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Chemical properties of ethanoic acid Aim: To study the chemical properties of ethanoic acid through its reaction with

(a) base (b) metal carbonate (c) metal (d) alcohol Materials: Ethanoic acid, CH3COOH; 1 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide, NaOH; glacial ethanoic acid (anhydrous), CH3COOH; concentrated sulphuric acid, H2SO4; magnesium ribbon, Mg; calcium carbonate, CaCO3; lime water, wooden splinter. Apparatus: Test tube, evaporating dish, rubber stopper with delivery tube, Bunsen burner, beaker, dropper. Procedure: Procedure Reaction between ethanoic acid and base is formed. Observation

Pour 2 cm3 of ethanoic acid into the test tube. Add 2 cm3 of 1 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution into the ethanoic acid. Shake the mixture and then pour it into the evaporating dish. Heat the mixture until it dries. Observe the substance that remains in the evaporating dish.

2. Reaction between ethanoic acid and metal carbonate

Gas that is released turns lime water .

Pour 5 cm3 of ethanoic acid into a test tube. Put a few pieces of calcium carbonate into the ethanoic acid. Channel the gas that is released into the lime water.

Reaction between ethanoic acid and metal

A is heard.

Pour 5 cm3 of ethanoic acid into a test tube. Add a strip of magnesium ribbon. Test the gas that is released with a lighted wooden splinter. A layer floats on the surface of the water. This layer gives out a smell.

Reaction between ethanoic acid and ethanol

Pour 2 cm3 of ethanol into the boiling tube. Add 1 cm3 of glacial ethanoic acid. Add a few drops of concentrated sulphuric acid. Heat the mixture in a water bath for 2-3 minutes. Pour the mixture in the test tube into a beaker filled with water. Observe the changes that occur and smell the product floating on the surface of the water.

Analysis Reaction between ethanoic acid and base 1. (a) Name the reaction that occurs between ethanoic acid and sodium hydroxide solution. (b) Name the salt that is formed in this reaction. (c) Write the chemical equation to represent the reaction that occurs between ethanoic acid and sodium hydroxide. Reaction between ethanoic acid and metal carbonate 2. (a) Name the gas that is released in this reaction. (b) Name the salt that is formed. (c) Write the chemical equation to represent the reaction that occurs. Reaction between ethanoic acid and metal 3. (a) What is the gas released in this experiment? (b) Name the salt that is formed. (c) Write the chemical equation to represent the reaction that occurs. Reaction between ethanoic acid and ethanol 4. (a) Name the product that is formed. (b) Name the homologous series for the product that is formed. (c) Name the reaction that occurs. (d) Complete the chemical equation to represent the reaction that occurs. C2H5OH + CH3COOH + 5. Predict the chemical properties of other carboxylic acids by completing the chemical equations below. (a) Reaction between propanoic acid, C2H5COOH and sodium hydroxide, NaOH C2H5COOH(aq) + NaOH(aq) + (b) Reaction between butanoic acid, C3H7COOH and zinc carbonate, ZnCO3 C3H7COOH(aq) + ZnCO3(s) + (c) Reaction between propanoic acid, C2H5COOH and zinc, Zn C2H5COOH(aq) + Zn(s) + (d) Reaction between ethanoic acid, CH3COOH and propanol, C3H7COOH CH3COOH + C3H7OH + Conclusion: Ethanoic acid displays acidic properties, which are: (a) it neutralizes sodium hydroxide solution to form (b) it releases (c) it releases and .

when reacting with metal carbonates. when reacting with magnesium ribbon. 3