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Instructions valid only for units with S. No. xxxx1800 or higher (disregard the first four digits)

INSTRUCTIONS INSTRUCTIONS AND AND USER USER MANUAL MANUAL

Reactive Power Controllers type 450 and 650

Instructions valid only for units with S. No. xxxx1800 or higher (please watch at the note on the back of this flyer)

Thank you for your choosing our automatic Power Factor Controllers that represent the ultimate development in this field. Our PF controllers are the result of long-standing expertise and know-how in PF correction applied to the latest FLASH microprocessor technology ensuring ultra high-speed data processing and hence the execution of sophisticated algorithms and mathematical functions with highest dependability and greatest functionality. PF adjustment is achieved by continuos metering of the reactive power absorbed by the load and through the connection/disconnection of capacitor banks in order to maintain the target PF. Sophisticated alarm and control functions ensure protection of capacitor banks against abnormal or particularly severe working conditions such as harmonic currents, resonance, high mains voltage and high temperature. Correct compensation is also monitored and signalled when improper.

1.0 WARNING

This Power Factor Controller has been designed, constructed and tested in compliance with IEC 255-5 Standards and left the production factory in perfect condition both from the points of view of quality and safety. In order to maintain these conditions and to ensure safe operation, the user must follow carefully the instructions and the markings given in this Instructions Manual.

1.1 PRELIMINARY INSPECTION

The units are packed in strong cardboard boxes designed to tolerate normal transport and handling conditions but they cannot be exposed to water or humidity. When receiving the units, inspect the external packaging immediately and check any for visible damage or signs of humidity; if any of these should be found, immediately raise a claim for damages with the carrier. In case of visible damage to the units, precautions must be taken to prevent its accidental use or installation; contact supplier for inspection / repair / replacement.

1.2 ENVIRONMENTAL WORKING CONDITIONS

The unit shall be installed indoors in non-aggressive atmosphere and shall be protected against accidental shocks, heat sources, direct sun radiation, corrosive liquids or substances. The ambient temperature (taking into account the Dt of the cabinet, too) shall not exceed the limits specified for this unit; relative humidity shall not exceed the limits specified and under no circumstances should condensation occur.

1.3 WIRING

Before actual connection ensure that the mains voltage and auxiliary voltage match those admitted by the unit.

1.4

SAFETY

Installation and maintenance of this unit shall be carried out by suitably trained personnel only. Before carrying out any operation on its connections, the unit must be disconnected from all power sources for at least three minutes in order to allow complete discharge of inner capacitors. The controller is connected to a Current Transformer; do not unplug the CT connections before making sure that all loads are switched off or make sure that the CT output is short-circuited. Failure to do so may cause dangerous over voltages. Before accessing the controller’s terminals use a voltmeter to ensure that no dangerous voltage is present.

1.5 WAREHOUSING

Warehousing must take place in a dry and adequately ventilated environment, free from dust and free from liquid or chemical substances likely to be aggressive to metal parts; temperature and humidity shall not exceed the working limits prescribed for the units. Avoid over stacking units or placing heavy weights on the cartons, as they are likely to damage packing and units.

1.6 PACKAGING DISPOSAL

Materials used for packaging are all non-toxic and recyclable and, when removed, shall not be thrown away but re-used or conveniently disposed of as industrial waste by specialised companies according to local rules and regulations.

2.0 DESCRIPTION 2.1 FRONT PANEL 1 2 3 4 1 Capacitor bank indicators POWER FACTOR
2.0
DESCRIPTION
2.1
FRONT PANEL
1
2
3
4
1 Capacitor bank indicators
POWER FACTOR CONTROLLER
2 Alarm state indicator
0.98
1
2
3
ALARM
456
5
P F
3 Fan state indicator
16
SELECT
1
UN
PROG
6
V
Dkvar THC%
°C
AUTO
MAN 1 MAN 2 MODE
15
7
4 Readings display
14
8
450
13
5 PROG indicators
9
SELECT
MODE
6 Man2 MODE indicator
10
7 Man1 MODE indicator
12
11
Type 450

8 Auto MODE indicator

9 UP key

10 DOWN key

11 MODE key

12 SELECT key

13 °C reading/alarm indicator

14 THC% reading/alarm indicator

15 Dkvar reading/alarm indicator

16 V reading/alarm indicator

4 16 15 14 13 5 POWER FACTOR CONTROLLER 8 P F 7 AUTO V
4
16
15
14
13
5
POWER FACTOR CONTROLLER
8
P F
7
AUTO
V
Dkvar THC% °C
0.98
1
MAN 1
UN
6
MAN 2
SELECT
PROG
MODE
1
3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
ALARM
2
650
SELECT
MODE
12
9
10
11
Type 650

2.2 REAR PANEL AND WIRING DIAGRAM

TEMPERATURE SENSOR SUPPLY VOLTAGE SELECTOR Type S. No. DATA LABEL (side) TYPE 450 POWER SUPPLY
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
SUPPLY
VOLTAGE
SELECTOR
Type
S. No.
DATA LABEL
(side)
TYPE 450
POWER
SUPPLY
(115-120V / 230-240V)
MAINS
SUPPLY
TO OTHER
LOAD
CONTACTORS
L1
L2
L3
N
=
=
F5 = 10A - 250V
R = Discharge Resistor
F1 - F2
F3 - F4
1A - 500V
2A - 250V
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
DATA LABEL
SUPPLY
VOLTAGE
SELECTOR
TYPE 650
POWER
SUPPLY
(115-120V / 230-240V)
MAINS
SUPPLY
LOAD
TO OTHER CONTACTORS
L1
L2
L3
N
F1 - F2
F3 - F4
=
=
F5 = 10A - 250V
R = Discharge Resistor
1A - 500V
2A - 250V
92 92
92
92

PANEL CUT (mm)

138 138
138
138

PANEL CUT (mm)

3.0

WIRING AND CONNECTIONS

3.1

GENERAL

Please refer to wiring diagrams (par. 2.2) for identification of terminals.

Always make sure that the signals/voltages applied are compatible with those of the controller.

Protective fuses shall be foreseen as shown in the wiring diagram and namely:

F1 - F2: 1A-500V,

F3-F4: 2A-250V,

F5: 10A- 250V

The use of fuses in the current signal path is prohibited.

3.2 POWER SUPPLY CONNECTION

A separate auxiliary power supply is required for controller energisation

- type 450: terminals 5-6 Use 1,5 mm 2 stranded cables

- type 650: terminals 6-7 Use 1,5 mm 2 stranded cables

Check the rear voltage selector combination to match actual supply

voltage prior to connection. Depending upon the jumpers combination, the supply voltage may be 230÷240V or 115÷120V. If a modification is required pull out the jumpers (located underneath the rear panel) and reinsert them into the proper pin combination as shown in the figure.

Rear voltage selector = 230 ÷ 240 V = 115 ÷ 120 V
Rear voltage selector
= 230 ÷ 240 V
= 115 ÷ 120 V

3.3 VOLTAGE SIGNAL CONNECTION

Connect terminals 1-2 to phase L2(S) and L3 (T) of the three-phase mains. Use 1,5mm 2 stranded cables.

3.4 CURRENT TRANSFORMER (CT) CONNECTION AND INSTALLATION

Connect terminals 3-4 (K-L) to the secondary of a current transformer (CT) having a 5A secondary rating.

The CT primary rating shall be sized for the maximum current absorbed by the load (generally, 20÷30%

higher than the maximum load current)) but anyway higher than the overall current absorbed by the PF

correction equipment. If the distance between the CT and the controller is 3-4 m. use a 5VA CT and 2,5

mm 2 stranded cables. For longer distances use a 10VA CT and 4-6 mm 2 stranded cables. A class 1 CT is recommended for greater metering accuracy. Terminal 3 (K) must be grounded by using same or higher size cables.

Pay close attention to the CT installation point along the line; its correct location is essential for the controller to work properly and the following instructions shall be carefully followed:

The CT must be situated UPSTREAM ALL LOADS i.e. at a point in the network where the circulating current is the one of the load including that of the capacitors; for example, at mains input of the LV-MCB.

The CT must be situated in the L1 ( R ) phase.

CT orientation (polarisation) is irrelevant because a wrong CT orientation or CT leads swapping

is automatically compensated by the controller.

3.5 SUMMATING TRANSFORMERS

If 2 or more CTs are used (for instance, in the case of systems with two or more transformers in parallel) the connection of the CTs to the controller shall be made through a 5A Summating Transformer providing as many inlets as CTs are being used. The following instructions must be carefully observed:

All the CTs used shall have the same primary and the same secondary values.

All the CTs must be situated on the SAME reference PHASE and their secondary must be connected to the Summating Transformer in the same DIRECTION.

When programming the CT CURRENT VALUE in the BASIC SET-UP, consider the summation of the primary ratings. Example: three 500/5 CTs = one “virtual” CT rated 3x500 = 1500A

3.6 CT AND VT ON HIGH VOLTAGE SIDE

Should the PFC equipment operate on the LV side but the control signals need to be taken from the HT side, it will become necessary for the CT and VT (PT, potential transformer) to be both installed on the HT side in order to avoid likely phase rotations. The VT (PT) secondary value shall not be lower than 100V. NB: In order for the controller to work properly, it shall be programmed to take into account a coefficient as per ADVANCED PROGRAMMING section (step P15 for type 450 or step P14 for type 650).

3.7 CONTROLLER ENERGISATION

Energise the controller. The display and all led indicators (except the banks’ ones) turn on for 2 sec. then:

the AUTO (automatic)) operating mode will be started

the AUTO led indicator will go on

the PF reading will appear on the display When started for the first time, the controller operates on the basis of factory pre-set parameters. Refer to following paragraphs to adapt pre-settings to actual installation parameters.

4.0

FAST START-UP

4.1

BASIC SET UP PROGRAMMING

In order to operate correctly, the controller requires the entry of only two basic parameters i.e. CT Primary Current and Target PF. Being self-determined, the traditional C/K setting is no longer required.

the traditional C/K setting is no longer required. Press the MODE key for approx. 4 sec

Press the MODE key for approx. 4 sec to enter into the BASIC SET-UP procedure.

- the (PROG) indicators will signal the parameter to be programmed.

- the display will show parameter values.

Use the UP / DOWN keys to increase/decrease the value;

single pressure for single variations, steady key pressure for increasingly faster variations. When the desired value is reached, press the SELECT key to confirm & store setting and to proceed to the following step.

& store setting and to proceed to the following step. - • CT PRIMARY CURRENT (flashing
& store setting and to proceed to the following step. - • CT PRIMARY CURRENT (flashing

-

& store setting and to proceed to the following step. - • CT PRIMARY CURRENT (flashing

CT PRIMARY CURRENT (flashing indicator, steady + indicators) Enter the value of the CT primary in Amps. The admitted range is 5 to 12.000 A in steps of 5. Values up to 995 A are shown as Amps, values above 1.000 are shown as kAmps. (example: 2.50 = 2500 A)

above 1.000 are shown as kAmps. (example: 2.50 = 2500 A) • TARGET PF (simultaneous flashing

TARGET PF

(simultaneous flashing

+ +
+
+

indicators)

Enter the value of the Power Factor required (Target PF). The admitted range is 0.50 (ind.) to -.50 (cap.) in steps of 0.01; the “-“ sign stands for Capacitive (leading) value.

the “-“ sign stands for Capacitive (leading) value. When the above programming is completed, press the

When the above programming is completed, press the MODE key to exit set-up mode and to return to AUTO operating mode. If no key is pressed for 30 sec., exit and return to AUTO operating mode is automatic.

NB: Exit from set-up is possible at any point by pressing the

MODE key however, it should be: Exit from set-up is possible at any point by pressing the carefully noted that: -

carefully noted that:

- any variations in parameter value will be retained and stored ONLY when the SELECT key is pressed

- when exiting the set-up procedure, care should be taken to confirm the modified value with the SELECT key before exiting otherwise the controller retains the value displayed before modification.

controller retains the value displayed before modification. 4.2 CHECK SET-UP ENTRIES We recommend checking the SET-UP
controller retains the value displayed before modification. 4.2 CHECK SET-UP ENTRIES We recommend checking the SET-UP

4.2 CHECK SET-UP ENTRIES

We recommend checking the SET-UP entries in order to avoid problems generated by incorrect programming:

- MODE

Press the

key for approx. 4 sec.

- SELECT key to scroll the stored values. Press the

- SELECT key to scroll the stored values.

Press the

- MODE

Press the

key to exit.

The controller is now ready to operate on the basis of CT value and Target PF entered into the BASIC SET-UP.

Warning

The controller operation is also based on additional factory-set working parameters - like switch ON-OFF-delay intervals, alarm thresholds and delays, output contacts, etc. - that are factory pre- programmed according to general use criteria. If the controller is already integrated into a PFC cabinet these values should have already been programmed by the manufacturer of the cabinet. Operating the controller at this stage implies the acceptance by the user of these additional settings. It is otherwise essential to make sure that they are compatible with PFC equipment design and with mains system destination. Refer to the ADVANCED PROGRAMMING section for alteration, if necessary.

4.3 TEST WITH INDUCTIVE LOAD

Turn on the equipment’s General Switch, and make sure that there is an inductive load (for example, motors) sufficient for the Controller to be started (current signal should be greater than 0,05A). All the indicators (except those related to capacitor banks) and all the Display segments light up for approx. 2 sec.; the controller then sets itself to AUTO mode and actual PF reading is displayed. The capacitor banks needed to compensate the load are switched on with the programmed interval until the target PF is reached; the display shows the PF improvement at each bank switch-on. If all the wiring has been properly done and the whole system works correctly it will be noticed that the Controller connects the capacitor banks as the load increases and disconnects them as it decreases. With no load, all banks will automatically be disconnected.

4.4 TEST WITH NO LOAD

will automatically be disconnected. 4.4 TEST WITH NO LOAD Press the MODE key once until the
will automatically be disconnected. 4.4 TEST WITH NO LOAD Press the MODE key once until the

Press the MODE key once until the MAN1 indicator is lit then press the UP key in order to connect one or more banks. After the banks have actually been connected, press the MODE key again to return to the AUTO mode; the display will show a capacitive PF ( “--“ sign before the reading) and all banks will be disconnected. The flashing of the MAN1 led indicator signals an attempt to reconnect a temporarily suspended bank until reconnection delay time has elapsed.

suspended bank until reconnection delay time has elapsed. 5.0 OPERATING THE CONTROLLER 5.1 OPERATING MODES

5.0

OPERATING THE CONTROLLER

5.1

OPERATING MODES

By pressing the

MODE key, three distinct operating modes may be selected in sequence.THE CONTROLLER 5.1 OPERATING MODES By pressing the • Automatic Mode (AUTO) This is the normal

Automatic Mode (AUTO)

This is the normal operating mode; the controller automatically connects/disconnects the capacitor

banks in order to achieve the Target PF. The AUTO indicator flashes (and bank connection is temporarily suspended), if bank reconnection delay time is not yet elapsed.

yellow (AUTO) indicator on

• Manual Mode 1 (MAN1) Pressing the UP /
• Manual Mode 1 (MAN1)
Pressing the
UP /

red (MAN 1) indicator on

DOWN keys enables the manual connection/disconnection of capacitor

banks. The banks are connected progressively (summation). The MAN1 indicator flashes (and bank connection is temporarily suspended), if bank reconnection delay time has not yet elapsed.

Manual Mode 2 (MAN2) red (MAN2) indicator on Earlier connected banks, if any, are automatically released in rapid sequence. Pressing the UP key enables the manual connection of one bank and disconnection of bank connected earlier. The banks are therefore connected individually. The MAN2 indicator flashes (and bank connection is temporarily suspended), if bank reconnection delay time has not yet elapsed.

if bank reconnection delay time has not yet elapsed. For banks’ safety, the Manual mode selection

For banks’ safety, the Manual mode selection is disabled in case of alarm for Over-V, THC% and over-°C. The (Dkvar) alarm instead has no influence on this selection.

When selected, a manual operating mode is maintained until a different selection is made. In case of power supply failure, however, the controller resets and, on power return automatically restarts in the AUTO mode.

5.2 READINGS

When operating in the AUTO mode, the three-digit display provides 5 readings that may be scrolled by pressing the SELECT key. The parameter displayed is identified by the corresponding led indicator:

displayed is identified by the corresponding led indicator: • Power Factor This is the reading normally

Power Factor

This is the reading normally displayed and/or that automatically returns if no key is pressed for 30 sec. This reading refers to the PF metered at CT installation point. The “ – ” sign appears for capacitive (leading) PF

Mains voltage in Volt-rms (V) indicator on This reading refers to mains input voltage (L2-L3 reading)

Reactive power in Kvar-rms

This reading indicates the reactive power missing to reach Target PF or exceeding Target PF

kvar missing to Target PF.

- flashing Dkvar indicator = CAPACITIVE reading = kvar exceeding the Target PF.

Example: 12,5 on display + steady Dkvar indicator = 12,5 kvar are missing to reach the Target PF

Current (harmonics) overload THC %-rms (THC%) indicator on This reading indicates the likely % overload of current generated by harmonics circulating on

capacitors with respect to capacitors’ rated current at capacitors’ rated voltage [100 * (I-I n ) / I n ]. The reading is zero when below or equal to capacitors’ I n (rated current). Ex.1: "15" stands for a 15% current overload i.e. the current circulating on capacitors is 115%I n . Ex.2: "100" stands for a 100% current overload i.e. the current circulating on capacitors is 200%I n . Ex.3: "200" stands for a 200% current overload i.e. the current circulating on capacitors is 300%I n .

default reading (all indicators off)

(Dkvar) indicator on

=

- steady Dkvar indicator

= INDUCTIVE reading

NB: In case of choke-protected capacitor banks, this reading may be unrealistic because it is always calculated according to a THC likely to circulate on capacitors WITHOUT chokes.

Temperature in °C.

This reading indicates the temperature inside the cabinet.

(°C) indicator on

NB: the reading is blanked ( “ – – – ” is shown on the display) during the first 25-30 minutes from controller energisation i.e. during the warm-up time that this reading requires in order to become realistic.

5.3 OTHER INDICATIONS DISPLAYED

The following messages may temporarily appear on display depending on circumstances

UUU

= no voltage signal is detected at terminals 1-2

AAA

= the current signal input (CT output) is below 0,05 A

AL(1÷4) = alarm condition and alarm identification number

“ – – –

= reading temporarily not available

5.4 ALARM FUNCTIONS

The controller is equipped with 4 sophisticated alarm functions designed for PFC equipment protection whenever operation takes place in the AUTO mode and in any of the MAN operating modes.

Over-voltage

(V)

Low-PF

(Dkvar)

Over-current

(THC%)

Over-temperature

(°C)

High mains voltage level (non temporary)

Low PF output (non temporary)

Harmonics overload (over-current) on capacitors.

High inner cabinet temperature

NB: The controller is normally delivered with all 4 alarms enabled. In specific cases or for reasons related to PFC equipment design however, some of the alarms could be purposely disabled. For example, THC% alarm disabled in equipment with capacitors protected by chokes.

5.5 ALARM INDICATION AND EFFECTS

When one alarm trips:

the ALARM and the PARAMETER led indicators flash

the alarm CODE and the reading of parameter under alarm appear alternately on the display

the alarm output contact (where applicable) closes

- terminals 14-15 (unless the output is otherwise programmed)

type 450:

- terminals 23-24 (dedicated output)

type 650:

An automatic release of capacitor banks may take place depending on alarm severity and on alarm set-points.

The Alarm identification codes, the parameters, their triggering points and the effects generated by each alarm are the following:

AL1

Over-V

High mains voltage

Set points

Threshold and delay: as programmed

Effect:

All banks are disconnected following the switch-off interval Banks reconnection is prevented as long as the alarm persists.

AL2

Low-PF

PF outside ind-cap range

Set points

Threshold and delay: as programmed.

Effect:

Automatically disabled in case of small powers (< 66% of 1 st bank power). Display of alarm state only + alarm output contact closing (where applicable). This alarm does not interfere with normal PF regulation process.

AL3

THC%

Harmonic over-current

Set points

Threshold: as programmed; delay: Instantaneous

Effect:

All banks are rapidly disconnected (one bank every 2 sec.)

AL4

Over °C

High cabinet temperature

Set points

Threshold: as programmed; delay: instantaneous

Effect:

All banks are disconnected following the switch-off interval. Banks reconnection is prevented as long as the alarm persists.

In case of multiple alarm condition, the one detected first is triggered.

5.6 ALARM END

Once the alarm condition ceases, the controller automatically restores its normal operation; banks reconnection takes place gradually, after the re-connection delay time and following the controller switch-on routines.

5.7 NO-VOLT RELEASE

An automatic no-volt control device instantly releases all capacitor banks in case of auxiliary power supply interruption above 20 ms. in order to protect capacitors against improper manoeuvres. Banks re-connection is automatic at mains return and after banks' reconnection delay time.

5.8 FAN CONTROL

A relay output is available for control of an external cooling fan. The output contact closes when the inner cabinet temperature exceeds the pre-set fan control threshold and the corresponding led indicator goes on. Fan control is active only if at least one bank is connected. type 450:the output contact (terminals 14-15) operates for fan control only if programmed for this purpose. Refer to Advanced Programming (step P12-P13) for further details. type 650:the output contact (term.21-22) is dedicated to fan control. See also Advanced Programming (step P12).

6.0 ADVANCED PROGRAMMING

Several working parameters are programmable in order to adapt the controller to most diversified PFC equipment design and field applications. The Advanced Programming procedure described in this chapter enables the customisation of these parameters to suit one’s own requirements.

Warning

This section covers a programming area that could potentially generate sever damage to equipment and persons if operated by unauthorised persons. We decline all responsibility connected with inadequate settings or improper alteration of these values.

6.1 ACCESSING ADVANCED PROGRAMMING

For safety reasons, access to this programming mode from the AUTO mode takes place in 2 steps:

(a) Press the

from the AUTO mode takes place in 2 steps: (a) Press the MODE key for approx.

MODE key for approx. 4 sec. to enter the BASIC SET-UP mode

indicators are steadily lit

SELECT key for approx. 4 sec. to enter the ADVANCED PROGRAMMING mode

- the PROG

indicator flashes; the PROG

(b) Press the

- all the PROG

- the display shows a Pxx code to indicate the Parameter Number that can be programmed

(c) Refer to the following paragraphs for actual alteration/programming of parameters.

indicators are steadily lit

6.2 PROGRAMMING KEYS

UP /
UP /

DOWN keys: to increase/decrease the value displayed

SELECT key: to confirm & store the value displayed and/or to pass on to following parameter.

to exit ADVANCED PROGRAMMING and return to the AUTO mode. An automatic exit will also take place if no key is pressed for 30 sec.

MODE key:

NB:

Exit the ADVANCED PROGRAMMING mode is possible at any point by pressing the MODE key. However:

Variation of parameter value is retained and stored ONLY when the SELECT key is pressed

when exiting the programming procedure, make sure to confirm the modified value with the SELECT key before exiting, otherwise the controller will retain the value displayed before modification.

will retain the value displayed before modification. 6.3 PARAMETERS DESCRIPTION Min-Max admitted range of
will retain the value displayed before modification. 6.3 PARAMETERS DESCRIPTION Min-Max admitted range of
will retain the value displayed before modification. 6.3 PARAMETERS DESCRIPTION Min-Max admitted range of

6.3 PARAMETERS DESCRIPTION

Min-Max

admitted range of values; a “0” setting disables the parameter.

step

minimum variation (resolution)

default

factory pre-programmed value according to general use criteria.

new

for annotation of new setting(s) if different from default setting(s)

Common Programming

CODE

Parameter & description

Remarks

Min-Max

step

default

new

P01

Power of 1 st capacitor bank flashing led (kvar) The entry required is 1 st bank rated kvar at capacitors’ rated voltage; if capacitors’ rated voltage is higher than actual mains voltage, the controller will calculate the actual kvar output according to actual mains voltage Kvar decimals are shown up to 100 kvar, kvar integers above

0.5÷500

0.5

0.5

 

P02

led (Volt)

The entry required is the capacitors’ rated voltage

Capacitors rated voltage

flashing

0÷999

 

1

400

(415)

 
 

(

)

P03

Switch-ON interval

(seconds)

2÷250

 

1

20

 

For normal application, this is generally set between 20 and 40 sec. Shorter intervals increase no. of manoeuvres and will cause faster contactors wear out

 

P04

Switch-OFF interval

(seconds)

2÷250

 

1

20

 

This is generally set to the same value as Switch-ON interval

 

P05

Reconnection delay time (second) It prevents reconnection of any bank prior to an adequate rest time to allow proper capacitors discharge. The value depends upon the discharge resistors (generally 3 times the switch-on interval if banks are equipped with quick- discharge resistors) A "0" entry disables this function

0÷250

 

1

60

 

P06

Over-voltage Alarm threshold

(Volt)

0÷995

 

5

450

 

This value depends primarily upon the rated voltage of

 

capacitors used

A "0" entry disables this alarm

P07

Over-voltage Alarm delay time (minutes) The delay time depends upon the time that capacitors can tolerate the programmed over-voltage. However the delay time should be long enough to avoid undesired tripping due to short duration over-voltage.

1÷250

 

1

60

 

P08

Low-PF Alarm threshold

(PF)

0÷1.00

0.01

0.86

 

This set point is symmetrical in order to detect PF irregularities both on inductive and capacitive quadrant. It must be set to a value lower than Target PF (usually 5% lower). Example: a 0.88 setting triggers when actual PF is outside the 0.88(ind) ÷ -.88(cap) range. A "0" entry disables this alarm

P09

Low-PF Alarm delay time

(minutes)

1÷250

 

1

60

 

This generally set to a time sufficiently long to allow the indication of actual PFC equipment failure or malfunction

 

P10

THC% harmonic over-current Alarm threshold (%) This is the value triggering banks switch-off in case of harmonics overload. The value is determined primarily by the capacitors’ characteristics. It’s expressed in %, which refers to capacitors’ rated current (I n ). Example: 25 = 25% = current threshold set at 1,25 In. A "0" entry disables this alarm

0÷200

 

1

25

 

P11

Over-Temperature Alarm threshold (°C) Max. temperature causing automatic banks switch off. Its value depends primarily on capacitors’ temperature class A "0" entry disables this alarm

0÷60

 

1

50

 
 

Specific programming for type

450

only

     

P12

Contact output destination (terminals 14-15)

(choice)

FA / AL

 

-

FA

 

It programs the relay output to trigger for Fan Control (FA) or Alarm (AL)

 

P13

Fan-control temperature threshold (°C) Cooling fan start-up temperature. NB: active only if P12 is set to FA (fan). It’s normally set to 35°C. Lower values are likely to cause fan over-work and reduction of its life A "0" entry disables this function

0÷60

 

1

35

 

P14

Number of Banks (depending upon on-board outputs) (number) In case of unused outputs, it allows to program the no. of controller outputs according to the actual no. of capacitor banks

1÷4

 

1

4

 

1÷6

1

6

P15 *

VT(PT) coefficient

(number)

1.00÷9.99

0.01

1.00

 

Voltage coefficient for measurement via VT-Potential Transformer. This value is the ratio between LV side voltage and VT secondary voltage. Example: 415V LV mains, …/100V VT. The value to set is 415/100 = 4.15

 

Specific programming for type

650

only

     

P12

Fan-control temperature threshold (°C) Cooling fan start-up temperature. It’s normally set to 35°C. Lower values are likely to cause fan over-work and reduction of its life. A "0" entry disables this function

0÷60

 

1

35

 

P13

Number of Banks (depending upon on-board outputs) (number) In case of unused outputs, it allows to program the no. of controller outputs according to the actual no. of capacitor banks

1÷6

 

1

6

 

1÷12

1

12

P14 *

VT (PT) coefficient

(number)

1.00÷9.99

0.01

1.00

 

Voltage coefficient for measurement via VT-Potential Transformer. This value is the ratio between LV side voltage and VT secondary voltage. Example: 415V LV mains, …/100V VT. The value to set is 415/100 = 4.15

*

IMPORTANT: when the CT is placed on the HT side, the CT value entry in the BASIC SET UP needs to be reprogrammed to be: actual CT primary value multiplied by HT / LT ratio. Example: 20.000 / 415V system, 50/5 CT placed on HT side. The correct CT entry is: 50*(20.000/415)=2409,6; round up to 2410; the value to set is 2,41 (kA)

 

In case of alteration of the default values, we recommend noting down in the NEW column the unit Serial No. and the new setting(s) for future reference.

       

450-650 UK manual 0504

6.4 ALARMS DISABLING

The Alarms can be individually disabled by setting their minimum value to “zero” as per “Parameters description table” above. In such cases, the associated delay time setting (where foreseen) may be skipped because it has no influence whatever on its value.

6.5 CHECKING THE ADVANCED PROGRAMMING ENTRIES

In order to check the settings stored in the memory, start from the AUTO mode and proceed as follows:

(1)

(2)

Press the

Press the

- all 3 PROG

- display shows P01 code to indicate the first parameter

Press the

-

shows P01 code to indicate the first parameter Press the - MODE key for approx. 4

MODE key for approx. 4 sec. to enter the BASIC SET-UP mode

SELECT key for approx. 4 sec. to enter the ADVANCED PROGRAMMING mode:

indicators are steadily lit

(3)

SELECT key to scroll parameter codesADVANCED PROGRAMMING mode : indicators are steadily lit (3) press the the value) UP key once

press the

the value)

UP key once only to display actual setting (one pressure only will not change

(4)

-

Press the

press the

SELECT key to pass onto the next parameter MODE key at any point to exit.(one pressure only will not change (4) - Press the press the 7.0 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Voltage

7.0 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

Voltage input

100÷690 Vrms

Frequency

50 / 60 Hz self-determined

Voltage input burden

< 0,1 VA

Power supply (selectable)

230÷240V, 115÷120V ±10%

Power supply consumption

3VA (type 450)

4 VA (type 650)

Current input

5A via external

/5A

CT

Current input burden (at 5 A)

< 0,4 VA

Max. current input

(sinusoidal) 5,5 A

Minimum current input

100 mA

CT range.

5/5 A ÷ 12.000/5 A

CT orientation

Automatic compensation

C/K adjustment

Automatic

PF adjustment

0,50 Ind. / 0,50 Cap.

Readings

PF, V, kvar, THC%, °C

Outputs (steps)

4 or 6 (type 450)

6 or 12 (type 650)

Outputs programming

1-4, 1-6 (type 450)

1-6, 1-12 (type 650)

Output contact rating

(>4 kV insulation) 1.250 VA - 250 Vac

Switch-on interval

2÷250 sec

Switch-off interval

2÷250 sec

Reconnection delay time

0÷250 sec

Switching sequence

self adapting (1.1.1.1

- 1.1.2.2

- 1.2.2.2

- 1.2.3.3

- 1.2.3.4

- 1.2.4.8

- etc.)

Alarms

Over-Voltage alarm

0 ÷ 690 Vac

 

Over-Voltage alarm delay

1÷240 min.

 

Low-PF alarm

0 ÷ 1 PF

 

Low-PF alarm delay

1÷240 min.

 

Over-Current (harmonics) alarm

0 ÷ 200 %

 

Over-Temperature alarm

for fan activation

0÷60 °C

 

for equipment switch-off

0÷60 °C

Low-volt release

> 20 ms

Working temperature range

-10 +55 °C

Relative humidity

RH < 90% (non condensing)

Insulation voltage

2000V for 1 min.

Protection degree

IP54 (front panel), IP 20 rear panel

Casing

self extinguishing plastic (UL94 V0)

Installation

flush mount with 4 self-blocking slide holders

Connection

2,5 mm2 screw terminals

Size (DIN 43700)

96x96x50 mm (type 450)

144x144x50 mm (type 650)

Panel cut

92x92 mm (type 450)

137x137 mm (type 650)

CE

compliance - Ref. standards: EN50081-2 EN55011 EN55014 EN50082-2 ENV50140

EN 61000-4-2 EN61000-4-4

ENV 50204 EN 61000-4-8

Weight

0,450 kg (type 450)

0,680 kg (type 650)

8.0 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY

0,680 kg ( type 650 ) 8.0 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY This unit has been verified for compliance

This unit has been verified for compliance with European regulations for EMC (Electromagnetic compatibility) and bears the CE marking to this effect.

While all care was taken to ensure that the information contained in this manual is correct, no responsibility can be accepted for any inaccuracy. We reserve the right to modify the information herein contained at any moment without prior notice. We decline all responsibility in the event of any unsuitable or incorrect use of the product and cannot be held liable for any direct, indirect or ensuing damage.

NOTES

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Instructions valid only for units with S.No. xxxx 1800 or higher (Disregard the initial 4 digits. Consider only the last 4 digits)

valid only for units with S.No. xxxx 1800 or higher (Disregard the initial 4 digits. Consider
the initial 4 digits. Consider only the last 4 digits) The following space is left empty
the initial 4 digits. Consider only the last 4 digits) The following space is left empty
the initial 4 digits. Consider only the last 4 digits) The following space is left empty
the initial 4 digits. Consider only the last 4 digits) The following space is left empty

The following space is left empty for notes and remarks

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