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UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000

UBUCmember
Sheet Design Options
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Documentation
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Data Storage Note
At present data can be stored for 200 member design checks. Using the Store
Reference Numbers 1001 to 1200, this data can be retrieved & modified.
Additional data rows in multiples of 10 can also be added and or deleted
to suit design needs. Two click buttons in the header of worksheet "Store"
can be used for this purpose.
Effective Section Properties - Aeff & Seff
Equivalent Uniform Factor, mLT - Lateral Torsional Buckling
Equivalent Uniform Moment Factors mx, my - Flexural Buckling
UB/UC Member Design using Simplified Method
CHS Member Design Using More Exact Method
Design Table - Web Bearing & Buckling
UB/UC Section Properties
Revision History
Terms and Conditions of Use
User Notes
Template Features
Notations
Member Design Data Store Worksheet
Design Table - Axial, Shear & Bending Capacity
Member Output Worksheet
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: Home Date Printed: 05/02/2009
Company: ABC Consulting
2009 Techno Consultants
Address: A Road
UBUCmember20081120
B Town
Non-registered copy
Tel: +12 345 678 9012 Fax +12 345 678 3456 Made by Date Page No
Project: Steelwork Construction SURK 05Jan2008 2003
Client: Designer Checked Job No Revision
Element: Member 1001 123456789 A
Load Capacity of UB Member Section to BS5950-1:2000- Simplified Method
Member Ref: Example Member-1091
Section: UB 457x191x74 kg/m Section No: 41 Member Store No: 1091
D mm B mm Ag cm2 t mm T mm d mm rxx cm Zxx cm3 Sxx cm3
457 190.4 94.6 9 14.5 407.6 18.8 1460 1650
M kg/m E N/mm2 Aeff cm2 u x v ryy cm Zyy cm3 Syy cm3
74.3 205000 94.60 0.877 33.8 0.9236 4.2 176 272
Steel Grade S275
Support Type Moment capacity limit factor: 1.20 Sxeff cm3
Effective Length: L
EX
,m 12.995 Slenderness ratiox : Lex / rx 69.12 pc N/mm2 225.07 1568.08
Effective Length: L
EY
,m 3.885 Slenderness ratioy : Ley / ry 92.50 pc N/mm2 155.42 Syeff cm3
Effective Length: L
LT
,m 3.885 Slenderness ratio : Leb / ry 92.50 pb N/mm2 181.07 272.00
Equivalent Uniform Moment Factors for Buckling Resistance: Max.Thickness
w
Factor mx for axial Flexural Buckling about x-axis (Table 26) 1.00 14.5 mm 1.000 0.950350385
Factor my for axial Flexural Buckling about y-axis (Table 26) 1.00
Factor mLT for Lateral-torsional buckling 1.00 Section Classification (Cl 3.5, Table 11)
Factored Applied Loads: Flange, b/T: 6.57 Class 1 Plastic
Axial Fcz , kN 1430.682 Compression Web, d/t: 45.29 Class 3 Semi-compact
Shear Fvy, kN 0.004 Abs[Fvy/Pvy] 0.0000 < 1, OK Overall section classification is: Class 3 Semi-compact
Shear Fvx, kN 1.665 Abs[Fvx/Pvx] 0.0021 < 1, OK Design Strength:
Moment My, kNm 2.129 Perry Factor & Robertson Constants py 275.0 N/mm2 pyr 275.0 N/mm2
Moment Mx, kNm 0.038 Section Type x-axis: 2
Moment M
LT
, kNm 0.038 UB y-axis: 3.5 Shear & Moment Capacities:
Low Fvy shear, Fvy / Pvy <0.6 Low Fvx shear, Fvx/Pvx <0.6
Member in Axial Compression, Shear & Bending Pvy, kN 678.6 Pvx, kN 781.2
Cross-section Capacity to Cl 4.8.3.2 Svx, cm
3
NA Svy, cm
3
NA
Abs[Fc / Ag py] Abs[Mx/Mcx] Abs[My/Mcy] Abs[Usage]
y NA
x NA
0.550 0.000 0.037 0.587 < 1, OK Mcx, kNm 431.22 Mcy, kNm 58.08
Axial Buckling Resistance using Cl 4.8.3.3.1 Compression/Tension Capacity: Pz,Pt=Ag py kN 2601.50
Fc / Pc Abs[m
x
Mx/p
y
Zx] Abs[m
y
My/p
y
Zy] Abs[Usage] Pcx, kN 2129.2 Pcy, kN 1470.3
0.973 0.000 0.044 1.017 >1, Failed Pc, kN 1470.3 Pz=Ag py, kN 2601.50
Lateral Torsional Buckling Resistance using Cl 4.8.3.3.1 Buckling Resistance Moments:
Fc / Pc Abs[m
LT
M
LT
/Mb] Abs[m
y
My/p
y
Zy] Abs[Usage] py Zx, kN-m 401.5 py Zy, kN-m 48.4
0.973 0.000 0.044 1.017 >1, Failed
LT 73.04 Mb, kN-m 283.9
Simple
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: SimpleDesign Date Printed: 05/02/2009
Axial Compression, Shear & Bending Capacity - Steel Grade: S275 - Design Type: Normal Design Using Mb - End Supports:Simply-supported/Cantilever
Material Strength Section Lex, m Ley, m L
ET
, m Fz/Pz Fvy/Pvy Fvx/Pvx Axial Load Capacities Shear Capacities Moment Capacities
Sec Section py pyr Class 12.995 4.852 4.852 0.537816 0.1 0 Pt,Pz Pzeff Pcx Pcy Pvy Pvx py Zx py Zy Mb Mcx Mcy
No Serial Size N/mm2 N/mm2 x y
LT Fz, kN Fvy, kN Fvx, kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kNm kNm kNm kNm kNm
048 UB 406x178x74 275 275.0 Class 1 76.44 120.10 89.68 1397.65 64.71 0.00 2598.75 2598.75 1993.70 1018.00 647.06 807.84 363.00 47.30 216.24 412.50 56.76
049 UB 406x178x67 275 275.0 Class 3 w 76.89 121.60 91.97 1264.54 59.44 0.00 2351.25 2351.25 1795.75 903.12 594.45 722.01 327.25 42.08 186.52 367.36 50.49
050 UB 406x178x60 275 275.0 Class 3 w 77.35 122.22 92.35 1131.43 52.97 0.00 2103.75 2103.75 1599.36 801.64 529.74 646.27 291.50 37.13 158.03 312.92 44.55
051 UB 406x178x54 275 275.0 Class 3 w 78.76 126.03 95.34 1020.51 51.15 0.00 1897.50 1897.50 1421.83 688.32 511.50 550.34 255.75 31.63 132.26 273.01 37.95
052 UB 406x140x46 275 275.0 Class 3 w 79.24 160.13 113.55 866.69 45.24 0.00 1611.50 1611.50 1201.42 388.80 452.39 450.39 213.95 20.82 82.90 219.23 24.98
053 UB 406x140x39 275 275.0 Class 3 w 81.73 169.06 120.04 735.06 42.03 0.00 1366.75 1366.75 991.57 299.37 420.29 345.84 172.98 15.90 60.55 174.27 19.07
054 UB 356x171x67 275 275.0 Class 1 86.06 121.60 88.05 1264.54 54.56 0.00 2351.25 2351.25 1621.09 903.12 545.65 765.18 294.25 43.18 178.43 332.75 51.81
055 UB 356x171x57 275 275.0 Class 1 87.21 124.09 92.88 1073.75 47.85 0.00 1996.50 1996.50 1356.98 742.50 478.47 633.59 246.40 35.48 139.24 277.75 42.57
056 UB 356x171x51 275 275.0 Class 3 w 87.80 125.70 95.05 959.87 43.35 0.00 1784.75 1784.75 1204.12 650.14 433.46 560.48 218.90 31.08 117.36 241.25 37.29
057 UB 356x171x45 275 275.0 Class 3 w 89.62 129.04 97.93 847.46 40.59 0.00 1575.75 1575.75 1038.75 550.02 405.87 472.76 188.93 26.07 95.43 204.19 31.28
058 UB 356x127x39 275 275.0 Class 3 w 90.87 181.04 123.30 736.54 38.49 0.00 1369.50 1369.50 888.17 265.08 384.85 379.44 158.40 15.62 56.28 168.87 18.74
059 UB 356x127x33 275 275.0 Class 3 w 92.82 188.06 129.54 622.66 34.55 0.00 1157.75 1157.75 731.70 209.09 345.51 301.43 130.08 12.29 41.39 134.30 14.75
060 UB 305x165x54 275 275.0 Class 1 99.96 123.46 88.47 1017.55 40.46 0.00 1892.00 1892.00 1083.74 709.41 404.61 646.96 207.35 34.93 124.02 232.65 41.91
061 UB 305x165x46 275 275.0 Class 1 99.96 124.41 92.60 868.17 33.89 0.00 1614.25 1614.25 924.64 597.88 338.95 557.23 177.65 29.70 99.66 198.00 35.64
062 UB 305x165x40 275 275.0 Class 3 w 100.74 125.70 94.48 758.72 30.04 0.00 1410.75 1410.75 799.31 513.90 300.37 481.67 154.00 25.47 81.05 165.31 30.56
063 UB 305x127x48 275 275.0 Class 1 103.96 177.08 110.22 905.14 46.18 0.00 1683.00 1683.00 910.99 339.11 461.84 483.58 169.40 20.24 77.29 195.53 24.29
064 UB 305x127x42 275 275.0 Class 1 104.80 179.70 116.42 789.78 40.55 0.00 1468.50 1468.50 785.46 288.11 405.50 417.95 146.85 17.22 61.48 168.85 20.66
065 UB 305x127x37 275 275.0 Class 1 105.65 181.72 121.59 698.09 35.66 0.00 1298.00 1298.00 685.89 249.54 356.60 369.59 129.53 14.99 50.49 148.23 17.99
066 UB 305x102x33 275 275.0 Class 3 w 103.96 225.67 140.97 618.22 34.05 0.00 1149.50 1149.50 622.21 148.13 340.53 307.29 114.40 10.42 34.76 129.38 12.51
067 UB 305x102x28 275 275.0 Class 3 w 106.52 233.27 148.01 530.96 30.56 0.00 987.25 987.25 515.28 119.57 305.61 250.38 95.70 8.39 25.71 103.77 10.07
068 UB 305x102x25 275 275.0 Class 3 w 109.20 246.29 157.05 467.36 29.20 0.00 869.00 869.00 436.52 95.02 291.98 199.17 80.30 6.66 19.36 86.32 7.99
069 UB 254x146x43 275 275.0 Class 1 119.22 137.84 92.35 810.49 30.84 0.00 1507.00 1507.00 656.99 471.36 308.40 528.44 138.60 25.30 78.61 155.65 30.36
070 UB 254x146x37 275 275.0 Class 1 120.32 139.43 97.31 698.09 26.61 0.00 1298.00 1298.00 557.23 398.22 266.11 453.55 119.08 21.45 62.62 132.83 25.74
071 UB 254x146x31 275 275.0 Class 1 123.76 144.40 104.34 587.16 24.89 0.00 1091.75 1091.75 446.92 315.48 248.89 357.84 96.53 16.86 46.25 108.08 20.23
072 UB 254x102x28 275 275.0 Class 1 123.76 218.56 133.77 533.92 27.07 0.00 992.75 992.75 406.39 135.82 270.69 284.82 84.70 9.60 28.41 97.08 11.52
073 UB 254x102x25 275 275.0 Class 1 126.17 225.67 142.22 473.28 25.46 0.00 880.00 880.00 348.58 113.40 254.63 239.25 73.15 8.03 22.28 84.15 9.64
074 UB 254x102x22 275 275.0 Class 1 128.66 235.53 151.88 414.12 23.89 0.00 770.00 770.00 294.86 91.58 238.89 193.68 61.60 6.46 16.90 71.23 7.76
075 UB 203x133x30 275 275.0 Class 1 149.20 153.06 98.35 564.98 21.84 0.00 1050.50 1050.50 309.00 274.42 218.38 363.53 77.00 15.81 40.12 86.35 18.98
076 UB 203x133x25 275 275.0 Class 1 151.81 156.52 105.47 473.28 19.11 0.00 880.00 880.00 250.78 221.05 191.11 295.37 63.25 12.71 29.90 70.95 15.25
077 UB 203x102x23 275 275.0 Class 1 153.61 205.59 121.05 434.82 18.11 0.00 808.50 808.50 225.50 123.93 181.05 266.27 56.93 8.86 22.07 64.35 10.63
078 UB 178x102x19 275 275.0 Class 1 173.73 204.73 120.68 359.40 14.08 0.00 668.25 668.25 148.34 103.23 140.82 226.18 42.08 7.43 16.20 47.03 8.91
079 UB 152x89x16 275 275.0 Class 1 202.73 231.05 122.33 300.24 11.32 0.00 558.25 558.25 92.56 68.84 113.16 192.56 29.98 5.56 11.41 33.83 6.67
080 UB 127x76x13 275 275.0 Class 1 242.90 263.70 121.96 244.03 8.38 0.00 453.75 453.75 53.19 43.61 83.82 162.52 20.52 4.04 7.85 23.16 4.85
081 UC 356x406x634 245 245.0 Class 1 70.63 44.11 25.88 10646.60 332.09 0.00 19796.00 19796.00 13321.53 15768.64 3320.87 7668.85 2842.00 1134.35 3479.00 3410.40 1361.22
082 UC 356x406x551 245 245.0 Class 1 72.19 44.51 26.98 9249.90 281.96 0.00 17199.00 17199.00 11387.24 13647.17 2819.57 6722.69 2440.20 967.75 2964.50 2928.24 1161.30
083 UC 356x406x467 255 255.0 Class 1 74.26 45.35 28.48 8160.01 239.14 0.00 15172.50 15172.50 9726.78 11887.33 2391.43 6012.31 2136.90 838.95 2550.00 2550.00 1006.74
084 UC 356x406x393 255 255.0 Class 1 75.99 46.21 30.11 6870.87 196.17 0.00 12775.50 12775.50 8034.40 9925.01 1961.67 5100.10 1785.00 693.60 2096.10 2096.10 832.32
085 UC 356x406x340 255 255.0 Class 1 77.35 46.65 31.36 5938.29 165.40 0.00 11041.50 11041.50 6839.18 8540.44 1653.97 4447.04 1537.65 594.15 1785.00 1785.00 712.98
086 UC 356x406x287 265 265.0 Class 1 78.76 47.11 32.77 5216.28 141.44 0.00 9699.00 9699.00 6567.70 7987.61 1414.36 3931.99 1346.20 514.10 1539.65 1539.65 616.92
087 UC 356x406x235 265 265.0 Class 1 79.72 47.57 34.36 4261.38 111.47 0.00 7923.50 7923.50 5308.48 6501.63 1114.65 3253.32 1099.75 416.05 1242.85 1242.85 499.26
088 UC 356x368x202 265 265.0 Class 1 80.71 50.54 37.30 3662.80 98.28 0.00 6810.50 6810.50 4512.51 5455.19 982.76 2767.95 938.10 333.90 1031.44 1052.05 400.68
089 UC 356x368x177 265 265.0 Class 1 81.73 50.86 38.27 3220.98 84.30 0.00 5989.00 5989.00 3922.77 4784.51 843.03 2439.90 821.50 291.50 891.42 916.90 349.80
090 UC 356x368x153 265 265.0 Class 1 82.25 51.13 39.31 2779.16 70.80 0.00 5167.50 5167.50 3364.70 4118.99 707.96 2122.10 710.20 251.22 758.32 787.05 301.46
091 UC 356x368x129 265 265.0 Class 3 f 83.30 51.45 40.25 2337.35 58.80 0.00 4346.00 4346.00 2795.51 3454.73 588.02 1794.04 598.90 210.15 622.51 651.48 252.17
092 UC 305x305x283 255 255.0 Class 1 87.80 58.67 35.64 4937.15 149.79 0.00 9180.00 9180.00 5033.31 6268.69 1497.88 3587.67 1101.60 390.15 1302.89 1303.05 468.18
093 UC 305x305x240 265 265.0 Class 1 89.62 59.53 37.67 4361.15 128.91 0.00 8109.00 8109.00 4834.54 5996.71 1289.09 3187.29 964.60 339.20 1100.70 1126.25 407.04
094 UC 305x305x198 265 265.0 Class 1 91.51 60.35 40.02 3591.53 103.22 0.00 6678.00 6678.00 3888.66 4900.28 1032.24 2654.67 795.00 275.60 872.85 911.60 330.72
File: 05/02/2009 Tab: Axial+Shear+Bending Page 2/4 Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
Bearing & Buckling Capacity of UB & UC Sections
Section Size Flange, T 11 mm
Root, r 10.2 mm
Web, t 7.2 mm
d 160.8 mm
S355
pyw 355 N/mm2
(275/py)^0.5 0.8801408
Section Depth, D 203.2
Section Width, B 203.6
Unstiffened Web Bearing Capacity Pbw to Clause 4.5.2.1:
Stiff Bearing Length, b1 228.2 mm
Beam end to stiff bearing edge, be 0 mm
k=T+r 21.2 mm
n=(2+0.6 be/k) <=5 2.0000
Effective Bearing Length, b1+nk 270.6 mm
Pbw=(b1+nk) t pyw 691.7 kN
Unstiffened Web Buckling Capacity Px to Clause 4.5.3.1:
Proximity to beam end:
Distance from Load to beam end, ae 114.1
Reduction factor for proximity to beam end, K1
K1 = (ae+0.7d)/1.4d <=1 1.0000
Flange Restraints for Position & Direction:
Le/d ratio: 1
Reduction factor for restraint, K2
K2 = 0.7 d/Le 0.7
Px=K1 K2 [25t / Sqrt{(b1+nk)d}] Pbw 367.7 kN
Shear Capacity of the Section
Pv = 0.6 pyw t D 311.6 kN
Home
be
be b1
ae
b1
ae
T
r
d
r
T
UC 203x203x71
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: Web Bearing Buckling Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
Equivalent Uniform Factor, mLT
Lateral Torsional Buckling
Table 18 of BS5950-1:2000
Case-1: Uniformly Varying Moment from End1 to End2
M1, moment at end1 12
M2, moment at end2 25 mLT= 0.79
Case-2: Uniformly Distributed Load Over Full Length
mLT mLT= 0.925
Case-4: Point Load at Distance a/L
a/L 0.2 mLT= 0.7
Case-5: Two Equal Point Loads at 1/3 and 2/3 of Span
mLT mLT= 0.925
Case-6: Cantilever without Lateral Restraint
mLT mLT= 1.00
Case-7 General Case for values of mLT
M2 @1/4 segment 10
M3 @ mid segment 15
M4 @ 3/4 segment 16
Mmax, max in the segment 25 mLT= 0.66
Notes:
Moments M2, M3, M4 & Mmax are all taken as positive values.
Moments M2 & M4 are the values at the quarter points.
Moment M3 is the value at mid-length.
Mmax is the maximum moment in the segment.
44 . 0
15 . 0 5 . 0 15 . 0
2 . 0
max
4 3 2



LT LT
m but
M
M M M
m
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: mLT Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
Equivalent Uniform Moment Factor "m" for flexural Buckling
Table 26 of BS5950-1:2000
1- Uniformly Varying Moment from End1 to End2
M1, moment at end1 1
M2, moment at end2 0.6 m= 0.84
2- Uniformly Distributed Load Over Full Length
m= 0.95
3- Point Load at Distance a/L
a/L 0.333333 m= 0.80
4- Two Equal Point Loads at 1/3 and 2/3 of Span
m= 0.95
5- General Case for Values of m
M2 @1/4 segment 0.7
M3 @ mid segment 0.4
M4 @ 3/4 segment 0.1
M24 max 1/4 to 3/4 segment 0.7
Mmax, max in the segment 1 m= 0.56
Notes:
When M2, M3 and M4 lie on same side of the axis, they are taken
as positive. When they lie on both sides of the axis, the side leading
to the larger value of m is taken as the positive side.
Moments M2 & M4 are the values at the quarter points.
Moment M3 is the value at mid-length.
Mmax is the maximum moment in the segment.
M24 is the maximum moment in the central half of the segment.
Values of Mmax and M24 are always taken as positive.
max
24
max
4 3 2
8 . 0 1 . 0 6 . 0 1 . 0
2 . 0
M
M
m but
M
M M M
m


File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: mFB Date Printed: 05/02/2009
Effective Section Properties of UB & UC Sections - Steel Grade: S355
Strength Section Gross Plastic Axial Fz/Pz Effective Eff.Plastic
Sec Section py Class Area Modulus Capacity 0.6 Area Aeff/Ag Modulus
No Serial Size N/mm2 cm2 cm3 Pz, kN Fz, kN cm2 Sx eff cm3
068 UB 305x102x25 355 Class 3 w 31.6 342 1121.8 673.1 31.60 1.000 293
069 UB 254x146x43 355 Class 1 54.8 566 1945.4 1167.2 54.80 1.000 566
070 UB 254x146x37 355 Class 1 47.2 483 1675.6 1005.4 47.20 1.000 483
071 UB 254x146x31 355 Class 3 f w 39.7 393 1409.4 845.6 39.70 1.000 387
072 UB 254x102x28 355 Class 3 w 36.1 353 1281.6 768.9 36.10 1.000 350
073 UB 254x102x25 355 Class 3 w 32 306 1136.0 681.6 32.00 1.000 296
074 UB 254x102x22 355 Class 3 w 28 259 994.0 596.4 28.00 1.000 243
075 UB 203x133x30 355 Class 1 38.2 314 1356.1 813.7 38.20 1.000 314
076 UB 203x133x25 355 Class 2 f 32 258 1136.0 681.6 32.00 1.000 258
077 UB 203x102x23 355 Class 1 29.4 234 1043.7 626.2 29.40 1.000 234
078 UB 178x102x19 355 Class 1 24.3 171 862.7 517.6 24.30 1.000 171
079 UB 152x89x16 355 Class 1 20.3 123 720.7 432.4 20.30 1.000 123
080 UB 127x76x13 355 Class 1 16.5 84.2 585.8 351.5 16.50 1.000 84
081 UC 356x406x634 325 Class 1 808 14200 26260.0 15756.0 808.00 1.000 14200
082 UC 356x406x551 325 Class 1 702 12100 22815.0 13689.0 702.00 1.000 12100
083 UC 356x406x467 335 Class 1 595 10000 19932.5 11959.5 595.00 1.000 10000
084 UC 356x406x393 335 Class 1 501 8220 16783.5 10070.1 501.00 1.000 8220
085 UC 356x406x340 335 Class 1 433 7000 14505.5 8703.3 433.00 1.000 7000
086 UC 356x406x287 345 Class 1 366 5810 12627.0 7576.2 366.00 1.000 5810
087 UC 356x406x235 345 Class 1 299 4690 10315.5 6189.3 299.00 1.000 4690
088 UC 356x368x202 345 Class 1 257 3970 8866.5 5319.9 257.00 1.000 3970
089 UC 356x368x177 345 Class 1 226 3460 7797.0 4678.2 226.00 1.000 3460
090 UC 356x368x153 345 Class 3 f 195 2970 6727.5 4036.5 195.00 1.000 2968
091 UC 356x368x129 345 Class 3 f 164 2480 5658.0 3394.8 164.00 1.000 2380
092 UC 305x305x283 335 Class 1 360 5110 12060.0 7236.0 360.00 1.000 5110
093 UC 305x305x240 345 Class 1 306 4250 10557.0 6334.2 306.00 1.000 4250
094 UC 305x305x198 345 Class 1 252 3440 8694.0 5216.4 252.00 1.000 3440
095 UC 305x305x158 345 Class 1 201 2680 6934.5 4160.7 201.00 1.000 2680
096 UC 305x305x137 345 Class 1 174 2300 6003.0 3601.8 174.00 1.000 2300
097 UC 305x305x118 345 Class 2 f 150 1960 5175.0 3105.0 150.00 1.000 1960
098 UC 305x305x97 355 Class 3 f 123 1590 4366.5 2619.9 123.00 1.000 1543
099 UC 254x254x167 345 Class 1 213 2420 7348.5 4409.1 213.00 1.000 2420
100 UC 254x254x132 345 Class 1 168 1870 5796.0 3477.6 168.00 1.000 1870
101 UC 254x254x107 345 Class 1 136 1480 4692.0 2815.2 136.00 1.000 1480
102 UC 254x254x89 345 Class 1 113 1220 3898.5 2339.1 113.00 1.000 1220
103 UC 254x254x73 355 Class 3 f 93.1 992 3305.1 1983.0 93.10 1.000 987
104 UC 203x203x86 345 Class 1 110 977 3795.0 2277.0 110.00 1.000 977
105 UC 203x203x71 345 Class 1 90.4 799 3118.8 1871.3 90.40 1.000 799
106 UC 203x203x60 355 Class 1 76.4 656 2712.2 1627.3 76.40 1.000 656
107 UC 203x203x52 355 Class 2 f 66.3 567 2353.7 1412.2 66.30 1.000 567
108 UC 203x203x46 355 Class 3 f 58.7 497 2083.9 1250.3 58.70 1.000 490
109 UC 152x152x37 355 Class 1 47.1 309 1672.1 1003.2 47.10 1.000 309
110 UC 152x152x30 355 Class 2 f 38.3 248 1359.7 815.8 38.30 1.000 248
111 UC 152x152x23 355 Class 3 f 29.2 182 1036.6 622.0 29.20 1.000 170
112 RSJ 254x203x82 345 Class 1 105 1080 3622.5 2173.5 105.00 1.000 1080
113 RSJ 254x114x37 355 Class 1 47.3 459 1679.2 1007.5 47.30 1.000 459
114 RSJ 203x152x52 345 Class 1 66.6 541 2297.7 1378.6 66.60 1.000 541
115 RSJ 152x127x37 355 Class 1 47.5 279 1686.3 1011.8 47.50 1.000 279
116 RSJ 127x114x29 355 Class 1 37.4 181 1327.7 796.6 37.40 1.000 181
117 RSJ 127x114x27 355 Class 1 34.2 172 1214.1 728.5 34.20 1.000 172
118 RSJ 127x76x16 355 Class 1 21.1 104 749.1 449.4 21.10 1.000 104
119 RSJ 114x114x27 355 Class 1 34.5 151 1224.8 734.9 34.50 1.000 151
120 RSJ 102x102x23 355 Class 1 29.3 113 1040.2 624.1 29.30 1.000 113
121 RSJ 102x44x7 355 Class 1 9.5 35.4 337.3 202.4 9.50 1.000 35
122 RSJ 89x89x19 355 Class 1 24.9 82.7 884.0 530.4 24.90 1.000 83
123 RSJ 76x76x15 355 Class 1 19.1 54.2 678.1 406.8 19.10 1.000 54
124 RSJ 76x76x13 355 Class 1 16.2 48.7 575.1 345.1 16.20 1.000 49
125 UBP 356x368x174 345 Class 3 f 221 3190 7624.5 4574.7 221.00 1.000 3148
126 UBP 356x368x152 345 Class 3 f 194 2770 6693.0 4015.8 194.00 1.000 2635
127 UBP 356x368x133 355 Class 3 f 169 2410 5999.5 3599.7 169.00 1.000 2215
128 UBP 356x368x109 355 Class 4 f 139 1960 4934.5 2960.7 139.00 1.000 -
129 UBP 305x305x223 345 Class 1 284 3650 9798.0 5878.8 284.00 1.000 3650
130 UBP 305x305x186 345 Class 1 237 3000 8176.5 4905.9 237.00 1.000 3000
131 UBP 305x305x149 345 Class 1 190 2370 6555.0 3933.0 190.00 1.000 2370
132 UBP 305x305x126 345 Class 2 f 161 1990 5554.5 3332.7 161.00 1.000 1990
133 UBP 305x305x110 355 Class 3 f 140 1720 4970.0 2982.0 140.00 1.000 1647
134 UBP 305x305x95 355 Class 3 f 121 1470 4295.5 2577.3 121.00 1.000 1361
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: EffectiveProperties Page 2/3 Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
Notations
A Cross sectional area
Ao Rectliner shear area of the cross-section which has the largest dimension in the direction parallel to
the shear force Cl 4.2.3.
A
eff
Effective area of Class 4 slender cross-sections
A
g
Area of the gross cross-section
a
e
Distance from beam end to the centre of load width (web bearing/buckling check).

Ratio b/T, b/t, D/t or d/t that exceeds 3

3
Limiting ratio b/T, b/t, D/t or d/t given in Table 11 or 12 for class 3 semi-compact sections
B Flange width
be Distance from beam end to the edge of load width (web bearing/buckling check)
b1 Load width (web bearing/buckling check)
D Overall depth of the member
d Depth of the web of the member
F Axial load (+ve compression -ve tension)
F
c
Design axial force (+ve for being in compression)
Ft Desing axial force in tension (-ve for being in tension)
F
v
Design shear force
F
vx
Design shear force in the x-x axis [coupled with M
y
]
F
vy
Design shear force in the y-y axis [coupled with M
x
]
hs distance between the shear centres of the flanges
H Wrapin constant
L
E
Effective length
Ix second moment of area about the major axis
Iy second moment of area about the minor axis
J torsion constant
M
b
Buckling resistance moment
M
cx
Moment capacity about the major axis
M
cy
Moment capacity about the minor axis
M
LT
Design major axis moment for lateral-torsional buckling check
M
x
Design bending moment for bending about the major axis
M
y
Design bending moment for bending about the minor axis
m
LT
Equivalent uniform moment factor for lateral-torsional buckling
m
x
Equivalent uniform moment factor for major axis flexural buckling
m
y
Equivalent uniform moment factor for minor axis flexural buckling
m
yx
Equivalent uniform moment factor for lateral flexural buckling
p
b
Bending strength for lateral-torsional buckling
pbr Bending strength for lateral-torsional buickling of Class 4 sections using pyr
pyf design strength of the flanges
pyw design strength of the web (but pyw <= pyf)
p
c
Compressive strength, smaller of Pcx and Pcy
P
cx
Compression resistance for buckling about major axis only
P
cy
Compression resistance for buckling about minor axis only
Pt Axial capacity of section in tension
P
v
Shear capacity of the section
P
vx
Shear capacity in the x-x axis [coupled with M
cy
]
P
vy
Shear capacity in the y-y axis [coupled with M
cx
]
Pz Axial capacity of section in compression
p
y
design strength to Cl 3.1.1
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: Notations Page 1/2 Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
Notations
p
yr
reduced design strength for Class 4 sections to Cl 3.6.5
r1 Strees ratio in the web for section classification, defined in Cl 3.5.5
r2 Stress ratio in the gross section for section classification, defined in Cl 3.5.5
S
x
Plastic modulus of the gross section about the major axis
S
x,eff
Plastic modulus of the effective section about the major axis
S
y
Plastic modulus of the gross section about the minor axis
S
y,eff
Plastic modulus of the effective section about the minor axis
t Web thickness
T Flange thickness
u buckling parameter (Cl 4.3.6.8)
v Slenderness factor (Cl 4.3.6.7)
Z
x
Elastic modulus of the gross section about the major axis
Z
x,eff
Elastic modulus of the effective section about the major axis
Z
y
Elastic modulus of the gross section about the minor axis
Z
y,eff
Elastic modulus of the effective section about the minor axis
Reduction factor due to shear
Slenderness ratio e.g. L
E
/ry
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: Notations Page 2/2 Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
Features of UBUCmember
UBUCmember is an Excel Template for the design of Universal Beam & Column section members. It
also stores data for retrieval and changes when designing members subject to axial load, shear and
moments.
In general, the methods used and results obtained are as in the Steelwork Design Guide to BS 5950-
1:2000, Volume 1, 6th Edition, The Steel Construction Institute, BCSA, 2001.
Features

UBUCmember helps design and check rolled UB, UC , RSJ and UBP steel section members to BS 5950-
1:2000

Number of UB, UC & RSJ sections that can be selected for design are over 140.

Steel grades can be S275, S355 & S60. Grade selection is via pull-down values of a cell in the table-
header.

The colour of table cells in the first 3 left columns and 3 header cells change to indicate the selected
grade; red= S275, green= S355 & yellow= S460

Supports can be simply supported, cantilever or continuous at one or both ends. The selection is via pull
down list in a header-cell. As stated in Cl 4.2.5.1, this is to avoid irreversible deformation under
serviceability loads. The values of Mc are limited to 1.5 py Z generally and to 1.2 py Z in the case of
simply supported beam or a cantilever.

The effective lengths Lx, Ly & L


ET
affecting the member capacities can be defined to suit the design
details.

Member loads can be combined shear, bending and axial force in both the x and y direction.

The checks are carried out with using the 'simplified method' given in BS5950-1:2000.

Reduction in bending moment capacity is taken into account for "high shear" condition, for both X & Y
direction.

When in axial tension, the lateral-torsional buckling check in the 'simplified method' is applicable and
used.

The cross-section capacity check is "F


c
/P
c
" when the axial force is compression and "Ft/Pt" when in
tension.

Data for well over 3000 members can be stored within its file for later retrievals & revisions. Rows can be
added and or deleted in multiples of 10, starting from a minimum 200 rows.

Using a reference number starting from 1001upwards, each member data can be retrieved, changed and
re-saved with ease at a later date.

The data in the worksheet STORE is visible to the user. Using spreadsheet features of Excel, new data
can be generated and the existing one examined and or modified.

The template has Excel user interface. The printed Output matches the Screen Display. Knowing how
to use Excel and the ability to verify results as a designer is sufficient for using UBUCmember.

Shaded cells in the spreadsheet signify User-Input. Un-shaded cells signify Spreadsheet-Results. This
permits easy checking at a glance by the users and the checkers of UBUCmember output.

To assist in the design processes, the template allows preparatory design calculations for Equivalent
Uniform Moment Factors m
x
, m
y
& mLT.

The template includes an interactive table that gives values of member strength for over 140 sections
based on steel grade, 3 effective lengths in buckling, support types and levels of axial load in the
member.

Buckling resistance moment capacity can be Mb for normal design or Mbs for columns in simple
construction. The selection of Mb or Mbs is via pull down list in a header cell.

A worksheet Web Bearing Buckling is included to help calculate Unstiffened Web Bearing Capacity
Pbw to Clause 4.5.2.1, Unstiffened Web Buckling Capacity Px to Clause 4.5.3.1and Shear Capacity of
the Section Pv.
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: Features Page 1/1 Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
User Notes for UBUCmember
An Excel Template for the Design of UB & UC Sections to BS5950-1:2000 by
Dr Shaiq U.R. Khan
BEng (Civil), MEng, PhD, PE, CEng, FIStructE
December 2008
Techno Consultants Ltd
www.technouk.com
Introduction
This template helps design UB & UC section members to BS5950-1:2000. The method of design is the
"Simplified Method" to Clause 4.8.3.3.1.
Based on the specified effective lengths and given values of axial load, shear and moment, member
design can be checked for strength adequacy and or sized by using UBUCmember.
In addition to axial load and moments in two directions, the shear load can be in the X as well as the Y-
direction. The vertical shear Fy is considered as being resisted by the web and the horizontal shear Fx
resisted by the two flanges.
To assist the design processes, the template also allows the following preparatory calculations:
Equivalent Uniform Moment Factor mLT for Lateral Torsional Buckling based on Table-18 of
BS5950, and
Equivalent Uniform Moment Factor m for Flexural Buckling based on Table-26 of BS5950.
An interactive table gives values of member strength for over 100 sections based on steel grade, 3
effective lengths in buckling, support types and levels of axial load in the member.
Unstiffened Web bearing and buckling capacities of UB & UC Sections
In general the design method employed in this template is similar to that described in the Blue book [Ref.
2] except for some difference for Class 4 section members described later.
Method of Use
The worksheet Home navigates to various parts of the template via clicking of various buttons.
When designing members, data is input and results obtained via worksheet SimpleDesign. The green
shaded cells only can be selected and modified for data input.
The procedure for designing and checking a member is:
- select a UB or UC section from the drop down list;
- select the steel grade from the list (S275, S355 or S460 );
- input appropriate values of design 2 shears, 2 moments and 1 axial force;
- input appropriate value of effective lengths, 2 for compression resistances and 1 for buckling
resistance moment;
- choose whether or not the member supports are simply-supported, cantilever or continuous
- input values for the equivalent uniform moment factors.
Data Storage
Design data can be stored in worksheet Store for more than say 3000 members, as required. Two
buttons in the header of worksheet "Store" allow the addition and deletion of data rows.
Starting from a minimum of 200 members, data rows are added and or deleted in multiples of 10 and up to
1000 rows at a time .
When familiarity has been gained, data in the worksheet "Store" can be modified directly for ease and
Auto Analysis of all members. This worksheet includes columns which summarize the usage levels and
status for each member. Overstressed members can be identified at a glance.
A data reference number starting from 1001 upwards is used for each member data. The data can be
recalled, amended and or re-stored later for any member by the use of this reference number.
The worksheet SimpleDesign has buttons to allow retrieval of the stored data. Relevant buttons at the
top of this worksheet can be clicked to store, retrieve, display-next or display-previous member data.
Auto Analysis and or Paper Printing of Results
A facility via worksheet "Store" provides an option to analyse and or print all members by a single click of
the Auto Analyse/Print Button.
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: Notes Page 1/6 Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
To use this facility, there are two rightmost columns (coloured yellow) in the worksheet Store. One
column is headed Analyse Y? and the other Print Y?. An Auto Analyse/Print Button is also located at
the top of these two columns.
Entering Y in these two columns signifies that the member in the row needs analysing and or its results
printing. Leaving the cells blank signifies that the respective member is not to be analysed and or printed.
This auto facility is useful when all or a selected few members are to be analysed and or printed after
corrections to the design data e.g. changes in steel grade, effective lengths, loading, supports, etc.
These changes can be made directly in the worksheet STORE; this however requires a good
understanding of the stored data. Caution is therefore necessary for obtaining valid results and to avoid
fouling of the stored data.
Auto Analysis and or Digital Output of Results
The use of this option is similar to the previous section. Clicking of this button writes the results in the
worksheet Output rather than print on paper.
These results in the "Output" worksheet can then be copied and or processed elsewhere for presentation
and or emailing.
Member Strength Table: Axial+Shear+Bending Worksheet
This table displays axial, shear and bending capacities of UB, UC & RSJ sections with the following
features:
1. Number of UB, UC & RSJ sections are 141 from worksheet "UBUCprop".
2. The steel grades can be S275, S355 & S460. The selection of grade is via pull-down values in a
header cell. If required, steel grades for some previous periods can also be selected.
3. The colour of table cells in the first 3 left columns and 3 header cells changes to indicate the selected
grade; red= S275, green= S355 & yellow= S460
4. Buckling resistance moment capacity can be Mb for normal design or Mbs for columns in simple
construction. The selection of Mb or Mbs is via pull down list in a header cell.
5. Supports can be simply supported, cantilever or continuous at one or both ends. The selection is via
pull down list in a header-cell. As stated in Cl 4.2.5.1, this is to avoid irreversible deformation under
serviceability loads; the values of Mc are limited to 1.5 py Z generally and to 1.2 py Z in the case of simply
supported beam or a cantilever.
6. The effective lengths Lx, Ly & L
ET
affecting the member capacities can be defined to suit the design in 3
header cells at top.
7. The axial load to section axial capacity ratios can be defined to suit the design via 3 header cells at top.
These ratios are:
Fz/Pz = Applied axial load to section axial capacity ratio. This affects the section classification & the
value is in the range +1 to -1, where +ve Compression & -ve Tension
Fvy/Pvy = Applied shear load to shear capacity ratio in the Y-direction (range 0 to 1). Load is
assumed passing through the section centroid.
Fvx/Pvx = Applied shear load to shear capacity ratio in the X-direction (range 0 to 1). Load is
assumed shared equally between the 2 flanges.
Section Dimensions and Properties: Worksheet UBUCprop
There are over 140 sections in this worksheet for member design. This worksheet is protected with no
password. Hence the users can change and incorporate their own properties if required.
Although included in this template, the ratios of the flange outstand to its thickness (b/T) and the web
depths to its thickness (dlt) are calculated within the template itself for better accuracy.
Bearing & Buckling Capacity of UB & UC Sections
The worksheet Web Bearing Buckling helps calculate:
Pbw = Unstiffened Web Bearing Capacity Pbw to Clause 4.5.2.1
Px = Unstiffened Web Buckling Capacity Px to Clause 4.5.3.1
Pv = Shear Capacity of the Section
To calculate the above values:
Section size can be selected from the drop-down cell for 141 sections
Steel grade can be S275, S355 & S460 and is selected from drop down cell values
Dimension b1 & b2 and ratio Le/d can be changed in 3 green colour cells.
Equivalent Uniform Factor, mLT for Lateral Torsional Buckling
The factor m
LT
for lateral-torsional buckling is obtained from Table 18 (but observing cl. 4.3.6.6 ) for the
pattern of major axis moments over the segment length L
LT
governing M
b
.
The worksheet mLT helps calculate this Factor mLT. Based on Table 18 of BS5950-1:2000, there are 7
cases of span moment variation for which this factor can be calculated.
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: Notes Page 2/6 Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
Equivalent Uniform Moment Factor m for Flexural Buckling
Two factors m
x
& m
y
need to be defined for member design.
The factor m
x
is for the major axis flexural buckling. It is obtained from Table 26 by observing cl.
4.8.3.3.4 for the pattern of major axis moments over the segment length L
x
governing P
cx
.
The factor m
y
is for the minor axis flexural buckling. It is obtained from Table 26 by observing cl.
4.8.3.3.4 for the pattern of minor axis moments over the segment length L
y
governing P
cy
.
The worksheet mFB helps calculate these two factors mx and my . Based on Table 26 of BS5950-
1:2000, there are 5 cases of span moment variation for calculating this factor.
Design Method for Class 4 Slender Sections
Similar to the casual use of Blue Book by designers, this template deals with the strength of Class 4
sections as follows:
Similar to the Blue Book in axial compression (i.e. Pz, Pcx, Pcy & Pc), the effective section area in
conjunction with the normal design strength is used.
Similar to the Blue Book in bending (i.e. Mcx, Mcy & Mb), the gross section modulus is used in
conjunction with a reduced design strength. Unlike axial compression, the effective section modulus
is not used (because the method to calculate it under compression is complex and not given in the
code).
Unlike the Blue Book in shear (i.e. Pvx, Pvy), gross section area is used in conjunction with a
reduced design strength. This gives a conservative estimate of strength in relation to the Blue Book.
The above notes mean that the alternative method of Cl 3.6.5 is used for bending and shear but not for
axial compression.
Design Strength
The member capacity and resistance values are based on the following values of design strength py:
For Grade S275,
py= 275 for T <= 16 mm
py= 265 for T <= 40 mm
py= 255 for T <= 63 mm
py= 245 for T <= 80 mm
py= 235 for T <= 100 mm
py= 225 for T <= 150 mm
For Grade S355,
py= 355 for T <= 16 mm
py= 345 for T <= 40 mm
py= 335 for T <= 63 mm
py= 325 for T <= 80 mm
py= 315 for T <= 100 mm
py= 295 for T <= 150 mm
For Grade S460,
py= 460 for T <= 16 mm
py= 440 for T <= 40 mm
py= 430 for T <= 63 mm
py= 410 for T <= 80 mm
py= 400 for T <= 100 mm
In addition, UBUCmember also allows the use of steel stresses for some previous periods. Whereas the
current grade is S275, the previous grades have been named as S275.1, S275.2, S275.3, S275.4, S275.5,
S275.6 & summarised below together with the yield stresses used.
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: Notes Page 3/6 Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
The above stresses are based on the best available information and not an agreed & verified information
in the profession.
Section Classification (Cl. 3.5)
Section classification is determined to Table 11 for both flange and web. The higher classification of the
two is then selected as the overall classification for a given section.
The limits for the classification of the flange are:
b /T 9 --> class 1
10 --> class 2
15 --> class 3
> 15 --> class 4
The limits for the classification of the web are:
d /t 80 /(1+r
1
) , but 40 for class 1- plastic
100 /(1+r
1
), but 40 for class 2 - compact in tension
100 /(1+1.5r
1
) , but 40 for class 2 - compact in compression
120 /(1+r
2
), but 40 for class 3- semi-compact
> 120 /(1+r
2
), but 40 for class 4- slender
Where:
= (275/py)
^0.5
r1 = Fc/d t pyw) but >-1 and <=1
r2 = Fc / (Ag pyw)
The overall section class is higher of the flange and the web class.
For Slender sections, all of the current UB and UC sections are never slender under pure bending.
However, some of these sections can become slender when subject to compression, due to their web
becoming slender.
Tension Capacity, Pt (Cl 4.6.1)
The tension capacity is obtained by ignoring any missing areas due to bolt holes, given by:
Pt = py Ag
The load is assumed concentric to the section centroid. Any eccentricity that may be present needs to be
accounted for by including its influence in the moments Mx and My.
No allowance is made for any reduction in area due to holt holes.
Compression Capacity, Pt (Cl 4.6.1)
The strength relates to the section capacity and is obtained by ignoring any missing areas due to bolt
holes, given by:
Pz = py Ag for Class 1, 2 or 3 sections
py Aeff for Class 4 slender sections
The load is assumed concentric to the section centroid. Any eccentricity that may be present needs to be
accounted for by including its influence in the moments Mx and My.
Compression Resistance, P
c
(Cl 4.7)
The effective lengths L
x
and L
y
are required for buckling about the major and the minor axis. When a
member is fully restrained in a plane, the effective length can be "0".
The slenderness ratio is then determined from cl. 4.7.2 as:
= L
E
/ r
x
for determining P
cx
,
= L
E
/ r
y
for determining P
cy
.
The compressive strength, p
c
, is determined from the formulae given in Annex C.1 and C.2 as follows:
pc = p
E
py / (| + (|
^2
- p
E
py)
^0.5
))
where:
p
E
= t^2 E / ^2
| = [py + (q+1)p
E
] / 2

o
= 0.2 (t
^2
E/py)
= a ( -
o
)/1000 but 0
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: Notes Page 4/6 Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
a = 2.0for curve a), 3.5for curve b), 5.5for curve c) and 8.0for curve d)
The compression resistance is given by cl. 4.7.4 as:
P
c
= A
g
p
c
for Class 1, 2 or 3
A
eff
p
cs
for Class 4
where p
cs
is the value of p
c
for a reduced slenderness = (A
eff
/A
g
)
^0.5
For welded I or H sections pc is obtained by using a py value 20 N/mm2 below that for rolled sections.
This reduced py however applies only when calculating pc using the above formulae in Annex C.1 - see Cl
4.7.5
Buckling Resistance Moment, M
b
(Cl. 4.3)
The effective length L
E
is required for buckling about major axis and minor axis. When a member is fully
restrained laterally, the effective length can be "0".
The slenderness ratio is then determined from cl. 4.7.2 as: = L
E
/ r
y
.
The equivalent slenderness
LT
is given in cl. 4.3.6.7 as:
LT
= u v Sqrt(w)
where
u = buckling parameter of the section
v = 1 / [1 + 0.05 ( /x)
^2
]
^0.25
x = torsional index of the section

w
= 1 (for Class 1 or 2),S
xeff
/S
x
(for Class 3),Z
x,eff
/S
x
(for Class 4)
The bending strength, p
b
, is determined from the formulae given in Annex B.2 as follows:
pb = p
E
py / (|
LT
+ (|
LT
^2
- p
E
py)
^0.5
))
where:
p
E
= t^2 E /
LT
^2
|
LT
= [py + (q
LT
+1)p
E
] / 2

LT
= o
LT
(
LT
-
L0
)/1000 but LT 0

Lo
= 0.4 (t
^2
E/py)
o
LT
= 7.0
The buckling resistance moment is obtained from cl. 4.3.6.4 as:
M
b
= p
b
S
x
for Class 1 or 2
p
b
S
xeff
for Class 3
p
br
Zx for Class 4
Shear Capacity, P
v
(Cl. 4.2.3)
The shear capacity is given by:
P
v
= 0.6*p
y
*A
v
for Class 1, 3 and 3 sections, and
0.6*p
yr
*A
v
for Class 4 sections (using p
yr
as per Cl 3.6.5).
For P
vy
, the shear area A
v
is given by cl. 4.2.3.a) :A
v
= tD
For P
vx
, the shear area A
v
is given by cl. 4.2.3.h) :A
v
= 0.9 A
o
,
where A
o
= 2T(B-t ).
This equation for Ao ensures that common portion of the section in the flange and the web is not included
twice in resisting shear.
When calculating the moment capacity Mc, it is necessary to establish whether the section is in 'low shear'
(F
v
0.6*P
v
) or 'high shear' (F
v
> 0.6*P
v
). When the section is in high shear, the moment capacity Mc
is reduced as per Cl 4.2.5).
Moment Capacity, M
c
(Cl. 4.2.5)
As stated in cl. 4.2.5.1 , to avoid irreversible deformation under serviceability loads, the value of M
c
is
limited to:1.2 p
y
Z in case of a simply supported beam or a cantilever, or 1.5 py Z in any other case.
In case of 'low shear', the moment capacity using cl. 4.2.5.2 is given by:
M
c
= p
y
S for Class 1 or 2
p
y
Seff for Class 3
p
yr
Z for Class 4
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: Notes Page 5/6 Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
In case of 'high shear', the moment capacity using cl. 4.2.5.3 is given by:
M
c
= p
y
(S-S
v
) for Class 1 or 2
p
y
(Seff -S
v
/1.5) for Class 3
p
yr
(Z-S
v
/1.5) for Class 4
where:
S
v
= plastic modulus of the shear area A
v
defined in the notes on the "Shear capacity "
= [2 (F
v
/P
v
)-1]
2
When the section is Class 4 slender due to the web, the moment capacities are calculated using a
reduced design strength pyr and the gross section properties, instead of py Zeff (Cl 3.6.5).
It is worth noting that for rolled UB/UC sections the ratio d /t never exceeds 70 and hence there is no
need to check for shear buckling.
Cross-Section Capacity Check
For members subject to compression plus bending, the interaction check is to cl. 4.8.3.2 .
For members subject to tension plus bending, the interaction check is to cl. 4.8.2.2 .
Member Buckling Resistance Check
For members subject to compression plus bending, the interaction check is to cl. 4.8.3.3.1 using the
'simplified method' .
Effective Section Properties: Worksheet UBUCprop
When designing class 3 semi-compact and class 4 slender cross-sections to BS 5950-1: 2000, effective
section properties are required. These properties depend upon the grade of steel used and the level of
axial compression.
The use of this worksheet is self explanatory. It gives effective section properties for steel grades S275,
S355 & S460 and the level of axial load in relation to section capacity. In the top header rows of this
worksheet, the steel grade can be selected and the axial load Fz/Pz ratios defined.
.
The range of applied axial load to section axial capacity Fz/Pz ratio is +1 to -1. The values are +ve for
Compression & -ve for Tension.
Effective Plastic Modulus of Class 3 Semi-compact Section
For class 3 semi-compact I or H sections with equal flanges, the effective plastic moduli Sxeff and Syeff
about the major and minor axes is obtained by using equations in Cl 3.5.6.2.
Effective Area of Class 4 Slender Sections
This area applies to Class 4 slender sections only. When web controls the section classification, the
effective area is:
Aeff = Ag - t ( d - 40 t c) for both rolled and welded sections
When flanges controls the section classification, the effective area is:
Aeff = Ag - T ( B - 60 T c) for rolled sections, and
Aeff = Ag - T ( B - 52 T c) for welded sections.
Effective Elastic Modulus of Class 4 Slender Sections
Under axial load, the code gives no method for calculating this value of Zeff. Hence the alternative
method given Cl 3.6.5 is used, which obviates the need to calculate this Zeff value.
In calculating the Class 4 section resistance in bending, while normal elastic modulus Z is used the design
strength is reduced.
The value of the reduced design strength pyr is obtained from:
p
yr
= (|
3
/ |)
2
p
y
Notations
The symbols used are generally the same as those in BS 5950-1: 2000. They are as listed in the
worksheet "Notations ".
References
1) BS 5950 Part 1: 2000 - Code of practice for design - Rolled and welded sections
2) Steelwork Design Guide to BS5950-1: 2000, Volume 1, Section Properties, 6th Edition, The Steel
Construction Institute, BCSA, 2001
File: UBUCmember20081120-.xlt Tab: Notes Page 6/6 Date Printed: 05/02/2009
UB & UC Member Design to BS 5950-1:2000
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