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PLAY THERAPY DEFINITION: Play therapy refers to a method of psychotherapy with patient in whom a therapist uses a client's fantasies and the symbolic meanings of his or her play as a medium for understanding and communication with the patient. PURPOSE: The aim of play therapy is to decrease those behavioral and emotional difficulties that interfere significantly with a client's normal functioning. Inherent in this aim is improved communication and understanding between the client and his family Less obvious goals include improved verbal expression, ability for self-observation, improved impulse control, more adaptive ways of coping with anxiety and frustration, and improved capacity to trust and to relate to others. OBJECTIVES: to enable client to deal with difficult and emotional problems to help client feel good about themselves to help client accept their limitations and strengths to enable client to alter unhelpful behaviors to help client achieve developmental milestones to enable client to function comfortably at home and in school to improve self-esteem, self confidence, self-image





GAME 1 Musical chairs (Trip to Jerusalem) MECHANICS: The game starts with any number of players and a number of chairs one fewer than the number of players; The chairs are arranged in a circle facing outward, with the people standing in a circle just outside of that. While the music is playing, the players in the circle walk in unison around the chairs. When the music player suddenly stops the music, everyone must race to sit down in one of the chairs. The player who is left without a chair is eliminated from the game, and one chair is also removed to ensure that there will always be one fewer chair than there are players. The music resumes and the cycle repeats until there is only one player left in the game, who is the winner. MATERIALS: Radio/ Music Player, Chairs

GAME 2 Banana/Hotdog Relay MECHANICS: The patient will walk into the chairs (using figure 8) and at the end of the chair there is a table and they are going to eat all the food as fast as they can and after they finished eating the food, the player will dance to give a signal to the student nurse that hes done. MATERIALS: Hotdog/Banana, chairs, table GAME 3 Walk the Egg MECHANICS: Divide the player into teams and have them form a line. The first player in line puts an egg on the spoon and passes is to the next person in line. The egg goes all the way to the end and then comes back to the front of the line to determine the winner. MATERIALS: 2 hard-boiled Easter eggs , spoons for each participant GAME 4 Jigsaw Puzzle MECHANICS: Each of the players is given a jigsaw puzzle and they need to put the pieces together in a logical way in order to come up with the desired solution and to see the hidden picture/message of the puzzle. MATERIALS: puzzle GAME 5 Hula Hoop Relay Race MECHANICS: Divide the players into teams. The first person in line passes a loop over their head, down to their feet and steps out, and then passes it to the next person. The hoop is passed down the line until all players have completed the process. MATERIALS: Hula Hoop GAME 6 Newspaper dance MECHANICS: Its like stop dance; you stop dancing when the music stops; (though in stop dance, you have to stop moving) the participant have to step on the newspaper. Then, the whole sheet of newspaper (which is the only material needed) will be folded in half. The routine continues as long as there are players that can step on 1/4, 1/8, 1/16 and so on until the last person who never steps on the newspaper edge wins.

MATERIALS: Newspapers

GAME Balloon Seat

MECHANICS: This relay race works like this: One pair of players per team runs to a stool where a balloon is placed. The balloon is blown, a knot is tied and one of the pair sits on the stool and holds it on their lap. The other player now sits on the balloon and tries to burst it. The pair is only allowed to run back to their team once the balloon is burst. MATERIALS: balloons, chairs GAME 8 Object Pass Relay Race MECHANICS: A variety of objects of varying weight (the greater variety, the better). When signaled to start, the first person in line picks up an object starts it down the line, then the next as soon as possible, and so forth. The last person in line deposits the objects on the floor. When they receive the last object, they reverse the process and send them all back to the front. The first team to get everything back to the front wins. MATERIALS: Different Objects GAME 9 Tanging Hininga Mo MECHANICS: The patient who can sing and hold his breath for the longest period of time will win. MATERIALS: none

MUSIC THERAPY DEFINITION: Music therapy is a technique of complementary medicine that uses music prescribed in a skilled manner by trained therapists. Programs are designed to help patients overcome physical, emotional, intellectual, and social challenges. Applications range from improving the well being of geriatric patients in nursing homes to lowering the stress level and pain of women in labor. Music therapy is used in many settings, including schools, rehabilitation centers, hospitals, hospice, nursing homes, community centers, and sometimes even in the home. PURPOSE: Music can be beneficial for anyone. Although it can be used therapeutically for people who have physical, emotional, social, or cognitive deficits, even those who are healthy can use music to relax, reduce stress, improve mood, or to accompany exercise. There are no potentially harmful or toxic effects. Music therapists help their patients achieve a number of goals through music, including improvement of communication, academic strengths, attention span, and motor skills. They may also assist with behavioral therapy and pain management. OBJECTIVES: is the development of communication, cognitive, motor, emotional, and social skills of the patient. Some of the techniques used to achieve this are singing, listening, instrumental music, composition, creative movement, guided imagery, and other methods as appropriate. Other disciplines may be integrated as well, such as dance, art, and psychology. Patients may develop musical abilities as a result of therapy, but this is not a major concern. The primary aim is to improve the patient's ability to function.