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Great Warrior King

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B[LDAD .KAGGIA Voice of (be People

MOT-:']Ai¥.lED AM]N 1" he Eyes of Africa. ,M,WAI ·KliAKI Econo.mist for K~l1y;ilj

KJI~1(ATH] Leader ofMau M:iI.1"l
ELrJAI~· .f;,..L\SJ ND E Rebel ·wilth a Cause fEEVANIEE Be be I of the Empire ]"0]\01 0 I<ENYAl'TA F21Jt her 0 f Hara m bee:
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M\VANA KUPO'NA
Poetess from Lam u

N"E LS ON· .MAND':ELA Fighter· for Humanity
It.ONALD NGALA Teat: her with a Miss in n JAMM.OGT OD]NGA Pe ople is Revolu tiona ry

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Great Warrior King... •. ~·
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by Stanley Gazembs
11]usu3ted

by

h.phaeJ lGm·Qsop

Sasa Serna Publications
Nairobi.

~ rrom '1lJJ.~~.odiuccd~ sto(Cd :lll a .P.Mlell:'S.2004 Srnnley A 'GazeID1~ Ltd."!rirm::d by F®tOifurn'i Ltd.IIJ.e POLl.O.. n UK 139. Box 14681.o.d:~lici!LtiolJi$ltd• . i:. ISBN: '9966-9.'l.. sysremer 'h'a[l1~m:ittt:d in.• f!.]. N~irobi .~o:FJS copyrig_h [© Z004 Raph~l 'f. any fmm by . P..ybe rcpr. No part oftbis publication m. Serna.r:i] -2 7' ~X 'Published bv I .IDp Cover' illnstration cCipyrlght e .. Copyrigh.2 004 J ann Nysgih Cover design by Zand Graphl C5. P.Thxt Wusrra.a!l1Ymeans wirhout permission • lID \l'Il~ a. ~I 1~I~~I.56~OD80 Naiirob~ o Sa~2I.·aJ.O.i\il rights reserved.]mo.r © .[~tr.

[X 1 3.27 v .CONTENTS Pr1ejar.m. from HO. It)1 IV Dingiswayo is Killed 22 V 'War with the Ndwandwe .c' I II Shaka Is Expelled..!! 'Growing into a Warrior .

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le GnlJct Africttns by Sir Rex Niven (G. Jl!l~y(EARP) and The .3.e Afr'i'ciltn Peop'u by Robert ·W:. ill my' attempt to unearth the legend of Shaka ~the great warrior I. nways be ~yi[1.ilIJl. M](Ul. A Histor.dary 6gures met e~crly ItO attain the enviable status they It. There w.u by Aub:n:·ey Ellior {Colli ns).njoy in HlstOry. yOllllg boy :i 11.. of th.PREFACE The legend of Shaka is well -known among 'the people oJ southern Afiica and Attica as a. J set lou'r 'to do some research about rum and about the Zulu. had &5'L heard about as . Be~)') Sons o!Z-ul.g the books ID' read and found enligh tening 'were: Ni'.g accounts of what historicaI and ]egem.oJe. people.]l1!}' primary' school hi 5'1:0:11" lessons. ·wfu.

i.err much. as matters to do with myths :wd ..t it[: may be: flawed.pt to.warry· all these veesions 1m.tgefids cam.SHJ\.'lO'i. ~Iur our of their' ''W3.Ia Lute and Silas Okutoyi ofS~sa Serna Publications who furnished me: ".y 'to ind vamruable literature 'On .)Thad to find a middle ground and . 'and in lnstances they clashed on me..be. vnire a balanced ~umor re~der. 31"€ \vha:t reallyhappened. In addition watched ffi]ms made onthis great Zu'Ju. I am confident that most of the events described. in fIll' anem.W this booJk. order to come up 'Wl..-iil'li .pedrne edit the script. YlU . elp afme Kenya Natiul]JaJj h Ubrary Services special lIerereru:e section s~.Linnee 'Who he~. Bu e most of aruID the iinvaJ:uab~e.jed~'ehere the contribution of 1. bur.Wre 'to i\db. I 'YfOnld... who..C" Thank you v. sequence o:feveng· and even the y~an ID whlch 'Mo'er Mppened* Nevertheless. They au1lll g3Ye dliTerent versions of ~at happened.nth new ideas ~Eliz3Jb~th :Ndua for reading the' rnanusceiptand glvmg vilulbie mmgestions:l' and also S~ . I admit iba.KA ZULU D~maR a/the Zulu K"'Ufilom by J'eff'GUly (Longman)..Shua for m.

"EL. This is became be loved them. .' " . .lot of time training them.-L' .my.g warrior. .E. given that he.e. of the Zulu people called Shaka. S..-'. .. onee melle lived a. '. and wouJd Dot risk losing anyofrhem.' . The Zulu arc a smrthern African tribe I . ."p.. He led his people in battffie5conquering many neighbouring tribes.. '_. ._. - ' .. . ' .y rn]tel Hgent leader 'who 'thought I CJiI--efuUy before sending his warriors to. .. " .. had spent a.. And he was not just strong but aJI_IO a mgh!. .. ""-' - .. Shaka was a strong hardwodd. gIieaf[ king.'D". :face the m...n.'X. ..RAKA-' F'R' 0'"'M H' 0---'ME'.CHAPT'ER ONE lSI 'E'. .

yl~t another river. me Mfolozi [0 the north.hiUy country passes Mhlamse..' leadership of Shaka . the Mrctw3 tribe to the east.'they were no matchl In those days" tribes fought bitter wars with their neighbours.l1. the "pe ople of the sky~·.SHAU . to the east is.rapture their young men and 'WOOlen.. seeking to rob them of their cattle and . and' the Qwabe 'tribe to the south..>JII Swaziland wen! the fiery tribe. At 'me 'time that Shaka lived.p . means 'sky'-'"and so they calJ th emsel yes. and the Tugela to the south.. 1!j"UJ. the Zulu had ftiendly neighbours.. Up north towards the hilly country that is the modern-day Ndwandwe Pili" '!i. Through their . The young men were . Their name...zU]~U whose territory lies between two great rivers. the endless Indian 0 C'C3. Perhaps the fiercest enemies of 'the Zul u. The Ndwandwe were . B ut still 1 und UJli!r gallant L.. Zulu. me: To the west tower the Drakcnsberg Range of mountains.(JlJtl_~~ iJI.

or War-s of Wmdering'. e u \ 1._ _ '. ' •• _ of only l~.khlornletre~ across what: is today South. Even though he became great.sOO. Shaka was . his area was about two thirds the size of Kenya.•• . He. '. the to b ::'Id -UJIIJ. £'250" 00 I peop 1 out It uug't! nanon 0. also expanded his territory un till it covered an area of albaut 3 20 ~ 000 square.EXPELLED PROM HOME forced to join their army~ 'These wars were called.e.·. And Shaka was :iU1 exp er it: at them: he managed u. .' . Mpcsn. ~ O' _. Afrka.

'were ever born! Shaka grew up like any other Z uI1l1 'boy. along with . many wives. Shaka's father was so. Shaka 's father Scnzangakona was born child. a '\-vL]d dog sneaked up on the herd and killed one ofthe sheep. angered by what he thought to be Shaka's own carelessness that he bad the boy. brought up in a royaJ household.long before any of us 7 born to . and other dangerous animals. his first- woman who was not properly married to him. Zulu chief who had. But Shaka. where he 'vas. His main task was herding his father' s cattle and protecting them from wild dogs. W~$ He had to stru ggle from a life of poverty to rise to 3.J. One daY' when Shaka was out herding his father's cattle. Shaka was born around the year 17~8~.SHA:KA Z 1[f L U nor.

_. and knock at the L But often they 'were DOt so hl'cky.e night from strangers. lot of difficulties. However. them In. [11 They would come upon a household on their path. This.rery different from the life of an ~ "~_~'Ii..w .i'Yti. and had 'to beg for shelter fo.·. the clansmen were unkind to 5 . Sometimes the kind strangers tookthem in and fed them" And then. Shaka and! hi~ mother went through a..a ~ 11'1'._ """~ W.r th.. Shaka was only' six ye ars old H Cas:t on t of his father' 5 household ~or .EXI~ELLEn FhtOM ~IOME his mother.11'0(0' ~:v.w"Fn1i·· or P·I·]'·'Il"'IiCp11i . and had to spend the l]ight in the biting cold undernea th the stars ~ hungry and misera ble . certainl y . early at dawn they woul d leave Ion their way. Suddenly they had nowhere to live.J. as night fell ain house and beg to be shel tered for the night.I. Nandi " thrown out of his large hou sehold.kraal) as it was known. was.Y Shaka and his mother traveled this until they reached Nandi '8 relations of the Langeni tribe in the hills north of Z ululand '. The Langeni people took.

and 'they found.y of the S. man 'was not aboutto let.~. this. The M tetwa chief ruled mer lllall. Having found l1t little peace at last. not beep. drought came. nature was kinder 'to them. He worked very hard :in every chore he was given. me One day our herding he came upon a leopard lying run a.etw.g smaller tribes.gh his.SI-IAUZULU them. down.nkru!ed :3[ ears ~and.Y. over the Iand and Shaka and his mother had to set off yei[ again ~ Thi So tirn e ~ though.tree.WT-O'LU1.~ru.iiW:3. They would also ~. . married.din. his hosts. of other boys because his parents bad.tan~ finely-built y10lmg man who could throw his spear with amazing' accuracy.i people. refuge with a kindly neighbouring clan cal led the. mother had br(lugb[ on their name by conceiving Shaka out 'Of wedlock. including the Zulus. made him 'Very bitter. Shaka aimed his spear and struck the le opard ill the ribs. These tribes 'were collectively called Nguni speakers. Soo D. because of the dishonour his.cri. Mtetwa. . the young. Often Shaka was the laughing stock. and greatly Unpressed the Mt. Nat one to run . Hewas also growing into .

He ordered me leopard's to skin [.0 b e prepared and brought him.PRO M HOMt: bringing it down out of the tr-ee. 7 . Burt he did not send Shaka awayempty- Hie rewarded the young n13JJ with a CO~~ his very fin t P ossession.ELLED .~ Shaka 'was pIiepare d with his other spear and dub and he bravely struck it dead. The chief heard of wha t the young m ant bad done and he was very impressed. So gre at was Shaka's pride and Joy! handed. As the wounded leopard lunged at him.BXP.

over. his son. Dingiswayo.. He taugh his men how important physicalli fitness is to a warrior. WARRIOR Upon the death of the. By 'this rune Shaka was only 20' yc MS old. 'GROWIN'G INT'O' A. a clever warrior ~and was given a. Dingiswayo befriended Shaka and trained him 3S a warrior .ent to lead. took. he towered over other menl On top of that he had a very powerful body and a restless mind.CHAPTER TWO. kind chief of tl e Mtetwa ~ n 1807.. and yet he was so tall. reghl1. Soon Shaka distingui shed him self as. He also taught 'them to 8 .

nz'gn(l. For instance he made 'them discard their cowhide sandals and fight barefoot so that they. Tradl:ti. They 'were not to throw 'their spears like field be covered wi th nku. long. going first into the field of thorns! ' By the end of the exercise few' of men dare d ques tion Shaka' s orders ~ He e~re.new kind of weapon. fiery sharp "devll-thoms'. and ordered them to trample them into ground with their bare feet! And such was his wisdom he would nut let his prized warriors go 'through the orde al wi thout first showing that it could be done He personally led the exercise.could be as fast as antelopes. FOf' the few who resisted.~ the me i me. light RJ'£f8ai' spear which they threw at the enemy.=klwa un til the ve ry end of the battle.onaHy~ warriors were used to fighting with Q. Shaka taught his warriors to hold the i.. he ordered that a.klwa.nd1esl:gned a" . 9 . He brough in many other cb :an~es.GROWING INTO A WARlUOR foilow 'me orders of their t superiors. Shaka introduced a short heavy spear called an i-.

Indeed. aJ so taugh this warriors never to sha\v th ernselves to the en erny at the beg] nn ing of a battle. Now Ell Zulu warrior had to advance as close as possible to his enemy and engage him 3. stab of the i. heavier shield made of raw ox -hide that covered the entire body.S. invented a longer.. they were to be as cunning as foxes. Finally. [0 t change.. to the fatal.. S h aka. close hand-to-hand combat. Shaka fa ught h is warriors the m ethod of the 'bul 'I's-horns. the side.. As a result their fighting 'tactics had i) . big shiel d to push tile enemy's shield to. kllVtt. He taught the warrio rs how [0 use this. ~ When the ~ "sbull 10 . Then me enemy') s body was open.HAKA. . He told them 10 stay in hiding until they had seen enough of the enemy to know how strong he was. ZlJ L U thei r enernies di d. Shaka . they could COIne out fighting.. Once they were certain of the enemy's strength. This called for immense bravery! 'To Furth er prote cfr the warrio rs.

formed the !l. ~ and the enemy would be trapped in between. eanwhile. t111 e' Butelezi.. These were the ~ horns. The war with a neighboring clan. of the unit . 1I . and. and 'the other to the ]. . .horns' trick was used. the enemy could hardly gel!:'out alive! The army was to be divided into three grDUpS. Soon an opportunity ShO'N carne for Shaka to Mterwa went to I his skills as a f gil te r.est'or ~ head' fight .cft.·ch. one" group to 'the right..A central solid block of warriors rust: advanced and locked arms wi th the enemy in a fierce hand-to-hand They were the largest group of the three. the M twn other groups of warriors ran around on either side of me enem y in thin columns.

" confident that Shaka was an easy catch. dared anyone to come for"vard and face him.1. champion 0 ~hen a the Burel 'Zi stepped forward and .tout. The Bute]ez] champion was alarmed and . his eye staring' fixedly at him. The Butelczi champion carnie to meet him. The Butelezi champion raised his spear and lunged . Sudden ly Shaka sprang forward.2 his. of me enemy's 1.Chief Dingiswayo took three regiments with him to fight the Butclezi. The ox-tails he wore around his knees and elbows danced menacingly as he approached the enemy.e'ar in his. and easily took the spear sweeping ~. shield.. beating his chest proudly. grip. hand and a huge white shield in the other. tensely watching the l\VO men. buck] was ready for him. holding his short i-khvtl sp. fleet as a. Shaka a snarl spreading on his face. They stood at opposite ends of the battlefield exchanging insults. 0]] But Shaka. AJ[ around the m the cheering ''''arriors had gone silent.

Yet again Shaka bravely stepp ed ]n to the n\I1ng of the long spear and took mt on his huge shield. and 13 .G ROW[NG . pushing it over '[0 his left.[NTO A '\¥ARlUOR raised his second! spear for another attack.

..nedup behind him. The rest of the Mtetwa hurriedly formed into the VI\VO columns of 'the 'horns' and raced ahead very fasr along each flank.y" Applyin. Shah forced both shields to his left.As they had been trained. leaving the left side of the startled B utele zi exposed to the stab of his deadly i-k/wa spe ar.~ yell.C 'n Ihni c ne '_' . As Shaka' s f:u:~a'Yjt i.. fear descended on the unbelieving Butclezi warriors ]~.. the Butelezi champion feU to his knees with .~ But Shaka was not ab ou t to give them a break. s-norns recr fnq ue he h au ..I.S.21 "i!... one to. . Immediately their champion had fallen he sprang forward and raced towards the front ranks of the Butelezi army. This man was their best warrior. Behind him rushed the other ..K!1 ZULU th en he used his shie 1 again to push Ute d Butelezi's shield out: of me \V~.d.. closing 14 .. .and yet Shaka had floored bill'] so c asily .g b rute force. 1 taught 'the nl '..Mtetwa 'warriors who made up the ~hest'" o~ tth eu'b 'I. the left and the other 'to two IC'O[ umns me right of the B u tele zi arrny.. the suddenly turned in wards..'.HA.-l€lwt! descended round-eyed MJj..

'. The rest of the Butelezi army. turned rail. astonished at wha thad happe n ed. indeed! 15 .bulll" the victory dance! Seeing this.d promcted him to the rank of captain of a hundred-mart And it was a well-deservedreward unit. They were expecting to start the ja. The Mtetwa had won the battle hands-down. and ran. hack towards where their 'worn en and cattle were waiting. Chief D m.GRO\VING fNTO A WAl00:0R in and trapping 'the front ranks. Shaka ~ Later ~Chief D iagiswa yo rewarded Shaka wi th teu head of ca ttle an.giswayo stopp ed the battle and ordered the Butelezi 'to surrender. There was no need for senseless bloodshed. thanks to the bravery and ingen uity of one man. of the Butelezi army inside the "hull's horns.

named Signjana.. . RET"U'. announced that be wanted one of his olher sons. . 16 .' . This w:as iD the year 1816. man. brave young rnan spread far and wide. Before he wed.CHAPTER THREE '. going to be easy. horne in Znluland Shaka's ageing father Senzangakona wed.. When Shaka heard the news he prepared to travel horne to assume Jeaderahip of the clan 'I U be was the eldest son. RN····H· O'.. . . the old. Bn t this \I\"a5not. back. . '. _.' & the fame of this. . M'E .

.. Fortunat..stepbrother . there were sho '!""(C 'of h.iln1. the wild.. Shaka 'was happy to be back home after so many years wandering in.eof 'the tribe were salu ting their new leader. brooding half-brothers. 'was there to help him. With the aid of Mtetwa warriors.":r/.'\I'o'iII.rlll . .jI.g of the Zulus. full'.de himselfkin. As the gallan t warriors marched through ~ the village.m:. Some' of his enemies were . l:~.M!B Lion! " The 'peop~. They were not happy that Shaka had returned from exile and D13. r:1~ ".. tI-!I!..IDs.. 'the greatest enemies were the powerful clans like me N dwandwe to 'the north . . ... with Shaka at the head.:l1 "'.'na.Zulus. righ tflE11y belonged to him. Shaka managed to mice the throne of tile' Zulu people from his .Tt:r. This meant that now Shaka had to fight for the throne. Shaka realized that be had many enemies..' 1.il·n~..RETURN HOME to take over le adership of the c]an.. However.e~y.~b. Jill! lLTf:lOM...JLJe! . .. Chief Dingiswayo.i. tnrone tlaat Aft er successn y capmnng t. ~ -i' ~ " I. L.The .' Li'O"'I'II11 '_ UI.'I{"'lP..I?.cked at any time. ·li." Shaka's friend.could be a. 17 .

and he bad to' build it up before going to war. Then he burned to his mother's clan. lot of careful thought. the place' was familiar to him because he had spent :P'Mt of his childhood there. Of course. to settle with 'them" To do this.the dan. woke up by And this was the same for.honed spears gHnting menacingly in the morning sun! 18 .SHAUZULU small.Langerli Iand. he selected some of his. the Langeni ~ up north. finest warriors and sneaked them into . whom Shaka knew 'weI].ge rs in their mildS'C} [heir well. So carefully did Shaka plan the mission 'that Makcdarna the chief of the Langen i. He first took 'Wl]L1 t remained of Chief Dingiswayo's Mtetwa army and added them to his own. He was not prepared Shaka's army WdS to lose the few warriors he had! But how could he conquer the other clans without going to war? This called for a. He had some persona] business. the J" one morning to find his k'rasl surrounded Zulu warriors! ocher senior men ~n. 'What shock it was for them to wake up and 'find stran.

hi s mother ~ relations. split tree trunks .RETURN HOME There was nothing for Chief. These stakes were normally usedto fence in cattle. Shaka. mere boy. the unkind re lations writhed L. M.age with his []icry ZuJ u i ntpis. settle wi th those of . been unkind to him. as the warriors were known. his mother. in exchange for his being Left alone to run his affairs. Shaka also had a score to.Il pain) Shaka ordered the Zulu i' 19 . s who had. But this was not all.. He ordered 'them to be executed on sharpened stakes made: from. ordered the chief to sendyoung menfrom the tribe to join the Zulu army. when Shaka was but a.Makedarna 'to do but surrender. and. not wishing to engage in senseless bloodshed wi th his kin. Shaka found his unkind relations.arching th rough the VllH. l\nd JJ.

.g from strength to strength . died" Shaka fe~t n. Left to 20 . 'Those :fe\v clans who dared resist the Zulu. all their wealth. exchange for their being left mec'to run their own affairs.t. The Zulu arm y was grow. young men nom other neighboeing clans heard of his conq nests In war and.io.zUL·U warrior'S to set the :fe:nceson fire VVhat agony the unkind relations lived 'through 3$ they died! And yet SUtch was their awe that they shouted the royal greeting. mat is. They took away cattle. even as they i.SHA.ZIII u army in. were soon to regret it. And so the remaining Langeni 'warriors joined Shaka's army. The Zulu descended on them in fearless droves and razed their villages to the ground. the Zulu easily conquered other neighbouring tribes.eik J Bttye'def' to the king. t.KA . Moreover. He made their' chiefs send young' men 'to serve in the .. willingly came to join him.o mc:rcy' at 1l1L It was payback time for what they had done to him and his mother. grain and women. Atfter that. Bll:y.

ZlLlJ. And as they came into the Z ulu army.E:r U RN H:O. the you~g men learned a dis cipline that they had never known and were honed into the finest warriors. they had no option but 'to surrender and be enlisted into the . the wilderness.M.Ii wander the open peld. sou th of the Sahara! 21 .1JJ army.R.

D"· .. '- To the north of his friend . long time.CHAPTER FOUR D.d was tnc rana hostile Ndwandwe clan.llow· m amed Zwide.. released the Ndwandwe chief with a fine of a few head of cattle: and a stern warning to behave himself 22 .INGISWAYO IS KIL·. . but. . s." and occasionally captured Chief Zwide..:. Dingiswayo was stronger.. who had been giving Chief Dingiswayo trouble fot a. mgiswayo ')s 1.gone [0 war. 'to keep the peace» he ~w~ys.· . The Chief of the Ndwaridwe was a crafty fe.L·E·D. Often they had .

She wanted to keep his prized head to add to her collection of skul 1. friend and mentor could go in the name of good relations with his neighbours.... 2.3 . she kept the skulls of the p eople she killed in her bouse! Ntombazi agreed to." he cautioned. ''''] say next time yOll catch that weasel you should slit his throat! the proper thing to do" my friend ~ . hair and bits of his." But Chief Dingiswayo bru shed aside his -' -.6! 'Tog:eth. Zwide W.J" d fjrienn s :t11. ED L Shaka warned his friend that the Ndwandwc chief was not to be trusted . VIce. not believethe levels to.. Moreover. Ntombazi was an old witch who ~ . help him. That is unable 'to defeat the stronger Sf) Chief Dingiswayo Ntombazi.W.DING[SWAYO ]'8 K]I . he hatched an evil plan" Zwide sought the help of his mother. used her craft 'to destroy people. which his "The man. is going to make an attempt on your own life next.er tb ey' plotted to c ast a powerful magic spell on Dingiswayo. In fact.. he could. this they needed 80m e To do of his.

toenails.1 was to trick him into marrying her so that she . wo uld m eet D inglis'\Wyo' s . rus nair an d. This woman beautiful \VOnl:. 01ngi swayo was so taken by the stu nningly beau tifiil woman 'thai he married her.. -. COlD.. ~!-. And Diugi sway 0.'I!.. Id get..I1.n. note k_noMflg he was courting deathl his own. .. strong magic medicine which would trap Dingi swa yo '. The: witch would use these to brew' a. To get th e hai r and toen ai ls. they sen t a to Dingiswayo. like a true Nguni. took up the challenge.24 . 'When the' magic was ready" 'tile old 'witch told her SOD to !chaUenge Chief Dingiswayo to battle.~ L· .some 0 f his ttoenans. It had been arranged th at Shaka and some of the warriors.

£.'.a· UJII. 1!L.riors and give them. ~ N···· . ~-.r.niO"~.. the enemy ranksl So strong W~ the spell that not one of his warriors accompanied himl Only a handful of his wives 'went faithfully with him.. ".t the great chief not omy me battle. Soon 'Chief Dingiswayo like a mad man. a.LJl..!!i.... This was going to I(OS..Ib. was .go together the Ndwandwe Wi:r. So. meet 'a " twist 0f' rate.. in 'me battlefield close to the black Mfol 0zi J:U" As the two enemies stood facing' each other 111In~. either by magic OF to. c. River . ..: SL. - the s~fety' of his own army and started 'walking' right in to.'.!Il1~ late in getting 'to the agreed rendezvous.'~m. Then they 'would . -LU· m bazi U _...o. But sorneho w.oi"'" MJ.. I .~ .. Dingiswayo had [0 go on without him.. way. but his life as well.!~ shed_ her powerful m. . In this. thrashing once and for all. the mighty chief of the Mtenva 'was lured into the hands of Chief Zwide and .army.J.J.y ... - .. left .-.. .'..

he vowed to avenge the death of his friend.\ZULU was. killed.. Silently and sur· ly. Shaka's grief '\Y2S immeasurable when he got the news of the cowardly murder of hi me ·d and mentor" wise Chief Dingisv ayo. 26 .SHAK.

. '~~..: ~./ tribes [n their '\vay._'" ""'" "I • " .roC{!:ss. .-vJdemd his Ndwandwe warriorskept moving steadily ~. "_' • ~"'.. In the. E-:" _'I • I ".rjng weaker . L' • '. " -.:. Z'." : ..':-:' '"TH. pkmde.·· WI'.. A"" N""'D""V{E.' ND'"':"W.rAR.'." In the following months.lIl~ south. T. Shaka's spies brought rum news that 'Chief Zwide was planning 'to attack Zulu..". . '".'".CHAPT. However.'. be knew that Chief 27 .'H' . to her t collection Eventually."he old 'witch added many skulls. Shaka had a bone to p'i(~k"vith the 'Ndwandwe be cause they 'had killed 'me Dingiswayo.' .ER FIVE 'l'~. p'. .

There was fo ad for the Ndwandwe warriors...000 warriors. had . I'i Q 'i... carefully. almos t . to Chief Zwide and who was. Zwide and report to hirn on his preparations. J In this W'1ly~ 'the Ndwandwe cbief 'was made "to give away his strategy for the battle. There W'dS a man called Noluju who was UI0\Vn. -. 1_11:' " woum be: a. Shaka sent him to go and spy on.)lUJ Hill . steep escarpm.mice the size of Jus own! He had to think. often invited ItO the Chief's ItrGlal. and it was quire far.: n.. 11'0 Mfolozi. The closest river W. W:U Noluju was also! to He to Z"'IVIde about Shak~~5plans.WAR M1"H THE NDWANDVVE Zwide's army was much bigger than his own .enr. Zulu army' ..lliS the. lNhile Shaka's army numbered about 10. 11. lit was 'very dry. and to underestimate the size of the Zulu army. which was not: easy to climb from the direction of the Ndwandwe army. Zwide had an enormous force of over 18 ~ 000 warriors.Zwide that the smaller than itt reallv "vas. and to tell . pace CMlC-d v.' 1 . ozu Hi' ·1I'~ Q" f..aJ. nor water ~ 28 . '1 Shaka carefullv chose where the battle ~ ~LJ .

Shaka planned to lure them into this forest. they w. He 29 . The Ndwandwe were not to susp ect anything until.ttairuy need. Nkandla Forest was nearby. in the beat of battle! The dense.ANDWE which they would ct. and no Ndwandwe in his right mind woru1d dare venture inside. This Forest was haunted by evil spirits.'en~right in the' thick of it~' Shaka had his rnen evacuate the Z'ulupeople from the surround rung homesteads ~ They hid [11 the dense and swampy Nkandla forest.WAR WITH THE Nr:nv.

men empty the grain. the yeat~· 818.bt battle the N dwandwe had ever fbughr.. He had a plan for them. '.AKAZULU had his. the.W. pits.' ·!.: ".. It was. In. However. carry off all the food and drive away the cattle.· l . and. men to' stay behind in .. And so the next d~y dawned. that dry area the sun gat scorching hot by mfudday. few cattle. Shaka 'asked a few of his. for the Zulu warriors during the battle.. d. the Ndwandwe began streaming toward IQ··.iD.. 30 ..l!!. a.U.~and 'this was going to 1 be the roost difficu. . village wi til..S.H. O.eserted. Other men 'wok some of the food and water up to Qokli Hill. toughest wMTior would be weakened without water. 'and even 'the. 'l['T~:fI .

The N dwandwe rushed after the cattle that were going toward the dark forest. to lead.s and bravado.g them from atop the hil!~saw to Ius disappointment that me' wily Zwide had chosen to stay at horne. The place was as deserted as a ghost villagel Shaka gave a signal. 'the migh tJr N d w. The Ndwandwe carne running in their thousands.e 31 ... the army. the Ndwandwe did not suspect that this was a..and'N'e. and the warriors who bad remained hidde II ~n the 'rillag1e drove the cattle in to the view of the N dwandwe. all shou r. ObBerV.~Il. herd of cattle hurrying away?.f\Vhcl'"C in sight. tailing. iusid. their haste [tograb the well-fed Zulu cattle. plot to 'tJr-a.~:')) But there 'was no Zulu an.Shaka. V¥ ~ Hat~ . son. "ICOHle out. In.. you Zwu cowards! 'CODlJC out and face the champions of battle in all Nguniland. Wait~was that 3. 11rb. He hadinstead sent his. Nomahlanjana.p them in theforest! As soan as the Ndwandwe were weU.

intent on. lik'e. them senseless.'(IY bid north where they had come nom. a S\vann IOf devils descending on 'we' poor Ndwaadwe with and jackals in 'the distance! Those few' Ndwandwe 'who 'were able to escape from the forest were DO luckier. They chased the.. . leamt of the defeat of IDS men 'and. the Zulu.nds. tile ZUlu warriors descended on them. because she would just as well . Zwitne. Instead.u:'W.:i'. found the evil Vlitch woman. stinging with their deadlyI -ltwt.SHAKAZULD the forest.~.m an the W.3. spears. The ZuJu mined down on them from the hill and hammered.Zuri·i.pay for the sins she had done.A. 32 .~. to another land.S good enough.tu~B! It was. from the 'trees like bees. zung! L . . Zwide bad. However.... capturing their chief. Nltombazi. :fled. .

' . '1_.r. then a.. uU[. brought him word.50~O[]Omen" to meet the new' troublemaker.b. to . their motherland . Ll!: 1Nhat a terrible fate! Cries ofterrible ' L. snapping :IW3:Y a limb.man.keep her ut company: a half-starved mad hyena..For punishment.¥ to . 'Yet again Shah's many informers. scary companion. the witch 'was dragged all the way 'back to Zululsnd and locked up inside an old 11 with a.JI .!lmo.l.. . the scattered • Ndlwand. He tried. .'..e.w. I' 'Th c crazy llnye:n I .much back to . and he let off with an 3iDDY. to .~ 10£ witoChttry.' s yt.red:lim. for the hunger of a starved hyena is enormous! Eventually Shaka ordered dlat the hut be set ablaze ~thus . piece of her buttock! And no sooner .WJittl-. They' marched for m:my days through 33 .lIllleUUJ.lc . . this time of ...e ·w. :ag'Ony t:: 11 .. .had he finished one m me bi't~ than be would be '~nneed of Inure.After Chief Zwide and his men fled.p urting an end to the evil ·wo. another Ndwandwe chief called Sikunyana took over. chased old 'witch round and round.reorganize..

.p. a worse fate..I. fierce foe by the name of'Queea Mabelemane.. Zwide S0011 carne face to faa: with a country. the zu~u a..umn~singing war ax -hide shields and deadly' i ~klwastlashlng ill the sun. never '[0 C3. that the young Sikunyana managed to evade capture by the Zulu.. He escaped by h [ding: in a pit that was disguised as an elephan t trap. forced to join. ill ': '. become chief. rum... As for ChiefZwide who had. They were 'Ii ke a. m ighty column offiery safari ants crossing a 'bare field! They met the fe~r Ndwandwe l!. H ed " N··: d ..: U'. and.oJ. m M1. She 34 .r. However.(!fi.-lil ~ S:····h'c. L the order the fearless Zulu swarmed up the slopes and devoured them. . and later fled up norm into Swazi Shaka trou ble again.SIMKAZULU the hot plains in...JLLIJ..my. awaited.].. ~l-'ag~.ged to take over mather tribe and. It was only by luck.a.. O]JOlIW~'IIi"ii P '. run :~w~ylike a coward..-v: .U n J"" ~ ~~~...f"lb camped at a '~ao·Tii' . along ~ongs. A. He travelled north-west into the modern-day Sarno country with ~ few of hls men..' .use .. .1. ·M· ~Jh.ruJJi]I I • ~ .) their enormous c. The rest ofthe Ndwandwe warriors were captured and..

'tile Chieftainess of the Pedi people and had terrible supernatural powers. a strange land.WAH Wl.ag~. forgotten..~her name me ant 'Pour Breasts. b.m.TH THE NDWANDVfE 'was. nd a soon Z'\\71id-. in.('.en Ma belemane se t her pOiwlerfuLi magic: to.~ ~ e .. was not there 'to help him. indeed" she was.. . powers dleclifLed~ and he died. Zwide's own medicine men were no match for this powerful .. woe unto him ~ 1.j8 rncther.. 'work on Zwide and.Ie." and. Even stranger.sscd with a set of four pendulous breasts instead of the normal human two=what a sight! QUf. the witch N tombazi.~.

~ the last serious opposition to Shaka '5 power was gone. 36 . just as a. And the Zulu empire kept growing.SHAKAZULU Wi.th Zwide den:.clump of'¥andering Jew weed grows over a manure heap in the rains.

' By this time. Shaka encountered the 'first Europeans travelling through Zul uland. the so 1}10S[ me Zuluhad become powerful tribe fun." Their king Shaka reigned unchallenged. It happened tha ~haka had been wounded in battle and was in a bad state. .'. all of ern Africa.e even tried 3·7 . and an English doctor carne wounds.·_KA'.CHAPTER SIX THE DEATH OF SHA"·. In appreciation. Sometime in the year 1824. . Shaka allowed the '[0 the rescue of this g~eat Zulu and treated his :nglish traders to operate in Z ululand. .

But around this time misfortune struck.S.H1'iJCA. Shaka '8 beloved mother N andi died.. And it was just what his scheming half-brother Dingane bad been 38 . S. if he looked suspicsous.ere}' of an 1:5 and vultures. And his warriors did just that" leaving the poor man to die in. the king of '[he 'white people thousands of kilometres a:way. The warriors became un ha. at the m. the dry fJeld.2IL stake. Iest the same fate befall him! These killings created fear and discomfort aLCIOSS the land. He would just walk up to. So great was.Z'UIJJ to establish diploma ti c relations wi th King George.hak. he would order that the poor fellow be dragged out into the plain and stuck on . the awe in which this man was held no one dared question his orders. agony out there in. they did not agree with.a was inconsolable attached 'to his rn othe f.ppy because 'Often they were ordered to do things.' for he was very In his mger he ordered many people killed') suspecting them of being witches who had caused his m other's death . someone and.

brave 111M1 who built and led rhe most ferocious army Mrica had ever seen . I r"··' ..ead]y i~llfw'a spear he had fashioned.rb.~:~ in the _. Secretly. And SIO ended thee life of a great k[ngf~the c ' imaginative. ... JLUJ~]:l .~ r. in 182g... alone i~ a small kraal ailed kwaNyakanlUb! ~ The 'army was not 'there to defend cllcir ~e3der for ~ Shaka had ordered them 'to go '[0 war just the day before.THE D'1!ATli OF 5HAKA ''\vaiting for.~at 41 year-s of age a t the hands of his own ha lf brother Dingane. :lL. They crept upon him early one !llOrntng as he stood.LJ..: LmL.~ b". 39 I' .. Dingane and a few other members of the family plotted Shaka ':5 death. . " . He died. rnl Thew Ilf)joun-if"p'd . ".. Ull)dl. hi" m . .:J lL. ....bing 'i!.. _. I~ back with the d.

an:lln·iI'II .S.L: !i:!I~• .!!ijii.!tv.lm..Pepp. . Po~.s~ ~" NC ifl~g' ~'~~OOoK~~ .Bitloq & ~""Si.!:fl'e f'fi.

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