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Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Honduras

Departamento de Ingeniera Qumica

Computacin para Ingeniera Qumica

Purificacin de Hidrocarburos
Catedrtico:
Ing. Salomon Martnez
Integrantes:
Jimmy Ricardo Palacios Flores
Fernando Rafael Chavez Valeriano
Madelin Mariel Cceres Enamorado

20061001763
20061002869
20070000124

Fecha de Entrega:
Martes 13 de diciembre de 2011
Cuidad Universitaria
Teguciagalpa M.D.C

DESCRIPCION GENERAL
En el presente proceso se desea purificar una corriente de
hidrocarburos, para lo cual la alimentacin entra a un intercambiador
de tubo y coraza para precalentar dicha corriente aprovechando el gas
caliente que sale de la torre de destilacin. Luego pasa a un segundo
intercambiador donde es enfriada para generar dos fases que sern
separadas.
Posteriormente la corriente que sale por el domo del separador genera
trabajo en una turbina que transmite 90% de su trabajo a un
compresor, la corriente de la salida de la turbina es la corriente de la
alimentacin del plato 1 de la torre de destilacin.
La corriente que sale del fondo del separador pasa por una valvula de
expansin la cual alimenta el plato 3 de la torre.
La torre que separa bsicamente el metano de la mezcla, consta de 10
platos, por el fondo de la torre sale una mezcla liquida, y por la parte
superior sale una mezcla rica en gas metano que intercambia calor con
la mezcla de alimentacin.
La mezcla rica en gas metano luego de calentar la alimentacin pasa a
un compresor.

GRAFICOS

CHEMCAD 5.1.3

Page 1

Job Name: purificacion de hidrocarburos

Date: 12/13/2011

Time: 09:40:17

FLOWSHEET SUMMARY
Equipment
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

HTXR
HTXR
CSEP
COMP
EXPN
TOWR
VALV

Label

Stream Numbers
1
6
2 -3
3 -4
10 -11
4 -5
5
9
8 -9

separador
compresor
turbina
torre
valvula

-2 -10
-8
-6

-7

Stream Connections
Stream
1
2
3
4

Equipment
From
To
1
1
2
2
3
3
5

Stream
5
6
7
8

Equipment
From
To
5
6
6
1
6
3
7

Calculation mode : Sequential


Flash algorithm : Normal
Equipment Calculation Sequence
1
2
3
5
7
6
4
Equipment Recycle Sequence
1
2
3
5
7
6
Recycle Cut Streams
6
Recycle Convergence Method:
Max. loop iterations

Direct Substitution
40

Recycle Convergence Tolerance


Flow rate
Temperature
Pressure
Enthalpy
Vapor frac.

1.000E-003
1.000E-003
1.000E-003
1.000E-003
1.000E-003

Recycle calculation has converged.


COMPONENTS
ID #

Name

Stream
9
10
11

Equipment
From
To
7
6
1
4
4

CHEMCAD 5.1.3

Page 2

Job Name: purificacion de hidrocarburos


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

46
2
3
4
5
6
8
11
10

Nitrogen
Methane
Ethane
Propane
I-Butane
N-Butane
N-Pentane
N-Heptane
N-Hexane

THERMODYNAMICS
K-value model
Enthalpy model
Liquid density

:
:
:

Peng-Robinson
Peng-Robinson
Library

Date: 12/13/2011

Time: 09:40:17

CHEMCAD 5.1.3

Page 3

Job Name: purificacion de hidrocarburos


Overall Mass Balance

Date: 12/13/2011

Time: 09:40:17

Nitrogen
Methane
Ethane
Propane
I-Butane
N-Butane
N-Pentane
N-Heptane
N-Hexane

lbmol/h
Input
Output
0.080
0.080
0.737
0.737
0.077
0.077
0.057
0.057
0.010
0.010
0.025
0.025
0.007
0.007
0.003
0.003
0.004
0.004

lb/h
Input
2.234
11.816
2.328
2.530
0.580
1.430
0.502
0.313
0.365

Output
2.234
11.816
2.328
2.530
0.580
1.430
0.502
0.313
0.365

Total

1.000

22.099

22.099

1.000

CHEMCAD 5.1.3

Page 4

Job Name: purificacion de hidrocarburos


EQUIPMENT SUMMARIES

Date: 12/13/2011

Heat Exchanger Summary


Equip. No.
Name
Pressure drop 1 psi
Pressure drop 2 psi
T Out Str 1 F
VF Out Str 1
Calc Ht Duty MMBtu/h
LMTD (End points) F
LMTD Corr Factor
Str1 Pout psia
Str2 Pout psia

10.0000
5.0000

5.0000
-84.0000

1.0000
0.0001
239.8035
1.0000
578.0000
120.0000

-0.0035
573.0000

Component Separator Summary


Equip. No.
Name
Top Temp Mode

3
separador
1

Compressor Summary
Equip. No.
Name
Mode of Operation
Pressure out psia
Type of Compressor
Efficiency
Actual power hp
Cp/Cv
Theoretical power hp
Ideal Cp/Cv
Calc Pout psia

4
compresor
1
1393.0031
1
0.7500
0.9000
1.4203
0.6750
1.3063
1393.0031

Expander Summary
Equip. No.
Name
Pressure out psia
Type of Expander
Efficiency

5
turbina
125.0000
1
0.8000

Time: 09:40:17

CHEMCAD 5.1.3

Page 5

Job Name: purificacion de hidrocarburos


EQUIPMENT SUMMARIES

Date: 12/13/2011

Towr Rigorous Distillation Summary


Equip. No.
Name
No. of stages
1st feed stage
2nd feed stage
Top pressure psia
Subcooled temp F
Reboiler mode
Reboiler spec.
Calc rebr duty
(MMBtu/h)

6
torre
10
1
3
125.0000
150.0000
1
0.0150
2.8985e-005

Valve Summary
Equip. No.
Name

7
valvula

Time: 09:40:17

CHEMCAD 5.1.3

Page 6

Job Name: purificacion de hidrocarburos


STREAM PROPERTIES
Stream No.
Name
- - Overall - Molar flow lbmol/h
Mass flow lb/h
Temp F
Pres psia
Vapor mole fraction
Enth MMBtu/h
Tc F
Pc psia
Std. sp gr. wtr = 1
Std. sp gr. air = 1
Degree API
Average mol wt
Actual dens lb/ft3
Actual vol ft3/hr
Std liq ft3/hr
Std vap 60F scfh
- - Vapor only - Molar flow lbmol/h
Mass flow lb/h
Average mol wt
Actual dens lb/ft3
Actual vol ft3/hr
Std liq ft3/hr
Std vap 60F scfh
Cp Btu/lbmol-F
Z factor
Visc cP
Th cond Btu/hr-ft-F
- - Liquid only - Molar flow lbmol/h
Mass flow lb/h
Average mol wt
Actual dens lb/ft3
Actual vol ft3/hr
Std liq ft3/hr
Std vap 60F scfh
Cp Btu/lbmol-F
Z factor
Visc cP
Th cond Btu/hr-ft-F
Surf tens dyne/cm

Date: 12/13/2011

Time: 09:40:17

1.0000
22.0990
120.0000
588.0000
1.000
-0.031967
-16.2829
1170.3080
0.375
0.763
245.6570
22.0990
2.3405
9.4421
0.9444
379.4786

1.0000
22.0990
107.0455
578.0000
1.000
-0.032115
-16.2829
1170.3080
0.375
0.763
245.6570
22.0990
2.3726
9.3143
0.9444
379.4786

1.0000
22.0990
-84.0000
573.0000
0.6988
-0.035651
-16.2829
1170.3080
0.375
0.763
245.6570
22.0990
5.5973
3.9481
0.9444
379.4786

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.00000
0.0000
0.0000
0.000
0.000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

1.0000
22.0990
22.0990
2.3405
9.4421
0.9444
379.4786
12.0283
0.8926
0.01257
0.0206

1.0000
22.0990
22.0990
2.3726
9.3143
0.9444
379.4786
11.9965
0.8854
0.01236
0.0200

0.6988
12.6003
18.0309
3.5719
3.5276
0.5905
265.1862
12.5701
0.7176
0.01035
0.0157
0.3012
9.4987
31.5380
22.5878
0.4205
0.3539
114.2924
19.0865
0.1334
0.07578
0.0595
0.7110

CHEMCAD 5.1.3

Page 7

Job Name: purificacion de hidrocarburos


STREAM PROPERTIES
Stream No.
Name
- - Overall - Molar flow lbmol/h
Mass flow lb/h
Temp F
Pres psia
Vapor mole fraction
Enth MMBtu/h
Tc F
Pc psia
Std. sp gr. wtr = 1
Std. sp gr. air = 1
Degree API
Average mol wt
Actual dens lb/ft3
Actual vol ft3/hr
Std liq ft3/hr
Std vap 60F scfh
- - Vapor only - Molar flow lbmol/h
Mass flow lb/h
Average mol wt
Actual dens lb/ft3
Actual vol ft3/hr
Std liq ft3/hr
Std vap 60F scfh
Cp Btu/lbmol-F
Z factor
Visc cP
Th cond Btu/hr-ft-F
- - Liquid only - Molar flow lbmol/h
Mass flow lb/h
Average mol wt
Actual dens lb/ft3
Actual vol ft3/hr
Std liq ft3/hr
Std vap 60F scfh
Cp Btu/lbmol-F
Z factor
Visc cP
Th cond Btu/hr-ft-F
Surf tens dyne/cm

Date: 12/13/2011

Time: 09:40:17

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.00000
0.0000
0.0000
0.000
0.000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.8013
14.1999
-136.7743
125.0000
1.000
-0.024867
-115.9702
708.4018
0.337
0.612
288.3115
17.7220
0.6995
20.2998
0.6755
304.0611

0.1987
7.8991
-130.8363
125.0000
0.0000
-0.010756
199.6557
1026.0515
0.471
1.372
168.9785
39.7458
35.7855
0.2207
0.2689
75.4176

1.0000
22.0990
-84.0000
573.0000
0.6988
-0.035651
-16.2829
1170.3080
0.375
0.763
245.6570
22.0990
5.5973
3.9481
0.9444
379.4786

0.8013
14.1999
17.7220
0.6995
20.2998
0.6755
304.0611
8.5792
0.9140
0.007780
0.0107

0.6988
12.6003
18.0309
3.5719
3.5276
0.5905
265.1862
12.5701
0.7176
0.01035
0.0157
0.1987
7.8991
39.7458
35.7855
0.2207
0.2689
75.4176
19.5334
0.0352
0.2155
0.0836
14.9593

0.3012
9.4987
31.5380
22.5878
0.4205
0.3539
114.2924
19.0865
0.1334
0.07578
0.0595
0.7110

CHEMCAD 5.1.3

Page 8

Job Name: purificacion de hidrocarburos


STREAM PROPERTIES
Stream No.
Name
- - Overall - Molar flow lbmol/h
Mass flow lb/h
Temp F
Pres psia
Vapor mole fraction
Enth MMBtu/h
Tc F
Pc psia
Std. sp gr. wtr = 1
Std. sp gr. air = 1
Degree API
Average mol wt
Actual dens lb/ft3
Actual vol ft3/hr
Std liq ft3/hr
Std vap 60F scfh
- - Vapor only - Molar flow lbmol/h
Mass flow lb/h
Average mol wt
Actual dens lb/ft3
Actual vol ft3/hr
Std liq ft3/hr
Std vap 60F scfh
Cp Btu/lbmol-F
Z factor
Visc cP
Th cond Btu/hr-ft-F
- - Liquid only - Molar flow lbmol/h
Mass flow lb/h
Average mol wt
Actual dens lb/ft3
Actual vol ft3/hr
Std liq ft3/hr
Std vap 60F scfh
Cp Btu/lbmol-F
Z factor
Visc cP
Th cond Btu/hr-ft-F
Surf tens dyne/cm

Date: 12/13/2011

Time: 09:40:17

10

11

1.0000
22.0990
-136.6135
125.0000
0.7988
-0.035651
-16.2828
1170.3083
0.375
0.763
245.6570
22.0990
1.0796
20.4700
0.9444
379.4787

0.8013
14.1999
-115.8315
120.0000
1.000
-0.024719
-115.9702
708.4018
0.337
0.612
288.3115
17.7220
0.6190
22.9418
0.6755
304.0611

0.8013
14.1999
248.1396
1393.0031
1.000
-0.022429
-115.9702
708.4018
0.337
0.612
288.3115
17.7220
3.4024
4.1735
0.6755
304.0611

0.7988
14.1552
17.7212
0.6990
20.2497
0.6733
303.1165
8.5781
0.9142
0.007784
0.0107

0.8013
14.1999
17.7220
0.6190
22.9418
0.6755
304.0611
8.4748
0.9313
0.008190
0.0114

0.8013
14.1999
17.7220
3.4024
4.1735
0.6755
304.0611
10.7967
0.9554
0.01637
0.0306

0.2012
7.9438
39.4763
36.0677
0.2202
0.2711
76.3622
19.3227
0.0355
0.2237
0.0848
15.6742

CHEMCAD 5.1.3

Page 9

Job Name: purificacion de hidrocarburos


FLOW SUMMARIES

Date: 12/13/2011

Stream No.
1
2
Stream Name
Temp F
120.0000
107.0455
5038091000631185300000000000000000.0000
Pres psia
588.0000
578.0000
Enth MMBtu/h
-0.031967
-0.032115
Vapor mole fraction
1.0000
1.0000
Total lbmol/h
1.0000
1.0000
Flowrates in lbmol/h
Nitrogen
0.0798
0.0798
Methane
0.7365
0.7365
Ethane
0.0774
0.0774
Propane
0.0574
0.0574
I-Butane
0.0100
0.0100
N-Butane
0.0246
0.0246
N-Pentane
0.0070
0.0070
N-Heptane
0.0031
0.0031
N-Hexane
0.0042
0.0042
Stream No.
Stream Name
Temp F
Pres psia
Enth MMBtu/h
Vapor mole fraction
Total lbmol/h
Flowrates in lbmol/h
Nitrogen
Methane
Ethane
Propane
I-Butane
N-Butane
N-Pentane
N-Heptane
N-Hexane
Stream No.
Stream Name
Temp F
Pres psia
Enth MMBtu/h
Vapor mole fraction
Total lbmol/h
Flowrates in lbmol/h
Nitrogen
Methane
Ethane
Propane
I-Butane
N-Butane
N-Pentane
N-Heptane
N-Hexane

Time: 09:40:17
3

-84.0000
573.0000
-0.035651
0.69882
1.0000

573.0000
0.00000
0.00000
0.0000

0.0798
0.7365
0.0774
0.0574
0.0100
0.0246
0.0070
0.0031
0.0042

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.00000
0.00000
0.0000

-136.7743
125.0000
-0.024867
1.0000
0.8013

-130.8363
125.0000
-0.010756
0.00000
0.1987

-84.0000
573.0000
-0.035651
0.69882
1.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0795
0.6959
0.0238
0.0020
0.0001
0.0001
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0003
0.0406
0.0537
0.0554
0.0099
0.0245
0.0070
0.0031
0.0042

0.0798
0.7365
0.0774
0.0574
0.0100
0.0246
0.0070
0.0031
0.0042

10

11

-136.6135
125.0000
-0.035651
0.79877
1.0000

-115.8315
120.0000
-0.024719
1.0000
0.8013

248.1396
1393.0031
-0.022429
1.0000
0.8013

0.0798
0.7365
0.0774
0.0574
0.0100
0.0246
0.0070
0.0031
0.0042

0.0795
0.6959
0.0238
0.0020
0.0001
0.0001
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0795
0.6959
0.0238
0.0020
0.0001
0.0001
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

CHEMCAD 5.1.3

Page 10

Job Name: purificacion de hidrocarburos


DISTILLATION PROFILE
Unit type : TOWR

Stg
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Temp
F
-136.8
-136.6
-136.5
-136.5
-136.7
-136.7
-136.7
-136.5
-136.2
-130.8

Pres
psia
125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00
125.00

Unit name: torre

Date: 12/13/2011
Eqp #

*
Net Flows
*
Liquid
Vapor
lbmol/h
lbmol/h
0.00
0.00
0.80
0.20
0.80
0.20
0.00
0.20
0.00
0.20
0.00
0.20
0.00
0.20
0.00
0.20
0.00
0.00

Time: 09:40:17

6
Feeds
lbmol/h

Product
Duties
lbmol/h
MMBtu/h
0.80 -1.998E-006

1.00

0.20

2.898E-005

CONCLUSIONES
1- La utilizacin del CHEMCAD para este tipo de procesos es de
gran utilidad, ya que resolver estos procesos con clculos
manuales sera largo y tedioso.
2- El CHEMCAD permite una mejor visualizacin de los procesos, y
asi una mayor comprensin de su comportamiento en la
realidad.