Lothian

6 426
60
1 262
175
679

East Renfrewshire
Edinburgh, City of
Eilean Siar (Western Isles)
Falkirk
Fife

174
263
3 055
297
1 325

Glasgow City
Highland
Inverclyde
Midlothian
Moray

175
25 709
160
354
2 238

North Ayrshire
North Lanarkshire
Orkney Islands
Per th and Kinross
Renfrewshire
Scottish Borders

885
470
990
5 286
262
4 732

Shetland Islands
South Ayrshire
South Lanarkshire
Stirling
West Dunbartonshire
West Lothian

1 467
1 222
1 772
2 187
159
428

Northern Ireland

14 150

Source: Office for National Statistics

!REA

#HAPTER

0ARLIAMENTARY
ELECTIONS

xi

Elections

2.1

Parliamentary elections1
United Kingdom
Thousands and percentages

United Kingdom
Electorate
Average-electors per seat
Valid votes counted
As percentage of
electorate
England and Wales
Electorate
Average-electors per seat
Valid votes counted
As percentage of
electorate
Scotland
Electorate
Average-electors per seat
Valid votes counted
As percentage of
electorate
Northern Ireland
Electorate
Average-electors per seat
Valid votes counted
As percentage of
electorate
Members of Parliament
elected: (numbers)
Conservative
Labour
Liberal Democrat2
Scottish National Par ty
Plaid Cymru
Other3

15 Oct
1964

31 Mar
1966

18 June 28 Feb
19701 1974

10 Oct
1974

3 May
1979

9 June
1983

11 June
1987

9 April
1992

1 May
1997

7 June
2001

5 May
2005

DZ5P
DZ5T
DZ5X

35 894
57.0
27 657

35 957
57.1
27 265

39 615
62.9
28 345

40 256
63.4
31 340

DZ6V
DZ6R
DZ6N

40 256
63.4
29 189

41 573
65.5
31 221

42 704
66.7
30 671

43 666
67.2
32 530

43 719
67.2
33 614

43 846
66.5
31 286

44 403
67.4
26 367

44 246
68.5
27 149

DZ63

77.1

75.8

71.5

77.9

DZ6J

72.5

75.1

71.8

74.5

76.7

71.4

59.4

61.4

DZ5Q
DZ5U
DZ5Y

31 610
57.8
24 384

31 695
57.9
24 116

34 931
63.9
24 877

35 509
64.3
27 735

DZ6W
DZ6S
DZ6O

35 509
64.3
25 729

36 695
66.5
27 609

37 708
67.2
27 082

38 568
68.8
28 832

38 648
68.8
29 897

38 719
68.0
27 679

39 228
68.9
23 243

39 266
69.0
24 097

DZ64

77.1

76.1

71.2

78.1

DZ6K

72.5

75.2

71.8

74.8

77.5

71.5

59.3

61.4

DZ5R
DZ5V
DZ5Z

3 393
47.8
2 635

3 360
47.3
2 553

3 659
51.5
2 688

3 705
52.2
2 887

DZ6X
DZ6T
DZ6P

3 705
52.2
2 758

3 837
54.0
2 917

3 934
54.6
2 825

3 995
55.5
2 968

3 929
54.6
2 931

3 949
54.8
2 817

3 984
55.3
2 313

3 840
65.1
2 334

DZ65

77.6

76.0

73.5

77.9

DZ6L

74.5

76.0

71.8

74.3

74.2

71.3

58.1

60.8

DZ5S
DZ5W
DZ62

891
74.2
638

902
75.2
596

1 025
85.4
779

1 027
85.6
718

DZ6Y
DZ6U
DZ6Q

1 037
86.4
702

1 028
85.6
696

1 050
61.8
765

1 090
64.1
730

1 141
67.1
785

1 178
65.4
791

1 191
66.2
810

1 140
63.3
718

DZ66

71.7

66.1

76.0

69.9

DZ6M

67.7

67.7

72.9

67.0

68.8

67.1

68.0

62.9

DZV7
DZ67
DZ68
DZ69
DZ6A
DZ6B
DZ6C

630
303
317
9

630
253
363
12

630
330
287
6
1

635
296
301
14
7
2
15

DZV8
DZ6D
DZ6E
DZ6F
DZ6G
DZ6H
DZ6I

635
276
319
13
11
3
13

635
339
268
11
2
2
13

650
396
209
23
2
2
18

650
375
229
22
3
3
18

651
336
271
20
3
4
17

659
165
418
46
6
4
20

659
166
412
52
5
4
20

646
198
355
62
6
3
22

1 The Representation of the People Act 1969 lowered the minimum voting
age from 21 to 18 years with effect from 16 February 1970.
2 Liberal before 1992. The gures for 1983 and 1987 include six and ve
MPs respectively who were elected for the Social Democratic Par ty.
3 Including the Speaker.

2.2

Parliamentary by-elections
United Kingdom
May 1997 June 2001

Numbers of by-elections
Votes recorded
By party (percentages)
Conservative
Labour
Liberal Democrat
Scottish National Par ty
Plaid Cymru
Other
Total votes recorded (percentages)
(thousands)

General1,2
Election
May 1997

17

June 2001 November 2004

General1
Election
June 2001

May 2005 November 2009

General1,2
Election
May 2005

14

27.0
29.7
22.1
6.0
2.5
12.7

25.1
40.1
14.4
4.1
2.3
14.1

17.7
40.8
31.3
2.7
7.4

21.2
58.3
13.7
2.1
4.7

27.7
29.3
20.0
9.5
0.4
13.0

25.7
35.7
20.6
6.2
0.1
11.7

100.0
435

100.0
723

100.0
140

100.0
205

100.0
436

100.0
586

1 Votes recorded in the same seats in the previous General Election.


2 Propor tions of other votes inated by the fact that votes were cast for the
retiring Speaker as The Speaker seeking re-election and not as a party
candidate.

Sources: British Electoral Facts 1832-2006.;


University of Plymouth for the Electoral Commission: 01752 233207

Source: University of Plymouth for the Electoral Commission: 01752 233207

Elections

2.3

Devolved assembly elections


Wales and Scotland
Thousands and percentages
6 May
1999

1 May
2003

3 May
2007

Welsh Assembly
Electorate
Average-electors per seat1
Valid votes counted
As percentage of electorate

E28K
E28N
E28Q
E28T

2 205
55.1
1 023
46.4

2 230
55.7
850
38.1

2 248
56.2
978
43.5

Members elected:2 (numbers)


Conservative
Labour
Liberal Democrat
Plaid Cymru
Other

E2XI
E2WG
E2WU
E2WW
E2X3
E2WY

60
9
28
6
17

60
11
30
6
12
1

60
12
26
6
15
1

Scottish Parliament
Electorate
Average-electors per seat1
Valid votes counted
As percentage of electorate

E28L
E28O
E28R
E28U

4 024
55.1
2 342
58.2

3 879
53.1
1 916
49.4

3 899
53.4
2 017
51.7

Members elected:3 (numbers)


Conservative
Labour
Liberal Democrat
Scottish National Par ty
Other

E2XJ
E2WH
E2WV
E2WX
E2X4
E2WZ

129
18
56
17
35
3

129
18
50
17
27
17

129
17
46
16
47
3

1 This is the average in each rst-past-the-post constituency. Additional members are then elected on the basis of a regional list vote.
2 Comprising 40 from constituencies and 20 from the regional list.
3 Comprising 73 from constituencies and 56 from the regional list.

2.4

Sources: British Electoral Facts 1832-2006;


University of Plymouth for the Electoral Commission: 01752 233207

Devolved assembly elections


Nor thern Ireland
Thousands and percentages
25 June
1998

26 Nov
2003

8 Mar
2007

Electorate
Average-electors per seat1
Valid votes counted
As percentage of electorate

E28M
E28P
E28S
E28V

1 179
65.5
810
68.7

1 098
61.0
702
64.0

1 108
61.6
690
63.0

Members elected: (numbers)


Alliance Par ty
SDLP
Sinn Fein
Democratic Unionist Par ty
UK Unionist Par ty
Ulster Unionist Par ty
Other

E2XK
E2X5
E2X6
E2X7
E2X8
E2X9
E2XA
E2X2

108
6
24
18
20
5
28
7

108
6
18
24
30
1
27
2

108
7
16
28
36

18
3

1 This is the average in each Westminster constituency. Six members are


elected by single transferable vote (STV) in each constituency.

Sources: British Electoral Facts 1832-2006;


University of Plymouth for the Electoral Commission: 01752 233207

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11

International development

3.1

Gross public expenditure on aid (GPEX)1


United Kingdom
Thousand

Bilateral Assistance
Depar tment for International Development
Pover ty Reduction Budget Support (General)
Pover ty Reduction Budget Support (Sector)
Other Financial Aid
Technical Co-operation Projects
Other Bilateral Aid
Humanitarian Assistance
DFID Debt Relief
CDC Investments
Debt Relief
Other

LUJS
I4UJ
LUJW
LUOS
LUOT
LUOU
LUOV
LUOX
EQ4B
LUOY

Total

LUOZ

Multilateral Assistance
European Community2
World Bank Group
IMF Pover ty Reduction and Growth Facility
Global Environmental Assistance
HIPC Trust Funds
UN Agencies
Regional Development Banks
Other3

LUPA
LUPB
LUPC
EQ4C
EQ4D
LUPD
LUPE
LUPF

Total

LUPG

Administrative costs

LUPH

Total Gross Public Expenditure on Aid

LUPI

2000
/01

2001
/02

2002
/03

2003
/04

239 900
24 098
206 113
455 401
370 184
222 431
20 367
201 427
79 850
66 978

245 500
22 718
264 905
473 519
367 736
192 446
17 682
159 352
242 097
67 795

184 500
23 685
319 145
508 574
450 749
294 981
20 364
237 324
399 844
79 459

288 750
20 724
389 853
459 754
480 252
311 602
59 534
350 356
163 059
111 197

2005
/06

2006
/07

286 500 347 320 297 553


60 492 128 232 166 064
411 018 469 631 454 631
462 633 481 053 522 722
573 382 712 489 810 993
333 318 447 978 383 513
71 485
68 120 147 106
238 279 172 808 278 787
627 402 1 588 414 1 866 591
143 564 153 536 196 122

2007
/08

2008
/09

366 453
92 748
268 631 255 920
460 554 520 133
474 287 514 235
889 723 1 136 074
430 773 449 163
71 386
19 425
360 821 436 028
3 760 280 337
191 002 329 857

1 918 441 2 081 504 2 540 613 2 635 081 3 208 072 4 569 524 5 124 083 3 517 389 4 333 920

723 651
342 410

21 144
27 518
122 423
54 784
134 086

744 141
173 722
11 147
25 337
23 400
163 645
75 383
111 076

897 826 1 082 389 1 222 018 1 191 961 1 123 215 1 200 319 1 407 901
300 021 150 000 150 000 364 909 493 333 493 387 573 652
11 434
9 417
1 767
23 728
15
..
..
27 338
61 213
52 445
53 460
50 260
..
..
17 855
22 910
42 123
11 094
18 666
..
..
176 487 196 406 211 638 252 745 245 019 296 940 308 154
90 648
80 391
82 166
77 759 123 591
..
..
151 473 155 861 164 750 105 891 360 443 256 348 310 659

1 322 571 1 192 584 1 525 807 1 584 656 1 748 406 1 915 506 2 222 010 2 246 995 2 600 365
138 507

132 214

154 127

248 698

227 769

256 451

245 893

262 731

249 000

3 379 519 3 406 301 4 220 547 4 468 435 5 184 247 6 741 481 7 591 986 6 027 115 7 183 285

1 See chapter text.


2 The institution, not the member states of the European Union.
3 IMF Pover ty Reduction and Growth Facility, Global Environmental Assistance, HIPC Trust Funds and Regional Development Banks are now included in Multilateral Assistance Other.

3.2

2004
/05

Source: Department for International Development: 01355 843764.

Total bilateral gross public expenditure on aid (GPEX): by main recipient


countries and regions1
United Kingdom

Thousand
1999
/00

2000
/01

2001
/02

2002
/03

2003
/04

2004
/05

2005
/06

2006
/07

2007
/08

Main recipients
Nigeria
India
Afghanistan
Pakistan
Cameroon
Tanzania
Sudan
Bangladesh
Serbia
Ethiopia
Malawi
Ghana
Congo, Dem Rep
Uganda
Iraq
Kenya
Zambia
Indonesia
China
Mozambique

C227
LUPJ
C224
LUPY
I53M
LUPK
EU5S
LUPM
I53N
C225
LUPP
LUPL
C223
LUPN
C222
EU5W
LUPO
LUPZ
LUPS
LUPV

14 395
104 016
5 452
23 472
7 005
74 709
3 189
69 670
6 393
7 299
49 058
51 887
2 132
89 978
6 585
32 665
46 657
58 812
26 246
70 643

15 940
126 700
7 465
15 890
5 467
110 590
4 912
75 005
15 670
16 484
54 648
74 700
6 752
98 352
9 545
62 620
93 345
28 405
56 740
43 876

20 561
198 576
50 027
44 838
3 652
203 830
5 598
60 375
11 531
12 088
46 651
54 479
10 262
68 091
7 760
34 227
59 203
18 232
50 266
134 133

29 287
182 708
76 018
46 852
28 971
102 614
19 222
73 246
305 036
44 224
49 266
86 294
15 574
54 041
18 853
63 404
45 140
42 613
44 386
39 101

32 630
242 736
99 595
66 299
7 764
162 372
24 663
155 364
4 795
43 665
54 437
73 448
151 657
59 694
214 313
28 647
32 304
17 449
42 406
36 713

73 113
267 510
98 959
55 277
16 547
130 009
83 964
149 152
4 001
73 044
56 429
145 835
36 585
62 928
391 507
37 824
163 537
34 526
42 476
47 941

1 227 717
270 065
126 949
97 688
3 170
114 134
117 114
128 258
48 971
62 562
68 653
96 315
58 832
72 064
426 249
65 486
101 707
58 553
36 854
56 540

1 750 694
293 706
123 011
118 150
115 408
115 023
109 917
109 313
95 713
90 506
88 686
93 147
79 283
79 035
71 829
67 054
63 412
62 290
60 086
56 273

157 722
312 751
146 818
88 145
2 013
125 353
138 702
129 725
3 491
140 011
72 619
93 076
82 910
77 231
40 649
52 135
41 942
32 715
83 743
67 799

Total

LUQD

750 261

923 108

1 094 379

1 366 848

1 550 951

1 971 164

3 237 881

3 642 536

1 889 550

Total other countries

LUQE

899 776

837 292

886 021

1 095 698

1 084 130

1 236 908

1 331 643

1 481 547

1 627 839

Regional totals
Africa
America
Asia
Europe
Pacic
World unallocated2

LUQF
LUQG
LUQH
LUQI
LUQJ
LUQK

628 719
237 961
375 839
191 697
7 248
208 574

774 692
180 165
413 294
113 859
5 029
273 363

865 317
166 949
534 954
97 609
6 885
308 686

891 954
221 526
609 138
384 240
5 362
350 327

1 058 005
103 358
969 466
74 871
4 484
451 897

1 282 423
126 278
1 243 004
62 295
3 272
490 800

2 425 880
85 389
1 356 415
90 086
3 823
607 931

3 071 676
119 491
1 091 488
135 699
2 670
703 059

1 552 123
68 545
1 116 528
39 496
2 842
737 855

Total Bilateral GPEX

LUQL

1 650 037

1 760 400

1 980 400

2 462 546

2 635 081

3 208 072

4 569 524

5 124 083

3 517 389

1 See chapter text.


2 Includes grants to VSO, CSOs, Research Institutions and Commonwealth
Organisations based in the UK.

12

Source: Department for International Development: 01355 843764.

Defence

Chapter 4

Defence



Defence

Defence
This section includes gures on defence expenditure, on the
size and role of the Armed Forces and on related support
activities.
Much of the material in this section can be found in UK
Defence Statistics 2009

Defence expenditure
(Table 4.1)
UK Defence Expenditure the move from cash to
resource accounting
Up until nancial year 1998/99, government expenditure was
accounted for on a cash basis. In April 1999 the introduction
of Resource Accounting and Budgeting (RAB) brought in an
accruals-based accounting system, although government
departments were still controlled on a cash basis. This
transitional accounting regime remained for two nancial
years. Government expenditure has been accounted for on a
resource basis only since 2001/02.
The main difference arising from the adoption of RAB
is that costs are accounted for as they are incurred (the
principle of accruals), rather than when payment is made
(the principle of cash). This gives rise to timing differences in
accounting between the cash and RAB systems and also to
the recognition of depreciation, which expends the cost of
an asset over its useful economic life, and the cost of capital
charge, equivalent to an interest charge on the net assets held
on the balance sheet. At the time that RAB was introduced
the cost of capital charge was 6 per cent of the net value of
assets; although this was reduced to 3.5 per cent in 2003/04.
The change from cash based accounting to resource (accruals)
based accounting, and the two-stage introduction of RAB
(outlined below) has affected the time series comparability of
the data.
Please refer to UK Defence Statistics 2009 Chapter 1
Resource Accounting & Budgeting section for a summary
of the key events leading to the introduction of RAB. Back
copies of this publication are available at www.dasa.mod.uk/
applications/newWeb/www/index.php?page=67&pubType=1&
thiscontent=10&date=2009-09-30

Control regime
Under resource accounting, government departments are
accountable for their spending against Resource and Capital



Departmental Expenditure Limits (DELs). Spending against the


Resource DEL includes current items, which are explained in
the following two paragraphs. The Capital DEL, while part of
the overall DEL, reects investment spending that will appear
on the departments balance sheet and be consumed over
a number of years, net of the receipts from sale of assets.
Departments are also responsible for Annually Managed
Expenditure (AME). This spending is demand led (for example,
payment of War Pensions) and therefore cannot be controlled
by departments in the same way.
In Stage 1 of RAB, which was introduced at the start of nancial
year 2001/02, the Resource DEL covered current costs such as
in-year personnel costs, equipment, maintenance of land and
buildings. Non-cash costs such as depreciation and the cost
of capital charge fell within Annually Managed Expenditure
(AME) and were not controlled to the same degree as DELs. This
allowed departments an interim period to gain experience of
managing the new non-cash costs and to review their holdings
of stocks and xed assets, which impact the non-cash costs, prior
to the charge impacting on the more tightly controlled DELs.
Stage 2 of RAB was introduced at the start of the nancial
year 2003/04. This involved the movement of the primary
non-cash costs (depreciation and the cost of capital charge)
from AME into the Resource DEL, and reduced the cost of
capital charge to 3.5 per cent of the net value of assets.
The change in denition of the DELs combined with volatile
non-cash costs over the Stage 1 period make time series
comparisons over the period 2001/022003/04 complex.
From 2006/07, the Ministry of Defence (MOD) has transferred
ownership of xed assets into two TLBs: Defence Estates
(DE) for Land and Buildings: and Defence Equipment &
Support (DE&S) for Plant and Machinery, Transport, IT
and Communications equipment, and Single Use Military
Equipment (SUME).

Factors affecting Cash to RAB data consistency

There are timing differences as to when payments are


recognised

The movement of Non-Cash items of expenditure from


AME into the Resource DEL from 2003/04 onwards has
the apparent effect of inating the Resource DEL

In nancial year 2003/04 the rate of interest used to


calculate the cost of capital charge was reduced from
6 per cent to 3.5 per cent

The discount rate for provisions was changed from


3.5 per cent real to 2.2 per cent real with effect from
1 April 2005.

Defence

Table 4.1 provides a breakdown of MOD outturn in terms of


resources consumed. This is distributed between the main
personnel, xed assets and other expenditure groups. The
table also includes expenditure relating to conict prevention
and operations.
Resource DEL includes expenditure under the following
headings:

Equipment support internal and contracted out costs


for equipment repair and maintenance

Stock consumption consumption of armament,


medical, dental, veterinary, oil, clothing, and general
stores

Property management estate and facilities


management services and costs for building
maintenance

Movements cost of transportation of freight and


personnel

Accommodation and utilities charges include rent,


rates, gas, electricity, water and sewerage costs

Professional fees fees, such as legal costs paid to


professional organisations

Fuel relates to fuel consumption by military vehicles,


ships and aircraft

Other Costs can include grants-in-aid, exchange


rate movements, provisions, receipts, welfare, medical
and legal costs, research and expensed development,
rentals paid under operating leases, xed assets and
stock written off

Expenditure on xed asset categories in Capital DEL includes:

buildings under construction. Once construction


is complete, those platforms will transfer to the
relevant Top Level Budget holder as Single Use Military
Equipment on their balance sheets

The discount rate for pensions liabilities was changed


from 2.8 per cent real to 1.8 per cent real with effect
from 1 April 2007

Intangible assets comprise the development costs


of major equipment projects and Intellectual Property
Rights
Single Use Military Equipment (SUME) are assets
which only have a military use, such as tanks and
ghter aircrafts. Dual use items, that is those that
also have a civilian use, are recorded under the other
categories
Assets under Construction largely consist of major
weapons platforms under construction in the Defence
Equipment & Support, and a smaller element of

Transport/Capital spares from 2004/05 transport


has been recorded as a separate category and Capital
Spares has been removed as a category, with the
costs previously recorded here being incorporated into
Transport or SUME

Capital Income receipts for the sale of xed assets.


Redemption of QinetiQ preference shares refers to the
proceeds received from the partial redemption of the
redeemable preference shares during 2004/05.

Annual Managed Expenditure includes:

Other under Stage 2 of RAB, this category now


contains only demand led payments, such as cash
release and cost of capital credit on nuclear provisions
and QinetiQ loan repayments

In order to give a single measure of spending on public


services under full resource budgeting, the Defence Spending
line is presented as the sum of the resource and capital
budgets, net of depreciation and impairments. This reects the
resources required plus the net investment in them, but avoids
double counting the writing down of the existing capital
stock and the cash outlay on new assets. Control is exercised
separately on gross Capital and Resource DEL.

Service personnel
(Tables 4.2, 4.4, 4.5, 4.8 and 4.10)
The Regular Forces consist entirely of volunteer members
serving on a whole-time basis, gures for which include both
trained and untrained personnel and exclude Gurkhas, Full
Time Reserve Service (FTRS) personnel, the Home Service
battalions of the Royal Irish Regiment, mobilised reservists and
Naval Activated Reservists.
Locally entered personnel are recruited outside the United
Kingdom for whole-time service in special formations with
special conditions of service and normally restricted locations.
The Brigade of Gurkhas is an example.
The Regular Forces are supported by Reserves and Auxiliary
Forces. There are both regular and volunteer Reserves. Regular
reserves consist of former service personnel with a reserve
liability. Volunteer Reserves are open to both former personnel
and civilians. The call-out liabilities of the various reserve forces
differ in accordance with their roles.



Defence

All three services run cadet forces for young people and the
Combined Cadet Force, which is found in certain schools
where education is continued to the age of 17 and over, may
operate sections for any or all of the services.
Full Time Reserve Service personnel represent reserves serving
full-time in regular posts. This was made possible by the
Reserve Forces Act 1996. None existed before 1998. FTRS
gures include Full Commitment (FC), Home Commitment
(HC) and Limited Commitment (LC) individuals.
Home Service battalions of the Royal Irish Regiment. Up until
1 July 1992, this was the Ulster Defence Regiment. The gures
for the Territorial Army include Ofcer Training Corps and nonregular permanent staff.
The gures for cadet forces for each service include the
Combined Cadet Force. Naval Service gures include ofcers
and civilian instructors. The Army and Royal Air Force gures
exclude ofcers and civilian instructors.

Intake of UK regular forces from civilian life: by


service
(Table 4.2)
This table shows all intakes to UK Regular Forces including
re-enlistments and rejoined reservists.

Formation of the armed forces


(Table 4.3)
This table shows the number of units which comprise the teeth
elements of the Armed Forces and excludes supporting units.

will be used for skills planning, ensuring that the MOD has a
well-equipped workforce able to provide the best support to
the UK Armed Forces.
In summary, the change over previous years is the addition of
two further categories of individuals:
Casual personnel those employed on a short-term casual
contract
Those not directly funded personnel who are employed
by the MOD, but whose salaries are paid for by another
department/agency etc. This includes personnel on loan
to other government departments or working for NATO,
as well as those on a career break or long-term sickness
absence.
These additions allow two levels of denition to be
established:
Denition Level 1 includes permanent and casual
personnel, Royal Fleet Auxiliaries, but excludes Trading
Funds. This is generally used for internal reporting and
planning.
Denition Level 0 contains all those at Level 1 plus
Trading Funds and Locally Engaged Civilians. This is
used for external reporting, including National Statistics
publications CPS1 and UKDS, and Parliamentary business.
For more information on the revised civilian workforce
denition, visit: www.dasa.mod.uk/natstats/consultation/
consultation.html
From 1 April 2000 a new top-level budget was formed in the
Centre called Defence Logistics Organisation, replacing the
top-level budgets CinC Fleet Support, Quarter Master General
and RAF Logistics Command.

Outow of UK regular forces: by service


(Table 4.4)
This table does not include promotions to ofcer from other
ranks and miscellaneous outow.

Civilian personnel
(Table 4.6)
In previous years, the MOD civilian workforce denition has
reected the historical requirement to understand the number
of civil servants being directly funded. However with changes
in employment legislation and the requirement to plan the
future of the civilian workforce there was a need to change
the denition to a more inclusive one, better reecting modern
human resources methods and policies. In the longer term it



On 1 April 2007, Chief of Defence Logistics and Defence


Procurement Agency merged to form Defence Equipment &
Support.
The QinetiQ portion of the Defence Evaluation and Research
Agency was established as a private company in July 2001.
The War Pensions Agency transferred from the Department
of Work and Pensions in 2001. The Clyde Dockyards were
contractorised in 2002.
Data on manually paid personnel before 1999 is not available,
so estimates are used.
Totals and subtotals have been rounded separately and so may
not appear to be the sums of their parts.

Defence

Family accommodation and defence land holdings


(Table 4.7)
In November 1996 most of the MODs housing stock
in England and Wales was sold to a private company,
Annington Homes. The homes retained for use by service
families are leased back with the condition that the MOD
releases a certain number of houses each year for disposal by
Annington. The proceeds of these sales are used to upgrade
the housing stock.
The table also presents statistics of land and foreshore in the
United Kingdom owned or leased by the MOD or over which
it has limited rights under grants or licences. Land declared as
surplus to defence requirements is also included.

Deployment of Service personnel


(Table 4.8)
Location data are based on the stationed location of the
individual. Personnel deployed on operations to an area away
from their stationed location are shown against their most
recent stationed location. Naval Service personnel on sea service
are included against the local authority containing the home
port of their ship.
Prior to 2003, gures for UK distribution and global location are
collated from separate sources and comparison is therefore not
possible between the two sets of UK personnel gures. From
2001 the grouping of overseas locations has been changed to
give a more relevant overview.

UK regular forces deaths


(Table 4.9)
Rates have been standardised to 2009 Armed Forces
population age and gender structure. The data are presented
for the Naval Service (Royal Navy and Royal Marines), the
Army (including the Gurkhas), the Royal Air Force, and on
a Tri-Service basis. Non-regular members of the UK Armed
Forces who died whilst deployed on operations are included in
the data presented.

Health

hospitals in the United Kingdom take civilian patients under


arrangements agreed with the National Health Service.
Medical support is also supplied by service medical staff at
individual units, ships and stations.

Defence services and the civilian community


(Table 4.11)
Search & Rescue (SAR)
This table covers incidents attended by military Search and
Rescue units. The Royal Air Force and Royal Navy provide
an essential service to the Search and Rescue (SAR) effort
around the UK forming part of the national UK SAR coverage
throughout the year for air, land and maritime operations. The
military SAR teams' primary purpose is to recover aircrew from
crashed military aircraft, although each year over 90 per cent
of callouts are to civilian incidents. The SAR force currently
consists of 6 x RAF and 2 x RN SAR Sea King helicopter units
and 4 RAF mountain rescue teams operating from bases
around the UK, plus specially equipped RAF Nimrod aircraft
based in RAF Kinloss in Scotland.
The table also includes urgent medical incidents in which
the military SAR facilities gave assistance (eg inter-hospital
transfers).
More than one SAR unit may be called to the same incident;
consequently the number of callouts is likely to be greater
than the number of incidents.
Persons moved involves moving people from a hostile
environment to a safe environment or to a medical facility
to receive urgent medical attention. People helped by RAF
mountain rescue teams, but subsequently transported from
the scene by helicopter, are recorded as having been rescued
by the helicopter unit concerned.

Fisheries Protection
The Royal Navy Fishery Protection squadron operates within
the British shery limits under contract to the Department for
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Boardings carried out by
vessels of the Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs
Department and the Department of Agriculture for Northern
Ireland are not included.

(Table 4.10)
The Services operate a number of hospitals in this country
and in areas abroad where there is a signicant British
military presence. These hospitals take as patients, members
of all three services and their dependants. In addition, the

Defence

4.1

United Kingdom defence expenditure1


Inclusive of non-recoverable VAT at current prices ( million)
2

2003
/04

2004
/05

2005
/06

2006
/07

20072
/08

2008
/09

Defence Spending

C228

30 861

32 515

33 164

34 045

37 387

38 579

Departmental Expenditure Limits (DEL)

SNKJ

37 174

38 323

39 751

40 654

43 634

45 473

Resource DEL
Expenditure on personnel
of which: Armed forces
of which: Civilians
Depreciation/impairments
Cost of capital
Equipment support
Stock consumption
Proper ty management
Movements
Accommodation and utilities
Professional fees
Fuel
Hospitality & Entertainment
PFI Service Charges
IT & Communications
Other costs

E2XV
SNKK
SNKL
SNKM
SNKN
SNKO
SNKP
SNKQ
SNKR
SNKS
SNKT
SNKU
SNKV
I4SS
I4ST
I4SU
SNKW

31 266
10 435
7 974
2 461
6 313
2 770
3 804
1 060
1 393
491
643
549
161
8
..
738
2 900

31 798
10 996
8 047
2 948
5 808
3 026
3 623
1 079
1 509
711
581
565
239
6
..
678
2 977

32 911
11 255
8 263
2 992
6 587
3 106
3 542
1 039
1 367
729
735
553
369
5
870
643
2 111

33 457
11 204
8 423
2 781
6 609
3 242
3 793
1 140
1 258
774
786
482
416
4
1 148
719
1 882

35 689
11 474
8 646
2 828
6 247
3 371
4 272
1 071
1 523
858
750
471
537
4
1 276
655
3 180

36 715
11 723
8 937
2 786
6 894
3 626
4 292
1 181
1 508
975
866
391
695
4
1 482
852
2 226

Capital DEL
Expenditure on xed asset categories
Intangible assets
Land and buildings
Single Use Military Equipment
Plant, machinery and vehicles
IT and communications equipment
Assets under construction
Transpor t
Capital spares
Capital loan repayment
Other Costs

E2XW

5 908

6 525

6 840

7 197

7 945

8 758

SNKX
SNKY
SNKZ
SNLA
SNLB
SNLC
E2XX
SNLD
E2XY
E2Y3

1 665
54
90
78
183
3 931
..
581
28
646

1 580
388
435
124
134
4 335
73
..
25
519

1 550
31
402
64
180
4 879
13
..
53
225

1 744
45
404
32
206
5 099
33
..
8
358

1 756
126
657
36
361
5 450
55
..
10
486

1 311
163
552
30
336
6 515
239
..
65
323

Annually Managed Expenditure (AME)


War pensions
Other

SNLF
SNLG
SNLH

1 011
1 116
105

908
1 110
202

890
1 067
177

582
1 038
456

510
1 014
504

214
1 000
785

1 See chapter text. Where rounding has been used, totals and sub-totals
have been rounded separately and so may not equal the sums of their
rounded parts.

Sources: Ministry of Defence/DASA (Defence Expenditure Analysis);


030 6793 4529/30

2 Some gures for 2004/05 and 2007/08 have been revised.

4.2

Intake of United Kingdom Regular Forces from civilian life: by Service1


Numbers
1998
/99

1999
/00

2000
/01

2001
/02

2002
/03

2003
/04

2004
/05

2005
/06

20062
/07

20072
/08

20082
/09

All Services:
Male
Female
Total

KCJB
KCJC
KCJA

22 560
3 440
26 000

22 390
3 160
25 550

20 410
2 610
23 020

20 950
2 700
23 650

23 040
3 240
26 280

20 760
2 710
23 470

15 660
1 900
17 560

16 410
1 740
18 150

17 830
1 960
19 790

19 230
2 090
21 330

20 690
2 080
22 770

Naval Service:
Male
Female
Total

KCJE
KCJF
KCJD

4 110
660
4 770

4 250
700
4 950

3 990
630
4 620

4 270
740
5 010

4 420
800
5 220

3 530
580
4 120

3 240
460
3 690

3 480
460
3 940

3 300
460
3 770

3 400
470
3 860

3 590
410
4 000

Army:
Male
Female
Total

KCJJ
KCJK
KCJI

15 010
1 980
16 990

14 750
1 750
16 500

13 450
1 320
14 770

13 620
1 240
14 850

15 060
1 550
16 610

13 930
1 260
15 190

10 780
910
11 690

11 740
990
12 730

13 160
1 140
14 300

13 390
1 150
14 540

13 500
1 020
14 510

Royal Air Force:


Male
Female
Total

KCJM
KCJN
KCJL

3 450
800
4 250

3 380
710
4 100

2 980
660
3 630

3 070
720
3 780

3 550
890
4 450

3 290
870
4 160

1 640
530
2 180

1 190
290
1 480

1 370
360
1 720

2 450
480
2 930

3 600
660
4 260

1 See chapter text.


2 Due to ongoing validation of data from the new Personnel Administration
System, Naval Service statistics from 1 October 2006, Army statistics from
1 April 2007 and RAF statistics from 1 May 2007 are provisional and subject to review.

18

Source: Ministry of Defence/DASA (Quad-Service): 0207 8078896

Defence

4.3

Formation of the United Kingdom armed forces1


As at 1 April
Numbers
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

15
6
35
20
24
3
12

16
6
32
21
23
1
9

16
6
32
23
23
1
9

16
4
32
22
23
1
8

16
4
31
22
22
1
8

15
5
31
19
26
1
5

15
6
28
16
26
1
6

143
56
257
16
229
1
6

134
5
25
16
22
1
7

13
5
25
16
2210
1
7

125
5
248
16
22
1
7

Royal Navy2
Submarines
Carriers and assault ships
Destroyers and frigates
Mine counter-measure
Patrol ships and craft
Fixed wing aircraft11
Helicopters12

KCGA
KCGB
KCGC
KCGE
KCGF
KCGG
KCGH

Front Line Units


__________
Vessels
"
"
"
"
Squadrons
"

Royal Marines

KCGI

Commandos

Regular Army
Royal Armoured Corps13
Royal Artillery
Royal Engineers14
Infantry
Special Air Service
Army Air Corps12

KCGJ
KCGK
KCGL
KCGM
KCGN
KCGO

Regiments
"
"
Battalions
Regiments
"

11
15
10
40
1
5

10
15
11
40
..
..

10
15
11
40
..
..

10
15
11
40
..
..

10
15
11
40
..
..

10
14
11
40
..
..

10
14
11
40
..
..

10
14
11
36
..
..

10
14
11
36
..
..

10
14
11
36
..
..

10
14
11
36
..
..

Squadrons
"
"
"
"
"

5
5
5
5
3
2

5
2
5
5
3
2

5
2
5
5
3
2

5
2
5
5
3
2

5
2
5
4
3
2

5
2
5
4
3
2

5)
1)
5)
4)
3
2

1315

13

1116

11

..
2
3

..
2
3

..
2
418

..
2
4

KCGV
KCGX
GHN7
GHN8
GJ2F
I63Y
GJ2G
GJ2H

"
"
HQs
Squadrons
"
"
HQs
Squadrons

14
2
..
..
..
..

8
2
..
..
..
..

9
2
4
4
6
..

9
2
4
4
6
..

9
2
4
4
6
..

9
2
4
4
6
..

9
2
4
4
6
..

8
2
6
3
6
..
1
2

8
2
6
2
6
1
1
1

8
2
7

7
1
1
1

8
2
7

7
1
1
1

Joint Helicopter Command


Royal Navy Helicopter
Army Aviation
Royal Air Force Helicopter

JUAT
JUAU
JUAV

"
Regiments
Squadrons

..
..
..

4
5
6

4
5
6

4
5
6

4
5
6

4
5
6

4
5
6

4
5
6

4
5
5

4
5
621

4
5
6

Joint Force Harrier


Royal Navy
Royal Air Force

JUAW
JUAX

..
..

3
3

3
3

3
3

3
3

2
3

1
3

1
2

222
2

2
2

2
2

Royal Air Force


Strike/attack
Offensive suppor t11
Reconnaissance
Air defence
Maritime patrol
Airborne early warning & ISTAR17
Air transpor t and tankers
and helicopters12
Search and rescue
RAF FP Wg
RAF Ground based air defence19,20
RAF Regiment Field20
RAF Regt (Jt CBRN)
Tactical Provost Wg
Tactical Provost

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

10
11
12
13
14

KCGP
KCGQ
KCGT
KCGR
KCGS
KCGU

ZIZM

"
"

See chapter text.


Only active vessels are shown.
HMS Spartan was withdrawn from service during the year.
HMS Sovereign was withdrawn from the service during the year.
HMS Superb was withdrawn from the service during the year.
HMS Invincible went into Extended Readiness in late 2005.
HMS Cardiff, HMS Marlborough and HMS Grafton were withdrawn from
service during the year.
HMS Southampton was withdrawn from the service during the year.
HMS Leeds Castle and the NI Squadron, consisting of HMS Brecon, HMS
Cottesmore and HMS Dulver ton, were withdrawn from service during the
year.
This gure has been revised due to a compiling error last year.
From 2000 excludes aircraft transferred to the Joint Force Harrier squadron.
From 2000 excludes helicopters transferred to the Joint Helicopter command.
From 2000 includes one Armoured Regiment which is committed to the
new Joint Nuclear Biological and Chemical Regiment.
Figure for 2000 includes an additional Close Support Regiment formed as a
result of the Stategic Defence Review.

15 From 2006, 4 Air Defence squadrons amalgamated with Strike/Attack, Offensive suppor t and Reconnaissance to form multi-roled squadrons. One
squadron moved from reconnaissance to ISTAR, and one squadron was disbanded.
16 6 Sqn (Jag) was disbanded 30 April 2007, 25 Sqn was disbanded 1 April 2008.
43 Squadron also cover the role of the OCU since the disbandment of 56 Sqn,
however this is not their only role.
17 Figure for 2001 includes an embedded Operational Conversion Unit at the
Sentry Operation Establishments.
18 39 Sqn was re-formed on 23 January 2008
19 Delivery of Ground Based Air Defence is now vested with the Army. The remaining 2 Squadrons were reroled on 1 April 2008 to increase the numbers of
FP Wgs and eld Regts.
20 In UKDS editions 2003 and 2004, Ground Based Air Defence and Field
Squadrons for years 2001 to 2004 were also included under Regular Air Force.
21 Reects the standing up of 78 Sqn RAF to accommodate the endorsed increase in Merlin Mk3 crews and aircraft.
22 The Fleet Air Arm Strike wing, the equivalent to an RAF Squadron, comprises
800 and 801 Naval Air Squadrons.
Source: MOD/DASA: 020 7218 0390

19

Defence

4.4

Outflow of United Kingdom Regular Forces: by Service1


Numbers
2

1998
/99

1999
/00

2000
/01

2001
/02

2002
/03

2003
/04

2004
/05

2005
/06

2006
/07

2007
/08

20082
/09

All Services:
Male
Female
Total

KDNA
KDNB
KDNC

24 500
2 970
27 470

23 870
2 750
26 620

22 520
2 430
24 950

22 360
2 350
24 710

21 770
2 340
24 100

21 200
2 200
23 400

21 330
2 100
23 430

21 290
1 980
23 260

23 000
2 160
25 160

22 510
2 170
24 690

19 940
1 940
21 880

Naval Service:
Male
Female
Total

KDND
KDNE
KDNF

4 920
610
5 530

5 160
630
5 800

4 480
550
5 040

5 110
690
5 800

4 680
620
5 300

4 230
540
4 770

4 150
490
4 630

4 000
480
4 490

3 830
490
4 320

3 870
470
4 340

3 970
460
4 430

Army:
Male
Female
Total

KDNI
KDNJ
KDNK

15 320
1 730
17 050

14 620
1 580
16 200

13 900
1 330
15 230

13 290
1 090
14 380

13 420
1 140
14 560

13 500
1 090
14 600

13 990
1 080
15 070

13 240
950
14 190

14 660
1 110
15 770

14 230
1 100
15 330

12 210
930
13 140

Royal Air Force:


Male
Female
Total

KDNL
KDNM
KDNN

4 250
640
4 890

4 080
540
4 620

4 140
540
4 680

3 960
570
4 530

3 670
580
4 250

3 470
570
4 040

3 200
530
3 730

4 050
540
4 590

4 500
560
5 070

4 420
610
5 020

3 770
550
4 320

1 See chapter text. Comprises all those who left the Regular Forces and includes deaths.
2 Due to ongoing validation of data from the new Personnel Administration
System, Naval Service statistics from 1 October 2006, Army statistics from
1 April 2007 and RAF statistics from 1 May 2007 are provisional and subject to review.

4.5

Source: Ministry of Defence/DASA (Quad-Service): 0207 8078896

United Kingdom Defence: Service manpower strengths1


As at 1 April
Thousands
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

UK Service personnel
Full-time trained strength
Trained Naval Service
UK regulars
Full-time Reserve Ser vice
Trained Army
UK regulars
Full-time Reserve Ser vice
Gurkhas
Trained Royal Air Force
UK regulars
Full-time Reserve Ser vice

ZBTR
ZBTS
ZBTT
ZBTU
ZBTV
ZBTW
ZBTX
ZBTY
ZBTZ
ZBUA
ZBUB

191.1
39.3
39.1
0.3
99.8
96.3
0.2
3.4
51.9
51.8
0.1

190.3
38.9
38.5
0.3
100.2
96.5
0.5
3.4
51.2
51.0
0.2

189.1
38.5
38.0
0.5
100.4
96.3
0.7
3.5
50.1
49.8
0.3

187.1
37.5
36.8
0.7
100.4
96.0
0.9
3.4
49.2
48.9
0.3

188.5
37.6
36.6
1.0
102.0
97.6
1.0
3.4
48.9
48.5
0.4

190.2
37.5
36.4
1.1
103.6
99.4
0.7
3.4
49.1
48.7
0.4

188.1
36.4
35.5
0.9
102.4
98.5
0.4
3.5
49.2
48.8
0.4

183.2
35.6
34.9
0.7
100.6
96.8
0.5
3.3
46.9
46.6
0.3

177.8
34.9
34.3
0.6
99.3
95.4
0.7
3.3
43.6
43.2
0.3

174.0
35.1
34.5
0.5
98.3
93.8
0.9
3.6
40.6
40.3
0.4

173.9
35.0
34.4
0.6
99.3
94.6
1.1
3.6
39.7
39.3
0.4

Untrained UK regulars
Naval Service
Army
Royal Air Force

ZBUC
ZBUD
ZBUE
ZBUF

21.5
4.6
13.4
3.5

21.6
4.3
13.6
3.7

21.5
4.4
13.2
3.9

23.0
4.9
14.0
4.1

24.2
5.0
14.5
4.7

22.5
4.5
13.3
4.7

18.3
4.4
10.8
3.0

17.5
4.5
10.9
2.1

17.5
4.5
10.8
2.2

18.4
4.0
11.3
3.1

20.1
3.9
11.9
4.3

Locally Entered Personnel2


(excluding Gurkhas)

ZBUG

0.4

0.4

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

ZBUH

4.4

4.2

3.8

3.6

3.5

3.4

3.2

3.1

2.1

Reserve personnel
Regular Reserves
Naval Services
Army4
of which mobilised:
Royal Air Force
of which mobilised:
Volunteer Reserves
Royal Naval Reserve and
Royal Marine Reser ve
of which mobilised:
Territorial Army4
of which mobilised:
Royal Auxilliary Air Force
of which mobilised:

ZBUI
ZBUJ
ZBUK
ZBUL
SNEO
ZBUM
SNEP
ZBUN

307.0
247.6
24.7
180.5
0.1
42.4

59.4

294.8
241.6
24.2
175.5
0.3
41.9

53.2

284.2
234.9
23.5
169.8
0.2
41.5

47.3

273.4
224.9
23.5
161.1
0.3
40.2

46.3

259.7
212.6
23.2
151.5
0.4
37.7

44.9

246.7
201.4
22.8
141.9
0.1
36.4

43.4

235.6
191.5
22.2
134.2
0.2
35.0

42.3

..
..
..
127.6
0.3
34.4

..

..
..
..
121.8
0.1
33.4

42.7

..
..
19.6
..

..

39.2

..
..
..
..

..

41.5

ZBUO
SNEQ
ZBUP
SNER
ZBUQ
SNES

4.5
..
52.3
0.5
2.6

4.8
..
45.6
0.8
2.7

4.8
..
41.7
0.4
1.6

5.0
..
40.7
0.5
1.5
0.1

4.9
0.4
39.3
4.1
1.5
0.8

4.5
0.1
38.1
2.9
1.4

4.4
..
37.3
1.5
1.4
..

..
..
38.5
1.1
1.4
0.1

3.0
0.1
36.8
1.0
1.3
0.2

2.9
0.2
35.0
1.4
1.3
0.1

3.0
0.2
35.3
1.4
1.4
0.2

Cadet Forces
Naval Service
Army4
Royal Air Force

ZBUR
ZBUS
ZBUT
ZBUU

151.0
24.5
74.6
51.9

154.5
24.1
77.4
53.0

151.0
23.8
75.4
51.8

152.3
23.8
75.8
52.7

155.6
23.2
78.7
53.7

155.6
22.6
80.5
52.5

153.1
21.9
80.9
50.3

..
..
81.7
51.0

150.5
18.2
81.9
50.4

150.4
18.6
82.7
49.5

153.8
19.0
84.9
50.1

Royal Irish Regiment


Home Service batallions

1 See chapter text.


2 Locally Entered Personnel includes Gibraltar Volunteer Reserves and
Gibraltar Permanent Cadre.
3 The Royal Irish Regiment disbanded on 31 March 2008.
4 2008 Army Reser ves data are as at 1 June. 2007 Army Reser ves data are
as at 1 March.

20

Source: Ministry of Defence/DASA (Quad-Service): 0207 8078896

Defence

4.6

United Kingdom defence: civilian manpower strengths1


As at 1 April
Thousands: Full-time Equivalent
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Ministry of Defence civilians


MOD Head Office, HQ and centrally managed
expenditure2,3
Non-industrial
Industrial

KDQE
KDQF

21.5
1.0

19.7
0.9

19.1
0.9

20.0
0.8

21.2
0.7

22.7
0.6

24.0
0.7

24.6
0.8

19.8
0.8

19.6
0.7

19.3
0.7

Defence Logistics Organisation3


Non-industrial
Industrial

ZBTJ
ZBTK

..
..

19.7
11.5

17.8
8.4

17.3
6.3

16.4
4.4

16.5
4.3

16.5
4.1

14.1
3.9

..
..

..
..

..
..

Defence Equipment & Support3


Non-industrial
Industrial

I6P5
I6P6

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

17.3
3.6

15.2
2.8

14.3
2.4

Naval Service
Non-industrial
Industrial
Royal Fleet Auxiliar y

KYCW
KYCX
EQS9

11.3
5.3
2.4

3.0
1.0
2.4

3.0
0.9
2.4

2.9
0.8
2.4

2.7
0.8
2.5

2.9
0.8
2.3

2.6
0.7
2.3

2.3
0.6
2.3

2.3
0.6
2.4

1.8
0.5
2.3

1.8
0.5
2.3

Army
Non-industrial
Industrial

KDQK
KDQL

21.6
10.6

16.3
5.8

16.4
5.7

16.0
5.5

16.0
5.4

14.7
5.6

14.5
5.5

13.4
5.2

12.7
5.3

12.2
5.0

11.9
4.6

Royal Air Force


Non-industrial
Industrial

KDQM
KDQN

12.2
7.1

7.1
4.5

7.0
4.4

7.1
4.3

7.0
4.4

7.3
4.4

7.0
4.0

6.7
4.0

6.0
3.0

5.7
3.0

5.7
2.8

Level 1 Total
Non-industrial
Industrial
Royal Fleet Auxiliary

C7PE
C7PF
C7PG
EQT2

94.1
66.6
25.1
2.4

91.9
65.8
23.7
2.4

86.0
63.4
20.2
2.4

83.6
63.4
17.8
2.4

81.5
63.3
15.7
2.5

82.2
64.1
15.7
2.3

82.0
64.7
15.0
2.3

78.1
61.3
14.5
2.3

73.8
58.1
13.3
2.4

69.1
54.7
12.1
2.3

66.4
53.0
11.1
2.3

Locally engaged overseas


Non-industrial
Industrial

KDQA
KDQT
KDQU

14.9
6.7
8.1

14.8
6.7
8.2

13.3
6.3
7.0

14.1
6.5
7.6

13.8
6.5
7.4

15.4
7.3
8.1

15.7
..
..

15.1
..
..

14.2
..
..

11.2
..
..

10.5
..
..

Trading funds

GQHI

14.0

14.5

18.8

12.4

12.2

11.4

10.8

10.7

10.1

9.2

9.6

C7PH

123.0

121.3

118.2

110.1

107.6

109.0

108.5

103.9

98.0

89.5

86.6

Level 0 Total

1 See chapter text. Individuals on temporar y and geographic (T&G) promotion are classed as non-industrial. From 2004, personnel who cannot be
correctly allocated to Top Level Budgets (TLBs) are included with the Centre gures (numbering approx 200 in 2006).
2 The MOD Head Ofce, HQ and centrally managed expenditure budgetar y
area was formerly referred to as Centre.
3 At 1 April 2007, the Defence Logistics Organisation and the Defence Procurement Agency (formerly part of the MOD Head Ofce, HQ and centrally
managed expenditure budgetary area) merged to form Defence Equipment
& Suppor t.

4.7

Source: Ministry of Defence/DASA (SMG): 01225 467144

Family accommodation and defence land holdings1


As at 1 April
Thousands and thousand hectares
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Family accommodation (thousands)


United Kingdom: Total

KDPA

65.5

64.8

59.2

55.8

53.8

52.8

51.9

51.8

51.1

51.2

49.9

Land holdings
United Kingdom
Land2
Foreshore2
Rights held

KDPF
KDPH
KDPJ

220.2
18.6
124.8

219.9
18.6
124.8

224.3
18.6
124.8

222.4
18.6
124.9

221.4
18.6
131.1

221.3
18.6
131.1

222.1
18.6
124.9

222.0
18.6
124.9

222.0
18.6
124.9

221.7
18.6
133.1

221.0
18.0
133.0

1 See chapter text.


2 Freehold and leasehold.

Sources: Ministry of Defence/Defence Estates Directorate of Operations;


Housing : 01480 52151;
Ministry of Defence/Defence Estates: 0121 311 2140

21

Defence

4.8

Location of United Kingdom service personnel1


As at 1 April
Thousands
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

200813

200913

UK Service personnel, Regular Forces:


UK distribution2,3
In United Kingdom4
England
Wales
Scotland
Nor thern Ireland

KDOB
KDOC
KDOD
KDOE
KDOF

171.7
144.3
3.3
14.9
9.0

170.3
143.0
3.2
15.1
8.4

172.0
144.1
2.6
14.5
9.4

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..

169.7
145.0
2.9
13.2
7.0

167.3
142.1
3.3
13.5
6.8

161.4
141.4
2.6
12.6
4.8

158.7
140.3
2.6
12.0
3.7

162.7
143.6
2.7
12.0
4.4

Global location2,3
United Kingdom
Overseas
Mainland European States4,5
Germany6
Balkans
Mediterranean7,8
Gibraltar
Cyprus
Far East/Asia9
Africa10
Nor th America
Central/South America
Falkland Islands
Other locations, including unallocated

MKCN
KDOG
KDOI
KDOH
MKCO
KDOM
KDOJ
KDOL
MKCT
MKCP
MKCQ
MKCR
MKCS
KDOQ

161.0
47.1
15.2
18.0
..
1.3
0.6
3.6
0.3
..
..
..
..
8.2

163.1
43.0
8.2
19.5
..
1.1
0.6
3.5
1.0
..
..
..
..
9.1

162.8
40.9
8.6
17.3
..
2.3
0.5
3.5
0.3

2.5

0.8
5.1

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

169.7
29.2
27.0
22.2
0.1
..
0.4
3.2
0.3
0.6
0.7
0.1
0.3
1.1

167.3
28.5
26.6
22.0

..
0.3
3.0
0.3
0.6
0.7
0.1
0.3
1.0

161.4
28.0
26.2
21.7
0.1
..
0.3
3.0
0.2
0.5
0.7
0.1
0.3
1.1

158.7
27.6
26.0
21.7

..
0.3
2.8
0.3
0.5
0.7
0.1
0.1
1.2

162.7
25.4
23.4
19.1

..
0.3
2.9
0.3
0.5
0.8
0.1
0.3
0.3

KDOS
KDOT
KDOV
KDOW
KDOX
KDOK

2.0
0.4

0.8
0.5
3.7

2.1
0.3

0.8
0.5
3.7

2.3
0.4

0.8
0.4
3.9

2.6
0.4

0.8
0.3
4.2

2.6
0.4

0.8
0.4
4.1

2.6
0.4

0.7
0.4
4.1

Locally entered service personnel:11


United Kingdom
Gibraltar
Hong Kong
Brunei
India/Nepal
Total

1 See chapter text.


2 Prior to 2003, gures for UK distribution and global location are collated
from seperate sources. Comparison is therefore not possible between the
two sets of UK personnel gures.
3 Includes personnel within the UK whose location is unknown.
4 Includes the Balkans until 2002.
5 Post 2002 Mainland European States gure includes Germany, Balkans,
Mediterranean, Gibraltar and Cyprus.
6 Prior to 1996, gures for the Federal Republic of Germany and Mainland
European States were combined.

2.512
0.4

0.8
0.412
4.112

2.612
0.4

0.8
0.3
4.012

2.812
0.4

0.8
0.1
4.112

3.012
0.4

0.8

4.212

3.2
0.4

0.7

4.3

7 Includes Med Near East and Middle East until 2002.


8 Post 2002 Mediterranean gure is not shown separately but is included in
Mainland European States gure.
9 Prior to 1997, gures include personnel serving in Hong Kong.
10 Post 2002, the Africa gure includes Middle East.
11 Up to 2001 includes trained Gurkhas. Post 2001 includes trained and untrained
Gurkhas.
12 Revised to make data consistent with UK Defence Statistics.
13 All data for 2008 and 2009 are provisional.
Source: Ministry of Defence/DASA (Quad-Service): 02072 180 390

4.9

United Kingdom regular forces: deaths1

Deaths
Total
Male
Female
Rates per 100,000 strength2
All
Navy
Army
RAF

Numbers and rates per hundred thousand


2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

SNIA
SNIB
SNIC

147
143
4

142
139
3

147
138
9

177
170
7

170
164
6

160
152
8

191
184
7

204
195
9

137
129
8

205
202
3

SNIH
SNII
SNIJ
SNIK

72
63
80
64

70
80
72
51

74
72
85
53

83
89
83
72

81
92
76
63

81
70
86
72

98
86
95
86

106
71
129
70

72
109
72
34

106
55
134
51

1 Gurkhas and non-regular Service personnel who died whilst on Operations


are included in the numbers and rates presented in Table 4.9.
2 Rates have been age and gender standardised to the 2009 Armed Forces
population.

22

Source: Ministry of Defence/DASA (Health Information): 01225 467538

Defence

4.10

Strength of uniformed United Kingdom medical staff1


As at 1 April
Numbers
1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

20089

Qualified doctors:2
Naval Service
Army3
Royal Air Force
All Services

KDMA
KDMB
KDMC
KDMD

210
440
210
850

210
450
200
860

210
460
180
860

220
470
180
870

220
490
180
890

230
550
190
970

240
600
200
1 040

260
610
220
1 090

260
650
230
1 140

290
550
220
1 060

283
598
229
1 110

Qualified dentists:2
Naval Service
Army3
Royal Air Force
All Services

KDME
KDMF
KDMG
KDMH

60
140
80
280

60
140
80
290

60
140
80
280

60
150
80
290

60
140
70
280

60
150
70
270

60
150
80
290

60
150
70
280

60
140
70
270

50
130
60
240

55
132
63
250

Support staff:4
Naval Service5
Nursing services5
Suppor t5
Army3
Nursing services3,4,6
Suppor t3
Royal Air Force
Nursing services7
Suppor t
All Services

KDMI
ZBTL
ZBTM
KDMJ
ZBTN
ZBTO
KDMK
ZBTP
ZBTQ
KDML

990
..
..
3 090
..
..
1 190
..
..
5 230

970
200
770
3 120
520
2 600
1 360
330
1 030
5 540

1 000
210
790
3 210
570
2 640
1 460
400
1 060
5 760

1 030
210
820
3 260
610
2 650
1 480
420
1 070
5 800

1 010
220
790
3 320
650
2 670
1 500
450
1 050
5 930

1 060
250
810
3 410
710
2 700
1 600
470
1 130
6 180

1 110
280
840
3 560
770
2 800
1 680
480
1 200
6 440

1 110
290
820
..
770
..
1 660
510
1 160
..

1 120
300
820
..
800
..
1 550
480
1 070
..

1 130
300
830
3 000
790
2 210
1 340
490
850
..

1 278
295
983
4 071
962
3 109
1 375
437
938
..

1 See chapter text. Includes staff employed at units (including ships) and in
hospitals.
2 The Medical and Dental Ofcers are trained only and exclude Late Entry
Personnel. For 2007 includes all those individuals who hold a basic
registrable qualication but may not necessarily be fully trained in their speciality. "Qualied" Doctors and Dentists refers to personnel who hold a
basic registrable qualication, but may not necessarily have completed their
career directed professional training, and as such may not necessarily be
fully trained in their speciality.
3 Due to a change in source data, Army gures prior to 2005 cannot
be veried.

4 Includes all members of the Nursing Services/Nursing Corps. From 1999,


gures for support staff have been split so that nurses are separate from other
suppor t staff. From 2007, includes all medical support staff which the Defence
Medical Services Department collects in its tri-service return.
5 From 2007, includes trained and untrained.
6 The 2006 Nursing Services gure is trained and untrained Soldiers with Nursing trades in the QARANC and all trained Ofcers in QARANC. From 2007, includes trained and untrained.
7 From 2007, includes trained and untrained.
8 Figures from 2007 provided by DMSD.
9 2008 support gures include all support staff both trained and untrained.
Source: DASA DMSD: 0207 2181429

23

Defence

4.11

United Kingdom defence services and the civilian community1


Numbers
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Military Search and rescue operations at home


Call outs: total
Royal Navy helicopters
Royal Air Force helicopters
Contractorised and other helicopters
Royal Air Force Nimrod aircraft
Other xed wing aircraft2
HM ships and auxilliary vessels2
Royal Air Force mountain rescue teams

GPYC
GPXO
GPXP
GPXQ
GPXR
GPXS
KCMG
KCMH

1 912
499
1 235

65

113

1 941
499
1 278

71
1

92

1 763
502
1 115

54
1

91

1 684
436
1 122

46
1

79

1 714
424
1 173

37

80

1 638
453
1 079

37
2

67

1 702
478
1 114

37

73

1 875
497
1 258
1
32
1

86

1 973
592
1 258

21

102

2 083
586
1 377

29

91

2 337
758
1 479

13
1

86

Persons moved: total


Persons moved by rescue service
Royal Navy helicopters
Royal Air Force helicopters
Royal Air Force mountain rescue teams
Other

KCMI

1 204

1 316

1 182

1 224

1 273

1 412

1 384

1 463

1 767

1 607

1 810

GPXT
GPXU
GPXV
GPXW

355
832
17

360
934
22

386
781
15

314
900
10

320
922
31

416
978
17
1

380
907
97

479
968
16

507
1 219
41

516
1 062
29

656
1 135
19

GPXX
GPXY
GPXZ
GPYA
GPYB

307
640
216
32
9

276
713
241
29
57

281
629
228
36
8

343
654
201
21
5

280
779
174
25
15

494
672
195
33
18

408
778
143
31
24

384
830
175
43
31

582
946
198
24
17

450
869
219
40
29

445
1 064
224
44
33

KCMM

1 714

1 781

1 608

1 544

1 600

1 504

1 584

1 703

1 803

1 941

2 191

Persons moved by type of assistance


Rescue3
Medrescue4
Medtransfer5
Recovery6
Transfer7
Search and rescue incidents: total

Source: Ministry of Defence/DASA (Statistical Methodology Group): 01225


468701

Fishery protection
Vessels boarded

KCMO

1999
/00

2000
/01

2001
/02

2002
/03

2003
/04

2004
/05

2005
/06

2006
/07

2007
/08

2008
/09

1 716

1 603

1 464

1 375

1 709

1 747

1 371

1 335

1 309

1 102

Source: Fisheries Protection - Ministry of Defence


1 See chapter text.
2 Not permanently on stand-by.
3 Rescue: Moving an uninjured person from a hostile to a benign environment.
4 Medrescue: Moving an injured casualty from a hostile environment to a
medical facility.

24

5 Medtransfer (formerly Medevac): Moving a sick person between medical facilities such as a hospital or occasionally to move transplant organs.
6 Recovery: Moving people declared dead on scene or conrmed dead on arrival
by a qualied doctor.
7 Transfer (formerly Airlift): Moving military personnel, or their families, on compassionate grounds.

Population and vital statistics

Chapter 5

Population and
vital statistics



Population and vital statistics

Population and
vital statistics
This section begins with a summary of population gures for
the UK and constituent countries for 1851 to 2031 and for
Great Britain from 1801 (Table 5.1). Table 5.2 analyses the
components of population change. Table 5.3 gives details
of the national sex and age structures for years up to the
present date, with projected gures up to the year 2026. Legal
marital condition of the population is shown in Table 5.4.
The distribution of population at regional and local levels is
summarised in Table 5.5.
In the main, historical series relate to census information,
while mid-year estimates, which make allowance for underenumeration in the census, are given for the recent past and
the present (from 1961 onwards).

Tables 5.1 5.3 are based on the estimates of the population


of the UK at mid-2008 made by the Registrars General.

Marital condition (de jure): estimated population


(Table 5.4)
This table shows population estimates by marital status.

Geographical distribution of the population


(Table 5.5)
The population enumerated in the censuses for 19111951
and the mid-year population estimates for later years are
provided for standard regions of the UK, for metropolitan
areas, for broad groupings of local authority districts by
type within England and Wales and for some of the larger
cities. Projections of future sub-national population levels are
prepared from time to time by the Registrar General, but are
not shown in this publication.

Population
(Tables 5.1 5.3)

Migration into and out of the UK

Figures shown in these tables relate to the population


enumerated at successive censuses (up to 1951), mid-year
estimates (from 1961 to 2008) and population projections (up
to 2031). Further information can be found on the Ofce for
National Statistics (ONS) website at:
www.statistics.gov.uk/popest

(Tables 5.7, 5.9)

Population projections are 2008-based and were published by


ONS on 21 October 2009. Further information can be found
at: www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/Product.asp?vlnk=8519.

Denition of resident population


The estimated resident population of an area includes all
the people who usually live there, whatever their nationality.
Members of HM and US Armed Forces in England and Wales
are included on a residential basis wherever possible. HM
Forces stationed outside England and Wales are not included.
Students are taken to be resident at their term-time address.
The projections of the resident population of the UK and
constituent countries were prepared by the National Statistics
Centre for Demography within ONS, in consultation with
the Registrars General, as a common framework for use
in national planning in a number of different elds. New
projections are made every second year on assumptions
regarding future fertility, mortality and migration which seem
most appropriate on the basis of the statistical evidence
available at the time. The population projections in

A migrant is dened as a person who changes his or her


country of usual residence for a period of at least a year
so that the country of destination effectively becomes the
country of usual residence.
The main source of international migration data is the
International Passenger Survey (IPS). This is a continuous
voluntary sample survey that provides information on
passengers entering and leaving the UK by the principal
air, sea and tunnel routes. Being a sample survey, the IPS is
subject to some uncertainty; therefore, it should be noted that
international migration estimates, in particular the difference
between inow and outow, may be subject to large sampling
errors. The IPS excludes routes between the Channel Islands
and Isle of Man and the rest of the world.
The IPS data are supplemented with three types of additional
information in order to provide a full picture of total
international migration:
1. The IPS is based on intentions to migrate and intentions
are liable to change. Adjustments are made for visitor
switchers (those who intend to stay in the UK or abroad
for less than one year but subsequently stay for longer
and become migrants) and for migrant switchers (those
who intend to stay in the UK or abroad for one year or
more but then return earlier so are no longer migrants).
These adjustments are primarily based on IPS data but

Population and vital statistics

for years prior to 2001 Home Ofce data on short-term


visitors who were subsequently granted an extension
of stay for a year or longer for other reasons have been
incorporated.
2. Home Ofce data on applications for asylum and
dependants of asylum seekers entering the UK are used
to estimate inows of asylum seekers and dependants not
already captured by the IPS. In addition, Home Ofce data
on removals and refusals are used to estimate outows of
failed asylum seekers not identied by the IPS.

Marriages
(Table 5.12)
The gures in this table relate to marriages solemnised in the
constituent countries of the UK. They take no account of the
growing trend towards marrying abroad.

Divorces
(Tables 5.13 and 5.14)

3. Migration ows between the UK and the Irish Republic


are added to these data as the IPS did not cover this route
until recently and the quality of these data are still being
assessed. Migration ows are obtained mainly from the
Quarterly National Household Survey and are agreed
between the Irish Central Statistics Ofce and ONS.

A marriage may be either dissolved, following a petition for


divorce and the granting of a decree absolute, or annulled,
following a petition for nullity and the awarding of a decree of
nullity. The rst group of decrees are known as dissolutions of
marriage and the second as annulments of marriage. In Table
5.13 the term divorce includes both types of decrees.

The international migration estimates in Table 5.7 are derived


from all these sources and represent total international
migration. The estimates in Tables 5.8 and 5.9 are based on
the IPS only (without the three adjustments outlined above).

Births

Grants for settlement in the UK


(Table 5.10)
This table presents, in geographic regions, the statistics of
individual countries of nationality, arranged alphabetically
within each region. The gures are on a different basis from
those derived from IPS (Tables 5.8 and 5.9) and relate only
to people subject to immigration control. Persons granted
settlement are allowed to stay indenitely in the UK. They
exclude temporary migrants such as students and generally
relate only to non-EEA nationals. Settlement can occur several
years after entry to the country.

Applications received for asylum in the United


Kingdom, excluding dependants
(Table 5.11)
This table shows statistics of applications for asylum in the
UK. Figures are shown for the main applicant nationalities by
geographic region. The basis of assessing asylum applications,
and hence of deciding whether to grant asylum in the UK, is
the 1951 United Nations Convention on Refugees.

(Tables 5.15 5.17)


For Scotland and Northern Ireland the number of births relate
to those registered during the year. For England and Wales
the gures up to and including the period from 1930 to 1932
are for those registered, while later gures relate to births
occurring in each year.
All data for England and Wales and for Scotland include births
occurring in those countries to mothers not usually resident
in them. Data for Northern Ireland, and hence the UK, prior
to 1981 include births occurring in Northern Ireland to nonresident mothers; from 1981 such births are excluded.

Deaths
(Tables 5.19 and 5.21)
The gures relate to the number of deaths registered during
each calendar year.

Infant and maternal mortality


(Table 5.20)
On 1 October 1992 the legal denition of a stillbirth was
altered from a baby born dead after 28 completed weeks
gestation or more to one born after 24 completed weeks
of gestation or more. The 258 stillbirths of 24 to 27 weeks
gestation that occurred between 1 October and 31 December
1992 are excluded from this table.

Population and vital statistics

Life tables
(Table 5.22)
The current set of interim life tables are constructed from the
estimated population in the period from 2004 to 2006 and
corresponding data on births, infant deaths and deaths by
individual age occurring in those years.
The estimates used in these interim life tables are the
estimates, or revised estimates, issued on the following dates:
Mid-year
population
estimates

England

Wales

Scotland

Northern
Ireland

2004

August
2007

August
2007

July
2007

July
2005

2005

August
2007

August
2007

July
2007

October
2006

2006

August
2007

August
2007

July
2007

July
2007

2007

August
2008

August
2008

July
2008

July
2008

Adoptions
(Tables 5.23)
The gures shown within these tables relate to the date the
adoption was entered in the Adopted Children Register.
Figures based on the date of the court order are available
for England and Wales in the volume Marriage, divorce and
adoption statistics 2007 (no. 35 in the FM2 series) available
on the ONS website at: www.ons.gov.uk or from the enquiry
point in the ONS shown at the foot of the tables.

Population and vital statistics

5.1

Population summary: by country and sex


Thousands
United Kingdom

England and Wales

Wales

Scotland

Nor thern Ireland

Persons

Males

Females

Persons

Males

Females

Persons

Persons

Males

Females

Persons

Males

Females

1801
1851
1901
1911
19211

..
22 259
38 237
42 082
44 027

..
10 855
18 492
20 357
21 033

..
11 404
19 745
21 725
22 994

8 893
17 928
32 528
36 070
37 887

4 255
8 781
15 729
17 446
18 075

4 638
9 146
16 799
18 625
19 811

587
1 163
2 013
2 421
2 656

1 608
2 889
4 472
4 761
4 882

739
1 376
2 174
2 309
2 348

869
1 513
2 298
2 452
2 535

..
1 442
1 237
1 251
1 258

..
698
590
603
610

..
745
647
648
648

19311
1951
1961

46 038
50 225
52 709

22 060
24 118
25 481

23 978
26 107
27 228

39 952
43 758
46 105

19 133
21 016
22 304

20 819
22 742
23 801

2 593
2 599
2 644

4 843
5 096
5 179

2 326
2 434
2 483

2 517
2 662
2 697

1 243
1 371
1 425

601
668
694

642
703
731

1973
1974
1975
1976
1977

DYAY
56 223
56 236
56 226
56 216
56 190

BBAB
27 332
27 349
27 361
27 360
27 345

BBAC
28 891
28 887
28 865
28 856
28 845

BBAD
49 459
49 468
49 470
49 459
49 440

BBAE
24 061
24 075
24 091
24 089
24 076

BBAF
25 399
25 393
25 378
25 370
25 364

KGJM
2 773
2 785
2 795
2 799
2 801

BBAG
5 234
5 241
5 232
5 233
5 226

BBAH
2 515
2 519
2 516
2 517
2 515

BBAI
2 719
2 722
2 716
2 716
2 711

BBAJ
1 530
1 527
1 524
1 524
1 523

BBAK
756
755
753
754
754

BBAL
774
772
770
770
769

1978
1979
1980
1981
1982

56 178
56 240
56 330
56 357
56 291

27 330
27 373
27 411
27 412
27 364

28 849
28 867
28 919
28 946
28 927

49 443
49 508
49 603
49 634
49 582

24 067
24 113
24 156
24 160
24 119

25 375
25 395
25 448
25 474
25 462

2 804
2 810
2 816
2 813
2 804

5 212
5 204
5 194
5 180
5 165

2 509
2 505
2 501
2 495
2 487

2 704
2 699
2 693
2 685
2 677

1 523
1 528
1 533
1 543
1 545

754
755
755
757
757

770
773
778
786
788

1983
1984
1985
1986
1987

56 316
56 409
56 554
56 684
56 804

27 371
27 421
27 489
27 542
27 599

28 944
28 989
29 065
29 142
29 205

49 617
49 713
49 861
49 999
50 123

24 133
24 185
24 254
24 311
24 371

25 484
25 528
25 606
25 687
25 752

2 803
2 801
2 803
2 811
2 823

5 148
5 139
5 128
5 112
5 099

2 479
2 475
2 470
2 462
2 455

2 669
2 664
2 658
2 649
2 644

1 551
1 557
1 565
1 574
1 582

759
761
765
768
773

792
796
800
805
809

1988
1989
1990
1991
1992

56 916
57 076
57 237
57 439
57 585

27 652
27 729
27 819
27 909
27 977

29 265
29 348
29 419
29 530
29 608

50 254
50 408
50 561
50 748
50 876

24 434
24 510
24 597
24 681
24 739

25 820
25 898
25 964
26 067
26 136

2 841
2 855
2 862
2 873
2 878

5 077
5 078
5 081
5 083
5 086

2 444
2 443
2 444
2 445
2 445

2 633
2 635
2 637
2 639
2 640

1 585
1 590
1 596
1 607
1 623

774
776
778
783
792

812
814
818
824
831

1993
1994
1995
1996
1997

57 714
57 862
58 025
58 164
58 314

28 039
28 108
28 204
28 287
28 371

29 675
29 754
29 821
29 877
29 943

50 986
51 116
51 272
51 410
51 560

24 793
24 853
24 946
25 030
25 113

26 193
26 263
26 326
26 381
26 446

2 884
2 887
2 889
2 891
2 895

5 092
5 102
5 104
5 092
5 083

2 448
2 453
2 453
2 447
2 442

2 644
2 649
2 650
2 645
2 641

1 636
1 644
1 649
1 662
1 671

798
802
804
810
816

837
842
845
851
856

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

58 475
58 684
58 886
59 113
59 323

28 458
28 578
28 690
28 832
28 964

30 017
30 106
30 196
30 281
30 359

51 720
51 933
52 140
52 360
52 572

25 201
25 323
25 438
25 574
25 704

26 519
26 610
26 702
26 786
26 868

2 900
2 901
2 907
2 910
2 920

5 077
5 072
5 063
5 064
5 055

2 439
2 437
2 432
2 434
2 432

2 638
2 635
2 631
2 630
2 623

1 678
1 679
1 683
1 689
1 697

819
818
820
824
829

859
861
862
865
868

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

59 557
59 846
60 238
60 587
60 975

29 109
29 278
29 497
29 694
29 916

30 449
30 568
30 741
30 893
31 059

52 797
53 057
53 419
53 729
54 072

25 841
25 995
26 197
26 371
26 569

26 956
27 062
27 223
27 358
27 503

2 931
2 946
2 954
2 966
2 980

5 057
5 078
5 095
5 117
5 144

2 435
2 446
2 456
2 469
2 486

2 623
2 632
2 639
2 647
2 659

1 703
1 710
1 724
1 742
1 759

833
836
844
853
862

870
874
880
888
897

2008

61 383

30 151

31 232

54 440

26 780

27 659

2 993

5 169

2 500

2 668

1 775

871

904

2011

C59J
62 649

C59K
30 842

C59L
31 807

C59M
55 601

C59N
27 412

C59O
28 189

C59P
3 024

C59Q
5 233

C59R
2 537

C59S
2 695

C59T
1 815

C59U
892

C59V
923

2016

64 773

31 986

32 787

57 576

28 474

29 102

3 104

5 324

2 589

2 736

1 874

924

950

2021

66 958

33 134

33 824

59 620

29 547

30 073

3 187

5 411

2 635

2 776

1 927

952

975

2026

69 051

34 210

34 841

61 597

30 563

31 035

3 263

5 483

2 672

2 811

1 971

975

996

2031

70 933

35 162

35 772

63 397

31 473

31 924

3 326

5 532

2 696

2 835

2 005

992

1 012

Enumerated population:
Census figures

Resident population:
mid-year estimates

Resident population:
projections (mid-year)2

1 Figures for Northern Ireland are estimated. The population at the Census of
1926 was 1 257 thousand (608 thousand males and 649 thousand females).
2 These projections are 2008-based. See chapter text for more detail.

Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444661;


General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

29

Population and vital statistics

5.2

Population changes: by country


Thousands
Average annual change
1

Population
at start
of period

Overall
annual
change

Natural
change

Net migration
and other
changes

Births

1901 - 1911
1911 - 1921
1921 - 1931
1931 - 1951
1951 - 1961

38 237
42 082
44 027
46 038
50 225

385
195
201
213
258

1 091
975
824
793
839

624
689
555
603
593

467
286
268
190
246

-82
-92
-67
22
12

1961 - 1971
1971 - 1981
1981 - 1991
1991 - 2001
2001 - 2007
2001 - 2008

52 807
55 928
56 357
57 439
59 113
59 113

312
42
108
161
310
324

962
736
757
731
710
722

638
666
655
631
591
588

324
69
103
100
119
134

-12
-27
5
61
191
191

2011 - 2021

62 649

431

791

544

248

183

1901 - 1911
1911 - 1921
1921 - 1931
1931 - 1951
1951 - 1961

32 528
36 070
37 887
39 952
43 758

354
182
207
193
244

929
828
693
673
714

525
584
469
518
516

404
244
224
155
197

-50
-62
-17
38
47

1961 - 1971
1971 - 1981
1981 - 1991
1991 - 2001
2001 - 2007
2001 - 2008

46 196
49 152
49 634
50 748
52 360
52 360

296
48
111
155
285
297

832
638
664
647
634
644

560
585
576
556
520
517

272
53
89
92
114
127

23
-5
23
63
171
170

2011 - 2021

55 601

402

709

477

232

170

1901 - 1911
1911 - 1921
1921 - 1931
1931 - 1951
1951 - 1961

4 472
4 761
4 882
4 843
5 096

29
12
-4
13
9

131
118
100
92
95

76
82
65
67
62

54
36
35
25
34

-25
-24
-39
-12
-25

1961 - 1971
1971 - 1981
1981 - 1991
1991 - 2001
2001 - 2007
2001 - 2008

5 184
5 236
5 180
5 083
5 064
5 064

5
-6
-7
-2
13
15

97
70
66
60
54
55

63
64
63
60
57
57

34
6
3
-1
-3
-2

-30
-11
-10
-1
16
17

2011 - 2021

5 233

18

58

52

12

1901 - 1911
1911 - 1921
1921 - 1931
1931 - 1951
1951 - 1961

1 237
1 251
1 258
1 243
1 371

1
1
-2
6
6

31
29
30
28
30

23
22
21
18
15

8
7
9
10
15

-6
-6
-11
-4
-9

1961 - 1971
1971 - 1981
1981 - 1991
1991 - 2001
2001 - 2008

1 427
1 540
1 543
1 607
1 689

11
6
8
11

33
28
27
24
23

16
17
16
15
14

17
11
12
9
8

-6
-11
-5
4

2011 - 2021

1 815

11

25

14

11

Deaths

United Kingdom

England and Wales

Scotland

Northern Ireland

1 Census enumerated population up to 1951; mid-year estimates of resident


population from 1961 to 2008 and mid-2008-based projections of resident
population thereafter.
2 Including deaths of non-civilians and merchant seamen who died outside
the country. These numbered 577 000 in 1911-1921 and 240 000 in
1931-1951 for England and Wales; 74 000 in 1911-1921 and 34 000 in
1931-1951 for Scotland; and 10 000 in 1911-1926 for Northern Ireland.

30

Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444661;


General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

Population and vital statistics

5.3

Age distribution of the resident population: by sex and country


Thousands
United Kingdom
Population
enumerated in Census
1901

Persons: All ages

KGUA

1931

1951

Estimated mid-year
resident population
1981

19912 20013 2003

2004

2005

Projected mid-year
resident population1
2006

2007

2008

2011

2016

2021

2026

38 237 46 038 50 225 56 357 57 439 59 114 59 557 59 846 60 238 60 587 60 975 61 383 62 649 64 773 66 958 69 051

Under 1
1-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19

KGUK
KABA
KGUN
KGUO
KGUP

938
3 443
4 106
3 934
3 826

712
2 818
3 897
3 746
3 989

20 - 29
30 - 44
45 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 74

KABB
KABC
KABD
KGUY
KBCP

6 982
7 493
4 639
1 067
1 278

7 865 7 154 8 113 9 138 7 499 7 400 7 496 7 691 7 880 8 107 8 302 8 758 8 920 8 471 8 223
9 717 11 125 10 956 12 125 13 405 13 506 13 460 13 419 13 302 13 141 12 978 12 646 12 600 13 408 14 085
7 979 9 558 9 540 9 500 11 168 11 412 11 507 11 616 11 744 11 728 11 792 12 288 13 080 12 951 12 323
1 897 2 422 2 935 2 888 2 884 2 949 3 027 3 114 3 240 3 483 3 639 3 746 3 442 3 840 4 300
2 461 3 689 5 195 5 067 4 947 5 001 5 028 5 046 5 029 5 058 5 155 5 501 6 344 6 551 6 703

75 - 84
85 and over

KBCU
KGVD

470
61

844
113

773
3 553
3 689
3 310
3 175

1 555
224

730
2 726
3 677
4 470
4 735

2 677
603

790
3 077
3 657
3 485
3 719

3 119
873

663
2 819
3 735
3 890
3 678

3 296
1 130

680
2 706
3 650
3 896
3 856

3 398
1 104

705
2 686
3 608
3 867
3 921

3 431
1 111

716
2 713
3 554
3 819
3 957

3 420
1 174

732
2 765
3 490
3 751
3 996

3 416
1 243

756
2 837
3 424
3 704
4 016

3 424
1 298

788
2 912
3 395
3 659
3 988

3 440
1 335

775
3 108
3 508
3 500
3 832

3 540
1 447

787
3 111
3 892
3 515
3 571

3 829
1 682

801
3 190
3 906
3 898
3 585

4 360
1 995

795
3 199
3 999
3 912
3 968

5 130
2 413

School ages (5-15) KBWU


Under 18
KGUD
Pensionable ages 5 KFIA

.. 13 120 7 649 9 086 7 818 8 381 8 334 8 254 8 159 8 041 7 917 7 817 7 739 8 077 8 543 8 692
.. 10 557 13 248 14 472 13 120 13 357 13 259 13 219 13 176 13 120 13 111 13 121 13 120 13 375 13 978 14 269
2 387 4 421 6 828 10 035 10 557 10 845 11 012 11 117 11 232 11 344 11 562 11 791 12 178 12 493 12 906 13 457

KGWA

18 492 22 060 24 118 27 412 27 909 28 832 29 109 29 278 29 497 29 694 29 916 30 151 30 842 31 986 33 134 34 210

Males: All ages


Under 1
1-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19

KGWK
KBCV
KGWN
KGWO
KGWP

471
1 719
2 052
1 972
1 898

361
1 423
1 967
1 892
1 987

397
1 818
1 885
1 681
1 564

374
1 400
1 889
2 295
2 424

403
1 572
1 871
1 784
1 905

338
1 445
1 913
1 993
1 879

349
1 384
1 870
1 998
1 989

362
1 376
1 847
1 985
2 018

367
1 389
1 819
1 962
2 030

374
1 416
1 785
1 924
2 060

387
1 453
1 750
1 898
2 069

404
1 492
1 737
1 873
2 049

397
1 591
1 795
1 791
1 966

403
1 592
1 989
1 802
1 831

410
1 632
1 995
1 995
1 841

407
1 637
2 043
2 002
2 034

20 - 29
30 - 44
45 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 74

KBCW
KBCX
KBUU
KGWY
KBWL

3 293
3 597
2 215
490
565

3 818
4 495
3 753
894
1 099

3 509
5 461
4 493
1 061
1 560

4 103
5 513
4 711
1 376
2 264

4 578
6 045
4 732
1 390
2 272

3 744
6 645
5 534
1 412
2 308

3 709
6 695
5 646
1 440
2 347

3 773
6 669
5 691
1 479
2 365

3 878
6 655
5 745
1 522
2 380

3 978
6 597
5 804
1 584
2 379

4 116
6 522
5 786
1 701
2 398

4 235
6 449
5 815
1 778
2 447

4 479
6 311
6 048
1 824
2 623

4 555
6 353
6 431
1 673
3 032

4 318
6 812
6 373
1 864
3 127

4 193
7 180
6 099
2 078
3 201

75 - 84
85 and over

KBWM
KGXD

196
23

335
36

617
70

922
141

1 146
212

1 308
312

1 369
312

1 392
321

1 400
350

1 413
379

1 432
403

1 452
422

1 535
482

1 716
610

1 988
778

2 355
982

School ages (5-15) KBWV


Under 18
KGWD
Pensionable ages5 KFIB

..
..
785

6 711
3 630
1 471

3 895
6 753
2 247

4 666
7 430
3 327

4 001
6 711
3 630

4 294
6 845
3 928

4 273
6 799
4 028

4 233
6 780
4 078

4 185
6 756
4 130

4 122
6 727
4 171

4 054
6 721
4 233

4 002
6 723
4 321

3 961
6 719
4 639

4 134
6 848
5 358

4 369
7 154
5 893

4 445
7 301
6 158

Females: All ages

KGYA

19 745 23 978 26 107 28 946 29 530 30 281 30 449 30 568 30 741 30 893 31 059 31 232 31 807 32 787 33 824 34 841

Under 1
1-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19

KGYK
KBWN
KGYN
KGYO
KGYP

466
1 724
2 054
1 962
1 928

351
1 397
1 930
1 854
2 002

376
1 735
1 804
1 629
1 611

356
1 327
1 788
2 175
2 311

387
1 505
1 786
1 701
1 815

324
1 375
1 822
1 897
1 799

331
1 322
1 781
1 897
1 867

343
1 310
1 761
1 882
1 903

349
1 324
1 735
1 857
1 927

357
1 349
1 705
1 827
1 936

368
1 383
1 674
1 806
1 947

385
1 420
1 658
1 785
1 939

378
1 517
1 713
1 709
1 866

384
1 519
1 903
1 714
1 740

391
1 558
1 911
1 903
1 745

388
1 562
1 956
1 911
1 934

20 - 29
30 - 44
45 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 74

KBWO
KBWP
KBWR
KGYY
KBWS

3 690
3 895
2 424
577
713

4 047
5 222
4 226
1 003
1 361

3 644
5 663
5 065
1 361
2 127

4 009
5 442
4 829
1 559
2 931

4 560
6 080
4 769
1 498
2 795

3 755
6 760
5 634
1 473
2 640

3 691
6 811
5 766
1 509
2 654

3 723
6 792
5 816
1 548
2 662

3 813
6 764
5 871
1 591
2 666

3 902
6 706
5 940
1 656
2 650

3 990
6 620
5 942
1 782
2 660

4 067
6 529
5 978
1 861
2 708

4 278
6 335
6 240
1 923
2 878

4 366
6 247
6 649
1 769
3 312

4 153
6 596
6 579
1 976
3 424

4 031
6 905
6 223
2 223
3 503

75 - 84
85 and over

KBWT
KGZD

274
38

509
77

937
154

1 756
462

1 972
661

1 987
817

2 029
792

2 040
789

2 020
825

2 002
864

1 992
895

1 988
914

2 005
965

2 113
1 072

2 371
1 218

2 775
1 431

School ages (5-15) KBWW


Under 18
KGYD
Pensionable ages5 KFIC

..
..
1 601

6 409
6 927
2 950

3 753
6 495
4 580

4 421
7 042
6 708

3 817
6 409
6 927

4 087
6 512
6 917

4 061
6 460
6 984

4 022
6 439
7 039

3 974
6 419
7 102

3 919
6 393
7 172

3 863
6 390
7 329

3 815
6 398
7 471

3 778
6 402
7 539

3 943
6 527
7 135

4 174
6 824
7 013

4 247
6 969
7 299

31

Population and vital statistics

5.3

Age distribution of the resident population: by sex and country

continued

Thousands
England

Wales

Estimated mid-year
resident population

Projected
population1

19912 20024 20034 20044 20054 2006


Persons: All ages

2008

2011

Estimated mid-year
resident population

Projected
population1

19912 20024 20034 20044 20054 2006 2008 2011 2026

2026

KCCI 47 875 49 652 49 866 50 111 50 466 50 763 51 446 52 577 58 334 KERY 2 873 2 920 2 931 2 946 2 954 2 966 2 993 3 024 3 263

Under 1
1-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19

KCCJ
KCCK
KCCL
KCCM
KCCN

559
2 313
3 084
3 264
3 115

576
2 275
3 055
3 250
3 203

597
2 262
3 020
3 225
3 261

606
2 289
2 976
3 185
3 297

620
2 335
2 922
3 130
3 334

668
2 462
2 849
3 055
3 331

657
2 632
2 959
2 926
3 199

682
2 735
3 402
3 313
3 354

KFAC
KFBX
KFCA
KFCB
KFCC

38
153
186
177
187

30
132
183
197
190

31
129
180
197
196

32
127
178
195
199

32
126
175
193
200

33
127
172
189
202

35
133
163
183
203

35
140
163
174
194

35
143
183
182
186

20 - 29
30 - 44
45 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 74

KCEG
7 651 6 244
KCEH 10 147 11 347
KCEQ
7 920 9 439
KCEW
2 399 2 399
KCGD
4 222 4 129

6 232
11 369
9 522
2 445
4 155

6 315
11 337
9 591
2 509
4 175

6 483
11 318
9 675
2 586
4 189

6 633
11 230
9 777
2 697
4 171

6 974
10 975
9 809
3 039
4 274

7 385
10 711
10 235
3 118
4 572

7 009
12 003
10 392
3 583
5 541

KFCD
KFCE
KFCF
KFCG
KFCH

415
583
486
154
284

333
610
578
156
265

334
608
582
161
268

340
606
586
166
270

348
599
589
171
271

359
590
592
177
273

384
567
589
197
282

401
544
602
203
303

366
619
565
216
357

75 - 84
85 and over

KCJG
KCKJ

2 626 2 803 2 850 2 875 2 865 2 860 2 877 2 958 4 288 KFCI
739
956
936
942
996 1 055 1 135 1 226 2 032 KFCK

164
45

185
59

187
59

188
60

186
63

186
67

185
72

188
79

283
128

School ages (5-15) KCWX


6 439 6 984 6 960 6 895 6 817 6 719 6 540 6 495 7 375 KFCL
Under 18
KCWY 10 840 11 119 11 089 11 064 11 036 10 997 11 008 11 035 12 130 KFCM
8 827 9 111 9 188 9 273 9 370 9 462 9 839 10 164 11 207 KFEB
Pensionable ages5 KEAA

397
662
573

419
659
589

417
654
595

413
651
602

407
646
608

401
641
615

385
634
639

373
623
661

402
653
728

Males: All ages

660
2 560
3 019
2 865
3 067

KEAB 23 291 24 290 24 419 24 563 24 758 24 926 25 319 25 932 28 952 KFEI 1 391 1 414 1 423 1 432 1 439 1 445 1 461 1 480 1 610

Under 1
1-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19

KEAC
KEAD
KEAE
KEAF
KECA

336
1 307
1 545
1 467
1 572

286
1 182
1 581
1 672
1 607

296
1 163
1 564
1 667
1 654

306
1 159
1 546
1 657
1 679

310
1 172
1 522
1 638
1 691

317
1 196
1 493
1 606
1 720

342
1 260
1 457
1 564
1 712

337
1 347
1 513
1 497
1 642

349
1 400
1 738
1 695
1 720

KFEJ
KFEK
KFEL
KFFA
KFFN

20
78
95
91
95

16
68
94
101
97

16
66
92
101
100

16
65
91
100
102

17
65
90
99
103

17
65
88
97
104

18
68
84
94
104

18
72
84
89
99

18
73
94
93
95

20 - 29
30 - 44
45 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 74

KECB
KECC
KECD
KECE
KECF

3 835
5 064
3 957
1 159
1 900

3 130
5 644
4 673
1 176
1 942

3 126
5 658
4 715
1 197
1 958

3 182
5 639
4 748
1 228
1 972

3 270
5 637
4 791
1 267
1 984

3 349
5 591
4 839
1 320
1 981

3 561
5 475
4 845
1 485
2 035

3 780
5 363
5 051
1 518
2 183

3 569
6 126
5 166
1 738
2 650

KFHA
KFHB
KFHW
KFQO
KFQV

207
289
242
74
128

164
297
285
77
125

166
296
287
79
127

170
295
288
82
128

176
292
290
84
129

181
287
291
87
130

195
276
288
97
135

205
266
293
100
146

188
315
275
104
171

75 - 84
85 and over

KECG
KECH

970 1 128 1 154 1 172 1 179 1 190 1 222 1 290 1 970 KFUK
181
269
267
274
298
324
361
411
832 KFUL

60
11

74
16

75
16

76
17

77
19

77
20

78
23

82
26

132
53

School ages (5-15) KECI


Under 18
KECJ
Pensionable ages5 KECK

3 295 3 580 3 569 3 536 3 497 3 444 3 348 3 323 3 771 KFUV
5 545 5 699 5 686 5 675 5 658 5 638 5 640 5 650 6 207 KFVE
3 050 3 339 3 379 3 419 3 461 3 494 3 617 3 885 5 137 KFVF

204
339
198

215
338
215

214
336
218

212
335
221

209
332
224

206
329
227

198
326
236

192
320
254

206
334
336

Females: All ages

KEJV 24 584 25 362 25 448 25 548 25 708 25 837 26 127 26 645 29 382 KFVL 1 482 1 506 1 508 1 514 1 515 1 521 1 532 1 545 1 653

Under 1
1-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19

KEJW
KEJX
KEKP
KEKQ
KEKR

324
1 253
1 474
1 399
1 495

273
1 131
1 503
1 591
1 508

280
1 112
1 490
1 583
1 549

291
1 103
1 474
1 569
1 582

296
1 117
1 454
1 547
1 606

303
1 139
1 428
1 523
1 615

326
1 201
1 392
1 491
1 619

321
1 285
1 445
1 429
1 557

333
1 336
1 664
1 617
1 634

KFYW
KFZJ
KGCK
KGCM
KGCN

19
75
91
86
91

15
65
89
96
93

15
63
88
95
95

15
62
87
95
97

16
61
85
94
97

16
62
84
92
98

17
65
79
89
99

17
68
79
84
95

17
70
90
89
91

20 - 29
30 - 44
45 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 74

KEKS
KENR
KEOQ
KEOZ
KEQJ

3 816
5 083
3 964
1 239
2 323

3 114
5 703
4 767
1 223
2 187

3 106
5 711
4 808
1 248
2 197

3 133
5 699
4 843
1 280
2 203

3 213
5 682
4 885
1 319
2 206

3 284
5 638
4 938
1 377
2 190

3 414
5 499
4 963
1 554
2 239

3 606
5 348
5 184
1 600
2 388

3 440
5 877
5 226
1 846
2 891

KGCO
KGCP
KGGZ
KGIY
KGKR

208
294
244
80
156

168
313
293
80
140

167
312
295
82
141

170
311
298
84
142

172
307
299
87
142

178
303
301
90
143

189
291
301
100
147

196
278
308
104
157

177
304
290
112
186

75 - 84
85 and over

KEQK
KEQL

1 656 1 676 1 696 1 703 1 686 1 670 1 655 1 668 2 318 KGTQ
558
687
669
667
697
731
774
815 1 200 KGTZ

104
34

111
43

112
42

112
42

110
44

108
47

107
50

106
52

151
76

School ages (5-15) KEQM


Under 18
KEQN
Pensionable ages5 KEQO

3 143 3 404 3 392 3 359 3 320 3 275 3 192 3 172 3 603 KGVG
5 295 5 419 5 403 5 389 5 377 5 358 5 368 5 385 5 924 KGVH
5 777 5 772 5 809 5 854 5 908 5 968 6 222 6 279 6 070 KGVK

194
323
375

204
321
374

203
318
377

201
317
380

198
314
383

195
311
387

187
309
403

181
303
407

196
319
392

32

Population and vital statistics

5.3

Age distribution of the resident population: by sex and country

continued

Thousands
Scotland

Northern Ireland

Estimated mid-year
resident population

Persons: All ages

KGVP

Under 1
1-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19

KHAQ
KHCT
KHDN
KHDQ
KHDT

20 - 29
30 - 44
45 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 74

KHDU
KHDV
KHFK
KHOZ
KHTU

75 - 84
85 and over

KHUO
KHUQ

Projected
population1

Estimated mid-year
resident population

Projected
population1

20013 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2011 2026

20013 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2011 2026

5 064 5 057 5 078 5 095 5 117 5 144 5 169 5 233 5 483 KIOY

1 689 1 703 1 710 1 724 1 742 1 759 1 775 1 815 1 971

KIOZ
KIPA
KIPN
KIPP
KIPQ

22
93
123
132
130

21
89
121
129
133

22
87
120
128
133

23
88
119
126
132

23
89
117
125
131

24
91
115
124
128

26
94
113
123
127

25
101
114
119
124

23
94
123
126
125

630 614 617 630 649 671 689


709
624 KIPR
1 163 1 150 1 140 1 124 1 107 1 086 1 065 1 027 1 068 KIPS
979 1 008 1 025 1 042 1 058 1 060 1 068 1 106 1 010 KIPT
262 265 270 273 280 301 312
331
380 KIPU
447 452 455 457 456 457 463
480
614 KIPV

225
376
290
74
123

221
378
301
78
126

224
378
305
81
127

230
377
310
84
128

239
375
316
87
130

249
374
321
90
132

255
371
327
91
136

263
364
345
94
146

225
394
355
121
192

426 KIPW
193 KIPX

77
23

81
24

82
24

83
25

83
26

84
27

85
28

89
32

132
60

School ages (5-15) KHVV


Under 18
KIMT
Pensionable ages5 KIMU

694 679 672 664 653 642 631


614
642 KIPY
1 098 1 074 1 067 1 059 1 050 1 047 1 046 1 029 1 044 KIQL
944 958 968 975 983 1 001 1 017 1 045 1 161 KIQM

282
451
262

278
443
271

274
437
275

271
435
280

268
432
284

265
432
290

262
433
296

257
433
309

274
442
361

KIMV

2 434 2 435 2 446 2 456 2 469 2 486 2 500 2 537 2 672 KIQN

824

833

836

844

853

862

871

892

975

Males: All ages

52
224
306
323
318

272
89

52
212
294
320
324

281
86

54
210
290
319
328

286
85

54
211
285
315
327

286
91

55
213
279
308
328

287
95

57
218
273
303
330

290
98

60
223
269
298
327

293
100

58
235
273
282
316

305
110

55
226
291
292
303

Under 1
1-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19

KIMW
KIMX
KIMY
KIMZ
KINA

26
115
156
166
161

26
108
151
164
166

28
107
149
163
168

28
107
146
161
168

28
109
143
157
169

29
112
140
155
169

30
115
138
152
168

30
120
139
145
161

28
116
148
149
155

KIQO
KIQP
KIQQ
KIQR
KIQS

11
48
63
68
66

11
46
62
66
68

11
45
62
65
68

12
45
61
64
68

12
46
60
64
67

13
47
59
63
66

13
48
58
63
65

13
52
58
61
64

12
48
63
64
65

20 - 29
30 - 44
45 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 74

KINB
KINC
KIND
KINE
KINR

311
563
483
125
200

306
556
496
126
204

309
550
503
129
207

317
542
511
131
208

328
534
517
135
209

339
524
517
146
210

350
515
520
152
213

361
502
534
161
224

318
540
486
178
288

KIQT
KIQU
KIQV
KIQW
KIRJ

113
185
144
35
56

111
186
149
38
57

112
185
151
39
58

116
185
153
41
59

121
184
156
42
60

126
183
158
44
61

129
183
161
44
63

134
180
170
45
69

118
199
173
58
92

75 - 84
85 and over

KINS
KINT

103
23

108
23

111
23

112
25

113
27

116
29

118
30

126
35

193 KIRK
74 KIRL

30
6

31
7

32
7

32
7

33
8

33
8

34
8

37
10

60
23

School ages (5-15) KINU


Under 18
KINV
Pensionable ages5 KINW

356
562
327

348
550
336

344
546
341

340
543
345

334
538
349

328
536
354

322
535
361

314
527
385

328 KIRM
533 KIRN
520 KIRO

145
231
92

142
227
95

141
225
97

139
223
99

138
222
101

136
222
103

134
222
106

132
222
116

140
226
165

2 630 2 623 2 632 2 639 2 648 2 659 2 668 2 695 2 811 KIRP

865

870

874

880

888

897

904

923

996

Females: All ages

KINX

Under 1
1-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19

KINY
KINZ
KIOA
KIOB
KIOC

26
109
149
157
156

25
104
143
156
158

26
103
141
156
160

26
103
139
154
159

27
104
136
151
160

28
106
134
148
160

29
109
132
145
160

28
115
133
137
155

27
111
142
143
148

KIRQ
KIRR
KIRS
KIRT
KIRU

10
45
60
65
64

10
43
59
63
65

11
42
58
62
65

11
43
58
62
64

11
43
57
61
64

12
44
56
60
62

12
46
55
60
62

12
49
56
58
60

11
46
60
61
61

20 - 29
30 - 44
45 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 74

KIOO
KIOP
KIOQ
KIOR
KIOS

319
600
496
137
246

307
595
512
139
248

308
590
521
141
248

314
583
531
142
249

321
573
541
145
248

332
562
542
155
247

339
550
548
160
250

348
526
572
171
256

306
529
525
202
326

KISH
KISI
KISJ
KISK
KISL

113
191
146
38
68

110
193
152
40
68

111
192
154
42
69

114
192
157
43
69

118
191
160
45
69

123
190
163
46
70

126
188
165
47
72

129
184
176
48
77

108
195
182
63
100

75 - 84
85 and over

KIOT
KIOU

169
66

173
63

175
62

174
65

174
68

174
70

175
71

179
76

234 KISM
119 KISN

47
17

49
17

50
17

50
18

51
18

51
19

51
20

52
22

72
36

School ages (5-15) KIOV


Under 18
KIOW
Pensionable ages5 KIOX

339
536
617

331
524
622

328
520
627

324
516
630

319
512
634

314
511
646

308
510
656

299
502
660

314 KISO
510 KISP
641 KISQ

138
220
170

135
215
175

134
213
178

132
212
181

130
210
183

129
210
187

127
211
190

125
211
193

134
216
197

1 2008-based national population projections . See explanator y notes at beginning of chapter for further details.
2 Data for mid 1991 for UK, England and Wales and Scotland are revised in
light of the results of the 2001 Census.
3 Data for mid-2001 were revised as a result of local authority population
studies.
4 England & Wales population estimates for mid-2003 to mid-2005 were revised in August 2007 to take account of improved estimates of international
migration.
5 The pensionable age population is that over state retirement age. The 2011
gures take account of planned changes in retirement age from 65 for men
and 60 for women at present to 65 for both sexes. This change will be
phased in between April 2010 and March 2020.

Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444661;


General Register Office for Scotland;
General Register Office for Northern Ireland

33

Population and vital statistics

5.4

Marital condition (de jure): estimated population: by age and sex


England and Wales
Thousands
Males
2001

2002

2003

2004

Females
1

2005

2006

2007

2008

2001

2002

2003

20041 20051 20061 20071 20081

All ages:
Single
Married
Widowed
Divorced

KRPL
KRPM
KRPN
KRPO

Age groups:
0 - 14: Single

KRPP

5 036

4 999

4 967

4 941

4 912

4 880

4 872

4 888 KVCF

4 796

4 763

4 726

4 696

4 670

4 648

4 644

4 660

15 - 19: Single
Married
Widowed
Divorced

KRPQ
KRPR
KRPS
KRPT

1 645
5
1
1

1 698
5
1
1

1 749
4
1
1

1 778
3

1 792
2

1 822
2

1 832
2

1 814
2

KVCG
KVCH
KVCI
KVCJ

1 560
16
1
1

1 587
13
1
1

1 631
12
1

1 667
11

1 693
10

1 706
7

1 718
7

1 711
7

20 - 24: Single
Married
Widowed
Divorced

KRPU
KRPV
KRPW
KRPX

1 501
74
1
3

1 530
73
1
3

1 568
74
1
3

1 632
75
1
3

1 693
73
1
3

1 741
67
1
3

1 813
64
1
3

1 855
61
1
2

KVCK
KVCL
KVCM
KVCN

1 390
178
1
8

1 427
170
1
8

1 459
166
1
8

1 491
163
2
8

1 539
157
2
8

1 591
146
1
7

1 637
136
1
6

1 689
126
1
6

25 - 34: Single
Married
Widowed
Divorced

KRPY
KRPZ
KRQA
KRQB

2 227
1 391
3
136

2 229
1 311
3
129

2 230
1 237
3
124

2 245
1 173
3
118

2 292
1 125
3
111

2 343
1 068
2
103

2 383
1 027
2
96

2 452
1 006
3
90

KVCO
KVCP
KVCQ
KVCR

1 770
1 768
10
231

1 788
1 671
9
217

1 811
1 584
8
206

1 846
1 506
7
193

1 906
1 452
7
182

1 961
1 386
7
169

2 000
1 326
7
158

2 046
1 281
6
147

35 - 44: Single
Married
Widowed
Divorced

KRQC
KRQD
KRQE
KRQF

963
2 494
12
411

1 027
2 499
12
420

1 080
2 488
12
427

1 126
2 466
11
433

1 173
2 452
11
436

1 219
2 419
11
431

1 259
2 385
10
422

1 289
2 333
10
407

KVEH
KVEI
KVEJ
KVEK

692
2 649
36
558

749
2 653
35
570

801
2 638
33
579

853
2 623
32
588

903
2 597
31
590

955
2 564
30
585

1 004
2 525
29
574

1 044
2 463
27
555

45 - 54: Single
Married
Widowed
Divorced

KRQG
KUAR
KUBA
KUBB

419
2 511
37
448

432
2 432
35
451

450
2 383
34
461

473
2 356
32
474

499
2 348
31
489

530
2 355
30
504

563
2 365
29
518

601
2 390
29
532

KVEL
KVEM
KVEN
KVEO

256
2 548
111
557

271
2 477
105
565

288
2 428
99
576

310
2 401
96
591

334
2 391
92
609

363
2 398
90
630

397
2 413
87
654

436
2 437
85
676

55 - 59: Single
Married
Widowed
Divorced

KUBC
KUBD
KUBE
KUBF

128
1 156
34
174

141
1 238
36
194

150
1 278
36
208

158
1 288
37
219

164
1 285
37
228

170
1 271
36
234

170
1 201
34
231

171
1 148
32
230

KVEP
KVEQ
KVER
KVES

74
1 125
112
210

81
1 212
115
235

86
1 256
114
255

91
1 271
111
269

96
1 271
109
281

102
1 260
106
290

104
1 197
98
288

108
1 145
91
287

60 - 64: Single
Married
Widowed
Divorced

KUBG
KUBH
KUBI
KUBJ

97
980
50
125

97
977
49
131

100
991
48
138

104
1 013
47
147

108
1 039
47
156

114
1 077
48
168

124
1 150
51
186

134
1 196
52
200

KVET
KVEU
KVEV
KVEW

62
906
178
151

61
910
172
158

62
932
167
169

63
958
163
180

65
988
160
193

69
1 029
159
210

75
1 110
162
234

80
1 158
162
254

65 - 74: Single
Married
Widowed
Divorced

KUBK
KUBL
KUBM
KUBN

155
1 569
188
139

154
1 581
183
148

153
1 595
178
158

152
1 606
174
168

151
1 614
170
178

149
1 610
165
186

150
1 620
162
196

152
1 649
160
208

KMGN
KMGO
KMGP
KMGQ

130
1 322
697
177

126
1 336
675
190

123
1 356
655
204

120
1 373
633
218

117
1 389
611
232

113
1 393
584
243

111
1 410
563
257

111
1 449
550
275

75 and
over: Single
Married
Widowed
Divorced

KUBO
KUBP
KUBQ
KUBR

99
909
407
44

101
928
411
48

103
944
414
51

106
962
417
56

109
984
419
61

111
1 011
422
66

114
1 038
425
71

116
1 064
427
77

KMGR
KMGS
KMGT
KMGU

188
639
1 598
81

182
651
1 597
86

177
661
1 590
90

173
673
1 583
96

169
689
1 576
103

166
709
1 571
110

163
728
1 564
118

160
746
1 553
126

12 270 12 408 12 550 12 714 12 893 13 078 13 279 13 472 KUBS 10 917 11 035 11 167 11 310 11 494 11 673 11 853 12 045
11 090 11 043 10 995 10 941 10 923 10 881 10 851 10 849 KVCC 11 150 11 094 11 033 10 980 10 943 10 893 10 851 10 812
733
730
726
722
719
716
715
713 KVCD
2 745 2 709 2 669 2 628 2 588 2 548 2 511 2 477
1 482 1 524 1 571 1 617 1 662 1 696 1 724 1 746 KVCE
1 975 2 031 2 087 2 144 2 198 2 244 2 289 2 326

1 Mid-2002 to Mid-2008 are revised to include marriages abroad.

34

Source: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444661

Population and vital statistics

5.5

Geographical distribution of the population


Thousands
Population
enumerated in Census
1911

1931

1951

Mid-year
population estimates1
1971

1991

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

United Kingdom

KIUR

42 082 46 074 50 225 55 928 57 439 59 113 59 323 59 557 59 846 60 238 60 587 60 975 61 383

Great Britain

KISR

40 831 44 795 48 854 54 388 55 831 57 424 57 627 57 855 58 136 58 514 58 846 59 216 59 608

England
Standard Regions
Nor th
Yorkshire and Humberside
East Midlands
East Anglia
South East
South West
West Midlands
Nor th West

KKOJ

33 650 37 359 41 159 46 412 47 875 49 450 49 652 49 866 50 111 50 466 50 763 51 092 51 446

KKNA
KKNB
KKNC
KKND
KKNE
KKNF
KKNG
KKNH

2 729 2 938 3 009 3 152


3 896 4 319 4 567 4 902
2 467 2 732 3 118 3 652
1 191 1 231 1 381 1 688
11 613 13 349 14 877 17 125
2 818 2 984 3 479 4 112
3 277 3 743 4 423 5 146
5 659 6 062 6 305 6 634

Government Ofce Regions


Nor th East
Nor th West (including Merseyside)
Yorkshire and The Humber
East Midlands
West Midlands
South West
East of England
London
South East

3 073
4 936
4 011
2 068
17 511
4 688
5 230
6 357

3 028
4 977
4 190
2 181
18 566
4 943
5 281
6 285

3 029
5 002
4 222
2 195
18 646
4 973
5 295
6 290

3 033
5 028
4 254
2 220
18 706
5 005
5 312
6 309

3 037
5 064
4 291
2 242
18 783
5 042
5 327
6 325

3 045
5 108
4 328
2 268
18 936
5 087
5 351
6 344

3 052
5 142
4 364
2 287
19 069
5 124
5 367
6 357

3 061
5 177
4 400
2 311
19 216
5 178
5 382
6 367

3 072
5 213
4 433
2 335
19 393
5 209
5 411
6 379

2 587
6 843
4 936
4 011
5 230
4 688
5 121
6 829
7 629

2 540
6 773
4 977
4 190
5 281
4 943
5 400
7 322
8 023

2 541
6 778
5 002
4 222
5 295
4 973
5 433
7 362
8 047

2 541
6 800
5 028
4 254
5 312
5 005
5 475
7 364
8 087

2 542
6 820
5 064
4 291
5 327
5 042
5 511
7 389
8 125

2 550
6 840
5 108
4 328
5 351
5 087
5 563
7 456
8 185

2 556
6 853
5 142
4 364
5 367
5 124
5 607
7 512
8 238

2 564
6 864
5 177
4 400
5 382
5 178
5 661
7 557
8 309

2 575
6 876
5 213
4 433
5 411
5 209
5 729
7 620
8 380

JZBU
JZBV
JZBX
JZBY
JZBZ
JZCA
JZCB
JZCC
JZCD

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Wales
Scotland
Northern Ireland4

KKNI
KGJB
KGJC

2 421
4 761
1 251

2 593
4 843
1 280

2 599 2 740 2 873 2 910 2 920 2 931 2 946 2 954 2 966 2 980 2 993
5 096 5 236 5 083 5 064 5 055 5 057 5 078 5 095 5 117 5 144 5 169
1 371 1 540 1 607 1 689 1 697 1 703 1 710 1 724 1 742 1 759 1 775

Greater London
Inner London2
Outer London2

KKNJ
KISS
KITF

7 161
4 998
2 162

8 110
4 893
3 217

8 197 7 529 6 829 7 322 7 362 7 364 7 389 7 456 7 512 7 557 7 620
3 679 3 060 2 599 2 859 2 886 2 891 2 907 2 944 2 973 3 000 3 030
4 518 4 470 4 230 4 463 4 475 4 473 4 482 4 512 4 539 4 557 4 590

Metropolitan areas of England and Wales


Tyne and Wear
West Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
West Midlands
Greater Manchester
Merseyside

KITG
KGJN
KGJP
KGJO
KGJQ
KGJR
KGJS

9 716 10 770 11 365 11 862 11 085 10 888


1 105 1 201 1 201 1 218 1 124 1 087
1 852 1 939 1 985 2 090 2 062 2 083
963 1 173 1 253 1 331 1 289 1 266
1 780 2 143 2 547 2 811 2 619 2 568
2 638 2 727 2 716 2 750 2 554 2 516
1 378 1 587 1 663 1 662 1 438 1 368

KITH
KGJT
KGJX
KGJV
KGKF
KGKJ
KGKM
KITI

3 154
267
446
455
526
714
746
6 562

Principal Metropolitan Cities2


Newcastle
Leeds
Shefeld
Birmingham
Manchester
Liverpool
Other metropolitan districts2
Non-metropolitan districts of England and Wales
Non-metropolitan cities2,3
Incl. Kingston-upon-Hull
Leicester
Nottingham
Bristol
Plymouth
Stoke-on-Trent
Cardiff
Newpor t
Industrial districts2,3
New Towns2,3
Resor t, por t and retirement districts2,3
Urban and mixed urban/rural districts2,3
Remoter, mainly rural districts2,3

KITJ
KITK
KKNZ
KKOA
KKNX
KKNV
KITL
KKOD
KKOB
IFX3
KITM
KITN
KITO
KITP
KITQ

City of Edinburgh local government district


City of Glasgow local government district
Belfast4

KGKU
KGKT
KGKV

3 906
286
483
512
1 003
766
856
6 864

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

2 679
7 108
4 902
3 652
5 146
4 112
4 454
7 529
6 830

10 907
1 087
2 094
1 270
2 574
2 518
1 364

10 930
1 085
2 103
1 273
2 578
2 528
1 362

10 956
1 083
2 119
1 279
2 582
2 534
1 359

11 010
1 086
2 142
1 288
2 594
2 543
1 357

11 049
1 088
2 161
1 293
2 600
2 554
1 354

11 086
1 089
2 181
1 299
2 604
2 562
1 350

11 141
1 093
2 201
1 306
2 620
2 573
1 348

3 915 3 910 3 415 3 344 3 356 3 364 3 382 3 417 3 441 3 467 3 495
292
312
275
266
267
267
267
270
270
272
274
505
749
707
716
720
723
729
741
750
761
771
513
579
520
513
514
513
517
522
526
530
534
1 113 1 107 1 005
985
989
992
996 1 003 1 007 1 010 1 017
703
554
433
423
426
431
436
445
452
458
464
789
610
476
442
441
439
437
437
436
435
435
7 450 7 952 7 670 7 544 7 551 7 565 7 574 7 593 7 608 7 619 7 646

19 194 21 072 24 196 29 761 32 834 31 239 31 383 31 572 31 766 32 000 32 201 32 449 32 685
..

4 715
..

..
..
..
278
314
299
288
263
250
250
251
253
255
256
257
259
227
239
285
285
281
283
282
282
283
286
290
293
295
260
269
308
302
279
269
272
275
279
283
286
289
292
357
397
443
433
392
390
391
394
397
406
410
416
421
207
215
225
249
251
241
242
242
244
246
248
251
253
235
277
275
265
249
240
239
239
239
239
240
239
240
182
224
244
291
297
310
311
310
312
314
318
321
325
84
89
106
137
135
138
139
139
139
140
140
140
141
..

6 486
..

..
..

1 895
..

..
..

3 184

..
..

8 821

..
..

4 661

..
320
784
387

439
1 088
438

1 Mid-2002 to mid-2005 population estimates for the UK and England &


Wales have been updated to include the latest revised estimates that take
into account improved estimates of international migration.
2 Details of the classication by broad area type are given in recent issues of
the ONS annual reference volume Key Population and Vital Statistics; local
and health authority areas (Series VS). The ten broad area types include all
local authorities in England and Wales.
3 The breakdown of non-metropolitan districts by area type has not been provided from mid-2001 onwards. This is because the effect of boundary
changes due to the major local government reorganisation on 1 April 1995
and 1 April 1996 (particularly in Wales) make the comparison of 2001 data
with data for earlier years invalid.

467
1 090
444

478
983

436
629
293

449
579
277

448
577
274

448
577
272

455
578
269

458
579
268

464
581
267

468
582
268

472
584
268

4 1931 gures shown for Northern Ireland and the City of Belfast relate to the
1937 Census.
Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 813318;
General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

35

Population and vital statistics

5.6

Population: by ethnic group and age, January - December 2007


United Kingdom
Percentages and thousands
All ages
(=100%)
(thousands)

0 to 4

5 to 9

10 to 14

15 to 19

20 to 24

25 to 29

30 to 34

35 to 44

45 to 59

60 to 74

75 and
over

6
5

5
4

6
4

6
4

6
9

6
13

6
11

15
17

20
17

16
12

8
6

49 139
3 188

Mixed
White and Black Caribbean
White and Black African
White and Asian
Other Mixed

21
24
22
15

16
16
17
12

16
11
11
10

14
9
13
11

9
9
8
9

6
5
7
10

4
5
5
8

8
10
8
13

4
8
5
7

1
2
2
3

1
0
1
1

241
98
187
151

Asian
Indian
Pakistani
Bangladeshi
Other Asian

7
13
14
8

6
11
10
7

6
9
10
6

7
9
7
7

8
9
10
8

11
10
11
11

11
9
12
12

15
15
13
19

18
10
8
15

9
4
4
5

3
1
1
2

1 245
995
364
501

Black
Black Caribbean
Black African
Black Other

6
13
15

7
10
9

6
9
11

7
9
8

7
7
9

5
9
8

6
10
5

20
19
18

20
11
10

10
3
6

5
0
1

618
829
83

Chinese
Other

4
8

4
6

3
6

7
7

16
10

14
12

11
11

16
19

19
14

4
5

2
2

255
903

All2

15

19

14

60 554

White1
British
Other

1 Respondents in Northern Ireland who state that their ethnicity is white are
not asked this question.

5.7

2 Includes those who did not state their ethnic origin and those in Northern Ireland who stated that their ethnicity was white.
Source: Office for National Statistics, Annual Population Survey

Total international migration estimates: citizenship1,2


United Kingdom
Thousands3

Citizenship by countr y of next or last residence


Commonwealth
All citizenships

British

Non-British

European
Union4

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

C58E
479
479
513
508
586

C58H
99
110
97
99
88

C58K
379
370
416
409
498

C58N
63
57
59
64
128

C58Q
56
65
63
62
73

C58T
91
84
92
105
141

C58W
169
164
201
177
155

2005
2006
2007

563
591
577

96
81
75

466
510
502

149
167
197

62
62
45

117
139
130

137
142
131

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

C58F
321
306
358
361
342

C58I
161
158
185
191
195

C58L
160
149
174
171
147

C58O
57
49
52
50
42

C58R
32
32
42
42
33

C58U
15
19
16
17
19

C58X
55
49
64
62
52

2005
2006
2007

359
400
340

185
207
171

174
194
169

54
66
68

37
42
31

23
24
26

59
61
43

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

C58G
158
173
154
147
244

C58J
62
48
87
91
107

C58M
220
221
242
238
351

C58P
6
8
7
14
85

C58S
24
33
21
20
40

C58V
76
65
77
88
122

C58Y
114
115
137
115
104

2005
2006
2007

204
191
237

89
126
96

293
316
333

95
100
128

25
20
13

94
115
103

78
81
88

Old

New5

Other foreign6

Inflow

Outflow

Balance

1 The1998-2005 were revised, following changes to the weightings used to


gross up the IPS data, in November 2007. Therefore they may not agree
with previously published estimates.
2 Based mainly on data from the IPS. Includes adjustments for (1) those
whose intended length of stay changes so that their migrant status
changes; (2) asylum seekers and their dependants not identied by the
IPS; and (3) ows between the UK and the Republic of Ireland.
3 Estimates of international migration ows are shown rounded to the nearest
thousand, rather than nearest hundred, as they are considered less reliable
at the more detailed level.

36

4 European Union estimates are for the EU15 (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Por tugal, Spain and Sweden) from 1998- 2003, EU25 (EU15 and
Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland,Cyprus,
Slovakia and Slovenia). from 2004-2006, and for the EU27 (EU25 plus Bulgaria and Romania) from 2007. British citizens are excluded from all EU citizenship groupings and are shown separately.
5 For 2004 onwards, the New Commonwealth excludes Malta and Cyprus.
6 For 2004 onwards, Other foreign excludes the eight Central and Eastern European member states that joined the EU in May 2004. For 2007 other foreign
excludes Bulgaria and Romania which joined the EU in January 2007.
Source: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444645

Population and vital statistics

5.8

Estimates of migration into and out of the United Kingdom by usual


occupation1,2 and sex
Thousands
Total

Professional and managerial

Not gainfully employed3

Manual and clerical

Persons

Males

Females

Persons

Males

Females

Persons

Males

Females

Persons

Males

Females

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

KGOA
255
207
204
243
235

KGOB
117
95
97
121
125

KGOC
138
112
108
121
111

KGOD
76
59
63
79
83

KGOE
47
37
40
47
55

KGOF
28
22
23
32
28

KGOG
53
42
41
54
44

KGOH
22
16
20
30
19

KGOI
31
26
21
24
25

KGOJ
127
106
100
110
108

KGOK
48
42
37
44
51

KGOL
79
65
63
65
57

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

261
273
318
354
359

124
137
160
181
188

137
136
158
173
171

86
89
112
131
162

51
57
65
77
98

35
33
47
54
64

55
42
71
75
64

24
23
35
40
33

31
19
35
35
31

120
141
136
148
133

50
57
60
63
57

71
84
76
84
76

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

372
386
427
518
496

187
200
211
261
273

185
186
215
257
223

138
139
146
175
168

77
78
76
102
97

62
62
71
73
71

77
83
92
132
145

39
45
46
66
90

38
38
46
65
55

157
163
189
212
184

72
77
90
92
86

85
87
99
119
98

2006
2007

529
527

280
286

249
241

154
168

82
99

72
69

136
136

79
79

57
57

239
223

120
108

119
115

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

KGPA
247
235
223
197
198

KGPB
124
117
117
96
105

KGPC
123
118
106
102
93

KGPD
87
85
73
57
64

KGPE
50
51
39
33
43

KGPF
37
33
33
24
21

KGPG
51
49
46
50
43

KGPH
29
24
25
24
23

KGPI
21
25
21
26
20

KGPJ
110
101
105
90
91

KGPK
46
41
53
38
39

KGPL
64
60
52
52
52

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

223
232
206
245
278

109
125
103
132
154

114
107
103
114
124

87
88
82
97
128

54
59
48
60
80

32
29
34
38
48

48
50
42
69
59

23
23
22
32
36

24
26
21
37
23

89
94
82
79
90

31
43
33
41
37

58
51
48
39
53

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

250
305
314
310
328

135
161
165
152
187

115
144
149
158
141

102
123
108
114
137

66
79
60
65
88

36
45
49
49
50

60
80
103
73
83

30
40
59
40
47

30
40
44
33
37

88
102
102
123
108

39
42
46
47
53

49
59
57
76
55

2006
2007

369
318

208
178

162
139

125
112

77
65

48
48

119
101

73
60

46
42

126
104

58
54

68
50

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

KGRA
8
28
19
45
37

KGRB
7
22
20
26
19

KGRC
16
6
2
20
18

KGRD
11
26
9
22
18

KGRE
3
14

14
11

KGRF
8
12
10
8
7

KGRG
2
7
5
4
1

KGRH
8
8
5
6
4

KGRI
10
1

2
6

KGRJ
17
5
4
20
17

KGRK
3

15
6
12

KGRL
14
5
11
13
5

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

37
40
113
109
82

15
12
57
49
35

22
29
55
60
47

1
1
30
34
34

3
2
17
18
18

2
3
13
16
16

7
7
28
6
5

1
13
8
3

7
7
15
2
8

31
47
54
69
43

18
14
27
23
20

13
33
27
46
23

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

122
81
113
208
168

52
39
47
109
86

70
42
67
99
82

36
16
38
61
31

11
1
16
37
9

25
17
22
24
21

17
3
11
58
61

9
5
13
26
43

8
2
2
32
18

70
62
86
89
76

33
34
44
45
34

36
27
42
43
43

2006
2007

160
209

72
108

87
101

29
55

5
34

24
21

17
34

6
19

11
15

113
119

62
54

51
65

Inflow

Outflow

Balance

1 See chapter text.


2 The 1991-2005 estimates were revised, following changes to the weightings used to gross up the IPS data, in November 2007. Therefore the above
gures may not agree with estimates published before then.
3 Includes housewives, students, children and retired persons.

Source: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444645

37

Population and vital statistics

5.9

Estimates of migration into and out of the United Kingdom1 by citizenship


and country of last or next residence
Thousands
1

All citizens
All
residences
Total

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

European Union citizens


(excluding British)

British citizens

Total

European
Union1

Old Commonwealth

New Commonwealth2

United
States of
America

Other
countries3

Total

European
Union1

Other
Europe3

Other
countries4

KEZR
255
207
204
243
235

KGLA
110
94
86
111
86

KGLB
38
46
31
44
31

KGLC
27
19
21
20
15

KGLD
19
10
13
14
12

KGLE
9
8
9
15
12

KGLF
16
11
12
18
16

KGLG
33
25
26
31
42

KGLH
30
23
23
28
37

KGLI

KGLJ
3
2
2
3
5

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

261
273
318
354
359

97
90
104
115
99

32
34
28
30
28

19
20
29
37
29

16
11
15
15
14

13
7
16
13
8

18
18
17
20
20

55
62
70
59
59

50
57
64
54
52

4
4
5
5
6

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

372
386
427
518
496

110
97
99
84
91

26
30
37
21
35

34
23
25
23
24

18
10
11
15
14

10
9
10
9
8

22
25
15
16
11

53
55
61
106
118

50
50
54
99
110

2
1

3
3
6
6
7

2006
2007

529
527

77
71

32
25

16
18

7
9

4
5

18
15

136
172

129
161

1
4

7
6

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

KEZS
247
235
223
197
198

KGMA
141
137
130
111
122

KGMB
47
45
45
35
39

KGMC
43
35
35
29
35

KGMD
16
13
12
11
10

KGME
13
17
17
15
18

KGMF
22
27
21
21
20

KGMG
32
17
24
23
20

KGMH
23
14
21
19
16

KGMI
2.0

KGMJ
6
3
3
4
4

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

223
232
206
245
278

143
135
114
115
141

53
41
37
37
41

38
38
36
41
48

16
13
8
8
9

16
16
15
14
19

20
27
19
14
24

24
32
26
47
46

18
27
21
41
39

1.0
1.0

1.0

6
4
4
6
6

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

250
305
314
310
328

133
164
170
184
174

41
68
71
68
74

47
44
55
62
62

7
10
9
12
6

15
18
13
16
10

22
24
22
27
22

40
42
42
34
47

34
38
33
30
42

1.0

3.0
1.0
1.0

5
4
5
3
4

2006
2007

369
318

196
159

71
54

69
60

10
7

16
12

30
27

59
65

52
57

2.0

7
5

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

KEZT
8
28
19
45
37

KGNA
30
43
44

36

KGNB
8
1
14
10
8

KGNC
16
16
14
10
21

KGND
3
3
1
2
2

KGNE
3
9
8

KGNF
5
16
9
3
4

KGNG

8
2
8
22

KGNH
6
10
3
10
22

KGNI
2

KGNJ
3
1

2
1

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

37
40
113
109
82

46
45
10

42

21
7
10
8
14

20
18
6
4
19

2
7
7
6

3
9
1
2
11

3
9
2
6
3

31
30
44
12
13

32
30
43
13
14

1
1
1

1
1
1
1

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

122
81
113
208
168

23
66
70
100
83

15
37
34
47
39

13
21
29
39
38

11

2
3
8

5
9
2
7
2

1
7
11
12

13
13
19
72
72

16
11
21
69
67

1
2
3
1
1

2
1
1
3
3

2006
2007

160
209

119
88

39
29

53
42

3
2

12
7

12
12

78
107

78
104

1
2

Inflow

Outflow

Balance

The 1991-2005 estimates were revised following changes to the weightings used to gross up the IPS data, in November 2007. Therefore the above
gures may not agree with previous estimates published before then.
1 EU estimates are for the EU15 (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, the Irish Republic, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Por tugal, Spain and Sweden) from 1991-2003, EU25 (EU15 and A8
groupings plus Malta and Cyprus) form 2004 -2006 and for the EU27
(EU25 plus Bulgaria and Romania) from 2007.

38

2 From 2004 onwards, the New Commonwealth excludes Malta and Cyprus.
3 From 2004 onwards these categories exclude the A8 Central and Eastern
countries that joined the EU in 2004. From 2007 these categories exclude the
A2 countries (Bulgaria and Romania) that joined the EU in 2007.
4 From 2004 onwards Other countries excludes Malta and cyprus.

Population and vital statistics

5.9

Estimates of migration into and out of the United Kingdom1 by citizenship


and country of last or next residence

continued

Thousands
1

Commonwealth citizens

Other foreign citizens


Other
African
Commonwealth

Other
countries

Canada

New
Zealand

South
Africa

Indian2
subcontinent

KGLL
11
9
10
9
12

KGLM
4
2
3
2
5

KGLN
6
6
5
6
6

KTDK
1

2
1
2

IBH3
16
12
13
10
11

KGLQ
8
6
5
8
4

59
75
88
101
113

14
14
24
27
22

3
5
5
2
6

7
7
13
12
11

4
5
11
12
13

15
20
13
22
30

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

120
121
142
204
172

30
20
21
24
22

4
4
5
5
4

9
9
7
8
11

13
20
20
30
23

2006
2007

193
169

29
16

6
4

8
8

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

KGMK
33
28
32
28
27

KGML
7
6
8
6
6

KGMM
4
2
2
2
1

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

29
36
30
38
43

8
7
9
11
12

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

44
52
53
50
59

2006
2007

Total

European
Union4

Other
Europe5

United
States of
America

Other
countries

IBH4
15
13
10
13
16

KGLU
51
41
44
52
52

KGLV
6
2
2
5
2

KGLW
7
7
11
14
10

KGLX
14
9
11
11
11

KGLY
26
23
19
22
29

6
6
10
14
13

11
20
12
12
18

49
45
56
79
89

4
3
2

7
7
7
18
11

15
11
18
15
13

27
27
27
43
63

31
33
46
77
74

17
22
24
38
24

17
11
18
21
13

89
113
124
125
115

1
2
2
1
3

13
11
22
12
13

12
16
17
14
14

63
84
84
98
85

16
13

95
89

17
17

21
21

122
115

9
5

13
11

15
15

86
84

KGMN
5
5
4
4
4

KTDL

1
1
1
2

IBH5
4
3
4
4
2

KGMQ
3
3
4
2
2

IBH7
10
8
8
9
10

KGMU
41
53
38
35
30

KGMV
2
1
2
1

KGMW
3
12
3
10
5

KGMX
17
20
17
8
9

KGMY
20
21
16
16
16

2
1
1
2
3

3
5
3
6
8

2
5
4
4
5

3
4
3
2
3

2
2
2
1
2

10
13
7
11
10

27
29
35
45
48

1
3
2

7
5
7
9
11

5
9
9
14
9

14
13
18
21
24

15
18
19
17
15

3
6
2
4
4

6
9
8
5
8

5
5
9
7
9

4
5
5
4
13

2
2
2
3
2

9
7
8
12
7

33
47
48
42
49

1
2
2
5
1

9
12
12
2
7

7
16
8
8
14

16
18
26
28
28

65
56

17
17

5
2

7
5

13
9

11
15

3
3

8
6

50
37

3
4

7
5

11
6

29
23

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

KGNK
28
19
16
20
29

KGNL
5
3
2
3
5

KGNM

1
1
4

KGNN
2
1
1
2
2

KTDM
1
1
1

IBH6
12
9
8
5
9

KGNQ
5
3
2
6
2

IBH8
5
4
2
3
6

KGNU
10
13
7
17
22

KGNV
4
1

4
2

KGNW
4
5
9
4
5

KGNX
3
11
5
3
2

KGNY
6
2
3
7
13

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

30
39
59
63
70

7
7
15
16
10

1
4
3

4
2
10
5
2

2
1
7
8
9

12
16
10
20
26

4
4
8
13
10

1
7
6
1
8

22
16
21
34
41

1
2
2
3
1

2
1
8

10
3
9
2
4

13
14
9
21
38

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

76
69
89
153
113

15
2
2
7
7

1
1
3
1
1

1
3
3

8
15
11
23
14

27
29
41
74
61

14
21
23
35
22

8
4
10
10
7

56
66
76
83
66

1
4
2

3
1
10
10
7

9
7
1

47
66
57
71
57

2006
2007

128
112

13

2
2

1
4

3
4

84
74

14
14

12
15

72
78

5
1

6
6

4
10

57
61

Total

Australia

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995

KGLK
61
47
48
48
56

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

Inflow

Outflow

Balance

The 1991 - 2005 estimates were revised following changes to the weightings used to gross up the IPS data, in November 2007. Therefore the above
data may not agree with previous estimates published before then.
1 From 2004 onwards, the Commonwealth excludes Malta and Cyprus.
2 Indian sub-contitent consists of Bangladesh, India, Sir Lanka and Pakistan.
3 From 2004 onwards Other foreign citizens excludes the A8 Central and
Eastern European countries (Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia,
Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia) that joined the EU in 2004. From
2007 Other foreign citizens exlcudes the A2 countries (Bulagria and Romania) that joined the EU in 2007.

4 European Union estimates are for the EU15 ( Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, the Irish Republic, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Por tugal, Spain and Sweden) from 1991-2003, EU25 (EU15 and A8
groupings plus Malta and Cyprus) from 2004-2006 and for the EU27 (EU25
plus Bulgaria and Romania) from 2007.
5 From 2004 onwards Other Europe excludes the 8 Central and Eastern
European countries that joined the EU in 2004. From 2007 these categories
exclude the A2 countries that joined the EU in 2007.
Source: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444645

39

Population and vital statistics

5.10

Grants of settlement by country of nationality1,2


United Kingdom
Number of persons
2006

2007

Geographical region and


country of nationality
_____________________
Grand Total

KGFA

134 445

124 855

148 740

KGFW
KGGB

4 250
1 610

..
..

..
..

Total Accession States

EL2O

5 860

..

..

Remainder of Europe
Albania
Croatia
Russia
Serbia & Montenegro3
Turkey
Ukraine
Other former USSR
Other former Yugoslavia
Other Europe

I4UK
LQMA
LQLX
LQMC
KGFT
LQLY
LQLZ
LQMD
KOSO

1 185
180
1 375
2 070
3 040
850
630
290
110

1 220
175
1 310
1 400
2 545
865
855
225
65

1 250
175
1 255
1 520
3 670
845
935
270
35

Total Remainder of Europe

EL2P

9 715

8 660

9 955

Total Europe1

KOSP

15 580

8 660

9 955

KGGF
KGGG
KGGH
KGGI
KGGJ
KGGK
KGGM
KGGN
KGGO
KGGP
KGGQ
KGGR
KGGT
KOSR

125
130
850
1 125
105
855
165
2 900
220
200
375
3 845
145
1 055

155
80
865
1 015
80
590
140
2 440
185
145
405
3 310
150
885

170
95
940
1 190
65
655
350
2 750
240
150
505
3 335
140
995

KGGU

12 085

10 435

11 585

KGGV
KOSS
KOST
KGGW
KGGX
KGGY
KGHA
KGHB
KGHC
KGHD
KGHE
KGHF
KGHG
KGHH
KGHI
KGHJ
KGHK

735
965
1 345
510
505
2 870
1 670
260
675
390
4 440
1 145
2 125
5 665
400
480
195

750
1 590
2 055
485
635
2 560
1 575
185
715
360
3 965
725
2 845
5 805
365
360
175

905
640
1 845
630
640
3 885
1 890
305
1 035
420
5 145
905
2 425
6 955
425
495
220

Americas
Argentina
Barbados
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Guyana
Jamaica
Mexico
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
USA
Venezuela
Other Americas
Total Americas
Africa
Algeria
Angola
Congo (Dem. Rep.)4
Egypt
Ethiopia
Ghana
Kenya
Libya
Mauritius
Morocco
Nigeria
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Tanzania
Tunisia

20077

20088

KGHL
KGHM
KGHN
KOSU

670
460
3 415
3 320

530
495
4 280
3 595

665
1 000
6 330
3 630

KGHO

32 240

34 050

40 395

KGHP
KGHQ
KGHR

2 850
11 190
10 960

3 330
14 865
10 825

4 325
22 880
12 595

Total Indian sub-continent

KGHS

25 005

29 020

39 800

Middle East
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Saudi Arabia
Syria
Yemen
Other Middle East

KGHT
KGHU
KGHV
KGHW
KGHX
KGHY
KGHZ
KGIA
KOSV
KOSW

1 035
7 285
340
150
20
265
60
220
315
110

1 755
7 020
370
150
20
450
30
200
325
330

1 470
4 170
420
205
15
380
40
325
305
370

Total Middle East

KGIB

9 795

10 655

7 700

Remainder of Asia
Afghanistan
China5
Hong Kong6
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Nepal
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Thailand
Other Asia

I4UL
KGIC
KOSX
KGID
KGIE
KGIF
I4UM
KGIG
KGIH
KOTE
KGII
KGIJ
KOSZ

7 395
3 320
1 060
250
1 255
1 785
6 940
6 315
205
620
3 080
2 425
600

3 165
3 440
785
225
925
1 635
4 155
8 485
240
565
2 440
1 605
625

2 915
6 890
1 040
230
915
2 190
2 920
11 290
240
740
3 315
1 740
675

Total Remainder of Asia

KGIL

35 245

28 280

35 100

Total Asia

KGIM

70 045

67 955

82 605

KGIN
KGIO
KOTA

2 645
1 405
165

2 215
1 280
125

2 620
1 335
80

Total Oceania

KGIP

4 215

3 615

4 040

British Overseas citizens


Nationality unknown

KGIQ
KGIS

60
220

35
100

25
135

KGFA

134 445

124 855

148 740

Geographical region and


country of nationality
___________________

Europe1
Accession States
Bulgaria
Romania

2006

2008

1 Members of the European Economic Area prior to 2005 and Swiss nationals are excluded throughout the period covered.
2 Data also excludes dependants of EEA and Swiss nationals in conrmed
relationships granted permanent residence.
3 Serbia and Montenegro continue to be counted together due to the use of a
single (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) passport.

Africa (continued)
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Total Africa
Asia
Indian sub-continent
Bangladesh
India
Pakistan

Oceania
Australia
New Zealand
Other Oceania

Grand Total

4 Formerly known as Zaire.


5 Includes Taiwan.
6 Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region of China) includes British overseas
territories citizens and stateless persons from Hong Kong and British Nationals
(overseas).
7 Excludes nationals of Bulgaria and Romania from 1 January 2007.
8 Provisional.
Source: Home Office: 020 8760 8291

40

Population and vital statistics

5.11

Applications1

received for asylum in the United Kingdom, excluding dependants,


by country of nationality - 2000 to 2008
Number of principal applicants
2

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

20085

Europe
Albania
Macedonia
Moldova
Russia
Serbia & Montenegro3
Turkey
Ukraine
E U Accession States4
Other Former USSR
Other Europe

LQME
PTDW
VQHP
ZAEQ
ZAFA
KEAW
ZAER
GH5T
ZAES
ZAEU

1 490
65
235
1 000
6 070
3 990
770
5 985
1 050
2 230

1 065
755
425
450
3 230
3 695
445
3 455
485
210

1 150
310
820
295
2 265
2 835
365
4 455
615
130

595
60
380
280
815
2 390
300
875
520
70

295
15
170
190
290
1 230
120
370
315
35

175
5
115
130
155
755
55
130
265
30

155

45
115
70
425
50
95
220
35

165
25
30
80
..
210
40
25
155
95

160

20
50
..
195
30
5
180
95

Total Europe

KEAZ

22 880

14 215

13 235

6 295

3 025

1 810

1 210

825

740

Americas
Colombia
Ecuador
Jamaica
Other Americas

KEBZ
KYDB
PTDX
PTDY

505
445
310
155

365
255
525
170

420
315
1 310
240

220
150
965
230

120
35
455
130

70
10
325
100

60
15
215
95

30
10
240
115

25
15
240
130

Total Americas

KECT

1 420

1 315

2 290

1 560

740

505

385

390

405

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Burundi
Cameroon
Congo
Dem. Rep. Congo
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gambia
Ghana
Ivory Coast
Kenya
Liberia
Libya
Nigeria
Rwanda
Sierra Leone
Somalia
Sudan
Tanzania
Uganda
Zimbabwe
Africa

KOTB
KECU
PTDZ
VQHU
PTEA
KEEH
PTEC
KECW
DMMA
KECX
DMLZ
KOTC
C53K
GH5U
KECY
ZAEV
KOTD
KECZ
KEEE
DMMC
KEEG
GRFS
PTEB

1 635
800
620
355
485
1 030
505
415
50
285
445
455
55
155
835
760
1 330
5 020
415
60
740
1 010
720

1 140
1 015
610
380
540
1 370
620
610
65
190
275
305
115
140
810
530
1 940
6 420
390
80
480
2 140
665

1 060
1 420
700
615
600
2 215
1 180
700
130
275
315
350
450
200
1 125
655
1 155
6 540
655
40
715
7 655
970

550
850
650
505
320
1 540
950
640
95
325
390
220
740
145
1 010
260
380
5 090
930
30
705
3 295
985

490
400
265
360
150
1 475
1 105
540
100
355
280
145
405
160
1 090
75
230
2 585
1 305
20
405
2 065
1 050

255
145
90
290
65
1 080
1 760
385
90
230
210
100
175
125
1 025
40
135
1 760
885
20
205
1 075
735

225
95
35
260
45
570
2 585
200
110
130
170
95
50
90
790
20
125
1 845
670
15
165
1 650
555

260
95
25
160
25
370
1 810
90
100
120
100
115
40
45
780
15
85
1 615
330
20
130
1 800
510

345
80
15
115
25
335
2 255
130
125
140
70
150
20
45
820
20
55
1 345
265
25
130
3 165
600

Total Africa

KEEJ

18 185

20 840

29 710

20 605

15 045

10 885

10 500

8 630

10 270

Middle East
Iran
Iraq
Syria
Other Middle East

KEEK
KEEL
GH5V
ZAEX

5 610
7 475
140
930

3 420
6 680
110
810

2 630
14 570
70
725

2 875
4 015
110
735

3 455
1 695
350
730

3 150
1 415
330
595

2 375
945
160
660

2 210
1 825
155
755

2 270
1 850
155
620

Total Middle East

KEGY

14 150

11 020

17 990

7 740

6 225

5 490

4 140

4 940

4 895

Asia & Oceania


Afghanistan
Bangladesh
China (exc Taiwan)
India
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Vietnam
Other Asia & Oceania

DMLY
ZAEY
KEGZ
KEIL
KEIM
KEIN
VQIB
PTEE

5 555
795
4 000
2 120
3 165
6 395
180
1 025

8 920
510
2 390
1 850
2 860
5 510
400
1 040

7 205
720
3 675
1 865
2 405
3 130
840
910

2 280
735
3 450
2 290
1 915
705
1 125
650

1 395
510
2 365
1 405
1 710
330
755
375

1 580
425
1 730
940
1 145
395
380
320

2 400
440
1 945
680
965
525
90
275

2 500
540
2 100
510
1 030
990
165
740

3 505
455
1 400
715
1 230
1 475
230
535

Total Asia & Oceania

KEJO

23 230

23 480

20 755

13 150

8 850

6 915

7 315

8 570

9 550

Other and Nationality not known

KEJP

450

160

150

55

70

105

55

75

75

Grand Total

KEJQ

80 315

71 025

84 130

49 405

33 960

25 710

23 610

23 430

25 930

1 Figures rounded to the nearest 5 (- =0,1 or 2, .. = not available/ applicable).


2 May exclude some cases lodged at Local Enforcement Ofces between
January 1999 and March 2000.
3 Serbia (Inc Kosovo) and Montenegro counted separately under Other Europe from 2007.
4 EU Accession States: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary,
Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Figures
between 1998 and 2000 exclude Malta but include Cyprus (Northerm par t
of).
5 Provisional gures.

Sources: Home Office: 020 7035 4848;


Migrationstatsenquiries@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

41

Population and vital statistics

5.12

Marriages: by previous marital status, sex, age and country


Numbers
1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

United Kingdom
Marriages

KKAA

310 218

304 797

301 083

305 912

286 129

293 021

308 623

313 551

286 826

277 611

273 920

Persons marrying per


1,000 resident
population

KKAB

10.6

10.4

10.3

10.4

9.7

9.9

10.4

10.5

9.5

9.2

9.0

KKAC
KKAD
KKAE
KKAF
KKAG
KKAH

216 237
85 625
8 356
216 776
85 648
7 794

214 005
82 977
7 815
215 399
82 016
7 382

211 820
81 750
7 513
213 246
80 816
7 021

213 777
84 771
7 364
215 865
83 166
6 881

202 690
76 852
6 587
205 048
74 807
6 274

206 196
80 040
6 785
208 385
78 182
6 454

217 534
84 011
7 078
219 828
82 181
6 614

221 477
85 210
6 864
224 344
82 559
6 648

201 791
78 537
6 498
205 569
75 120
6 137

197 137
74 262
6 212
201 384
70 256
5 971

196 800
71 101
6 019
200 518
67 676
5 726

KMGH

181 135

180 404

178 759

180 020

171 912

174 374

184 661

188 517

173 123

170 410

171 085

Previous marital status


Single men1
Divorced men
Widowers
Single women1
Divorced women
Widows
First marriage for
both partners
First marriage for
one partner
Remarriage for both
par tners

KMGI

70 743

68 596

67 548

69 602

63 914

65 833

68 040

68 787

61 114

57 701

55 148

KMGJ

58 340

55 797

54 776

56 290

50 303

52 814

55 922

56 247

52 589

49 500

47 687

Males
Under 21 years
21-24
25-29
30-34
35-44
45-54
55 and over

KKAI
KKAJ
KKAK
KKAL
KKAM
KKAN
KKAO

5 126
36 875
97 345
70 904
58 292
26 472
15 204

5 173
32 723
94 696
71 096
59 838
26 118
15 153

5 234
29 390
90 412
72 129
62 114
26 581
15 223

5 019
28 467
85 870
73 809
68 019
28 791
15 937

4 625
25 840
78 687
70 657
65 242
26 122
14 956

4 396
26 293
74 858
72 592
69 747
27 801
17 334

4 340
27 155
75 580
75 892
75 695
30 387
19 574

4 233
27 223
74 873
75 705
79 510
31 851
20 156

3 262
22 355
67 943
68 453
74 343
30 737
19 733

2 821
20 768
66 234
64 688
72 416
30 800
19 884

2 611
20 057
66 979
62 287
71 196
30 751
20 039

Females
Under 21 years
21-24
25-29
30-34
35-44
45-54
55 and over

KKAP
KKAQ
KKAR
KKAS
KKAT
KKAU
KKAV

17 254
59 549
97 932
58 589
47 267
21 038
8 589

16 793
54 645
97 181
59 349
47 721
20 708
8 400

16 082
50 350
94 703
60 446
50 136
20 822
8 544

15 938
48 578
92 753
62 478
54 697
22 621
8 847

13 874
45 687
85 647
59 859
52 209
20 459
8 394

13 194
45 789
82 892
62 279
56 997
22 187
9 683

13 510
47 400
84 066
65 979
61 682
24 721
11 265

12 878
46 891
84 714
66 508
65 007
25 846
11 707

9 113
39 482
79 579
61 047
60 969
24 982
11 654

8 110
36 955
78 478
57 899
59 248
25 041
11 880

7 454
35 751
79 731
55 793
57 930
25 349
11 912

Marriages

KKBA

272 536

267 303

263 515

267 961

249 227

255 596

270 109

273 069

247 805

239 454

235 367

Persons marrying per


1,000 resident
population

KKBB

10.6

10.3

10.1

10.3

9.5

9.7

10.2

10.3

9.3

8.9

8.7

KKBC
KKBD
KKBE
KKBF
KKBG
KKBH

188 268
76 839
7 429
188 457
77 098
6 981

186 329
74 029
6 945
187 391
73 330
6 582

184 266
72 617
6 632
185 328
71 971
6 216

186 113
75 378
6 470
187 717
74 092
6 152

175 721
67 678
5 828
177 506
66 120
5 601

179 121
70 506
5 969
180 675
69 234
5 687

189 470
74 397
6 242
191 170
73 071
5 868

191 956
75 129
5 984
194 348
72 875
5 846

173 413
68 672
5 720
176 505
65 915
5 385

169 248
64 777
5 429
172 803
61 435
5 216

168 570
61 533
5 264
171 531
58 800
5 036

KMGK

156 907

156 539

155 027

156 140

148 642

151 014

160 283

163 007

148 405

145 995

146 216

England and Wales

Previous marital status


Single men1
Divorced men
Widowers
Single women1
Divorced women
Widows
First marriage for
both partners
First marriage for
one partner
Remarriage for both
par tners

KMGL

62 911

60 642

59 540

61 550

55 943

57 768

60 074

60 290

53 108

50 061

47 669

KMGM

52 718

50 122

48 948

50 271

44 642

46 814

49 752

49 772

46 292

43 398

41 482

Males
Under 21 years
21-24
25-29
30-34
35-44
45-54
55 and over

KKBI
KKBJ
KKBK
KKBL
KKBM
KKBN
KKBO

4 574
31 907
84 644
62 265
51 654
23 688
13 804

4 608
28 389
82 135
62 323
52 812
23 385
13 651

4 629
25 424
78 364
63 212
54 528
23 676
13 682

4 536
24 764
74 367
64 611
59 834
25 470
14 379

4 160
22 436
67 934
61 409
56 872
22 949
13 467

3 952
22 961
64 619
62 998
61 196
24 336
15 534

3 885
23 802
65 568
66 060
66 364
26 785
17 645

3 803
23 873
64 701
65 510
69 364
27 830
17 988

2 883
19 430
58 066
58 830
64 394
26 679
17 523

2 521
18 002
56 607
55 595
62 539
26 508
17 682

2 345
17 486
57 116
53 221
61 023
26 404
17 772

Females
Under 21 years
21-24
25-29
30-34
35-44
45-54
55 and over

KKBP
KKBQ
KKBR
KKBS
KKBT
KKBU
KKBV

15 439
51 766
85 352
51 405
41 838
18 938
7 798

15 065
47 446
84 399
51 982
42 245
18 575
7 591

14 379
43 691
82 250
52 721
44 199
18 572
7 703

14 421
42 265
80 312
54 649
48 245
20 083
7 986

12 467
39 746
73 799
51 865
45 672
18 071
7 607

11 916
39 968
71 540
53 970
49 984
19 535
8 683

12 270
41 567
72 790
57 348
54 103
21 858
10 173

11 667
40 962
73 072
57 592
56 660
22 648
10 468

8 182
34 185
68 062
52 369
52 758
21 811
10 438

7 286
32 082
67 090
49 617
51 032
21 688
10 659

6 741
30 970
67 844
47 653
49 595
21 902
10 662

42

Population and vital statistics

5.12

Marriages: by previous marital status, sex, age and country

continued

Numbers
1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Scotland
Marriages

KKCA

29 611

29 668

29 940

30 367

29 621

29 826

30 757

32 154

30 881

29 898

29 866

Persons marrying per


1,000 resident
population

KKCB

11.7

11.7

11.8

12.0

11.7

11.8

12.2

12.7

12.1

11.7

11.6

KKCC
KKCD
KKCE
KKCF
KKCG
KKCH

20 994
7 845
772
21 303
7 621
687

20 987
7 934
747
21 241
7 754
673

21 052
8 142
746
21 308
7 949
683

21 201
8 427
739
21 608
8 141
618

20 737
8 238
646
21 223
7 825
573

20 671
8 475
680
21 180
8 008
638

21 477
8 574
706
21 974
8 157
626

22 526
8 930
698
22 884
8 622
648

21 421
8 796
664
21 991
8 244
646

20 912
8 330
656
21 460
7 802
636

20 851
8 361
654
21 482
7 793
591

KEZV

17 751

17 677

17 680

17 864

17 468

17 426

18 232

19 039

18 221

17 922

18 005

KEZW

6 795

6 874

7 000

7 081

7 024

6 999

6 987

7 332

6 970

6 528

6 323

KEZX

5 065

5 117

5 260

5 422

5 129

5 401

5 538

5 783

5 690

5 448

5 538

Males
Under 21 years
21-24
25-29
30-34
35-44
45-54
55 and over

KKCI
KKCJ
KKCK
KKCL
KKCM
KKCN
KKCO

406
3 494
9 495
6 911
5 649
2 459
1 197

421
3 147
9 439
6 988
5 945
2 412
1 316

490
2 853
9 031
7 179
6 470
2 575
1 342

364
2 720
8 536
7 419
7 018
2 960
1 350

371
2 489
7 949
7 464
7 215
2 816
1 317

367
2 395
7 468
7 692
7 328
3 033
1 543

361
2 507
7 219
7 752
8 007
3 213
1 698

336
2 501
7 365
7 992
8 553
3 503
1 904

304
2 120
6 981
7 516
8 390
3 588
1 982

228
2 012
6 795
6 935
8 234
3 772
1 922

211
1 840
6 902
6 744
8 357
3 805
2 007

Females
Under 21 years
21-24
25-29
30-34
35-44
45-54
55 and over

KKCP
KKCQ
KKCR
KKCS
KKCT
KKCU
KKCV

1 302
5 568
9 574
5 927
4 722
1 844
674

1 289
5 248
9 764
6 036
4 726
1 900
705

1 322
4 778
9 539
6 433
5 150
1 994
724

1 171
4 581
9 495
6 463
5 633
2 279
745

1 111
4 343
8 994
6 618
5 712
2 147
696

996
4 171
8 520
6 832
6 115
2 322
870

1 007
4 199
8 321
7 110
6 583
2 589
948

954
4 358
8 528
7 235
7 163
2 821
1 095

724
3 772
8 339
7 016
7 083
2 862
1 085

635
3 473
8 230
6 511
7 003
2 975
1 071

554
3 325
8 500
6 289
7 063
3 016
1 119

Marriages

KKDA

8 071

7 826

7 628

7 584

7 281

7 599

7 757

8 328

8 140

8 259

8 687

Persons marrying per


1,000 resident
population

KKDB

9.7

9.3

9.1

9.0

8.6

9.0

9.1

9.7

9.4

8.0

9.9

KKDC
KKDD
KKDE
KKDF
KKDG
KKDH

6 975
941
155
7 016
929
126

6 689
1 014
123
6 767
932
127

6 502
991
135
6 610
896
122

6 463
966
155
6 540
933
111

6 232
936
113
6 319
862
100

6 404
1 059
136
6 530
940
129

6 587
1 040
130
6 684
953
120

6 995
1 151
182
7 112
1 062
154

6 957
1 069
114
7 073
961
106

6 977
1 155
127
7 121
1 019
119

7 379
1 207
101
7 505
1 083
99

KEZY

6 477

6 188

6 052

6 016

5 802

5 934

6 146

6 471

6 497

6 493

6 864

KEZZ

1 037

1 080

1 008

971

947

1 066

979

1 165

1 036

1 112

1 156

KFBI

557

558

568

597

532

599

632

692

607

654

667

Males
Under 21 years
21-24
25-29
30-34
35-44
45-54
55 and over

KKDI
KKDJ
KKDK
KKDL
KKDM
KKDN
KKDO

146
1 474
3 206
1 728
989
325
203

144
1 187
3 122
1 785
1 081
321
186

115
1 113
3 017
1 738
1 116
330
199

119
983
2 967
1 779
1 167
361
208

94
915
2 804
1 784
1 155
357
172

77
937
2 771
1 902
1 223
432
257

94
846
2 793
2 080
1 324
389
231

94
849
2 807
2 203
1 593
518
264

75
805
2 896
2 107
1 559
470
228

72
754
2 832
2 158
1 643
520
280

55
731
2 961
2 322
1 816
542
260

Females
Under 21 years
21-24
25-29
30-34
35-44
45-54
55 and over

KKDP
KKDQ
KKDR
KKDS
KKDT
KKDU
KKDV

513
2 215
3 006
1 257
707
256
117

439
1 951
3 018
1 331
750
233
104

381
1 881
2 914
1 292
787
256
117

346
1 732
2 946
1 366
819
259
116

296
1 598
2 854
1 376
825
241
91

282
1 650
2 832
1 477
898
330
130

233
1 634
2 955
1 521
996
274
144

257
1 571
3 114
1 681
1 184
377
144

207
1 525
3 178
1 662
1 128
309
131

189
1 400
3 158
1 771
1 213
378
150

159
1 456
3 387
1 851
1 272
431
131

Previous marital status


Single men1
Divorced men
Widowers
Single women1
Divorced women
Widows
First marriage for
both partners
First marriage for
one partner
Remarriage for
both partners

Northern Ireland

Previous marital status


Single men1
Divorced men
Widowers
Single women1
Divorced women
Widows
First marriage for
both partners
First marriage for
one partner
Remarriage for
both partners

1 Single men and single women are those who have never been married.

Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444110;


General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

43

Population and vital statistics

5.13

Divorce: by duration of marriage, age of wife and country


Numbers
1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

United Kingdom
Decrees absolute granted1,2,5
Number

ZBRL

Duration of marriage
0-4 years
5-9 years
10-14 years
15-19 years
20 years and over
Not stated

ZBRM
ZBRN
ZBRO
ZBRP
ZBRQ
ZBRR

33 719
45 040
29 085
20 211
33 020
12

33 087
44 243
29 706
20 078
32 935
8

31 047
43 357
30 270
20 147
33 916
9

28 933
41 621
30 166
19 902
34 000
6

28 306
42 360
30 849
20 568
34 729
2

28 591
42 924
31 257
21 881
36 073
..

28 781
43 558
32 564
23 119
38 713
2

28 746
42 855
31 775
23 898
39 844
20

26 549
39 070
29 007
22 593
37 824
9

25 005
37 116
27 647
21 244
37 116
13

24 704
35 772
26 446
20 894
36 397
7

Age of wife at marriage


16-19 years
20-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45 years and over
Not stated

ZBRS
ZBRT
ZBRU
ZBRV
ZBRW
ZBRX
ZBRY
ZBRZ

28 987
72 971
33 452
12 968
6 155
3 375
3 094
85

27 627
71 416
34 195
13 719
6 571
3 360
3 086
83

25 440
69 509
35 585
14 420
6 848
3 557
3 291
96

23 505
66 215
36 009
14 892
6 993
3 568
3 352
94

22 558
66 282
37 418
15 842
7 417
3 778
3 429
90

22 107
66 264
39 116
17 374
8 070
4 104
3 572
119

22 367
67 070
41 464
18 658
8 742
4 404
3 917
115

20 948
65 671
42 544
19 729
9 456
4 550
4 093
147

18 507
58 829
40 143
19 366
9 275
4 703
4 042
187

16 707
55 085
38 812
19 419
9 261
4 677
3 985
195

15 430
52 438
38 315
19 294
9 663
4 784
4 081
215

Age of wife at divorce


16-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45 years and over
Not stated

ZBSA
ZBSB
ZBSC
ZBSD
ZBSE
ZBSF
ZBSG

7 371
28 814
37 257
30 641
22 246
34 662
96

6 758
26 968
36 795
31 688
22 810
34 947
91

5 671
24 120
36 052
32 605
23 614
36 578
106

5 115
21 280
34 356
32 588
23 879
37 311
99

4 874
19 635
34 194
33 997
25 579
38 442
93

4 998
18 340
33 555
35 050
27 564
41 102
117

5 092
17 633
32 774
36 465
30 154
44 498
121

4 885
16 972
30 754
35 894
31 372
47 108
153

4 388
14 870
26 431
32 722
30 359
46 085
197

3 739
14 216
23 641
30 567
29 412
46 352
214

3 492
13 772
21 911
28 765
28 990
47 071
219

Divorces in which there were3,4


No children aged under 16
ZBSH
One or more children aged under 16 ZBSI

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

161 087 160 057 158 746 154 628 156 814 160 726 166 737 167 138 155 052 148 141 144 220

England and Wales


Decrees absolute granted1,2
Number

KKEA

146 689 145 214 144 556 141 135 143 818 147 735 153 490 153 399 141 750 132 562 128 534

KKEB

13.0

12.9

12.9

12.7

12.9

13.4

14.0

14.1

13.0

12.2

12.0

Duration of marriage
0-4 years
5-9 years
10-14 years
15-19 years
20 years and over
Not stated

KKEC
KKED
KKEE
KKEF
KKEG
KKEH

31 767
41 260
26 215
18 027
29 408
12

31 136
40 239
26 698
17 934
29 199
8

29 307
39 676
27 384
18 072
30 108
9

27 474
38 206
27 459
17 870
30 120
6

26 987
39 079
28 176
18 603
30 971
2

27 344
39 730
28 592
19 784
32 285

27 511
40 599
29 831
20 923
34 624
2

27 389
39 779
29 086
21 591
35 554

25 345
36 161
26 394
20 363
33 478
9

23 427
33 864
24 680
18 792
31 786
13

23 039
32 522
23 496
18 266
31 204
7

Age of wife at marriage


16-19 years
20-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45 years and over

KKEI
KKEJ
KKEK
KKEL
KKEM
KKEN
KKEO

25 579
66 167
31 022
12 094
5 767
3 156
2 904

24 276
64 453
31 533
12 788
6 153
3 135
2 876

22 486
62 853
32 867
13 507
6 432
3 331
3 080

20 930
59 874
33 282
13 972
6 562
3 378
3 137

20 218
60 211
34 759
14 890
6 956
3 559
3 225

19 828
60 353
36 387
16 339
7 623
3 841
3 364

20 063
61 057
38 722
17 567
8 249
4 154
3 678

18 709
59 548
39 575
18 545
8 912
4 274
3 836

16 519
53 041
37 103
18 138
8 755
4 421
3 773

14 478
48 550
35 177
17 834
8 560
4 318
3 645

13 273
45 929
34 675
17 637
8 880
4 393
3 747

Age of wife at divorce


16-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45 years and over
Not stated

KKEP
KKEQ
KKER
KKES
KKET
KKEU
KKEV

6 871
26 435
33 967
27 715
20 125
31 564
12

6 298
24 586
33 446
28 605
20 521
31 750
8

5 318
22 173
32 837
29 663
21 325
33 231
9

4 839
19 650
31 420
29 820
21 469
33 931
6

4 643
18 231
31 489
31 164
23 190
35 099
2

4 808
17 227
30 982
32 282
25 017
37 419

4 867
16 539
30 345
33 519
27 610
40 608
2

4 658
15 867
28 368
33 013
28 558
42 935

4 216
13 905
24 381
29 864
27 570
41 805
9

3 525
13 182
21 409
27 479
26 128
40 826
13

3 273
12 653
19 865
25 665
25 548
41 523
7

Divorces in which there were3


No children aged under 16
ZBSJ
One or more children aged under 16 ZBSK

66 019
80 670

64 738
80 476

65 258
79 298

64 359
76 776

64 541
79 277

66 738
80 997

69 681
83 809

71 382
82 017

88 349
75 340

62 667
69 895

62 497
66 037

Rate per 1,000 married couples

44

Population and vital statistics

5.13

Divorce: by duration of marriage, age of wife and country

continued

Numbers
1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

KKFA

12 222

12 384

11 864

11 143

10 631

10 826

10 928

11 227

10 940

13 014

12 773

KKFB

11.0

11.3

10.9

10.3

9.7

10.0

10.2

10.5

10.3

12.3

12.2

Duration of marriage
0-4 years
5-9 years
10-14 years
15-19 years
20 years and over
Not stated

KKFC
KKFD
KKFE
KKFF
KKFG
ZBSL

1 793
3 224
2 385
1 804
3 016

1 766
3 360
2 456
1 729
3 073

1 588
3 095
2 368
1 686
3 127

1 304
2 890
2 168
1 622
3 159

1 159
2 721
2 163
1 562
3 026

1 128
2 689
2 183
1 705
3 121

1 141
2 450
2 222
1 773
3 342

1 204
2 536
2 173
1 810
3 504

1 089
2 403
2 113
1 789
3 546

1 444
2 759
2 418
2 033
4 360

1 526
2 659
2 345
2 100
4 143

Age of wife at marriage


16-19 years
20-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45 years and over
Not stated

ZBSM
ZBSN
KKFJ
KKFK
KKFL
KKFM
KKFN
KKFO

2 749
5 714
2 151
791
360
199
173
85

2 654
5 744
2 314
824
382
198
185
83

2 374
5 453
2 333
829
379
208
192
96

2 043
5 142
2 318
805
378
170
193
94

1 839
4 873
2 233
827
401
193
175
90

1 845
4 823
2 316
895
407
235
186
119

1 816
4 869
2 307
958
432
219
212
115

1 753
4 892
2 462
1 025
489
252
221
133

1 557
4 721
2 515
1 065
455
252
232
143

1 764
5 373
3 075
1 387
619
325
312
159

1 700
5 141
2 999
1 404
699
336
298
196

Age of wife at divorce


16-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45 years and over
Not stated

KKFP
KKFQ
KKFR
KKFS
KKFT
KKFU
KKFV

426
2 021
2 736
2 469
1 819
2 667
84

377
1 957
2 767
2 562
1 951
2 687
83

301
1 597
2 642
2 450
1 929
2 848
97

232
1 330
2 381
2 298
1 999
2 810
93

182
1 109
2 215
2 311
1 963
2 760
91

180
974
2 174
2 281
2 110
2 990
117

191
884
1 943
2 388
2 106
3 297
119

192
869
1 918
2 278
2 341
3 496
133

148
777
1 641
2 304
2 330
3 596
144

190
877
1 837
2 544
2 751
4 650
165

199
938
1 655
2 445
2 801
4 542
193

Divorces in which there were3,4


No children aged under 16
One or more children under 16

KKFW
KKFX

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

Decrees absolute granted:2,5


Number

ZBSO

2 176

2 459

2 326

2 350

2 365

2 165

2 319

2 512

2 362

2 565

2 913

Duration of marriage
0-4 years
5-9 years
10-14 years
15-19 years
20 years and over
Not stated5

ZBSP
ZBSQ
ZBSR
ZBSS
ZBST
EK8B

159
556
485
380
596

185
644
552
415
663

152
586
518
389
681

155
525
539
410
721

160
560
510
403
732

119
505
482
392
667

129
509
511
423
747

153
540
516
497
786
20

115
506
500
441
800

134
493
549
419
970
..

139
591
605
528
1 050
..

Age of wife at marriage


16-19 years
20-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45 years and over
Not stated6

ZBSU
ZBSV
ZBSW
ZBSX
ZBSY
ZBSZ
ZBTA
EK8C

659
1 090
279
83
28
20
17

697
1 219
348
107
36
27
25

580
1 203
385
84
37
18
19

532
1 199
409
115
53
20
22

501
1 198
426
125
60
26
29

434
1 088
413
140
40
28
22

488
1 144
435
133
61
31
27

486
1 231
507
159
55
24
36
14

431
1 067
525
163
65
30
37
44

465
1 162
560
198
82
34
28
36

457
1 368
641
253
84
55
36
19

Age of wife at divorce


16-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45 years and over
Not stated6

ZBTB
ZBTC
ZBTD
ZBTE
ZBTF
ZBTG
EK8D

74
358
554
457
302
431

83
425
582
521
338
510

52
350
573
492
360
499

44
300
555
470
411
570

49
295
490
522
426
583

10
139
399
487
437
693

34
210
486
558
438
593

35
236
468
603
473
677
20

24
188
409
554
459
684
44

24
157
395
544
533
876
36

20
181
391
655
641
1 006
19

Divorces in which there were3


No children aged under 16
One or more children aged under 16
Not stated6

ZBTH
ZBTI
EK8E

1 573
603

1 807
652

1 649
677

1 051
1 299

1 054
1 311

972
1 193

1 050
1 269

1 218
1 282
12

982
1 380

662
1 903
..

1 372
1 541
..

Scotland
Decrees absolute granted2
Number
Rate per 1,000 married couples

Northern Ireland

1
2
3
4
5

Data for 2007 are provisional.


Includes decrees of nullities.
Children of the family as dened by the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973.
Data not available in Scotland.
Marital estimates are not available for Northern Ireland - no divorce rate for
UK/Nor thern Ireland.
6 Due to some incomplete records.

Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444410;


General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

45

Population and vital statistics

5.14

Divorce proceedings: by country


Numbers
1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ZBXR

160 733

159 688

158 418

154 273

156 562

160 528

166 536

166 937

154 879

147 989

144 071

ZBXS
ZBXT
ZBXU

38 652
68 546
956

37 302
68 685
828

35 545
67 851
748

34 082
65 687
722

33 452
66 818
718

33 389
68 499
727

33 844
70 866
697

32 586
70 879
675

28 411
66 824
612

25 293
63 782
516

23 355
62 238
461

ZBXV
ZBXW

39 398
12 552

39 627
12 697

40 368
13 389

39 763
13 653

40 699
14 575

42 579
15 076

44 012
16 831

44 819
17 714

41 433
17 101

36 917
15 297

33 612
13 192

ZBXX

629

549

517

366

300

258

286

264

498

601

325

IE9T
IE9U

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

1 456
4 127

3 003
4 127

Decree absolute/decree granted to:


the wife
the husband
both

ZBXY
ZBXZ
ZBYA

111 910
48 393
430

111 555
47 764
369

109 824
48 236
358

106 957
47 069
247

107 345
49 015
202

108 104
52 251
173

114 664
51 691
181

113 970
52 793
174

105 008
49 725
146

100 003
47 847
139

96 749
47 205
119

Nullity of marriage
Decree absolute/decree granted

ZBYB

354

369

328

355

252

198

201

201

173

152

149

KKGA
KKGM
KKGN

163 769
148 310
146 339

165 870
144 231
144 851

162 137
143 446
144 233

157 809
143 729
140 783

172 341
163 146
143 568

177 224
170 980
147 538

173 265
168 037
153 294

167 340
166 334
153 199

151 824
150 917
141 583

148 564
145 242
132 418

137 465
143 153
128 393

KKGB
KKGC
KKGD

37 592
65 047
912

36 319
65 257
790

34 584
64 816
713

33 310
63 182
680

32 839
64 768
689

32 829
66 480
681

33 331
68 944
665

32 035
68 859
654

27 992
65 169
593

24 936
62 234
499

23 125
61 004
451

KKGE
KKGF

32 638
9 592

32 394
9 616

33 482
10 193

32 820
10 498

33 703
11 355

35 476
11 896

36 931
13 239

37 543
13 933

34 388
13 196

31 794
12 628

31 268
12 220

ZBYC

558

475

445

293

214

176

184

175

245

327

325

Decree absolute granted to:


the wife
the husband
both

ZBYD
ZBYE
ZBYF

102 173
43 739
427

101 583
42 902
366

100 469
43 413
351

98 227
42 311
245

98 992
44 378
198

102 676
44 694
168

106 208
46 915
171

105 381
47 651
167

96 855
44 583
145

90 587
41 702
129

87 362
40 928
103

Nullity of marriage
Petitions led3
Decree nisi granted3
Decree absolute granted

KKGO
KKGR
KKGS

485
248
350

505
281
363

549
495
323

452
274
352

492
160
250

443
216
197

463
204
196

495
308
200

440
260
167

406
240
144

352
190
141

Judicial separation
Petitions led4
Decrees granted4

KKGT
KKGW

1 078
589

916
519

882
696

650
540

1 078
925

1 001
560

826
467

745
419

697
387

613
353

502
329

United Kingdom
Dissolution of marriage1,4
Decree absolute/decree granted
On grounds of:
Adultery
Behaviour
Deser tion
Separation (2 years and
consent)
Separation(5 years)
Combination of more than
one ground and other
Separation2
1 year and consent
2 years

England and Wales


Dissolution of marriage4
Petitions led3
Decree nisi granted3
Decree absolute granted
On grounds of:
Adultery
Behaviour
Deser tion
Separation (2 years and
consent)
Separation(5 years)
Combination of more than
one ground and other

46

Population and vital statistics

5.14

Divorce proceedings: by country

continued

Numbers
1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

ZBYG

12 220

12 383

11 860

11 142

10 631

10 825

10 927

11 226

10 939

13 013

12 771

ZBYH
ZBYI
ZBYJ

909
3 081
33

832
3 005
28

770
2 611
18

610
2 099
34

473
1 639
24

428
1 656
42

401
1 537
23

413
1 546
15

327
1 344
17

263
1 215
15

131
875
7

ZBYK
ZBYL

5 773
2 424

6 121
2 397

5 908
2 553

5 878
2 521

5 943
2 552

6 101
2 598

6 016
2 950

6 122
3 130

5 989
3 262

4 014
1 923

971
182

IE9T
IE9U

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

1 456
4 127

3 003
4 127

Decree granted to2


the wife
the husband

ZBYM
ZBYN

8 266
3 954

8 328
4 055

7 770
4 090

7 190
3 952

6 775
3 856

6 800
4 025

6 926
4 001

6 938
4 288

6 653
4 286

7 750
5 263

7 528
5 245

Nullity of marriage
Decree granted

ZBYO

ZBYP
ZBYQ
ZBYR

2 808
2 532
2 174

2 760
2 904
2 454

2 414
2 393
2 325

3 005
2 456
2 348

2 869
2 615
2 363

2 929
2 454
2 165

3 192
2 616
2 315

2 808
2 697
2 512

3 299
2 594
2 357

3 098
2 607
2 558

3 010
2 985
2 907

ZBYS
ZBYT
ZBYU

151
418
11

151
423
10

191
424
17

162
406
8

140
411
5

132
363
3

112
385
9

138
474
6

92
311
2

94
333
2

99
359
3

ZBYV
ZBYW

991
536

1 112
684

978
643

1 065
634

1 053
668

1 002
582

1 065
642

1 154
651

1 056
643

1 109
746

1 373
790

ZBYX

67

74

72

73

86

83

102

89

253

274

283

Decree absolute granted to:


the wife
the husband
both

ZBYY
ZBYZ
ZBZA

1 473
698
3

1 644
807
3

1 585
733
7

1 540
806
2

1 578
781
4

1 405
755
5

1 530
775
10

1 651
854
7

1 500
856
1

1 666
882
10

1 859
1 032
16

Nullity of marriage
Petitions led
Decree nisi granted
Decree absolute granted

ZBZB
ZBZC
ZBZD

7
2
2

5
6
5

1
2
1

2
5
2

1
2
2

5
2

4
5
4

8
3

9
3
5

3
7

5
4
6

Judicial separation
Petitions led
Decrees granted

ZBZE
ZBZF

70
34

64
40

50
31

54
23

40
25

27
15

35
22

18
12

3
4

7
8

2
12

Scotland
Dissolution of marriage1
Decree granted
On grounds of:
Adultery
Behaviour
Deser tion
Separation (2 years and
consent)
Separation(5 years)
Separation2
1 year and consent
2 years

Northern Ireland
Dissolution of marriage
Petitions led
Decree nisi granted
Decree absolute granted
On grounds of:
Adultery
Behaviour
Deser tion
Separation (2 years and
consent)
Separation(5 years)
Combination of more than
one ground and other

1 The terms petition led, decree nisi granted, decree absolute and judicial
separation are not used in Scotland. Decree absolute granted to both and
Combination of more than one ground and other are not procedures used
in Scotland.
2 New categories introduced with effect from 4 May 2006 by the Family Law
(Scotland) Act 2006. These replace the two non-cohabitation categories
(non-cohabiation is a category that is used in Scotland only) of 2 years with
consent and 5 years.
3 Data supplied by Ministry of Justice (12 February 2008) see Judicial and
Cour t Statistics.
4 2007 data are provisional.

Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444410;


General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency;
Ministry of Justice (England & Wales);
Scottish Courts Administration;
Nor thern Ireland Courts Administration

47

Population and vital statistics

5.15

Births:1 by country and sex


Thousands
Live bir ths

Rates
Crude
bir th
rate3

General
fertility
rate4

Stillbir ths6

Stillbir th
rate6

Total

Male

Female

Sex
ratio2

1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

1 095
1 037
1 018
750
723
803
946
880
735
790
672

558
528
522
383
372
413
487
453
377
405
345

537
508
496
367
351
390
459
427
358
385
328

1 037
1 039
1 052
1 046
1 062
1 061
1 063
1 064
1 053
1 051
1 052

28.6
24.6
23.1
16.3
15.0
16.0
17.9
15.8
13.0
13.8
11.4

115.1
99.4
93.0
66.5
..
73.7
90.3
82.5
62.5
63.7
54.7

..
..
..
..
1.89
2.21
2.80
2.36
1.83
1.81
1.64

..
..
..
..
..
..
18.6
11.3
5.0
3.6
3.6

..
..
..
..
..
..
19.2
12.7
6.8
4.6
5.4

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

BBCA
716.9
700.0
679.0
669.1
668.8

KBCZ
367
359
348
343
343

KBCY
350
341
331
326
326

KMFW
1 052
1 056
1 051
1 050
1 054

KBCT
12.3
11.9
11.5
11.3
11.3

KBCS
58.8
57.3
55.4
54.3
54.2

KBCR
1.71
1.68
1.64
1.63
1.64

KBCQ
3.9
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.8

KMFX
5.4
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.6

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

695.6
716.0
722.5
748.6
772.2

357
368
370
383
397

339
348
353
366
376

1 052
1 055
1 050
1 047
1 056

11.7
12.0
12.0
12.4
12.7

56.2
57.7
57.8
59.7
61.5

1.71
1.77
1.78
1.84
1.90

4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0

5.7
5.7
5.3
5.3
5.2

2008

794.4

407

388

1 049

12.9

63.4

1.96

4.0

5.1

932
884
862
632
607
683
812
764
639
698
598

475
450
442
323
312
351
418
394
328
358
307

458
433
420
309
295
332
394
371
311
340
292

1 037
1 040
1 051
1 047
1 057
1 058
1 061
1 061
1 053
1 051
1 052

28.6
24.5
22.8
15.8
15.6
15.6
17.6
15.6
12.9
13.8
11.4

114.7
98.6
91.1
64.4
61.3
72.1
88.9
81.4
61.8
63.8
55.2

..
..
..
..
1.81
2.16
2.77
2.31
1.81
1.82
1.65

..
..
..
27.0
22.0
16.0
15.6
9.7
4.3
3.2
3.2

..
..
..
..
..
..
18.9
12.5
6.7
4.5
5.4

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

BBCB
635.9
621.9
604.4
594.6
596.1

KMFY
326
319
310
305
306

KMFZ
310
303
295
290
290

KMGA
1 051
1 055
1 050
1 050
1 055

KMGB
12.3
12.0
11.6
11.4
11.3

KMGC
59.2
57.8
55.9
54.7
54.7

KMGD
1.72
1.70
1.65
1.63
1.65

KMGE
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.4

KMGF
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.6

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

621.5
639.7
645.8
669.6
690.0

318
328
331
342
354

303
311
315
327
336

1 051
1 054
1 049
1 047
1 057

11.8
12.1
12.1
12.5
12.8

56.8
58.2
58.4
60.2
62.0

1.73
1.78
1.80
1.86
1.92

3.6
3.7
3.5
3.6
3.6

5.8
5.7
5.4
5.4
5.2

2008

708.7

363

346

1 050

13.0

63.8

1.97

3.6

5.1

TFR

United Kingdom7

England and Wales


1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

48

Population and vital statistics

5.15

Births:1 by country and sex

continued

Thousands
Live bir ths

Rates
Crude
bir th
rate3

General
fertility
rate4

Stillbir ths6

Stillbir th
rate6

Total

Male

Female

Sex
ratio2

132
123
125
93
89
91
102
84
68
66
52

67
63
64
47
46
47
53
43
35
34
27

65
60
61
45
43
44
50
41
33
32
26

1 046
1 044
1 046
1 040
1 051
1 060
1 060
1 057
1 051
1 052
1 046

29.5
25.9
25.6
19.1
18.5
17.9
19.7
16.1
13.1
13.0
10.3

120.6
107.4
105.9
78.8
73.7
81.4
97.8
83.3
62.2
59.2
48.6

..
..
..
..
..
2.41
2.98
2.46
1.80
1.68
1.48

..
..
..
..
4.0
2.0
2.2
1.1
0.4
0.4
0.3

..
..
..
..
..
..
20.8
13.5
6.3
5.7
5.6

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

BBCD
57.3
55.1
53.1
52.5
51.3

KMEU
29
28
27
27
26

KMEV
28
27
26
26
25

KMEW
1 060
1 050
1 051
1 041
1 047

KMEX
11.3
10.9
10.5
10.4
10.1

KMEY
52.7
50.9
49.2
48.8
48.1

KMEZ
1.55
1.51
1.48
1.49
1.48

KMFM
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

KMFN
6.1
5.2
5.6
5.7
5.4

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

52.4
54.0
54.4
55.7
57.8

27
28
28
28
30

26
26
26
27
28

1 054
1 060
1 068
1 046
1 057

10.4
10.6
10.7
10.9
11.2

49.4
51.0
51.5
52.8
54.8

1.54
1.60
1.62
1.67
1.73

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

5.6
5.8
5.3
5.3
5.6

60.0

31

29

1 037

11.6

57.2

1.80

0.3

5.4

..
..
31
26
27
29
31
31
28
26
22

..
..
16
13
14
15
16
16
14
13
11

..
..
15
12
13
14
15
15
13
13
11

..
..
1 048
1 047
1 078
1 066
1 068
1 074
1 048
1 051
1 054

..
..
24.2
20.5
20.8
20.9
22.5
20.4
18.0
16.1
12.8

..
..
105.9
78.8
73.7
81.4
111.5
105.7
87.5
74.8
58.8

..
..
..
..
..
..
3.47
3.13
2.59
2.15
1.78

..
..
..
..
..
..
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1

..
..
..
..
..
..
22.0
14.3
8.4
4.6
5.0

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

BBCE
23.7
23.0
21.5
22.0
21.4

KMFO
12
12
11
11
11

KMFP
12
11
10
11
11

KMFQ
1 039
1 084
1 070
1 058
1 035

KMFR
14.1
13.7
12.8
13.0
12.6

KMFS
65.0
62.9
58.7
59.7
58.1

KMFT
1.90
1.86
1.75
1.80
1.77

KMFU
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

KMFV
5.1
5.7
4.3
5.1
5.7

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

21.6
22.3
22.3
23.3
24.5

11
11
11
12
13

10
11
11
11
12

1 081
1 059
1 032
1 066
1 049

12.7
13.0
12.9
14.0
13.9

59.0
60.6
60.4
62.5
65.1

1.81
1.87
1.87
1.94
2.02

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5.0
5.0
4.0
3.8
4.2

2008

25.6

13

12

1 063

14.4

68.2

2.11

0.1

4.5

TFR

Scotland
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

2008
7

Northern Ireland
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

1
2
3
4
5

See chapter text.


Males per 1,000 females (calculated using whole numbers).
Rate per 1,000 population (calculated using whole numbers).
Rate per 1,000 women aged 15 - 44.
Total fer tility rate is the average number of children which would be born to a
woman if she experienced the age-specic fer tility rates of the period in
question throughout her child-bearing life span. UK gures for the years
1970-72 and earlier are estimates.
6 On 1 October 1992 the legal denition of a stillbirth was changed from a
baby born dead after 28 completed weeks gestation or more to one born

dead after 24 completed weeks gestation or more. Between 1 October and 31


December 1992 in the UK there were 258 babies born dead between 24 and 27
completed weeks gestation (216 in England and Wales, 35 in Scotland and 7 in
Nor thern Ireland). If these babies were included in the stillbirth gures given,
the stillbirth rate would be 4.7 for the UK and England and Wales, while Scotland and Northern Ireland stillbirth rate would remain as stated.
7 From 1981, data for the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland have been revised to exclude births in Northern Ireland to non-residents of Northern Ireland.
Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444410;
General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

49

Population and vital statistics

5.16

Birth occurrence inside and outside marriage by age of mother


Thousands
Inside marriage

Outside marriage
1

All ages

Under 20

20 - 24

25 - 29

Over 30

Mean
age
(Years)

All ages

Under 20

20 - 24

25 - 29

Over 30

Mean1
age
(Years)

United Kingdom2

1961

KKEY
890

KKEZ
55

KKFY
273

KKFZ
280

KKGX
282

KKGY
27.7

KKGZ
54

KKIC
13

KKID
17

KKIE
10

KKIF
13

KKIG
25.5

1971

828

70

301

271

185

26.4

74

24

25

13

12

23.8

1981

640

36

193

231

180

27.3

91

30

33

16

13

23.4

1988
1989
1990
1991
1992

589
570
576
556
540

16
14
13
10
9

144
130
121
109
98

234
228
233
224
216

195
198
209
213
218

28.2
28.4
28.6
28.9
29.1

198
207
223
236
241

51
49
51
50
46

76
79
83
87
86

42
46
53
58
62

29
32
37
41
46

24.1
24.3
24.5
24.8
25.1

1993
1994
1995
1996
1997

520
510
486
473
460

8
7
6
6
6

87
78
69
61
55

204
194
180
170
159

221
231
232
237
240

29.3
29.6
29.8
30.1
30.3

242
240
246
260
267

44
41
42
45
47

84
80
79
80
79

64
65
66
69
71

50
55
60
66
71

25.4
25.7
25.9
26.0
26.1

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

447
428
411
401
397

6
6
5
5
5

51
47
44
44
44

149
136
126
116
109

243
239
237
236
239

30.5
30.7
30.9
30.9
31.1

270
272
268
268
272

49
49
47
45
44

77
77
77
77
80

70
68
66
64
62

74
77
78
82
85

26.2
26.3
26.4
26.7
26.7

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

407
413
412
422
429

5
4
4
3
3

44
44
43
43
42

110
110
111
115
119

249
255
254
260
265

31.2
31.3
31.4
31.4
31.5

289
303
310
327
343

45
47
47
48
47

86
90
93
99
104

65
69
72
78
85

92
97
98
102
106

26.8
26.9
26.9
26.9
27.1

2008

434

41

123

266

31.5

361

48

110

93

110

27.0

1961

KKIH
859

KKII
53

KKIJ
264

KKIK
270

KKIL
272

KKIM
27.7

KKIN
53

KKIO
13

KKIP
17

KKIQ
10

KKIR
13

KKIS
25.5

1971

797

68

293

261

176

26.4

73

24

25

13

12

23.8

1981

614

34

186

223

171

27.2

89

29

32

16

13

23.3

1988
1989
1990
1991
1992

566
549
554
535
520

16
13
12
10
9

138
125
116
105
94

226
220
225
216
208

186
190
201
205
210

28.2
28.4
28.6
28.9
29.1

194
202
218
231
235

49
48
49
48
45

74
77
81
85
84

42
45
52
57
61

29
32
36
41
46

23.6
24.2
24.6
24.8
25.1

1993
1994
1995
1996
1997

500
492
468
455
442

7
7
6
6
6

84
75
66
59
53

196
188
173
163
152

213
222
223
227
231

29.3
29.6
29.8
30.1
30.3

236
235
240
254
261

42
41
40
44
46

82
78
77
78
76

62
63
65
68
69

49
53
59
65
69

25.4
25.7
25.9
26.0
26.2

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

430
412
396
386
383

6
6
5
5
5

49
46
43
43
43

143
131
121
112
105

233
230
228
227
230

30.5
30.7
30.9
30.9
31.1

263
265
261
261
265

48
48
46
44
43

74
74
74
75
77

68
67
65
62
61

73
76
77
80
84

26.3
26.4
26.5
26.6
26.7

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

393
399
398
407
414

4
4
4
3
3

43
43
42
42
41

106
106
107
111
114

239
245
245
251
255

31.2
31.3
31.4
31.4
31.5

281
295
302
318
334

44
45
45
46
46

83
88
90
96
101

64
67
70
76
83

90
95
97
100
104

26.9
26.9
26.9
26.9
27.1

2008

418

41

119

256

31.5

351

46

107

90

107

27.0

Great Britain

1 The mean ages presented in this table are unstandardised and therefore
take no account of the age structure of the population.
2 From 1981, data for the United Kingdom have been revised to exclude
bir ths in Northern Ireland to non-residents of Northern Ireland.

50

Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444410;


General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

Population and vital statistics

5.17

Live births: by age of mother and country


Numbers
All ages

Under 20

20 - 24

25 - 29

30 - 34

35 - 39

40 - 44

45 and over

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

KMBZ
716 888
699 976
679 029
669 123
668 777

KMDV
54 822
54 921
52 059
50 157
49 165

KMDW
127 230
124 036
120 305
121 664
123 844

KMDX
218 072
204 808
191 583
179 776
171 852

KMDY
212 876
208 986
202 893
202 017
203 261

KMDZ
88 729
91 272
95 400
97 379
101 379

KMES
14 453
15 210
16 032
17 271
18 273

KMET
640
695
708
831
968

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

695 549
715 996
722 549
748 563
772 245

49 874
50 752
50 396
51 066
50 515

129 867
134 614
135 891
142 171
145 725

175 473
179 050
183 513
192 800
204 276

210 071
213 620
211 076
212 333
214 020

109 038
114 852
116 902
123 867
129 599

20 233
22 107
23 518
24 999
26 633

933
975
1 176
1 288
1 420

2008

794 383

50 396

151 608

216 466

215 964

130 520

27 845

1 558

United Kingdom
All live births1,2

Age-specific fertility rates

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

KMBY
58.8
57.3
55.4
54.3
54.2

KMBR
30.8
30.7
29.2
27.9
27.0

KMBS
73.6
71.8
68.7
68.0
68.0

KMBT
101.4
98.0
93.9
91.5
91.3

KMBU
90.4
89.4
87.7
88.0
89.7

KMBV
40.0
40.2
41.0
41.3
42.6

KMBW
7.4
7.6
7.8
8.2
8.4

KMBX
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.5

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

56.2
57.7
57.8
59.7
61.5

26.7
26.7
26.2
26.4
25.9

70.2
71.5
70.4
72.0
72.3

95.4
97.3
97.4
100.1
103.5

94.6
99.2
100.5
104.6
109.8

45.9
48.6
50.0
53.4
56.6

9.1
9.7
10.6
10.6
11.2

0.5
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.7

2008

63.4

26.0

73.5

107.9

113.1

58.2

12.4

0.7

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

KGSH
635 901
621 872
604 441
594 634
596 122

KGSA
48 285
48 375
45 846
44 189
43 467

KGSB
113 537
110 722
107 741
108 844
110 959

KGSC
193 144
181 931
170 701
159 926
153 379

KGSD
188 499
185 311
180 113
178 920
180 532

KGSE
78 881
81 281
84 974
86 495
90 449

KGSF
12 980
13 617
14 403
15 499
16 441

KGSG
575
635
663
761
895

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

621 469
639 721
645 835
669 601
690 013

44 236
45 094
44 830
45 509
44 805

116 622
121 072
122 145
127 828
130 784

156 931
159 984
164 348
172 642
182 570

187 214
190 550
188 153
189 407
191 124

97 386
102 228
104 113
110 509
115 380

18 205
19 884
21 155
22 512
24 041

875
909
1 091
1 194
1 309

2008

708 711

44 691

135 971

192 960

192 450

116 220

24 991

1 428

England and Wales


All live births

Age-specific fertility rates


1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

KGSP
59.2
57.8
55.9
54.7
54.7

KGSI
30.9
30.9
29.3
28.0
27.0

KGSJ
74.9
73.0
70.0
69.0
69.1

KGSK
101.5
98.3
94.3
91.7
91.5

KGSL
90.6
89.6
87.9
88.0
89.9

KGSM
40.4
40.6
41.4
41.5
43.0

KGSN
7.5
7.7
8.0
8.4
8.6

KGSO
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

56.8
58.2
58.3
60.2
62.0

26.9
26.9
26.3
26.6
26.0

71.1
72.8
71.6
73.2
73.5

95.8
97.6
97.9
100.6
104.0

94.9
99.6
100.7
104.8
110.2

46.4
48.8
50.3
53.8
56.9

9.3
9.9
10.8
10.8
11.4

0.5
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.7

2008

63.8

26.0

74.6

108.4

113.1

58.4

12.6

0.7

51

Population and vital statistics

5.17

Live births: by age of mother and country

continued

Numbers
All ages

Under 20

20 - 24

25 - 29

30 - 34

35 - 39

40 - 44

45 and over

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

KGTH
57 319
55 147
53 076
52 527
51 270

KGTA
4 802
4 755
4 599
4 444
4 195

KGTB
9 804
9 440
8 962
9 121
9 267

KGTC
17 477
16 011
14 676
13 763
12 694

KGTD
17 207
16 722
16 233
16 206
16 038

KGTE
6 893
7 034
7 395
7 701
7 727

KGTF
1 027
1 096
1 133
1 224
1 267

KGTG
43
41
29
40
47

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

52 432
53 957
54 386
55 690
57 781

4 155
4 172
4 171
4 130
4 305

9 626
9 950
10 008
10 399
10 913

12 725
13 131
13 229
13 876
14 917

16 085
16 085
15 962
15 878
15 622

8 310
8 912
9 179
9 535
10 035

1 432
1 631
1 694
1 775
1 849

39
50
66
58
83

2008

60 041

4 279

11 373

16 171

16 028

10 025

2 044

95

Scotland
All live births1

Age-specific fertility rates

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

KGTP
52.7
50.9
49.2
48.8
48.1

KGTI
30.6
30.3
29.3
28.4
26.8

KGTJ
62.8
61.0
57.6
57.8
58.3

KGTK
94.3
90.4
86.5
85.1
83.3

KGTL
83.2
82.0
81.3
82.2
83.6

KGTM
34.1
34.3
35.6
36.9
37.1

KGTN
5.7
5.9
6.0
6.3
6.4

KGTO
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

49.4
51.0
51.5
52.8
54.8

26.3
26.1
26.2
25.8
26.9

60.1
61.8
60.9
61.9
63.6

86.5
89.4
88.6
90.2
93.1

86.8
90.3
93.2
97.1
100.1

40.0
43.3
45.4
47.8
51.3

7.1
7.9
8.1
8.4
8.8

0.2
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4

2008

57.2

26.8

65.3

98.1

105.4

53.1

10.2

0.5

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

KMDM
23 668
22 957
21 512
21 962
21 385

KMDF
1 735
1 791
1 614
1 524
1 502

KMDG
3 889
3 874
3 602
3 699
3 619

KMDH
7 451
6 866
6 206
6 087
5 779

KMDI
7 170
6 953
6 547
6 891
6 691

KMDJ
2 955
2 957
3 031
3 183
3 203

KMDK
446
497
496
548
565

KMDL
22
19
16
30
26

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

21 648
22 318
22 328
23 272
24 451

1 483
1 486
1 395
1 427
1 405

3 619
3 592
3 738
3 944
4 028

5 817
5 935
5 936
6 282
6 789

6 772
6 985
6 961
7 048
7 274

3 342
3 712
3 610
3 823
4 184

596
592
669
712
741

19
16
19
36
30

2008

25 631

1 426

4 264

7 335

7 486

4 275

810

35

Northern Ireland
All live births2

2,3

Age-specific fertility rates

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

KMDU
65.0
62.9
58.7
59.7
58.1

KMDN
27.8
28.6
25.6
23.9
23.3

KMDO
69.6
70.6
66.0
67.5
66.0

KMDP
119.0
112.3
103.9
105.1
102.9

KMDQ
108.4
105.6
100.4
106.0
104.2

KMDR
47.2
46.1
46.2
48.0
48.2

KMDS
8.2
8.9
8.5
9.1
9.2

KMDT
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.6
0.5

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

59.0
60.6
60.4
62.5
65.1

22.9
23.0
21.7
22.5
22.5

65.5
62.8
63.2
63.6
62.6

106.8
109.8
108.6
112.0
116.1

107.0
112.6
114.8
119.2
124.6

50.2
56.1
55.0
58.2
64.2

9.8
9.5
10.2
10.8
11.1

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.6
0.5

2008

68.2

23.0

65.6

120.5

131.1

67.0

12.6

0.6

1 The All ages gure for Scotland includes births to mothers whose age was
not known. There were 66 such births in 1998, 48 in 1999, 49 in 2000, 28 in
2001, 35 in 2002, 60 in 2003, 26 in 2004,
77 in 2005, 39 in 2006, 57 in 2007 and 26 in 2008.
2 From 1981 data for the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland have been revised to exclude births in Northern Ireland to non residents in Northern Ireland.
3 The rates for women of all ages, under 20, and 45 and over are based upon
the populations of women aged 15-44, 15-19 and 45 respectively.

52

Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444410;


General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

Population and vital statistics

5.18

Legal abortions1: by age for residents

All ages

Numbers
Under 15

15

16 - 19

20 - 24

25 - 29

30 - 34

35 - 39

40 - 44

45 and
over

Not
stated

England and Wales

1987
1988
1989
1990
1991

C53Z
156 191
168 298
170 463
173 900
167 376

C542
907
859
803
873
886

C543
2 858
2 709
2 580
2 549
2 272

C544
35 167
37 928
36 182
35 520
31 130

C545
49 256
54 067
54 880
55 281
52 678

C546
31 243
34 584
36 604
38 770
38 611

C547
18 960
20 000
21 284
22 431
23 445

C548
12 639
12 681
12 713
12 956
13 035

C549
4 757
5 047
5 020
5 104
4 901

C54A
390
412
388
404
408

C54B
14
11
9
12
10

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996

160 501
157 846
156 539
154 315
167 916

905
964
1 080
946
1 098

2 095
2 119
2 166
2 324
2 547

27 589
25 806
25 223
24 945
28 790

49 052
46 846
44 871
43 394
46 356

38 430
38 139
38 081
37 254
39 311

23 870
24 690
25 507
25 759
28 228

13 252
13 885
14 156
14 352
16 118

4 844
4 889
5 008
4 868
5 027

452
494
440
457
428

12
14
7
16
13

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

170 145
177 871
173 701
175 542
176 364

1 020
1 103
1 066
1 048
1 066

2 414
2 656
2 537
2 700
2 592

29 947
33 236
32 807
33 218
33 431

44 960
45 766
45 004
47 099
48 267

40 159
40 366
38 492
37 852
36 506

28 892
30 449
29 139
28 735
28 782

16 858
18 174
18 341
18 589
19 146

5 413
5 576
5 755
5 794
6 094

482
511
502
459
456

..
34
58
48
24

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

175 932
181 582
185 415
186 416
193 737

1 075
1 171
1 034
1 083
1 042

2 658
2 796
2 722
2 703
2 948

32 985
34 247
35 386
35 313
37 296

48 359
51 2012
52 7012
53 342
55 340

35 795
36 018
37 759
38 330
40 396

28 503
28 749
28 064
27 836
28 153

19 450
19 868
19 820
19 782
20 074

6 531
7 032
7 422
7 459
7 825

457
500
507
568
663

119

2007
2008

198 499
195 296

1 171
1 097

3 205
3 016

39 579
38 577

56 963
56 171

41 704
41 896

27 257
26 985

19 976
19 228

7 915
7 663

729
663

1987
1988
1989
1990
1991

C54C
9 449
10 111
10 191
10 198
11 046

C54D
70
65
53
54
77

C54E
210
217
209
185
203

C54F
2 415
2 526
2 554
2 536
2 567

C54G
2 991
3 299
3 199
3 235
3 479

C54H
1 728
1 965
1 967
2 061
2 247

C54I
1 082
1 105
1 225
1 157
1 443

C54J
695
662
704
698
740

C54K
241
257
266
253
262

C54L
17
15
14
19
28

EVH4

1992
1993
1994
1995
1996

10 791
11 059
11 371
11 131
11 957

73
92
78
79
87

173
193
214
233
234

2 368
2 297
2 311
2 168
2 360

3 383
3 365
3 480
3 395
3 569

2 283
2 443
2 427
2 437
2 595

1 444
1 489
1 640
1 606
1 798

798
889
876
885
957

252
262
315
295
330

17
29
30
33
27

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

12 087
12 458
12 140
11 976
12 108

85
73
69
93
66

204
213
182
181
210

2 429
2 703
2 628
2 606
2 717

3 438
3 419
3 349
3 348
3 459

2 644
2 740
2 546
2 400
2 315

1 849
1 801
1 807
1 765
1 815

1 091
1 148
1 178
1 174
1 126

322
339
358
381
377

25
22
23
28
23

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

11 840
12 267
12 419
12 605
13 109

80
71
104
94
91

194
242
207
248
273

2 646
2 781
2 901
2 966
3 085

3 447
3 673
3 689
3 765
3 967

2 165
2 224
2 261
2 334
2 433

1 731
1 725
1 660
1 682
1 614

1 166
1 112
1 182
1 094
1 205

382
411
383
397
413

29
28
32
25
28

2007
20083

13 672
13 762

98
94

275
247

3 170
3 125

4 108
4 259

2 722
2 736

1 636
1 641

1 219
1 204

407
427

37
29

Scotland

1 Refers to therapeutic abortions notied in accordance with the Abortion Act


1967.
2 Records with missing ages were assigned to the 20 - 24 age group.
3 Provisional.

Sources: Department of Health;


Notifications (to the Chief Medical Officer for Scotland) of abortions performed;
under the Abortion Act 1967: ISD Scotland

53

Population and vital statistics

5.19

Deaths: by sex and age1


Numbers
All
ages2

Under
1 year

1-4

5-9

10-14

15-19

20-24

25-34

35-44

45-54

55-64

65-74

75-84

85 and
over

Males
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

340 664
303 703
284 876
284 249
314 643
307 312
318 850
335 166
330 495
312 521
288 261

87 242
63 885
48 044
28 840
24 624
14 105
12 234
9 158
4 829
3 315
2 065

37 834
29 452
19 008
11 276
6 949
2 585
1 733
1 485
774
623
365

8 429
7 091
6 052
4 580
3 400
1 317
971
1 019
527
372
233

4 696
4 095
3 953
2 890
2 474
919
871
802
652
396
326

7 047
5 873
5 906
5 076
4 653
1 498
1 718
1 778
1 999
1 349
1 032

8 766
6 817
6 572
6 495
4 246
2 289
1 857
2 104
1 943
2 059
1 502

19 154
16 141
13 663
12 327
11 506
5 862
3 842
3 590
3 736
4 334
4 270

24 739
21 813
19 702
16 326
17 296
11 074
8 753
7 733
6 568
6 979
7 181

30 488
28 981
29 256
29 376
30 082
27 637
26 422
24 608
19 728
15 412
15 370

37 610
37 721
40 583
47 989
57 076
53 691
63 009
64 898
54 159
40 424
32 328

39 765
45 140
49 398
63 804
79 652
86 435
87 542
105 058
105 155
87 849
66 808

28 320
29 397
34 937
45 247
59 733
79 768
83 291
82 905
98 488
106 376
98 363

6 563
7 283
7 801
10 022
12 900
20 131
26 605
30 027
31 936
43 032
58 419

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

KHUA
301 713
299 655
299 235
291 337
287 942

KHUB
2 414
2 315
2 323
2 136
2 052

KHUC
465
465
459
390
358

KHUD
301
297
260
263
230

KHUE
366
361
333
305
369

KHUF
1 134
1 145
1 088
1 068
1 106

KHUG
1 738
1 651
1 548
1 595
1 518

KHUH
4 558
4 782
4 647
4 491
4 459

KHUI
6 678
6 893
6 930
7 168
7 275

KHUJ
15 770
15 836
15 862
15 458
15 668

KHUK
33 910
33 673
33 181
32 661
32 135

KHUL
78 121
75 608
73 457
69 707
66 257

KHUM
101 817
101 066
101 327
98 398
98 041

KHUN
54 441
55 563
57 820
57 697
58 474

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

289 083
289 185
278 918
277 349
274 201

2 050
2 047
2 033
2 117
2 078

382
356
345
339
328

224
228
206
194
213

327
308
282
312
299

1 071
1 013
975
1 022
1 008

1 575
1 586
1 484
1 449
1 482

4 345
4 041
3 831
3 660
3 712

7 362
7 530
7 454
7 454
7 485

15 222
14 692
14 510
14 241
14 406

32 509
32 895
31 660
31 645
32 012

65 140
63 520
60 760
58 828
56 319

99 387
100 900
98 466
95 641
92 532

59 489
60 069
56 912
60 447
62 327

2007
2008

274 883
276 745

2 106
2 123

379
319

200
211

270
218

979
955

1 491
1 487

3 711
3 718

7 423
7 519

14 045
14 420

31 994
31 406

55 338
55 445

91 488
90 367

65 459
68 557

Females
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

322 058
289 608
274 772
275 336
296 646
291 597
304 871
322 968
330 269
328 218
317 356

68 770
49 865
35 356
21 072
17 936
10 293
8 887
6 666
3 561
2 431
1 586

36 164
27 817
17 323
9 995
5 952
2 098
1 334
1 183
585
485
283

8 757
7 113
5 808
3 990
2 743
880
627
654
355
259
188

5 034
4 355
4 133
2 734
2 068
625
522
459
425
255
208

6 818
5 683
5 729
4 721
4 180
1 115
684
718
733
520
446

8 264
6 531
6 753
5 931
5 028
1 717
811
900
772
714
536

18 702
15 676
14 878
12 699
11 261
5 018
2 504
2 110
2 099
1 989
1 877

21 887
19 647
18 121
15 373
14 255
8 989
6 513
5 345
4 360
4 340
4 426

25 679
24 481
24 347
24 695
23 629
18 875
16 720
15 594
12 206
9 707
10 270

34 521
32 813
34 026
39 471
42 651
37 075
36 078
36 177
32 052
25 105
20 549

42 456
46 453
48 573
59 520
70 907
75 220
73 118
75 599
72 618
61 951
47 324

34 907
37 353
45 521
56 250
71 377
92 848
105 956
109 539
117 760
115 467
101 650

10 099
11 828
14 203
18 886
24 658
36 844
51 117
68 024
82 743
104 994
128 012

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

KIUA
330 804
327 937
330 241
319 242
316 451

KIUB
1 863
1 744
1 736
1 677
1 639

KIUC
336
339
346
288
299

KIUD
221
221
195
181
218

KIUE
236
233
244
215
200

KIUF
489
511
487
468
447

KIUG
587
554
567
573
557

KIUH
1 953
2 015
1 963
1 975
1 895

KIUI
4 320
4 316
4 359
4 488
4 475

KIUJ
10 451
10 441
10 400
10 477
10 354

KIUK
21 103
20 819
20 963
20 620
20 479

KIUL
55 947
54 048
52 098
49 138
47 138

KIUM
108 777
106 703
106 323
102 052
101 135

KIUN
124 521
125 993
130 560
127 090
127 615

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

318 962
322 900
305 873
305 615
298 023

1 488
1 639
1 626
1 555
1 659

280
309
279
256
303

181
182
160
153
151

229
237
201
216
201

456
441
480
450
437

556
563
572
557
520

1 838
1 869
1 765
1 684
1 604

4 380
4 506
4 486
4 432
4 434

10 080
9 870
9 463
9 492
9 474

20 707
20 974
20 500
20 655
20 855

46 094
45 374
43 118
41 839
40 290

102 503
105 182
100 775
98 338
92 877

130 170
131 754
122 448
125 988
125 218

2007
2008

299 797
302 952

1 627
1 622

266
296

137
158

212
161

423
430

522
544

1 575
1 667

4 398
4 446

9 487
9 680

21 026
21 060

39 685
39 496

90 822
89 459

129 617
133 933

United Kingdom

54

Population and vital statistics

5.19

Deaths: by sex and age1

continued

Numbers
All
ages2

Under
1 year

1-4

5-9

10-14

15-19

20-24

25-34

35-44

45-54

55-64

65-74

75-84

85 and
over

Males
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

288 886
257 253
240 605
243 147
268 876
266 879
278 369
293 934
290 352
275 550
253 706

76 095
54 678
39 796
23 331
19 393
11 498
10 157
7 818
4 168
2 926
1 836

32 051
24 676
15 565
9 099
5 616
2 131
1 444
1 259
657
545
323

7 066
5 907
5 151
3 844
2 834
1 087
812
860
452
325
200

3 818
3 348
3 314
2 435
2 051
778
742
677
555
338
282

5 611
4 765
4 901
4 354
3 832
1 248
1 523
1 524
1 716
1 157
862

7 028
5 596
5 447
5 580
3 156
1 947
1 624
1 788
1 619
1 757
1 244

15 869
13 603
11 551
10 600
9 484
4 990
3 278
3 079
3 169
3 717
3 619

21 135
18 665
17 004
14 041
14 744
9 489
7 524
6 637
5 590
6 057
6 104

26 065
24 820
25 073
25 657
25 983
23 815
22 813
21 348
16 909
13 258
13 184

31 600
32 217
34 639
41 581
50 058
46 948
54 908
56 667
47 144
34 977
27 696

33 568
38 016
42 025
54 910
68 791
75 774
77 000
92 389
92 485
77 063
58 114

23 835
24 928
29 685
39 091
51 779
69 496
73 180
73 365
87 338
94 672
87 481

5 144
6 036
6 455
8 624
11 158
17 677
23 364
26 522
28 551
38 757
52 761

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

KHVA
266 164
264 202
263 166
256 698
253 608

KHVB
2 160
2 058
2 080
1 902
1 818

KHVC
421
415
408
345
329

KHVD
268
254
221
227
192

KHVE
327
309
289
263
320

KHVF
970
962
905
898
927

KHVG
1 468
1 404
1 265
1 328
1 276

KHVH
3 915
4 111
3 978
3 849
3 830

KHVI
5 718
5 886
5 918
6 135
6 184

KHVJ
13 565
13 606
13 633
13 355
13 424

KHVK
29 110
28 947
28 532
28 003
27 599

KHVL
68 275
65 989
64 017
60 801
57 638

KHVM
90 659
90 048
89 963
87 449
87 238

KHVN
49 308
50 213
51 957
52 143
52 833

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

254 390
254 433
245 208
243 870
240 888

1 831
1 827
1 809
1 877
1 863

329
310
303
297
292

198
203
174
166
187

286
263
252
272
261

912
852
833
856
844

1 310
1 348
1 257
1 217
1 212

3 665
3 478
3 281
3 146
3 132

6 255
6 440
6 360
6 362
6 315

13 011
12 697
12 417
12 158
12 256

27 807
28 291
27 117
27 292
27 551

56 584
55 064
52 709
51 019
48 881

88 493
89 596
87 367
84 661
81 912

53 709
54 064
51 329
54 547
56 182

2007
2008

240 780
243 014

1 882
1 920

339
284

182
180

226
190

797
779

1 218
1 255

3 138
3 088

6 264
6 419

11 893
12 269

27 508
27 093

47 830
47 862

80 573
79 799

58 930
61 876

Females
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

269 432
242 079
229 908
233 915
253 702
252 176
266 849
284 181
290 026
288 851
279 482

60 090
42 642
29 178
16 929
14 174
8 367
7 409
5 677
3 064
2 161
1 412

30 674
23 335
14 174
8 013
4 726
1 727
1 103
1 020
511
420
251

7 278
5 883
4 928
3 338
2 265
732
527
562
301
227
168

4 010
3 519
3 456
2 293
1 695
520
444
396
365
217
182

5 265
4 522
4 719
3 969
3 426
893
591
620
635
455
382

6 497
5 256
5 533
5 039
4 198
1 365
700
806
670
625
455

15 065
12 742
12 244
10 716
9 470
4 131
2 147
1 814
1 821
1 718
1 629

18 253
16 363
15 142
13 022
12 093
7 586
5 576
4 585
3 740
3 765
3 805

21 474
20 611
20 580
21 190
20 413
16 161
14 389
13 417
10 420
8 347
8 893

28 424
27 571
28 633
33 798
36 814
31 875
31 083
31 222
27 606
21 466
17 659

35 307
38 489
41 010
50 844
60 987
65 087
63 543
65 817
63 023
53 783
40 734

29 118
31 363
38 439
48 531
61 891
81 154
93 548
96 952
103 676
101 752
89 387

7 977
9 782
11 871
16 234
21 550
32 579
45 789
61 293
74 194
93 914
114 525

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

KIVA
291 888
289 233
290 366
281 179
278 890

KIVB
1 664
1 547
1 555
1 497
1 449

KIVC
300
301
308
257
272

KIVD
183
185
168
160
198

KIVE
206
207
219
191
171

KIVF
428
432
399
403
386

KIVG
503
466
484
504
472

KIVH
1 711
1 768
1 707
1 702
1 665

KIVI
3 734
3 705
3 773
3 853
3 858

KIVJ
9 055
9 077
8 999
9 108
8 984

KIVK
18 053
17 872
17 949
17 722
17 608

KIVL
48 553
46 742
44 958
42 318
40 639

KIVM
96 009
94 281
93 360
89 651
89 036

KIVN
111 489
112 650
116 487
113 813
114 152

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

280 966
284 718
269 042
269 123
261 711

1 337
1 479
1 462
1 371
1 505

240
278
251
222
267

160
159
140
134
135

204
209
173
189
169

391
370
410
379
381

467
485
494
478
444

1 597
1 636
1 536
1 481
1 382

3 767
3 884
3 855
3 805
3 802

8 689
8 554
8 139
8 175
8 098

17 807
18 001
17 649
17 797
17 948

39 645
39 001
37 041
35 913
34 502

90 213
92 694
88 404
86 309
81 210

116 449
117 968
109 488
112 870
111 868

2007
2008

263 265
266 076

1 456
1 449

235
270

121
137

192
140

357
351

453
458

1 360
1 445

3 787
3 811

8 072
8 291

18 166
18 187

33 903
33 883

79 411
77 827

115 752
119 827

England and Wales

55

Population and vital statistics

5.19

Deaths: by sex and age1

continued

Numbers

All
ages2

Under
1 year

1-4

5-9

10-14

15-19

20-24

25-34

35-44

45-54

55-64

65-74

75-84

85 and
over

Males
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

40 224
35 981
34 649
32 476
36 384
32 236
32 401
32 446
31 723
29 421
27 526

9 189
7 510
6 757
4 426
3 973
1 949
1 578
944
451
287
165

4 798
3 935
2 847
1 771
1 011
349
222
168
80
57
30

1 083
962
710
610
449
175
121
119
56
34
23

672
595
489
365
321
105
102
93
71
40
30

1 069
826
747
568
668
200
146
178
206
137
119

1 292
910
791
706
888
265
185
233
233
230
196

2 506
1 969
1 616
1 352
1 643
693
456
396
423
485
523

2 935
2 469
2 128
1 848
2 090
1 267
1 013
875
776
744
882

3 591
3 325
3 314
2 979
3 348
3 151
2 986
2 617
2 280
1 730
1 775

4 597
4 356
4 785
5 095
5 728
5 574
6 682
6 641
5 601
4 402
3 781

4 531
5 113
5 624
6 906
8 556
8 544
8 505
10 176
10 152
8 611
7 038

3 117
3 182
3 928
4 839
6 317
8 094
7 980
7 383
8 804
9 311
8 535

834
813
911
1 010
1 337
1 871
2 425
2 624
2 591
3 353
4 430

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

KHWA
28 305
28 132
28 605
27 511
27 324

KHWB
186
183
161
173
155

KHWC
32
37
31
33
22

KHWD
22
34
23
24
27

KHWE
27
39
33
28
35

KHWF
114
134
138
115
131

KHWG
208
200
215
198
179

KHWH
521
524
545
512
510

KHWI
788
843
818
842
902

KHWJ
1 794
1 796
1 820
1 716
1 820

KHWK
3 876
3 828
3 773
3 789
3 751

KHWL
7 909
7 746
7 569
7 224
6 950

KHWM
8 791
8 585
8 908
8 523
8 433

KHWN
4 037
4 183
4 571
4 334
4 409

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

27 743
27 832
26 775
26 522
26 251

167
146
160
159
145

34
35
29
33
21

17
15
21
19
18

27
31
23
30
21

111
122
105
106
112

211
186
181
150
206

546
469
449
385
461

901
893
889
882
938

1 789
1 634
1 676
1 654
1 697

3 804
3 787
3 629
3 478
3 567

6 940
6 797
6 507
6 352
5 966

8 648
8 994
8 733
8 691
8 353

4 548
4 723
4 373
4 583
4 746

2007
2008

26 895
26 504

154
140

25
22

13
19

31
16

127
106

207
174

461
503

908
868

1 685
1 715

3 572
3 481

6 082
6 052

8 547
8 290

5 083
5 118

Females
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

39 891
36 132
34 449
32 377
33 715
31 525
30 559
30 978
32 326
31 747
30 235

7 143
5 854
5 029
3 319
2 852
1 432
1 107
694
337
190
123

4 477
3 674
2 602
1 602
921
284
170
118
49
45
24

1 162
981
687
527
373
115
80
69
37
20
14

747
618
489
339
283
84
63
46
44
29
21

1 058
836
711
568
595
185
72
73
74
49
50

1 246
910
889
666
656
293
87
74
73
72
64

2 625
2 149
1 947
1 508
1 382
714
287
231
213
218
199

2 732
2 473
2 266
1 812
1 672
1 127
762
608
493
458
493

3 130
2 909
2 828
2 731
2 528
2 188
1 897
1 769
1 456
1 093
1 110

4 485
3 960
4 157
4 380
4 630
4 204
4 115
4 036
3 565
2 966
2 341

5 273
5 636
5 587
6 630
7 674
8 157
7 752
7 823
7 781
6 630
5 326

4 305
4 588
5 443
6 178
7 613
9 310
9 991
10 112
11 333
11 079
9 785

1 508
1 552
1 814
2 117
2 536
3 431
4 177
5 324
6 871
8 898
10 685

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

KIWA
31 189
31 032
31 676
30 288
30 058

KIWB
130
137
115
132
135

KIWC
23
26
26
20
20

KIWD
28
28
20
10
16

KIWE
21
19
17
21
21

KIWF
43
55
65
46
47

KIWG
71
68
58
56
71

KIWH
199
198
201
222
189

KIWI
496
485
467
510
480

KIWJ
1 128
1 106
1 128
1 086
1 111

KIWK
2 480
2 416
2 431
2 324
2 361

KIWL
5 985
5 955
5 837
5 512
5 235

KIWM
10 164
9 913
10 198
9 875
9 695

KIWN
10 421
10 626
11 113
10 474
10 677

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

30 360
30 640
29 412
29 225
28 842

103
119
106
125
103

32
24
19
27
26

15
18
15
11
11

20
20
22
18
17

58
57
52
55
40

65
64
62
58
58

185
181
179
163
170

489
489
492
506
497

1 134
1 062
1 065
1 073
1 090

2 339
2 446
2 291
2 316
2 351

5 232
5 194
4 924
4 841
4 722

9 784
9 977
9 924
9 620
9 303

10 904
10 989
10 261
10 412
10 454

2007
2008

29 091
29 196

118
113

26
17

11
11

14
18

50
55

52
68

166
172

490
497

1 124
1 083

2 311
2 315

4 732
4 560

9 083
9 299

10 914
10 988

Scotland

56

Population and vital statistics

5.19

Deaths: by sex and age1

continued

Numbers
All
ages2

Under
1 year

1-4

5-9

10-14

15-19

20-24

25-34

35-44

45-54

55-64

65-74

75-84

85 and
over

11 554
10 469
9 622
8 626
9 383
8 197
8 080
8 786
8 420
7 550
7 029

1 958
1 697
1 491
1 083
1 258
658
499
396
211
102
64

985
841
596
406
322
105
67
58
37
21
13

280
222
191
126
117
55
38
40
20
13
11

206
152
150
90
102
36
27
32
26
18
14

367
282
258
154
153
50
49
76
77
55
50

446
311
334
209
202
77
48
83
92
73
62

779
569
496
375
379
179
108
115
144
132
128

669
679
570
437
462
318
216
221
202
178
195

832
836
869
740
751
671
623
643
539
423
411

1 413
1 148
1 159
1 313
1 290
1 169
1 419
1 590
1 414
1 044
851

1 666
2 011
1 749
1 988
2 305
2 117
2 037
2 493
2 518
2 175
1 656

1 368
1 287
1 324
1 317
1 637
2 178
2 131
2 157
2 346
2 393
2 347

585
434
435
388
405
583
816
881
795
922
1228

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

KHXA
7 244
7 321
7 464
7 128
7 007

KHXB
68
74
82
61
79

KHXC
12.0
13.0
20.0
12.0
7.0

KHXD
11
9
16
12
11

KHXE
12
13
11
14
14

KHXF
50
49
45
55
48

KHXG
62
47
68
69
63

KHXH
122
147
124
130
119

KHXI
172
164
194
191
189

KHXJ
411
434
409
387
423

KHXK
924
898
876
869
785

KHXL
1 937
1 873
1 871
1 682
1 669

KHXM
2 367
2 433
2 456
2 426
2 370

KHXN
1 096
1 167
1 292
1 220
1 231

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

6 948
6 920
6 935
6 957
7 062

52
74
64
81
70

19.0
11.0
13.0
9.0
15.0

9
10
11
9
8

14
14
7
10
17

48
39
37
60
52

54
52
46
82
64

134
94
101
129
119

206
197
205
210
232

421
361
417
429
453

898
817
914
875
894

1 616
1 659
1 544
1 457
1 472

2 245
2 310
2 366
2 289
2 267

1 232
1 282
1 210
1 317
1 399

2007
2008

7 208
7 227

70
63

15.0
13.0

5
12

13
12

55
70

66
58

112
127

251
232

467
436

914
832

1 426
1 531

2 368
2 278

1 446
1 563

12 735
11 397
10 415
9 044
9 229
7 896
7 463
7 809
7 917
7 620
7 638

1 537
1 369
1 149
824
910
494
371
295
160
80
50

1 013
808
547
380
305
87
61
45
26
20
9

317
249
193
125
105
33
20
23
17
12
7

277
218
188
102
90
21
15
17
17
9
5

495
325
299
184
159
37
21
25
23
16
13

521
365
331
226
174
59
24
20
29
17
17

1 012
785
687
475
409
173
70
65
65
53
49

902
811
713
539
490
276
175
152
127
117
129

1 075
961
939
774
688
526
434
408
329
267
266

1 612
1 282
1 236
1 293
1 207
996
880
919
881
672
548

1 876
2 328
1 976
2 046
2 246
1 976
1 823
1 959
1 813
1 538
1 263

1 484
1 402
1 639
1 541
1 873
2 384
2 417
2 475
2 752
2 636
2 479

614
494
518
535
572
834
1 151
1 407
1 678
2 182
2 802

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

KIXA
7 727
7 672
8 199
7 775
7 506

KIXB
69
60
66
48
55

KIXC
13
12
12
11
7

KIXD
10
8
7
11
4

KIXE
9
7
8
3
8

KIXF
18
24
23
19
14

KIXG
13
20
25
13
14

KIXH
43
49
55
51
41

KIXI
90
126
119
125
137

KIXJ
268
258
273
283
260

KIXK
570
531
583
574
510

KIXL
1 409
1 351
1 303
1 308
1 265

KIXM
2 604
2 509
2 765
2 526
2 404

KIXN
2 611
2 717
2 960
2 803
2 787

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

7 638
7 542
7 419
7 267
7 470

48
41
58
59
51

8
7
9
7
10

6
5
5
8
5

5
8
6
9
15

7
14
18
16
16

24
14
16
21
18

56
52
50
40
52

124
133
139
121
135

258
254
259
244
286

561
527
560
542
556

1 217
1 179
1 153
1 085
1 066

2 507
2 511
2 447
2 409
2 364

2 817
2 797
2 699
2 706
2 896

2007
2008

7 441
7 680

53
60

5
9

5
10

6
3

16
24

17
18

49
50

121
138

291
306

549
558

1 050
1 053

2 328
2 333

2 951
3 118

Northern Ireland
Males
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

Females
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

1 See chapter text.


2 In some years the totals include a small number of persons whose age was
not stated.

Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444410;


General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

57

Population and vital statistics

5.20

Infant and maternal mortality1


(i) - By country. (ii) - Infant mortality by country, type of death and sex
Maternal deaths per thousand
live bir ths3

Deaths of Infants under 1 year of age per thousand live bir ths
England and Wales2

United Kingdom
Total Males Females

Total

Scotland

Males Females

Northern Ireland

Total Males Females

United
Total Males Females Kingdom

England
and
Nor thern
Wales Scotland
Ireland

1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42

142
110
82
67
59

156
121
92
75
66

128
98
71
58
51

146
110
80
64
55

160
121
90
72
62

131
98
69
55
48

124
109
94
84
77

136
120
106
94
87

111
97
82
73
66

113
101
86
75
80

123
110
95
83
89

103
92
77
66
70

4.71
3.95
4.37
4.54
3.29

4.67
3.67
4.03
4.24
2.74

4.74
5.65
6.36
6.40
4.50

6.03
5.28
5.62
5.24
3.79

1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

30
22
18
12
7
5

34
25
20
13
8
6

26
19
16
10
6
5

29
22
18
11
7
5

33
24
20
13
8
6

25
19
15
10
6
5

37
26
19
12
7
5

42
30
22
13
8
6

32
22
17
10
6
5

40
27
22
13
7
5

45
30
24
15
8
6

36
24
20
12
6
5

0.88
0.36
0.17
0.09
0.07
0.07

0.79
0.36
0.17
0.09
0.07
0.06

1.09
0.37
0.17
0.14
0.10
0.12

1.09
0.43
0.12
0.06
0.05

KKCW KKCX KKCY


4.5
5.6
5.5
4.9
5.6
6.1
4.3
6.4
6.8
5.1
5.0
5.4
5.2
6.0
6.9

KKCZ
5.8
5.1
5.9
4.6
5.1

KKDW
0.06
0.07
0.05
0.07
0.07

KKDX
0.06
0.07
0.05
0.06
0.07

KKDY
0.07
0.09
0.13
0.15
0.11

KKDZ

0.04

0.09

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

KKAW KKAX
5.8
6.4
5.7
6.3
5.8
6.4
5.6
6.1
5.5
6.0

KKAY KKAZ KKBW


5.3
5.9
6.5
5.0
5.7
6.4
5.1
5.8
6.5
5.0
5.6
6.1
5.0
5.4
5.9

KKBX KKBY KKBZ


5.3
5.3
6.1
5.0
5.6
6.2
5.1
5.0
5.7
5.1
5.7
6.4
4.9
5.5
5.8

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

5.2
5.3
5.0
5.1
5.0

5.9
5.7
5.5
5.7
5.4

4.5
4.9
4.6
4.5
4.5

5.2
5.3
5.0
5.0
5.0

5.9
5.7
5.5
5.7
5.4

4.5
4.9
4.6
4.4
4.6

5.3
5.1
4.9
5.2
4.5

6.4
5.4
5.8
5.7
5.1

4.1
4.7
4.0
4.8
3.8

4.6
5.2
5.3
6.1
5.1

4.7
6.5
5.4
7.0
5.7

4.5
3.9
5.2
5.3
4.4

0.06
0.10
0.07
0.06
0.07

0.06
0.07
0.07
0.06
0.06

0.10
0.10
0.11
0.07
0.13

0.05
0.14
0.04
0.04
0.13

2007
2008

4.8
4.7

5.3
5.2

4.3
4.2

4.8
4.8

5.3
5.3

4.3
4.2

4.7
4.2

5.2
4.6

4.2
3.8

4.9
4.7

5.5
4.7

4.4
4.7

0.07
0.06

0.07
0.06

0.14
0.08

58

Population and vital statistics

5.20

mortality1

Infant and maternal


(i) - By country. (ii) - Infant mortality by country, type of death and sex

continued

Deaths per thousand live bir ths


1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Total
United Kingdom:
Stillbir ths4
Perinatal4
Neonatal
Post neonatal

KHNQ
KHNR
KHNS
KHNT

5.4
8.3
3.8
1.9

5.3
8.2
3.9
1.9

5.3
8.1
3.9
1.7

5.3
8.0
3.6
1.8

5.6
8.3
3.5
1.7

5.7
8.5
3.6
1.7

5.7
8.3
3.4
1.6

5.3
8.0
3.5
1.6

5.3
7.9
3.5
1.5

5.2
7.7
3.3
1.5

5.1
7.5
3.2
1.5

England and Wales:


Stillbir ths4
Perinatal4
Neonatal
Post neonatal

KHNU
KHNV
KHNW
KHNX

5.3
8.2
3.8
1.9

5.3
8.2
3.9
1.9

5.3
8.2
3.9
1.7

5.3
8.0
3.6
1.9

5.6
8.3
3.6
1.7

5.7
8.5
3.6
1.7

5.7
8.4
3.5
1.6

5.4
8.0
3.4
1.6

5.4
8.0
3.5
1.5

5.2
7.7
3.3
1.5

5.1
7.6
3.2
1.5

Scotland:
Stillbir ths4
Perinatal4
Neonatal
Post neonatal

KHNY
KHNZ
KHOA
KHOB

6.1
8.7
3.6
2.0

5.2
7.6
3.3
1.7

5.6
8.4
4.0
1.8

5.7
8.5
3.8
1.7

5.4
7.6
3.2
2.1

5.6
8.0
3.4
1.7

5.8
8.1
3.1
1.9

5.3
7.7
3.5
1.7

5.3
7.4
3.5
1.5

5.6
7.8
3.3
1.5

5.4
7.4
2.8
1.4

Nor thern Ireland:


Stillbir ths4
Perinatal4
Neonatal
Post neonatal

KHOC
KHOD
KHOE
KHOF

5.1
8.1
3.9
1.7

5.7
10.0
4.8
1.6

4.3
7.2
3.8
1.2

5.1
8.4
4.4
1.6

5.7
8.7
3.4
1.2

5.0
8.0
3.9
1.3

5.0
8.0
3.6
1.7

4.0
8.1
4.9
1.3

3.8
6.9
3.8
1.3

4.2
6.9
3.2
1.7

4.5
7.4
3.6
1.1

United Kingdom:
Perinatal4
Neonatal
Infant mortality

KHOG
KHOH
KHOI

8.8
4.2
6.3

8.7
4.3
6.4

8.7
4.2
6.1

8.6
4.0
6.0

8.9
4.0
5.9

8.8
3.9
5.7

8.8
3.8
5.5

8.3
3.9
5.7

8.3
3.9
5.5

8.1
3.6
5.3

7.9
3.6
5.2

England and Wales:


Perinatal4
Neonatal
Infant mortality

KHOK
KHOL
KHOM

8.8
4.3
6.4

8.6
4.3
6.5

8.7
4.2
6.1

8.5
3.9
5.9

8.9
4.0
5.9

8.9
3.8
5.7

8.8
3.8
5.5

8.4
3.8
5.7

8.3
3.8
5.4

8.1
3.6
5.3

7.9
3.6
5.3

Scotland:
Perinatal4
Neonatal
Infant mortality

KHOO
KHOP
KHOQ

9.6
4.0
6.2

8.4
3.8
5.7

9.5
4.5
6.4

9.2
4.0
5.8

7.9
3.7
6.4

8.4
3.6
5.4

8.8
3.6
5.8

7.6
3.8
5.7

7.7
4.0
5.6

8.4
3.5
5.2

8.1
3.0
4.6

Nor thern Ireland:


Perinatal4
Neonatal
Infant mortality

KHOS
KHOT
KHOU

8.9
4.4
6.1

10.5
5.5
6.8

7.9
4.2
5.4

9.6
5.2
6.9

9.8
3.7
4.7

8.1
4.6
6.5

8.2
3.7
5.4

9.2
5.5
7.0

7.3
4.6
5.7

7.3
3.4
5.5

7.6
3.7
4.7

United Kingdom:
Perinatal4
Neonatal
Infant mortality

KHOW
KHOX
KHOY

7.7
3.3
5.0

7.8
3.4
5.1

7.5
3.5
5.0

7.4
3.3
5.0

7.7
3.1
4.5

8.2
3.4
4.9

7.9
3.1
4.6

7.6
3.1
4.5

7.5
3.2
4.5

7.3
3.0
4.3

7.1
2.9
4.2

England and Wales:


Perinatal4
Neonatal
Infant mortality

KHPA
KHPB
KHPC

7.7
3.3
5.0

7.8
3.5
5.1

7.6
3.5
5.1

7.3
3.2
4.9

7.7
3.1
4.5

8.2
3.4
4.9

8.0
3.1
4.6

7.6
3.0
4.4

7.6
3.2
4.6

7.4
3.0
4.3

7.2
2.9
4.2

Scotland:
Perinatal4
Neonatal
Infant mortality

KHPE
KHPF
KHPG

7.9
3.2
4.9

6.7
2.8
4.3

7.2
3.5
5.1

7.8
3.5
5.2

7.2
2.6
4.1

7.7
3.1
4.7

7.3
2.5
4.0

7.9
3.2
4.8

7.1
2.9
3.8

7.3
3.0
4.2

6.7
2.6
3.8

Nor thern Ireland:


Perinatal4
Neonatal
Infant mortality

KHPI
KHPJ
KHPK

7.3
3.4
5.1

9.5
4.1
5.9

6.4
3.3
4.6

6.9
3.5
5.1

7.6
3.0
4.5

7.8
3.2
3.9

7.8
3.5
5.2

6.9
4.2
5.3

6.5
2.9
4.4

6.5
3.0
4.4

7.0
3.5
4.7

Males

Females

1 See chapter text.


2 From 1937 to 1956 death rates are based on the births to which they relate
in the current and preceding years.
3 Deaths in pregnancy and childbirth.
4 Deaths per 1,000 live and stillbirths. See chapter introduction.

Sources: Office for National Statistics;


General Register Office for Scotland;
General Register Office (Northern Ireland)

59

Population and vital statistics

5.21

Death rates by sex and age1


United Kingdom
Rates per 1,000 population
All
ages

0-4

5-9

10-14

15-19

20-24

25-34

35-44

45-54

55-64

65-74

75-84

85 and
over

18.4
14.9
13.5
12.9
..
12.6
12.5
12.4
12.1
11.2
10.0

57.0
40.5
33.4
22.3
..
7.7
6.4
4.6
3.2
2.0
1.4

4.1
3.3
2.9
2.3
..
0.7
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1

2.4
2.0
1.8
1.5
..
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2

3.7
3.0
2.9
2.6
..
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.5

5.0
3.9
3.9
3.3
..
1.4
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.8

6.6
5.0
4.5
3.5
..
1.6
1.1
1.0
0.9
1.0
1.0

11.0
8.0
6.9
5.7
..
3.0
2.5
2.4
1.9
1.8
1.6

18.6
14.9
11.9
11.3
..
8.5
7.4
7.3
6.3
4.6
4.0

35.0
29.8
25.3
23.7
..
23.2
22.2
20.9
18.2
14.2
10.4

69.9
62.1
57.8
57.9
..
55.2
54.4
52.9
46.7
38.6
28.9

143.6
133.8
131.8
134.2
..
127.6
123.4
116.3
107.1
93.0
75.2

289.6
261.5
259.1
277.0
..
272.0
251.0
246.1
224.9
201.4
187.7

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

KHZA
10.6
10.5
10.5
10.1
9.9

KHZB
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.3

KHZC
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

KHZD
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

KHZE
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

KHZF
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8

KHZG
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0

KHZH
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6

KHZJ
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0

KHZK
11.8
11.6
11.2
10.7
10.4

KHZL
33.9
33.0
32.2
30.3
28.6

KHZM
83.2
81.8
80.9
76.8
74.8

KHZN
196.7
193.6
195.7
187.9
186.9

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

9.9
9.9
9.5
9.5
9.2

1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.3

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7

1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.9

1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6

4.0
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.7

10.1
9.9
9.3
9.3
9.1

27.8
27.0
25.5
24.8
23.7

74.1
73.6
70.6
68.7
65.5

188.2
191.7
176.3
187.8
164.5

2007
2008

9.2
9.2

1.3
1.3

0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1

0.5
0.5

0.7
0.7

0.9
0.9

1.6
1.7

3.6
3.6

9.0
8.8

23.1
22.7

63.9
62.2

162.5
162.6

16.3
13.3
11.9
11.5
..
11.2
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.1
10.5

47.9
34.0
26.9
17.7
..
6.0
4.9
3.6
2.3
1.5
1.1

4.3
3.3
2.8
2.1
..
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1

2.6
2.1
1.9
1.5
..
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

3.5
2.9
2.8
2.4
..
0.7
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2

4.3
3.4
3.4
2.9
..
1.0
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3

5.8
4.4
4.1
3.3
..
1.4
0.8
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4

9.0
6.7
5.6
4.6
..
2.3
1.8
1.6
1.3
1.1
1.0

14.4
11.5
9.3
8.3
..
5.3
4.5
4.5
3.9
2.9
2.6

27.9
23.1
19.2
17.6
..
12.9
11.0
10.5
9.9
8.4
6.4

59.3
50.7
45.6
43.7
..
35.5
30.8
27.5
24.8
22.1
17.9

127.0
113.7
111.5
110.1
..
98.4
87.3
76.7
67.2
58.7
51.1

262.6
234.0
232.4
246.3
..
228.8
218.5
196.1
179.5
157.2
157.3

1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

KHZO
11.0
11.0
11.0
10.5
10.4

KHZP
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1

KHZQ
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

KHZR
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

KHZS
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2

KHZT
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

KHZU
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.4

KHZV
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

KHZW
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.6

KHZX
7.1
7.0
6.9
6.6
6.4

KHZY
20.5
20.2
19.6
18.5
17.8

KHZZ
55.2
54.4
54.2
51.6
50.8

KHZI
160.3
159.8
163.7
155.8
155.8

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

10.5
10.6
10.0
10.0
9.6

1.0
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

1.0
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9

2.6
2.6
2.4
2.5
2.4

6.2
6.1
5.8
5.9
5.7

17.4
17.1
16.2
15.8
15.2

51.0
51.8
49.3
48.2
46.4

160.3
166.4
155.2
160.1
144.9

2007
2008

9.7
9.7

1.1
1.1

0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1

0.2
0.2

0.3
0.3

0.4
0.4

0.9
1.0

2.3
2.3

5.7
5.7

14.9
14.6

45.6
45.0

144.8
146.6

Males
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

Females
1900 - 02
1910 - 12
1920 - 22
1930 - 32
1940 - 42
1950 - 52
1960 - 62
1970 - 72
1980 - 82
1990 - 92
2000 - 02

1 See chapter text.

60

Sources: Office for National Statistics;


General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

Population and vital statistics

5.22

Interim life tables, 2006-08


United Kingdom

England and Wales

Males
lx

Females
e

lx

Males
0

lx

Females
e

e0 x

lx

Age(x)
0 years
5 years
10 years
15 years
20 years

100 000
99 373
99 314
99 246
99 011

77.4
72.9
67.9
63.0
58.1

100 000
99 481
99 437
99 385
99 275

81.6
77.1
72.1
67.1
62.2

100 000
99 370
99 312
99 246
99 027

77.7
73.2
68.2
63.3
58.4

100 000
99 479
99 435
99 383
99 278

81.8
77.3
72.3
67.3
62.4

25 years
30 years
35 years
40 years
45 years

98 663
98 262
97 740
97 069
96 157

53.3
48.5
43.8
39.1
34.4

99 145
98 979
98 739
98 378
97 810

57.3
52.4
47.5
42.7
37.9

98 703
98 324
97 833
97 196
96 325

53.6
48.8
44.0
39.3
34.6

99 153
98 991
98 759
98 412
97 856

57.5
52.6
47.7
42.8
38.1

50 years
55 years
60 years
65 years
70 years

94 797
92 677
89 489
84 583
77 232

29.9
25.5
21.3
17.4
13.8

96 911
95 484
93 373
90 117
85 149

33.2
28.7
24.3
20.0
16.1

95 016
92 962
89 852
85 077
77 865

30.1
25.7
21.5
17.5
13.9

96 985
95 596
93 537
90 362
85 532

33.4
28.8
24.4
20.2
16.2

75 years
80 years
85 years
90 years

66 692
51 826
32 514
16 658

10.5
7.8
5.7
4.0

77 413
65 356
47 007
27 849

12.4
9.2
6.6
4.5

66 477
52 668
34 258
17 169

10.6
7.9
5.7
4.0

77 951
65 040
48 733
28 475

12.5
9.2
6.6
4.5

Scotland
Males
lx

Northern Ireland
Females

lx

Males
e

0
x

lx

Females
e

0
x

lx

e0 x

Age(x)
0 years
5 years
10 years
15 years
20 years

100 000
99 423
99 364
99 292
98 955

75.0
70.4
65.4
60.5
55.7

100 000
99 519
99 478
99 423
99 273

79.9
75.3
70.3
65.3
60.4

100 000
99 338
99 268
99 159
98 715

76.3
71.8
66.9
62.0
57.2

100 000
99 466
99 407
99 341
99 193

81.2
76.6
71.7
66.7
61.8

25 years
30 years
35 years
40 years
45 years

98 403
97 799
96 910
95 889
94 608

51.0
46.3
41.7
37.1
32.6

99 101
98 893
98 572
98 081
97 385

55.5
50.6
45.8
41.0
36.3

98 254
97 740
97 239
96 496
95 430

52.5
47.7
43.0
38.3
33.7

99 056
98 890
98 631
98 225
97 654

56.9
52.0
47.1
42.3
37.5

50 years
55 years
60 years
65 years
70 years

92 821
90 118
86 187
80 137
71 517

28.1
23.9
19.9
16.2
12.8

96 256
94 513
91 933
87 839
81 603

31.7
27.2
22.9
18.8
15.1

93 817
91 575
88 394
82 994
75 558

29.2
24.9
20.7
16.8
13.2

96 662
95 102
92 859
89 669
84 762

32.9
28.4
24.0
19.8
15.7

75 years
80 years
85 years
90 years

59 691
43 431
27 194
12 522

9.8
7.3
5.4
3.9

72 542
59 215
41 475
22 504

11.6
8.6
6.2
4.4

64 767
49 454
30 645
13 759

10.0
7.3
5.2
3.7

76 934
64 738
47 390
25 924

12.1
8.9
6.1
4.1

Note Column lx shows the number who would survive to exact age(x), out
of 100,000 born, who were subject throughout their lives to the death rates
experienced in the three-year period indicated. Column e0x is the expectation of life, that is, the average future lifetime which would be lived by a person aged exactly x if likewise subject to the death rates experienced in the
three-year period indicated. See introductory notes.

Source: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444681

61

Population and vital statistics

5.23

Adoptions by date of entry in Adopted Children Register: by sex, age and country
Numbers and Percentages

All ages

Under 1

1-4

5-9

10-14

15-17

Numbers Percentages Numbers Percentages Numbers Percentages Numbers Percentages Numbers Percentages Numbers Percentages
United Kingdom
Persons

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

VOXI
6 239
5 426
6 116
6 151
5 539

VOXJ
100
100
100
100
100

VOXK
313
212
274
242
216

VOXL
5
4
5
4
4

VOXM
2 737
2 481
2 843
3 127
2 788

VOXN
44
46
46
51
50

VOXO
1 937
1 716
1 856
1 757
1 608

VOXP
31
32
30
29
29

VOXQ
999
789
847
798
696

VOXR
16
15
14
13
13

VOXS
253
228
269
228
226

VOXT
4
4
4
4
4

2007

5 224

100

163

2 761

53

1 400

27

672

13

205

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

VOXU
3 140
2 634
3 051
3 072
2 708

VOXV
100
100
100
100
100

VOXW
176
104
145
121
97

VOXX
6
4
5
4
4

VOXY
1 425
1 224
1 426
1 566
1 377

VOXZ
45
46
47
51
51

VOYA
935
844
936
910
806

VOYB
30
32
31
30
30

VOYC
488
351
418
370
314

VOYD
16
13
14
12
12

VOYE
116
111
126
105
113

VOYF
4
4
4
3
4

2007

2 614

100

83

1 392

53

714

27

314

12

103

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

VOYG
3 099
2 792
3 065
3 079
2 831

VOYH
100
100
100
100
100

VOYI
137
108
129
121
119

VOYJ
4
4
4
4
4

VOYK
1 312
1 257
1 417
1 561
1 411

VOYL
42
45
46
51
50

VOYM
1 002
872
920
847
802

VOYN
32
31
30
28
28

VOYO
511
438
456
428
382

VOYP
16
16
15
14
13

VOYQ
137
117
143
122
113

VOYR
4
4
5
4
4

2007

2 610

100

80

1 369

52

686

26

358

14

102

Males

Females

England and Wales1


Persons

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

GQTP
5 680
4 818
5 562
5 565
4 980

GQTQ
100
100
100
100
100

GQTR
287
183
253
222
197

GQTS
5
4
5
4
4

GQTT
2 532
2 260
2 627
2 906
2 592

GQTU
45
47
47
52
52

GQTV
1 748
1 503
1 651
1 555
1 406

GQTW
31
31
30
28
28

GQTX
900
683
786
683
585

GQTY
16
14
14
12
12

GQTZ
213
189
245
199
195

GQUA
4
4
4
4
4

2007

4 637

100

151

2 510

54

1 206

26

576

12

171

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

GQUB
2 871
2 339
2 777
2 791
2 446

GQUC
100
100
100
100
100

GQUD
160
91
132
112
95

GQUE
6
4
5
4
4

GQUF
1 324
1 115
1 327
1 461
1 282

GQUG
46
48
48
52
52

GQUH
846
737
831
808
707

GQUI
29
32
30
29
29

GQUJ
443
301
373
320
267

GQUK
15
13
13
11
11

GQUL
98
95
114
90
94

GQUM
3
4
4
3
4

2007

2 315

100

77

1 253

54

618

27

270

12

89

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

GQUN
2 809
2 479
2 785
2 774
2 534

GQUO
100
100
100
100
100

GQUP
127
92
121
110
102

GQUQ
5
4
4
4
4

GQUR
1 208
1 145
1 300
1 445
1 310

GQUS
43
46
47
52
52

GQUT
902
766
820
747
699

GQUU
32
31
29
27
28

GQUV
457
382
413
363
318

GQUW
16
15
15
13
13

GQUX
115
94
131
109
101

GQUY
4
4
5
4
4

2007

2 322

100

74

1 257

54

588

25

306

13

82

Males

Females

62

Population and vital statistics

5.23

Adoptions by date of entry in Adopted Children Register: by sex, age and country

continued

Numbers and Percentages

All ages

Under 1

1-4

5-9

10-14

15-17

Numbers Percentages Numbers Percentages Numbers Percentages Numbers Percentages Numbers Percentages Numbers Percentages
Scotland1
Persons

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

GQUZ
385
468
393
439
418

GQVA
100
100
100
100
100

GQVB
13
25
21
18
16

GQVC
3
5
5
4
4

GQVD
143
153
144
162
153

GQVE
37
33
37
37
37

GQVF
130
170
143
155
150

GQVG
34
36
36
35
36

GQVH
73
88
67
81
73

GQVI
19
19
17
18
17

GQVJ
26
32
18
23
26

GQVK
7
7
5
5
6

2007

440

100

198

45

141

32

65

15

27

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

GQVL
193
228
200
217
194

GQVM
100
100
100
100
100

GQVN
8
11
13
9
2

GQVO
4
5
7
4
1

GQVP
75
78
67
80
72

GQVQ
39
34
34
37
37

GQVR
60
85
77
79
78

GQVS
31
37
39
36
40

GQVT
37
43
34
36
25

GQVU
19
19
17
17
13

GQVV
13
11
9
13
17

GQVW
7
5
5
6
9

2007

229

100

115

50

70

31

30

13

10

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

GQVX
192
240
193
222
224

GQVY
100
100
100
100
100

GQVZ
5
14
8
9
14

GQWA
3
6
4
4
6

GRFK
68
75
77
82
81

GRFL
35
31
40
37
36

GRFM
70
85
66
76
72

GRFN
36
35
34
34
32

GRFO
36
45
33
45
48

GRFP
19
19
17
20
22

GRFQ
13
21
9
10
9

GRFR
7
9
5
5
4

2007

211

100

83

39

71

34

35

17

17

Males

Females

Northern Ireland1
Persons

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

VOYS
140
161
140
141
147

VOYT
100
100
100
100
100

VOYU
4
4
6
3
3

VOYV
3
2
4
2
2

VOYW
68
70
53
44
53

VOYX
49
43
38
31
36

VOYY
43
61
45
51
53

VOYZ
31
38
32
36
36

VOZA
18
20
30
38
31

VOZB
13
12
21
27
21

VOZC
7
6
6
5
7

VOZD
5
4
4
4
5

2008

97

100

48

49

30

31

13

13

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

VOZE
67
74
61
68
70

VOZF
100
100
100
100
100

VOZG
2
1
2

VOZH
3
1
3

VOZI
31
32
23
24
24

VOZJ
46
43
38
35
34

VOZK
22
28
21
20
26

VOZL
33
38
34
29
37

VOZM
7
10
12
22
14

VOZN
10
14
20
32
20

VOZO
5
3
3
2
4

VOZP
7
4
5
3
6

2008

48

100

20

42

17

35

13

10

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

VOZQ
73
87
79
73
77

VOZR
100
100
100
100
100

VOZS
2
3
4
3
1

VOZT
3
3
5
4
1

VOZU
37
38
30
20
29

VOZV
51
44
38
27
38

VOZW
21
33
24
31
27

VOZX
29
38
30
42
35

VOZY
11
10
18
16
17

VOZZ
15
11
23
22
22

VPAA
2
3
3
3
3

VPVD
3
3
4
4
4

2008

49

100

28

57

13

27

14

Males

Females

1 England & Wales: number of persons aged over 17 (counted into All ages)
Year
Persons
Male Female
2006
5
1
4
2007
23
8
15
Scotland: number of persons aged over 17 (counted into 15-17 age group)
2002
4
1
3
2003
4
3
1
2004
3
3
2006
5
5
-

Nor thern Ireland: number of persons aged over 17 (counted into 15-17
age group)
Year
Persons
Male
Female
2007
1
1

Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01329 444410;


General Register Office for Scotland;
Nor thern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

63

Education

64

Education

Chapter 6

Education

65

Education

Education
Educational establishments in the UK are administered and
nanced in several ways. Most schools are controlled by
local authorities, which are part of the structure of local
government, but some are assisted, receiving grants direct
from central government sources and being controlled
by governing bodies which have a substantial degree of
autonomy. Completely outside the public sector are non
maintained schools run by individuals, companies or charitable
institutions.
For the purposes of UK education statistics, schools fall under
the following broad categories:

Mainstream state schools


(In Northern Ireland, grant-aided mainstream
schools)
These schools work in partnership with other schools and local
authorities and they receive funding from local authorities.
Since 1 September 1999, the categories (typically in England)
are:
Community schools formerly known as county plus
some former grant-maintained (GM) schools
Foundation most former GM schools
Voluntary Aided schools formerly known as aided and
some former GM schools
Voluntary Controlled schools formerly known as
controlled

(b) Non-maintained schools


Run by voluntary bodies who may receive some grant from
central government for capital work and for equipment,
but their current expenditure is met primarily from the
fees charged to the local authorities for pupils placed in
schools.

Special schools
Special schools provide education for children with Special
Educational Needs (SEN) (In Scotland, Record of Needs or
a Co-ordinated Support Plan), who cannot be educated
satisfactorily in an ordinary school. Maintained special schools
are run by local authorities, while non-maintained special
schools are nanced as described at (b) above.

Pupil Referral Units


Pupil Referral Units (PRUs) operate in England and Wales and
provide education outside of a mainstream or special school
setting, to meet the needs of difcult or disruptive children.
Schools in Scotland are categorised as Education Authority,
Grant-aided, Opted-out/Self-governing (these three being
grouped together as Publicly funded schools), Independent
schools and Partnership schools.
The home government departments dealing with education
statistics are:
Department for Education (DE)
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS)
Welsh Assembly Government (WAG)

Non-maintained mainstream schools

Scottish Government (SG)

These consist of:

Northern Ireland Department of Education (DENI)

(a) Independent schools


Schools which charge fees and may also be nanced by
individuals, companies or charitable institutions. These
include Direct Grant schools, where the governing bodies
are assisted by departmental grants and a proportion
of the pupils attending them do so free or under an
arrangement by which local authorities meet tuition
fees. City Technology Colleges (CTCs) and Academies
(applicable in England only) are also included as
independent schools..

66

Northern Ireland Department for Employment and


Learning (DELNI)
Each of the home education departments in Great Britain,
along with the Northern Ireland Department of Education,
have overall responsibility for funding the schools sectors in
their own country.
Up to March 2001, further education (FE) courses in FE sector
colleges in England and in Wales were largely funded through
grants from the respective FE funding councils. In April 2001
however, the Learning and Skills Council (LSC) took over the
responsibility for funding the FE sector in England, and the
National Council for Education and Training for Wales (part
of Education and Learning Wales ELWa) did so for Wales.

Education

The LSC in England is also responsible for funding provision


for FE and some non-prescribed higher education in FE sector
colleges; it also funds some FE provided by local authority
maintained and other institutions referred to as external
institutions. In Wales, the National Council ELWa, funds FE
provision made by FE institutions via a third party or sponsored
arrangements. The Scottish Further Education Funding Council
(SFEFC) funds FE colleges in Scotland, while the Department
for Employment and Learning funds FE colleges in Northern
Ireland.
Higher education (HE) courses in higher education
establishments are largely publicly funded through block
grants from the HE funding councils in England and Scotland,
the Higher Education Council ELWa in Wales, and the
Department for Employment and Learning in Northern Ireland.
In addition, some designated HE (mainly HND/HNC Diplomas
and Certicates of HE) is also funded by these sources. The FE
sources mentioned above fund the remainder.
Statistics for the separate systems obtained in England,
Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are collected and
processed separately in accordance with the particular needs
of the responsible departments. Since 1994/95 the Higher
Education Statistics Agency (HESA) has undertaken the data
collection for all higher education institutions (HEIs) in the UK.
This includes the former Universities Funding Council (UFC)
funded UK universities, previously collected by the Universities
Statistical Record. There are some structural differences in
the information collected for schools, FE and HE in each of
the four home countries and in some tables the GB/UK data
presented are amalgamations from sources that are not
entirely comparable.

Stages of education
There are ve stages of education: early years, primary,
secondary, FE and HE, and education is compulsory for all
children between the ages of 5 (4 in Northern Ireland) and 16.
The non-compulsory fourth stage, FE, covers non-advanced
education, which can be taken at further (including tertiary)
education colleges, HE institutions (HEIs) and increasingly in
secondary schools. The fth stage, HE, is study beyond GCE A
levels and their equivalent which, for most full-time students,
takes place in universities and other HEIs.

Early years education


Children under 5 attend a variety of settings including
state nursery schools, nursery classes within primary
schools and, in England and Wales, reception classes
within primary schools, as well as settings outside the
state sector such as voluntary pre-schools or privately

run nurseries. In recent years there has been a major


expansion of early years education, and the Education Act
2002 extended the National Curriculum for England to
include the foundation stage. The foundation stage was
introduced in September 2000, and covered childrens
education from the age of 3 to the end of the reception
year, when most are just 5 and some almost 6 years old.
The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS), came into force
in September 2008, and is a single regulatory and quality
framework for the provision of learning, development
and care for children in all registered early years settings
between birth and the academic year in which they turn 5.
Children born in Scotland between March and December
are eligible for early years education at the time the PreSchool Education and Day Care Census is carried out. In
Scotland, early years education is called ante-pre-school
education for those aged 3 to 4 years old, and pre-school
education for those aged 4.

Primary education
The primary stage covers three age ranges: nursery
(under 5), infant (5 to 7 or 8) and junior (up to 11 or 12)
but in Scotland and Northern Ireland there is generally
no distinction between infant and junior schools. Most
public sector primary schools take both boys and girls in
mixed classes. It is usual to transfer straight to secondary
school at age 11 (in England, Wales and Northern Ireland)
or 12 (in Scotland), but in England some children make
the transition via middle schools catering for various age
ranges between 8 and 14. Depending on their individual
age ranges middle schools are classied as either primary
or secondary.

Secondary education
Public provision of secondary education in an area may
consist of a combination of different types of school, the
pattern reecting historical circumstance and the policy
adopted by the local authority. Comprehensive schools
largely admit pupils without reference to ability or aptitude
and cater for all the children in a neighbourhood, but in
some areas they co-exist with grammar, secondary modern
or technical schools. In 2005/06, 88 per cent of secondary
pupils in England attended comprehensive schools while
all secondary schools in Wales are comprehensive schools.
The majority of education authority secondary schools in
Scotland are comprehensive in character and offer six years
of secondary education; however in remote areas there
are several two-year and four-year secondary schools. In
Northern Ireland, post-primary education is provided by
grammar schools and non-selective secondary schools. In
England, the Specialist Schools Programme helps schools,

67

Education

in partnership with private sector sponsors and supported


by additional government funding, to establish distinctive
identities through their chosen specialisms and achieve
their targets to raise standards. Specialist schools have a
special focus on their chosen subject area but must meet
the National Curriculum requirements and deliver a broad
and balanced education to all pupils. Any maintained
secondary school in England can apply to be designated
as a specialist school in one of ten specialist areas:
arts, business and enterprise, engineering, humanities,
languages, mathematics and computing, music, science,
sports and technology. Schools can also combine any two
specialisms.

Certicate of Education (SCE) Higher Grade, GNVQ/NVQ


level 3, and their equivalents. Since 1 April 1993, sixth
form colleges in England and Wales have been included in
the further education sector.

Higher education
Higher education is dened as courses that are of a
standard that is higher than GCE A level, the Higher Grade
of the SCE/National Qualication, GNVQ/NVQ level 3 or
the Edexcel (formerly BTEC) or SQA National Certicate/
Diploma. There are three main levels of HE course:
(i)

Academies, operating in England, are publicly funded


independent local schools that provide free education.
They are all ability schools established by sponsors from
business, faith or voluntary groups working with partners
from the local community. The Secretary of State for the
former Department for Children, Schools and Families
announced in July 2007, that all new academies (that is,
not including those with a signed agreement although
they could if they wished), would be required to follow
the National Curriculum programmes of study in English,
mathematics, science and information and communication
technology (ICT). This is different to the previous model
whereby academies had to teach English, mathematics,
science and ICT to all pupils and the curriculum had to be
broad and balanced.

Postgraduate courses leading to higher degrees,


diplomas and certicates (including postgraduate
certicates of education (PGCE) and professional
qualications) which usually require a rst degree as
entry qualication.

(ii) Undergraduate courses which includes rst degrees,


rst degrees with qualied teacher status, enhanced
rst degrees, rst degrees obtained concurrently
with a diploma, and intercalated rst degrees (where
rst degree students, usually in medicine, dentistry
or veterinary medicine, interrupt their studies to
complete a one-year course of advanced studies in a
related topic).
(iii) Other undergraduate courses which includes all other
higher education courses, for example HNDs and
Diplomas in HE.

Special schools
Special schools (day or boarding) provide education for
children who require specialist support to complete their
education, for example because they have physical or
other difculties. Many pupils with special educational
needs are educated in mainstream schools. All children
attending special schools are offered a curriculum
designed to overcome their learning difculties and to
enable them to become self-reliant. Since December 2005,
special schools have also been able to apply for the Special
Educational Needs (SEN) specialism, under the Specialist
Schools Programme. They can apply for a curriculum
specialism, but not for both the SEN and a curriculum
specialism.

Further education
The term further education may be used in a general sense
to cover all non-advanced courses taken after the period
of compulsory education, but more commonly it excludes
those staying on at secondary school and those in higher
education, that is courses in universities and colleges
leading to qualications above GCE A Level, Scottish

68

As a result of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992,


former polytechnics and some other HEIs were designated
as universities in 1992/93. Students normally attend HE
courses at HEIs, but some attend at FE colleges. Some
also attend institutions which do not receive public grant
(such as the University of Buckingham) and these numbers
are excluded from the tables, however, the University of
Buckingham is included in Table 6.10.

Education

6.1

Number of schools by type and establishments of further and higher education


Academic years
Numbers
1

1995
/96

2003
/04

2004
/05

2005
/06

2006
/07

2007
/08

2008
/09

United Kingdom:
Public sector mainstream
Nursery2,3
Primary4
Secondary5,6,7
of which 6th form colleges
Non-maintained mainstream8
Special - all
maintained
non maintained
Pupil referral units
Universities (including Open University)9,10,11
All other further and higher education institutions
Higher education institutions
Fur ther education institutions
of which 6th form colleges

KBFK
KBFA
KBFF
KPGM
KBFU
KBFP
KPVX
KPGO
KXEP
KAHG
KJPQ
KPVY
KSNY
KPGP

1 486
23 441
4 478
..
2 485
1 560
1 456
104
315
114
611
68
543
110

3 438
22 509
4 281
..
2 498
1 465
1 362
103
457
112
522
57
465
102

3 425
22 343
4 261
..
2 445
1 436
1 329
107
478
117
530
50
480
102

3 349
22 156
4 244
..
2 455
1 416
1 311
105
481
119
523
47
476
102

3 326
21 968
4 232
..
2 486
1 391
1 285
106
489
120
507
48
459
96

3 273
21 768
4 209
..
2 527
1 378
1 264
114
506
120
489
45
444
95

3 209
21 568
4 183
..
2 547
1 378
1 264
114
511
127
..
37
..
..

England:
Public sector mainstream
Nursery
Primary
Secondary5,6,7
of which 6th form colleges
Non-maintained maintream8
Special - all
maintained
non maintained
Pupil referral units
Universities (including Open University)9,10
All other further and higher education institutions
Higher education institutions
Fur ther education institutions
of which 6th form colleges

KBAK
KBAA
KBAF
KPGS
KBAU
KBAP
KPGT
KPGU
KXEQ
KAHM
KJPR
KPXA
KPWC
KPGV

547
18 480
3 609
..
2 251
1 263
1 191
72
291
92
503
50
453
110

468
17 762
3 435
..
2 304
1 148
1 078
70
426
89
423
43
380
102

456
17 642
3 416
..
2 252
1 122
1 049
73
447
95
431
36
395
102

453
17 504
3 405
..
2 263
1 105
1 033
72
449
96
425
34
391
102

446
17 361
3 399
..
2 286
1 078
1 006
72
448
98
411
34
377
96

445
17 205
3 383
..
2 329
1 065
993
72
455
98
406
33
373
95

438
17 064
3 361
..
2 358
1 058
985
73
458
103
..
27
..
..

Wales:
Public sector mainstream
Nursery
Primary
Secondary6
of which 6th form colleges
Non-maintained
Special (Maintained)
Pupil referral units
Universities9,11
All other further and higher education institutions
Higher education institutions
Fur ther education institutions

KBBK
KBBA
KBBF
KPGY
KBBU
KBBP
KZBF
KAHS
KJQP
KSNZ
KPGZ

52
1 681
228
..
62
54
24
7
33
7
26

34
1 588
227
..
60
43
31
8
28
5
23

34
1 572
227
..
58
43
31
7
28
5
23

33
1 555
224
..
56
43
32
7
28
5
23

31
1 527
224
..
66
44
41
7
28
5
23

28
1 509
222
..
66
44
51
7
26
4
22

28
1 478
223
..
60
44
53
9
..
2
..

Scotland:
Public sector mainstream
Nursery2
Primary
Secondary
Non-maintained
Special - all
maintained
non-maintained
Universities9
All other further and higher education institutions
Higher education institutions
Fur ther education institutions

KBDK
KBDA
KBDF
KBDU
KBDP
KYCZ
KYDA
KAHX
KJRA
KPWE
KPHB

796
2 332
405
151
196
164
32
13
56
9
47

2 836
2 248
386
117
227
194
33
13
53
7
46

2 836
2 217
386
118
226
192
34
13
53
7
46

2 763
2 194
385
117
223
190
33
14
52
6
46

2 750
2 184
381
116
224
190
34
13
50
7
43

2 702
2 169
378
115
226
184
42
13
49
6
43

2 645
2 153
376
113
234
193
41
13
..
6
..

Northern Ireland:
Grant aided mainstream
Nursery3
Primary4
Secondary
Non-maintained
Special (Maintained)
Universities
Colleges of education
Fur ther education colleges

KBEK
KBEA
KBEF
KBEU
KBEP
KIAD
KIAE
KIAG

91
948
236
21
47
2
2
17

100
911
233
17
47
2
2
16

99
912
232
17
45
2
2
16

100
903
230
19
45
2
2
16

99
896
228
18
45
2
2
16

98
885
226
17
43
2
2
6

98
873
223
16
42
2
2
..

1 Includes revised data.


6 Excludes sixth form colleges in England and Wales which were reclassied as
2 Nurser y schools gures for Scotland prior to 1998/99 only include data for
fur ther education colleges on 1 April 1993.
Local Authority pre-schools. Data thereafter include partnership pre- 7 Includes Specialist schools in England, operational from September of the rst
schools. From 2005/06, gures exclude pre-school education centres not
year shown (2,799 in total in 2007/08).
in partnership with the Local Authority.
8 Revised to exclude CTCs and Academies - see footnote 5.
3 Excludes voluntary and private pre-school education centres in Northern 9 Includes former polytechnics and colleges which became universities as a reIreland (366 in total in 2007/08).
sult of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992.
4 From 1995/96, includes Preparator y Depar tments in Northern Ireland 10 Includes the members of the University of London separately.
Grammar Schools (17 in total in 2007/08).
11 Includes the members of the University of Wales separately.
5 Time series revised to show State-funded secondary schools ( i.e. including
City Technology Colleges (CTCs) and Academies in England, previously inSources: Department for Education;
cluded in the Non-maintained category). In 2007/08, there were 5 CTCs
Depar tment for Children, Schools and Families;
and 83 Academies in England.
Welsh Assembly Government;
Scottish Government;
Nor thern Ireland Department of Education;
Nor thern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning;
01325 391266

69

Education

6.2

Full-time and part-time pupils in school1 by age and sex2


United Kingdom
All schools at Januar y3

Thousands
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

20085

2009

Age at previous 31 August6


Number (thousands)
England7
Wales
Scotland
Nor thern Ireland2
United Kingdom

KBIA
KBIB
KBIC
KBID
KBIE

8 310
513
844
352
10 020

8 346
512
874
349
10 081

8 374
512
882
348
10 116

8 369
511
876
346
10 102

8 367
509
874
345
10 095

8 335
506
866
341
10 048

8 274
501
851
337
9 963

8 216
495
850
333
9 893

8 149
490
845
329
9 813

8 102
485
829
326
9 742

8 071
479
818
323
9 691

Boys and girls


2 - 48
59 - 10
11
12 - 14

KBIF
KBIG
KBIH
KBII

1 154
4 661
762
2 211

1 184
4 629
783
2 256

1 187
4 597
771
2 297

1 180
4 537
783
2 320

1 189
4 489
791
2 343

1 145
4 403
784
2 355

1 138
4 378
758
2 369

1 130
4 321
756
2 344

1 139
4 264
739
2 309

1 160
4 212
730
2 265

1 181
4 163
744
2 236

15
16
17
18 and over

KBIK
KBIL
KBIM
KBIN

706
283
218
25

705
285
213
27

732
287
219
27

737
298
223
23

751
290
217
24

775
314
238
32

764
304
226
27

777
304
235
26

786
314
234
28

783
320
242
30

757
329
249
32

Boys
14
15
16
17
18 and over

KBIO
KBIP
KBIQ
KBIR
KBIS

367
361
137
104
13

381
359
138
101
14

384
374
139
105
15

391
377
145
107
13

401
384
140
104
13

394
394
150
112
17

402
390
146
107
14

407
397
146
111
15

404
401
150
110
15

391
401
154
114
16

389
387
160
119
17

Girls
14
15
16
17
18 and over

KBIT
KBIU
KBIV
KBIW
KBIX

352
345
146
114
11

364
346
147
111
13

365
358
148
114
12

373
360
153
116
11

384
368
150
113
11

378
379
161
124
15

384
375
159
119
12

388
380
159
123
12

385
385
164
124
13

373
382
165
128
14

372
370
169
131
15

1 From 1 April 1993 excludes 6th form colleges in England and Wales which
were reclassied as further education colleges.
2 In Nor thern Ireland, a gender split is not collected by age but is available by
year group and so this is used as a proxy.
3 In Scotland, as at the previous September.
4 Includes revised gures.
5 Provisional.
6 1 July for Northern Ireland and 31 December for non-maintained primary
and secondary schools pupils in Scotland and age at census date in January for pre-school education in Scotland.
7 From 1992, gures for independent schools in England include pupils aged
less than 2.
8 Includes the so-called "rising 5s" (i.e. those pupils who become 5 during the
autumn term).
9 In Scotland, includes some 4-year-olds.

70

Sources: Department for Education;


Depar tment for Business, Innovation and Skills;
Welsh Assembly Government;
Scottish Government;
Nor thern Ireland Department of Education;
Nor thern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning;
01325 391266

Education

6.3

Number of pupils and teachers, and pupil:teacher


United Kingdom

ratios:1

by school type

At Januar y2

Numbers
2004

2005

3,4

3,5

2006

2007

2008

20093

All schools or departments


Total
Pupils (thousands)
Full-time and full-time
equivalent of part-time
Teachers6 (thousands)

KBCA
KBCB

9 812.6
561.4

9 686.7
562.6

9 613.9
568.6

9 527.6
570.1

9 459.8
575.8

9 412.1
579.7

Pupils per teacher6:


United Kingdom
England
Wales
Scotland
Nor thern Ireland

KBCC
KBCD
KBCE
KBCF
KBCG

17.6
17.8
18.0
15.0
16.5

17.3
17.5
18.0
14.3
16.5

17.0
17.2
17.6
13.8
16.7

16.8
17.1
17.6
13.1
16.8

16.5
16.8
17.5
12.8
16.7

16.4
16.5
17.5
12.9
16.6

Nursery
Pupils (thousands)
Full-time and full-time
equivalent of part-time
Teachers6 (thousands)
Pupils per teacher6

KBFM
KBFN
KBFO

83.9
3.5
23.7

29.1
1.7
17.6

29.1
1.7
17.3

29.4
1.7
17.7

29.0
1.7
17.3

28.9
1.6
17.5

Primary7
Pupils (thousands)
Full-time and full-time
equivalent of part-time
Teachers6 (thousands)
Pupils per teacher6

KBFB
KBFD
KBFE

4 953.9
224.9
22.0

4 896.6
224.2
21.8

4 831.9
226.6
21.3

4 778.8
226.3
21.1

4 747.6
227.5
20.9

4 725.1
228.3
20.7

Secondary8,9
Pupils (thousands)
Full-time and full-time
equivalent of part-time
Teachers6 (thousands)
Pupils per teacher6

KBFG
KBFH
KBFI

4 014.1
243.8
16.5

4 001.9
246.6
16.2

3 987.1
248.5
16.0

3 941.3
247.6
15.9

3 872.8
248.0
15.6

3 803.3
246.5
15.4

KPGE
KPGG
KPGI

102.2
16.9
6.1

100.4
16.8
6.0

99.5
17.0
5.9

99.4
17.0
5.9

99.3
17.1
5.8

100.1
17.2
5.8

Public sector mainstream schools or


departments

Special schools
Pupils (thousands)
Full-time and full-time
equivalent of part-time
Teachers6 (thousands)
Pupils per teacher6

1 All schools pupil: teacher ratios exclude Pupil Referral Units and nonmaintained special schools.
2 In Scotland, as at the previous September.
3 Excluding nurser y school gures for Scotland as FTE pupils numbers are
not available.
4 Includes revised gures.
5 Provisional.
6 Figures of teachers and of pupil/teacher ratios take account of the full-time
equivalent of part-time teachers.

7 Includes preparatory depar tments attached to grammar schools in Northern


Ireland.
8 Includes voluntary grammar schools in Northern Ireland.
9 For 2007/08, State-funded secondary schools ( i.e. including City Technology
Colleges (CTCs) and Academies in England, which were previously included
under Non-maintained).
Sources: Department for Education;
Depar tment for Business, Innovation and Skills;
Welsh Assembly Government;
Scottish Government;
Nor thern Ireland Department of Education;
Nor thern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning;
01325 391266

71

Education

6.4

Full-time and part-time pupils with special educational needs (SEN) or nearest
equivalent)1, 2008/092 United Kingdom
By type of school

Thousands and percentages


United
Kingdom

England2

Wales

Scotland

Northern
Ireland

9 692.1
258.2
2.7

8 071.0
221.7
2.7

479.4
14.5
3.0

817.7
8.8
1.1

324.0
13.3
4.1

150.3
0.9
0.6
0.4

37.2
0.3
0.8
0.1

1.8
0.8
0.1

105.4
0.6
0.5
6.4

5.9
0.1
0.9
0.4

Primary10
Total pupils
SEN pupils without statements10
SEN pupils with statements
SEN Pupils with statements-incidence (%)3
SEN Pupils with statements-placement (%)8

4 868.8
836.4
69.1
1.4
26.7

4 074.9
743.1
57.9
1.4
26.1

258.3
49.9
4.6
1.8
31.5

370.8
15.6
2.0
0.5
23.2

164.8
27.8
4.5
2.8
34.2

Secondary11
Total pupils
SEN pupils without statements10
SEN pupils with statements
SEN Pupils with statements - incidence (%)3
SEN Pupils with statements - placement (%)8

3 928.5
685.2
77.6
2.0
30.1

3 271.1
622.9
65.2
2.0
29.4

205.4
32.7
5.6
2.7
38.3

304.0
11.9
2.4
0.8
27.5

148.0
17.6
4.4
3.0
33.5

Special12,13
Total pupils
SEN pupils with statements
Incidence (%)3
Placement (%)8

100.9
94.8
93.9
36.7

85.5
83.1
97.3
37.5

4.1
4.0
96.6
27.4

6.8
3.5
51.8
39.9

4.6
4.2
91.8
31.8

Pupil referral units12


Total pupils
SEN pupils4 with statements
Incidence (%)3
Placement (%)8

15.7
2.1
13.4
0.8

15.2
2.0
13.2
0.9

0.5
0.1
19.7
0.7

..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..

Other schools
Independent11
Total pupils
SEN pupils4 with statements
Incidence (%)3
Placement (%)8

622.2
9.0
1.5
3.5

582.5
8.7
1.5
3.9

9.3
0.3
3.3
2.1

29.7
0.1
0.4

..
..
..

Non-maintained special12
Total pupils
SEN pupils with statements
Incidence (%)3
Placement (%)8

5.7
4.7
83.3
1.8

4.6
4.5
96.7
2.0

..
..
..
..

1.0
0.2
22.6
2.6

..
..
..
..

All schools
Total pupils
SEN pupils with statements
Incidence (%)3
State-funded schools4
Nursery5
Total pupils6
SEN pupils7 with statements9
Incidence (%)3
Placement (%)8

1 Scotland no longer has Special Educational Needs as the Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2004 (the Act) replaces the system for assessment and recording of children and young people with special educational needs. Nursery schools include the number of children registered for pre-school education with Additional Support Needs with a Coordinated Support Plan. Primary and secondary schools include pupils with a
Record of Needs or a Coordinated Support Plan, including some who also
had an individualised educational Programme (IEP).
2 Includes new codes for recording SEN status following the introduction of a
new SEN Code of Practice from Januar y 2002.
3 Incident of pupils - the number of pupils with statements within each school
type expressed as a proportion of the total number of pupils on roll in each
school type.
4 Grant-Aided schools in Northern Ireland.
5 Includes 6,629 pupils in Voluntary and Private Pre-School Centres in Northern Ireland funded under the Pre-School Expansion Programme which began in 1998/99.
6 In Scotland, pre-school registrations for places funded by the local authority, in centres providing pre-school education as a local authority centre or in
par tnership with the local authority only. Children are counted once for each
centre they are registered with. Figures are not directly comparable with
previous years.

72

7 For Scotland, number of children registered for pre-school education and


Additional Support Needs with a Coordinated Support Plan are likely to be an
undercount as only centres that returned the full census form were asked
about Coordinated Support Plans, and of those who were asked, not all completed them. Out of 2,702 centres, 713 did not provide this information.
8 Placement of pupils - the number of pupils with statements within each school
type expressed as a proportion of the number of pupils with statements in all
schools.
9 Includes nurser y classes (except for Scotland, where they are included with
Nursery schools) and reception classes in Primary schools.
10 For Scotland, those with IEP only used for the without statement category.
11 City Technology Colleges (CTCs) and Acadamies in England, previously included with Independent schools are included with State-funded secondary
schools, therefore gures are not directly comparable with previous years.
12 England and Wales gures exclude dually registered pupils, where applicable.
13 Including general and hospital special schools.
Sources: Department for Education;
Depar tment for Business, Innovation and Skills;
Welsh Assembly Government;
Scottish Government;
Nor thern Ireland Department of Education;
Nor thern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning;
01325 391266

Education

6.5

SCE/NQ1

GCE, GCSE and


by pupils and students

and vocational qualifications obtained

United Kingdom

Percentages and thousands


Pupils in their last year of compulsory education

Pupils/students in education3
% achieving GCE A
Levels and
equivalent4,5,6

5 or more
grades A*-C6

1-4
grades
A*-C

Grades
D-G7
only

No
graded
results

Total
(=100%)
(Thousands)

2 or more
passes 8

Population
aged 17
(thousands)

2000/01
All
Males
Females

51.0
45.7
56.5

24.1
24.6
23.6

19.4
23.1
15.5

5.5
6.5
4.4

729.7
372.1
357.6

37.4
33.4
41.6

717.9
366.6
351.3

2001/02
All
Males
Females

52.5
47.2
58.0

23.7
24.3
23.1

18.4
22.0
14.6

5.4
6.4
4.3

732.5
374.0
358.5

37.4
33.0
42.0

739.0
379.8
359.2

2002/03
All
Males
Females

53.5
48.3
58.8

23.1
23.6
22.7

18.2
21.8
14.4

5.2
6.3
4.1

750.2
382.7
367.6

38.4
33.9
43.2

771.2
397.2
374.0

2003/04
All
Males
Females

54.2
49.2
59.3

22.7
23.1
22.2

18.8
22.4
15.0

4.4
5.3
3.4

772.0
392.6
379.4

39.2
34.7
44.0

769.5
395.8
373.7

2004/05
All
Males
Females

57.0
52.1
62.1

22.1
22.8
21.4

17.9
21.4
14.2

3.0
3.7
2.3

759.1
385.5
373.5

38.3
33.8
43.1

788.5
405.2
383.4

2005/06
All
Males
Females

59.0
54.3
63.9

21.4
22.1
20.6

16.9
20.3
13.5

2.7
3.3
2.1

773.8
394.2
379.6

37.3
32.7
42.1

807.3
415.5
391.8

2006/07
All
Males
Females

61.3
56.9
65.8

20.1
20.6
19.5

17.0
20.5
13.4

1.6
2.1
1.2

778.2
395.8
382.4

45.2
39.5
51.2

791.6
407.8
383.8

2007/089
All
Males
Females

64.4
60.0
69.0

46.3
41.2
51.9

806.1
415.7
390.4

1 From 1999/00, National Qualications (NQ) were introduced in Scotland but


are not all shown until 2000/01. NQs include Standard Grades, Intermediate 1 & 2 and Higher Grades. The gures for Higher Grades combine the
new NQ Higher and the old SCE Higher and include Advanced Highers.
2 Pupils aged 15 at the start of the acadamic year, pupils in Year S4 in Scotland. From 2004/05, pupils at the end of Key Stage 4 in England.
3 Pupils in schools and students in further education institutions generally
aged 16-18 at the start of the academic year in England, Wales and Northern Ireland as a percentage of the 17 year old population. Data from
2002/03 for Wales and Northern Ireland however, relate to schools only.
Pupils in Scotland generally sit Highers one year earlier than those sitting A
levels in the rest of the UK, and the gures relate to the results of the pupils
in Year S5/S6.
4 Figures, other than for Scotland, include Vocational Certicates of Education (VCE) and, previously, Advanced level GNVQ which is equivalent to 2
GCE A level or AS equivalents.
5 2 AS levels or 2 Highers/1Adavanced Higher or 1 each in Scotland, count
as 1 A level pass.
6 Standard Grades 1-3/Intermediate 2 A-C/Intermediate 1 A in Scotland,
count as 1 A level pass.
7 Grades D-G at GCSE and Scottish Standard Grades 4-6/Intermediate 1 B
and C/Access 3 (pass).
8 3 or more SCE/NQ Higher Grades/2 or more Advanced Highers/1 Advanced Higher with 2 or more Higher Passes in Scotland.
9 Provisional.

Sources: Department for Education;


Depar tment for Business, Innovation and Skills;
Welsh Assembly Government;
Scottish Government;
Nor thern Ireland Department of Education;
Nor thern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning;
01325 391266

73

Education

6.6

Students in further1 education: by country, mode of study,2 sex and age,3


during 2007/08
United Kingdom (home and overseas students)
United Kingdom

England

Thousands

Wales

Scotland

Nor thern Ireland

Full-time

Par t-time

Full-time

Par t-time

Full-time

Par t-time

Full-time

Par t-time

Full-time

Par t-time

5.1
327.4
284.6
135.5
53.9
27.5
18.8
15.2
12.6
11.2
10.0
9.3
9.0
7.9
7.1
114.0
0.8

89.8
70.8
71.1
72.5
65.8
59.3
57.7
59.0
58.7
59.8
60.6
60.6
60.7
57.5
51.8
1 343.1
10.7

3.7
298.0
255.6
117.5
45.7
23.1
15.9
13.0
10.9
9.8
8.9
8.2
8.1
7.1
6.4
108.2
0.8

9.0
35.8
40.9
49.5
46.9
44.0
44.5
46.4
46.6
48.0
48.7
49.0
49.1
46.8
42.1
1 129.9
8.9

0.3
14.3
12.0
6.1
2.6
1.3
0.9
0.7
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.1
-

4.0
2.9
3.6
4.0
4.3
3.9
3.7
3.8
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.5
3.1
16.3
1.9

1.0
7.7
9.1
7.2
3.6
2.2
1.5
1.2
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
5.1
-

66.7
16.3
17.5
13.0
10.7
8.5
7.0
6.3
6.1
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.3
5.0
157.8
-

7.5
8.0
4.7
2.0
0.9
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.6
-

10.1
15.8
9.1
5.9
3.8
2.9
2.6
2.4
2.3
2.4
2.3
2.1
2.1
1.9
1.6
39.1
-

1 053.3

2 415.7

940.9

1 786.1

43.9

179.6

43.2

343.4

25.3

106.5

Age under 16
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30+
Unknown

2.9
162.9
139.4
67.8
28.7
14.9
9.8
7.8
6.2
5.4
4.8
4.3
4.1
3.7
3.2
51.9
0.7

47.8
37.7
37.8
38.6
35.2
29.7
26.9
25.8
24.9
24.8
25.1
24.6
25.0
23.5
20.9
490.0
6.0

2.1
147.4
124.5
58.8
24.5
12.7
8.4
6.8
5.4
4.8
4.3
3.9
3.8
3.4
3.0
50.2
0.7

5.3
19.2
22.0
25.3
24.2
21.4
20.3
20.2
19.8
19.9
20.3
20.0
20.3
19.2
16.9
411.6
5.2

0.2
7.2
5.9
3.0
1.3
0.7
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
-

2.2
1.4
1.9
2.2
2.3
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.2
5.2
0.8

0.5
4.0
4.3
3.2
1.6
1.0
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
1.5
-

33.7
7.9
9.2
8.0
6.8
5.1
3.8
3.0
2.7
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.1
59.0
-

4.4
4.7
2.7
1.3
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
-

6.7
9.1
4.7
3.1
2.0
1.4
1.1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.6
14.2
-

All Ages

519.7

983.6

465.0

711.0

21.0

70.9

19.0

153.1

14.7

48.7

Age under 16
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30+
Unkown

2.2
164.5
145.2
67.8
25.2
12.5
9.0
7.4
6.5
5.8
5.2
4.9
4.8
4.3
3.9
62.1
0.1

42.0
33.1
33.3
33.9
30.6
29.6
30.8
33.1
33.8
35.1
35.6
36.0
35.7
34.0
30.9
853.0
4.7

1.6
150.6
131.1
58.7
21.1
10.4
7.5
6.2
5.5
5.0
4.5
4.3
4.3
3.7
3.4
58.0
0.1

3.7
16.6
18.8
24.2
22.7
22.6
24.2
26.2
26.8
28.0
28.5
29.0
28.9
27.6
25.1
718.3
3.7

0.1
7.1
6.1
3.1
1.3
0.7
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
-

1.9
1.5
1.7
1.8
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.1
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.1
1.9
11.1
1.1

0.5
3.6
4.8
4.0
2.0
1.2
0.8
0.7
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
3.6
-

33.0
8.4
8.4
5.0
4.0
3.4
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.3
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.1
2.9
98.8
-

3.1
3.3
2.0
0.8
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.4
-

3.4
6.7
4.4
2.9
1.8
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.0
24.9
-

All ages

533.6

1 432.1

475.9

1 075.1

22.9

108.8

24.2

190.4

10.7

57.9

All
Age under 16
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30+
Unknown
All ages

Males

Females

1 Fur ther education (FE) institution gures are whole year counts. Higher education (HE) institution gures are based on the HESA standard registration count.
2 Full-time includes sandwich. Par t-time comprises both day and evening, including block release and open/distance learning.
3 Ages as at 31 August 2007 (1 July in Northern Ireland and 31 December in
Scotland).
4 FE institution gures for England include LSC funded students only.
5 Figures for Scotland FE colleges are vocational course enrolments rather
than headcounts.

74

Sources: Department for Education;


Depar tment for Business, Innovation and Skills;
Welsh Assembly Government;
Scottish Government;
Nor thern Ireland Department of Education;
Nor thern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning;
01325 391266

Education

6.7

Students in further education:1 by country, mode of study,2 sex and area3 2007/08
United Kingdom - Home and overseas students
Thousands
United Kingdom

England

Wales

Scotland

Nor thern Ireland

Fulltime

Par ttime

Fulltime

Par ttime

Fulltime

Par ttime

Fulltime

Par ttime

Fulltime

Par ttime

110.0
62.9
24.6
56.4
58.0
54.7
72.3
66.1
119.3
14.9
20.4
30.0
7.3
174.4
66.5
115.6

330.0
42.3
35.8
111.5
76.8
285.1
78.9
79.8
109.4
19.6
9.8
148.4
108.4
570.2
158.1
251.6

100.5
59.7
23.2
48.9
48.9
50.6
69.1
61.7
115.5
14.3
19.0
28.3
5.3
165.5
62.6
67.8

265.4
27.3
25.8
76.9
52.8
225.3
68.3
53.7
96.7
18.3
4.6
102.2
83.3
507.2
135.5
42.8

1.0
42.9

0.1
13.0
1.9
164.7

6.4
1.5
1.2
4.7
3.4
2.5
0.1
2.5
1.4
0.5
1.2
1.6
0.7
8.4
2.2
4.9

56.3
6.4
9.4
28.1
17.9
49.4
1.3
24.4
8.8
0.8
2.9
20.2
5.7
53.8
14.0
44.1

3.1
1.8
0.2
2.7
5.7
1.6
3.0
2.0
2.4
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.5
1.7
-

8.4
8.6
0.6
6.5
6.0
10.4
9.3
1.7
3.9
0.5
2.2
13.0
17.6
9.3
8.5
-

1 053.3

2 415.7

940.9

1 786.1

43.9

179.6

43.2

343.4

25.3

106.5

28.0
29.0
11.1
52.4
55.6
41.1
11.1
38.5
55.0
6.2
8.2
10.4
2.6
84.7
31.9
53.7

74.8
14.4
17.5
97.2
72.2
111.4
20.8
43.3
32.8
6.4
3.1
50.9
36.9
241.0
54.2
106.7

27.3
27.7
10.3
45.4
46.9
38.1
10.6
36.4
53.0
6.0
7.7
9.8
1.9
82.7
30.8
30.5

57.5
8.3
11.4
68.3
49.6
88.9
18.4
34.1
28.0
5.9
1.4
33.9
24.9
216.0
47.4
17.1

0.5
20.6

0.1
4.0
0.7
66.1

0.5
0.5
0.7
4.4
3.2
1.8
1.1
0.7
0.2
0.3
0.6
0.1
1.7
0.6
2.7

15.8
2.7
5.9
23.1
16.9
18.4
0.5
8.4
3.8
0.2
0.9
7.4
1.7
19.3
4.6
23.5

0.2
0.8
0.1
2.6
5.6
1.3
0.4
1.1
1.3
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.6
-

1.5
3.3
0.2
5.7
5.7
4.1
1.9
0.9
1.1
0.2
0.9
5.6
9.7
5.7
2.1
-

519.7

983.6

465.0

711.0

21.0

70.9

19.0

153.1

14.7

48.7

82.0
34.0
13.5
4.0
2.3
13.6
61.2
27.6
64.3
8.7
12.2
19.6
4.6
89.7
34.6
61.9

255.3
27.9
18.4
14.3
4.6
173.8
58.1
36.4
76.6
13.2
6.7
97.5
71.5
329.2
103.9
144.9

73.3
32.0
12.8
3.6
2.0
12.6
58.5
25.3
62.5
8.3
11.3
18.5
3.4
82.8
31.8
37.3

207.9
19.0
14.5
8.6
3.2
136.4
49.9
19.6
68.8
12.4
3.2
68.2
58.4
291.2
88.1
25.7

0.5
22.3

9.0
1.2
98.6

5.8
0.9
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.8
0.1
1.4
0.6
0.4
0.8
1.0
0.6
6.7
1.6
2.3

40.5
3.7
3.5
4.9
1.0
31.0
0.8
16.0
5.0
0.5
2.0
12.9
4.0
34.5
9.4
20.6

2.9
1.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.3
2.6
0.9
1.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
1.1
-

6.9
5.2
0.4
0.9
0.3
6.3
7.4
0.8
2.8
0.3
1.4
7.4
7.9
3.6
6.4
-

533.6

1 432.1

475.9

1 075.1

22.9

108.8

24.2

190.4

10.7

57.9

All persons
Health, Public Services and Care
Science and Mathematics
Agriculture, Hor ticulture and Animal Care
Engineering and Manufacturing Technologies
Construction, Planning and the Built Environment
Information & Communication Technology
Retail and Commercial Enterprise
Leisure,Travel and Tourism
Ar ts, Media and Publishing
History, Philosophy and Theology
Social Sciences
Languages, Literature and Culture
Education and Training
Preparation for Life and Work
Business Adiminstration & Law
Other subjects6 / Unknown

All subjects

Males
Health, Public Services and Care
Science and Mathematics
Agriculture, Hor ticulture and Animal Care
Engineering and Manufacturing Technologies
Construction, Planning and the Built Environment
Information & Communication Technology
Retail and Commercial Enterprise
Leisure, Travel and Tourism
Ar ts Media and Publishing
History, Philosophy and Theology
Social Sciences
Languages, Literature and Culture
Education and Training
Preparation for Life and Work
Business Administration & Law
Other Subjects6/Unknown

All subjects

Females
Health, Public Services and Care
Science and Mathematics
Agriculture, Hor ticulture and Animal Care
Engineering and Manufacturing Technologies
Construction, Planning and the Built Environment
Information & Communication Technology
Retail and Commercial Enterprise
Leisure, Travel and Tourism
Ar ts, Media and Publishing
History, Philosophy and Theology
Social Sciences
Language, Literature and Culture
Education and Training
Preparation for Life and Work
Business Administration & Law
Other subjects6/Unknown

All subjects

1 Fur ther education (FE) institution gures are whole year counts. Higher education (HE) institution gures are based on the HESA standard registration count.
2 Full-time includes sandwich. Par t-time comprises both day and evening including block release and open/distance learning.
3 Data are shown by sector subject area and are not directly comparable with
previous years prior to 2005/06.
4 FE institution gures for England include LSC funded students only.
5 Figures for Scotland FE colleges are vocational course enrolments rather
than headcounts.
6 For UK HE institutions, includes the previous subject groups not allocated
to specic sector subject areas, i e. medicine & dentistry, subjects allied to
medicine, biological, veterinary, physical, mathematical and computer sciences and creative arts & design.

Sources: Department for Education;


Depar tment for Business, Innovation and Skills;
Welsh Assembly Government;
Scottish Government;
Nor thern Ireland Department of Education;
Nor thern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning;
01325 391266

75

Education

6.8

Students in higher1 education by level, mode of study,2 sex and age,3 2007/084,5
United Kingdom (home and overseas students)
Thousands
Postgraduate level
PhD and
equivalent

Masters
and others

First degree

Other undergraduate

Total higher
education6

Total
Postgraduate

Full-time

Par t-time

Full-time

Par t-time

Full-time

Par t-time

Full-time

Par t-time

Full-time

Par t-time

Full-time

Par t-time

All
Age under 16
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30+
Unknown

0.1
0.7
3.0
5.3
6.7
6.4
5.7
4.7
3.8
3.0
18.8
-

0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.8
18.9
-

0.1
0.1
0.2
2.0
17.9
29.1
27.7
22.0
16.3
12.5
9.8
7.9
6.4
39.0
0.1

0.1
0.4
1.9
4.7
7.2
9.0
9.9
10.4
10.5
10.3
9.3
161.4
0.9

0.1
0.1
0.2
2.1
18.6
32.1
33.0
28.7
22.7
18.2
14.5
11.7
9.4
57.8
0.1

0.1
0.4
1.9
4.8
7.3
9.3
10.3
11.0
11.2
11.1
10.1
180.3
0.9

0.3
9.9
180.1
248.2
251.0
161.2
77.9
40.0
24.6
17.7
13.5
10.8
8.6
6.8
66.5
0.1

0.1
0.2
1.7
5.0
7.8
9.7
9.4
8.3
7.7
7.2
7.1
7.0
6.4
5.9
121.3
0.1

0.5
4.1
20.1
25.1
18.6
13.4
10.3
8.2
6.8
5.6
4.9
4.3
4.0
3.3
43.8
0.1

0.4
4.8
3.0
7.7
11.8
13.3
13.1
13.3
13.7
14.1
14.2
14.8
14.4
13.9
12.7
303.7
2.6

0.1
0.8
14.0
200.4
273.6
271.8
193.3
120.3
81.2
60.0
46.0
36.6
29.6
24.3
19.5
168.3
0.2

0.5
4.8
3.2
9.4
17.0
21.7
24.8
27.7
29.5
31.2
31.8
32.9
32.7
31.5
28.8
606.0
3.6

All ages

58.2

22.8

191.0

236.1

249.2

258.9

1 117.1

205.0

173.1

471.7

1 539.9

936.9

Males
Age under 16
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30+
Unknown

0.3
1.7
2.9
3.8
3.4
3.0
2.4
2.0
1.6
10.7
-

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.4
9.6
-

0.1
0.1
1.0
7.8
12.9
12.6
10.4
8.1
6.2
5.0
4.2
3.4
20.6
-

0.1
0.7
1.7
2.6
3.3
3.6
4.0
4.0
4.1
3.9
69.5
0.3

0.1
0.1
1.0
8.1
14.6
15.6
14.2
11.5
9.2
7.5
6.1
5.0
31.3
-

0.1
0.7
1.8
2.7
3.5
3.8
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.3
79.1
0.3

0.1
4.3
79.6
111.8
113.7
77.8
39.5
20.3
12.1
8.5
6.1
4.8
3.8
2.9
21.8
-

0.1
0.7
2.6
4.0
4.9
4.7
3.9
3.4
3.1
2.8
2.7
2.5
2.3
44.6
-

0.3
1.7
8.9
11.2
8.0
5.6
4.2
3.3
2.7
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.5
1.2
12.3
-

0.2
2.0
1.3
4.3
6.6
7.0
6.3
5.9
5.4
5.3
5.1
5.2
5.2
5.0
4.6
102.4
0.9

0.4
6.1
88.6
123.2
122.7
91.6
58.3
39.2
28.9
22.0
17.1
13.8
11.4
9.1
65.5
0.1

0.2
2.0
1.4
5.0
9.2
11.1
11.9
12.3
12.0
12.2
12.0
12.3
12.3
12.0
11.2
226.4
1.2

All ages

31.9

11.5

92.3

97.9

124.2

109.4

507.2

82.3

66.4

172.5

698.1

364.8

0.3
1.2
2.3
2.9
3.0
2.7
2.2
1.9
1.4
8.1
-

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.4
9.3
-

0.1
0.1
1.1
10.2
16.2
15.1
11.6
8.2
6.3
4.8
3.7
3.0
18.3
-

0.3
1.2
3.0
4.6
5.7
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.2
5.4
91.9
0.6

0.1
0.1
1.1
10.5
17.5
17.4
14.5
11.3
9.0
7.0
5.6
4.4
26.5
0.1

0.3
1.2
3.0
4.7
5.9
6.5
6.7
6.9
6.6
5.8
101.2
0.6

0.2
5.5
100.4
136.4
137.3
83.4
38.5
19.7
12.5
9.1
7.3
6.0
4.9
3.9
44.8
-

0.1
0.9
2.5
3.9
4.9
4.8
4.4
4.3
4.1
4.2
4.3
3.9
3.6
76.7
0.1

0.3
2.3
11.2
13.8
10.6
7.8
6.0
4.9
4.1
3.6
3.1
2.7
2.5
2.1
31.5
-

0.2
2.8
1.6
3.4
5.2
6.3
6.8
7.5
8.4
8.8
9.2
9.6
9.3
8.9
8.2
201.3
1.7

0.4
7.9
111.7
150.4
149.1
101.7
62.0
42.0
31.0
24.0
19.4
15.7
12.9
10.4
102.9
0.1

0.2
2.8
1.8
4.4
7.8
10.6
13.0
15.3
17.5
19.0
19.8
20.6
20.5
19.5
17.6
379.5
2.3

26.3

11.3

98.7

138.3

124.9

149.5

609.9

122.7

106.7

299.2

841.8

572.1

Females
Age under 16
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30+
Unknown
All ages

1 Includes Open University students. Par t-time gures include dormant


modes, those writing up at home and on sabbaticals.
2 Full-time includes sandwich. Par t-time comprises both day and evening, including block release and open/distance learning.
3 Ages as at 31 August 2007 (1 July in Northern Ireland and 31 December in
Scotland).
4 Figures for higher education (HE) institutions are based on the HESA standard registration count. Figure for further education (FE) institutions are
whole year enrolments.

76

5 FE institution gures for England include Learning and Skills Council (LSC)
funded students only.
6 Includes data for HE students in FE institutions in Wales which cannot be split
by level.
Sources: Department for Education;
Depar tment for Business, Innovation and Skills;
Welsh Assembly Government;
Scottish Government;
Nor thern Ireland Department of Education;
Nor thern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning;
01325 391266

Education

6.9

Students in higher1
group3, 2007/083,4

education by level, mode of

study2,

sex and subject

United Kingdom - Home and overseas students

Thousands
Postgraduate level

PhD and
equivalent

All persons
Medicine & Dentistry
Subjects Allied to Medicine
Biological Sciences
Vet. Science, Agriculture & related
Physical Sciences
Mathematical and Computing Sciences
Engineering & Technology
Architecture, Building & Planning
Social Sciences (inc Law)
Business & Administrative Studies
Mass Communication & Documentation
Languages
Historical and Philosophical Studies
Creative Arts & Design
Education6
Other subjects7
Unknown5,8
All subjects
of which overseas students
Males
Medicine and Dentistry
Subjects Allied to Medicine
Biological Sciences
Vet. Science, Agriculture & related
Physical Sciences
Mathematical and Computing Sciences
Engineering & Technology
Architecture, Building & Planning
Social Sciences (inc Law)
Business & Administrative Studies
Mass Communication & Documentation
Languages
Historical and Philosophical Studies
Creative Arts & Design
Education6
Other subjects7
Unknown5,8
All subjects
of which overseas students
Females
Medicine & Dentistry
Subjects Allied to Medicine
Biological Sciences
Vet. Science, Agriculture & related
Physical Sciences
Mathematical and Computing Sciences
Engineering & Technology
Architecture, Building & Planning
Social Sciences (inc Law)
Business & Administrative Studies
Mass Communication & Documentation
Languages
Historical and Philosophical Studies
Creative Arts & Design
Education6
Other subjects7
Unknown5,8
All subjects
of which overseas students

Masters and
others

First degree

Other
undergraduate

Total higher
education5

Total
Postgraduate

Fulltime

Par ttime

Fulltime

Par ttime

Fulltime

Par ttime

Fulltime

Par ttime

Fulltime

Par ttime

Fulltime

Par ttime

4.5
2.7
8.9
0.8
8.6
4.7
8.5
0.8
6.3
2.5
0.4
3.3
3.3
1.4
1.3
-

2.5
2.0
2.1
0.1
0.7
1.0
1.5
0.4
2.2
2.0
0.2
1.1
1.8
1.0
3.9
0.1
-

3.2
8.9
7.8
1.4
5.3
12.3
15.3
5.1
31.1
45.0
5.3
6.6
5.0
9.4
28.5
0.1
0.8

7.6
33.2
7.8
1.1
3.2
7.0
10.3
8.7
21.7
49.2
3.2
4.1
5.9
5.5
59.4
2.3
6.0

7.7
11.7
16.6
2.1
13.9
17.0
23.9
5.9
37.4
47.5
5.7
9.9
8.3
10.8
29.8
0.1
0.8

10.2
35.2
9.9
1.2
3.9
8.0
11.8
9.1
23.9
51.1
3.5
5.2
7.7
6.6
63.3
2.3
6.0

43.4
86.6
107.9
11.2
51.5
73.2
74.2
27.8
158.4
145.7
34.2
75.7
52.1
119.7
42.8
5.0
7.8

0.1
27.5
17.3
0.5
6.5
13.1
11.2
8.6
28.9
18.2
1.5
9.6
12.8
5.2
9.8
28.5
5.8

0.4
58.4
4.1
3.4
1.3
8.1
8.7
4.5
10.5
17.4
1.7
2.3
0.4
16.9
9.2
3.8
21.8

0.1
69.4
6.0
4.7
5.2
13.8
15.3
9.2
37.0
43.6
1.6
33.5
15.2
7.4
48.4
81.5
79.9

51.5
156.7
128.6
16.8
66.7
98.3
106.7
38.2
206.3
210.5
41.7
87.9
60.9
147.4
81.9
8.9
30.9

10.4
132.0
33.3
6.4
15.6
34.9
38.3
26.9
89.8
112.9
6.6
48.3
35.7
19.1
121.4
112.3
93.0

58.2

22.8

191.0

236.2

249.2

259.0

1 117.2

205.0

173.2

471.7

1 540.0

936.9

28.3

5.7

28.8

133.1

34.6

134.4

10.0

14.7

20.5

282.2

65.1

1.8
1.2
3.3
0.3
5.4
3.6
6.7
0.5
3.1
1.5
0.2
1.4
1.9
0.7
0.4
-

1.3
0.7
0.8
0.1
0.4
0.8
1.2
0.2
1.1
1.3
0.1
0.5
1.0
0.5
1.5
-

1.3
3.0
2.8
0.7
3.0
9.5
12.2
3.1
13.4
24.6
1.8
2.1
2.5
3.6
8.4
0.1
0.2

3.5
9.0
2.4
0.6
1.9
5.4
8.2
5.3
8.7
26.0
1.0
1.3
3.0
2.2
16.6
1.0
1.8

3.1
4.2
6.0
1.0
8.4
13.1
18.9
3.6
16.6
26.1
2.0
3.5
4.3
4.3
8.8
0.1
0.2

4.8
9.7
3.2
0.6
2.3
6.2
9.3
5.6
9.8
27.3
1.2
1.8
4.0
2.7
18.1
1.1
1.8

18.0
18.9
40.6
3.3
30.2
55.9
62.0
19.2
62.5
75.8
15.2
22.6
25.1
46.9
6.5
2.0
2.7

0.1
4.4
4.7
0.1
3.8
9.8
10.0
6.8
9.9
8.4
0.6
2.6
5.2
1.8
1.2
11.0
2.1

0.1
7.0
2.3
1.5
0.7
6.7
7.5
3.4
3.3
8.0
1.0
1.2
0.2
7.3
2.3
2.1
12.0

0.1
9.8
1.9
2.2
2.7
9.0
13.8
6.9
10.0
18.9
0.7
13.1
5.3
2.3
12.2
30.8
33.0

21.2
30.1
48.9
5.7
39.3
75.7
88.4
26.2
82.4
109.8
18.2
27.3
29.6
58.4
17.6
4.2
15.2

4.9
23.9
9.8
3.0
8.8
24.9
33.1
19.2
29.7
54.5
2.4
17.5
14.5
6.7
31.5
42.9
37.4

31.9

11.5

92.3

97.9

124.2

109.4

507.2

82.3

66.4

172.5

698.1

364.7

16.4

3.3

56.2

16.1

72.7

19.4

67.5

5.6

8.2

9.2

148.4

34.2

2.7
1.6
5.6
0.4
3.2
1.2
1.9
0.3
3.2
1.0
0.2
1.9
1.5
0.7
0.8
-

1.3
1.3
1.4
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.1
1.1
0.7
0.1
0.7
0.8
0.5
2.4
-

1.9
6.0
5.0
0.7
2.3
2.7
3.1
1.9
17.7
20.3
3.5
4.5
2.5
5.8
20.1
0.1
0.5

4.1
24.2
5.4
0.5
1.3
1.6
2.2
3.4
13.0
23.1
2.2
2.7
2.9
3.4
42.8
1.2
4.3

4.6
7.5
10.6
1.2
5.5
3.9
5.0
2.3
20.9
21.4
3.7
6.4
4.0
6.5
21.0
0.1
0.5

5.4
25.5
6.8
0.6
1.6
1.9
2.5
3.5
14.1
23.8
2.3
3.4
3.7
3.9
45.1
1.3
4.3

25.4
67.7
67.3
8.0
21.2
17.3
12.2
8.6
95.9
69.9
19.0
53.1
27.0
72.8
36.3
3.0
5.1

23.0
12.6
0.3
2.7
3.3
1.2
1.8
19.0
9.8
0.9
7.0
7.6
3.4
8.6
17.6
3.8

0.4
51.4
1.8
2.0
0.7
1.4
1.1
1.1
7.2
9.4
0.7
1.1
0.2
9.7
7.0
1.6
9.9

0.1
59.6
4.1
2.4
2.5
4.8
1.5
2.3
27.0
24.7
0.9
20.4
9.9
5.2
36.2
50.6
46.9

30.4
126.6
79.7
11.1
27.4
22.6
18.3
12.0
123.9
100.7
23.4
60.7
31.3
89.0
64.2
4.7
15.7

5.5
108.1
23.59
3.4
6.8
10.1
5.2
7.6
60.1
58.3
4.1
30.8
21.2
12.4
89.9
69.4
55.6

26.3

11.3

98.7

138.3

124.9

149.5

609.9

122.7

106.7

299.2

841.8

572.1

11.8

2.5

48.6

12.7

60.5

15.2

66.9

4.3

6.4

11.3

133.8

30.8

1 Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) higher education institutions include Open University students. Par t-time gures include dormant modes,
those writing up at home and on sabbaticals.
2 Full-time includes sandwich. Par t-time comprises both day and evening, including block release and open/distance learning.
3 Figures for higher education (HE) institutions are based on the HESA standard registration count. Figures for further education (FE) institutions are
whole year enrolments.
4 FE institution gures for England include Learning and Skills Council (LSC)
funded students only.
5 Includes data for HE students in FE institutions in Wales which cannot be
split by level.
6 Including ITT and INSET.

7 Includes Combined and general categories.


8 Includes data for HE students in FE institutions in England, which cannot be
split by subject group.
Sources: Department for Education;
Depar tment for Business, Innovation and Skills;
Welsh Assembly Government;
Scottish Government;
Nor thern Ireland Department of Education;
Nor thern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning;
01325 391266

77

Education

6.10

Students1,2 obtaining higher education qualifications3,4: by level, sex and


subject group, 2007/08
United Kingdom

Thousands
Postgraduate
PhD and
equivalent

Masters and Other

Total

First Degree

Sub-degree5

Total
higher education

1.8
1.0
2.5
0.2
2.2
1.2
2.1
0.2
1.6
0.8
0.1
0.9
1.0
0.4
0.7
-

4.4
11.7
6.6
1.1
4.2
9.3
11.5
5.9
27.5
43.6
4.4
5.4
4.9
7.7
43.0
0.1

6.1
12.8
9.1
1.3
6.4
10.5
13.7
6.1
29.1
44.4
4.5
6.4
5.9
8.1
43.7
0.1

8.5
32.5
31.2
3.0
13.0
20.7
20.4
8.7
48.6
45.4
9.8
21.5
17.1
35.0
14.2
5.2

0.2
39.4
4.8
1.5
2.6
7.1
6.0
4.3
17.2
15.1
1.4
4.9
3.1
7.2
17.6
1.2

14.8
84.7
45.1
5.8
22.1
38.3
40.0
19.0
94.9
104.9
15.6
32.8
26.1
50.3
75.5
6.5

16.6

191.5

208.1

334.9

133.5

676.5

Subject group
Medicine and Dentistry
Subjects Allied to Medicine
Biological Sciences
Vet. Science, Agriculture & related
Physical Sciences
Mathematical & Computer Sciences
Engineering & Technology
Architecture, Building & Planning
Social Studies (inc Law)6
Business & Administrative Studies
Mass Communication & Documentation
Languages
Historical and Philosophical Studies
Creative Arts & Design
Education7
Combined, general

0.8
0.4
1.0
0.1
1.4
0.9
1.7
0.1
0.8
0.4
0.4
0.6
0.2
0.2
-

1.8
3.1
2.2
0.5
2.3
7.1
9.1
3.4
11.7
23.0
1.5
1.7
2.4
2.9
11.9
-

2.7
3.5
3.2
0.6
3.7
8.0
10.8
3.6
12.5
23.5
1.5
2.1
2.9
3.1
12.2
0.1

3.4
6.1
11.0
0.9
7.4
15.4
17.0
6.0
18.5
22.4
4.1
6.2
8.0
13.2
2.0
2.1

5.4
2.1
0.6
1.4
5.3
5.3
3.0
5.3
6.9
0.7
1.9
1.1
3.1
4.8
0.4

6.1
15.0
16.3
2.1
12.5
28.7
33.1
12.6
36.3
52.8
6.3
10.1
12.1
19.4
18.9
2.6

All subjects

9.2

84.6

93.8

143.7

47.3

284.8

Subject group
Medicine & Dentistry
Subjects Allied to Medicine
Biological Sciences
Vet. Science, Agriculture & related
Physical Sciences
Mathematical & Computer Sciences
Engineering & Technology
Architecture, Building & Planning
Social Studies (inc Law)6
Business & Administrative Studies
Mass Communication & Documentation
Languages
Historical and Philosophical Studies
Creative Arts & Design
Education7
Combined, general

0.9
0.6
1.5
0.1
0.8
0.3
0.4
0.1
0.8
0.3
0.1
0.5
0.4
0.2
0.4
-

2.5
8.7
4.4
0.6
1.9
2.2
2.5
2.4
15.8
20.6
2.9
3.7
2.6
4.9
31.1
0.1

3.5
9.2
5.9
0.7
2.7
2.5
2.9
2.5
16.6
20.9
3.0
4.3
3.0
5.0
31.5
0.1

5.1
26.4
20.2
2.1
5.6
5.3
3.3
2.6
30.1
23.0
5.7
15.4
9.1
21.8
12.3
3.1

0.2
33.9
2.7
0.9
1.2
1.7
0.7
1.2
11.9
8.1
0.7
3.0
1.9
4.1
12.9
0.7

8.7
69.6
28.8
3.7
9.5
9.5
6.9
6.4
58.6
52.0
9.3
22.7
14.0
31.0
56.6
3.9

All subjects

7.4

106.8

114.3

191.0

86.1

391.4

All persons
Subject group
Medicine & Dentistry
Subjects Allied to Medicine
Biological Sciences
Vet. Science, Agriculture & related
Physical Sciences
Mathematical & Computer Sciences
Engineering & Technology
Architecture, Building & Planning
Social Studies (inc Law)6
Business & Administrative Studies
Mass Communication & Documentation
Languages
Historical and Philosophical Studies
Creative Arts & Design
Education7
Combined, general
All subjects

Males

Females

1 Includes students on Open University courses. The eld "gender" has


changed to be consistent with the MIAP common data denitions coding
frame. Students of indeterminate gender are now included in total gures
but not in separate breakdowns. "Indeterminate" means unable to be classied as either male or female and is not related in any way to trans-gender.
2 Includes students qualifying on all modes of study.
3 Excludes qualications from the private sector, except for the University of
Buckingham who returned data to HESA in 2007/08.
4 Includes higher educational qualications in higher educational institutions
in the United Kingdom only. Higher education qualications in further education institutions are excluded.

78

5 Excludes students who successfully completed courses for which formal qualications are not awarded.
6 Including law.
7 Including ITT and INSET
8 Governmant Ofce Region in England and each UK country by location of
study.
Sources: Department for Education;
Depar tment for Business, Innovation and Skills;
Welsh Assembly Government;
Scottish Government;
Nor thern Ireland Department of Education;
Nor thern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning;
01325 391266

Education

6.11

Qualified teachers: by type of school and sex1


Thousands
Public sector mainstream schools
2,3,4

Nursery

and
primary

Secondary

Nonmaintained
mainstream
schools

All
special
schools

Total6

All full-time teachers


United Kingdom
1990/917
1995/967,8
2000/019,10
2002/0311
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/0812
of which:
England and Wales1
Scotland
Nor thern Ireland

208.8
211.8
211.2
210.5
210.6
208.5
208.4
207.0
206.3

233.1
222.1
225.7
229.7
229.7
232.5
233.8
234.4
231.7

44.9
48.6
52.3
53.6
55.8
56.3
57.2
58.7
62.0

19.0
17.2
16.5
19.8
19.8
19.9
20.4
20.5
20.6

505.7
499.7
505.7
513.6
516.0
517.2
519.8
520.6
520.6

176.8
22.0
7.5

197.8
24.3
9.7

59.2
2.7
0.1

17.8
2.2
0.7

451.6
51.1
18.0

37.7
35.5
32.1
31.7
31.7
31.2
31.0
30.7
30.6

120.7
107.9
102.9
101.6
101.5
101.6
100.8
99.9
97.5

20.6
21.1
21.3
21.6
22.7
22.9
23.5
23.9
25.2

5.9
5.4
5.0
5.9
5.9
5.9
6.0
6.1
6.1

184.9
169.8
161.3
160.8
161.9
161.6
161.3
160.6
159.3

27.7
1.6
1.3

83.7
10.2
3.6

24.1
1.0
-

5.4
0.5
0.1

140.9
13.4
5.0

171.1
176.3
179.1
178.8
178.9
177.3
175.8
174.6
174.0

112.3
114.2
122.8
128.2
128.2
130.9
133.1
134.5
134.2

24.3
27.4
30.9
32.0
33.0
33.4
33.7
34.8
36.8

13.1
11.8
11.6
13.9
13.9
14.0
14.3
14.4
14.6

320.8
329.9
344.4
352.8
354.0
355.6
356.8
358.3
359.6

149.1
18.6
6.2

114.1
14.1
6.1

35.1
1.6
0.1

12.4
1.6
0.6

310.7
36.0
12.9

..
19.1
21.9
23.8
26.4
27.5
30.1
31.1
33.0

..
17.7
16.7
17.8
19.5
20.6
21.5
22.1
23.0

..
8.9
10.2
11.1
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.8
12.1

..
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.9
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2

30.0
47.2
50.4
54.4
59.3
61.4
65.2
67.1
70.2

Full-time male teachers


United Kingdom
1990/917
1995/967,8
2000/019,10
2002/0311
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/0812
of which:
England and Wales1
Scotland
Nor thern Ireland
Full-time female teachers
United Kingdom
1990/917
1995/967,8
2000/019,10
2002/0311
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/0812
of which:
England and Wales1
Scotland
Nor thern Ireland
All full time equivalents (FTE) of part-time teachers
United Kingdom
1990/91
1995/967,8
2000/019,10
2002/0311
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/0812

1 Public sector teachers numbers in England & Wales have been provided 5 From 1993/94 excludes sixth form colleges in England and Wales which were
from the 618G survey and gender split has been calculated by using the
reclassied as further education colleges on 1 April 1993.
propor tions from the Database of Teacher Records (DTR).
6 Excludes Pupil Referral Units (PRUs).
2 From 2005/06, data for Scotland include only centres providing pre-school 7 Figures for non-maintained mainstream schools refer to Great Britain.
education as a local authority centre or in partnership with the local authori- 8 Includes 1994/95 data for Northern Ireland.
ty. Figures are not therefore directly comparable with previous years.
9 Includes 1999/00 pre-school data for Scotland.
3 From 2005/06, for Scotland pre-school education centres, the total full-time 10 Includes 2001/02 data for Northern Ireland.
equivalent (FTE) of General Teaching Council of Scotland (GTC) registered 11 Includes 2001/02 pre-school and 2003/04 school data for Scotland.
staff has been provided within the full-time section only because informa- 12 Provisional.
tion on full time/part-time split is not available. Teachers are counted once
for each centre they work for, so the number of teachers contains some
Sources: Department for Education;
double counting. However, as each centre calculates the teachers FTE as
Depar tment for Business, Innovation and Skills;
the time they spend working in that centre, the FTE should not be doubleWelsh Assembly Government;
counted. Full-time/part-time gures for 2004/05 are estimates based on the
Scottish Government;
headcount of all GTC registered staff.
Nor thern Ireland Department of Education;
4 For Scotland pre-school education centres FTE staff, a gender split is not
Nor thern Ireland Department for Employment and Learning;
available. Gender gures for 2004/05 are estimates based on the head01325 391266
count of all GTC registered staff.

79

Labour Market

Labour Market

Chapter 7

Labour market

Labour Market

Labour market
Labour Force Survey
(Tables 7.17.3, 7.6, 7.9, 7.107.11, 7.13 and 7.167.18)
Labour Force Survey
Background
The Labour Force Survey (LFS) is the largest regular household
survey in the UK, with interviews being conducted
continuously throughout the year. In any three-month period,
a nationally representative sample of approximately 110,000
people, aged 16 and over, in around 50,000 households are
interviewed. Each household is interviewed ve times, at
three-monthly intervals. The initial interview is done faceto-face by an interviewer visiting the address, except for
residents north of the Caledonian Canal in Scotland. The
other interviews are done by telephone wherever possible. The
survey asks a series of questions about respondents personal
circumstances and their labour market activity. Most questions
refer to activity in the week before the interview.
The LFS collects information on a sample of the population. To
convert this information to give estimates for the population
the data must be grossed. This is achieved by calculating
weighting factors (often referred to simply as weights) which
can be applied to each sampled individual in such a way that
the weighted-up results match estimates or projections of the
total population in terms of age distribution, sex and region of
residence. There is a considerable amount of ongoing research
to improve methodologies. Whenever methodologies are
implemented the estimates may be revised.
The concepts and denitions used in the LFS are agreed by
the International Labour Organisation (ILO) an agency of
the United Nations. The denitions are used by European
Union member countries and members of the Organisation for
Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
The LFS was carried out every two years from 1973 to
1983. The ILO denition was rst used in 1984. This was
also the rst year in which the survey was conducted on an
annual basis with results available for every spring quarter
(representing an average of the period from March to May).
The survey moved to a continuous basis in spring 1992 in
Great Britain and in winter 1994/95 in Northern Ireland,
with average quarterly results published four times a year
for seasonal quarters: spring (March to May), summer (June
to August), autumn (September to November) and winter
(December to February). From April 1998, results are published
12 times a year for the average of three consecutive months.

Strengths and limitations of the LFS


The LFS produces coherent labour market information on
the basis of internationally standard concepts and denitions. It is a rich source of data on a wide variety of labour
market and personal characteristics. It is the most suitable
source for making comparisons between countries. The
LFS is designed so that households interviewed in each
three-month period constitute a representative sample of
UK households. The survey covers those living in private
households and nurses in National Health Service accommodation. Students living in halls of residence have been
included since 1992 as information about them is collected
at their parents address.
However the LFS has its limitations. It is a sample survey and is therefore subject to sampling variability. The
survey does not include people living in institutions such
as hostels, hotels, boarding houses, mobile home sites or
residential homes. Proxy reporting (when members of the
household are not present at the interview and another
member of the household answers the questions on their
behalf) can affect the quality of information on topics such
as earnings, hours worked, benet receipt and qualications. Around a third of interviews are conducted by proxy,
usually by a spouse or partner but sometimes by a parent
or other near relation. LFS estimates are also potentially
affected by non-response.
Sampling Variability
Survey estimates are prone to sampling variability. The
easiest way to explain this concept is by example. In the
September to November 1997 period, ILO unemployment
in Great Britain (seasonally adjusted) stood at 1,847,000. If
we drew another sample for the same period we could get
a different result, perhaps 1,900,000 or 1,820,000.
In theory, we could draw many samples, and each would
give a different result. This is because each sample would
be made up of different people who would give different
answers to the questions. The spread of these results is the
sampling variability. Sampling variability is determined by a
number of factors including the sample size, the variability
of the population from which the sample is drawn and the
sample design. Once we know the sampling variability we
can calculate a range of values about the sample estimate
that represents the expected variation with a given level of
assurance. This is called a condence interval. For a 95 per
cent condence interval we expect that in 95 per cent of
the samples (19 times out of 20) the condence interval
will contain the true value that would be obtained by surveying the entire population. For the example given above,
we can be 95 per cent condent that the true value was in
the range 1,791,000 to 1,903,000.

Labour Market

Unreliable estimates
Estimates of small numbers have relatively wide condence
intervals making them unreliable. For this reason, ONS
does not currently publish LFS estimates below 10,000.
Non-response
All surveys are subject to non-response that is respondents in the sample who either refuse to take part in the
survey or who cannot be contacted. Non-response can
introduce bias to a survey, particularly if the people not responding have characteristics that are different from those
who do respond.
The LFS has a response rate of around 65 per cent to the
rst interview, and over 90 per cent of those who are
interviewed once go on to complete all ve interviews.
These are relatively high levels for a household survey.
Any bias from non-response is minimised by weighting
the results. Weighting (or grossing) converts sample data
to represent the full population. In the LFS, the data are
weighted separately by age, sex and area of residence to
population estimates based on the census. Weighting also
adjusts for people not in the survey and thus minimises
non-response bias.

Employees The division between employees and self


employed is based on survey respondents own assessment
of their employment status.
Full-time The classication of employees, self-employed
and unpaid family workers in their main job as full-time
or part-time is on the basis of self-assessment. However,
people on government supported employment and training programmes that are at college in the reference week
are classied, by convention, as part-time.
Government-supported training and employment programmes Comprise all people aged 16 and over
participating in one of the governments employment and
training programmes (Youth Training, Training for Work
and Community Action), together with those on similar
programmes administered by Training and Enterprise
Councils in England and Wales, or Local Enterprise Companies in Scotland.
Hours worked Respondents to the LFS are asked a series
of questions enabling the identication of both their usual
hours and their actual hours. Total hours include overtime
(paid and unpaid) and exclude lunch breaks.

Actual hours worked Actual hours worked statistics


measure how many hours were actually worked.
These statistics are directly affected by changes in the
number of people in employment and in the number
of hours that individual works

Usual hours worked Usual hours worked statistics


measure how many hours people usually work per
week. Compared with actual hours worked, they are
not affected by absences and so can provide a better
measure of normal working patterns

LFS concepts and denitions


Discouraged worker A sub-group of the economically
inactive population who said although they would like a
job their main reason for not seeking work was because
they believed there were no jobs available.
Economically active People aged 16 and over who are
either in employment or unemployed.
Economic activity rate The number of people who are in
employment or unemployed expressed as a percentage of
the relevant population.
Economically inactive People who are neither in employment nor unemployed. These include those who want a
job but have not been seeking work in the last four weeks;
those who want a job and are seeking work but are not
available to start; and those who do not want a job.
Employment People aged 16 and over who did at least
one hour of paid work in the reference week (as an employee or self-employed); those who had a job that they
were temporarily away from; those on government-supported training and employment programmes; and those
doing unpaid family work.

Unemployment The number of unemployed people in


the UK is measured through the LFS following the internationally agreed denition recommended by the International Labour Organisation (ILO), an agency of the United
Nations.
Unemployed people who are:
1. without a job, have actively sought work in the last
four weeks and are available to start work in the next
two weeks or
2. out of work, have found a job and are waiting to start
in the next two weeks
Unemployment (rate) The number of unemployed people
expressed as a percentage of the relevant economically
active population.

Labour Market

Unemployment (duration) The duration of a respondents


unemployment is dened as the shorter of the following
two periods:

Jobseekers allowance claimant count

duration of active search for work

length of time since employment

This is a count of all people claiming Jobseekers Allowance


(JSA) at Jobcentre Plus local ofces. People claiming JSA must
declare that they are:

Part-time see full-time.


Second jobs Jobs which LFS respondents hold in addition
to a main full-time or part-time job.
Self-employment See Employees.
Temporary employees In the LFS these are dened as
those employees who say that their main job is nonpermanent in one of the following ways: xed period
contract, agency temping, casual work, seasonal work or
other temporary work.
Unpaid family workers Persons doing unpaid work for a
business they own or for a business that a relative owns.

(Tables 7.14 and 7.15)

out of work

capable of work

available for work

actively seeking work

during the week in which the claim is made.


All people claiming JSA on the day of the monthly count are
included in the claimant count, irrespective of whether they
are actually receiving benets. Also see table 10.6 in Social
protection chapter.

International Employment Comparisons

Labour disputes

(Table 7.7)

(Table 7.19)

All employment rates for European Union (EU) countries published by Eurostat (including the rate for the UK) are based on
the population aged 1564. The rates for Canada and Japan
are also based on the population aged 1564, but the rate for
the US is for those aged 1664. The employment rate for the
UK published by ONS is based on the working age population
aged 1664 (men) and 1659 (women) and

These gures exclude details of stoppages involving fewer


than ten workers or lasting less than one day, except any in
which the aggregate number of working days lost is 100 or
more. There may be some under-recording of small or short
stoppages; this would have much more effect on the total of
stoppages than of working days lost. Some stoppages which
affected more than one industry group have been counted
under each of the industries but only once in the totals.
Stoppages have been classied using the Standard Industrial
Classication (SIC) 2003.

therefore takes into account both the current school leaving


age and state pension ages.
The unemployment rate published by Eurostat for most EU
countries (but not for the UK), are calculated by extrapolating
from the most recent LFS data using monthly registered unemployment data. A standard population basis (1574) is used by
Eurostat except for Spain and the UK (1674). The unemployment rate for the US is based on those aged 16 and over, but
the rates for Canada and Japan are for those aged 15 and
over. All unemployment rates are seasonally adjusted.

The gures for working days lost and workers involved have
been rounded and consequently the sum of the constituent
items may not agree with the totals. Classications by size are
based on the full duration of stoppages where these continue
into the following year. Working days lost per thousand
employees are based on the latest available mid-year (June)
estimates of employee jobs.

The unemployment rate for the UK published by Eurostat is


based on the population aged 1674 while the unemployment
rate for the UK published by ONS is based on those aged 16
and over. There are other minor denitional differences.

Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings

(Tables 7.20, 7.21, 7.24 and 7.25)


The Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) is based
on a one per cent sample of employee jobs taken from HM
Revenue & Customs (HMRC) PAYE records. Information on
earnings and paid hours worked is obtained from employers
and treated condentially. ASHE does not cover the

Labour Market

self-employed nor does it cover employees not paid during the


reference period.

gures may therefore include some people who are selfemployed, unemployed or retired.

The headline statistics for ASHE are based on the median


rather than the mean. The median is the value below which
50 per cent of employees fall. It is ONS's preferred measure
of average earnings as it is less affected by a relatively small
number of very high earners and the skewed distribution of
earnings. It therefore gives a better indication of typical pay
than the mean.
The earnings information presented relates to gross pay before
tax, National Insurance or other deductions, and excludes
payments in kind. With the exception of annual earnings,
the results are restricted to earnings relating to the survey
pay period and so exclude payments of arrears from another
period made during the survey period; any payments due as a
result of a pay settlement, but not yet paid at the time of the
survey, will also be excluded.
More detailed information is available on the ONS website at:
www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/Product.asp?vlnk=13101

to increase the estimates of the level of average


weekly pay over estimates published from the NES

for males the increase in estimates of earnings is


more than the increase for females. In particular this
affects hourly pay excluding overtime, which is used in the
calculation of ONS's preferred measure of the gender pay
gap. The estimate of hourly pay for males is increased
more then the estimate for females, which widens the
estimate of the gap between male and female hourly pay

estimates of the level of earnings for people working


in London are increased more than estimates for
other regions. This widens the estimate of the
difference in pay between London and other regions
of the UK

For information about methodological changes to the 2007


ASHE survey see: www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_
labour/ASHE/ChangeInASHE07.pdf

Trade unions
(Table 7.26)
The statistics relate to all organisations of employees known
to the Certication Ofcer with head ofces in the UK that
fall within the appropriate denition of a trade union in the
Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992.
Included in the data are home and overseas membership
gures of contributory and non-contributory members.
Employment status of members is not provided and the

Labour Market

Labour Market

7.1

summary:1

Labour force
United Kingdom

by sex

At Quarter 2 each year2. Seasonally adjusted

Thousands and percentages

All aged 16 &


over

Total
economically
active

Total in
employment

Total
unemployed

Economically
inactive

Economic
activity
rate(%)

Employment
rate2 (%)

Unemployment
rate3 (%)

Economic
inactivity
rate4 (%)

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

MGSL
46 787
47 087
47 448
47 871
48 268

MGSF
29 450
29 675
29 909
30 239
30 698

MGRZ
27 921
28 186
28 485
28 774
29 030

MGSC
1 529
1 489
1 424
1 465
1 669

MGSI
17 337
17 411
17 538
17 632
17 570

MGWG
63.0
63.0
63.0
63.2
63.6

MGSR
59.7
59.9
60.0
60.1
60.2

MGSX
5.2
5.1
4.8
4.9
5.4

YBTC
37.0
37.0
37.0
36.8
36.4

2007
2008
2009

48 668
49 059
49 468

30 875
31 220
31 374

29 222
29 443
28 979

1 653
1 776
2 395

17 793
17 839
18 093

63.5
63.6
63.5

60.0
60.0
58.6

5.3
5.7
7.6

36.5
36.4
36.5

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

MGSM
22 600
22 775
22 978
23 214
23 438

MGSG
16 018
16 161
16 240
16 397
16 628

MGSA
15 099
15 262
15 405
15 535
15 662

MGSD
920
900
836
862
966

MGSJ
6 582
6 614
6 738
6 817
6 811

MGWH
70.8
71.0
70.7
70.6
70.9

MGSS
66.8
67.0
67.1
66.9
66.9

MGSY
5.7
5.6
5.1
5.3
5.8

YBTD
29.1
29.0
29.3
29.4
29.1

2007
2008
2009

23 668
23 891
24 104

16 757
16 941
16 962

15 813
15 894
15 497

944
1 047
1 465

6 911
6 950
7 142

70.8
70.9
70.3

66.8
66.5
64.3

5.6
6.2
8.6

29.2
29.1
29.6

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

MGSN
24 186
24 311
24 469
24 657
24 830

MGSH
13 432
13 515
13 669
13 842
14 070

MGSB
12 823
12 925
13 080
13 239
13 367

MGSE
609
590
589
603
704

MGSK
10 755
10 797
10 800
10 815
10 760

MGWI
55.5
55.6
55.8
56.1
56.7

MGST
53.0
53.1
53.5
53.7
53.8

MGSZ
4.5
4.4
4.3
4.4
5.0

YBTE
44.5
44.4
44.2
43.9
43.3

2007
2008
2009

25 001
25 168
25 364

14 118
14 278
14 412

13 409
13 549
13 482

709
729
930

10 883
10 889
10 952

56.5
56.8
56.8

53.7
53.8
53.1

5.1
5.1
6.4

43.5
43.3
43.2

All aged 16 to
59/64

Total
economically
active

Total in
employment

Total
unemployed

Economically
inactive

Economic
activity
rate(%)

Employment
rate(%)

Unemployment
rate(%)

Economic
inactivity
rate(%)

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

YBTF
36 304
36 514
36 773
37 089
37 365

YBSK
28 542
28 713
28 893
29 149
29 506

YBSE
27 034
27 240
27 486
27 705
27 863

YBSH
1 509
1 472
1 407
1 445
1 643

YBSN
7 762
7 801
7 880
7 940
7 859

MGSO
78.6
78.6
78.6
78.6
78.9

MGSU
74.5
74.6
74.7
74.7
74.6

YBTI
5.3
5.2
4.9
5.0
5.6

YBTL
21.4
21.3
21.4
21.4
21.0

2007
2008
2009

37 565
37 743
37 922

29 625
29 871
29 956

27 996
28 120
27 597

1 629
1 751
2 359

7 940
7 872
7 967

78.9
79.1
79.0

74.6
74.5
72.8

5.5
5.9
7.9

21.1
20.9
21.0

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

YBTG
18 727
18 855
19 010
19 198
19 380

YBSL
15 712
15 823
15 894
16 027
16 228

YBSF
14 801
14 932
15 068
15 175
15 272

YBSI
911
891
827
852
955

YBSO
3 015
3 032
3 116
3 171
3 152

MGSP
83.9
83.9
83.6
83.5
83.7

MGSV
79.0
79.2
79.3
79.0
78.8

YBTJ
5.8
5.6
5.2
5.3
5.9

YBTM
16.1
16.1
16.4
16.5
16.3

2007
2008
2009

19 549
19 688
19 807

16 341
16 487
16 504

15 407
15 452
15 055

935
1 035
1 449

3 208
3 201
3 304

83.6
83.8
83.3

78.8
78.5
76.0

5.7
6.3
8.8

16.4
16.3
16.7

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

YBTH
17 577
17 660
17 763
17 891
17 985

YBSM
12 830
12 890
12 999
13 123
13 278

YBSG
12 232
12 309
12 419
12 530
12 591

YBSJ
598
582
580
592
688

YBSP
4 747
4 769
4 765
4 769
4 707

MGSQ
73.0
73.0
73.2
73.3
73.8

MGSW
69.6
69.7
69.9
70.0
70.0

YBTK
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.5
5.2

YBTN
27.0
27.0
26.8
26.7
26.1

2007
2008
2009

18 016
18 055
18 116

13 284
13 384
13 452

12 589
12 669
12 542

695
716
910

4 732
4 671
4 664

73.8
74.1
74.3

69.9
70.2
69.2

5.3
5.3
6.8

26.3
25.8
25.7

People

Men

Women

People

Men

Women

1 The Labour Force Survey (LFS) is a survey of the population of private


households, student halls of residence and NHS accommodation.
2 The headline employment rate is the number of working age people (aged
16 to 59 for women and 16 to 64 for men) in employment divided by the
working age population.

3 The headline unemployment rate is the number unemployed people (aged


16+) divided by the economically active population (aged 16+). The economically active population is dened as those in employment plus those who are
unemployed.
4 The headline inactivity rate is the number of working age inactive people (aged
16 to 59 for women and 16 to 64 for men) divided by the work population.
Sources: Labour Force Survey: Office for National Statistics;;
Helpline: 01633 456901

87

Labour Market

7.2

Employment status: full-time, part-time and temporary employees


United Kingdom
Seasonally adjusted

Thousands

All in employment

Total employment

Unpaid
family
workers

Government
suppor ted
training
and
employment
programmes

Employees

Self-employed

Full-time

Par t-time

Full-time

Par t-time

Full-time

Par t-time

Workers
with second
jobs

Total

Employees

Self
employed

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

MGRZ
27 921
28 186
28 485
28 774
29 030

MGRN
24 386
24 427
24 645
24 929
25 098

MGRQ
3 337
3 565
3 618
3 636
3 738

MGRT
95
95
97
96
97

MGRW
103
100
124
115
97

YCBE
20 809
20 915
21 131
21 484
21 642

YCBH
7 112
7 271
7 354
7 290
7 388

YCBK
18 173
18 116
18 265
18 596
18 712

YCBN
6 213
6 311
6 381
6 333
6 386

YCBQ
2 565
2 730
2 789
2 811
2 864

YCBT
772
834
830
825
874

YCBW
1 150
1 116
1 073
1 058
1 053

2007
2008
2009

29 222
29 443
28 979

25 204
25 407
24 937

3 806
3 826
3 850

102
101
87

110
110
106

21 801
21 938
21 362

7 422
7 505
7 618

18 844
18 969
18 422

6 360
6 438
6 515

2 891
2 911
2 887

915
915
963

1 097
1 122
1 138

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

MGSA
15 099
15 262
15 405
15 535
15 662

MGRO
12 559
12 566
12 634
12 768
12 857

MGRR
2 444
2 604
2 659
2 666
2 710

MGRU
33
34
39
35
38

MGRX
63
58
73
67
58

YCBF
13 606
13 691
13 776
13 887
13 975

YCBI
1 493
1 570
1 629
1 649
1 688

YCBL
11 430
11 388
11 413
11 517
11 579

YCBO
1 129
1 178
1 222
1 251
1 279

YCBR
2 131
2 259
2 313
2 322
2 355

YCBU
313
345
346
344
356

YCBX
480
461
456
455
452

2007
2008
2009

15 813
15 894
15 497

12 950
13 011
12 657

2 762
2 780
2 747

39
37
34

61
67
59

14 068
14 072
13 635

1 745
1 822
1 862

11 650
11 643
11 253

1 301
1 368
1 404

2 379
2 393
2 351

384
387
396

454
461
488

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

MGSB
12 823
12 925
13 080
13 239
13 367

MGRP
11 827
11 861
12 011
12 161
12 241

MGRS
893
961
960
970
1 027

MGRV
63
60
58
61
59

MGRY
40
42
51
48
39

YCBG
7 203
7 224
7 355
7 598
7 667

YCBJ
5 620
5 701
5 726
5 642
5 700

YCBM
6 743
6 729
6 852
7 079
7 133

YCBP
5 084
5 133
5 159
5 082
5 108

YCBS
434
471
476
489
510

YCBV
459
490
484
481
518

YCBY
670
656
617
603
602

2007
2008
2009

13 409
13 549
13 482

12 254
12 396
12 280

1 044
1 047
1 103

63
64
53

49
42
46

7 732
7 866
7 726

5 677
5 683
5 756

7 194
7 327
7 168

5 060
5 070
5 111

512
518
536

532
529
567

643
661
650

People

Men

Women

Part-time workers (reasons for working part-time)2

Temporary employees (reason for temporary working)

Total

Total as %
of all
employees

Could not
nd
permanent
job

% that
could not
nd
permanent
job

Did not
want a
permanent
job

Had a
contract
with
period of
training

Total3

Could not
nd
full-time
job

% that
could not
nd
full-time
job

Did not
want a
full time
job

Some other
reason

Ill or
disabled

Student or
at school

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

YCBZ
1 587
1 516
1 509
1 445
1 479

YCCC
6.5
6.2
6.1
5.8
5.9

YCCF
423
399
384
362
374

YCCI
26.7
26.3
25.5
25.0
25.3

YCCL
467
455
430
389
427

YCCO
82
87
99
100
103

YCCR
613
577
597
593
576

YCCU
6 985
7 145
7 211
7 157
7 260

YCCX
571
567
549
589
637

YCDA
8.2
8.0
7.6
8.2
8.8

YCDD
5 148
5 255
5 291
5 223
5 221

YCDG
138
156
177
167
181

YCDJ
1 100
1 134
1 163
1 147
1 181

2007
2008
2009

1 500
1 399
1 430

5.9
5.5
5.7

396
360
452

26.4
25.7
31.6

426
404
376

94
85
82

583
550
520

7 275
7 353
7 478

689
713
971

9.5
9.7
12.9

5 226
5 247
5 163

175
197
186

1 152
1 153
1 114

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

YCCA
721
697
709
681
677

YCCD
5.8
5.5
5.6
5.3
5.3

YCCG
233
225
222
204
196

YCCJ
32.3
32.2
31.3
30.0
29.0

YCCM
186
185
175
169
176

YCCP
43
38
47
53
53

YCCS
260
250
265
256
252

YCCV
1 442
1 523
1 567
1 595
1 634

YCCY
233
249
246
236
263

YCDB
16.2
16.4
15.7
14.8
16.1

YCDE
650
705
745
769
775

YCDH
60
69
69
74
75

YCDK
489
489
498
504
511

2007
2008
2009

699
641
677

5.4
4.9
5.3

211
184
243

30.1
28.7
36.0

186
165
152

45
44
43

258
249
240

1 684
1 755
1 800

283
306
432

16.9
17.5
24.0

820
854
795

75
76
78

495
503
478

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

YCCB
866
819
800
763
802

YCCE
7.3
6.9
6.7
6.3
6.6

YCCH
191
174
162
158
178

YCCK
22.0
21.2
20.3
20.7
22.1

YCCN
282
270
254
220
251

YCCQ
40
49
51
48
50

YCCT
354
327
333
338
324

YCCW
5 544
5 622
5 644
5 563
5 626

YCCZ
337
318
303
353
375

YCDC
6.1
5.6
5.3
6.4
6.7

YCDF
4 498
4 550
4 546
4 454
4 447

YCDI
78
87
108
93
107

YCDL
611
645
666
643
671

2007
2008
2009

801
758
753

6.5
6.1
6.1

186
176
209

23.2
23.2
27.8

241
240
224

49
41
40

325
301
280

5 591
5 598
5 678

405
407
540

7.3
7.3
9.5

4 406
4 393
4 368

100
121
108

657
650
637

People

Men

Women

1 The split between full-time and part-time employment is based on repondents self-classication

2 These series cover employees and self-employed only.


3 The total inculdes those who did not give a reason for working par t-time
Sources: Labour Force Survey, Office for National Statistics;
Helpline: 01633 456901

88

Labour Market

7.3

Employment: by sex and age


United Kingdom
Seasonally adjusted

Thousands and percentages

All aged 16 and


over

16-59/64

16-17

18-24

25-34

35-49

50-64 (m)
50-59 (w)

65+ (m)
60+ (w)

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGRZ
28 186
28 485
28 774
29 030
29 222

YBSE
27 240
27 486
27 705
27 863
27 996

YBTO
652
642
607
559
534

YBTR
3 415
3 528
3 539
3 618
3 657

YBTU
6 362
6 283
6 297
6 261
6 254

YBTX
10 591
10 742
10 885
10 975
11 039

MGUW
6 221
6 293
6 379
6 451
6 513

MGUZ
946
998
1 070
1 167
1 226

2008
2009

29 443
28 979

28 120
27 597

525
430

3 663
3 448

6 285
6 222

11 065
10 916

6 583
6 580

1 323
1 383

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSA
15 262
15 405
15 535
15 662
15 813

YBSF
14 932
15 068
15 175
15 272
15 407

YBTP
316
309
293
260
257

YBTS
1 802
1 868
1 879
1 912
1 943

YBTV
3 473
3 417
3 432
3 423
3 443

YBTY
5 659
5 743
5 781
5 845
5 879

MGUX
3 682
3 731
3 790
3 832
3 885

MGVA
330
337
361
390
407

2008
2009

15 894
15 497

15 452
15 055

260
196

1 935
1 788

3 444
3 404

5 871
5 744

3 943
3 922

443
443

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSB
12 925
13 080
13 239
13 367
13 409

YBSG
12 309
12 419
12 530
12 591
12 589

YBTQ
336
333
315
299
277

YBTT
1 612
1 660
1 660
1 706
1 714

YBTW
2 889
2 866
2 865
2 838
2 812

YBTZ
4 932
4 998
5 104
5 130
5 160

MGUY
2 539
2 562
2 589
2 619
2 627

MGVB
616
661
709
776
820

2008
2009

13 549
13 482

12 669
12 542

265
234

1 729
1 661

2 841
2 818

5 195
5 171

2 640
2 658

880
940

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSR
59.9
60.0
60.1
60.2
60.0

MGSU
74.6
74.7
74.7
74.6
74.6

YBUA
42.7
41.2
38.6
35.5
33.7

YBUD
66.5
66.9
65.6
65.5
64.8

YBUG
79.5
79.7
80.2
80.1
80.3

YBUJ
82.1
82.2
82.4
82.3
82.3

YBUM
69.6
70.0
70.4
70.8
71.3

YBUP
8.9
9.4
9.9
10.7
11.0

2008
2009

60.0
58.6

74.5
72.8

33.1
27.6

63.8
59.5

80.3
78.3

82.4
81.5

71.9
71.3

11.7
12.0

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSS
67.0
67.1
66.9
66.9
66.8

MGSV
79.2
79.3
79.0
78.8
78.8

YBUB
40.3
38.7
36.3
32.3
31.5

YBUE
69.8
70.1
68.8
68.3
67.6

YBUH
87.6
87.4
88.1
88.1
88.7

YBUK
88.7
89.0
88.5
88.7
88.8

YBUN
71.6
72.0
72.4
72.3
72.6

YBUQ
8.4
8.5
9.0
9.6
9.9

2008
2009

66.5
64.3

78.5
76.0

31.9
24.6

65.9
60.7

87.9
85.2

88.6
86.9

73.0
71.9

10.5
10.3

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGST
53.1
53.5
53.7
53.8
53.7

MGSW
69.7
69.9
70.0
70.0
69.9

YBUC
45.1
43.9
41.0
39.0
36.0

YBUF
63.1
63.7
62.3
62.8
62.0

YBUI
71.6
72.1
72.3
72.2
72.0

YBUL
75.6
75.6
76.4
76.1
75.9

YBUO
66.8
67.2
67.8
68.5
69.6

YBUR
9.3
9.9
10.5
11.3
11.8

2008
2009

53.8
53.1

70.2
69.2

34.3
30.8

61.5
58.2

72.8
71.4

76.3
76.2

70.2
70.4

12.4
13.0

In Employment
People

Men

Women

Employment rates(%)
People

Men

Women

1 See chapter text.


Denominator = all persons in the relevant age group

Sources: Labour Force Survey, Office for National Statistics;


Helpline: 01633 456901

89

Labour Market

7.4

Distribution of the workforce:1,2 by sex


At mid-June each year. Seasonally adjusted
Thousands
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

BCJD
DPAE
DPAF
DYDC
KAMS
KAMT
KAMU
KAMV
KAMW
DYZN
KAMZ
KANA
BCAJ
KANC
KAND

1 248.1
955.0
293.1
29 127
15 663
13 464
218
201
17
3 688
2 642
1 046
25 091
12 740
12 351

1 088.4
831.6
256.8
29 554
15 772
13 782
217
199
18
3 579
2 552
1 027
25 639
12 948
12 691

969.9
739.6
230.3
29 890
15 992
13 898
214
196
18
3 604
2 593
1 012
25 973
13 142
12 831

946.6
717.1
229.6
30 064
16 002
14 061
214
197
18
3 674
2 637
1 037
26 085
13 114
12 971

933.0
700.3
232.8
30 350
16 245
14 105
223
203
19
3 883
2 785
1 097
26 152
13 201
12 951

853.3
636.2
217.1
30 671
16 376
14 296
218
199
19
3 964
2 863
1 101
26 381
13 249
13 132

861.8
639.7
222.1
31 012
16 487
14 525
210
191
18
3 943
2 840
1 103
26 763
13 398
13 365

945.0
697.5
247.5
31 257
16 662
14 596
204
185
18
4 056
2 879
1 177
26 933
13 559
13 374

863.6
630.9
232.8
31 471
16 773
14 698
198
180
18
4 169
2 953
1 216
27 051
13 609
13 442

905.1
665.1
240.1
31 661
16 908
14 753
193
176
18
4 181
2 961
1 220
27 232
13 739
13 493

1 531.8
1 127.8
404.0
30 987
16 405
14 582
197
179
18
4 222
2 953
1 269
26 522
13 248
13 274

KANF

5 382

5 349

5 194

4 952

4 749

4 594

4 475

4 423

4 377

4 378

4 113

KANG
KANH
KANI
KANJ

4 059
131
81
50

3 959
119
73
46

3 805
99
62
38

3 599
90
55
36

3 410
92
55
37

3 246
108
65
44

3 102
96
58
38

2 975
65
38
27

2 911
53
31
21

2 867
54
32
22

2 645
46
25
21

DPAG
ZSDP
ZSDQ
KANQ
KANR
KANS
BCAH
KANU
KANV
KANW
KANX
KANY
KANZ
KAOA
KAOB

1 197.3
915.7
281.6
28 394
15 267
13 126
218
201
17
3 592
2 565
1 027
24 465
12 429
12 036

1 046.3
799.6
246.8
28 804
15 366
13 438
217
199
18
3 480
2 470
1 011
24 997
12 630
12 367

930.5
709.7
220.8
29 127
15 580
13 547
214
196
18
3 500
2 506
994
25 321
12 821
12 500

910.2
689.3
220.9
29 289
15 588
13 702
214
197
18
3 572
2 553
1 019
25 419
12 788
12 631

898.5
673.9
224.6
29 561
15 822
13 739
223
203
19
3 774
2 695
1 079
25 478
12 873
12 605

822.5
612.8
209.8
29 870
15 946
13 924
218
199
19
3 851
2 770
1 081
25 699
12 917
12 782

833.2
618.0
215.1
30 186
16 044
14 142
210
191
18
3 820
2 738
1 082
26 067
13 062
13 005

917.1
676.6
240.5
30 423
16 214
14 209
204
185
18
3 933
2 780
1 153
26 227
13 215
13 012

839.3
612.5
226.8
30 632
16 327
14 305
198
180
18
4 055
2 862
1 193
26 332
13 258
13 074

877.3
643.5
233.8
30 810
16 454
14 355
193
176
18
4 059
2 863
1 196
26 507
13 386
13 120

1 482.7
1 089.3
393.4
30 152
15 964
14 188
197
179
18
4 100
2 855
1 244
25 813
12 908
12 905

KAOC

5 239

5 205

5 052

4 813

4 616

4 464

4 344

4 290

4 239

4 242

3 991

KAOD
KAOE
KAOF
KAOG

3 954
120
73
47

3 856
110
67
43

3 704
92
57
35

3 501
84
50
34

3 318
86
51
35

3 157
102
60
42

3 015
90
53
36

2 888
58
33
25

2 823
46
27
19

2 778
51
29
21

2 564
42
22
20

United Kingdom
Claimant count
Males
Females
Workforce jobs
Males
Females
HM Forces
Males
Females
Self-employment jobs
Males
Females
Employees jobs
Males
Females
of whom
Total, production and
construction industries
Total, all manufacturing
industries
Government-supported trainees
Males
Females

Great Britain
Claimant count
Males
Females
Workforce jobs
Males
Females
HM Forces
Males
Females
Self-employment jobs
Males
Females
Employee jobs
Males
Females
of whom
Total, production and
construction industries
Total, all manufacturing
industries
Government-supported trainees
Males
Females

Note. Because the gures have been rounded independently totals may
differ from the sum of the components. Also the totals may include some
employees whose industrial classication could not be ascertained.
1 The data in this table have not been adjusted to reect the 2001 Census
population data. See chapter text.
2 There is a discontinuity in the employee jobs series between December
2005 and September 2006 due to improvements to the annual benchmark.
Fur ther information can be found at:
http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/product.asp?vlnk=9765

90

Sources: Business Statistics Division, Office for National Statistics;


Customer Helpline: 01633 456776

Labour Market

7.5

industry1,2,3

Employee jobs: by
Standard Industrial Classication 2003
At June each year. Not seasonally adjusted

Thousands
United Kingdom
2005

2006

2007

Great Britain

2008

2009

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

SIC
2003
__________
All sections
Index of production and construction
industries
Index of production industries
of which, manufacturing industries
Ser vice industries

KAOH

A-O

26 735 26 908 27 030 27 211 26 493 LMAB

26 041 26 204 26 312 26 486 25 788

KAOI
KAOJ
KAOK
KAOL

C-F
C-E
D
G-O

4 462 4 411 4 365 4 367 4 098


3 258 3 136 3 087 3 049 2 821
3 102 2 976 2 913 2 869 2 642
22 023 22 256 22 411 22 574 22 140

LMAH
LMAF
KAPQ
LMAJ

4 333 4 278 4 228 4 231 3 978


3 166 3 044 2 994 2 955 2 737
3 015 2 889 2 825 2 780 2 564
21 472 21 697 21 842 21 998 21 567

Agriculture, hunting and forestr y and shing


Agriculture hunting and forestr y
Agriculture hunting & related activities
Fishing

KAOM
KPHI
KPHJ
KPHK

A/B
A
01
B

249
244
234
5

241
234
225
7

254
247
238
7

269
262
251
7

Mining and quarrying


Mining and quarrying of energy
producing materials
Mining
Extraction of crude petroleum
Mining and quarrying except of
energy producing materials
Energy and water supply industries

KPHL

57

58

59

KPHM
KAPG
KPHN

CA
10/12
11

34
..
..

35
..
..

KPHO
KAOO

CB(13/14)
C/E

23
156

Manufacturing

KPHP

Manufacture of food products


Beverages and tobacco
Of food
Of beverages and tobacco

KPHQ
KPHR
KPHS

KAPS
KOVW
KOVX
KOVY

236
231
221
5

229
222
213
7

242
235
226
7

257
250
239
7

243
236
225
7

58

56 KOVZ

55

56

57

56

55

35
..
..

35
..
..

35 KOWA
.. KOWB
.. KOWC

34
7
27

35
6
29

35
7
30

35
..
..

34
..
..

22
160

23
174

24
180

22 KOWD
179 LMAM

21
151

20
155

21
169

22
175

20
174

3 102

2 976

2 913

2 869

2 642 LMAD

3 015

2 889

2 825

2 780

2 564

DA
151 to 158
159/16

428
..
..

418
..
..

415
..
..

413
..
..

403 LMAN
.. KOWH
.. KOWI

409
364
45

400
356
44

396
354
43

395
352
43

384
345
40

KPHT
KPHU

DB
17

123
84

107
74

98
68

94
65

85 KOWJ
58 KOWK

118
81

103
71

94
66

91
63

82
57

255
248
237
7

Manufacture of textiles and


textile products
Of textiles
Of made-up textile articles
except apparel
Of textiles excluding made-up textile
Of wearing apparel,dressing and
dyeing of fur

KPHV
KPHW

174
Rest of 17

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

.. KOWL
.. KOWM

27
54

25
46

24
42

23
40

21
36

KPHX

18

39

33

30

29

26 KOWN

38

31

28

28

26

Manufacture of leather and leather


products including footwear
Of leather and leather goods
Of footwear

KPHY
KPHZ
KPIA

DC
191/192
193

11
..
..

11
..
..

10
..
..

9
..
..

8 KOWO
.. KOWP
.. KOWQ

11
5
5

11
7
5

10
5
4

8
4
4

8
4
4

Manufacture of wood and wood products

KPIB

DD(20)

81

77

80

78

70 LMAP

77

73

75

73

67

Manufacture of pulp paper and paper


products, publishing and printing
Of pulp paper and paper products
Publishing printing and reproduction
of recorded media

KPIC
KPID

DE
21

400
77

381
71

367
67

353
65

326 LMAQ
61 KOWT

394
76

375
70

362
66

348
64

321
59

KPIE

22

322

310

300

288

266 KOWU

318

306

296

284

262

Manufacture of coke rened petroleum


products and nuclear fuel

KPIF

DF(23)

23

23

24

24

24 KOWV

23

22

24

24

24

Manufacture of chemicals, chemical


products and man-made bres

KPIG

DG(24)

199

193

186

181

171 LMAR

196

190

182

178

168

Manufacture of rubber and plastics

KPIH

DH(25)

203

196

186

182

162 LMAS

196

189

179

175

156

Manufacture of other non-metallic


mineral products

KPII

DI(26)

111

107

105

105

88 KOWZ

105

101

99

98

83

Manufacture of basic metals and


fabricated metal products
Of basic metals
except machinery

KPIJ
KPIK
KPIL

DJ
27
28

398
74
325

387
73
314

381
69
311

374
68
307

343 KOXA
61 KOXB
282 KOXC

391
73
317

380
72
307

373
69
304

366
67
299

336
61
275

91

Labour Market

7.5
continued

Employee jobs: by industry1,2,3


Standard Industrial Classication 2003
At June each year. Not seasonally adjusted

Thousands
United Kingdom

Great Britain

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

SIC
2003
_________
Manufacture of Machinery and
Equipment not elsewhere classied

KPIM

DK(29)

280

270

275

276

251 LMAU

273

263

268

269

245

KPIN
KPIO
KPIP

DL
30
31

333
30
122

315
26
117

306
22
115

296
21
110

272 LMAV
20 KOXF
98 KOXG

324
28
118

306
24
113

297
20
111

287
19
106

264
18
95

KPIQ

311 to 313

..

..

..

..

.. KOXH

63

61

60

58

54

KPIR

314 to 316

..

..

..

..

.. KOXI

56

52

51

48

41

KPIS
KPIT

32
321

66
..

61
..

58
..

55
..

48 KOXJ
.. KOXK

64
27

59
24

56
24

54
22

47
19

KPIU

322/323

..

..

..

..

.. KOXL

37

35

33

32

28

KPIV

33

116

111

112

110

106 KOXM

114

109

110

108

104

Manufacture of transpor t equipment


Of motor vehicles and trailers
Of other transpor t equipment

KPIW
KPIX
KPIY

DM
34
35

329
184
146

316
172
144

310
159
151

315
159
157

285 LMAW
132 KOXO
153 KOXP

320
180
139

306
168
138

301
156
145

306
155
150

276
129
147

Manufacturing not elsewhere classied

KPIZ

DN(36/37)

182

175

171

169

154 KOXQ

178

170

164

163

148

Electricity gas and water supply


Electricity gas steam and hot
water supply
Collection purication and
distribution of water

KPJA

99

102

115

122

122 KOXR

96

99

112

119

119

KPJB

40

..

..

..

..

.. KOXT

73

73

83

89

89

KPJC

41

..

..

..

..

.. KOXU

24

26

29

30

31

Construction

KPJD

F(45)

1 204

1 275

1 278

1 319

1 277 LMAY

1 166

1 234

1 234

1 275

1 241

Ser vices

KPJE

G-O

Wholesale and retail trade; Repair of


motor vehicles, motorcycles and
personal household goods

KPJF

G (50 - 52)

KPJG

50

KPJH

Manufacture of electrical and


optical equipment
Of ofce machinery and computers
Of electrical machinery and apparatus
Of electric motors etc control
apparatus and insulated cable
Of accumulators, primar y cells,
batteries, lamps and electrical
equipment
Radio television and communication
equipment
Of electronic components
Of radio TV and telephone apparatus,
sound and video recorders
Of medical precision and optical
equipment, watches

Sale maintenance and repair of motor


vehicles, retail of automotive fuel
Sale of motor vehicles, motorcycles
and parts, motorcycle repair and
sale of automotive fuel
Maintenance and repair of motor
vehicles
Wholesale trade and commission trade
except motor vehicles
Wholesale on a fee of contract basis
Wholesale agricultural raw materials
and live animals
Wholesale food beverages & tobacco
Wholesale household goods
Wholesale of non-agricultural
intermediate products waste & scrap
Wholesale machinery eqpt. & supplies
Other wholesale
Retail trade except of motor vehicles
and motorcycles;repair of personal and
household goods
Non-specialised stores selling
mainly food beverages & tobacco
Other non-specialised stores second
hand shops & sales not in stores

92

22 023 22 256 22 411 22 574 22 140 KOXX

21 472 21 697 21 842 21 998 21 567

4 597

4 554

4 553

4 583

4 435 LMAZ

4 478

4 432

4 429

4 455

4 308

565

566

564

561

524 KOXZ

550

549

547

543

508

501/503 - 505

..

..

..

..

.. KOYA

380

374

373

369

340

KPJI

502

..

..

..

..

.. KOYB

169

175

174

174

168

KPJJ
KPJK

51
511

1 131
..

1 126
..

1 139
..

1 151
..

1 102 KOYC
.. KOYD

1 108
61

1 102
66

1 115
70

1 129
76

1 079
76

KPJL

512

..

..

..

..

.. KPLD

22

19

19

19

18

KPJM
KPJN

513
514

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

.. KPLE
.. KPLF

190
274

195
272

195
274

196
273

194
264

KPJO
KPJP
KPJQ

515
516
517

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

.. KPLG
.. KPLH
.. KPLI

232
238
91

230
232
89

238
232
86

241
236
87

219
224
84

KPJR

52

2 901

2 862

2 851

2 871

2 808 KPLJ

2 820

2 781

2 767

2 783

2 721

KPJS

5211/5221-4,5227

..

..

..

..

.. KPLK

1 140

1 119

1 109

1 125

1 117

KPJT

5212/525-526

..

..

..

..

.. KPLL

353

337

329

336

331

Labour Market

7.5
continued

industry1,2,3

Employee jobs: by
Standard Industrial Classication 2003
At June each year. Not seasonally adjusted

Thousands
United Kingdom

Great Britain

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

SIC
2003
__________
Alcoholic & other beverages, tobacco
Pharmaceutical & medical goods
cosmetics & toilet articles
Clothing footwear & leather goods
Textile furniture lighting equipment
electrical household appliances radio
and TV paints glass hardware and
household goods not elsewhere classied
Books newspapers and stationery, other
retail in specialised stores

KPJU

5225 to 5226

..

..

..

..

..

KPLM

49

46

41

39

35

KPJV
KPJW

523
5242/5243

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

KPLN
KPLO

103
415

105
416

107
428

111
424

110
409

KPJX

5241/5244-46

..

..

..

..

..

KPLP

299

291

293

282

263

KPJY

5247/5248

..

..

..

..

..

KPLQ

435

444

438

446

432

Repair of personal and household goods

KPJZ

527

..

..

..

..

..

KPLR

26

22

22

20

22

Hotels and restaurants


Hotels camp sites short-stay accom.
Restaurants
Bars
Canteens and catering

KPKA
KPKB
KPKC
KPKD
KPKE

H
551/552
553
554
555

1 855
..
..
..
..

1 840
..
..
..
..

1 826
..
..
..
..

1 835
..
..
..
..

1 787
..
..
..
..

LMBA
KPLT
KPLU
KPLV
KPLW

1 813
387
614
552
261

1 797
383
634
542
238

1 783
388
628
536
231

1 793
392
635
517
249

1 746
377
623
503
243

Transpor t, storage and communication

KPKF

1 594

1 588

1 582

1 596

1 530

KPLX

1 565

1 559

1 551

1 565

1 500

Land transpor t, transpor t via pipelines


Transpor t via railways
Other land transpor t and via pipelines
Water transpor t
Air transpor t

KPKG
KPKH
KPKI
KPKJ
KPKK

60
601
602/603
61
62

534
..
..
19
88

547
..
..
18
90

549
..
..
17
90

558
..
..
17
85

541
..
..
17
79

KPLY
KPLZ
KPMA
KPMB
KPMC

521
53
468
18
88

533
52
481
17
89

535
54
482
16
89

544
54
490
16
85

528
55
473
16
78

Suppor ting and auxiliary transpor t


activities, activities of travel agents
Travel agencies and tour operators
Post and telecommunications
National post and courier activities
Telecommunications

KPKL
KPKM
KPKN
KPKO
KPKR

63
633
64
641
6420

453
..
500
..
..

443
..
491
..
..

452
..
474
..
..

462
..
473
..
..

450
..
442
..
..

KPMD
KPME
LMBC
KPMG
KPMJ

447
120
491
275
216

438
107
482
266
216

446
104
465
255
209

456
106
464
260
204

444
105
433
242
191

KPKS

1 062

1 059

1 064

1 049

1 002

LMBD

1 044

1 040

1 045

1 030

983

KPKT

65

609

603

595

580

544

KPML

596

590

582

567

532

KPKU

66

183

181

183

180

178

KPMM

181

179

180

178

176

KPKV
KPKW
KPKX

67
671
672

271
..
..

274
..
..

287
..
..

289
..
..

280
..
..

KPMN
KPMO
KPMP

267
136
131

271
138
133

283
149
134

285
150
135

276
143
132

KPKY
KPKZ

K
70

4 336
449

4 533
451

4 698
450

4 766
453

4 504
437

KPMQ
LMBE

4 268
441

4 462
443

4 625
442

4 689
445

4 429
429

KPLA
KPLB

701/702
703

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

KPMS
KPMT

252
189

249
194

241
200

249
196

252
177

Financial intermediation
Financial intermediation except
insurance and pension funding
Insurance and pension funding except
compulsory social security
Activities auxiliary to nancial
intermediation
Except insurance and pension funding
Auxiliary to insurance and pension funding
Real estate renting & business
activities
Real estate activities
Activities with own property, letting
of own property
Activities on a fee or contract basis

93

Labour Market

7.5
continued

Employee jobs: by industry1,2,3


Standard Industrial Classication 2003
At June each year. Not seasonally adjusted

Thousand
United Kingdom

Great Britain

2005

2006

2007

2008

157

160

157

156

2009

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

155

158

155

154

141

SIC
2003
__________
Renting of machinery and equipment without
operator & of personal & household goods
Construction and civil engineering
machinery
All other goods and equipment
Computer and related equipment
Research and development
Other business activities
Legal, accounting, book-keeping & auditing activities
Legal activities
Accounting, book-keeping auditing,
tax consultancy
Market research business and
consultancy activities
Management activities of holding companies4
Architectural engineering activities
and related technical consultancy,
technical testing
Adver tising
Industrial cleaning

KPLC

71

KOUU
KOUV
KOUW
KOUX
KOUY
KOUZ
KOVA

7132
Rest of 71
72
73
74
741
7411

KOVB

7412

..

..

..

..

.. KPNC

203

218

226

238

230

KOVC
KOVD

7413/7414
7415

..
..

..
..

..
..

..
..

.. KPND
.. KPNE

316
110

355
109

377
108

389
108

373
106

KOVE
KOVF
KOVG

742/743
744
747

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

..
..
..

.. KPNF
.. KPNG
.. KPNH

347
84
436

374
81
449

400
87
449

410
83
455

386
76
440

Public administration and defence,


compulsory social security

KOVH

L(75)

1 516 1 514 1 509 1 474 1 465 LMBG

1 456 1 454 1 450 1 415 1 407

Education

KOVI

M(80)

2 348 2 384 2 401 2 420 2 460 LMBH

2 274 2 311 2 328 2 348 2 386

Health and social work


Human health, veterinary activities
Social work activities

KOVJ
KOVK
KOVL

N
851/852
853

3 298 3 345 3 364 3 421 3 527 LOJV


..
..
..
..
.. KPNL
..
..
..
..
.. KPNM

3 188 3 233 3 249 3 305 3 409


2 103 2 100 2 095 2 123 2 202
1 084 1 133 1 153 1 182 1 207

KOVM
KOVN
KOVO
KOVP

O
90
91
92

1 417 1 440 1 414 1 431 1 430 LMBK


104
108
110
109
111 KPNO
215
225
215
208
220 KPNP
779
783
771
789
778 KPNQ

1 385 1 408 1 382 1 398 1 398


101
105
106
106
108
206
217
207
200
212
764
767
755
773
762

KOVQ

921 to 924

KOVT

93/95/99

KOVU
KOVV

Other community social and personal


service activities, private households
with employed persons, extra-territorial
organisations and bodies
Sewage and refuse disposal; sanitation
Activities of membership organisations
Recreational cultural and sporting activities
Motion picture video radio TV news
agencies and entertainment activities
Other service activities, private
households with employed persons,
extra territorial organisations
Washing, dry cleaning of textile
and fur products
Hairdressing, other beauty treatment,
physical and well-being activities

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
493
525
542
548
542
104
108
109
108
108
3 133 3 289 3 440 3 501 3 275
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

KPMV
KPMW
KPMX
KPMY
KPMZ
KPNA
KPNB

42
45
45
46
39
113
113
110
108
102
486
518
535
540
534
103
106
108
106
106
3 083 3 238 3 386 3 444 3 220
889
962 1 005 1 027
972
260
280
294
292
264

..

..

..

..

.. KPNR

222

222

218

232

223

318

325

319

325

321 KPNU

313

320

314

320

316

9301

..

..

..

..

.. KPNV

40

43

40

38

36

9302/9304

..

..

..

..

.. KPNW

114

122

122

122

129

Note. Because the gures have been rounded independently totals may
differ from the sum of the components. Also the totals may include some
employees whose industrial classication could not be ascertained.
1 See chapter text. The data in this table have not been adjusted to reect
the 2001 Census population data.
2 All gures have been revised. For further information see: http://www.
statistics.gov.uk/cci/ar ticle.asp?id=1340
3 There is a discontinuity in the employee jobs series between December
2005 and September 2006 due to improvements to the annual benchmark.
Fur ther information can be found at: http://www.statistics.gov.uk/Statbase/Product.asp?vlnk=9765

94

143 KPMU

Sources: Department of Manpower Services (Nor thern Ireland);;


Business Statistics Division, ONS: 01633 456776

Labour Market

7.6

Weekly hours worked: by


United Kingdom

sex1,2

At Quarter 2 each year3. Seasonally adjusted

Hours
Average(mean) actual weekly hours worked

Total weekly hours


(millions)1,2

All workers

Full-time workers3

Part-time workers3

Second jobs

People
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

YBUS
892.7
894.8
903.5
901.0
904.6

YBUV
32.9
32.6
32.7
32.3
32.2

YBUY
38.2
37.9
37.9
37.5
37.4

YBVB
15.3
15.5
15.6
15.6
15.6

YBVE
9.1
9.1
9.4
9.4
9.3

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

912.1
923.7
928.5
936.1
940.7

32.1
32.2
32.0
32.1
32.0

37.3
37.3
37.1
37.2
37.1

15.6
15.7
15.6
15.6
15.6

9.3
9.5
9.4
9.5
9.7

2009

913.3

31.6

36.8

15.5

9.5

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

YBUT
564.0
564.2
567.0
561.9
564.3

YBUW
38.3
37.9
37.8
37.3
37.0

YBUZ
40.2
39.8
39.7
39.3
39.2

YBVC
15.1
15.3
15.3
15.1
15.3

YBVF
9.8
9.9
10.3
10.3
10.1

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

569.0
572.2
573.6
580.2
580.8

37.0
36.9
36.7
36.8
36.6

39.2
39.1
38.9
39.0
39.0

15.6
15.6
15.5
15.5
15.4

10.3
10.3
10.1
10.6
10.8

2009

559.0

36.1

38.5

15.5

10.4

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

YBUU
328.6
330.6
336.5
339.1
340.3

YBUX
26.5
26.3
26.5
26.5
26.4

YBVA
34.5
34.2
34.3
34.1
34.0

YBVD
15.4
15.5
15.7
15.7
15.7

YBVG
8.6
8.5
8.8
8.8
8.8

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

343.1
351.5
354.9
355.9
359.9

26.3
26.6
26.6
26.6
26.6

33.9
34.0
34.0
33.9
33.8

15.6
15.8
15.7
15.6
15.6

8.5
8.9
8.9
8.8
8.9

2009

354.2

26.3

33.7

15.4

8.8

Men

Women

See chapter text.


1 Main and second job
2 Total actual weekly hours worked including paid and unpaid overtime.
3 Main job only. The split between full-time and part-time employment is
based on respondents self-classication.

Sources: Labour Force Survey, Office for National Statistics;


Helpline: 01633 456901

95

Labour Market

7.7

International comparisons
Employment and unemployment rates1,2
2006
Q4

2007
Q1

2007
Q2

2007
Q3

2007
Q4

2008
Q1

2008
Q2

2008
Q3

2008
Q4

2009
Q1

2009
Q2

2009
Q3

EUROSTAT Employment rates


Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
Total EU3
Eurozone3

YXSN
YXSO
A495
A4AC
A4AD
YXSP
A4AE
YXSQ
YXSR
YXSS
YXST
A4AF
YXSU
YXSV
A4AG
A4AH
YXSW
A4AI
YXSX
A4AJ
YXSY
A494
A4AK
A4AL
YXSZ
YXTA
ANZ6
A496
YXTC

70.6
62.1
59.8
70.4
65.6
77.9
68.1
69.0
63.7
68.3
61.0
57.6
68.7
58.5
67.4
63.5
63.6
53.4
75.0
55.7
67.6
57.4
60.2
66.0
65.2
73.2
71.6
64.8
65.0

70.3
61.7
59.7
69.8
65.5
76.7
68.6
68.3
63.6
68.4
60.8
56.9
68.5
57.9
66.4
63.9
63.9
53.9
75.0
55.4
67.4
57.2
60.1
66.0
65.1
72.7
71.1
64.5
64.8

71.5
61.6
61.6
71.2
66.0
77.3
69.7
71.3
64.4
69.1
61.5
57.6
68.9
58.9
67.6
65.4
63.6
55.2
76.0
56.8
67.6
59.6
60.4
68.3
65.8
74.3
71.2
65.4
65.6

72.5
62.1
62.7
71.3
66.3
77.1
70.2
71.7
64.9
69.9
61.8
57.7
69.9
59.1
69.0
66.1
64.7
54.9
76.5
57.8
68.1
60.5
60.7
69.0
66.0
75.7
71.6
66.0
66.1

71.3
62.7
62.9
71.5
66.5
77.4
69.1
69.9
64.5
70.0
61.5
57.1
69.0
58.7
70.3
64.4
64.4
54.5
76.4
58.1
68.1
57.9
61.6
67.7
65.5
74.0
71.9
65.7
65.9

71.0
62.6
62.6
70.2
66.1
77.0
69.5
69.5
64.6
70.0
61.3
56.1
68.5
58.3
69.6
63.9
62.8
54.7
76.4
58.0
68.1
57.7
61.3
67.1
65.1
73.4
71.6
65.5
65.7

72.3
62.0
63.9
71.1
66.6
78.4
69.8
72.3
65.1
70.3
62.2
56.5
68.1
59.2
69.5
64.6
64.4
55.2
77.2
58.9
68.6
59.7
61.7
68.3
65.0
74.8
71.6
66.0
66.1

72.8
62.6
65.0
71.0
66.7
78.6
70.4
72.1
65.4
71.3
62.2
57.3
68.0
59.0
69.0
65.0
63.9
56.1
77.5
60.0
68.1
60.5
63.1
70.1
64.5
75.7
71.5
66.4
66.4

72.2
62.4
64.3
71.1
66.8
78.3
69.6
70.3
64.7
71.3
61.7
56.7
65.6
58.5
66.5
63.8
62.6
55.0
77.6
60.0
67.9
58.3
62.9
68.8
62.8
73.4
71.3
65.8
65.8

70.8
61.7
62.6
69.5
65.6
76.2
65.3
68.5
64.1
70.4
61.0
55.1
62.8
57.4
64.3
61.0
64.5
54.9
77.4
58.9
67.0
57.4
61.0
66.7
60.4
71.9
70.4
64.6
64.7

71.7
61.5
63.3
70.2
65.4
76.2
63.8
69.8
64.6
70.8
61.6
55.6
62.2
57.9
61.4
60.3
65.7
54.9
77.0
59.3
66.7
59.2
60.4
67.6
59.9
72.7
69.6
64.8
64.9

72.3
61.4
63.1
70.0
65.2
76.3
63.4
69.3
64.6
71.0
61.7
55.5
61.8
57.5
59.8
60.4
65.8
55.1
77.0
59.9
65.8
60.4
60.1
68.3
59.7
72.9
69.8
64.8
64.8

National Statistical Offices Employment Rates


Canada
Japan
United Kingdom
United States

IUUK
YXTF
MGSU
YXTE

73.0
70.1
74.5
72.2

72.1
69.7
74.3
72.1

74.0
71.3
74.5
71.8

74.6
70.8
74.6
71.6

73.7
70.9
74.8
71.5

72.6
70.0
74.8
71.6

74.3
71.3
74.8
71.3

74.5
70.8
74.4
70.7

73.3
70.9
74.0
69.8

70.7
69.8
73.5
68.7

72.0
70.2
72.7
68.1

72.2
70.1
72.5
67.4

2008 2008 2008 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009
Oct Nov Dec
Jan Feb Mar
Apr May
Jun
Jul Aug Sep
Oct Nov
EUROSTAT Unemployment rates
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
Total EU3
Eurozone3

ZXDS
ZXDI
A492
A4AN
A4AO
ZXDJ
A4AP
ZXDU
ZXDN
ZXDK
ZXDL
A4AQ
ZXDO
ZXDP
A4AR
A4AS
ZXDQ
A4AT
ZXDR
A4AU
ZXDT
A48Z
A4AV
A4AW
ZXDM
ZXDV
ZXDW
A493
ZXDH

3.9
7.0
5.1
3.6
4.3
3.5
7.6
6.6
8.1
7.1
7.9
7.8
7.2
6.9
9.1
8.2
5.1
6.0
2.7
6.8
7.8
5.9
8.8
4.2
13.1
6.4
6.2
7.3
7.8

4.0
6.9
5.1
3.7
4.5
3.7
7.6
6.7
8.3
7.1
7.9
8.1
7.8
7.1
10.2
8.2
5.2
6.2
2.7
6.9
7.9
5.9
9.0
4.2
14.0
7.0
6.3
7.5
8.0

4.2
7.1
5.4
4.0
4.7
4.0
7.6
6.9
8.5
7.1
7.9
8.5
8.3
7.0
11.3
8.2
5.3
6.0
2.7
7.0
8.1
5.9
9.3
4.2
14.8
6.8
6.5
7.6
8.2

4.2
7.5
5.6
4.1
5.2
4.4
11.1
7.1
8.7
7.2
8.8
8.8
9.4
7.2
12.3
10.8
5.4
6.4
2.8
7.4
8.5
6.2
9.7
4.6
15.8
6.9
6.8
8.0
8.5

4.4
7.7
6.0
4.3
5.6
4.7
11.1
7.4
8.9
7.3
8.8
9.3
10.3
7.3
13.2
10.8
5.4
6.5
2.9
7.7
8.8
6.2
10.2
4.9
16.7
7.7
7.1
8.3
8.8

4.6
7.8
6.2
4.6
5.9
5.3
11.1
7.7
9.0
7.4
8.8
9.6
11.1
7.6
14.3
10.8
5.6
6.7
3.1
7.9
9.1
6.2
10.6
5.3
17.4
7.8
7.3
8.5
9.1

4.6
7.7
6.3
5.0
6.2
5.8
13.5
8.0
9.2
7.6
9.2
9.6
11.6
7.5
15.5
13.5
5.6
6.9
3.2
8.0
9.3
6.4
10.8
5.6
17.7
8.0
7.5
8.7
9.2

4.8
7.7
6.3
5.2
6.4
6.0
13.5
8.2
9.3
7.6
9.2
9.7
12.1
7.4
16.6
13.5
5.7
7.1
3.3
8.0
9.5
6.4
11.1
5.9
18.0
8.6
7.7
8.8
9.3

5.0
7.8
6.5
5.3
6.7
6.2
13.5
8.4
9.4
7.6
9.2
9.8
12.0
7.6
17.2
13.5
5.8
7.2
3.4
8.1
9.6
6.4
11.6
6.2
18.1
8.3
7.8
8.9
9.4

5.1
7.9
6.7
5.4
7.0
6.1
15.2
8.5
9.5
7.6
9.7
10.2
12.0
7.7
18.0
14.6
5.8
7.3
3.5
8.3
9.8
7.2
12.1
6.4
18.4
8.4
7.8
9.1
9.5

5.2
8.0
6.9
5.6
7.3
6.1
15.2
8.6
9.6
7.6
9.7
10.5
12.1
7.7
18.8
14.6
5.8
7.1
3.7
8.4
9.9
7.2
12.6
6.4
18.7
8.7
7.8
9.2
9.6

5.5
8.0
7.2
5.9
7.5
6.5
15.2
8.6
9.7
7.6
9.7
10.7
12.5
8.0
19.9
14.6
5.8
7.1
3.8
8.5
10.1
7.2
13.0
6.5
19.0
8.7
7.8
9.3
9.8

5.6
8.0
7.4
6.0
7.7
6.9
15.5
8.7
9.9
7.5
..
10.8
12.6
8.2
21.1
..
5.9
6.9
3.9
8.6
10.2
..
13.3
6.8
19.0
8.8
7.8
9.4
9.8

5.5
8.0
7.7
6.2
7.8
7.1
15.5
8.8
10.0
7.5
..
10.8
13.0
8.3
22.0
..
5.9
7.0
4.0
8.7
10.3
..
13.5
6.8
18.9
8.7
7.8
9.4
9.9

National Statistical Offices Unemployment Rates


Canada
Japan
United Kingdom
United States

ZXDZ
ZXDY
MGSX
ZXDX

6.2
3.8
6.2
6.6

6.5
4.0
6.4
6.9

6.8
4.3
6.6
7.4

7.3
4.2
6.8
7.7

8.0
4.4
7.1
8.2

8.1
4.8
7.3
8.6

8.1
5.0
7.6
8.9

8.5
5.2
7.8
9.4

8.6
5.4
7.9
9.5

8.6
5.7
7.9
9.4

8.7
5.5
7.8
9.7

8.3
5.3
7.9
9.8

8.4
5.1
7.8
10.1

8.4
5.2
7.8
10.0

1 See chapter text.


2 The UK employment rate as published by the Ofce for National Statistics is
seasonally adjusted. All other employment and unemployment rates are not
seasonally adjusted.

96

3 The "Total EU" series consists of all 27 EU countries. The Eurozone series
consists of the following EU countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain.
Sources: Office for National Statistics; Eurostat; StatsBLS; StatCan;
Stat.go.JP;
Labour Market Statistics Helpline: 01633 456901

Labour Market

7.8

Civil Service employment by department1


Great Britain
Full-time equivalents, not seasonally adjusted

Attorney Generals Depar tments


Cabinet Ofce
Other Cabinet Ofce Agencies
HM Treasury
Chancellors other departments
Charity Commission
Communities and Local Government
Ministry of Justice
Culture, Media and Sport
Defence
Education and Skills (former)
Children, Schools and Families
Innovation, Universities and Skills
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Expor t Credits Guarantee Department
Foreign and Commonwealth
Health
Food Standards Agency
Meat Hygiene Service
HM Revenue and Customs
Home Ofce
International Development
Nor thern Ireland Ofce
Ofce for Standards in Education
Security and Intelligence Services
Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform
Transpor t
Work and Pensions
Central Governments Departments Total
Scottish Government
Welsh Assembly
TOTAL

GB3F
BBGD
GB3G
GB3H
GB3I
GB3J
YEGA
GB3K
DMTC
BCDW
LNFW
I44Z
I452
LNFX
GB3L
BCDK
BAKR
H6NX
H6NY
GB3M
BCDL
DMUA
BBGG
GB3N
GB3O
BCDQ
BCDR
LNGA

2008
Q3
9 700
1 180
1 050
1 180
1 630
460
5 190
83 610
560
76 790

3 090
1 830
10 770
200
5 870
3 550
760
1 100
84 930
24 830
1 590
120
2 510
5 270
8 750
18 780
106 980

2008
Q4
9 610
1 210
1 180
1 160
1 680
450
5 170
84 230
560
75 910

3 180
1 860
10 840
210
5 920
3 610
760
1 050
85 580
24 820
1 600
120
2 490
5 350
8 840
18 630
107 110

2009
Q1
9 620
1 230
1 230
1 240
1 740
450
..
84 020
570
75 630
..
..
..
..
210
5 990
3 670
750
1 000
84 970
24 520
1 600
120
2 250
5 430
8 910
18 610
..

2009
Q2
9 570
1 260
1 250
1 310
1 730
460
..
82 480
570
75 470
..
..
..
..
210
6 030
3 620
730
980
83 670
24 640
1 630
110
2 220
5 550
10 900
18 660
..

2009
Q3
9 510
1 270
1 270
1 370
1 770
460
..
81 710
570
75 670
..
..
..
..
210
6 090
3 710
720
960
82 520
24 780
1 630
110
2 150
5 600
10 980
18 790
..

GB3P

465 420

466 340

467 340

469 640

475 420

GB3Q
GB3R

16 220
5 880

16 210
5 890

16 400
5 940

16 680
5 940

16 780
6 030

BCDX

487 520

488 440

489 680

492 260

498 230

1 Numbers are rounded to the nearest ten.

7.9

Source: Office for National Statistics

Unemployment: number by sex and age group1


United Kingdom
Seasonally adjusted

Thousands

All aged 16 and


over

35-49

50-64 (m)
50-59 (w)

16-59/64

16-17

18-24

25-34

65+ (m)
60+ (w)

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSC
1 489
1 424
1 465
1 669
1 653

YBSH
1 472
1 407
1 445
1 643
1 629

YBVH
172
175
179
183
197

YBVN
403
409
438
504
507

YCGM
318
299
285
341
305

YCGS
343
353
338
419
393

MGVL
213
195
190
208
223

MGVO
18
17
17
27
28

2008
2009

1 776
2 395

1 751
2 359

184
200

558
715

327
512

405
596

216
336

23
36

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSD
900
836
862
966
944

YBSI
891
827
852
955
935

YBVI
100
99
100
107
110

YBVO
243
240
270
303
306

YCGN
182
185
160
190
161

YCGT
211
185
183
229
205

MGVM
145
137
125
134
149

MGVP
..
..
..
11
13

2008
2009

1 047
1 465

1 035
1 449

101
110

352
444

182
313

218
336

147
246

11
16

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSE
590
589
603
704
709

YBSJ
582
580
592
688
695

YBVJ
73
76
79
76
88

YBVP
159
169
168
201
201

YCGO
137
114
125
151
143

YCGU
132
168
154
191
188

MGVN
67
57
65
73
74

MGVQ
..
..
..
16
15

2008
2009

729
930

716
910

84
90

207
271

145
198

187
260

69
90

12
20

All
Persons

Men

Women

See chapter text.

Source: Labour Force Survey, Office for National Statistics; Helpline: 01633
456901

97

Labour Market

7.10

Unemployment: percentage by sex and age group1


United Kingdom
Seasonally adjusted

Percentages

All aged 16 and


over

16-59/64

16-17

18-24

25-34

35-49

50-64 (m)
50-59 (w)

65+ (m)
60+ (w)

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

MGSX
5.2
5.1
4.8
4.9
5.4

YBTI
5.3
5.2
4.9
5.0
5.6

YBVK
20.0
20.9
21.5
22.9
24.6

YBVQ
10.5
10.6
10.4
11.0
12.2

YCGP
5.0
4.8
4.6
4.3
5.2

YCGV
3.6
3.1
3.2
3.0
3.7

MGXE
3.5
3.3
3.0
2.9
3.1

MGXH
2.4
1.9
1.7
1.6
2.3

2007
2008
2009

5.3
5.7
7.6

5.5
5.9
7.9

27.0
26.0
31.9

12.2
13.2
17.2

4.6
4.9
7.6

3.4
3.5
5.2

3.3
2.9
4.5

2.3
1.7
2.5

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

MGSY
5.7
5.6
5.1
5.3
5.8

YBTJ
5.8
5.6
5.2
5.3
5.9

YBVL
23.0
24.0
24.3
25.6
29.0

YBVR
12.1
11.9
11.4
12.5
13.7

YCGQ
5.1
4.9
5.2
4.5
5.3

YCGW
3.9
3.6
3.1
3.1
3.8

MGXF
4.0
3.8
3.6
3.2
3.4

MGXI
3.2
..
..
..
2.7

2007
2008
2009

5.6
6.2
8.6

5.7
6.3
8.8

30.0
27.9
36.2

13.6
15.4
19.9

4.5
5.0
8.4

3.4
3.6
5.5

3.7
3.5
5.7

3.2
2.3
3.5

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

MGSZ
4.5
4.4
4.3
4.4
5.0

YBTK
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.5
5.2

YBVM
17.0
17.8
18.6
20.1
20.4

YBVS
8.6
9.0
9.2
9.2
10.6

YCGR
4.8
4.5
3.8
4.2
5.0

YCGX
3.2
2.6
3.3
2.9
3.6

MGXG
2.8
2.6
2.2
2.4
2.7

MGXJ
2.1
..
..
..
2.0

2007
2008
2009

5.1
5.1
6.4

5.3
5.3
6.8

24.0
24.1
27.9

10.5
10.7
14.0

4.9
4.9
6.6

3.5
3.5
4.8

2.7
2.3
3.0

1.8
1.4
2.0

People

Men

Women

See chapter text.


1 Denominator=economically active for that age group.

7.11

Sources: Labour Force Survey, Office for National Statistics;


Helpline: 01633 456901

Duration of unemployment: by sex


United Kingdom
Seasonally adjusted

Thousands

All aged 16 and over

All aged 16-59/64

All

Up to 6
months

Over 6 and
up to 12
months

All over 12
months

%over 12
months

All over 24
months

All

Up to 6
months

Over 6 and
up to 12
months

All over 12
months

%over 12
months

All over 24
months

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSC
1 489
1 424
1 465
1 669
1 653

YBWF
956
915
926
1 010
997

YBWG
216
222
231
288
266

YBWH
318
288
308
371
390

YBWI
21.4
20.2
21.0
22.2
23.6

YBWL
157
133
144
175
174

YBSH
1 472
1 407
1 445
1 643
1 629

YBWO
947
905
916
997
985

YBWR
214
220
228
284
262

YBWU
312
282
301
363
382

YBWX
21.2
20.1
20.8
22.0
23.5

YBXA
153
129
140
169
170

2008
2009

1 776
2 395

1 065
1 325

286
483

426
587

24.0
24.5

200
238

1 751
2 359

1 052
1 308

281
476

417
575

23.9
24.3

195
231

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSD
900
836
862
966
944

MGYK
534
496
503
537
521

MGYM
139
141
142
171
157

MGYO
226
199
216
257
266

YBWJ
25.1
23.8
25.1
26.6
28.2

YBWM
119
98
106
126
124

YBSI
891
827
852
955
935

YBWP
530
492
499
533
517

YBWS
139
140
141
169
155

YBWV
222
195
212
253
263

YBWY
25.0
23.6
24.9
26.5
28.1

YBXB
116
96
103
123
122

2008
2009

1 047
1 465

585
767

167
310

295
388

28.2
26.5

146
165

1 035
1 449

580
761

165
306

290
382

28.1
26.3

144
162

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSE
590
589
603
704
709

MGYL
421
419
423
472
476

MGYN
77
81
89
117
109

MGYP
92
89
91
114
124

YBWK
15.6
15.1
15.2
16.2
17.5

YBWN
38
34
38
49
50

YBSJ
582
580
592
688
695

YBWQ
417
413
417
463
468

YBWT
75
80
87
115
107

YBWW
90
87
89
110
120

YBWZ
15.4
15.0
15.0
15.9
17.3

YBXC
37
33
36
46
48

2008
2009

729
930

480
558

118
173

131
199

18.0
21.3

54
73

716
910

472
548

116
170

128
192

17.9
21.1

52
68

Persons

Men

Women

98

Labour Market

7.11
continued

Duration of unemployment: by sex


United Kingdom
Seasonally adjusted
Ages 16-17

Ages 18-24

All

Up to 6
months

Over 6 and
up to 12
months

All over 12
months

%over 12
months

All over 24
months

All

Up to 6
months

Over 6 and
up to 12
months

All over 12
months

%over 12
months

All over 24
months

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

YBVH
172
175
179
183
197

YBXD
137
138
141
137
149

YBXG
23
27
26
31
32

YBXJ
13
..
12
15
17

YBXM
7.2
..
6.7
8.1
8.4

YBXP
..
..
..
..
..

YBVN
403
409
438
504
507

YBXS
299
292
306
342
339

YBXV
51
62
67
84
76

YBXY
53
55
65
78
93

YBYB
13.1
13.4
14.8
15.4
18.3

YBYE
23
19
27
32
33

2008
2009

184
200

140
138

32
38

13
24

6.8
12.3

..
..

558
715

370
425

83
142

105
148

18.9
20.6

40
51

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

YBVI
100
99
100
107
110

YBXE
79
76
76
77
80

YBXH
14
17
16
20
19

YBXK
..
..
..
..
11

YBXN
..
..
..
..
10.1

YBXQ
..
..
..
..
..

YBVO
243
240
270
303
306

YBXT
171
161
178
192
190

YBXW
35
40
43
53
49

YBXZ
37
39
50
59
67

YBYC
15.2
16.2
18.3
19.3
21.8

YBYF
16
15
23
27
26

2008
2009

101
110

76
73

17
22

..
14

..
13.4

..
..

352
444

220
245

54
96

78
104

22.2
23.2

31
38

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

YBVJ
73
76
79
76
88

YBXF
58
62
66
61
69

YBXI
..
..
..
..
13

YBXL
..
..
..
..
..

YBXO
..
..
..
..
..

YBXR
..
..
..
..
..

YBVP
159
169
168
201
201

YBXU
128
131
128
151
148

YBXX
16
22
25
31
27

YBYA
15
16
16
19
26

YBYD
9.7
9.3
9.3
9.6
12.9

YBYG
..
..
..
..
..

2008
2009

84
90

65
64

14
16

..
..

..
..

..
..

207
271

151
180

29
46

28
45

13.3
16.4

..
13

Persons

Men

Women

Ages 25-49

Ages 50 and over

All

Up to 6
months

Over 6 and
up to 12
months

All over 12
months

%over 12
months

All over 24
months

All

Up to 6
months

Over 6 and
up to 12
months

All over 12
months

%over 12
months

All over 24
months

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGVI
685
631
632
748
707

YBYH
409
378
379
418
393

YBYK
105
99
104
136
118

YBYN
171
154
150
194
195

YBYQ
24.9
24.3
23.6
25.9
27.6

YBYT
85
71
67
90
93

YBVT
230
210
216
235
242

YBYW
111
107
101
112
116

YBYZ
36
33
33
38
40

YBZC
82
70
81
85
86

YBZF
36.0
33.4
37.8
36.1
35.6

YBZI
47
42
49
53
47

2008
2009

774
1 108

430
588

129
224

216
295

27.9
26.6

107
125

260
372

125
174

42
79

92
119

35.8
32.0

54
60

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGVJ
402
355
350
409
374

YBYI
216
192
190
209
184

YBYL
65
61
60
74
63

YBYO
121
102
100
127
127

YBYR
30.0
28.6
28.5
30.9
33.8

YBYU
63
51
47
60
63

YBVU
154
142
142
147
155

YBYX
68
67
59
61
67

YBZA
25
22
24
25
27

YBZD
62
53
59
62
62

YBZG
39.9
37.1
41.3
42.1
40.0

YBZJ
38
33
37
40
35

2008
2009

424
649

216
333

68
135

140
181

33.2
27.9

73
81

171
262

74
116

28
57

69
89

40.9
33.8

42
46

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGVK
283
276
282
339
333

YBYJ
193
186
189
210
209

YBYM
40
37
44
62
56

YBYP
50
52
50
67
69

YBYS
17.6
18.9
17.5
19.8
20.5

YBYV
23
20
21
30
31

YBVV
75
68
74
87
87

YBYY
43
40
42
52
50

YBZB
12
11
..
13
13

YBZE
21
18
23
23
24

YBZH
27.9
25.6
31.1
26.0
27.6

YBZK
..
..
..
13
12

2008
2009

350
458

214
255

60
90

76
114

21.6
24.8

34
44

89
110

51
58

15
22

23
30

26.2
27.5

12
15

Persons

Men

Women

See chapter text.

99

Labour Market

7.12

Claimant count:1 by age and duration


Computerised claims only
United Kingdom. Seasonally adjusted

Thousands
2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Annual averages
Males
All ages
All durations
Up to 6 months
Over 6 and up to 12 months
All over 12 months
All over 24 months

AGNG
AGXK
ELNP
ELON
IKBS

693.0
451.2
127.1
114.7
37.6

630.7
408.8
113.7
108.2
34.6

635.0
423.4
113.3
98.2
33.1

694.2
438.6
136.5
119.1
34.5

628.6
405.3
111.1
112.2
33.9

662.9
475.9
105.6
81.4
21.4

1 124.2
780.8
225.2
118.2
18.9

Aged 18 to 24
All durations
Up to 6 months
Over 6 and up to 12 months
All over 12 months
All over 24 months

JLGC
JLGD
JLGE
JLGF
JLGH

171.9
143.8
24.5
3.6
0.4

161.8
134.3
23.3
4.2
0.5

174.6
143.6
25.9
5.0
0.6

195.6
155.0
33.1
7.5
0.9

176.7
145.7
25.3
5.8
1.1

191.0
165.0
22.0
4.0
1.0

321.6
263.9
50.9
6.8
1.1

Aged 25 to 49
All durations
Up to 6 months
Over 6 and up to 12 months
All over 12 months
All over 24 months

AGMA
JLHG
JLHH
JLHI
JLHK

404.8
248.0
82.9
73.8
17.0

362.3
221.3
72.9
68.1
14.1

357.4
225.9
70.4
61.2
14.2

387.6
228.9
83.4
75.2
15.2

352.6
211.6
69.6
71.5
14.5

374.6
250.0
67.6
57.0
11.5

633.5
410.2
138.6
84.7
12.0

Aged 50 and over


All durations
Up to 6 months
Over 6 and up to 12 months
All over 12 months
All over 24 months

JLHL
JLHM
JLHN
JLHO
JLHQ

116.2
59.4
19.7
37.2
20.2

106.7
53.2
17.5
35.9
19.9

103.0
53.9
17.0
32.0
18.3

111.0
54.7
20.0
36.3
18.4

99.3
48.0
16.2
35.0
18.2

97.3
60.9
16.0
20.4
8.9

169.1
106.7
35.7
26.7
5.7

All ages
All durations
Up to 6 months
Over 6 and up to 12 months
All over 12 months
All over 24 months

JLGI
JLGK
JLGJ
JLGL
JLGN

230.1
166.3
37.2
26.5
8.1

214.7
153.2
34.9
26.7
8.0

220.0
159.2
35.6
25.2
7.9

246.0
171.5
43.7
30.8
8.4

231.6
163.8
37.6
30.2
8.4

239.2
182.1
34.2
22.8
5.8

402.6
305.0
67.1
30.5
5.3

Aged 18 to 24
All durations
Up to 6 months
Over 6 and up to 12 months
All over 12 months
All over 24 months

JLGO
JLGP
JLGQ
JLGR
JLGT

77.3
64.9
10.6
1.8
0.2

74.0
61.5
10.4
2.1
0.3

79.1
65.3
11.4
2.3
0.4

90.2
72.3
14.7
3.3
0.5

85.6
71.0
12.0
2.5
0.5

88.7
76.6
10.2
1.9
0.5

139.2
116.3
20.2
2.7
0.5

Aged 25 to 49
All durations
Up to 6 months
Over 6 and up to 12 months
All over 12 months
All over 24 months

JLHR
JLHS
JLHT
JLHU
JLHW

112.1
77.3
19.9
14.9
3.1

102.1
69.0
18.2
14.9
2.9

101.9
70.3
17.7
13.8
3.0

111.8
73.6
21.3
16.9
3.3

105.4
69.5
18.8
17.1
3.2

109.9
78.0
17.6
14.2
2.9

197.3
144.0
34.1
19.3
3.1

Aged 50 and over


All durations
Up to 6 months
Over 6 and up to 12 months
All over 12 months
All over 24 months

JLHX
JLHY
JLHZ
JLIA
JLIC

40.7
24.1
6.8
9.8
4.7

38.7
22.7
6.3
9.7
4.8

39.1
23.5
6.5
9.1
4.5

43.9
25.5
7.8
10.6
4.7

40.6
23.3
6.8
10.6
4.7

40.6
27.5
6.4
6.7
2.4

66.0
44.7
12.8
8.5
1.7

Females

1 Count of claimants of unemployment-related benets.

100

Source: Office for National Statistics: 01633 456901

Labour Market

7.13

Unemployment rates: by region1,2,3


At Quarter 2 each year4. Seasonally adjusted5
Percentages
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Nor th East
Nor th West
Yorkshire and The Humber

YCNC
YCND
YCNE

9.3
6.3
6.3

8.6
5.5
6.1

7.3
5.3
5.3

6.8
5.4
5.3

6.4
4.9
5.1

5.8
4.6
4.7

6.4
4.6
4.8

6.5
5.3
5.8

6.3
5.9
5.6

7.6
6.7
6.1

9.2
8.4
8.6

East Midlands
West Midlands

YCNF
YCNG

5.3
6.8

4.8
6.0

4.8
5.5

4.7
5.7

4.3
5.8

4.3
5.2

4.4
4.8

5.4
5.9

5.3
6.3

5.8
6.7

7.2
9.8

East
London
South East
South West

YCNH
YCNI
YCNJ
YCNK

4.2
7.4
3.9
4.5

3.7
7.2
3.3
4.1

3.7
6.7
3.3
3.6

3.8
6.9
3.9
3.8

4.0
7.1
3.9
3.4

3.7
7.1
3.7
3.3

4.1
6.9
3.9
3.6

4.8
7.7
4.5
3.8

4.7
6.8
4.5
3.9

4.8
7.1
4.4
4.1

6.3
8.8
5.9
6.3

Wales
Scotland
Nor thern Ireland

YCNM
YCNN
ZSFB

7.3
7.1
7.1

6.3
6.8
6.3

5.9
6.4
6.0

5.4
6.3
5.8

4.8
5.7
5.5

4.5
5.7
5.0

4.7
5.4
4.6

5.3
5.3
4.4

5.4
4.8
4.0

6.0
4.6
4.5

8.2
7.0
6.5

1 Total unemployed as a percentage of all economically active persons.


2 All aged 16 and over. See chapter text.
3 In August 2007, ONS published the mid-year population estimates for 2006.
These estimates have now been incorporated into the LFS estimates from
2001 onwards. Fur ther details can be found at http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/ar ticle.asp?id=1919
4 The Labour Force Survey has now moved to calendar quarters from May
2006. More information can be found on page 5 of the Concepts and Denitions.pdf
by
following
this
link:www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_labour/Concepts_Denitions_HQS.pdf
5 Previously not seasonally adjusted data was shown.

7.14

Sources: Labour Force Survey, Office for National Statistics;


Helpline: 01633 456901

Claimant count rates: by region1


Seasonally adjusted annual averages
Percentages
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

BCJE
DPDM
IBWC
DPBI

4.1
7.0
4.6
5.0

3.6
6.3
4.1
4.3

3.1
5.6
3.7
3.9

3.1
5.1
3.5
3.6

3.0
4.5
3.2
3.3

2.7
4.0
2.9
2.8

2.7
3.9
2.9
2.9

3.0
4.1
3.3
3.3

2.7
4.0
3.1
3.0

2.8
4.5
3.4
3.4

4.7
7.0
5.5
5.7

East Midlands
West Midlands

DPBJ
DPBN

3.6
4.5

3.3
4.0

3.1
3.7

2.9
3.5

2.8
3.5

2.5
3.3

2.5
3.4

2.8
3.9

2.6
3.7

2.8
3.8

4.9
6.3

East
London
South East
South West

DPDP
DPDQ
DPDR
DPBM

2.9
4.4
2.3
3.0

2.4
3.7
1.8
2.5

2.0
3.3
1.5
2.0

2.1
3.6
1.6
1.9

2.1
3.6
1.7
1.9

2.0
3.5
1.6
1.6

2.1
3.4
1.6
1.6

2.3
3.5
1.9
1.8

2.1
3.0
1.6
1.6

2.2
2.8
1.7
1.7

4.0
4.3
3.3
3.4

England
Wales
Scotland
Nor thern Ireland

VASQ
DPBP
DPBQ
DPBR

3.9
5.0
5.0
6.3

3.4
4.4
4.5
5.3

3.0
3.9
3.9
4.9

2.9
3.5
3.8
4.4

2.9
3.3
3.7
4.2

2.6
3.0
3.4
3.6

2.6
3.0
3.2
3.3

2.9
3.1
3.2
3.2

2.7
2.8
2.8
2.8

2.8
3.2
2.8
3.2

4.7
5.5
4.5
5.7

DPAJ

4.0

3.5

3.1

3.0

3.0

2.7

2.7

2.9

2.7

2.8

4.7

United Kingdom
Nor th East
Nor th West
Yorkshire and the Humber

Great Britain

1 The number of unemployment-related benet claimants as a percentage of


the estimated total workforce (the sum of claimants, employee jobs, selfemployed, participants on work-related government training programmes
and HM Forces) at mid-year. Excluded are claimants under 18, consistent
with current coverage. See chapter text.

Source: Office for National Statistics: 01633 456901

101

Labour Market

7.15

Claimant count:1 by region


Seasonally adjusted
Thousands

Nor th
East

Nor th
West

Yorkshire
and the
Humber

East
Midlands

West
Midlands

East

London

South
East

South
West

England

Wales

Scotland

Great
Britain

Nor thern
Ireland

United
Kingdom

1994 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

DPDG
145.6
141.6
139.1
136.0

IBWA
325.1
314.5
304.2
291.7

DPAX
233.7
227.4
222.7
215.9

DPAY
174.7
170.7
166.3
160.1

DPBC
262.3
252.0
242.3
230.5

DPDJ
210.0
200.4
191.0
180.5

DPDK
451.4
440.4
428.1
415.4

DPDL
296.7
280.9
268.1
251.1

DPBB
203.6
194.5
188.1
178.9

IBWK
2 302.3
2 221.7
2 148.8
2 059.0

DPBE
126.7
123.3
119.0
112.9

DPBF
236.0
231.7
227.4
218.1

DPAG
2 665.8
2 577.4
2 496.3
2 391.1

DPBG
100.2
98.9
97.2
93.8

BCJD
2 766.0
2 676.3
2 593.5
2 484.9

1995 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

133.0
130.0
128.2
126.4

280.1
270.8
266.1
260.9

210.6
206.8
204.6
200.7

153.2
148.1
145.3
142.3

218.5
211.0
206.9
201.3

172.3
167.1
165.0
160.7

401.4
395.0
390.2
383.2

237.9
229.7
225.1
219.1

171.4
166.0
162.5
159.4

1 977.5
1 923.8
1 892.8
1 852.7

108.3
106.2
106.7
105.4

209.3
200.3
195.3
193.5

2 296.0
2 231.0
2 195.9
2 152.9

91.3
88.6
87.6
85.8

2 387.3
2 319.6
2 283.5
2 238.7

1996 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

123.1
121.7
116.9
110.5

255.8
254.9
248.2
238.4

197.0
195.7
188.8
181.1

140.0
137.7
131.8
124.9

196.5
194.2
187.6
177.8

157.2
153.5
146.8
138.5

376.8
367.9
357.5
341.6

213.3
207.6
198.9
185.5

155.6
152.3
146.8
137.9

1 814.6
1 785.1
1 722.5
1 635.0

104.0
104.6
101.8
98.2

193.2
194.9
191.9
186.3

2 112.5
2 085.0
2 017.0
1 920.7

85.9
86.1
86.4
81.7

2 198.4
2 171.1
2 103.4
2 002.4

1997 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

101.0
95.2
92.4
90.4

218.5
201.3
188.9
177.6

166.4
154.7
148.2
142.0

111.8
102.4
95.0
87.6

160.1
147.3
138.0
131.7

123.5
110.6
102.5
94.3

312.6
284.9
264.3
246.4

163.3
144.4
131.0
120.4

126.0
112.1
100.7
93.0

1 483.2
1 352.9
1 261.0
1 183.4

90.3
82.5
78.1
73.6

173.8
162.2
153.6
146.5

1 747.3
1 597.6
1 492.7
1 403.5

71.1
65.0
61.4
60.6

1 818.4
1 662.6
1 554.1
1 464.1

1998 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

87.6
84.1
81.8
82.1

170.6
165.4
163.7
160.9

137.2
134.1
133.3
130.9

82.8
79.9
80.0
79.9

126.1
122.3
121.4
121.4

88.5
85.2
83.7
82.0

234.3
229.4
225.2
219.3

112.3
108.0
105.5
102.5

88.7
85.1
84.1
81.8

1 128.1
1 093.5
1 078.7
1 060.8

70.9
69.3
68.6
68.1

141.6
138.7
139.4
136.9

1 340.6
1 301.5
1 286.7
1 265.8

59.9
57.9
57.3
56.1

1 400.5
1 359.4
1 344.0
1 321.9

1999 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

82.6
82.5
80.3
76.7

159.5
157.2
153.8
150.0

129.5
127.0
122.4
118.3

79.0
78.2
75.9
73.6

122.6
123.1
120.2
115.9

80.3
79.1
76.6
73.6

214.5
207.8
202.2
196.5

101.2
98.8
94.4
91.1

81.2
78.4
74.9
71.4

1 050.4
1 032.1
1 000.7
967.1

67.8
67.1
63.8
61.0

135.6
133.9
130.2
126.1

1 253.8
1 233.1
1 194.7
1 154.2

55.9
55.0
50.0
46.5

1 309.7
1 288.1
1 244.7
1 200.7

2000 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

75.7
73.6
72.0
69.5

145.7
139.9
135.4
131.0

114.6
108.9
104.9
102.5

73.2
70.0
68.7
67.7

112.1
108.1
107.2
106.5

70.3
66.9
62.5
60.7

189.4
181.6
172.0
165.0

87.2
81.3
77.5
74.3

68.0
63.8
61.1
58.1

936.2
894.1
861.3
835.3

59.3
57.8
57.1
56.4

123.2
119.0
115.1
111.7

1 118.7
1 070.9
1 033.5
1 003.4

44.2
42.4
41.2
41.3

1 162.9
1 113.3
1 074.7
1 044.7

2001 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

66.2
63.2
61.4
61.5

127.4
124.9
121.5
121.4

99.9
97.6
95.1
93.2

66.6
65.1
63.0
61.6

104.0
100.8
97.4
95.7

57.2
54.8
53.7
54.3

158.2
151.8
151.0
156.3

69.7
66.1
65.1
65.9

54.9
53.6
52.1
51.1

804.1
777.9
760.3
761.0

54.9
52.4
49.8
49.2

108.8
105.3
102.4
104.2

967.8
935.6
912.5
914.4

40.8
39.9
39.3
38.6

1 008.6
975.5
951.8
953.0

2002 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

60.9
59.2
58.5
55.9

121.3
119.4
118.1
116.1

91.4
89.4
89.1
87.6

60.6
59.4
58.6
57.9

95.4
93.6
93.4
93.7

55.4
56.4
57.5
57.2

163.1
166.2
167.3
167.6

68.6
71.0
72.3
72.3

51.1
50.9
50.1
49.3

767.8
765.5
764.9
757.6

48.1
47.5
46.8
46.7

104.3
104.4
101.9
100.1

920.2
917.4
913.6
904.4

38.0
37.5
36.4
35.1

958.2
954.9
950.0
939.5

2003 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

54.8
53.5
52.6
51.1

115.9
112.7
112.5
108.7

87.0
84.1
84.2
81.6

58.0
58.8
59.9
58.8

94.3
94.7
94.9
94.2

57.4
58.5
58.7
57.3

168.6
171.3
171.7
170.2

72.9
75.6
76.4
76.0

48.9
48.6
49.1
47.4

757.8
757.8
760.0
745.3

46.3
45.2
45.0
43.1

100.2
99.1
100.6
98.9

904.3
902.1
905.6
887.3

35.0
34.0
34.6
34.7

939.3
936.1
940.2
922.0

2004 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

49.8
47.5
45.4
45.1

104.6
101.3
96.7
96.5

78.3
75.6
71.6
71.1

56.2
53.7
51.1
50.9

93.0
89.7
86.7
86.0

56.7
56.0
54.6
55.0

167.8
165.5
162.0
158.8

75.0
72.3
68.5
69.2

45.3
42.7
40.4
40.6

726.7
704.3
677.0
673.2

42.0
41.4
39.5
39.2

97.0
94.4
90.0
89.5

865.7
840.1
806.5
801.9

33.5
31.8
29.9
29.6

899.2
871.9
836.4
831.5

2005 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

44.0
44.9
46.1
47.4

94.4
98.0
102.2
105.9

70.1
73.2
76.1
79.9

50.8
52.1
54.5
56.5

85.7
88.0
97.1
99.2

55.1
56.4
58.9
60.2

158.8
162.1
162.4
166.0

68.4
69.7
71.6
73.7

40.9
41.5
42.5
43.0

668.2
685.9
711.4
731.8

38.9
39.6
41.7
42.8

87.4
86.1
84.9
85.8

794.6
811.7
838.1
860.0

29.1
28.6
28.6
28.2

823.7
840.3
866.7
888.2

2006 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

47.2
49.4
50.8
51.6

109.4
115.0
117.0
118.2

84.2
86.9
88.3
89.0

59.1
62.1
62.5
63.3

102.6
109.2
109.8
110.2

62.2
64.9
65.9
68.0

168.2
167.8
168.4
166.4

78.5
81.2
83.5
82.5

44.3
47.7
49.2
49.7

755.7
784.3
795.4
799.0

43.9
45.1
44.3
44.3

85.7
88.1
89.0
87.3

885.4
917.5
928.8
930.6

28.2
28.0
28.0
28.0

913.7
945.5
956.7
958.6

2007 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

51.0
49.8
49.7
48.2

115.8
111.0
108.6
108.1

86.1
83.1
80.9
78.1

62.4
59.8
58.0
56.3

109.8
104.1
100.6
100.3

66.0
62.1
60.9
58.9

159.5
151.1
143.3
137.1

78.7
74.5
70.7
67.6

47.5
43.7
42.2
40.8

776.8
739.1
714.7
695.5

42.4
41.0
40.3
40.2

82.7
78.7
75.0
72.8

901.8
858.7
830.0
808.5

26.1
24.7
23.8
23.8

927.9
883.5
853.8
832.3

2008 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

46.9
48.1
52.2
59.8

106.0
107.4
116.0
132.4

75.4
76.9
85.0
99.1

53.3
53.7
58.8
68.7

95.1
95.5
102.2
116.2

55.5
54.7
61.3
71.9

131.8
128.3
132.9
145.9

65.8
66.0
72.9
86.8

38.0
37.8
44.9
55.4

667.4
668.5
726.4
836.4

38.6
39.7
44.0
51.2

69.6
69.9
76.3
87.9

775.7
778.1
846.6
975.4

23.7
24.2
27.1
31.5

799.3
802.3
873.7
1 006.8

2009 Jan
Apr
Jul
Oct

72.1
82.9
86.6
88.0

161.0
188.7
198.7
203.7

123.1
147.1
154.7
160.2

89.1
107.6
111.6
115.3

144.6
172.2
179.2
185.0

92.7
116.0
120.8
123.4

170.5
205.4
219.0
229.6

117.8
147.5
155.1
160.9

73.7
93.3
96.1
96.6

1 044.7
1 260.7
1 321.8
1 362.7

65.7
76.9
79.4
81.3

104.3
121.8
130.7
134.7

1 214.7
1 459.4
1 531.9
1 578.7

39.1
46.1
51.1
53.8

1 253.8
1 505.5
1 583.0
1 632.5

1 The gures are based on the number of claimants receiving unemployment


related benets and are adjusted for seasonality and discontinuities to be
consistent with current coverage. See chapter text.

102

The latest national and regional seasonally adjusted claimant count gures are
provisional and subject to revision in the following month.
Source: Office for National Statistics: 01633 456901

Labour Market

7.16

Economic activity: by sex and


United Kingdom

age1

Seasonally adjusted

Thousands and percentages

All aged 16 and


over

16-59/64

16-17

18-24

25-34

35-49

50-64 (m)
50-59 (w)

65+ (m)
60+ (w)

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSF
29 675
29 909
30 239
30 698
30 875

YBSK
28 713
28 893
29 149
29 506
29 625

YBZL
825
817
786
741
731

YBZO
3 817
3 936
3 977
4 122
4 164

YBZR
6 684
6 581
6 584
6 593
6 562

YBZU
10 953
11 074
11 229
11 391
11 437

YBZX
6 434
6 485
6 574
6 660
6 731

YCAD
963
1 016
1 090
1 193
1 250

2008
2009

31 220
31 374

29 871
29 956

709
630

4 221
4 164

6 629
6 734

11 495
11 512

6 816
6 916

1 349
1 419

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSG
16 161
16 240
16 397
16 628
16 757

YBSL
15 823
15 894
16 027
16 228
16 341

YBZM
417
408
393
367
366

YBZP
2 046
2 108
2 149
2 215
2 249

YBZS
3 664
3 593
3 592
3 605
3 611

YBZV
5 870
5 922
5 971
6 072
6 083

YBZY
3 828
3 863
3 922
3 969
4 032

YCAE
338
346
370
401
416

2008
2009

16 941
16 962

16 487
16 504

361
306

2 286
2 232

3 635
3 718

6 104
6 080

4 101
4 167

455
459

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSH
13 515
13 669
13 842
14 070
14 118

YBSM
12 890
12 999
13 123
13 278
13 284

YBZN
408
409
393
375
365

YBZQ
1 772
1 828
1 828
1 907
1 915

YBZT
3 021
2 989
2 992
2 988
2 951

YBZW
5 084
5 151
5 258
5 319
5 354

YBZZ
2 606
2 621
2 652
2 691
2 700

YCAF
625
670
720
792
834

2008
2009

14 278
14 412

13 384
13 452

348
324

1 935
1 931

2 994
3 016

5 391
5 432

2 715
2 749

894
960

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGWG
63.0
63.0
63.2
63.6
63.5

MGSO
78.6
78.6
78.6
78.9
78.9

YCAG
53.9
52.4
50.0
47.2
46.1

YCAJ
74.3
74.7
73.7
74.7
73.8

YCAM
83.5
83.4
83.8
84.3
84.3

YCAP
84.9
84.8
85.0
85.4
85.3

MGWP
72.0
72.1
72.6
73.1
73.7

MGWS
9.1
9.5
10.1
10.9
11.3

2008
2009

63.6
63.5

79.1
79.0

44.8
40.5

73.5
71.8

84.8
84.8

85.6
85.9

74.4
74.9

11.9
12.3

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGWH
71.0
70.7
70.6
70.9
70.8

MGSP
83.9
83.6
83.5
83.7
83.6

YCAH
53.0
51.1
48.8
45.4
44.9

YCAK
79.2
79.1
78.6
79.1
78.2

YCAN
92.4
91.9
92.3
92.9
93.0

YCAQ
92.0
91.8
91.4
92.2
91.9

MGWQ
74.5
74.5
74.9
74.9
75.3

MGWT
8.6
8.7
9.2
9.9
10.1

2008
2009

70.9
70.3

83.8
83.3

44.3
38.5

77.9
75.8

92.8
92.9

92.2
92.0

76.0
76.4

10.9
10.6

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGWI
55.6
55.8
56.1
56.7
56.5

MGSQ
73.0
73.2
73.3
73.8
73.8

YCAI
54.8
53.9
51.3
49.0
47.3

YCAL
69.4
70.1
68.6
70.1
69.3

YCAO
74.8
75.1
75.6
75.9
75.6

YCAR
77.9
77.9
78.7
78.8
78.8

MGWR
68.6
68.8
69.4
70.4
71.4

MGWU
9.4
10.0
10.6
11.6
11.9

2008
2009

56.8
56.8

74.1
74.3

45.2
42.7

68.9
67.7

76.7
76.5

79.2
80.0

72.2
72.8

12.6
13.2

Economically active
People

Men

Women

Economic activity rates (%)1


People

Men

Women

See chapter text.


1 Denominator = economically active for that age group.

Sources: Labour Force Survey, Office for National Statistics;


Helpline: 01633 456901

103

Labour Market

7.17

Economically inactive: by sex and age1


United Kingdom
Seasonally adjusted

Thousands and percentages

All aged 16 and


over

16-59/64

16-17

18-24

25-34

35-49

50-64 (m)
50-59 (w)

65+ (m)
60+ (w)

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSI
17 411
17 538
17 632
17 570
17 793

YBSN
7 801
7 880
7 940
7 859
7 940

YCAS
705
741
786
831
856

YCAV
1 320
1 336
1 421
1 399
1 478

YCAY
1 320
1 306
1 270
1 224
1 226

YCBB
1 954
1 990
1 984
1 947
1 980

MGWA
2 503
2 509
2 480
2 459
2 400

MGWD
9 610
9 659
9 692
9 711
9 854

2008
2009

17 839
18 093

7 872
7 967

876
923

1 523
1 637

1 195
1 210

1 936
1 884

2 343
2 314

9 967
10 126

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSJ
6 614
6 738
6 817
6 811
6 911

YBSO
3 032
3 116
3 171
3 152
3 208

YCAT
369
391
412
441
449

YCAW
538
557
583
586
627

YCAZ
303
316
302
278
272

YCBC
512
533
561
518
539

MGWB
1 311
1 320
1 313
1 329
1 322

MGWE
3 582
3 623
3 646
3 659
3 703

2008
2009

6 950
7 142

3 201
3 304

453
490

649
715

283
282

521
528

1 296
1 289

3 748
3 838

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

MGSK
10 797
10 800
10 815
10 760
10 883

YBSP
4 769
4 765
4 769
4 707
4 732

YCAU
336
351
374
390
406

YCAX
782
779
837
812
851

YCBA
1 018
989
968
946
954

YCBD
1 442
1 457
1 424
1 429
1 442

MGWC
1 192
1 189
1 166
1 130
1 079

MGWF
6 027
6 036
6 047
6 052
6 151

2008
2009

10 889
10 952

4 671
4 664

423
434

875
921

911
928

1 415
1 356

1 047
1 025

6 219
6 288

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

YBTC
37.0
37.0
36.8
36.4
36.5

YBTL
21.3
21.4
21.4
21.0
21.1

LWEX
46.1
47.6
50.0
52.8
53.9

LWFA
25.7
25.3
26.3
25.4
26.2

LWFD
16.5
16.5
16.2
15.6
15.7

LWFG
15.1
15.2
15.0
14.6
14.8

LWFJ
28.0
27.9
27.4
27.0
26.3

LWFM
90.9
90.5
89.9
89.1
88.8

2008
2009

36.4
36.5

20.9
21.0

55.3
59.5

26.5
28.2

15.3
15.2

14.4
14.1

25.6
25.1

88.1
87.7

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

YBTD
29.0
29.3
29.4
29.1
29.2

YBTM
16.1
16.4
16.5
16.3
16.4

LWEY
47.0
48.9
51.2
54.6
55.1

LWFB
20.8
20.9
21.4
20.9
21.8

LWFE
7.6
8.1
7.8
7.1
7.0

LWFH
8.0
8.2
8.6
7.8
8.1

LWFK
25.5
25.5
25.1
25.0
24.7

LWFN
91.4
91.3
90.8
90.2
89.9

2008
2009

29.1
29.6

16.3
16.7

55.7
61.5

22.1
24.2

7.2
7.1

7.9
8.0

24.0
23.6

89.1
89.3

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

YBTE
44.4
44.2
43.9
43.3
43.5

YBTN
27.0
26.8
26.7
26.1
26.3

LWEZ
45.2
46.1
48.7
51.0
52.7

LWFC
30.6
29.9
31.4
29.9
30.8

LWFF
25.2
24.9
24.5
24.0
24.5

LWFI
22.1
22.0
21.3
21.2
21.2

LWFL
31.4
31.2
30.6
29.6
28.5

LWFO
90.6
90.0
89.4
88.4
88.1

2008
2009

43.3
43.2

25.8
25.7

54.8
57.3

31.1
32.3

23.4
23.5

20.8
20.0

27.8
27.1

87.4
86.8

Economically inactive
All Persons

Men

Women

Economic inactivity rates (%)1


All Persons

Men

Women

See chapter text.


1 Denominator = all persons in the relevant age group.

104

Sources: Labour Force Survey, Office for National Statistics;


Helpline: 01633 456901

Labour Market

7.18

Economically inactive: by reason and sex


United Kingdom
Seasonally adjusted

Thousands and percentages


Economic inactivity by reason:

by:
All
economically
inactive

Student

Looking after
family/home

Temporar y
sick

Long-term
sick

Discouraged
workers4

Retired

Other

Does not want


a job

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

BEDZ
1 543
1 655
1 717
1 836
1 837

BEEC
2 398
2 393
2 347
2 335
2 325

BEBK
188
187
190
189
191

BEBN
2 203
2 136
2 158
2 126
2 068

YCFO
37
35
32
37
37

BEEI
585
582
595
594
593

BEEL
810
814
842
825
808

YBVZ
5 505
5 669
5 841
5 892
5 781

YBWC
2 258
2 133
2 040
2 048
2 079

YBSN
7 762
7 801
7 880
7 940
7 859

2007
2008
2009

1 926
1 995
2 166

2 315
2 267
2 243

199
177
173

2 043
2 019
2 009

37
42
66

604
597
578

815
776
732

5 843
5 732
5 767

2 097
2 140
2 201

7 940
7 872
7 967

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

BEEX
763
828
873
913
919

BEAQ
180
185
189
193
194

BEDI
90
90
96
97
94

BEDL
1 226
1 170
1 180
1 171
1 134

YCFP
23
20
21
23
26

BEDR
396
396
407
414
433

BEDU
337
344
351
362
351

YBWA
2 072
2 129
2 249
2 324
2 263

YBWD
943
903
866
848
889

YBSO
3 015
3 032
3 116
3 171
3 152

2007
2008
2009

966
1 002
1 104

197
194
210

98
85
84

1 131
1 118
1 114

21
24
40

443
435
431

352
343
321

2 312
2 286
2 343

896
916
961

3 208
3 201
3 304

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

BEBL
779
827
844
923
918

BEBO
2 218
2 208
2 158
2 142
2 131

BEEG
98
98
94
93
97

BEEJ
977
966
978
955
933

YCFQ
14
15
..
14
..

BEEP
189
186
189
180
160

BEES
474
469
490
463
458

YBWB
3 433
3 540
3 592
3 569
3 518

YBWE
1 314
1 230
1 173
1 200
1 190

YBSP
4 747
4 769
4 765
4 769
4 707

2007
2008
2009

959
993
1 061

2 119
2 073
2 034

101
91
89

912
901
896

16
18
26

161
162
148

464
433
412

3 531
3 447
3 424

1 201
1 224
1 240

4 732
4 671
4 664

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

BEDJ
19.9
21.2
21.8
23.1
23.4

BEDM
30.9
30.7
29.8
29.4
29.6

BEDP
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4

BEDS
28.4
27.4
27.4
26.8
26.3

BEDV
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.5

BEDY
7.5
7.5
7.6
7.5
7.6

BEEB
10.5
10.4
10.7
10.4
10.3

BEEE
70.9
72.7
74.1
74.2
73.6

BEBM
29.1
27.4
25.9
25.8
26.4

BEAR
100
100
100
100
100

2007
2008
2009

24.3
25.3
27.2

29.2
28.8
28.1

2.5
2.3
2.2

25.8
25.6
25.2

0.4
0.5
0.9

7.6
7.6
7.2

10.3
9.9
9.2

73.6
72.8
72.4

26.4
27.2
27.6

100
100
100

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

BEEH
25.3
27.3
28.0
28.8
29.1

BEEK
5.9
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.2

BEEN
3.0
3.0
3.1
3.0
3.0

BEEQ
40.7
38.6
37.9
36.9
36.0

BEET
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.8
0.8

BEEW
13.1
13.0
13.1
13.1
13.7

BEEZ
11.1
11.4
11.3
11.4
11.1

BEAS
68.7
70.2
72.2
73.3
71.8

BEGT
31.3
29.8
27.8
26.7
28.2

BEBP
100
100
100
100
100

2007
2008
2009

30.1
31.3
33.4

6.2
6.1
6.3

3.0
2.7
2.5

35.3
34.9
33.7

0.6
0.8
1.2

13.8
13.6
13.0

11.0
10.7
9.7

72.1
71.4
70.9

27.9
28.6
29.0

100
100
100

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

BEGZ
16.4
17.4
17.7
19.3
19.5

BEHC
46.7
46.3
45.3
44.9
45.3

BEHF
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.9
2.0

BEHI
20.5
20.3
20.5
20.0
19.9

BEHL
0.3
0.3
..
0.3
..

BEHO
4.0
3.9
4.0
3.8
3.4

BEBQ
10.0
9.8
10.3
9.7
9.7

BEHR
72.3
74.2
75.4
74.8
74.8

BEHU
27.7
25.8
24.6
25.1
25.3

BEGW
100
100
100
100
100

2007
2008
2009

20.3
21.3
22.8

44.8
44.4
43.6

2.2
2.0
1.9

19.3
19.3
19.2

0.4
0.4
0.6

3.4
3.5
3.2

9.8
9.3
8.8

74.6
73.8
73.4

25.4
26.2
26.6

100
100
100

Wants a job

Thousands
All Persons

Men

Women

Percentages5
All Persons

Men

Women

1 This series comprises those who have not been looking for work in the last
four weeks, but who say they would like a regular paid job, plus those who
have been looking for work but who were unable to start within two weeks.

Sources: Labour Force Survey, Office for National Statistics;


Helpline: 01633 456901

105

Labour Market

7.19

Labour disputes: by industry1


United Kingdom
Standard Industrial Classication 2003

Thousands and numbers


2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

KBBZ

525

1 323

499

905

157

755

1 041

759

Analysis by industry
Mining, quarrying, electricity, gas and water
Manufacturing
Construction
Transpor t, storage and communication
Public administration and defence
Education
Health and social work
Other community, social and personal services
All other industries and services

DMME
BBFX
DMMG
BBFY
BBFZ
BBGA
BBGB
DMML
DMMM

25
43
10
107
216
43
73
4
4

..
21
17
96
488
376
148
107
70

..
63
14
126
138
131
15
10
2

5
31
..
44
437
379
4
4
2

6
16
2
33
23
43
..
6
29

12
18
15
41
627
31
5
2
5

..
16
2
658
325
31
5
4
2

1
7
3
25
614
103
2
3
2

Analysis by number of working days lost in each stoppage


Under 250 days
250 and under 500 days
500 and under 1,000 days
1,000 and under 5,000 days
5,000 and under 25,000 days
25,000 and under 50,000 days
50,000 days and over

KBFC
KBFJ
KBFL
KBFY
KBFZ
KBGS
KBGT

9
11
15
59
140
72
220

7
8
15
47
104
122
1 021

6
6
13
69
46
112
248

7
5
12
51
59

770

5
4
7
80
61

..

7
8
8
66
69

597

6
6
11
50
76
..
892

8
5
8
27
54
..
656

Working days lost per 1 000 employees all industries and services

KBHA

20

51

19

34

28

39

28

Workers directly and indirectly involved (thousands)

KBHB

180

943

151

293

93

713

745

511

Analysis by industry
Mining, quarrying, electricity, gas and water
Manufacturing
Construction
Transpor t, storage and communications
Public administration and defence
Education
Health and social work
Other community, social and personal services
All other industries and services

DMMN
DMMO
DMMP
DMMQ
DMMR
DMMS
DMMT
DMMU
DMMV

3
17
3
69
46
34
6
1
1

..
10
17
33
171
388
144
103
76

..
18
2
52
56
15
3
3
1

1
14
..
12
207
55
1
3
1

6
3
1
13
15
43
..
6
5

1
11
2
14
654
28
2
1
2

..
13
1
399
317
9
2
2
2

1
5
3
19
370
110
..
2
1

Analysis by duration of stoppage


Not more than 5 days
Over 5 but not more than 10 days
Over 10 but not more than 20 days
Over 20 but not more than 30 days
Over 30 but not more than 50 days
Over 50 days

KBHM
KBHN
KBJQ
KBJR
KBJS
KBJT

98
43
4

6
30

828
57
3
1
1
55

78
23
31
..
..
20

222
47
1
3
..
20

89
3
1
..
1

705
5
2
1

357
288
6
94
..
..

511
..
..
..
..
..

KBLG

194

146

133

130

116

158

142

144

Analysis by industry
Mining, quarrying, electricity, gas and water
Manufacturing
Construction
Transpor t, storage and communications
Public administration and defence
Education
Health and social work
Other community, social and personal services
All other industries and services

DMMW
DMMX
DMMY
DMMZ
DMNA
DMNB
DMNC
DMND
DMNE

3
32
9
94
22
16
12
10
9

2
33
3
51
20
16
14
11
12

1
43
4
45
12
15
7
9
4

3
30
1
46
19
16
4
12
4

2
19
3
42
13
22
1
5
10

2
25
5
30
18
53
4
8
13

..
22
4
55
20
21
12
11
7

1
21
4
28
16
40
4
18
12

Analysis of number of stoppages by duration


Not more than 5 days
Over 5 but not more than 10 days
Over 10 but not more than 20 days
Over 20 but not more than 30 days
Over 30 but not more than 50 days
Over 50 days

KBNH
KBNI
KBNJ
KBNK
KBNL
KBNM

162
15
7
1
4
5

118
16
3
3
1
5

113
10
5
1
1
3

111
10
4
2
1
2

102
8
3
..
3
..

126
19
10
1
2
..

119
12
6
1
2
2

136
5
1
..
1
1

Working days lost through all stoppages in progress (thousands)

Numbers of stoppages in progress: total

1 See chapter text.

106

Source: Labour Market Statistics, Office for National Statistics: 01633 456721

Labour Market

7.20

Median1

weekly and hourly earnings of full-time employees


United Kingdom

by industry division3

April 2008 to 2009. Standard Industrial Classication 20073

Agriculture,
forestry and
shing

Mining and
Quarrying

Manufacturing

Electricity,
gas, steam and
air
conditioning
supply

Water supply,
sewerage, waste
management and
remediation
activities

Construction

Wholesale and
retail trade;
repair of motor
vehicles and
motorcycles

Transpor t and
storage

Accommodation
and food
service
activities

Median gross weekly earnings


All employees
2008
2009

JR89
356.8
439.0

JR8A
649.0
409.7

JR8B
486.3
802.9

JR8C
661.5
562.7

JR8D
500.0
696.6

JR8E
516.7
592.9

JR8F
380.0
482.2

JR8G
470.6
375.9

JR8H
296.8
567.6

JR8S
375.4
402.5

JR8T
674.8
726.5

JR8U
513.6
510.4

JR8V
715.8
636.2

JR8W
512.6
531.2

JR8X
533.3
550.0

JR8Y
421.6
428.0

JR8Z
480.1
488.3

JR92
316.2
317.3

JR9D
301.1
345.0

JR9E
499.6
568.0

JR9F
365.4
370.5

JR9G
399.9
405.4

JR9H
447.2
474.1

JR9I
398.4
403.9

JR9J
317.7
325.8

JR9K
421.6
436.5

JR9L
272.9
278.3

Men
2008
2009
Women
2008
2009

Median hourly earnings (excluding overtime)


All employees
2008
2009

JR9W
7.69
8.24

JR9X
15.27
16.67

JR9Y
11.44
11.76

JR9Z
16.12
14.97

JRA2
10.94
11.80

JRA3
11.79
12.22

JRA4
9.18
9.46

JRA5
10.48
11.00

JRA6
7.00
7.10

JRB9
7.69
8.24

JRC2
15.27
16.67

JRC3
11.44
11.76

JRC4
16.12
14.97

JRC5
10.94
11.80

JRC6
11.79
12.22

JRC7
9.18
9.46

JRC8
10.48
11.00

JRC9
7.00
7.10

JRE4
7.21
8.25

JRE5
15.07
16.17

JRE6
9.20
9.50

JRE7
10.53
10.68

JRE8
11.03
12.23

JRE9
10.49
10.50

JRF2
8.10
8.38

JRF3
10.59
11.02

JRF4
6.63
6.90

Men
2008
2009
Women
2008
2009

Median total paid hours worked


All employees
2008
2009

JS5P
40.0
40.0

JS5Q
39.9
37.5

JS5R
39.1
38.9

JS5S
37.0
37.0

JS5T
40.0
40.0

JS5U
40.0
40.0

JS5V
39.1
39.1

JS5W
40.0
40.0

JS5X
40.0
40.0

JS6A
40.0
40.0

JS6B
40.0
39.9

JS6C
39.8
39.0

JS6D
37.2
37.0

JS6E
40.5
40.7

JS6F
40.0
40.0

JS6G
40.0
40.0

JS6H
40.5
40.0

JS6I
40.0
40.0

JS6T
40.0
39.1

JS6U
37.5
37.0

JS6V
37.8
37.5

JS6W
37.0
36.9

JS6X
37.2
37.0

JS6Y
37.5
37.5

JS6Z
37.6
37.6

JS72
38.9
37.5

JS73
39.8
39.5

Men
2008
2009
Women
2008
2009

107

Labour Market

7.20
continued

Median1 weekly and hourly earnings of full-time employees 2 by industry division3


United Kingdom
April 2008 to 2009. Standard Industrial Classication 20073

Information
and
communication

Financial and
insurance
activities

Real estate
activities

Professional
and
scientic
and technical
activities

Administrative and
support
service
activities

Public
administration and
defence

Education

Human Health
and social
work
activities

Arts,enter tainment and


recreation

Other service
activities

Median gross weekly earnings


All employees
2008
2009

JR8I
634.8
806.9

JR8J
597.2
651.8

JR8K
451.9
583.4

JR8L
579.7
568.8

JR8M
383.6
542.6

JR8N
533.5
524.9

JR8O
525.6
541.6

JR8P
458.4
473.0

JR8Q
380.6
387.8

JR8R
414.7
424.3

JR93
687.8
682.8

JR94
766.6
799.4

JR95
528.8
526.0

JR96
680.4
689.9

JR97
402.7
415.2

JR98
595.0
605.8

JR99
575.5
587.4

JR9A
542.6
563.2

JR9B
406.9
404.8

JR9C
464.1
470.5

JR9M
536.6
542.5

JR9N
450.4
484.3

JR9O
391.7
408.3

JR9P
479.1
496.0

JR9Q
350.0
353.6

JR9R
443.9
463.7

JR9S
484.5
500.5

JR9T
433.8
441.0

JR9U
351.9
366.4

JR9V
361.5
364.1

Men
2008
2009
Women
2008
2009

Median hourly earnings (excluding overtime)


All employees
2008
2009

JRA7
16.39
16.73

JRA8
16.43
17.38

JRA9
11.92
12.18

JRB2
15.26
15.84

JRB3
8.82
9.20

JRB4
13.34
13.83

JRB5
14.56
15.06

JRB6
11.99
12.34

JRB7
9.25
9.76

JRB8
10.75
11.10

JRD2
16.39
16.73

JRD3
16.43
17.38

JRD4
11.92
12.18

JRD5
15.26
15.84

JRD6
8.82
9.20

JRD7
13.34
13.83

JRD8
14.56
15.06

JRD9
11.99
12.34

JRE2
9.25
9.76

JRE3
10.75
11.10

JRF5
14.23
14.64

JRF6
12.45
13.54

JRF7
10.56
10.95

JRF8
12.86
13.29

JRF9
8.83
9.07

JRG2
11.57
12.25

JRG3
13.79
14.30

JRG4
11.34
11.51

JRG5
8.73
9.24

JRG6
9.45
9.56

JS5Y
37.5
37.5

JS5Z
35.0
35.0

JS62
37.4
37.0

JS63
37.5
37.5

JS64
40.0
39.9

JS65
37.6
37.1

JS66
36.1
36.1

JS67
37.5
37.5

JS68
39.9
39.6

JS69
37.5
37.5

JS6J
37.5
37.5

JS6K
35.0
35.0

JS6L
37.5
37.4

JS6M
37.5
37.5

JS6N
40.0
40.0

JS6O
39.9
39.1

JS6P
36.9
36.9

JS6Q
37.5
37.5

JS6R
40.0
40.0

JS6S
38.6
37.5

JS74
37.5
37.5

JS75
35.0
35.0

JS76
37.0
37.0

JS77
37.0
37.0

JS78
37.5
37.5

JS79
37.0
37.0

JS7A
35.0
35.0

JS7B
37.5
37.5

JS7C
38.3
37.7

JS7D
37.5
37.3

Men
2008
2009
Women
2008
2009

Median total paid hours worked


All employees
2008
2009
Men
2008
2009
Women
2008
2009

1 See chapter text. Median values are less affected by extremes of earnings
at either ends of the scale with half the employees earning above the stated
amount and half below. Previous editions of Annual Abstract published
means.
2 Data relate to full-time employeeson adult rates whose pay for the surveyperiod was not affected by absence.
3 Classication is based on Standard Industrial Classication 2007.

108

Sources: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings;


Office for National Statistics: 01633 456120

Labour Market

7.21

Median1

weekly and hourly earnings and total paid hours of full-time employees:2
United Kingdom
April 2008 to 2009
Manufacturing industries

All industries and services

Hourly earnings()

Hourly earnings()

Gross
weekly
earnings

Total
paid
hours

including
over time
pay

excluding
over time
pay

Gross
weekly
earnings()

Total
paid
hours

including
overtime

excluding
overtime

JR7J
486.3
484.9

JR7K
39.1
38.9

JR7L
11.72
11.94

JR7M
11.44
11.76

JR7V
479.1
488.7

JR7W
37.5
37.5

JR7X
11.98
12.43

JR7Y
11.88
12.34

JR7N
513.6
510.4

JR7O
39.8
39.0

JR7P
12.21
12.47

JR7Q
11.95
12.27

JR7Z
522.0
531.1

JR82
39.0
38.7

JR83
12.63
13.09

JR84
12.50
12.97

JR7R
365.4
370.5

JR7S
37.8
37.5

JR7T
9.25
9.54

JR7U
9.20
9.50

JR85
412.4
426.4

JR86
37.1
37.0

JR87
10.94
11.42

JR88
10.92
11.40

SIC 20073
All
2008
2009
Men
2008
2009
Women
2008
2009

1 Median values are less affected by extremes of earnings at either ends of


the scale with half the employees earning above the stated amount and half
below. Previous editions of Annual Abstract published means.
2 Data relate to full-time employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey
pay-period was not affected by absence.
3 Classication is based on Standard Industrial Clasication 2007.

7.22

Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings: 01633 456120

Average weekly earnings: main industrial sectors


Great Britain
Standard Industrial Classication 2007
Whole economy

Manufacturing

Construction

Distribution Hotels and


Restuarants

Services

Actual

Seasonally
adjusted

Actual

Seasonally
adjusted

Actual

Seasonally
adjusted

Actual

Seasonally
adjusted

Actual

Seasonally
adjusted

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

KA46
321
338
348
359
375

KAB9
320
337
348
359
374

KA49
371
385
399
414
434

KAE3
371
385
399
413
433

KA4C
386
418
427
445
458

KAE6
386
417
427
445
458

KA4F
306
323
334
345
360

KAD2
306
322
333
344
360

KA4I
224
233
242
247
255

KAE9
224
233
241
247
255

2005
2006
2007
2008
2009

392
410
431
446
445

391
410
430
445
445

450
466
484
500
506

449
465
483
499
505

472
501
535
546
553

471
501
535
545
553

378
396
416
433
431

377
396
416
431
430

264
274
290
297
301

264
273
290
297
301

Finance and Business Industries

Private Sector

Private Sector Excl Financial


Services

Public Sector

Actual

Seasonally
adjusted

Actual

Seasonally
adjusted

Actual

Seasonally
adjusted

Actual

Seasonally
adjusted

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

KA4L
410
443
451
463
486

KAD5
412
443
452
464
487

KA4O
322
339
349
359
374

KAC4
322
339
349
359
374

KA4R
314
331
344
360
376

KAC7
313
329
342
358
374

KA4U
314
331
344
360
375

KAD8
313
329
342
358
374

2005
2006
2007
2008
2009

511
546
574
603
583

511
546
572
600
584

391
410
432
448
443

390
410
432
447
443

396
410
424
439
453

394
408
421
437
451

395
410
424
438
450

394
408
421
436
448

1 See chapter text.

Source: Office for National Statistics: 01633 819024

109

Labour Market

7.23

Average weekly earnings : by industry


Great Britain
Not seasonally adjusted

per employee per week

Mining
and
quarrying

Food
products,
beverages
and
tobacco

Textiles,
leather and
clothing

Chemicals
and manmade bres

Basic metals
and metal
products

Engineering
and allied
industries

Other
manufacturing

Electricity,
gas and
water supply

Construction

JT7X
303
314

JT7Y
883
915

JT7Z
436
446

JT82
346
360

JT83
562
602

JT84
476
475

JT85
526
527

JT86
448
458

JT87
584
608

JT88
522
534

2007 Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

283
278
280
281
277

856
835
854
859
871

421
418
426
422
431

357
355
353
340
340

561
564
566
575
570

452
453
459
458
451

510
510
514
515
514

425
430
435
435
438

554
557
571
567
576

518
526
517
521
518

2008 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

289
299
302
303
304
303

875
878
859
862
888
900

418
431
436
435
434
438

344
355
343
344
345
342

566
565
550
565
557
566

479
469
465
475
476
478

518
518
530
531
527
526

443
447
450
445
448
449

569
569
584
569
571
569

509
518
513
523
521
528

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

298
302
310
313
306
310

881
882
895
887
883
910

435
434
435
437
443
452

345
343
347
349
354
346

563
550
566
564
562
570

481
477
478
479
486
474

529
525
520
527
529
529

448
444
449
450
454
449

583
618
585
583
598
604

525
511
527
530
530
527

2009 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

311
301
314
308
322
319

885
904
904
924
916
912

447
442
449
449
447
445

354
359
357
361
359
354

578
574
585
587
612
622

479
471
471
478
475
474

523
521
525
527
522
522

448
447
451
453
460
460

592
595
607
596
605
607

534
531
536
534
531
527

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

303
314
319
313
323
325

922
906
925
927
928
930

444
435
443
438
437
476

356
359
355
366
371
373

616
609
593
610
613
623

463
467
474
475
484
486

520
527
527
536
537
541

456
459
461
464
465
466

612
607
607
616
629
626

532
531
534
540
540
541

2010 Jan
Feb
Mar

321
309
318

905
937
927

475
457
469

379
370
392

620
620
617

478
505
509

536
536
543

476
471
479

622
620
640

544
539
544

Agriculture,
forestry
and
shing
Excluding bonuses

SIC 1992

2008
2009

Percentage change on the year

2008 Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

JT8R
6.7
11.5
11.8
8.9
11.9

JT8S
3.0
7.2
3.9
2.8
4.5

JT8T
3.1
4.1
2.6
5.0
4.9

JT8U
3.9
2.3
1.1
4.1
1.8

JT8V
2.0
0.4
0.4
2.3

JT8W
5.5
5.5
4.4
6.1
5.1

JT8X
2.9
2.0
2.5
2.7
2.9

JT8Y
4.5
4.4
3.4
4.4
2.5

JT8Z
11.6
5.0
2.1
5.5
4.9

JT92
1.4
0.2
2.5
1.7
1.7

2009 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

7.6
0.7
4.0
1.7
5.9
5.3

1.1
3.0
5.2
7.2
3.2
1.3

6.9
2.6
3.0
3.2
3.0
1.6

2.9
1.1
4.1
4.9
4.1
3.5

2.1
1.6
6.4
3.9
9.9
9.9

0.4
1.3
0.6
0.2
0.8

1.0
0.6
0.9
0.8
0.9
0.8

1.1

0.2
1.8
2.7
2.4

4.0
4.6
3.9
4.7
6.0
6.7

4.9
2.5
4.5
2.1
1.9
0.2

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

1.7
4.0
2.9

5.6
4.8

4.7
2.7
3.4
4.5
5.1
2.2

2.1
0.2
1.8
0.2
1.4
5.3

3.2
4.7
2.3
4.9
4.8
7.8

9.4
10.7
4.8
8.2
9.1
9.3

3.7
2.1
0.8
0.8
0.4
2.5

1.7
0.4
1.3
1.7
1.5
2.3

1.8
3.4
2.7
3.1
2.4
3.8

5.0
1.8
3.8
5.7
5.2
3.6

1.3
3.9
1.3
1.9
1.9
2.7

2010 Jan
Feb
Mar

3.2
2.7
1.3

2.3
3.7
2.5

6.3
3.4
4.5

7.1
3.1
9.8

7.3
8.0
5.5

0.2
7.2
8.1

2.5
2.9
3.4

6.3
5.4
6.2

5.1
4.2
5.4

1.9
1.5
1.5

110

Labour Market

7.23
continued

Average weekly earnings : by industry


Great Britain
Not seasonally adjusted

per employee per week


Financial
intermediation

Real estate
renting and
business
activities

Public
administration

Education

Health and
social work

Other
ser vices

Retail trade
and repairs

Hotels and
restaurants

Transpor t,
storage and
communication

JT89
472
480

JT8A
249
256

JT8B
209
209

JT8C
497
502

JT8D
656
686

JT8E
474
482

JT8F
496
509

JT8G
377
390

JT8H
383
392

JT8I
370
366

2007 Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

455
452
461
455
458

248
246
242
239
238

208
207
209
213
214

494
483
481
487
496

633
638
635
638
640

453
453
456
459
461

490
487
485
490
496

368
371
368
372
376

364
365
368
383
377

368
368
358
358
354

2008 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

470
466
472
473
471
471

247
243
247
256
252
250

206
206
214
207
210
209

492
493
500
502
501
501

636
646
654
654
653
662

461
465
464
471
469
475

496
497
490
496
494
494

366
367
368
372
373
372

377
376
377
381
379
380

368
367
376
369
374
369

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

470
468
475
473
474
478

248
251
252
249
245
248

208
212
210
209
204
211

490
492
494
499
497
499

671
657
653
663
659
667

479
484
480
480
481
479

495
496
495
495
507
503

375
378
382
381
395
393

385
392
385
387
389
391

378
378
366
367
366
367

2009 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

480
479
479
476
478
479

254
254
256
256
258
257

205
209
209
210
211
209

500
497
498
501
504
505

664
675
675
689
683
682

480
482
482
488
487
487

502
524
506
510
510
504

386
386
383
388
387
390

389
384
388
393
395
399

366
363
365
371
364
366

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

479
478
478
484
484
488

257
257
259
257
252
253

211
210
208
209
208
214

499
503
505
505
502
505

685
689
690
693
714
696

485
483
480
478
478
479

506
509
503
508
512
511

393
394
397
396
392
393

394
389
393
394
393
396

368
367
367
365
366
369

2010 Jan
Feb
Mar

484
479
486

261
259
264

210
215
215

503
502
511

699
718
723

483
484
487

519
520
518

389
388
389

391
395
392

386
370
370

Wholesale
trade
Excluding bonuses
SIC 1992

2008
2009

Percentage change on the year

2008 Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

JT93
2.9
5.1
2.6
4.2
4.4

JT94
1.2
2.4
2.9
2.5
4.2

JT95
1.9
1.4

4.2
1.4

JT96
0.4
2.3
3.7
2.1
0.6

JT97
3.8
2.4
4.4
3.3
4.2

JT98
6.8
6.0
5.3
4.8
3.9

JT99
1.2
1.6
2.1
3.5
1.4

JT9A
2.7
3.0
3.5
6.2
4.5

JT9B
7.7
5.5
5.2
1.6
3.7

JT9C
2.7
0.5
2.5
2.2
3.7

2009 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

2.1
2.8
1.5
0.6
1.5
1.7

2.8
4.5
3.6

2.4
2.8

0.5
1.5
2.3
1.4
0.5

1.6
0.8
0.4
0.2
0.6
0.8

4.4
4.5
3.2
5.4
4.6
3.0

4.1
3.7
3.9
3.6
3.8
2.5

1.2
5.4
3.3
2.8
3.2
2.0

5.5
5.2
4.1
4.3
3.8
4.8

3.2
2.1
2.9
3.1
4.2
5.0

0.5
1.1
2.9
0.5
2.7
0.8

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

1.9
2.1
0.6
2.3
2.1
2.1

3.6
2.4
2.8
3.2
2.9
2.0

1.4
0.9
1.0

2.0
1.4

1.8
2.2
2.2
1.2
1.0
1.2

2.1
4.9
5.7
4.5
8.3
4.3

1.3
0.2

0.4
0.6

2.2
2.6
1.6
2.6
1.0
1.6

4.8
4.2
3.9
3.9
0.8

2.3
0.8
2.1
1.8
1.0
1.3

2.6
2.9
0.3
0.5

0.5

2010 Jan
Feb
Mar

0.8

1.5

2.8
2.0
3.1

2.4
2.9
2.9

0.6
1.0
2.6

5.3
6.4
7.1

0.6
0.4
1.0

3.4
0.8
2.4

0.8
0.5
1.6

0.5
2.9
1.0

5.5
1.9
1.4

111

Labour Market

7.23
continued

Average weekly earnings : by industry


Great Britain
Not seasonally adjusted

per employee per week

Mining
and
quarrying

Food
products,
beverages
and
tobacco

Textiles,
leather and
clothing

Chemicals
and manmade bres

Basic metals
and metal
products

Engineering
and allied
industries

Other
manufacturing

Electricity,
gas and
water supply

Construction

KA5Z
310
321

KA64
996
1 013

KA67
460
466

KA6A
368
384

KA6D
600
641

KA6G
499
492

KA6J
547
548

KA6M
469
475

KA6P
622
652

KA6S
546
553

2007 Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

289
282
282
286
287

910
923
906
946
991

427
437
437
429
461

382
391
368
357
362

576
591
582
588
613

462
468
480
479
504

520
519
525
531
549

438
440
450
452
473

576
582
595
593
591

532
555
538
555
584

2008 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

297
300
311
308
308
305

957
987
1 384
965
951
999

428
469
488
457
482
456

369
370
374
355
356
402

586
603
696
667
569
593

499
491
492
506
497
495

534
556
591
546
544
543

458
466
492
466
470
469

587
594
697
628
598
627

531
539
561
541
539
548

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

300
309
318
316
308
346

957
920
972
932
943
984

462
442
458
446
450
479

357
350
364
369
369
378

580
558
576
575
588
607

520
492
489
507
497
501

543
535
532
538
540
564

471
457
461
465
468
483

629
635
621
604
623
619

541
527
553
547
553
567

2009 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

318
311
321
311
323
321

1 004
995
1 298
1 031
972
972

457
458
520
465
456
460

369
375
387
378
374
452

596
607
753
711
622
644

497
493
505
499
489
489

539
556
587
554
537
535

460
460
487
468
473
476

617
625
731
651
633
673

547
546
576
553
543
543

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

313
316
326
318
326
352

969
970
967
981
977
1 024

459
442
464
447
448
511

367
365
365
375
389
411

631
615
601
622
625
669

484
475
480
486
507
506

533
536
537
545
547
568

474
472
474
479
479
494

667
631
634
643
663
651

548
543
550
555
560
574

2010 Jan
Feb
Mar

325
330
330

993
1 092
1 586

484
472
580

402
390
435

644
682
825

499
533
593

548
566
610

492
495
529

649
648
772

560
554
614

Agriculture,
forestry
and
shing
Including bonuses

SIC 1992

2008
2009

Percentage change on the year

2008 Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

JT9D
6.9
12.8
12.1
7.7
20.6

JT9E
1.1
5.3
2.9
0.3
0.7

JT9F
3.5
4.8
2.1
4.9
3.9

JT9G
8.4
6.9
0.3
3.4
4.4

JT9H
3.1
2.5
1.2

1.0

JT9I
6.5
4.5
5.6
3.8
0.6

JT9J
2.9
2.5
2.5
1.7
2.7

JT9K
4.3
4.8
3.3
3.5
2.1

JT9L
10.2
6.7
1.5
5.1
4.7

JT9M
0.9
0.4
1.7
0.4
2.9

2009 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

7.1
3.7
3.2
1.0
4.9
5.2

4.9
0.8
6.2
6.8
2.2
2.7

6.8
2.3
6.6
1.8
5.4
0.9

1.4
3.5
6.5
5.1
12.4

1.7
0.7
8.2
6.6
9.3
8.6

0.4
0.4
2.6
1.4
1.6
1.2

0.9

0.7
1.5
1.3
1.5

0.4
1.3
1.0
0.4
0.6
1.5

5.1
5.2
4.9
3.7
5.9
7.3

3.0
1.3
2.7
2.2
0.7
0.9

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

4.3
2.3
2.5
0.6
5.8
1.7

1.3
5.4
0.5
5.3
3.6
4.1

0.6

1.3
0.2
0.4
6.7

2.8
4.3
0.3
1.6
5.4
8.7

8.8
10.2
4.3
8.2
6.3
10.2

6.9
3.5
1.8
4.1
2.0
1.0

1.8
0.2
0.9
1.3
1.3
0.7

0.6
3.3
2.8
3.0
2.4
2.3

6.0
0.6
2.1
6.5
6.4
5.2

1.3
3.0
0.5
1.5
1.3
1.2

2010 Jan
Feb
Mar

2.2
6.1
2.8

1.1
9.7
22.2

5.9
3.1
11.5

8.9
4.0
12.4

8.1
12.4
9.6

0.4
8.1
17.4

1.7
1.8
3.9

7.0
7.6
8.6

5.2
3.7
5.6

2.4
1.5
6.6

112

Labour Market

7.23
continued

Average weekly earnings : by industry


Great Britain
Not seasonally adjusted

per employee per week


Financial
intermediation

Real estate
renting and
business
activities

Public
administration

Education

Health and
social work

Other
ser vices

Retail trade
and repairs

Hotels and
restaurants

Transpor t,
storage and
communication

KA6V
517
520

KA6Y
264
271

KA73
214
214

KA76
525
526

KA79
970
886

KA7C
507
512

KA7F
500
511

KA7I
378
391

KA7L
384
393

KA7O
387
383

2007 Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

486
487
495
502
512

259
259
259
252
252

212
210
214
219
224

511
494
492
502
531

714
739
681
707
780

482
479
480
484
508

502
488
486
495
506

369
372
369
373
378

365
366
369
383
377

386
382
372
375
378

2008 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

516
530
558
513
504
518

258
259
277
276
270
267

209
216
225
210
218
212

505
519
534
521
564
571

1 402
1 984
1 390
740
785
801

490
498
525
506
498
507

497
498
492
499
495
496

367
368
369
373
374
373

377
377
378
381
379
381

387
383
406
385
384
385

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

510
501
505
502
521
526

264
262
261
261
257
261

212
215
212
211
209
216

510
513
505
512
511
531

744
724
752
736
706
870

521
514
502
507
503
516

505
507
498
496
511
510

377
379
383
382
396
394

386
393
385
388
390
391

396
394
377
378
378
389

2009 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

520
541
551
511
508
514

266
273
282
274
273
276

207
216
214
213
218
212

512
513
537
525
564
549

1 028
1 235
1 182
807
761
851

508
517
539
517
513
513

503
527
507
511
511
505

387
386
384
389
388
390

390
385
389
394
396
399

386
379
394
387
376
380

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

512
507
505
512
522
536

273
271
269
271
265
264

214
212
210
212
214
220

514
521
516
516
517
525

757
751
788
756
783
927

513
505
502
499
499
515

509
512
504
509
515
521

394
396
398
397
393
394

395
389
394
395
394
397

388
378
376
376
383
388

2010 Jan
Feb
Mar

527
539
621

275
283
311

214
223
222

515
522
564

895
1 709
1 337

509
519
557

520
521
521

390
389
390

392
396
393

405
389
422

Wholesale
trade
Including bonuses
SIC 1992

2008
2009

Percentage change on the year

2008 Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

JT9N
3.1
3.7
1.4
3.8
2.7

JT9O
1.2
0.8
0.8
2.0
3.6

JT9P
1.4
1.0
1.4
4.6
3.6

JT9Q
0.4
2.2
4.1
1.8

JT9R
1.4
1.8
8.1
0.1
11.5

JT9S
6.6
4.8
5.6
3.9
1.6

JT9T
1.0
2.0
2.1
3.2
0.8

JT9U
2.7
3.0
3.5
6.2
4.2

JT9V
7.7
5.2
5.1
1.8
3.7

JT9W
2.1
1.3
1.6
0.8
2.9

2009 Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun

0.8
2.1
1.3
0.4
0.8
0.8

3.1
5.4
1.8
0.7
1.1
3.4

1.0

4.9
1.4

1.4
1.2
0.6
0.8

3.9

26.7
37.8
15.0
9.1
3.1
6.2

3.7
3.8
2.7
2.2
3.0
1.2

1.2
5.8
3.0
2.4
3.2
1.8

5.4
4.9
4.1
4.3
3.7
4.6

3.4
2.1
2.9
3.4
4.5
4.7

0.3
1.0
3.0
0.5
2.1
1.3

Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

0.4
1.2

2.0
0.2
1.9

3.4
3.4
3.1
3.8
3.1
1.1

0.9
1.4
0.9
0.5
2.4
1.9

0.8
1.6
2.2
0.8
1.2
1.1

1.7
3.7
4.8
2.7
10.9
6.6

1.5
1.8

1.6
0.8
0.2

0.8
1.0
1.2
2.6
0.8
2.2

4.5
4.5
3.9
3.9
0.8

2.3
1.0
2.3
1.8
1.0
1.5

2.0
4.1
0.3
0.5
1.3
0.3

2010 Jan
Feb
Mar

1.3
0.4
12.7

3.4
3.7
10.3

3.4
3.2
3.7

0.6
1.8
5.0

12.9
38.4
13.1

0.2
0.4
3.3

3.4
1.1
2.8

0.8
0.8
1.6

0.5
2.9
1.0

4.9
2.6
7.1

1 See chapter text.

Source: Office for National Statistics: 01633 819024

113

Labour Market

7.24

Median1 Gross weekly and hourly earnings of full-time employees2 by sex:


United Kingdom
At April

Gross weekly earnings

Gross hourly earnings

Lowest
decile

Lower
quartile

Median

Upper
quartile

Highest
decile

Lowest
decile

Lower
quartile

Median

Upper
quartile

Highest
decile

C5U9
243.8
252.9
262.2
270.6

C5UC
315.2
325.8
338.8
347.5

C5UF
443.6
457.6
479.1
488.7

C5UI
630.5
650.5
677.9
692.8

C5UL
881.6
907.1
950.7
971.0

C5UO
6.24
6.47
6.67
6.95

C5UR
7.93
8.22
8.51
8.83

C5UU
11.12
11.47
11.98
12.43

C5V2
16.39
16.87
17.59
18.19

C5UX
23.49
24.17
25.12
25.90

C5UA
264.5
274.0
283.0
290.8

C5UD
346.0
358.0
371.5
379.5

C5UG
484.3
498.3
522.0
531.1

C5UJ
687.5
706.0
737.7
752.7

C5UM
980.5
1 008.1
1 055.5
1 080.4

C5UP
6.50
6.73
6.96
7.21

C5US
8.37
8.65
8.95
9.25

C5UV
11.76
12.09
12.63
13.09

C5V3
17.38
17.89
18.69
19.28

C5UY
25.64
26.40
27.54
28.40

C5UB
226.3
233.5
241.0
250.4

C5UE
282.1
289.8
302.9
313.0

C5UH
383.3
394.8
412.4
426.4

C5UK
550.0
565.4
590.8
612.9

C5UN
724.9
749.0
777.9
812.2

C5UQ
5.98
6.18
6.37
6.63

C5UT
7.42
7.67
7.95
8.28

C5UW
10.16
10.48
10.94
11.42

C5V4
14.92
15.33
16.01
16.62

C5UZ
20.39
20.95
21.65
22.64

All employees
2006
2007
2008
2009
Male employees
2006
2007
2008
2009
Female employees
2006
2007
2008
2009

1 Median values are less affected by extremes of earnings at either ends of


the scale with half the employees earning above the stated amount and half
below.
2 Data relate to full-time employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey
pay-period was not affected by absence.

114

Sources: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings;


Office for National Statistics: 01633 456120

Labour Market

7.25

Median1

weekly and hourly earnings of full-time


United Kingdom

emloyees:2

by age group:

April 2006 to 2009

Full time employees on adult rates whose pay was unaffected by absence

18-21

22-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60+

All ages

JRG9
250.6
265.5
271.6
277.7

JRH2
376.5
387.8
400.0
407.5

JRH3
496.1
509.0
532.7
541.7

JRH4
502.5
517.3
539.9
550.6

JEH5
465.4
479.1
504.1
514.1

JRH6
400.0
418.7
437.5
447.4

JRH7
443.6
457.6
479.1
488.7

JRH8
261.5
275.9
280.0
285.5

JRH9
390.6
402.5
416.7
421.6

JRI2
525.0
539.0
566.3
571.1

JRI3
558.7
574.9
599.1
605.9

JRI4
516.0
534.4
563.6
569.7

JRI5
421.6
440.9
462.6
470.5

JRI6
484.3
498.3
522.0
531.1

JRI7
240.4
254.3
258.8
268.3

JRI8
362.7
374.1
384.7
392.9

JRI9
444.0
460.6
480.9
497.5

JRJ2
410.2
420.3
437.3
457.7

JRJ3
385.0
395.6
419.7
434.1

JRJ4
343.7
356.1
376.4
383.2

JRJ5
383.3
394.8
412.4
426.4

JRJ6
6.31
6.60
6.75
7.00

JRJ7
9.50
9.80
10.12
10.44

JRJ8
12.43
12.77
13.34
13.80

JRJ9
12.49
12.77
13.31
13.84

JRK2
11.50
11.87
12.53
12.95

JRK3
9.72
10.09
10.57
11.00

JRK4
11.03
11.36
11.88
12.34

JRK5
6.37
6.65
6.85
7.06

JRK6
9.51
9.80
10.13
10.47

JRK7
12.78
13.10
13.70
14.15

JRK8
13.46
13.77
14.37
14.96

JRK9
12.28
12.79
13.52
13.90

JRL2
9.96
10.31
10.89
11.28

JRL3
11.64
11.97
12.50
12.97

JRL4
6.24
6.55
6.64
6.94

JRL5
9.48
9.79
10.12
10.40

JRL6
11.87
12.28
12.78
13.27

JRL7
10.95
11.14
11.57
12.20

JRL8
10.24
10.54
11.10
11.55

JRL9
9.17
9.48
9.82
10.25

JRM2
10.14
10.48
10.92
11.39

Median gross weekly earnings


All
2006
2007
2008
2009
Men
2006
2007
2008
2009
Women
2006
2007
2008
2009

Median hourly earnings(excluding overtime)


All
2006
2007
2008
2009
Men
2006
2007
2008
2009
Women
2006
2007
2008
2009

1 Median values are less affected by extremes of earnings at either ends of


the scale with half the employees earning above the stated amount and half
below.
2 Data relate to full-time employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey
pay-period was not affected by absence.

Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings: 01633 456120

115

Labour Market

7.26

Trade unions1
United Kingdom
Year ending 31st March2

Number of trade unions


Analysis by number of members:
Under 100 members
100 and under 500
500 and under 1,000
1,000 and under 2,500
2,500 and under 5,000
5,000 and under 10,000
10,000 and under 15,000
15,000 and under 25,000
25,000 and under 50,000
50,000 and under 100,000
100,000 and under 250,000
250,000 and over
All sizes
Membership
Analysis by size of union:
Under 100 members
100 and under 500
500 and under 1,000
1,000 and under 2,500
2,500 and under 5,000
5,000 and under 10,000
10,000 and under 15,000
15,000 and under 25,000
25,000 and under 50,000
50,000 and under 100,000
100,000 and under 250,000
250,000 and over
All sizes
Total membership (thousands)

Percentages
2000
/01

2001
/02

2002
/03

2003
/04

2004
/05

2005
/06

2006
/07

2007
/08

2008
/09

KCLB

237

226

216

213

206

193

192

193

185

KCLC
KCLD
KCLE
KCLF
KCLG
KCLH
KCLI
KCLJ
KCLK
KCLL
KCLM
KCLN

18.60
20.70
9.30
14.30
9.70
5.10
1.70
4.20
7.60
2.10
2.10
4.60

22.10
18.10
9.30
12.40
9.30
5.30
1.80
5.30
6.60
2.70
2.20
4.90

19.00
18.50
11.60
10.20
11.60
4.20
2.80
6.00
6.50
2.30
2.30
5.10

20.70
18.80
10.30
10.80
10.80
4.70
3.30
4.20
7.00
1.90
2.80
4.70

19.90
17.50
10.70
11.70
10.70
5.30
2.40
4.90
7.30
2.40
2.40
4.90

17.60
20.70
9.30
13.00
10.90
5.70
2.10
4.10
7.80
1.60
2.60
4.70

17.70
18.20
9.90
12.50
11.50
6.30
1.60
4.70
8.90
1.60
2.60
4.70

17.10
19.20
10.90
11.40
12.40
6.20
1.60
4.10
8.30
1.00
3.10
4.70

17.80
17.30
13.00
10.80
12.40
5.90
1.10
4.90
8.10
1.10
3.20
4.30

KCLP

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

KCLQ
KCLR
KCLS
KCLT
KCLU
KCLV
KCLW
KCLX
KCLY
KCLZ
KCMA
KCMB

0.20
0.20
0.70
1.10
1.20
0.70
2.30
7.80
3.80
10.00
72.10

0.20
0.20
0.60
1.00
1.10
0.60
2.90
6.60
4.60
9.80
72.40

0.20
0.20
0.50
1.20
0.90
0.90
3.30
6.30
4.00
9.60
73.00

0.20
0.20
0.50
1.10
0.90
1.10
2.20
6.70
3.10
10.20
73.90

0.10
0.20
0.50
1.00
1.10
0.80
2.50
6.90
4.40
9.00
73.30

0.10
0.20
0.60
1.00
1.20
0.60
1.90
7.10
2.60
10.60
74.10

0.10
0.20
0.50
1.00
1.20
0.50
2.20
8.10
2.70
10.60
72.90

0.10
0.20
0.50
1.10
1.20
0.50
2.00
7.40
1.80
12.20
73.00

0.10
0.20
0.40
1.00
1.10
0.30
2.30
7.00
1.80
12.20
73.50

KCMC

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

KCMD

7 897 519

7 779 393

7 750 990

7 735 983

7 559 062

7 473 000

7 602 842

7 627 693

7 656 156

1 See chapter text.


2 Data derived from trade union annual returns with periods which ended between October and September each year. The majority, however, ended

116

in December. In the case of year 2004/05, for example, the data derived from
annual returns with periods which ended between October 2004 and September 2005 - approximately 73% ended in December.
Source: Certification Office

Personal income, expenditure and wealth

Chapter 8

Personal income,
expenditure and
wealth



Personal income, expenditure and wealth

Personal income,
expenditure and
wealth
Distribution of total incomes
(Table 8.1)
The information shown in Table 8.1 comes from the Survey
of Personal Incomes for the nancial years from 2000/01 to
2007/08. This is an annual survey that covers approximately
600,000 individuals across the whole of the UK. It is based on
administrative data held by HMRC ofces on individuals who
could be liable to tax.
The table relates only to those individuals who are taxpayers.
The distributions cover only incomes as computed for tax
purposes and above a level which for each year corresponds
approximately to the single persons allowance. Incomes
below these levels are not shown because the information
about them is incomplete.
Some components of Investment income (for example,
interest and dividends) from which tax has been deducted
at source is not always held on HMRC business systems.
Estimates of missing bank and building society interest and
dividends from UK companies are included in these tables. The
missing investment income is distributed to cases so that the
population as a whole has amounts consistent with evidence
from other sources. For example, amounts of tax accounted
for by deposit takers and the propensity to hold interest
bearing accounts as indicated by household surveys.
Superannuation contributions are estimated and included in
total income. They have been distributed among earners in
the Survey of Personal Incomes sample by a method consistent
with information about the number of employees who are
contracted in or out of the State Earnings Related Pension
Scheme and the proportion of their earnings contributed.
When comparing results of these surveys across years, it
should be noted that the Survey of Personal Incomes is not a
longitudinal survey. However, sample sizes have increased in
recent years to increase precision.



Average incomes of households


(Table 8.2)
Original income is the total income in cash of all the members
of the household before receipt of state benets or the
deduction of taxes. It includes income from employment, selfemployment, investment income and occupational pensions.
Gross income is original income plus cash benets received
from government (retirement pensions, child benet, etc).
Disposal income is the income available for consumption.
It is equal to gross income less direct taxes which include
income tax, national insurance contributions, and council
tax. By further allowing for taxes paid on goods and services
purchased, such as VAT, an estimate of post-tax income is
derived. These income gures are derived from estimates
made by the Ofce for National Statistics, based largely on
information from the Living Costs and Food Survey (LCF), and
published each year in Economic & Labour Market Review,
and available on the Ofce for National Statistics website.
For the purposes of table 8.2, a retired household is dened
as one where the combined income of retired members
amounts to at least half the total gross income of the
household, where a retired person is dened as anyone who
describes themselves as retired or anyone over the minimum
National Insurance (NI) pension age describing themselves
as unoccupied or sick or injured but not intending to seek
work.
Children are dened as persons under 16 or aged between
16 and 18, unmarried and receiving full-time non-advanced
further education.

Living Costs and Food Survey


(Tables 8.3 to 8.5)
The Living Costs and Food Survey (LCF) is a sample survey
of 11,484 private households in the UK, with an achieved
response of around 5,845 private households. The survey,
formerly the Expenditure and Food Survey (EFS), was renamed
in 2008. The LCF sample is representative of all regions of
the UK and of different types of households. The survey is
continuous with interviews spread evenly over the year to
ensure that estimates are not biased by seasonal variation.
The survey results show how households spend their money
how much goes on food, clothing and so on how
spending patterns vary depending upon income, household
composition, and regional location of households. From
January 2006 the survey has been conducted on a calendar
year basis; therefore the latest results refer to the January to
December 2008 period.

Personal income, expenditure and wealth

One of the main purposes of the LCF is to dene the basket


of goods for the Retail Prices Index (RPI) and the Consumer
Prices Index (CPI). The RPI has a vital role in the up-rating of
state pensions and welfare benets, while the CPI is a key
instrument pf the Governments monetary policy. Information
from the survey is also a major source for estimates of
household expenditure in the UK National Accounts. In
addition, many other government departments use LCF
data as a basis for policy making, for example in the areas
of housing and transport. The Department for Environment,
Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) uses LCF data to report on
trends in food consumption and nutrient intake within the
UK. Users of the LCF outside government include independent
research institutes, academic researchers and business and
market researchers. Like all surveys based on a sample of the
population, its results are subject to sampling variability and
potentially to some bias due to non-response. The results of
the survey are published in an annual report, the latest being
Family Spending 2009 edition. The report includes a list of
denitions used in the survey, items on which information is
collected and a brief account of the eldwork procedure.



Personal income, expenditure and wealth

8.1

Distribution of total income before and after tax


United Kingdom
Years ending 5 April
2004/2005 Annual Survey

2005/06 Annual Survey

million
Number of
individuals
(Thousands)

Total income
before tax

Total tax

million
Total income
after tax

Lower limit of
range of income
All incomes1

Number of
individuals
(Thousands)

Total income
before tax

Total tax

Total income
after tax

31 100

756 000

138 000

618 000

Lower limit of
range of income

30 300

691 000

123 000

568 000

Income before tax


()

All incomes1
Income before tax
()

4 745
5 000
6 000
8 000

329
1 110
2 760
2 950

1 600
6 090
19 500
26 500

4
80
600
1 600

1 600
6 010
18 900
24 900

4 895
5 000
6 000
8 000

112
1 040
2 540
2 920

555
5 750
18 000
26 200

62
522
1 450

555
5 690
17 500
24 800

10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000
18 000

2 760
2 470
2 280
2 050
1 790

30 300
32 100
34 200
34 800
34 100

2 580
3 350
4 080
4 520
4 720

27 700
28 700
30 100
30 300
29 300

10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000
18 000

2 810
2 550
2 340
2 100
1 880

30 900
33 100
35 000
35 700
35 700

2 500
3 380
4 140
4 610
4 930

24 800
29 700
30 900
31 100
30 800

20 000
30 000
50 000
100 000
200 000 and over

6 000
4 090
1 270
300
111

146 000
152 000
83 700
40 000
49 500

22 700
27 300
21 600
12 600
17 300

124 000
125 000
62 100
27 400
32 200

20 000
30 000
50 000
100 000
200 000 and over

6 200
4 540
1 500
366
144

152 000
170 000
98 800
49 300
66 000

23 400
29 900
25 000
15 300
22 900

128 000
140 000
73 700
34 000
43 000

Income after tax


()

Income after tax


()

4 745
5 000
6 000
8 000

364
1 220
3 270
3 600

1 770
6 830
24 100
34 800

5
98
902
2 510

1 1770
6 730
23 200
32 300

4 895
5 000
6 000
8 000

129
1 160
3 000
3 590

636
6 500
22 000
34 600

1
77
767
2 300

636
6 420
21 300
32 300

10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000
18 000

3 280
2 920
2 540
2 180
1 850

40 000
43 000
43 700
43 200
41 400

3 920
5 050
5 730
6 090
6 210

36 000
37 900
38 000
37 100
35 200

10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000
18 000

3 390
3 020
2 650
2 260
1 850

41 100
44 300
45 600
44 600
41 300

3 890
5 120
5 940
6 270
6 140

37 200
39 200
39 600
38 300
35 100

20 000
30 000
50 000
100 000
200 000 and over

5 320
2 840
681
143
53

154 000
131 000
63 200
28 400
35 500

25 100
27 100
18 300
9 420
12 500

129 000
104 000
44 800
19 000
23 000

20 000
30 000
50 000
100 000
200 000 and over

5 630
3 310
817
188
69

163 000
152 000
75 500
37 100
47 900

26 400
30 700
21 600
12 100
16 800

137 000
121 000
53 900
24 900
31 000

120

Personal income, expenditure and wealth

8.1
continued

Distribution of total income before and after tax


United Kingdom
Years ending 5 April
2006/07 Annual Survey

2007/08 Annual Survey

million
Number of
individuals
(Thousands)

Total income
before tax

Total tax

million
Total income
after tax

Lower limit of
range of income
All incomes1

Number of
individuals
(Thousands)

Total income
before tax

Total tax

Total income
after tax

32 500

870 000

163 000

708 000

Lower limit of
range of income

31 800

810 000

150 000

661 000

Income before tax


()

All incomes1
Income before tax
()

5 035
6 000
8 000

919
2 440
2 920

5 090
17 200
26 200

43
451
1 330

5 050
16 800
24 900

5 225
6 000
8 000

719
2 210
2 760

4 050
15 600
24 800

27
371
1 140

4 020
15 200
23 700

10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000
18 000

2 790
2 570
2 400
2 140
1 970

30 600
33 400
36 000
36 300
37 300

2 390
3 310
4 180
4 630
5 110

28 200
30 100
31 800
31 700
32 200

10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000
18 000

2 720
2 650
2 420
2 220
2 020

30 000
34 400
36 300
37 800
38 400

2 190
3 230
4 050
4 690
5 140

27 800
31 100
32 200
33 100
33 200

20 000
30 000
50 000
100 000
200 000 and over

6 530
4 900
1 670
406
170

160 000
184 000
110 000
54 700
79 700

24 460
32 000
27 400
16 700
27 400

135 000
152 000
82 600
38 000
52 300

20 000
30 000
50 000
100 000
200 000 and over

6 850
5 340
1 900
456
192

168 000
201 000
125 000
61 600
93 900

25 500
34 500
30 700
18 800
32 400

142 000
167 000
94 100
42 800
61 500

802
2 540
3 390

4 550
18 500
32 300

34
512
1 800

4 520
18 000
30 500

Income after tax


()
5 035
6 000
8 000

1 040
2 860
3 550

5 800
20 900
34 000

55
656
2 090

5 750
20 200
31 900

Income after tax


()
5 225
6 000
8 000

10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000
18 000

3 410
3 120
2 710
2 370
1 920

41 200
45 600
46 700
46 800
42 700

3 770
5 160
5 990
6 530
6 320

37 500
40 500
40 700
40 200
36 400

10 000
12 000
14 000
16 000
18 000

3 430
3 160
2 820
2 470
2 030

41 300
45 900
48 300
48 500
45 100

3 560
4 950
6 010
6 610
6 550

37 700
41 000
42 300
41 800
38 500

20 000
30 000
50 000
100 000
200 000 and over

5 980
3 650
914
220
82

173 000
168 000
83 800
43 300
58 600

28 000
33 200
23 600
13 900
20 200

145 000
134 000
60 200
29 400
38 300

20 000
30 000
50 000
100 000
200 000 and over

6 370
4 080
1 040
247
95

184 000
188 000
95 200
48 400
70 600

29 600
36 400
26 600
15 600
24 600

155 000
151 000
68 600
32 800
46 100

1 See chapter text. All gures have been independently rounded.

Sources: Survey of Personal Incomes;


Board of HM Revenue & Customs: 020 7438 7055

121

Personal income, expenditure and wealth

8.2

Average incomes of households before and after taxes and benefits,1 2007/08
United Kingdom
Retired households

Number of households in
the population (thousands)

Non-retired households
3 or
more
adults
with
children

All
households

2 adults

3 or
more
adults

1 adult
with
children

2 adults
with
1 child

2 adults
with 2
children

2 adults
with 3
or more
children

3 521

5 834

1 953

1 445

1 830

2 172

784

1107

25 289

21 345
23 763
18 240
15 065

43 156
45 190
34 387
28 648

48 908
51 848
40 965
32 989

11 038
18 921
16 784
13 269

40 861
43 669
33 835
28 056

51 449
54 714
41 908
35 038

40 483
47 176
38 224
31 962

48 391
54 094
43 634
35 699

30 390
35 164
27 769
22 865

1 adult

2 or
more
adults

1 adult

3 580

3 063

5 092
12 847
11 445
9 588

13 095
23 431
19 909
15 714

Average per household


( per year)
Original income
Gross income
Disposable income
Post-tax income

1 See chapter text. Figures taken from the article "Effects of taxes and benets on household income, 2007/08", published on the National Statistics
website www.statistics.gov.uk/taxesbenefits

8.3

Sources: Office for National Statistics: 01633 455951;


household.income.and.expenditure@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Sources of gross household income


United Kingdom
1997
/98

Weighted number of households (thousands) GH92


Number of households supplying data
KPDA

1998
/99

1999
/00

2000
/01

20011
/02

2002
/03

2003
/04

2004
/05

20052
/06

20063

2007

2008

24 560 24 660 25 330 25 030 24 450 24 350 24 670 24 430 24 800 25 440 25 350 25 690
6 409 6 630 7 097 6 637 7 473 6 927 7 048 6 798 6 785 6 650 6 140 5 850

Average weekly household


income by source ()
Wages and salaries
Self-employment
Investments
Annuities and pensions (other
than social security benets)
Social security benets4
Other sources
Total5

KPCB
KPCC
KPCD
KPCE
KPCF
KPCH
KPCI

280.20 309.20 315.40 336.70 369.30 373.90 383.90 409.70 414.80 428.20 444.90 476.30
32.90 37.20 46.00 44.50 43.10 44.50 49.80 49.00 50.80 55.20 53.50 66.10
18.70 18.80 21.80 20.00 20.00 18.80 16.70 16.50 19.50 20.90 23.20 27.80
28.90
55.00
5.20

30.30
55.80
5.70

32.80
58.00
5.90

35.00
60.10
6.20

37.00
64.50
6.70

39.90
68.50
6.70

40.90
72.50
6.40

41.70
76.90
6.90

45.50
78.00
7.40

44.40
79.40
6.50

47.60
83.30
7.00

48.70
88.70
5.50

420.80 457.00 479.90 502.50 540.60 552.30 570.30 600.70 615.90 634.70 659.40 713.10

Sources of household income as a


percentage of total household income

Wages and salaries


Self-employment
Investments
Annuities and pensions (other
than social security benets)
Social security benets4
Other sources
Total5

KPCJ
KPCK
KPCL

67
8
4

68
8
4

66
10
5

67
9
4

68
8
4

68
8
3

67
9
3

68
8
3

67
8
3

67
9
3

67
8
4

67
9
4

KPCM
KPCN
KPCP

7
13
1

7
12
1

7
12
1

7
12
1

7
12
1

7
12
1

7
13
1

7
13
1

7
13
1

7
13
1

7
13
1

7
12
1

KPCQ

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1 From 2001/02 onwards, weighting is based on the population estimates


from the 2001 census.
2 From 1995/96 to 2005, gures shown are based on weighted data, including childrens expenditure, using non-response weights based on the 1991
Census and population gures from the 1991 and 2001 Census.
3 From 2006, gures shown are based on weighted data, including childrens
expenditure, using updated weights, with non-response weights and population gures based on the 2001 Census.
4 Excluding housing benet and council tax benet (rates rebate in Northern
Ireland) and their predecessors in earlier years.
5 Does not include imputed income from owner-occupied and rent-free occupancy.

122

Sources: Living Costs and Food Survey;


(previously Expenditure and Food Survey);
Office for National Statistics;
01633 455282

Personal income, expenditure and wealth

8.4

Household expenditure based on FES classification1


United Kingdom
1997
/98

Weighted number of households (thousands) GH92


Number of households supplying data
KPDA

1998
/99

1999
/00

2000
/01

20012
/02

2002
/03

2003
/04

2004
/05

20053
/06

20064

2007

2008

24 560 24 660 25 330 25 030 24 450 24 350 24 670 24 430 24 800 25 440 25 350 25 690
6 409 6 630 7 097 6 637 7 473 6 927 7 048 6 798 6 785 6 650 6 140 5 850

Average weekly household expenditure on commodities and services ()


Housing (NET)5
Fuel and power
Food and non-alcoholic drinks
Alcoholic drink
Tobacco
Clothing and footwear
Household goods
Household services
Personal goods and services
Motoring
Fares and other travel costs
Leisure goods
Leisure services
Miscellaneous
Total

KPEV
KPEW
KPEX
KPEY
KPEZ
KCWC
KCWH
KCWI
KCWJ
KCWK
KCWL
KCWM
KCWN
KCWO
KCWP

51.50
12.70
55.90
13.30
6.10
20.00
26.90
17.90
12.50
46.60
8.10
16.40
38.80
2.00

57.20
11.70
58.90
14.00
5.80
21.70
29.60
18.90
13.30
51.70
8.30
17.80
41.90
1.20

57.00
11.30
59.60
15.30
6.00
21.00
30.70
18.90
13.90
52.60
9.20
18.50
43.90
1.40

63.90
11.90
61.90
15.00
6.10
22.00
32.60
22.00
14.70
55.10
9.50
19.70
50.60
0.70

65.90
11.70
61.90
14.30
5.50
22.30
33.00
23.60
14.90
57.90
9.30
19.60
51.90
1.90

66.70
11.70
64.30
14.80
5.40
22.00
33.80
23.30
15.20
61.70
9.70
20.50
53.60
2.00

69.90
12.00
64.90
14.70
5.50
22.40
35.10
24.90
16.20
62.40
9.60
21.40
55.00
1.90

76.70
12.50
67.30
14.80
5.00
23.50
35.60
26.30
16.00
62.60
9.50
21.40
59.60
2.00

80.90
13.90
67.90
14.80
4.50
22.40
33.50
27.10
16.90
63.80
11.10
19.40
63.00
2.20

83.20
15.80
69.60
14.70
4.70
22.60
34.00
26.40
17.50
61.10
11.00
19.40
65.30
2.10

92.00
17.20
71.40
14.70
4.60
21.60
34.60
26.50
17.80
62.00
10.90
20.10
61.70
1.90

94.00
18.90
74.50
13.40
4.60
21.20
34.00
27.30
17.20
63.60
14.20
19.00
65.90
2.00

328.80 352.20 359.40 385.70 393.90 404.70 415.70 432.90 441.40 447.40 456.80 469.70

Expenditure on commodity or service as a percentage of total expenditure


Housing (NET)5
Fuel and power
Food and non-alcoholic drinks
Alcoholic drink
Tobacco
Clothing and footwear
Household goods
Household services
Personal goods and services
Motoring
Fares and other travel costs
Leisure goods
Leisure services
Miscellaneous
Total

KPFH
KPFI
KPFJ
KPFK
KPFL
KPFM
KCWQ
KCWR
KCWS
KCWT
KCWU
KCWV
KCWW
KPFR

16
4
17
4
2
6
8
5
4
14
2
5
12
1

16
3
17
4
2
6
8
5
4
15
2
5
12

16
3
17
4
2
6
9
5
4
15
3
5
12

17
3
16
4
2
6
8
6
4
14
2
5
13

17
3
16
4
1
6
8
6
4
15
2
5
13

16
3
16
4
1
5
8
6
4
15
2
5
13

17
3
16
4
1
5
8
6
4
15
2
5
13

18
3
16
3
1
5
8
6
4
14
2
5
14

18
3
15
3
1
5
8
6
4
14
3
4
14

19
4
16
3
1
5
8
6
4
14
2
4
15

20
4
16
3
1
5
8
6
4
14
2
4
13

20
4
16
3
1
5
7
6
4
14
3
4
14

KPFS

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1 Data are based on the Family Expenditure Survey (FES) classication and
not the Expenditure and Food Survey (EFS) standard classication: Classication of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP). This has been
done to preserve an historical time-series, as COICOP data are only available from 2001/02.
2 From 2001/02 onwards, commodities and services are based on COICOP
codes broadly mapped to FES.
3 From 1995/96 to 2005, gures shown are based on weighted data, including childrens expenditure, using non-response weights based on the 1991
Census and population gures from the 1991 and 2001 Census.

4 From 2006, gures shown are based on weighted data, including childrens expenditure, using updated weights, with non-response weights and population
gures based on the 2001 Census.
5 An improvement to the imputation of mortgage interest payments has been implemented for 2007 and 2007 data which should lead to more accurate gures.
This will lead to a slight discontinuity. An error was discovered in the derivation
of mortgage capital repayments which was leading to double counting.
Sources: Living Costs and Food Survey;
(previously Expenditure and Food Survey);
Office for National Statistics;
01633 455282

123

Personal income, expenditure and wealth

8.5

Percentage of households with certain durable goods


United Kingdom
Percentages
1997
/98

Weighted number of households (thousands) GH


Number of households supplying data
KP A

Car/van
One
Two
Three or more
Central heating, full or
par tial
Washing machine
Tumble dryer
Fridge/freezer
or deep freezer
Dishwasher
Microwave
Telephone
Mobile phone
Home computer
Video recorder
DVD player
CD player
Digital television service4
Internet connection

1998
/99

2000
/01

2001
/02

2002
/03

2003
/04

2004
/05

2005
/06

2006

2007

2008

24 560 24 660 25 330 25 030 24 450 24 350 24 670 24 430 24 800 25 440 25 350 25 690
6 409 6 630 7 097 6 637 7 473 6 927 7 048 6 798 6 785 6 650 6 140 5 850

KP B
KP C
KP
KP

70
44
21
5

72
44
23
5

71
43
21
6

72
44
22
6

74
44
23
6

74
44
25
6

75
44
25
6

75
42
27
6

74
46
23
5

74
43
25
6

75
44
25
6

74
43
25
6

KP
KP G
O

89
91
51

89
92
51

90
91
52

91
92
53

92
93
54

93
94
56

94
94
57

95
95
58

94
95
58

95
96
59

95
96
57

95
96
59

KP I
GPT
O
KP
GH
KP M
KP
O
O
GH
ZBUZ

90
22
77
94
20
29
84
..
63
26
..

92
23
79
95
27
33
85
..
68
28
10

91
23
80
95
44
38
86
..
72
32
19

94
25
84
93
47
44
87
..
77
40
32

95
27
86
94
64
49
90
..
80
43
39

96
29
87
94
70
55
90
31
83
45
45

96
31
89
92
76
58
90
50
86
49
49

96
33
90
93
78
62
88
67
87
58
53

97
35
91
92
79
65
86
79
88
65
55

97
37
91
91
79
67
82
83
87
70
58

97
37
91
89
78
70
75
86
86
77
61

97
38
92
90
79
72
70
88
86
82
66

1 From 2001/02 onwards, weighting is based on the population estimates


from the 2001 census.
2 From 1995-96 to 2005, gures shown are based on weighted data, including childrens expenditure, using non-response weights based on the 1991
Census and poulation gures from the 1991 and 2001 Census.
3 From 2006, gures shown are based on weighted data, including childrens
expenditure, using updated weights, with non- response weights and population gures based on the 2001 Census.
4 Includes digital, satellite and cable receivers.

124

1999
/00

Sources: Living Costs and Food Survey;


(previously Expenditure and Food Survey);
Office for National Statistics;
01633 455282

Health

Chapter 9

Health



Health

Health
Deaths: analysed by cause
(Table 9.6)
All gures in this table for England and Wales represent the
number of deaths occurring in each calendar year. All data
for Scotland and Northern Ireland relate to the number of
deaths registered during each calendar year. From 2001, all
three constituent countries of the United Kingdom are coding
their causes of death using the latest, tenth, revision of the
International Statistical Classication of Diseases and Related
Health Problems (ICD-10). All cause of death information from
2001 (also for 2000 for Scotland) presented in this table is
based on the revised classication.
To assist users in assessing any discontinuities arising from
the introduction of the revised classication, bridge-coding
exercises were carried out on all deaths registered in 1999
in England and Wales and also in Scotland. For further
information about ICD-10 and the bridge-coding carried
out by The Ofce for National Statistics (ONS), see the ONS
Report: Results of the ICD-10 bridge-coding study, England
and Wales, 1999. Health Statistics Quarterly 14 (2002), pages
7583 or log on to the National Statistics website at:
www.statistics.gov.uk.
For information on the Scottish bridge-coding exercise, consult
the Annual Report of the General Register Ofce for Scotland
or log on to their website at: www.gro-scotland.gov.uk. No
bridge-coding exercise was conducted for Northern Ireland.

Occupational ill-health
(Tables 9.8 and 9.9)
There are a number of sources of data on the extent of
occupational or work-related ill health in Great Britain. For
some potentially severe lung diseases caused by exposures
which are highly unlikely to be found in a non-occupational
setting, it is useful to count the number of death certicates
issued each year. This is also true for mesothelioma, a cancer
affecting the lining of the lungs and stomach, for which
the number of cases with non-occupational causes is likely
to be larger (although still a minority). Table 9.9 shows the
number of deaths for mesothelioma and asbestosis (linked to
exposure to asbestos), pneumoconiosis (linked to coal dust
or silica), byssinosis (linked to cotton dust) and some forms
of allergic alveolitis (including farmers lung). For asbestosrelated diseases the gures are derived from a special register
maintained by HSE.
Most conditions which can be caused or made worse by work
can also arise from other factors. The remaining sources of
data on work-related ill health rely on attribution of individual
cases of illness to work causes. In The Health and Occupation
Reporting Network (THOR), this is done by specialist doctors,
either occupational physicians or those working in particular
disease specialisms (covering musculoskeletal, psychological,
respiratory, skin, audiological and infectious disease).
Table 9.8 presents data from THOR for the last three years. It
should be noted that not all cases of occupational disease will
be seen by participating specialists; for example, the number
of deaths due to mesothelioma (shown in Table 9.9) is known
to be greater than the number of cases reported to THOR.

Injuries at work
Neonatal deaths and homicide and assault
For England and Wales, neonatal deaths (those at age under
28 days) are included in the number of total deaths but
excluded from the cause gures. This has particular impact
on the totals shown for the chapters covered by the ranges
P and Q, Conditions originating in the perinatal period and
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal
abnormalities. These are considerably lower than the actual
number of deaths because it is not possible to assign an
underlying cause of death from the neonatal death certicate
used in England and Wales.
Also, for England and Wales only, the total number shown
for Homicide and assault, X85Y09, will not be a true
representation because the registration of these deaths is
often delayed by adjourned inquests.




(Table 9.10)
The appropriate responsible person is required to report
injuries arising from workplace activities to HSE or the local
authority under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and
Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR 95). This
includes fatal injuries, nonfatal major injuries, as dened by
the Regulations, and other injuries causing incapacity for work
for more than 3 days. As of 1 April 2001, reports are to be
made to an Incident Centre (ICC), based at Caerphilly.
HSE gets to know about virtually all workplace fatalities.
However, it is known that employers and others do not report
all non-fatal reportable injuries. To estimate the level of underreporting by employers, HSE place questions each year with
the Labour Force Survey (LFS), asking respondents if they have
suffered a workplace injury in the past year.

Health

The results from the latest LFS show that in Great Britain
employers report around 49 per cent of reportable injuries
(2004/05). When compared to the previous year, these results
also indicate a drop of in the non-fatal injury rate of 10.0 per
cent. The self-employed report between 5 and 10 per cent of
reportable non-fatal injuries.

Health

9.1

Ambulance Staff by Type : by country


Headcount
1

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

JF83
JF85
JF87
JF89
JF8B
JF8D

26 902
789
..
7 536
..
8 947

28 180
773
..
8 311
..
9 033

28 648
614
438
8 222
6 902
..

28 471
598
646
8 241
7 543
..

30 518
685
705
9 203
6 858
..

32 284
692
750
10 089
6 391
..

JF8F
JF8H

..
2 047

..
2 201

1 829
..

1 147
..

1 258
..

1 415
..

JF84
JF86
JF88
JF8A
JF8C
JF8E

1 354
144
..
668
..
385

1 401
136
..
749
..
385

1 458
125
..
804
..
489

1 397
99
2
818
477
..

1 413
89
4
847
462
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

JF8G
JF8I

..
157

..
131

..
40

1
..

11
..

..
..

JHQ3
JHQ4
JHQ5
JHQ6
JHQ7
JHQ8

2 779
1 023
982
53
722

2 883
1 153
899
55
776

..
..
..
..
..
..

3 655
1 247
1 010
103
931
364

3 681
1 269
989
91
948
384

3 836
1 323
1 051
97
961
404

JHQ9

867

889

934

988

1 038

1 033

JHR2
JHR3
JHR4
JHR5

687
122
45
11

722
126
28
12

753
121
48
12

557
339
79
11

621
328
89
..

635
327
71
..

England
Qualified ambulance staff:
Total Amubulance Staff
Manager
Emergency care practitioner
Paramedic
Ambulance Technician
Ambulance Personnel
Support to Ambulance Staff
Trainee Ambulance Technician
Trainee Ambulance Personnel
Wales
Qualified ambulance staff:
Total Amubulance Staff
Manager
Emergency care practitioner
Paramedic
Ambulance Technician
Ambulance Personnel
Support to Ambulance Staff
Trainee Ambulance Technician
Trainee Ambulance Personnel
Scotland
Total Ambulance staff
Paramedic
Technician
Driver/chauffeur
Care assistant
Other2
Northern Ireland
Total Ambulance staff
Emergency Medical Technicians
and Paramedics
Other/Patient care services
Ambulance ofcers
Manager

Note: In 2006 ambulance staff were collected under new, more detailed, occupational codes. As a result, qualied totals and support to ambulance
staff totals are not directly comparable with previous years.
1 Scottish ambulance service 2006 data is unavailable.
2 Includes EMDC/control from 2007, newly identied from Agenda for
Change.

128

Sources: The NHS Information Centre for health and social care;
Welsh Assembly Government;
ISD Scotland;
Depar tment of Health, Social services and Public Safety Northern Ireland

Health

9.2

Hospital and primary care services


Scotland

Hospital and community services


In-patients:1,2
Average available staffed beds
Average occupied beds:
All departments
Psychiatric and learning disability
Discharges or deaths3
Outpatients:2,4
New cases
Total attendances
Medical and dental staff:5,6
Whole-time
Part-time
Honorary
Professional and technical staff:6,7
Whole-time
Part-time
Nursing and midwifery staff:6,8
Whole-time
Part-time
Administrative and clerical staff:6,9
Whole-time
Part-time
Domestic, transpor t, etc, staff:6,10
Whole-time
Part-time

KDEA Thousands
KDEB
KDEC
KDED

7
8

10

2000
/01

2001
/02

2002
/03

2003
/04

2004
/05

2005
/06

2006
/07

2007
/08

2008
/09

33.5

32.1

30.9

29.8

28.9

28.1

27.4

26.8

26.3

26.9
8.3
980.0

25.8
7.6
972.0

25.1
7.0
969.0

24.2
6.4
959.0

23.2
22.5
22.1
21.7
20.9
5.9
5.5
5.2
4.9
4.6
989.0 1 003.0 1 014.0 1 036.0 1 067.0

KDEE
"
2 766.0 2 749.0 2 728.0 2 731.0 2 750.0 2 718.0 2 763.0 2 818.0 2 911.8

KDEF
"
6 451.0 6 382.0 6 254.0 6 193.0 6 147.0 5 983.0 6 066.0 6 030.0 6 131.6

JYXO Numbers 9 273 9 325 9 644 10 256 10 407 10 658 10 871 11 201 11 823 12 534
KDEG
"
7 185 7 216 7 530 8 115 8 349 8 612 8 796 9 201 9 826 9 971
KDEH
"
1 632 1 648 1 681 1 697 1 636 1 630 1 670 1 607 1 597 2 257
JYXN
"
495
495
468
468
437
431
418
411
418
377
KDEI
KDEJ

"
"

11 261 11 261 11 705 12 265 12 942 13 258 13 750 14 323 13 647 14 550
5 218 5 483 5 852 6 273 6 708 6 968 7 440 7 990 8 313 8 788

KDEK
KDEL

"
"

32 356 32 401 33 334 34 294 34 939 35 338 36 093 37 104 37 075 37 664
29 242 29 131 29 004 29 015 29 354 29 484 29 688 29 995 30 270 30 301

KDEM
KDEN

"
"

14 541 14 710 15 361 16 200 17 260 17 806 18 434 18 907 18 192 18 163
7 456 7 677 8 075 8 630 9 307 9 943 10 707 11 375 11 174 11 592

KDEO
KDEP

Primary care services


Primary Medical services
JX4B
General medical practitioners (GPs):11
KDET
Performer12
KDEU
Performer salaried13
Performer registrar
JX4C
JX4D
Performer retainee14
KDEW
Expenditure on Primar y Medical Services15
Pharmaceutical services16
Prescriptions dispensed
KDEX
Payments to pharmacists (gross)
KDEY
Average gross cost per
prescription
KDEZ
Dental services
KDFA
Dentists on list17
Number of courses of treatment
completed
KDFB
Payments to dentists (gross)
KDFC
Payments by patients
KDFD
Payments out of public funds
KDFE
Average gross cost per course
KDFF
General ophthalmic services Number of Eye Exams given18,19 KDFG
Number of pairs of glasses
KDFH
supplied20
Payments out of public funds
KDFK
for sight testing and dispensing21
1
2
3
4
5

"
"
"

1999
/00

7 972 7 848 7 625 7 768 8 234 8 305 8 516 8 697 10 206 10 625
12 424 12 272 11 522 11 915 12 588 12 324 12 545 12 675 13 094 13 142

Numbers
"
"
"
"
million

4 072
3 702
88
283

377.5

4 253
3 710
99
261
184
404.7

4 346
3 761
108
283
196
429.6

4 360
3 769
114
284
194
467.5

4 447
3 805
155
281
209
519.0

4 456
3 782
188
282
208
628.4

Millions
million

62.34
731.0

65.56
788.6

69.13
868.9

71.83
946.3

74.66
988.0

76.74 79.03 81.89 85.17


993.7 1 043.0 1 063.9 1 095.1

11.7

12.0

12.6

13.2

13.2

12.9

13.2

13.0

Numbers

1 808

1 808

1 844

1 869

1 882

1 900

1 936

2 009

2 099 2 204

Thousands
million
"
"

Thousands

3 338
160.6
48.8
111.8
37.6
850

3 389
162.9
50.6
112.3
38.0
861

3 359
165.1
52.3
112.9
38.4
877

3 420
172.3
54.7
117.6
39.7
907

3 359
170.4
53.3
117.1
39.7
920

3 375
173.5
53.9
119.6
40.4
935

3 348
179.0
54.1
124.9
41.3
960

3 387
188.3
46.0
142.6
41.9
1 573

3 401
198.7
46.5
152.2
43.1
1 626

3 548
219.8
49.8
169.9
44.5
1 728

494

439

463

458

450

457

457

443

451

468

..

..

..

34.9

35.5

37.8

39.4

65.5

79.4

86.3

"
million

Excludes joint user and contractual hospitals.


In year to 31 March.
Includes transfers out and emergency inpatients treated in day bed units.
Including attendances at accident and emergency consultant clinics.
As at 30 September. Figures exclude ofcers holding honorar y locum appointments. Par t-time includes maximum part-time appointments. There is
an element of double counting of "heads" in this table as doctors can hold
more than one contract. For example, they may hold contracts of different
type, eg par t time and honorar y. Doctors holding two or more contracts of
the same type, eg par t time, are not double counted. Doctors, whose sum
of contracts amounts to whole time, are classed as such. Figures have
been revised due to coding changes.
The change in both collection and presentation of workforce data due to
changes to staff groupings under Agenda for Change has inevitably meant
that the amount of historical trend analysis of data is limited, though still
available for some high level groupings.
As at 30 September. Comprises Therapeutics, Healthcare Science, Technical and pharmacy, Allied health professionals and Medical and dental staff.
As at 30 September. Includes Health Care Assistants. Figures post 2003
have been amended due to a coding error resulting in some staff previously
in this group being moved to the admin and clerical group.
As at 30 September. Comprises Senior Management and Administrative
and Clerical staff. Figures for 2003 onwards have been amended due to the
inclusion of some staff previously in the nursing and midwifer y staff group
As at 30 September. Comprises Ambulance, Works, Ancillar y and Trades.

4 553
3 801
267
302
190
701.0

4 626
3 807
330
310
184
699.8

4 721 4 916
3 826 3 818
408
451
316
486
178
168
704.6 701.0

12.9

11 Contracted GPs in post in Scottish general practices, at 1 October up to


2003/04 and Sept for 2004/05 onwards. Excludes GP locums and GPs working
only in Out of Hours services. The total may not equal the sum of the gures
for individual GP designations as some GPs hold more than one contract.
Source: www.isdscotland.org/workforce
12 For 2004/05 onwards this group comprised mainly of Provider (partner) GPs.
Known prior to 2004/05 as Principal GPs.
13 Up to 2003/04 this group comprises salaried GPs plus associates, assistants
and other GPs. Terminology changed with the introduction of the new GMS
contract in April 2004.
14 Data on the number of GP retainees not available prior to 2000.
15 Total expenditure on General Medical Services/Primary Medical Services
Source: NHS Scotland Costs Book "R390" tables, www.isdscotland.org/costs
Note, the contractual arrangements for payments to many general practices
changed with the introduction of the new GMS contract in April 2004.
16 For prescriptions dispensed in calendar year by all community pharmacists (including stock orders), dispensing doctors and appliance suppliers. Gross total
excludes patient charges.
17 Comprises of non-salaried GDS principal dentists only as at 31 March.
18 Figures represent eye examinations paid for by health boards, hospital eye service referrals and GOS(s) ST (v) claimants.
19 Free NHS eye examinations were extended to all on 1st April 2006.
20 Does not include hospital eye service.
21 OPTIX, the electronic system for recording ophtalmic payment information,
was introduced in 2002. Information for previous years is now not centrally
available from ISD
Sources: ISD Scotland, NHS National Services Scotland;
0131 275 7777

129

Health

9.3

Hospital and general health services


Nor thern Ireland

Hospital services1
In-patients:
Beds available2
Average daily occupation of
beds
Discharges or deaths3
Out-patients:4
New cases
Total attendances
General health services
Medical services1
Doctors (principals) on the
list5,6
Number of patients per
doctor
GrossPayments to doctors7
Pharmaceutical services8
Prescription forms dispensed
Number of prescriptions
Gross Cost9
Charges10
Net Cost9
Average gross cost per
prescription9
Dental services8,11
Dentists on the list5
Number of courses of
paid treatment
Gross cost
Patients
Contributions (Net cost)
Average gross cost per
paid treatment
Ophthalmic services8
Number of sight tests given12
Number of optical appliances
supplied13
Cost of service (gross)14
Health and social services15
Medical and dental staff:
Whole-time
Part-time
Nursing and midwifery staff:
Whole-time
Part-time
Administrative and clerical staff:
Whole-time
Part-time
Professional and technical staff:
Whole-time
Part-time
Social services staff(excluding
casual home helps):
Whole-time
Part-time
Ancillary and other staff:
Whole-time
Part-time
Cost of services (gross)14
Payments by recipients
Payments out of public funds
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

8
9
10
11

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

KDGA

Numbers

8 639

8 571

8 419

8 301

8 347

8 323

8 238

8 049

7 873

7 706

KDGB
KDGC

Percentages
Thousands

81.5
332

82.0
333

83.3
328

84.3
327

84.1
332

84.2
337

83.6
343

83.2
359

82.5
370

82.3
372

KDGD
KDGE

"
"

984
2 111

994
2 114

997
2 131

992
2 122

1 014
2 161

1 027
2 175

1 040
2 219

1 081
2 233

1 115
2 283

1 154
2 296

KDGF

Numbers

1 054

1 066

1 073

1 076

1 076

1 078

1 084

1 100

1 127

1 156

KDGG
KDGH

"
thousand

1 678
78 604

1 661
82 471

1 651
84 664

1 652
88 194

1 658
96 894

1 663
..

1 655
..

1 631
..

1 626
..

1 618
..

KDGI
KDGJ
KDGK
KDGL
KDGM

Thousands
"
thousand
"
"

13 454
23 249
266 535
8 183
258 353

13 666
23 985
278 405
8 499
269 906

14 277
24 705
303 489
9 074
294 415

14 622
25 501
327 045
9 597
317 448

KDGN

11.46

11.61

12.28

12.82

13.60

13.97

13.75

13.81

13.78

13.87

KDGO

Numbers

632

661

673

689

696

720

722

751

763

795

KDGP
KDGQ
KDGR
KDGS

Thousands
thousand
Thousands
thousand

1 086
58 712
14 358
44 354

1 113
61 237
15 302
46 152

1 126
64 454
16 041
48 413

1 123
66 201
930
49 376

1 107
66 910
919
50 282

1 086
67 294
907
50 498

1 084
69 480
910
52 308

1 064
65 172
900
50 068

1 002
68 775
859
53 301

1 034
71 401
868
55 801

KDGT

54

55

57

59

60

62

64

61

69

69