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1. How many moles of hydrogen sulfide are contained in a 35.0 g sample of this gas? (A) 1.

03 mol (B) 2.06 mol (C) 6.18 mol (D) 9.45 mol (E) 11.3 mol 2. What is the molar mass of ethanol (C 2 H 5 OH)? (A) 34.2 (B) 38.9 (C) 46.1 (D) 45.1 (E) 62.1 3. Ammonia can be produced by the reaction of nitrogen and hydrogen gas. Suppose the reaction is carried out starting with 14 g of nitrogen and 15 g of hydrogen. How many grams of ammonia can be produced? (A) 17.04 g (B) 34.08 g (C) 51.1 g (D) 85.2 g (E) 102 g 4. How many atoms of hydrogen are present in 12.0 g of water? (A) 1.1 (B) 2.0 (C) 4.0 (D) 8.0 (E) 4.8 10 23 10 23 10 23 10 23 10 24

5. Which compound contains the highest percent by mass of hydrogen? (A) HCl (B) H 2 O (C) H 3 PO 4 (D) H 2 SO 4 (E) HF

Statement I

Statement II

6. In a balanced equation, the number of moles of each substance is equal.

BECAUSE

Once the limiting reagent has been consumed, the reaction can no longer continue.

7. A hydrocarbon (a compound consisting solely of carbon and hydrogen) is found to be 96% carbon by mass. What is the empirical formula for this compound? (A) C 2 H (B) CH 2 (C) C 3 H (D) CH 3 (E) C 4 H 8. An unknown compound contains the elements C, H, and O. It is known to contain 48% C and 4.0% H by mass. The molar mass of this compound has been determined in the lab to have a value of 200. The molecular formula for this compound is (A) C 2 H 3 O 2 (B) C 4 H 6 O 4 (C) C 4 H 4 O 3 (D) C 8 H 3 O 6 (E) C 8 H 8 O 6 9. When 7.0 g of ethene (C 2 H 4 ) burns in oxygen to give carbon dioxide and water, how many grams of CO 2 are formed? C 2 H 4 + 3O 2 (A) 9.0 g (B) 22 g (C) 44 g (D) 82 g (E) 180 g 10. Consider the reaction below. What mass of CF 4 is formed by the reaction of 8.00 g of methane with an excess of fluorine? CH 4( g) + 4F 2( g) (A) 19 g (B) 22 g (C) 38 g (D) 44 g (E) 88 g CF 4( g) + 4HF ( g) 2CO 2 + 2H 2 O

Practice Balancing and Classifying Equations


1.

____ Fe + ____ HCl ____ FeCl2 + ____ H2 ________________________ ____ ZnCl2 + ____ KOH ____ Zn(OH)2 + ____ KCl ________________________ ____ Zn(s) + ____ AgNO3 (aq) ____ Zn(NO3)2 (aq) + ____ Ag(s) ________________________

2.

3.

4.

____ N2 + ____ H2 ____ NH3 ________________________

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____ Mg + ____O2 ____MgO ________________________ ____ NH4NO2 (aq) ____ N2 (g) + ____ H2O (l) ________________________ Combustion Equations

6.

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

___ C6H10 + ___ O2 ___ CO2 + ___ H2O ___ CH4 + ___ O2 ___ CO2 + ___ H2O ___ H2C2O4 + ___O2 ___ CO2 + ___H2O ____ C8H18 + _____ O2 ____ CO2 + ______H2O ___ CH3OH + ___ O2 ___ CO2 + ___ H2O ___ C8H18 + ___ O2 ___ CO2 + ___ H2O ___ C2H6 + ___ O2 ___ CO2 + ___ H2O ___ C6H12O6 + ___ O2 ___ CO2 + ___ H2O ___ C2H5OH + ___ O2 ___ CO2 + ___ H2O ___ C7H6O + ___ O2 ___ CO2 + ___ H2O ___ C2H5OH(l) + ___ O2(g) ___ CO2(g) + ___ H2O(g) ___ C21H24N2O4 + ___ O2 ___ CO2 + ___ H2O + ___ NO2

1. (pg 129, #118) Nitric acid is produced commercially by the Ostwald process, represented by the following equations: a. 4HN3(g) +5O2(g) 4NO(g) + 6H2O(g) b. 2NO(g) + O2(g) 2NO2(g) c. 3NO2(g) + H2O(l) 2HNO3(aq) + NO(g) What mass of NH3 must be used to produce 1.o x 10 kg HNO3 by the Ostwald process? Assume 100% yield in each reaction and assume that the NO produced in the third step is not recycled.
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2. (pg 129, #120) The aspirin substitute, acetaminophen (C8H9O2N), is produced by the following three-step synthesis: a. C6H5O3N(s) + 3H2(g) + HCl(aq) C6H8ONCl(s) + 2H2O(l) b. C6H8ONCl(s) + NaOH(aq) C6H7ON(s) + H2O(l) + NaCl(aq) c. C6H7ON(s) + C4H6O3(l) C8H9O2N(s) + HC2H3O2(l)

The first two reactions have percent yields of 87% and 98% by mass, respectively. The overall reaction yields 3 mol of acetaminophen product for every 4 mol CH5O3N reacted. a. What is the percent yield by mass for the overall process? b. What is the percent yield by mass of step III? Write the balanced equations for the following reactions. 1. C2H6 + O2 CO2 + H2O 2. Na + H2O NaOH + H2 3. Ammonium nitrate decomposes to yield dinitrogen monoxide and water. 4. Ammonia reacts with oxygen gas to form nitrogen monoxide and water. 5. Iron (III) oxide reacts with carbon (C) to yield iron metal and carbon monoxide. 6. Hydrogen gas reacts with carbon monoxide to yield methanol (CH3OH). How many grams of methanol are formed when 15.6 g of hydrogen react with excess carbon monoxide? 7. How many moles of carbon dioxide are formed in the fermentation of 75 g of glucose? 8. The thermite reaction (Fe2O3 + Al Fe + Al2O3) can be used to ignite solidfuel rockets or bombs. How much aluminum is needed to react with 10.0 g of Fe2O3? 9. Identify the limiting reactant and how much ammonia gas can be produced when 7.2 g of nitrogen gas react with 1.5 g of hydrogen gas by the use of the Haber process: 3H2 + N2 2NH3. 10. Identify the limiting reactant and how much carbon dioxide gas can be produced when 15.2 g of methane react with 18.5 g of oxygen gas to produce water and carbon dioxide. 11. Identify the limiting reactant and how much nitric acid can be produced when 60.0 g of nitrogen dioxide react with 18.5 g of water to produce nitric acid and nitrogen monoxide. 12. Identify the limiting reactant and how much aspirin (C9H8O4) can be produced when 52.3 g of salicylic acid (C8H6O3) react with 25.0 g of acetic acid (CH3CO2H): C8H6O3 + CH3CO2H C9H8O4 + H2O. Calculate the percent yield for practice problems 9 through 12 if 13. 6.3 g of ammonia were produced from problem 9.

14. 12.4 g of carbon dioxide were produced from problem 10. 15. 51 g of nitric acid were produced from problem 11. 16. 31.0 g of aspirin were produced from problem 12.
Answers 1. 2C2H6 + 7O2 4CO2 + 6H2O 2. 2Na + 2H2O 2NaOH + H2 3. NH4NO3 N2O + 2H2O 4. 4NH3 + 5O2 4NO + 6H2O 5. Fe2O3 + 3C 2Fe + 3CO 6. 124 g 7. 37 g 8. 3.38 g 9. Limiting reactant = H2; theoretical yield = 8.4 g 10. Limiting reactant = O2; theoretical yield = 12.7 g 11. Limiting reactant = NO2; theoretical yield = 55 g 12. Limiting reactant = salicylic acid; theoretical yield = 62.8 g 13. 75% 14. 97.6% 15. 93% 16. 56%