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Great Warrior King

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MOT-:']Ai¥.lED AM]N 1" he Eyes of Africa. ,M,WAI ·KliAKI Econo.mist for K~l1y;ilj

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It.ONALD NGALA Teat: her with a Miss in n JAMM.OGT OD]NGA Pe ople is Revolu tiona ry

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Great Warrior King... •. ~·
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by Stanley Gazembs
11]usu3ted

by

h.phaeJ lGm·Qsop

Sasa Serna Publications
Nairobi.

~I 1~I~~I.o. Copyrigh.2004 Srnnley A 'GazeID1~ Ltd.Mlell:'S. Serna. N~irobi . ISBN: '9966-9.a!l1Ymeans wirhout permission • lID \l'Il~ a.56~OD80 Naiirob~ o Sa~2I...~o:FJS copyrig_h [© Z004 Raph~l 'f.]. n UK 139. P.[~tr. any fmm by .IIJ.odiuccd~ sto(Cd :lll a ."!rirm::d by F®tOifurn'i Ltd.. i:.• f!.~ rrom '1lJJ.'l.r:i] -2 7' ~X 'Published bv I .·aJ.r © . Box 14681. No part oftbis publication m. sysremer 'h'a[l1~m:ittt:d in.P.Thxt Wusrra.O.ybe rcpr.i\il rights reserved.]mo.e POLl.2 004 J ann Nysgih Cover design by Zand Graphl C5..IDp Cover' illnstration cCipyrlght e .O.d:~lici!LtiolJi$ltd• . P.~~.

.!! 'Growing into a Warrior . from HO.27 v . It)1 IV Dingiswayo is Killed 22 V 'War with the Ndwandwe .m. [X 1 3.CONTENTS Pr1ejar.c' I II Shaka Is Expelled.

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J set lou'r 'to do some research about rum and about the Zulu. Jl!l~y(EARP) and The . Be~)') Sons o!Z-ul.]l1!}' primary' school hi 5'1:0:11" lessons.dary 6gures met e~crly ItO attain the enviable status they It.3..PREFACE The legend of Shaka is well -known among 'the people oJ southern Afiica and Attica as a.g the books ID' read and found enligh tening 'were: Ni'. A Histor. yOllllg boy :i 11.oJe.ilIJl. M](Ul. ·wfu.le GnlJct Africttns by Sir Rex Niven (G. of th. had &5'L heard about as . people. ill my' attempt to unearth the legend of Shaka ~the great warrior I.njoy in HlstOry.u by Aub:n:·ey Ellior {Colli ns).e Afr'i'ciltn Peop'u by Robert ·W:. nways be ~yi[1.g accounts of what historicaI and ]egem. There w.

-iil'li .SHJ\.Shua for m.. They au1lll g3Ye dliTerent versions of ~at happened...'lO'i.)Thad to find a middle ground and .Wre 'to i\db.. in fIll' anem.Linnee 'Who he~. order to come up 'Wl.warry· all these veesions 1m.err much. YlU .KA ZULU D~maR a/the Zulu K"'Ufilom by J'eff'GUly (Longman).. bur. as matters to do with myths :wd . who. 31"€ \vha:t reallyhappened. sequence o:feveng· and even the y~an ID whlch 'Mo'er Mppened* Nevertheless.y 'to ind vamruable literature 'On . I admit iba.tgefids cam.be... I am confident that most of the events described.i. vnire a balanced ~umor re~der. 'and in lnstances they clashed on me.t it[: may be: flawed.W this booJk. ~Iur our of their' ''W3.C" Thank you v.pedrne edit the script.nth new ideas ~Eliz3Jb~th :Ndua for reading the' rnanusceiptand glvmg vilulbie mmgestions:l' and also S~ .Ia Lute and Silas Okutoyi ofS~sa Serna Publications who furnished me: ". In addition watched ffi]ms made onthis great Zu'Ju. Bu e most of aruID the iinvaJ:uab~e.pt to. elp afme Kenya Natiul]JaJj h Ubrary Services special lIerereru:e section s~.jed~'ehere the contribution of 1. I 'YfOnld.

.. .'X.E..."p. .. . ..e. onee melle lived a..lot of time training them. .-L' .RAKA-' F'R' 0'"'M H' 0---'ME'. :face the m.. '_. . given that he. . .' " .'D". The Zulu arc a smrthern African tribe I .. He led his people in battffie5conquering many neighbouring tribes. . " .. . "EL.. and wouJd Dot risk losing anyofrhem. S.' . This is became be loved them._.n. .y rn]tel Hgent leader 'who 'thought I CJiI--efuUy before sending his warriors to. - ' . gIieaf[ king. had spent a. Shaka was a strong hardwodd.CHAPT'ER ONE lSI 'E'.-'. ' .. And he was not just strong but aJI_IO a mgh!.my. '. of the Zulu people called Shaka.g warrior.. ""-' - .

' leadership of Shaka .l1. and' the Qwabe 'tribe to the south. yl~t another river. seeking to rob them of their cattle and . the endless Indian 0 C'C3. the Zulu had ftiendly neighbours.. Up north towards the hilly country that is the modern-day Ndwandwe Pili" '!i. the "pe ople of the sky~·.rapture their young men and 'WOOlen.p ... B ut still 1 und UJli!r gallant L. me Mfolozi [0 the north.. Their name. to the east is..zU]~U whose territory lies between two great rivers.SHAU . me: To the west tower the Drakcnsberg Range of mountains.. The young men were .. The Ndwandwe were .'they were no matchl In those days" tribes fought bitter wars with their neighbours. At 'me 'time that Shaka lived.>JII Swaziland wen! the fiery tribe. 1!j"UJ. Perhaps the fiercest enemies of 'the Zul u. Zulu. and the Tugela to the south.. the Mrctw3 tribe to the east.hiUy country passes Mhlamse. Through their . means 'sky'-'"and so they calJ th emsel yes.(JlJtl_~~ iJI.

e u \ 1. also expanded his territory un till it covered an area of albaut 3 20 ~ 000 square. ' •• _ of only l~. He.' . ~ O' _. Mpcsn.khlornletre~ across what: is today South.EXPELLED PROM HOME forced to join their army~ 'These wars were called.e.·. £'250" 00 I peop 1 out It uug't! nanon 0._ _ '. the to b ::'Id -UJIIJ. Afrka. or War-s of Wmdering'. . his area was about two thirds the size of Kenya.•• . Even though he became great. And Shaka was :iU1 exp er it: at them: he managed u. '. Shaka was .sOO.

his first- woman who was not properly married to him.SHA:KA Z 1[f L U nor. many wives. along with .J. W~$ He had to stru ggle from a life of poverty to rise to 3. brought up in a royaJ household. Shaka's father was so. His main task was herding his father' s cattle and protecting them from wild dogs. a '\-vL]d dog sneaked up on the herd and killed one ofthe sheep. where he 'vas. Zulu chief who had. Shaka 's father Scnzangakona was born child. 'were ever born! Shaka grew up like any other Z uI1l1 'boy. angered by what he thought to be Shaka's own carelessness that he bad the boy. Shaka was born around the year 17~8~. But Shaka. and other dangerous animals. One daY' when Shaka was out herding his father's cattle.long before any of us 7 born to .

J.e night from strangers.i'Yti. certainl y . early at dawn they woul d leave Ion their way. lot of difficulties. Suddenly they had nowhere to live. However. them In. and had to spend the l]ight in the biting cold undernea th the stars ~ hungry and misera ble . This. as night fell ain house and beg to be shel tered for the night. Shaka and! hi~ mother went through a. and had 'to beg for shelter fo._ """~ W. Sometimes the kind strangers tookthem in and fed them" And then.kraal) as it was known. The Langeni people took.Y Shaka and his mother traveled this until they reached Nandi '8 relations of the Langeni tribe in the hills north of Z ululand '.. the clansmen were unkind to 5 . was.w . and knock at the L But often they 'were DOt so hl'cky.I. Shaka was only' six ye ars old H Cas:t on t of his father' 5 household ~or .rery different from the life of an ~ "~_~'Ii.w"Fn1i·· or P·I·]'·'Il"'IiCp11i .. _.11'0(0' ~:v..r th. [11 They would come upon a household on their path.a ~ 11'1'.·. Nandi " thrown out of his large hou sehold.EXI~ELLEn FhtOM ~IOME his mother.

Mtetwa. They would also ~. and greatly Unpressed the Mt. He worked very hard :in every chore he was given. and 'they found. this.cri. over the Iand and Shaka and his mother had to set off yei[ again ~ Thi So tirn e ~ though. Nat one to run .Y.tan~ finely-built y10lmg man who could throw his spear with amazing' accuracy. Shaka aimed his spear and struck the le opard ill the ribs. married.~ru.etw. Soo D. the young.SI-IAUZULU them. mother had br(lugb[ on their name by conceiving Shaka out 'Of wedlock. drought came.WT-O'LU1. of other boys because his parents bad. because of the dishonour his. The M tetwa chief ruled mer lllall. refuge with a kindly neighbouring clan cal led the. . man 'was not aboutto let. Often Shaka was the laughing stock.g smaller tribes. Having found l1t little peace at last. his hosts. nature was kinder 'to them.iiW:3. down. me One day our herding he came upon a leopard lying run a.y of the S.gh his.~. Hewas also growing into .tree. These tribes 'were collectively called Nguni speakers. including the Zulus.din. . not beep.i people.nkru!ed :3[ ears ~and. made him 'Very bitter.

BXP. So gre at was Shaka's pride and Joy! handed.PRO M HOMt: bringing it down out of the tr-ee. Burt he did not send Shaka awayempty- Hie rewarded the young n13JJ with a CO~~ his very fin t P ossession. The chief heard of wha t the young m ant bad done and he was very impressed.0 b e prepared and brought him.~ Shaka 'was pIiepare d with his other spear and dub and he bravely struck it dead. He ordered me leopard's to skin [. As the wounded leopard lunged at him. 7 .ELLED .

he towered over other menl On top of that he had a very powerful body and a restless mind. Soon Shaka distingui shed him self as. He taugh his men how important physicalli fitness is to a warrior. reghl1. his son.. over. kind chief of tl e Mtetwa ~ n 1807.CHAPTER TWO. took. 'GROWIN'G INT'O' A. a clever warrior ~and was given a.ent to lead. Dingiswayo befriended Shaka and trained him 3S a warrior . He also taught 'them to 8 . and yet he was so tall. WARRIOR Upon the death of the. By 'this rune Shaka was only 20' yc MS old.. Dingiswayo.

GROWING INTO A WARlUOR foilow 'me orders of their t superiors. and ordered them to trample them into ground with their bare feet! And such was his wisdom he would nut let his prized warriors go 'through the orde al wi thout first showing that it could be done He personally led the exercise. Tradl:ti. For instance he made 'them discard their cowhide sandals and fight barefoot so that they. he ordered that a. light RJ'£f8ai' spear which they threw at the enemy.new kind of weapon. FOf' the few who resisted.nd1esl:gned a" .~ the me i me.=klwa un til the ve ry end of the battle. going first into the field of thorns! ' By the end of the exercise few' of men dare d ques tion Shaka' s orders ~ He e~re. fiery sharp "devll-thoms'. They 'were not to throw 'their spears like field be covered wi th nku. Shaka introduced a short heavy spear called an i-. He brough in many other cb :an~es..klwa. 9 .nz'gn(l. long. Shaka taught his warriors to hold the i.could be as fast as antelopes.onaHy~ warriors were used to fighting with Q.

This called for immense bravery! 'To Furth er prote cfr the warrio rs. He told them 10 stay in hiding until they had seen enough of the enemy to know how strong he was. As a result their fighting 'tactics had i) ... Indeed. Once they were certain of the enemy's strength. to the fatal. Now Ell Zulu warrior had to advance as close as possible to his enemy and engage him 3. Shaka fa ught h is warriors the m ethod of the 'bul 'I's-horns. Finally. they could COIne out fighting. heavier shield made of raw ox -hide that covered the entire body. ZlJ L U thei r enernies di d. He taught the warrio rs how [0 use this.HAKA. big shiel d to push tile enemy's shield to.S.. the side. ~ When the ~ "sbull 10 . close hand-to-hand combat. invented a longer. Then me enemy') s body was open. .. they were to be as cunning as foxes. Shaka . stab of the i. aJ so taugh this warriors never to sha\v th ernselves to the en erny at the beg] nn ing of a battle. S h aka. [0 t change. kllVtt..

formed the !l. 1I .. and 'the other to the ]. eanwhile. and. .·ch. one" group to 'the right. . t111 e' Butelezi. the enemy could hardly gel!:'out alive! The army was to be divided into three grDUpS.horns' trick was used. Soon an opportunity ShO'N carne for Shaka to Mterwa went to I his skills as a f gil te r.est'or ~ head' fight .cft.A central solid block of warriors rust: advanced and locked arms wi th the enemy in a fierce hand-to-hand They were the largest group of the three.. of the unit . These were the ~ horns. the M twn other groups of warriors ran around on either side of me enem y in thin columns. ~ and the enemy would be trapped in between. The war with a neighboring clan.

The Bute]ez] champion was alarmed and . and easily took the spear sweeping ~. Shaka a snarl spreading on his face.tout. The Butelezi champion raised his spear and lunged . champion 0 ~hen a the Burel 'Zi stepped forward and . fleet as a. Sudden ly Shaka sprang forward. beating his chest proudly. shield. buck] was ready for him.e'ar in his. dared anyone to come for"vard and face him. AJ[ around the m the cheering ''''arriors had gone silent. 0]] But Shaka.1. holding his short i-khvtl sp. The Butelczi champion carnie to meet him. They stood at opposite ends of the battlefield exchanging insults. of me enemy's 1." confident that Shaka was an easy catch. tensely watching the l\VO men.Chief Dingiswayo took three regiments with him to fight the Butclezi.. grip. The ox-tails he wore around his knees and elbows danced menacingly as he approached the enemy. hand and a huge white shield in the other. his eye staring' fixedly at him.2 his.

and 13 .G ROW[NG . pushing it over '[0 his left. Yet again Shaka bravely stepp ed ]n to the n\I1ng of the long spear and took mt on his huge shield.[NTO A '\¥ARlUOR raised his second! spear for another attack.

.nedup behind him. This man was their best warrior..-l€lwt! descended round-eyed MJj.K!1 ZULU th en he used his shie 1 again to push Ute d Butelezi's shield out: of me \V~. Shah forced both shields to his left. fear descended on the unbelieving Butclezi warriors ]~. s-norns recr fnq ue he h au ..d.y" Applyin. the Butelezi champion feU to his knees with .. the suddenly turned in wards. leaving the left side of the startled B utele zi exposed to the stab of his deadly i-k/wa spe ar.As they had been trained.. . 1 taught 'the nl '.. . As Shaka' s f:u:~a'Yjt i. closing 14 ..C 'n Ihni c ne '_' ..and yet Shaka had floored bill'] so c asily .I.. The rest of the Mtetwa hurriedly formed into the VI\VO columns of 'the 'horns' and raced ahead very fasr along each flank..~ But Shaka was not ab ou t to give them a break. one to. Behind him rushed the other ..'.21 "i!. Immediately their champion had fallen he sprang forward and raced towards the front ranks of the Butelezi army. the left and the other 'to two IC'O[ umns me right of the B u tele zi arrny.HA.~ yell..Mtetwa 'warriors who made up the ~hest'" o~ tth eu'b 'I.S..g b rute force..

bulll" the victory dance! Seeing this. hack towards where their 'worn en and cattle were waiting. The Mtetwa had won the battle hands-down. There was no need for senseless bloodshed. thanks to the bravery and ingen uity of one man.GRO\VING fNTO A WAl00:0R in and trapping 'the front ranks. and ran. Shaka ~ Later ~Chief D iagiswa yo rewarded Shaka wi th teu head of ca ttle an. astonished at wha thad happe n ed.'. They were expecting to start the ja. of the Butelezi army inside the "hull's horns. turned rail.giswayo stopp ed the battle and ordered the Butelezi 'to surrender. indeed! 15 .d promcted him to the rank of captain of a hundred-mart And it was a well-deservedreward unit. The rest of the Butelezi army. Chief D m.

16 . M'E . horne in Znluland Shaka's ageing father Senzangakona wed. ..' & the fame of this. This w:as iD the year 1816. .. announced that be wanted one of his olher sons.' . going to be easy. . Before he wed. brave young rnan spread far and wide. back. _. '.CHAPTER THREE '. .. When Shaka heard the news he prepared to travel horne to assume Jeaderahip of the clan 'I U be was the eldest son. Bn t this \I\"a5not. RN····H· O'. man. . . RET"U'. named Signjana. the old.

'\I'o'iII. This meant that now Shaka had to fight for the throne.cked at any time. 'was there to help him. 17 . l:~. brooding half-brothers. the wild..g of the Zulus.rlll ......' Li'O"'I'II11 '_ UI. tI-!I!. With the aid of Mtetwa warriors.:l1 "'.iln1. ..Zulus.'I{"'lP. full'..de himselfkin.M!B Lion! " The 'peop~.. . Shaka managed to mice the throne of tile' Zulu people from his .JLJe! . Shaka realized that be had many enemies.....' 1. Fortunat. As the gallan t warriors marched through ~ the village. righ tflE11y belonged to him. ~ -i' ~ " I. L. They were not happy that Shaka had returned from exile and D13.could be a.e~y. .~b.i.. tnrone tlaat Aft er successn y capmnng t. However." Shaka's friend. r:1~ ".The . 'the greatest enemies were the powerful clans like me N dwandwe to 'the north . Jill! lLTf:lOM.RETURN HOME to take over le adership of the c]an. there were sho '!""(C 'of h.eof 'the tribe were salu ting their new leader. .il·n~. Chief Dingiswayo. with Shaka at the head.'na.Tt:r.IDs. Shaka 'was happy to be back home after so many years wandering in.jI. Some' of his enemies were .":r/. ·li.I?..m:.stepbrother ..

Of course. He was not prepared Shaka's army WdS to lose the few warriors he had! But how could he conquer the other clans without going to war? This called for a. He had some persona] business. the Langeni ~ up north. He first took 'Wl]L1 t remained of Chief Dingiswayo's Mtetwa army and added them to his own. So carefully did Shaka plan the mission 'that Makcdarna the chief of the Langen i. lot of careful thought.Langerli Iand. finest warriors and sneaked them into . woke up by And this was the same for.SHAUZULU small. the place' was familiar to him because he had spent :P'Mt of his childhood there. 'What shock it was for them to wake up and 'find stran. whom Shaka knew 'weI].ge rs in their mildS'C} [heir well. Then he burned to his mother's clan.the dan. he selected some of his. to settle with 'them" To do this. and he bad to' build it up before going to war. the J" one morning to find his k'rasl surrounded Zulu warriors! ocher senior men ~n.honed spears gHnting menacingly in the morning sun! 18 .

Shaka found his unkind relations. not wishing to engage in senseless bloodshed wi th his kin.hi s mother ~ relations. been unkind to him. when Shaka was but a. settle wi th those of . and. l\nd JJ. ordered the chief to sendyoung menfrom the tribe to join the Zulu army.Il pain) Shaka ordered the Zulu i' 19 .RETURN HOME There was nothing for Chief. Shaka also had a score to. M.arching th rough the VllH.Makedarna 'to do but surrender.age with his []icry ZuJ u i ntpis. These stakes were normally usedto fence in cattle. his mother. Shaka. as the warriors were known. in exchange for his being Left alone to run his affairs. split tree trunks . s who had. He ordered 'them to be executed on sharpened stakes made: from. the unkind re lations writhed L.. mere boy. But this was not all.

KA . even as they i. The Zulu arm y was grow. died" Shaka fe~t n.o mc:rcy' at 1l1L It was payback time for what they had done to him and his mother..ZIII u army in. grain and women.SHA. The Zulu descended on them in fearless droves and razed their villages to the ground.io. Left to 20 .g from strength to strength . Bll:y. exchange for their being left mec'to run their own affairs. Atfter that. Moreover.t.eik J Bttye'def' to the king. all their wealth. young men nom other neighboeing clans heard of his conq nests In war and.zUL·U warrior'S to set the :fe:nceson fire VVhat agony the unkind relations lived 'through 3$ they died! And yet SUtch was their awe that they shouted the royal greeting. 'Those :fe\v clans who dared resist the Zulu.. t. They took away cattle. He made their' chiefs send young' men 'to serve in the . mat is. And so the remaining Langeni 'warriors joined Shaka's army. were soon to regret it. willingly came to join him. the Zulu easily conquered other neighbouring tribes.

And as they came into the Z ulu army.1JJ army.R.M. the wilderness.ZlLlJ. they had no option but 'to surrender and be enlisted into the . the you~g men learned a dis cipline that they had never known and were honed into the finest warriors.Ii wander the open peld.E:r U RN H:O. sou th of the Sahara! 21 .

who had been giving Chief Dingiswayo trouble fot a.L·E·D. long time. '- To the north of his friend ." and occasionally captured Chief Zwide. released the Ndwandwe chief with a fine of a few head of cattle: and a stern warning to behave himself 22 .· .CHAPTER FOUR D. but. s. . Often they had .:.. 'to keep the peace» he ~w~ys.d was tnc rana hostile Ndwandwe clan.INGISWAYO IS KIL·. D"· . The Chief of the Ndwaridwe was a crafty fe..gone [0 war. mgiswayo ')s 1. ... Dingiswayo was stronger.llow· m amed Zwide.

That is unable 'to defeat the stronger Sf) Chief Dingiswayo Ntombazi.W. ED L Shaka warned his friend that the Ndwandwc chief was not to be trusted . 2. In fact. Moreover.J" d fjrienn s :t11. he could.6! 'Tog:eth. he hatched an evil plan" Zwide sought the help of his mother. is going to make an attempt on your own life next.3 .DING[SWAYO ]'8 K]I .. this they needed 80m e To do of his. which his "The man. She wanted to keep his prized head to add to her collection of skul 1. hair and bits of his. not believethe levels to. ''''] say next time yOll catch that weasel you should slit his throat! the proper thing to do" my friend ~ . help him." he cautioned. she kept the skulls of the p eople she killed in her bouse! Ntombazi agreed to.. friend and mentor could go in the name of good relations with his neighbours.er tb ey' plotted to c ast a powerful magic spell on Dingiswayo.." But Chief Dingiswayo bru shed aside his -' -. Ntombazi was an old witch who ~ . used her craft 'to destroy people... Zwide W. VIce.

~!-. they sen t a to Dingiswayo. It had been arranged th at Shaka and some of the warriors.~ L· .n. COlD. took up the challenge.. . The: witch would use these to brew' a. 'When the' magic was ready" 'tile old 'witch told her SOD to !chaUenge Chief Dingiswayo to battle. To get th e hai r and toen ai ls.some 0 f his ttoenans.24 . wo uld m eet D inglis'\Wyo' s . Id get..I1.'I!. This woman beautiful \VOnl:. -. note k_noMflg he was courting deathl his own.. like a true Nguni. toenails.1 was to trick him into marrying her so that she . And Diugi sway 0.. 01ngi swayo was so taken by the stu nningly beau tifiil woman 'thai he married her. rus nair an d.. strong magic medicine which would trap Dingi swa yo '.

LJl..: SL. either by magic OF to. ".go together the Ndwandwe Wi:r..'~m.... left . This was going to I(OS. Then they 'would .!~ shed_ her powerful m. ~ N···· . way.J.y .'.. c... .J. - .t the great chief not omy me battle.!Il1~ late in getting 'to the agreed rendezvous. Soon 'Chief Dingiswayo like a mad man.. - the s~fety' of his own army and started 'walking' right in to.. But sorneho w.~ .oi"'" MJ. the enemy ranksl So strong W~ the spell that not one of his warriors accompanied himl Only a handful of his wives 'went faithfully with him.. in 'me battlefield close to the black Mfol 0zi J:U" As the two enemies stood facing' each other 111In~.. the mighty chief of the Mtenva 'was lured into the hands of Chief Zwide and . ..r. .'.a· UJII.army.riors and give them.niO"~.'..o. a. So. meet 'a " twist 0f' rate. I .. Dingiswayo had [0 go on without him.£..-..Ib..!!i. thrashing once and for all. was . River .. -LU· m bazi U _. 1!L. In this. but his life as well. ~-.

. he vowed to avenge the death of his friend. Shaka's grief '\Y2S immeasurable when he got the news of the cowardly murder of hi me ·d and mentor" wise Chief Dingisv ayo.SHAK.\ZULU was. 26 . Silently and sur· ly. killed.

/ tribes [n their '\vay. Z'. T.' . be knew that Chief 27 . A"" N""'D""V{E. .' ND'"':"W. However.CHAPT... '".rjng weaker .'.. Shaka had a bone to p'i(~k"vith the 'Ndwandwe be cause they 'had killed 'me Dingiswayo.'.:. E-:" _'I • I ". to her t collection Eventually.. .'".rAR. " -. L' • '... Shaka's spies brought rum news that 'Chief Zwide was planning 'to attack Zulu.'H' .lIl~ south. .".ER FIVE 'l'~.-vJdemd his Ndwandwe warriorskept moving steadily ~. pkmde. "_' • ~"'.·· WI'.roC{!:ss. p'." : . '~~.':-:' '"TH." In the following months._'" ""'" "I • " . In the."he old 'witch added many skulls.: ~.

mice the size of Jus own! He had to think.000 warriors.. The closest river W. and to tell .WAR M1"H THE NDWANDVVE Zwide's army was much bigger than his own . J In this W'1ly~ 'the Ndwandwe cbief 'was made "to give away his strategy for the battle.. There was fo ad for the Ndwandwe warriors.. lNhile Shaka's army numbered about 10. -. pace CMlC-d v. to Chief Zwide and who was. steep escarpm. often invited ItO the Chief's ItrGlal. Zwide had an enormous force of over 18 ~ 000 warriors.enr..lliS the.. and to underestimate the size of the Zulu army. had .: n.aJ. Zwide and report to hirn on his preparations. There W'dS a man called Noluju who was UI0\Vn.)lUJ Hill . and it was quire far. almos t . ozu Hi' ·1I'~ Q" f. W:U Noluju was also! to He to Z"'IVIde about Shak~~5plans..' 1 .. 11. Shaka sent him to go and spy on. lit was 'very dry. 11'0 Mfolozi. which was not: easy to climb from the direction of the Ndwandwe army. carefully.Zwide that the smaller than itt reallv "vas. I'i Q 'i. '1 Shaka carefullv chose where the battle ~ ~LJ . 1_11:' " woum be: a. nor water ~ 28 . Zulu army' .

WAR WITH THE Nr:nv. The Ndwandwe were not to susp ect anything until.ANDWE which they would ct. Nkandla Forest was nearby. in the beat of battle! The dense. they w. This Forest was haunted by evil spirits. Shaka planned to lure them into this forest. He 29 .'en~right in the' thick of it~' Shaka had his rnen evacuate the Z'ulupeople from the surround rung homesteads ~ They hid [11 the dense and swampy Nkandla forest. and no Ndwandwe in his right mind woru1d dare venture inside.ttairuy need.

W. 'and even 'the..... for the Zulu warriors during the battle. and.' ·!.H.eserted.S.iD.bt battle the N dwandwe had ever fbughr. d. And so the next d~y dawned. He had a plan for them. men to' stay behind in . village wi til. a. Other men 'wok some of the food and water up to Qokli Hill. that dry area the sun gat scorching hot by mfudday.· l .. Shaka 'asked a few of his. '. O. the yeat~· 818. the Ndwandwe began streaming toward IQ··.. the. carry off all the food and drive away the cattle.l!!. It was. In. pits. few cattle.AKAZULU had his.U.: ". men empty the grain. 30 . 'l['T~:fI .~and 'this was going to 1 be the roost difficu. However. toughest wMTior would be weakened without water.. .

The Ndwandwe carne running in their thousands. "ICOHle out.. their haste [tograb the well-fed Zulu cattle.~:')) But there 'was no Zulu an. Wait~was that 3. iusid. He hadinstead sent his. son. the army.f\Vhcl'"C in sight. you Zwu cowards! 'CODlJC out and face the champions of battle in all Nguniland. The N dwandwe rushed after the cattle that were going toward the dark forest. tailing..g them from atop the hil!~saw to Ius disappointment that me' wily Zwide had chosen to stay at horne. plot to 'tJr-a. In. V¥ ~ Hat~ . the Ndwandwe did not suspect that this was a. The place was as deserted as a ghost villagel Shaka gave a signal..e 31 .and'N'e.Shaka. 11rb. herd of cattle hurrying away?. to lead.s and bravado.. Nomahlanjana. ObBerV. and the warriors who bad remained hidde II ~n the 'rillag1e drove the cattle in to the view of the N dwandwe.~Il. 'the migh tJr N d w. all shou r.p them in theforest! As soan as the Ndwandwe were weU.

intent on. The ZuJu mined down on them from the hill and hammered.Zuri·i.~. Zwitne. found the evil Vlitch woman. from the 'trees like bees. tile ZUlu warriors descended on them. Nltombazi. However. them senseless. stinging with their deadlyI -ltwt.pay for the sins she had done.. spears.m an the W..:i'. They chased the. leamt of the defeat of IDS men 'and. :fled. a S\vann IOf devils descending on 'we' poor Ndwaadwe with and jackals in 'the distance! Those few' Ndwandwe 'who 'were able to escape from the forest were DO luckier..~. .A.'(IY bid north where they had come nom. . lik'e.tu~B! It was. because she would just as well . Instead. . the Zulu. Zwide bad.nds.. zung! L . to another land.S good enough.u:'W. capturing their chief. 32 .SHAKAZULD the forest.3.

¥ to .e.keep her ut company: a half-starved mad hyena. They' marched for m:my days through 33 ...~ 10£ witoChttry. to .50~O[]Omen" to meet the new' troublemaker. :ag'Ony t:: 11 . Ll!: 1Nhat a terrible fate! Cries ofterrible ' L.. brought him word.WJittl-.For punishment. . chased old 'witch round and round.. .lc . then a. He tried.w.. piece of her buttock! And no sooner . this time of .red:lim.reorganize. the scattered • Ndlwand. snapping :IW3:Y a limb. and he let off with an 3iDDY. .p urting an end to the evil ·wo. ' .e ·w.!lmo.. to .b. .r.lIllleUUJ.JI .' s yt. I' 'Th c crazy llnye:n I .man.After Chief Zwide and his men fled.'. '1_. their motherland .much back to .had he finished one m me bi't~ than be would be '~nneed of Inure.. the witch 'was dragged all the way 'back to Zululsnd and locked up inside an old 11 with a. uU[. scary companion. for the hunger of a starved hyena is enormous! Eventually Shaka ordered dlat the hut be set ablaze ~thus .. 'Yet again Shah's many informers. another Ndwandwe chief called Sikunyana took over.l.

SIMKAZULU the hot plains in. She 34 .. It was only by luck. ill ': '. and. and later fled up norm into Swazi Shaka trou ble again.. As for ChiefZwide who had. fierce foe by the name of'Queea Mabelemane..-v: ..ged to take over mather tribe and..(!fi..JLLIJ.. m M1. He escaped by h [ding: in a pit that was disguised as an elephan t trap.p.f"lb camped at a '~ao·Tii' . H ed " N··: d . He travelled north-west into the modern-day Sarno country with ~ few of hls men.my.a. m ighty column offiery safari ants crossing a 'bare field! They met the fe~r Ndwandwe l!.umn~singing war ax -hide shields and deadly' i ~klwastlashlng ill the sun. the zu~u a..ruJJi]I I • ~ . become chief. along ~ongs. ~l-'ag~.oJ. a worse fate. O]JOlIW~'IIi"ii P '.' ..1. They were 'Ii ke a.. rum. never '[0 C3.U n J"" ~ ~~~.I. Zwide S0011 carne face to faa: with a country. run :~w~ylike a coward..: U'.. awaited.. .r.use ..-lil ~ S:····h'c. .. forced to join. that the young Sikunyana managed to evade capture by the Zulu.) their enormous c. L the order the fearless Zulu swarmed up the slopes and devoured them.. The rest ofthe Ndwandwe warriors were captured and.].. ·M· ~Jh. However. A...

j8 rncther.sscd with a set of four pendulous breasts instead of the normal human two=what a sight! QUf. Zwide's own medicine men were no match for this powerful . forgotten. the witch N tombazi. b.Ie..m. powers dleclifLed~ and he died. nd a soon Z'\\71id-..('. was not there 'to help him. a strange land.ag~. 'work on Zwide and..~.'tile Chieftainess of the Pedi people and had terrible supernatural powers. Even stranger. indeed" she was. ." and.. woe unto him ~ 1. in.~ ~ e ..en Ma belemane se t her pOiwlerfuLi magic: to.~her name me ant 'Pour Breasts.WAH Wl.TH THE NDWANDVfE 'was.

th Zwide den:.SHAKAZULU Wi. And the Zulu empire kept growing. just as a. 36 .clump of'¥andering Jew weed grows over a manure heap in the rains. ~ the last serious opposition to Shaka '5 power was gone.

e even tried 3·7 . the so 1}10S[ me Zuluhad become powerful tribe fun. Shaka encountered the 'first Europeans travelling through Zul uland. .'. In appreciation. . It happened tha ~haka had been wounded in battle and was in a bad state." Their king Shaka reigned unchallenged. ' By this time.·_KA'. . and an English doctor carne wounds. Sometime in the year 1824. Shaka allowed the '[0 the rescue of this g~eat Zulu and treated his :nglish traders to operate in Z ululand.CHAPTER SIX THE DEATH OF SHA"·. all of ern Africa.

someone and. But around this time misfortune struck.H1'iJCA. The warriors became un ha. he would order that the poor fellow be dragged out into the plain and stuck on .ere}' of an 1:5 and vultures. at the m. Iest the same fate befall him! These killings created fear and discomfort aLCIOSS the land. And it was just what his scheming half-brother Dingane bad been 38 .hak. He would just walk up to. the dry fJeld. S. Shaka '8 beloved mother N andi died. they did not agree with. the awe in which this man was held no one dared question his orders. agony out there in. So great was.. And his warriors did just that" leaving the poor man to die in.Z'UIJJ to establish diploma ti c relations wi th King George.a was inconsolable attached 'to his rn othe f.2IL stake.' for he was very In his mger he ordered many people killed') suspecting them of being witches who had caused his m other's death .S. the king of '[he 'white people thousands of kilometres a:way.ppy because 'Often they were ordered to do things. if he looked suspicsous.

" .~at 41 year-s of age a t the hands of his own ha lf brother Dingane.THE D'1!ATli OF 5HAKA ''\vaiting for..~:~ in the _.: LmL. Ull)dl. JLUJ~]:l ..LJ. . ..bing 'i!.... Dingane and a few other members of the family plotted Shaka ':5 death.:J lL..~ b". in 182g.. brave 111M1 who built and led rhe most ferocious army Mrica had ever seen ... I~ back with the d. .rb. 39 I' . . He died. _.ead]y i~llfw'a spear he had fashioned. ". rnl Thew Ilf)joun-if"p'd . They crept upon him early one !llOrntng as he stood. alone i~ a small kraal ailed kwaNyakanlUb! ~ The 'army was not 'there to defend cllcir ~e3der for ~ Shaka had ordered them 'to go '[0 war just the day before. :lL. And SIO ended thee life of a great k[ngf~the c ' imaginative.. Secretly. hi" m .~ r.. I r"··' .

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