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Great Warrior King

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Great Warrior King... •. ~·
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by Stanley Gazembs
11]usu3ted

by

h.phaeJ lGm·Qsop

Sasa Serna Publications
Nairobi.

~o:FJS copyrig_h [© Z004 Raph~l 'f. No part oftbis publication m. ISBN: '9966-9.IDp Cover' illnstration cCipyrlght e .O.·aJ.Mlell:'S.i\il rights reserved..ybe rcpr. sysremer 'h'a[l1~m:ittt:d in.2004 Srnnley A 'GazeID1~ Ltd.~ rrom '1lJJ.. N~irobi .2 004 J ann Nysgih Cover design by Zand Graphl C5.]mo.P. n UK 139.[~tr.'l."!rirm::d by F®tOifurn'i Ltd. ~I 1~I~~I.~~. i:.. Serna.IIJ.d:~lici!LtiolJi$ltd• .r © . P.r:i] -2 7' ~X 'Published bv I .o.• f!. P.e POLl. any fmm by . Box 14681.odiuccd~ sto(Cd :lll a .a!l1Ymeans wirhout permission • lID \l'Il~ a..Thxt Wusrra. Copyrigh.56~OD80 Naiirob~ o Sa~2I.].O.

c' I II Shaka Is Expelled.27 v .m. from HO.!! 'Growing into a Warrior .. [X 1 3.CONTENTS Pr1ejar. It)1 IV Dingiswayo is Killed 22 V 'War with the Ndwandwe .

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e Afr'i'ciltn Peop'u by Robert ·W:. nways be ~yi[1..oJe. yOllllg boy :i 11.le GnlJct Africttns by Sir Rex Niven (G. A Histor. There w. of th.njoy in HlstOry. Jl!l~y(EARP) and The . Be~)') Sons o!Z-ul.PREFACE The legend of Shaka is well -known among 'the people oJ southern Afiica and Attica as a.]l1!}' primary' school hi 5'1:0:11" lessons.g the books ID' read and found enligh tening 'were: Ni'. J set lou'r 'to do some research about rum and about the Zulu.dary 6gures met e~crly ItO attain the enviable status they It.ilIJl.g accounts of what historicaI and ]egem. people.u by Aub:n:·ey Ellior {Colli ns). ·wfu. ill my' attempt to unearth the legend of Shaka ~the great warrior I. M](Ul.3. had &5'L heard about as .

who..be. as matters to do with myths :wd .i. I am confident that most of the events described..Linnee 'Who he~.Shua for m. Bu e most of aruID the iinvaJ:uab~e. sequence o:feveng· and even the y~an ID whlch 'Mo'er Mppened* Nevertheless.W this booJk. I admit iba. YlU .err much..SHJ\.. I 'YfOnld.C" Thank you v. elp afme Kenya Natiul]JaJj h Ubrary Services special lIerereru:e section s~. bur.-iil'li .tgefids cam..y 'to ind vamruable literature 'On .Wre 'to i\db.)Thad to find a middle ground and .pt to. ~Iur our of their' ''W3.'lO'i.warry· all these veesions 1m.jed~'ehere the contribution of 1.Ia Lute and Silas Okutoyi ofS~sa Serna Publications who furnished me: ". 31"€ \vha:t reallyhappened. 'and in lnstances they clashed on me.pedrne edit the script..nth new ideas ~Eliz3Jb~th :Ndua for reading the' rnanusceiptand glvmg vilulbie mmgestions:l' and also S~ .t it[: may be: flawed. order to come up 'Wl.KA ZULU D~maR a/the Zulu K"'Ufilom by J'eff'GUly (Longman). They au1lll g3Ye dliTerent versions of ~at happened.. vnire a balanced ~umor re~der. In addition watched ffi]ms made onthis great Zu'Ju. in fIll' anem.

. . . ..-L' .e. given that he.g warrior.."p. .my. onee melle lived a. He led his people in battffie5conquering many neighbouring tribes. .'D". " .' .. - ' .. .y rn]tel Hgent leader 'who 'thought I CJiI--efuUy before sending his warriors to. ' . . "EL. gIieaf[ king.'X..E. of the Zulu people called Shaka.. had spent a..CHAPT'ER ONE lSI 'E'.. And he was not just strong but aJI_IO a mgh!.' " . S. .-'.RAKA-' F'R' 0'"'M H' 0---'ME'.n. :face the m._. .. ""-' - .lot of time training them.. '_. '.. and wouJd Dot risk losing anyofrhem. This is became be loved them. The Zulu arc a smrthern African tribe I . . Shaka was a strong hardwodd. ..

means 'sky'-'"and so they calJ th emsel yes.(JlJtl_~~ iJI.zU]~U whose territory lies between two great rivers. Their name.. the Zulu had ftiendly neighbours.' leadership of Shaka . me Mfolozi [0 the north.p .>JII Swaziland wen! the fiery tribe. Zulu. yl~t another river.rapture their young men and 'WOOlen.. The Ndwandwe were . Through their . Perhaps the fiercest enemies of 'the Zul u. the "pe ople of the sky~·.l1. to the east is. and the Tugela to the south..hiUy country passes Mhlamse. and' the Qwabe 'tribe to the south. seeking to rob them of their cattle and . the Mrctw3 tribe to the east. At 'me 'time that Shaka lived. me: To the west tower the Drakcnsberg Range of mountains. The young men were ...'they were no matchl In those days" tribes fought bitter wars with their neighbours...SHAU . Up north towards the hilly country that is the modern-day Ndwandwe Pili" '!i. 1!j"UJ.. B ut still 1 und UJli!r gallant L. the endless Indian 0 C'C3.

e. And Shaka was :iU1 exp er it: at them: he managed u. Shaka was . e u \ 1. '. .khlornletre~ across what: is today South.EXPELLED PROM HOME forced to join their army~ 'These wars were called. ~ O' _. Even though he became great.sOO. ' •• _ of only l~.' ._ _ '.·. £'250" 00 I peop 1 out It uug't! nanon 0. or War-s of Wmdering'. his area was about two thirds the size of Kenya. also expanded his territory un till it covered an area of albaut 3 20 ~ 000 square. the to b ::'Id -UJIIJ. He. Afrka.•• . Mpcsn.

his first- woman who was not properly married to him. One daY' when Shaka was out herding his father's cattle. many wives. Shaka was born around the year 17~8~. 'were ever born! Shaka grew up like any other Z uI1l1 'boy. But Shaka.SHA:KA Z 1[f L U nor. brought up in a royaJ household. angered by what he thought to be Shaka's own carelessness that he bad the boy. along with . Zulu chief who had.J. His main task was herding his father' s cattle and protecting them from wild dogs. Shaka 's father Scnzangakona was born child. W~$ He had to stru ggle from a life of poverty to rise to 3.long before any of us 7 born to . a '\-vL]d dog sneaked up on the herd and killed one ofthe sheep. where he 'vas. Shaka's father was so. and other dangerous animals.

J._ """~ W. Sometimes the kind strangers tookthem in and fed them" And then. Suddenly they had nowhere to live. [11 They would come upon a household on their path. However. _. early at dawn they woul d leave Ion their way.kraal) as it was known.w"Fn1i·· or P·I·]'·'Il"'IiCp11i .r th.11'0(0' ~:v.a ~ 11'1'. This. and had to spend the l]ight in the biting cold undernea th the stars ~ hungry and misera ble . and knock at the L But often they 'were DOt so hl'cky..rery different from the life of an ~ "~_~'Ii. Nandi " thrown out of his large hou sehold. and had 'to beg for shelter fo..EXI~ELLEn FhtOM ~IOME his mother.w .Y Shaka and his mother traveled this until they reached Nandi '8 relations of the Langeni tribe in the hills north of Z ululand '.I.·. as night fell ain house and beg to be shel tered for the night. them In. lot of difficulties.. certainl y . Shaka was only' six ye ars old H Cas:t on t of his father' 5 household ~or .i'Yti.e night from strangers. Shaka and! hi~ mother went through a. was. The Langeni people took. the clansmen were unkind to 5 .

the young.gh his. refuge with a kindly neighbouring clan cal led the. his hosts.y of the S. He worked very hard :in every chore he was given. .iiW:3.etw. drought came.tan~ finely-built y10lmg man who could throw his spear with amazing' accuracy. Shaka aimed his spear and struck the le opard ill the ribs. The M tetwa chief ruled mer lllall. including the Zulus. down.~ru. over the Iand and Shaka and his mother had to set off yei[ again ~ Thi So tirn e ~ though. Hewas also growing into .nkru!ed :3[ ears ~and.WT-O'LU1. Soo D. of other boys because his parents bad.SI-IAUZULU them.tree. nature was kinder 'to them. Often Shaka was the laughing stock. and 'they found. man 'was not aboutto let. Nat one to run . and greatly Unpressed the Mt.cri.g smaller tribes. not beep.Y.i people. made him 'Very bitter. They would also ~. Having found l1t little peace at last. me One day our herding he came upon a leopard lying run a. married. These tribes 'were collectively called Nguni speakers. . Mtetwa. this. mother had br(lugb[ on their name by conceiving Shaka out 'Of wedlock.~. because of the dishonour his.din.

As the wounded leopard lunged at him. He ordered me leopard's to skin [.BXP.PRO M HOMt: bringing it down out of the tr-ee. The chief heard of wha t the young m ant bad done and he was very impressed. 7 . Burt he did not send Shaka awayempty- Hie rewarded the young n13JJ with a CO~~ his very fin t P ossession. So gre at was Shaka's pride and Joy! handed.0 b e prepared and brought him.~ Shaka 'was pIiepare d with his other spear and dub and he bravely struck it dead.ELLED .

over. Dingiswayo. He also taught 'them to 8 .. 'GROWIN'G INT'O' A.. Dingiswayo befriended Shaka and trained him 3S a warrior . his son. He taugh his men how important physicalli fitness is to a warrior. took. kind chief of tl e Mtetwa ~ n 1807. and yet he was so tall. Soon Shaka distingui shed him self as. reghl1. WARRIOR Upon the death of the.CHAPTER TWO. By 'this rune Shaka was only 20' yc MS old. a clever warrior ~and was given a.ent to lead. he towered over other menl On top of that he had a very powerful body and a restless mind.

onaHy~ warriors were used to fighting with Q. Tradl:ti.could be as fast as antelopes. going first into the field of thorns! ' By the end of the exercise few' of men dare d ques tion Shaka' s orders ~ He e~re. he ordered that a.new kind of weapon. They 'were not to throw 'their spears like field be covered wi th nku. Shaka introduced a short heavy spear called an i-.klwa. 9 .nd1esl:gned a" ..~ the me i me.nz'gn(l. He brough in many other cb :an~es. Shaka taught his warriors to hold the i. fiery sharp "devll-thoms'.GROWING INTO A WARlUOR foilow 'me orders of their t superiors. light RJ'£f8ai' spear which they threw at the enemy. long. FOf' the few who resisted. For instance he made 'them discard their cowhide sandals and fight barefoot so that they. and ordered them to trample them into ground with their bare feet! And such was his wisdom he would nut let his prized warriors go 'through the orde al wi thout first showing that it could be done He personally led the exercise.=klwa un til the ve ry end of the battle.

S h aka. He taught the warrio rs how [0 use this.. Now Ell Zulu warrior had to advance as close as possible to his enemy and engage him 3.. As a result their fighting 'tactics had i) . . kllVtt. Shaka . big shiel d to push tile enemy's shield to. to the fatal. Shaka fa ught h is warriors the m ethod of the 'bul 'I's-horns. Then me enemy') s body was open.HAKA. close hand-to-hand combat. the side. He told them 10 stay in hiding until they had seen enough of the enemy to know how strong he was... ~ When the ~ "sbull 10 .. they were to be as cunning as foxes. Once they were certain of the enemy's strength. This called for immense bravery! 'To Furth er prote cfr the warrio rs. ZlJ L U thei r enernies di d. invented a longer. Finally.S. heavier shield made of raw ox -hide that covered the entire body. Indeed. aJ so taugh this warriors never to sha\v th ernselves to the en erny at the beg] nn ing of a battle. stab of the i. [0 t change. they could COIne out fighting.

t111 e' Butelezi.cft. eanwhile. 1I . the M twn other groups of warriors ran around on either side of me enem y in thin columns.A central solid block of warriors rust: advanced and locked arms wi th the enemy in a fierce hand-to-hand They were the largest group of the three. . one" group to 'the right.horns' trick was used.est'or ~ head' fight . of the unit . These were the ~ horns. .. The war with a neighboring clan. the enemy could hardly gel!:'out alive! The army was to be divided into three grDUpS.·ch. Soon an opportunity ShO'N carne for Shaka to Mterwa went to I his skills as a f gil te r. ~ and the enemy would be trapped in between. and 'the other to the ]. formed the !l.. and.

and easily took the spear sweeping ~. Shaka a snarl spreading on his face. 0]] But Shaka. champion 0 ~hen a the Burel 'Zi stepped forward and . tensely watching the l\VO men. The ox-tails he wore around his knees and elbows danced menacingly as he approached the enemy.1. Sudden ly Shaka sprang forward.tout. dared anyone to come for"vard and face him. beating his chest proudly. The Bute]ez] champion was alarmed and . The Butelezi champion raised his spear and lunged . AJ[ around the m the cheering ''''arriors had gone silent." confident that Shaka was an easy catch. The Butelczi champion carnie to meet him.2 his. his eye staring' fixedly at him. fleet as a. holding his short i-khvtl sp. of me enemy's 1.e'ar in his.Chief Dingiswayo took three regiments with him to fight the Butclezi. hand and a huge white shield in the other.. buck] was ready for him. shield. grip. They stood at opposite ends of the battlefield exchanging insults.

and 13 .[NTO A '\¥ARlUOR raised his second! spear for another attack. Yet again Shaka bravely stepp ed ]n to the n\I1ng of the long spear and took mt on his huge shield. pushing it over '[0 his left.G ROW[NG .

.C 'n Ihni c ne '_' .K!1 ZULU th en he used his shie 1 again to push Ute d Butelezi's shield out: of me \V~.and yet Shaka had floored bill'] so c asily .S.21 "i!..HA. Shah forced both shields to his left. fear descended on the unbelieving Butclezi warriors ]~.nedup behind him..I.As they had been trained.d. Behind him rushed the other ... Immediately their champion had fallen he sprang forward and raced towards the front ranks of the Butelezi army. The rest of the Mtetwa hurriedly formed into the VI\VO columns of 'the 'horns' and raced ahead very fasr along each flank. ...~ But Shaka was not ab ou t to give them a break..'. 1 taught 'the nl '.. the Butelezi champion feU to his knees with .-l€lwt! descended round-eyed MJj..g b rute force. one to. s-norns recr fnq ue he h au . the left and the other 'to two IC'O[ umns me right of the B u tele zi arrny. the suddenly turned in wards.~ yell. This man was their best warrior..y" Applyin.. leaving the left side of the startled B utele zi exposed to the stab of his deadly i-k/wa spe ar.. ..Mtetwa 'warriors who made up the ~hest'" o~ tth eu'b 'I. closing 14 . As Shaka' s f:u:~a'Yjt i.

giswayo stopp ed the battle and ordered the Butelezi 'to surrender. astonished at wha thad happe n ed. The rest of the Butelezi army. thanks to the bravery and ingen uity of one man. and ran. There was no need for senseless bloodshed.'. turned rail. Chief D m. The Mtetwa had won the battle hands-down. indeed! 15 . Shaka ~ Later ~Chief D iagiswa yo rewarded Shaka wi th teu head of ca ttle an. hack towards where their 'worn en and cattle were waiting. They were expecting to start the ja.d promcted him to the rank of captain of a hundred-mart And it was a well-deservedreward unit.bulll" the victory dance! Seeing this.GRO\VING fNTO A WAl00:0R in and trapping 'the front ranks. of the Butelezi army inside the "hull's horns.

. Bn t this \I\"a5not.CHAPTER THREE '. . RN····H· O'. announced that be wanted one of his olher sons. brave young rnan spread far and wide. When Shaka heard the news he prepared to travel horne to assume Jeaderahip of the clan 'I U be was the eldest son. going to be easy. back. . RET"U'. horne in Znluland Shaka's ageing father Senzangakona wed. This w:as iD the year 1816. M'E . Before he wed. . the old. . . _. . '..' .. 16 .' & the fame of this. man. named Signjana.

Chief Dingiswayo.. Fortunat..I?.iln1. full'.. with Shaka at the head.' 1. r:1~ ".rlll . . .RETURN HOME to take over le adership of the c]an. However.Zulus. Shaka managed to mice the throne of tile' Zulu people from his ." Shaka's friend.de himselfkin. Shaka realized that be had many enemies.:l1 "'...cked at any time.i.'na.. As the gallan t warriors marched through ~ the village.. there were sho '!""(C 'of h. ·li..e~y..' Li'O"'I'II11 '_ UI.g of the Zulus.jI.. l:~.":r/.. This meant that now Shaka had to fight for the throne. Some' of his enemies were . .JLJe! .stepbrother . Shaka 'was happy to be back home after so many years wandering in. 17 . Jill! lLTf:lOM.. the wild.could be a.'\I'o'iII. L.'I{"'lP.Tt:r.il·n~.IDs.M!B Lion! " The 'peop~.eof 'the tribe were salu ting their new leader. They were not happy that Shaka had returned from exile and D13.. ~ -i' ~ " I..~b.. 'was there to help him. brooding half-brothers. tnrone tlaat Aft er successn y capmnng t. righ tflE11y belonged to him. tI-!I!. With the aid of Mtetwa warriors.The ..m:. 'the greatest enemies were the powerful clans like me N dwandwe to 'the north . .

He had some persona] business. 'What shock it was for them to wake up and 'find stran. He first took 'Wl]L1 t remained of Chief Dingiswayo's Mtetwa army and added them to his own.ge rs in their mildS'C} [heir well. He was not prepared Shaka's army WdS to lose the few warriors he had! But how could he conquer the other clans without going to war? This called for a. woke up by And this was the same for. the J" one morning to find his k'rasl surrounded Zulu warriors! ocher senior men ~n. lot of careful thought. Of course. the Langeni ~ up north. and he bad to' build it up before going to war. whom Shaka knew 'weI]. finest warriors and sneaked them into .honed spears gHnting menacingly in the morning sun! 18 . he selected some of his. to settle with 'them" To do this.SHAUZULU small. Then he burned to his mother's clan. the place' was familiar to him because he had spent :P'Mt of his childhood there.the dan.Langerli Iand. So carefully did Shaka plan the mission 'that Makcdarna the chief of the Langen i.

mere boy.. and. split tree trunks .age with his []icry ZuJ u i ntpis. settle wi th those of . But this was not all. Shaka. He ordered 'them to be executed on sharpened stakes made: from. not wishing to engage in senseless bloodshed wi th his kin. These stakes were normally usedto fence in cattle. l\nd JJ. Shaka also had a score to.hi s mother ~ relations. ordered the chief to sendyoung menfrom the tribe to join the Zulu army. the unkind re lations writhed L. as the warriors were known.arching th rough the VllH. M. Shaka found his unkind relations.Makedarna 'to do but surrender. s who had. in exchange for his being Left alone to run his affairs. been unkind to him. his mother.RETURN HOME There was nothing for Chief. when Shaka was but a.Il pain) Shaka ordered the Zulu i' 19 .

SHA. mat is. young men nom other neighboeing clans heard of his conq nests In war and. Left to 20 . the Zulu easily conquered other neighbouring tribes.. t. And so the remaining Langeni 'warriors joined Shaka's army.eik J Bttye'def' to the king.t. willingly came to join him. Atfter that. 'Those :fe\v clans who dared resist the Zulu. grain and women. They took away cattle. Moreover. were soon to regret it.io. even as they i.. The Zulu descended on them in fearless droves and razed their villages to the ground.o mc:rcy' at 1l1L It was payback time for what they had done to him and his mother. all their wealth. died" Shaka fe~t n. Bll:y.KA .ZIII u army in. exchange for their being left mec'to run their own affairs.zUL·U warrior'S to set the :fe:nceson fire VVhat agony the unkind relations lived 'through 3$ they died! And yet SUtch was their awe that they shouted the royal greeting. The Zulu arm y was grow.g from strength to strength . He made their' chiefs send young' men 'to serve in the .

the you~g men learned a dis cipline that they had never known and were honed into the finest warriors.1JJ army.E:r U RN H:O. they had no option but 'to surrender and be enlisted into the . the wilderness.R. And as they came into the Z ulu army.M. sou th of the Sahara! 21 .ZlLlJ.Ii wander the open peld.

The Chief of the Ndwaridwe was a crafty fe.CHAPTER FOUR D. Often they had ." and occasionally captured Chief Zwide. released the Ndwandwe chief with a fine of a few head of cattle: and a stern warning to behave himself 22 .d was tnc rana hostile Ndwandwe clan.· .INGISWAYO IS KIL·.L·E·D.. who had been giving Chief Dingiswayo trouble fot a. 'to keep the peace» he ~w~ys.. D"· .:.llow· m amed Zwide. but. mgiswayo ')s 1.gone [0 war. s. '- To the north of his friend . Dingiswayo was stronger. long time... . .

That is unable 'to defeat the stronger Sf) Chief Dingiswayo Ntombazi.er tb ey' plotted to c ast a powerful magic spell on Dingiswayo. which his "The man. ''''] say next time yOll catch that weasel you should slit his throat! the proper thing to do" my friend ~ .6! 'Tog:eth. Zwide W. friend and mentor could go in the name of good relations with his neighbours. hair and bits of his. VIce. he could. Moreover. this they needed 80m e To do of his.J" d fjrienn s :t11. ED L Shaka warned his friend that the Ndwandwc chief was not to be trusted ." But Chief Dingiswayo bru shed aside his -' -." he cautioned.DING[SWAYO ]'8 K]I .. Ntombazi was an old witch who ~ ..W.. 2. she kept the skulls of the p eople she killed in her bouse! Ntombazi agreed to.. In fact. not believethe levels to. help him.. She wanted to keep his prized head to add to her collection of skul 1. used her craft 'to destroy people. he hatched an evil plan" Zwide sought the help of his mother. is going to make an attempt on your own life next.3 .

To get th e hai r and toen ai ls. . ~!-. It had been arranged th at Shaka and some of the warriors. 01ngi swayo was so taken by the stu nningly beau tifiil woman 'thai he married her.. COlD. Id get.n.. rus nair an d. they sen t a to Dingiswayo..I1.. This woman beautiful \VOnl:.1 was to trick him into marrying her so that she . -. 'When the' magic was ready" 'tile old 'witch told her SOD to !chaUenge Chief Dingiswayo to battle.some 0 f his ttoenans. And Diugi sway 0.~ L· . The: witch would use these to brew' a. took up the challenge.. wo uld m eet D inglis'\Wyo' s . toenails.'I!. like a true Nguni.24 . strong magic medicine which would trap Dingi swa yo '. note k_noMflg he was courting deathl his own.

. - .'.LJl.'. - the s~fety' of his own army and started 'walking' right in to. ~-.'.a· UJII.. Soon 'Chief Dingiswayo like a mad man..Ib.t the great chief not omy me battle.army.. c.. thrashing once and for all. way. River . but his life as well.. This was going to I(OS.. left .. In this. a...'~m. Dingiswayo had [0 go on without him.!~ shed_ her powerful m.o. 1!L..~ .niO"~. ~ N···· . in 'me battlefield close to the black Mfol 0zi J:U" As the two enemies stood facing' each other 111In~. But sorneho w. meet 'a " twist 0f' rate. ".: SL.r. the enemy ranksl So strong W~ the spell that not one of his warriors accompanied himl Only a handful of his wives 'went faithfully with him.J.y .. either by magic OF to. Then they 'would . was .-.oi"'" MJ. .£. I .riors and give them.go together the Ndwandwe Wi:r..J..!Il1~ late in getting 'to the agreed rendezvous. So. the mighty chief of the Mtenva 'was lured into the hands of Chief Zwide and .. -LU· m bazi U _..... .!!i..

Shaka's grief '\Y2S immeasurable when he got the news of the cowardly murder of hi me ·d and mentor" wise Chief Dingisv ayo. 26 .SHAK.. he vowed to avenge the death of his friend. Silently and sur· ly.\ZULU was. killed.

: ~.·· WI'. . "_' • ~"'. '"." In the following months.roC{!:ss._'" ""'" "I • " .. .lIl~ south. However.'. T..'H' .."he old 'witch added many skulls. Shaka's spies brought rum news that 'Chief Zwide was planning 'to attack Zulu.:. '~~..'. to her t collection Eventually. pkmde. Shaka had a bone to p'i(~k"vith the 'Ndwandwe be cause they 'had killed 'me Dingiswayo.CHAPT.. be knew that Chief 27 . A"" N""'D""V{E." : .rAR.rjng weaker .ER FIVE 'l'~.-vJdemd his Ndwandwe warriorskept moving steadily ~.' ND'"':"W. E-:" _'I • I ".' .". p'.':-:' '"TH. " -.. L' • './ tribes [n their '\vay.'". In the. Z'. .

I'i Q 'i. '1 Shaka carefullv chose where the battle ~ ~LJ . often invited ItO the Chief's ItrGlal.. steep escarpm. and to underestimate the size of the Zulu army. 11. There was fo ad for the Ndwandwe warriors.. had . to Chief Zwide and who was.mice the size of Jus own! He had to think.)lUJ Hill . -. and it was quire far. 11'0 Mfolozi.. and to tell .: n. W:U Noluju was also! to He to Z"'IVIde about Shak~~5plans. carefully. pace CMlC-d v. There W'dS a man called Noluju who was UI0\Vn. which was not: easy to climb from the direction of the Ndwandwe army.. lit was 'very dry.aJ..WAR M1"H THE NDWANDVVE Zwide's army was much bigger than his own .lliS the...enr.Zwide that the smaller than itt reallv "vas. Shaka sent him to go and spy on. lNhile Shaka's army numbered about 10. The closest river W.' 1 . Zwide and report to hirn on his preparations. J In this W'1ly~ 'the Ndwandwe cbief 'was made "to give away his strategy for the battle.000 warriors. nor water ~ 28 . almos t . ozu Hi' ·1I'~ Q" f. Zwide had an enormous force of over 18 ~ 000 warriors. 1_11:' " woum be: a. Zulu army' .

He 29 . The Ndwandwe were not to susp ect anything until. Nkandla Forest was nearby.ANDWE which they would ct. This Forest was haunted by evil spirits. Shaka planned to lure them into this forest.WAR WITH THE Nr:nv. they w. and no Ndwandwe in his right mind woru1d dare venture inside. in the beat of battle! The dense.ttairuy need.'en~right in the' thick of it~' Shaka had his rnen evacuate the Z'ulupeople from the surround rung homesteads ~ They hid [11 the dense and swampy Nkandla forest.

. that dry area the sun gat scorching hot by mfudday. '.bt battle the N dwandwe had ever fbughr..S. few cattle. the Ndwandwe began streaming toward IQ··.. the.iD.l!!. It was. He had a plan for them. 30 . 'l['T~:fI . and.· l . Other men 'wok some of the food and water up to Qokli Hill. 'and even 'the. And so the next d~y dawned. pits.~and 'this was going to 1 be the roost difficu.AKAZULU had his.eserted.' ·!. men empty the grain. However. carry off all the food and drive away the cattle. .: ". In.U.W.. the yeat~· 818. toughest wMTior would be weakened without water... d. men to' stay behind in . a. for the Zulu warriors during the battle. village wi til.. Shaka 'asked a few of his.H. O.

Shaka...p them in theforest! As soan as the Ndwandwe were weU. V¥ ~ Hat~ . the army. 'the migh tJr N d w. herd of cattle hurrying away?.g them from atop the hil!~saw to Ius disappointment that me' wily Zwide had chosen to stay at horne. to lead.and'N'e.~:')) But there 'was no Zulu an. In.~Il.f\Vhcl'"C in sight. plot to 'tJr-a. iusid. 11rb.e 31 . ObBerV. son. "ICOHle out. The place was as deserted as a ghost villagel Shaka gave a signal. Nomahlanjana. Wait~was that 3. He hadinstead sent his. you Zwu cowards! 'CODlJC out and face the champions of battle in all Nguniland. and the warriors who bad remained hidde II ~n the 'rillag1e drove the cattle in to the view of the N dwandwe. all shou r. The N dwandwe rushed after the cattle that were going toward the dark forest. The Ndwandwe carne running in their thousands.s and bravado. the Ndwandwe did not suspect that this was a... their haste [tograb the well-fed Zulu cattle. tailing.

them senseless. The ZuJu mined down on them from the hill and hammered. ...m an the W.:i'. capturing their chief. However. Zwitne. stinging with their deadlyI -ltwt. They chased the. tile ZUlu warriors descended on them. spears.u:'W. leamt of the defeat of IDS men 'and. because she would just as well . to another land.A. :fled. lik'e.'(IY bid north where they had come nom. Instead. the Zulu.SHAKAZULD the forest.~.tu~B! It was. zung! L . intent on.Zuri·i.nds. from the 'trees like bees. Nltombazi. found the evil Vlitch woman.S good enough.. . 32 . a S\vann IOf devils descending on 'we' poor Ndwaadwe with and jackals in 'the distance! Those few' Ndwandwe 'who 'were able to escape from the forest were DO luckier.pay for the sins she had done. . Zwide bad.~..3.

. another Ndwandwe chief called Sikunyana took over. and he let off with an 3iDDY..After Chief Zwide and his men fled.' s yt. piece of her buttock! And no sooner .lIllleUUJ.keep her ut company: a half-starved mad hyena.¥ to . chased old 'witch round and round. this time of . to . :ag'Ony t:: 11 . . .. 'Yet again Shah's many informers.e ·w.. Ll!: 1Nhat a terrible fate! Cries ofterrible ' L. brought him word...much back to .b. ' .lc . scary companion. their motherland .p urting an end to the evil ·wo.man..50~O[]Omen" to meet the new' troublemaker. snapping :IW3:Y a limb. then a.'.e.For punishment. He tried.had he finished one m me bi't~ than be would be '~nneed of Inure. .reorganize. They' marched for m:my days through 33 .~ 10£ witoChttry.w. to . uU[. .l. the witch 'was dragged all the way 'back to Zululsnd and locked up inside an old 11 with a.!lmo. for the hunger of a starved hyena is enormous! Eventually Shaka ordered dlat the hut be set ablaze ~thus .JI . I' 'Th c crazy llnye:n I .WJittl-. '1_..r. the scattered • Ndlwand.red:lim.

. They were 'Ii ke a. a worse fate.a.) their enormous c.SIMKAZULU the hot plains in. H ed " N··: d . However. She 34 .. He travelled north-west into the modern-day Sarno country with ~ few of hls men.r. forced to join.. never '[0 C3.. that the young Sikunyana managed to evade capture by the Zulu. ill ': '.f"lb camped at a '~ao·Tii' .(!fi.p. ~l-'ag~... . m ighty column offiery safari ants crossing a 'bare field! They met the fe~r Ndwandwe l!..ged to take over mather tribe and.use ..: U'.. O]JOlIW~'IIi"ii P '. become chief..I..umn~singing war ax -hide shields and deadly' i ~klwastlashlng ill the sun. As for ChiefZwide who had..-v: . . awaited..my.U n J"" ~ ~~~.JLLIJ.oJ. run :~w~ylike a coward. m M1. and later fled up norm into Swazi Shaka trou ble again. It was only by luck.-lil ~ S:····h'c.. and. along ~ongs. rum.].. fierce foe by the name of'Queea Mabelemane.. A..' . L the order the fearless Zulu swarmed up the slopes and devoured them.1. The rest ofthe Ndwandwe warriors were captured and.. He escaped by h [ding: in a pit that was disguised as an elephan t trap. the zu~u a..ruJJi]I I • ~ . ·M· ~Jh. Zwide S0011 carne face to faa: with a country.

TH THE NDWANDVfE 'was.. Zwide's own medicine men were no match for this powerful ." and...~.. Even stranger. nd a soon Z'\\71id-.m. indeed" she was..'tile Chieftainess of the Pedi people and had terrible supernatural powers. b. woe unto him ~ 1.Ie. forgotten. powers dleclifLed~ and he died.~her name me ant 'Pour Breasts. . in.('.~ ~ e .en Ma belemane se t her pOiwlerfuLi magic: to.ag~. the witch N tombazi. 'work on Zwide and. was not there 'to help him. a strange land.j8 rncther.sscd with a set of four pendulous breasts instead of the normal human two=what a sight! QUf.WAH Wl.

clump of'¥andering Jew weed grows over a manure heap in the rains. 36 . And the Zulu empire kept growing. ~ the last serious opposition to Shaka '5 power was gone.SHAKAZULU Wi. just as a.th Zwide den:.

" Their king Shaka reigned unchallenged.'. Sometime in the year 1824. . all of ern Africa.e even tried 3·7 . In appreciation. and an English doctor carne wounds. . Shaka encountered the 'first Europeans travelling through Zul uland. Shaka allowed the '[0 the rescue of this g~eat Zulu and treated his :nglish traders to operate in Z ululand.·_KA'. . It happened tha ~haka had been wounded in battle and was in a bad state.CHAPTER SIX THE DEATH OF SHA"·. ' By this time. the so 1}10S[ me Zuluhad become powerful tribe fun.

Shaka '8 beloved mother N andi died. the awe in which this man was held no one dared question his orders. they did not agree with.H1'iJCA.S. Iest the same fate befall him! These killings created fear and discomfort aLCIOSS the land. he would order that the poor fellow be dragged out into the plain and stuck on . the dry fJeld.a was inconsolable attached 'to his rn othe f. at the m. The warriors became un ha.Z'UIJJ to establish diploma ti c relations wi th King George.ere}' of an 1:5 and vultures. if he looked suspicsous.2IL stake.' for he was very In his mger he ordered many people killed') suspecting them of being witches who had caused his m other's death .hak. And it was just what his scheming half-brother Dingane bad been 38 .. the king of '[he 'white people thousands of kilometres a:way. S.ppy because 'Often they were ordered to do things. someone and. But around this time misfortune struck. He would just walk up to. And his warriors did just that" leaving the poor man to die in. So great was. agony out there in.

I r"··' ... hi" m .~ b". I~ back with the d..LJ.: LmL. Secretly.. .bing 'i!.~at 41 year-s of age a t the hands of his own ha lf brother Dingane. 39 I' .. Dingane and a few other members of the family plotted Shaka ':5 death.. alone i~ a small kraal ailed kwaNyakanlUb! ~ The 'army was not 'there to defend cllcir ~e3der for ~ Shaka had ordered them 'to go '[0 war just the day before... And SIO ended thee life of a great k[ngf~the c ' imaginative. JLUJ~]:l . brave 111M1 who built and led rhe most ferocious army Mrica had ever seen .. :lL. . in 182g. ". _.rb.:J lL. . . rnl Thew Ilf)joun-if"p'd ...~ r. " .. They crept upon him early one !llOrntng as he stood. Ull)dl.THE D'1!ATli OF 5HAKA ''\vaiting for. He died.~:~ in the _.ead]y i~llfw'a spear he had fashioned.

L: !i:!I~• .!!ijii.!tv.Pepp. Po~.an:lln·iI'II . .Bitloq & ~""Si.s~ ~" NC ifl~g' ~'~~OOoK~~ .S..lm.!:fl'e f'fi.

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