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MOHAMMAD SHUJJAT ABBAS (Trainee Engineer M&U)

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PROCESS DEPARTMENT

Polyester resin such as PET follows a series of steps involving intermolecular reactions between bi- functional and poly-functional compounds. In the first step a paste comprising:

Di-acid component, typically a solid powder Terephthalic Acid (PTA)

Diol component, typically a liquid, mono ethylene glycol (MEG)

The paste is charged in a first esterification stirred tank reactor maintained at around 255 to 270 degrees Celsius and pressure in the range of 0.50 to 0.95 and for a period ranging between 5.0 and 3.5 hours, resulting in an esterification process leading to the formation of a prepolymer, consisting of bis-hydroxy ethyl terephthalate [BHET] and short chain oligomers. The esterification is not complete and some acid end groups remain in the prepolymer. Water, an esterification byproduct, is removed by a column system and [EG] is recycled. The esterification steps resulting in the prepolymer is typically followed by a polycondensation step in which a trans-esterification and an esterification reaction leads to step-growth polymerization in the melt phase. These reactions are reversible and require that the condensates [EG] and water are efficiently removed from the melt, typically by using reduced pressure. Initially, when the melt viscosity remains relatively low, the condensate products can be removed easily by evaporation. However, as the viscosity increases bubble formation is hindered and diffusion of EG is required.

This may be also achieved by using a disk ring reactor to reduce the diffusion path, creating a thin renewable film thereby increasing the surface area and removing the condensates. In general it is difficult to obtain PET of number average molar mass Mn greater than 20,000 g/mole [intrinsic viscosity, IV .about.0.6 dL/g] needed for making bottles . Because of reduced mass transfer rates and chemical degradation at high temperatures and long residence time. However in the disc ring reactor it is possible to reach I.V of about 0.65 without degradation, and with more antimony catalyst even higher. The melt is extruded into strands which solidify on cooling and the strands are cut into essentially amorphous chips for the post polymerization process.

MOHAMMAD SHUJJAT ABBAS (Trainee Engineer M&U)

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POLYCONDENSTAION

Paste Vessel 1414-VO1 Esterfication I 1425 RO1 Esterfication II 1425 RO2 Pre Polymerization I 1435
Paste Vessel 1414-VO1
Esterfication I 1425 RO1
Esterfication II 1425 RO2
Pre Polymerization I 1435 RO1
Pre Polymerization II 1445 RO1
Disk Ring Reactor 1465 RO1
Cutter
Dryer

MOHAMMAD SHUJJAT ABBAS (Trainee Engineer M&U)

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SOLID STATE POLYMERIZATION

Surge Silo Pre Crystallizer Crystallizer I Crystallizer II Plug Flow Reactor Fluidized Bed Cooler Static
Surge Silo
Pre Crystallizer
Crystallizer I
Crystallizer II
Plug Flow Reactor
Fluidized Bed Cooler
Static Cooler

MOHAMMAD SHUJJAT ABBAS (Trainee Engineer M&U)

Orientation Report

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MOHAMMAD SHUJJAT ABBAS (Trainee Engineer M&U) – Orientation Report 4