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# Problems: Projectile Motion

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SPH 4U

A cannon is aimed across Bottomless Gorge at an angle of 22.6o above the horizontal. The mouth of the cannon is 1.00 m above the ground. It shoots a ball whose velocity upon leaving the cannon is 130 m/s. (a) What are the horizontal and vertical components of the initial velocity of the ball? (120 m/s, 50 m/s) (b) What is the velocity of the ball after 2.00 s? (124 m/s [14o]) (c) If the ball strikes the other side of the gorge 54.0 m below the rim (55.0 m below the mouth of the cannon), how wide is Bottomless Gorge? (1320 m) A shell is fired from a gun pointing at an angle of 30o above the horizontal. The muzzle velocity is 1.0x103 m/s. (a) What are the horizontal and vertical components of the shells initial velocity? (867 m/s, 500 m/s) (b) How high will the shell rise above the level of the gun? (1.28x104 m) (c) Assuming that the shell hits the ground on a small hill at the same level as the gun, calculate how far the hill is away from the gun? (8.84x104 m) A ball is fired from a cannon inclined at 36.9o above the horizontal. The speed with which it leaves the barrel is 200 m/s and the mouth of the cannon is 2.00 m above ground level. Assume level ground. (a) What are the horizontal and vertical components of the initial velocity of the cannon ball? (160 m/s, 120 m/s) (b) Determine the velocity of the cannon ball at t = 6.0 s. (171 m/s [21o]) (c) What is the balls velocity when it reaches its maximum height? (160 m/s) (d) How far down range (from the cannon mouth) does the ball land? (3.9x103 m) BONUS CHALLENGING: Bart decides to jump Springfield Gorge on his skateboard. Springfield Gorge is 50 m wide, and Bart has constructed a 1.0 m high ramp inclined at 30o to the horizontal. If air resistance is neglected, calculate what speed Bart must reach if he is to land safely on the other side of the Gorge? (23 m/s) Homer has calculated that he can jump the gorge if the ramp is inclined to 45o, and he attains a speed of 20 m/s. Will Homer make it? If not, how far short of the other side is he when he drops below the level of the ground? (No. 9 m)

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53.1o

10.0 m

2.0 m

A policeman must lob tear gas through a window as shown. He determines that a firing angle of 53.1o will do if the shell leaves the gun at 20 m/s. The point of firing is 2.0 m above the ground. The shell enters the window 10.0 m above the ground and must be on its way down in order to miss the balcony. (a) Find the horizontal and vertical components of the shells velocity as it leaves the gun. (16 m/s, 12 m/s) (b) What is the shells velocity 2.0 s after firing? (12.8 m/s [-18o]) (c) What is the distance from the point of firing to the building? (31 m)

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A Roman soldier calculates that in order for a stone from his catapult to just reach the gate of the hill fort, he must shoot the stone at 50 m/s at an angle of 20o above the horizontal. The point at which the stone leaves the catapult is 3.0 m above the ground, and the gate of the hill fort is at the same level as the foot of the catapult. (a) Find the horizontal and vertical components of the stones velocity at t = 0 (17.1 m/s, 47 m/s) (b) How long will it take the stone to reach the gate? (3.6 s) (c) How far is the catapult from the gate? (168 m) (d) What is the stones velocity as it lands (just before it touches down)? (50.6 o m/s [-22 ])