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Great Warrior King

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B[LDAD .KAGGIA Voice of (be People

MOT-:']Ai¥.lED AM]N 1" he Eyes of Africa. ,M,WAI ·KliAKI Econo.mist for K~l1y;ilj

KJI~1(ATH] Leader ofMau M:iI.1"l
ELrJAI~· .f;,..L\SJ ND E Rebel ·wilth a Cause fEEVANIEE Be be I of the Empire ]"0]\01 0 I<ENYAl'TA F21Jt her 0 f Hara m bee:
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DEDAN

M\VANA KUPO'NA
Poetess from Lam u

N"E LS ON· .MAND':ELA Fighter· for Humanity
It.ONALD NGALA Teat: her with a Miss in n JAMM.OGT OD]NGA Pe ople is Revolu tiona ry

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Great Warrior King... •. ~·
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by Stanley Gazembs
11]usu3ted

by

h.phaeJ lGm·Qsop

Sasa Serna Publications
Nairobi.

ISBN: '9966-9.O.a!l1Ymeans wirhout permission • lID \l'Il~ a.2 004 J ann Nysgih Cover design by Zand Graphl C5.O.]mo. n UK 139. ~I 1~I~~I.~ rrom '1lJJ. No part oftbis publication m.'l.IIJ..IDp Cover' illnstration cCipyrlght e .odiuccd~ sto(Cd :lll a .r © .Thxt Wusrra.• f!. Box 14681."!rirm::d by F®tOifurn'i Ltd.o.]. N~irobi .2004 Srnnley A 'GazeID1~ Ltd.·aJ.P. P. Copyrigh..ybe rcpr..~~.i\il rights reserved. Serna.~o:FJS copyrig_h [© Z004 Raph~l 'f.[~tr.d:~lici!LtiolJi$ltd• .56~OD80 Naiirob~ o Sa~2I..r:i] -2 7' ~X 'Published bv I . sysremer 'h'a[l1~m:ittt:d in. i:.Mlell:'S.e POLl. P. any fmm by .

CONTENTS Pr1ejar.. It)1 IV Dingiswayo is Killed 22 V 'War with the Ndwandwe .m.!! 'Growing into a Warrior .c' I II Shaka Is Expelled. from HO. [X 1 3.27 v .

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There w. people.oJe. yOllllg boy :i 11. ·wfu. had &5'L heard about as . of th.e Afr'i'ciltn Peop'u by Robert ·W:.g accounts of what historicaI and ]egem.3. nways be ~yi[1.le GnlJct Africttns by Sir Rex Niven (G.u by Aub:n:·ey Ellior {Colli ns).. Jl!l~y(EARP) and The .g the books ID' read and found enligh tening 'were: Ni'.]l1!}' primary' school hi 5'1:0:11" lessons.ilIJl.PREFACE The legend of Shaka is well -known among 'the people oJ southern Afiica and Attica as a. M](Ul. A Histor.njoy in HlstOry.dary 6gures met e~crly ItO attain the enviable status they It. Be~)') Sons o!Z-ul. ill my' attempt to unearth the legend of Shaka ~the great warrior I. J set lou'r 'to do some research about rum and about the Zulu.

i.tgefids cam.t it[: may be: flawed. elp afme Kenya Natiul]JaJj h Ubrary Services special lIerereru:e section s~..err much. YlU .KA ZULU D~maR a/the Zulu K"'Ufilom by J'eff'GUly (Longman)..Wre 'to i\db... who.pt to.Shua for m. 31"€ \vha:t reallyhappened.)Thad to find a middle ground and .warry· all these veesions 1m..'lO'i.W this booJk. order to come up 'Wl..jed~'ehere the contribution of 1. bur. 'and in lnstances they clashed on me.nth new ideas ~Eliz3Jb~th :Ndua for reading the' rnanusceiptand glvmg vilulbie mmgestions:l' and also S~ . I 'YfOnld.. as matters to do with myths :wd . ~Iur our of their' ''W3.C" Thank you v. I admit iba.pedrne edit the script. In addition watched ffi]ms made onthis great Zu'Ju.y 'to ind vamruable literature 'On . in fIll' anem.Ia Lute and Silas Okutoyi ofS~sa Serna Publications who furnished me: ". Bu e most of aruID the iinvaJ:uab~e.SHJ\.be.-iil'li . vnire a balanced ~umor re~der. They au1lll g3Ye dliTerent versions of ~at happened. sequence o:feveng· and even the y~an ID whlch 'Mo'er Mppened* Nevertheless.Linnee 'Who he~. I am confident that most of the events described.

lot of time training them..e.'X. " . ' .'D". .my. '."p... . of the Zulu people called Shaka.. . gIieaf[ king. . . . . ._.. The Zulu arc a smrthern African tribe I .' .. and wouJd Dot risk losing anyofrhem. He led his people in battffie5conquering many neighbouring tribes. "EL.g warrior.. And he was not just strong but aJI_IO a mgh!.E.RAKA-' F'R' 0'"'M H' 0---'ME'.. had spent a.. . - ' . :face the m. ..-'.. Shaka was a strong hardwodd. ..CHAPT'ER ONE lSI 'E'.y rn]tel Hgent leader 'who 'thought I CJiI--efuUy before sending his warriors to. '_. S.. onee melle lived a. This is became be loved them. ""-' - . given that he.n.-L' .' " .

The young men were . and' the Qwabe 'tribe to the south.. Perhaps the fiercest enemies of 'the Zul u. Their name. The Ndwandwe were . the Mrctw3 tribe to the east. yl~t another river.. the "pe ople of the sky~·. B ut still 1 und UJli!r gallant L.. the endless Indian 0 C'C3.l1.'they were no matchl In those days" tribes fought bitter wars with their neighbours.p .(JlJtl_~~ iJI. to the east is.rapture their young men and 'WOOlen. seeking to rob them of their cattle and . At 'me 'time that Shaka lived.zU]~U whose territory lies between two great rivers... and the Tugela to the south. Through their .. 1!j"UJ. me Mfolozi [0 the north. means 'sky'-'"and so they calJ th emsel yes.SHAU .>JII Swaziland wen! the fiery tribe. the Zulu had ftiendly neighbours. me: To the west tower the Drakcnsberg Range of mountains.hiUy country passes Mhlamse.' leadership of Shaka .. Up north towards the hilly country that is the modern-day Ndwandwe Pili" '!i.. Zulu.

EXPELLED PROM HOME forced to join their army~ 'These wars were called.khlornletre~ across what: is today South. £'250" 00 I peop 1 out It uug't! nanon 0. '. e u \ 1. the to b ::'Id -UJIIJ. Mpcsn.•• . Shaka was . his area was about two thirds the size of Kenya. or War-s of Wmdering'. also expanded his territory un till it covered an area of albaut 3 20 ~ 000 square.sOO.' . And Shaka was :iU1 exp er it: at them: he managed u. ' •• _ of only l~.·. ._ _ '. ~ O' _. He. Afrka.e. Even though he became great.

But Shaka. his first- woman who was not properly married to him.J. Zulu chief who had. 'were ever born! Shaka grew up like any other Z uI1l1 'boy. angered by what he thought to be Shaka's own carelessness that he bad the boy. His main task was herding his father' s cattle and protecting them from wild dogs. W~$ He had to stru ggle from a life of poverty to rise to 3. along with . Shaka 's father Scnzangakona was born child. One daY' when Shaka was out herding his father's cattle. Shaka's father was so. Shaka was born around the year 17~8~. where he 'vas.SHA:KA Z 1[f L U nor. many wives. brought up in a royaJ household. a '\-vL]d dog sneaked up on the herd and killed one ofthe sheep.long before any of us 7 born to . and other dangerous animals.

..rery different from the life of an ~ "~_~'Ii. The Langeni people took. was. This.w . them In. [11 They would come upon a household on their path. However. _. the clansmen were unkind to 5 .kraal) as it was known.EXI~ELLEn FhtOM ~IOME his mother. Shaka and! hi~ mother went through a._ """~ W.r th.Y Shaka and his mother traveled this until they reached Nandi '8 relations of the Langeni tribe in the hills north of Z ululand '. Sometimes the kind strangers tookthem in and fed them" And then. Nandi " thrown out of his large hou sehold.I. and knock at the L But often they 'were DOt so hl'cky.a ~ 11'1'.11'0(0' ~:v. as night fell ain house and beg to be shel tered for the night.w"Fn1i·· or P·I·]'·'Il"'IiCp11i . Shaka was only' six ye ars old H Cas:t on t of his father' 5 household ~or . early at dawn they woul d leave Ion their way.J.. lot of difficulties. and had to spend the l]ight in the biting cold undernea th the stars ~ hungry and misera ble .·. Suddenly they had nowhere to live.e night from strangers. certainl y .i'Yti. and had 'to beg for shelter fo.

and greatly Unpressed the Mt.g smaller tribes. Often Shaka was the laughing stock. married. including the Zulus.tree.etw. man 'was not aboutto let. this. of other boys because his parents bad. He worked very hard :in every chore he was given.nkru!ed :3[ ears ~and. Soo D. Nat one to run . . Hewas also growing into . The M tetwa chief ruled mer lllall. They would also ~.i people.tan~ finely-built y10lmg man who could throw his spear with amazing' accuracy. and 'they found.~ru. his hosts.iiW:3. nature was kinder 'to them. the young. Having found l1t little peace at last.y of the S.gh his. me One day our herding he came upon a leopard lying run a.SI-IAUZULU them. refuge with a kindly neighbouring clan cal led the. not beep. . made him 'Very bitter.cri. over the Iand and Shaka and his mother had to set off yei[ again ~ Thi So tirn e ~ though. drought came.Y.WT-O'LU1. down. because of the dishonour his. Mtetwa.din.~. mother had br(lugb[ on their name by conceiving Shaka out 'Of wedlock. Shaka aimed his spear and struck the le opard ill the ribs. These tribes 'were collectively called Nguni speakers.

He ordered me leopard's to skin [. The chief heard of wha t the young m ant bad done and he was very impressed. 7 .BXP. So gre at was Shaka's pride and Joy! handed.ELLED .~ Shaka 'was pIiepare d with his other spear and dub and he bravely struck it dead.0 b e prepared and brought him. Burt he did not send Shaka awayempty- Hie rewarded the young n13JJ with a CO~~ his very fin t P ossession. As the wounded leopard lunged at him.PRO M HOMt: bringing it down out of the tr-ee.

Soon Shaka distingui shed him self as. kind chief of tl e Mtetwa ~ n 1807. he towered over other menl On top of that he had a very powerful body and a restless mind. and yet he was so tall. He also taught 'them to 8 . 'GROWIN'G INT'O' A.ent to lead... a clever warrior ~and was given a. By 'this rune Shaka was only 20' yc MS old.CHAPTER TWO. took. Dingiswayo befriended Shaka and trained him 3S a warrior . over. He taugh his men how important physicalli fitness is to a warrior. reghl1. Dingiswayo. WARRIOR Upon the death of the. his son.

Shaka taught his warriors to hold the i. Tradl:ti. long.onaHy~ warriors were used to fighting with Q.nd1esl:gned a" .GROWING INTO A WARlUOR foilow 'me orders of their t superiors.could be as fast as antelopes. he ordered that a. 9 .nz'gn(l. light RJ'£f8ai' spear which they threw at the enemy.~ the me i me. and ordered them to trample them into ground with their bare feet! And such was his wisdom he would nut let his prized warriors go 'through the orde al wi thout first showing that it could be done He personally led the exercise. fiery sharp "devll-thoms'. FOf' the few who resisted.klwa.=klwa un til the ve ry end of the battle. They 'were not to throw 'their spears like field be covered wi th nku.new kind of weapon. For instance he made 'them discard their cowhide sandals and fight barefoot so that they. He brough in many other cb :an~es.. going first into the field of thorns! ' By the end of the exercise few' of men dare d ques tion Shaka' s orders ~ He e~re. Shaka introduced a short heavy spear called an i-.

. stab of the i. Indeed. close hand-to-hand combat. they were to be as cunning as foxes. Finally. [0 t change. to the fatal. aJ so taugh this warriors never to sha\v th ernselves to the en erny at the beg] nn ing of a battle. ~ When the ~ "sbull 10 . Shaka .. kllVtt. . He taught the warrio rs how [0 use this. the side. big shiel d to push tile enemy's shield to. Now Ell Zulu warrior had to advance as close as possible to his enemy and engage him 3. they could COIne out fighting.. Once they were certain of the enemy's strength.S.. As a result their fighting 'tactics had i) . Then me enemy') s body was open..HAKA. Shaka fa ught h is warriors the m ethod of the 'bul 'I's-horns. This called for immense bravery! 'To Furth er prote cfr the warrio rs. He told them 10 stay in hiding until they had seen enough of the enemy to know how strong he was. invented a longer. S h aka. ZlJ L U thei r enernies di d. heavier shield made of raw ox -hide that covered the entire body.

A central solid block of warriors rust: advanced and locked arms wi th the enemy in a fierce hand-to-hand They were the largest group of the three.. and 'the other to the ]. t111 e' Butelezi.·ch. . the enemy could hardly gel!:'out alive! The army was to be divided into three grDUpS.. These were the ~ horns. eanwhile.cft. The war with a neighboring clan. ~ and the enemy would be trapped in between. formed the !l.est'or ~ head' fight . and. . of the unit . Soon an opportunity ShO'N carne for Shaka to Mterwa went to I his skills as a f gil te r.horns' trick was used. one" group to 'the right. the M twn other groups of warriors ran around on either side of me enem y in thin columns. 1I .

holding his short i-khvtl sp. fleet as a. his eye staring' fixedly at him. The Butelczi champion carnie to meet him." confident that Shaka was an easy catch.Chief Dingiswayo took three regiments with him to fight the Butclezi. Shaka a snarl spreading on his face. They stood at opposite ends of the battlefield exchanging insults. tensely watching the l\VO men. champion 0 ~hen a the Burel 'Zi stepped forward and . beating his chest proudly.1. dared anyone to come for"vard and face him. grip. shield. 0]] But Shaka. AJ[ around the m the cheering ''''arriors had gone silent. The Butelezi champion raised his spear and lunged .e'ar in his. buck] was ready for him.. hand and a huge white shield in the other. of me enemy's 1.2 his. The ox-tails he wore around his knees and elbows danced menacingly as he approached the enemy. and easily took the spear sweeping ~. The Bute]ez] champion was alarmed and .tout. Sudden ly Shaka sprang forward.

G ROW[NG . Yet again Shaka bravely stepp ed ]n to the n\I1ng of the long spear and took mt on his huge shield.[NTO A '\¥ARlUOR raised his second! spear for another attack. and 13 . pushing it over '[0 his left.

This man was their best warrior. the left and the other 'to two IC'O[ umns me right of the B u tele zi arrny. leaving the left side of the startled B utele zi exposed to the stab of his deadly i-k/wa spe ar.As they had been trained. As Shaka' s f:u:~a'Yjt i.'.~ yell.I... . the suddenly turned in wards.~ But Shaka was not ab ou t to give them a break..g b rute force.-l€lwt! descended round-eyed MJj. 1 taught 'the nl '. Behind him rushed the other . The rest of the Mtetwa hurriedly formed into the VI\VO columns of 'the 'horns' and raced ahead very fasr along each flank.and yet Shaka had floored bill'] so c asily . s-norns recr fnq ue he h au .HA.nedup behind him..21 "i!.S.Mtetwa 'warriors who made up the ~hest'" o~ tth eu'b 'I. Immediately their champion had fallen he sprang forward and raced towards the front ranks of the Butelezi army. one to.... Shah forced both shields to his left.. the Butelezi champion feU to his knees with ... closing 14 .y" Applyin.d.. fear descended on the unbelieving Butclezi warriors ]~.C 'n Ihni c ne '_' . .K!1 ZULU th en he used his shie 1 again to push Ute d Butelezi's shield out: of me \V~... .

giswayo stopp ed the battle and ordered the Butelezi 'to surrender. Shaka ~ Later ~Chief D iagiswa yo rewarded Shaka wi th teu head of ca ttle an. of the Butelezi army inside the "hull's horns.'. The rest of the Butelezi army. They were expecting to start the ja. turned rail.GRO\VING fNTO A WAl00:0R in and trapping 'the front ranks. astonished at wha thad happe n ed. The Mtetwa had won the battle hands-down. thanks to the bravery and ingen uity of one man. There was no need for senseless bloodshed.bulll" the victory dance! Seeing this. Chief D m.d promcted him to the rank of captain of a hundred-mart And it was a well-deservedreward unit. and ran. hack towards where their 'worn en and cattle were waiting. indeed! 15 .

Bn t this \I\"a5not.. .CHAPTER THREE '. . going to be easy. RN····H· O'. brave young rnan spread far and wide. 16 . ..' & the fame of this. RET"U'. named Signjana. announced that be wanted one of his olher sons. the old. This w:as iD the year 1816. When Shaka heard the news he prepared to travel horne to assume Jeaderahip of the clan 'I U be was the eldest son.' . '. _. . . back. Before he wed.. . man. M'E . horne in Znluland Shaka's ageing father Senzangakona wed.

..'I{"'lP.The .e~y.. r:1~ ".' Li'O"'I'II11 '_ UI. Chief Dingiswayo. Jill! lLTf:lOM. the wild.de himselfkin.'na. With the aid of Mtetwa warriors. However. tI-!I!. As the gallan t warriors marched through ~ the village.jI. .... L. brooding half-brothers. This meant that now Shaka had to fight for the throne.stepbrother . .' 1. 'was there to help him. 17 .i.. tnrone tlaat Aft er successn y capmnng t.. Shaka managed to mice the throne of tile' Zulu people from his ..Tt:r. 'the greatest enemies were the powerful clans like me N dwandwe to 'the north .JLJe! ." Shaka's friend. righ tflE11y belonged to him. Some' of his enemies were . ~ -i' ~ " I...M!B Lion! " The 'peop~. there were sho '!""(C 'of h. Fortunat.RETURN HOME to take over le adership of the c]an. They were not happy that Shaka had returned from exile and D13. l:~. ·li..cked at any time. Shaka 'was happy to be back home after so many years wandering in. full'.":r/.il·n~.I?.Zulus.m:.. .~b.could be a.eof 'the tribe were salu ting their new leader.g of the Zulus.'\I'o'iII.iln1...rlll .. with Shaka at the head.:l1 "'. Shaka realized that be had many enemies.IDs. .

lot of careful thought.the dan. to settle with 'them" To do this. 'What shock it was for them to wake up and 'find stran.ge rs in their mildS'C} [heir well. So carefully did Shaka plan the mission 'that Makcdarna the chief of the Langen i. Of course. He was not prepared Shaka's army WdS to lose the few warriors he had! But how could he conquer the other clans without going to war? This called for a.SHAUZULU small.honed spears gHnting menacingly in the morning sun! 18 . he selected some of his.Langerli Iand. woke up by And this was the same for. whom Shaka knew 'weI]. finest warriors and sneaked them into . He had some persona] business. Then he burned to his mother's clan. the Langeni ~ up north. the J" one morning to find his k'rasl surrounded Zulu warriors! ocher senior men ~n. and he bad to' build it up before going to war. He first took 'Wl]L1 t remained of Chief Dingiswayo's Mtetwa army and added them to his own. the place' was familiar to him because he had spent :P'Mt of his childhood there.

Shaka found his unkind relations.arching th rough the VllH. These stakes were normally usedto fence in cattle. his mother.Il pain) Shaka ordered the Zulu i' 19 . split tree trunks . the unkind re lations writhed L. He ordered 'them to be executed on sharpened stakes made: from. in exchange for his being Left alone to run his affairs. Shaka also had a score to. l\nd JJ. when Shaka was but a. been unkind to him. Shaka.. But this was not all. as the warriors were known. ordered the chief to sendyoung menfrom the tribe to join the Zulu army.age with his []icry ZuJ u i ntpis. s who had. settle wi th those of .Makedarna 'to do but surrender. M. mere boy.hi s mother ~ relations.RETURN HOME There was nothing for Chief. not wishing to engage in senseless bloodshed wi th his kin. and.

.g from strength to strength . 'Those :fe\v clans who dared resist the Zulu. The Zulu arm y was grow. And so the remaining Langeni 'warriors joined Shaka's army. He made their' chiefs send young' men 'to serve in the . willingly came to join him. died" Shaka fe~t n. all their wealth.io. Left to 20 . young men nom other neighboeing clans heard of his conq nests In war and. grain and women.o mc:rcy' at 1l1L It was payback time for what they had done to him and his mother.t. Moreover. were soon to regret it.. The Zulu descended on them in fearless droves and razed their villages to the ground.eik J Bttye'def' to the king. mat is.zUL·U warrior'S to set the :fe:nceson fire VVhat agony the unkind relations lived 'through 3$ they died! And yet SUtch was their awe that they shouted the royal greeting. the Zulu easily conquered other neighbouring tribes.KA . Bll:y. They took away cattle.SHA. even as they i. Atfter that.ZIII u army in. t. exchange for their being left mec'to run their own affairs.

the you~g men learned a dis cipline that they had never known and were honed into the finest warriors. And as they came into the Z ulu army.E:r U RN H:O. they had no option but 'to surrender and be enlisted into the .Ii wander the open peld.R. the wilderness.M.1JJ army. sou th of the Sahara! 21 .ZlLlJ.

d was tnc rana hostile Ndwandwe clan. 'to keep the peace» he ~w~ys. D"· .gone [0 war. . s. '- To the north of his friend .:. long time. Often they had . Dingiswayo was stronger. who had been giving Chief Dingiswayo trouble fot a." and occasionally captured Chief Zwide.INGISWAYO IS KIL·.. mgiswayo ')s 1.CHAPTER FOUR D.· .L·E·D.. The Chief of the Ndwaridwe was a crafty fe. released the Ndwandwe chief with a fine of a few head of cattle: and a stern warning to behave himself 22 .llow· m amed Zwide.. but.. .

er tb ey' plotted to c ast a powerful magic spell on Dingiswayo." he cautioned.W. used her craft 'to destroy people. is going to make an attempt on your own life next. Zwide W..DING[SWAYO ]'8 K]I . he hatched an evil plan" Zwide sought the help of his mother.. he could. She wanted to keep his prized head to add to her collection of skul 1. Moreover.. which his "The man. ''''] say next time yOll catch that weasel you should slit his throat! the proper thing to do" my friend ~ . hair and bits of his.6! 'Tog:eth. help him. 2. friend and mentor could go in the name of good relations with his neighbours. That is unable 'to defeat the stronger Sf) Chief Dingiswayo Ntombazi.. not believethe levels to. VIce. Ntombazi was an old witch who ~ .J" d fjrienn s :t11. this they needed 80m e To do of his. she kept the skulls of the p eople she killed in her bouse! Ntombazi agreed to.3 .." But Chief Dingiswayo bru shed aside his -' -. ED L Shaka warned his friend that the Ndwandwc chief was not to be trusted . In fact.

24 . This woman beautiful \VOnl:..n.. 'When the' magic was ready" 'tile old 'witch told her SOD to !chaUenge Chief Dingiswayo to battle. wo uld m eet D inglis'\Wyo' s . they sen t a to Dingiswayo. . ~!-.. To get th e hai r and toen ai ls. The: witch would use these to brew' a. note k_noMflg he was courting deathl his own. Id get. strong magic medicine which would trap Dingi swa yo '.1 was to trick him into marrying her so that she . And Diugi sway 0. like a true Nguni..some 0 f his ttoenans. toenails.~ L· . 01ngi swayo was so taken by the stu nningly beau tifiil woman 'thai he married her. It had been arranged th at Shaka and some of the warriors..'I!. COlD. -. rus nair an d.I1. took up the challenge.

meet 'a " twist 0f' rate..t the great chief not omy me battle. the enemy ranksl So strong W~ the spell that not one of his warriors accompanied himl Only a handful of his wives 'went faithfully with him..Ib. a...y . So.. -LU· m bazi U _.'. in 'me battlefield close to the black Mfol 0zi J:U" As the two enemies stood facing' each other 111In~. ~-. Dingiswayo had [0 go on without him.'. c. I ..: SL.army.. either by magic OF to.-. .!!i.~ . This was going to I(OS. Then they 'would .!~ shed_ her powerful m. but his life as well.LJl. was .. In this.o. - the s~fety' of his own army and started 'walking' right in to.J.riors and give them... . But sorneho w.niO"~.J.'~m.r...!Il1~ late in getting 'to the agreed rendezvous.. . 1!L. thrashing once and for all.go together the Ndwandwe Wi:r. Soon 'Chief Dingiswayo like a mad man. left . the mighty chief of the Mtenva 'was lured into the hands of Chief Zwide and . River . - ..£...'.a· UJII.. ". way.. ~ N···· .oi"'" MJ..

he vowed to avenge the death of his friend. 26 .SHAK. Shaka's grief '\Y2S immeasurable when he got the news of the cowardly murder of hi me ·d and mentor" wise Chief Dingisv ayo.. Silently and sur· ly. killed.\ZULU was.

However.' ../ tribes [n their '\vay. .ER FIVE 'l'~."he old 'witch added many skulls.CHAPT. In the.'.. Shaka had a bone to p'i(~k"vith the 'Ndwandwe be cause they 'had killed 'me Dingiswayo. '~~.'H' . E-:" _'I • I ". Z'.lIl~ south. L' • '. '". to her t collection Eventually. T.... .".:. Shaka's spies brought rum news that 'Chief Zwide was planning 'to attack Zulu.'.':-:' '"TH." In the following months. A"" N""'D""V{E.: ~.-vJdemd his Ndwandwe warriorskept moving steadily ~. .rjng weaker . pkmde. "_' • ~"'." : . be knew that Chief 27 .·· WI'.' ND'"':"W.'". " -.rAR.. p'.roC{!:ss._'" ""'" "I • " .

-. and to tell .Zwide that the smaller than itt reallv "vas. W:U Noluju was also! to He to Z"'IVIde about Shak~~5plans.. had . Zwide and report to hirn on his preparations. I'i Q 'i. Zwide had an enormous force of over 18 ~ 000 warriors.000 warriors. ozu Hi' ·1I'~ Q" f.. There W'dS a man called Noluju who was UI0\Vn.WAR M1"H THE NDWANDVVE Zwide's army was much bigger than his own . The closest river W.mice the size of Jus own! He had to think. steep escarpm.enr. and it was quire far.' 1 . often invited ItO the Chief's ItrGlal.. carefully. '1 Shaka carefullv chose where the battle ~ ~LJ .aJ. Shaka sent him to go and spy on. 11'0 Mfolozi. pace CMlC-d v. nor water ~ 28 . Zulu army' . lit was 'very dry. 1_11:' " woum be: a. J In this W'1ly~ 'the Ndwandwe cbief 'was made "to give away his strategy for the battle. 11..: n.)lUJ Hill . which was not: easy to climb from the direction of the Ndwandwe army. lNhile Shaka's army numbered about 10.... and to underestimate the size of the Zulu army. to Chief Zwide and who was. There was fo ad for the Ndwandwe warriors. almos t .lliS the.

'en~right in the' thick of it~' Shaka had his rnen evacuate the Z'ulupeople from the surround rung homesteads ~ They hid [11 the dense and swampy Nkandla forest.ANDWE which they would ct. Nkandla Forest was nearby.ttairuy need. The Ndwandwe were not to susp ect anything until.WAR WITH THE Nr:nv. He 29 . in the beat of battle! The dense. This Forest was haunted by evil spirits. Shaka planned to lure them into this forest. and no Ndwandwe in his right mind woru1d dare venture inside. they w.

the yeat~· 818. 30 . toughest wMTior would be weakened without water. and. the.. He had a plan for them.l!!. 'and even 'the.AKAZULU had his.. carry off all the food and drive away the cattle.' ·!.. . village wi til.. men empty the grain. the Ndwandwe began streaming toward IQ··. few cattle. that dry area the sun gat scorching hot by mfudday.· l .U. Other men 'wok some of the food and water up to Qokli Hill. O. Shaka 'asked a few of his... a. for the Zulu warriors during the battle.eserted.: ". In. And so the next d~y dawned. However. men to' stay behind in . d. It was..iD. 'l['T~:fI . pits.~and 'this was going to 1 be the roost difficu.H. '.bt battle the N dwandwe had ever fbughr.S.W.

"ICOHle out. herd of cattle hurrying away?. 'the migh tJr N d w.g them from atop the hil!~saw to Ius disappointment that me' wily Zwide had chosen to stay at horne..and'N'e.s and bravado. and the warriors who bad remained hidde II ~n the 'rillag1e drove the cattle in to the view of the N dwandwe. you Zwu cowards! 'CODlJC out and face the champions of battle in all Nguniland.p them in theforest! As soan as the Ndwandwe were weU. plot to 'tJr-a.. The N dwandwe rushed after the cattle that were going toward the dark forest..e 31 .Shaka. The Ndwandwe carne running in their thousands. In. The place was as deserted as a ghost villagel Shaka gave a signal.f\Vhcl'"C in sight. the army. ObBerV. to lead. all shou r. 11rb.~Il.. V¥ ~ Hat~ . Wait~was that 3. son. He hadinstead sent his. their haste [tograb the well-fed Zulu cattle. Nomahlanjana.~:')) But there 'was no Zulu an. the Ndwandwe did not suspect that this was a. tailing. iusid.

u:'W. . :fled. Instead. them senseless. found the evil Vlitch woman. from the 'trees like bees. spears. because she would just as well . a S\vann IOf devils descending on 'we' poor Ndwaadwe with and jackals in 'the distance! Those few' Ndwandwe 'who 'were able to escape from the forest were DO luckier.3.. the Zulu. leamt of the defeat of IDS men 'and. The ZuJu mined down on them from the hill and hammered. .. They chased the..~.nds. zung! L . However. to another land. tile ZUlu warriors descended on them.m an the W. capturing their chief.Zuri·i. Zwitne. 32 . intent on. Zwide bad.~. stinging with their deadlyI -ltwt.S good enough.pay for the sins she had done. Nltombazi. . lik'e..:i'.'(IY bid north where they had come nom.A.tu~B! It was.SHAKAZULD the forest.

He tried. brought him word. .¥ to . the scattered • Ndlwand.e. I' 'Th c crazy llnye:n I . to .JI .. another Ndwandwe chief called Sikunyana took over..WJittl-.lc . to .. 'Yet again Shah's many informers. .b. Ll!: 1Nhat a terrible fate! Cries ofterrible ' L. chased old 'witch round and round.After Chief Zwide and his men fled. and he let off with an 3iDDY.' s yt...reorganize. :ag'Ony t:: 11 . for the hunger of a starved hyena is enormous! Eventually Shaka ordered dlat the hut be set ablaze ~thus .had he finished one m me bi't~ than be would be '~nneed of Inure. uU[.~ 10£ witoChttry.50~O[]Omen" to meet the new' troublemaker. ' .lIllleUUJ.keep her ut company: a half-starved mad hyena.man.r.For punishment.e ·w. They' marched for m:my days through 33 ..much back to . . . the witch 'was dragged all the way 'back to Zululsnd and locked up inside an old 11 with a. piece of her buttock! And no sooner . '1_..!lmo.red:lim. scary companion. then a.. snapping :IW3:Y a limb.l. this time of .p urting an end to the evil ·wo.'.w. their motherland .

ruJJi]I I • ~ .umn~singing war ax -hide shields and deadly' i ~klwastlashlng ill the sun. m ighty column offiery safari ants crossing a 'bare field! They met the fe~r Ndwandwe l!.: U'. ~l-'ag~. L the order the fearless Zulu swarmed up the slopes and devoured them. She 34 . It was only by luck..a.p. They were 'Ii ke a. As for ChiefZwide who had. m M1.my..r. and later fled up norm into Swazi Shaka trou ble again.ged to take over mather tribe and.. and..... A.oJ.. become chief. that the young Sikunyana managed to evade capture by the Zulu.(!fi.-lil ~ S:····h'c... ill ': '. . The rest ofthe Ndwandwe warriors were captured and. forced to join.-v: . He escaped by h [ding: in a pit that was disguised as an elephan t trap. H ed " N··: d .' .. the zu~u a.. awaited. a worse fate.]. fierce foe by the name of'Queea Mabelemane. run :~w~ylike a coward.1.) their enormous c.U n J"" ~ ~~~.. He travelled north-west into the modern-day Sarno country with ~ few of hls men.JLLIJ. ·M· ~Jh... O]JOlIW~'IIi"ii P '.. along ~ongs.. rum. never '[0 C3. Zwide S0011 carne face to faa: with a country.use . . However...I.f"lb camped at a '~ao·Tii' .SIMKAZULU the hot plains in.

~her name me ant 'Pour Breasts.en Ma belemane se t her pOiwlerfuLi magic: to. Zwide's own medicine men were no match for this powerful . ...~ ~ e .WAH Wl.sscd with a set of four pendulous breasts instead of the normal human two=what a sight! QUf. was not there 'to help him. in.ag~.'tile Chieftainess of the Pedi people and had terrible supernatural powers. indeed" she was.('. nd a soon Z'\\71id-.~. Even stranger.m. a strange land. powers dleclifLed~ and he died." and.TH THE NDWANDVfE 'was. forgotten.. 'work on Zwide and.Ie. b.j8 rncther. woe unto him ~ 1.. the witch N tombazi..

And the Zulu empire kept growing.th Zwide den:. just as a. ~ the last serious opposition to Shaka '5 power was gone.SHAKAZULU Wi. 36 .clump of'¥andering Jew weed grows over a manure heap in the rains.

e even tried 3·7 . and an English doctor carne wounds. .'. Shaka encountered the 'first Europeans travelling through Zul uland. .·_KA'. the so 1}10S[ me Zuluhad become powerful tribe fun. In appreciation. Shaka allowed the '[0 the rescue of this g~eat Zulu and treated his :nglish traders to operate in Z ululand. all of ern Africa. Sometime in the year 1824. .CHAPTER SIX THE DEATH OF SHA"·. ' By this time." Their king Shaka reigned unchallenged. It happened tha ~haka had been wounded in battle and was in a bad state.

the dry fJeld.ppy because 'Often they were ordered to do things. Shaka '8 beloved mother N andi died. he would order that the poor fellow be dragged out into the plain and stuck on . He would just walk up to.hak. at the m. But around this time misfortune struck. someone and..' for he was very In his mger he ordered many people killed') suspecting them of being witches who had caused his m other's death .S. the king of '[he 'white people thousands of kilometres a:way.ere}' of an 1:5 and vultures.Z'UIJJ to establish diploma ti c relations wi th King George. The warriors became un ha. if he looked suspicsous. And it was just what his scheming half-brother Dingane bad been 38 .H1'iJCA. S. they did not agree with. So great was.a was inconsolable attached 'to his rn othe f. And his warriors did just that" leaving the poor man to die in. agony out there in. Iest the same fate befall him! These killings created fear and discomfort aLCIOSS the land.2IL stake. the awe in which this man was held no one dared question his orders.

And SIO ended thee life of a great k[ngf~the c ' imaginative.bing 'i!. in 182g.. :lL. "... _. ... I~ back with the d...:J lL. . . Secretly. Ull)dl...LJ.THE D'1!ATli OF 5HAKA ''\vaiting for.ead]y i~llfw'a spear he had fashioned.rb. 39 I' . brave 111M1 who built and led rhe most ferocious army Mrica had ever seen .~ r.: LmL.~ b".~:~ in the _. hi" m .~at 41 year-s of age a t the hands of his own ha lf brother Dingane. He died. rnl Thew Ilf)joun-if"p'd .. Dingane and a few other members of the family plotted Shaka ':5 death. JLUJ~]:l . They crept upon him early one !llOrntng as he stood.. alone i~ a small kraal ailed kwaNyakanlUb! ~ The 'army was not 'there to defend cllcir ~e3der for ~ Shaka had ordered them 'to go '[0 war just the day before.. I r"··' . " . .

an:lln·iI'II .s~ ~" NC ifl~g' ~'~~OOoK~~ . .L: !i:!I~• .lm.Pepp.!:fl'e f'fi.!!ijii.Bitloq & ~""Si.!tv..S. Po~.